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GENETALOGY  COLLECTION 


ALLEN  COUNTY  PUBLIC  LIBRARY 


3  1833  01076  9252 


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WISCONSIN 

ITS  STORY  AND  BIOGRAPHY 
1848-1913 

BY 

ELLIS  BAKER  USHER 


President  "Wisconsin  Archaeological  Society ;  Member  of  the  American 
Historical  Association,  The  Mississippi  Valley  Historical 
Association,    The    Wisconsin    State    Histor- 
ical   Society    and    the    Amer- 
ican Political  Science 
Association 


VOLUME  VI 


THE  LEWIS  PUBLISHING  COMPANY 

CHICAGO  AND   NEW   YORK 
I914 


Copyright,  1914 

BY 

The  Lewis  Publishing  Co. 


.0 


■:(  v^  1219G63 


'V~^S-^-.<^-<-y 


Judge  Lawrence  Woodruff  Halsey  was  born  at  the  ancestral  home 
of  the  family  in  Southampton,  Long  Island,  New  York,  which  was 
founded  by  Thomas  Halsey  in  the  year  1640,  the  birth  of  the  subject 
occurring  on  January  8,  1841.  He  is  the  son  of  Captain  Abraham  and 
Eliza  Augusta  (Woodruff)  Halsey.  At  home  .in  private  schools  Law- 
rence Woodruff  Halsey  received  his  early  education.  He  was  still 
quite  young  when  he  gave  evidence  of  an  unusual  penchant  for 
books  and  study,  and  before  he  Avas  five  years  of  age,  he  could  read. 
In  October,  1846,  he  accompanied  an  uncle,  James  T.  Pierson,  to  his 
home  in  Crystal  Lake,  Illinois.  It  may  be  noted  that  the  only  means 
of  travel  from  New^  York  to  Chicago  at  that  time  Avas  by  steamboat 
to  Albany,  by  canal  to  Buffalo,  and  steamboat  to  Chicago.  Reared 
among  pioneers,  he  attended  the  common  schools  and  the  Crj'stal 
Lake  Academy  and  later  prepared  for  college,  attending  in  1860  the 
Batavia  Institute  at  Batavia,  Illinois.  Prior  to  his  graduation  from 
that  institution  he  taught  school  for  a  short  time.  His  home  life  upon 
the  farm  as  a  boy  Avas  attended  by  the  usual  farm  labor,  but  he  Avas 
not  deterred  from  his  intention  to  secure  an  education,  and  he  thus 
prepared  himself  for  college,  despite  many  interruptions.  He  Avas 
recognized  as  a  lad  as  an  iinusual  student  and  Avas  a  general  favorite 
in  school  and  out,  and  a  leader  in  all  boyish  activities.  In  the  singing 
schools,  so  popular  in  his  youth  in  the  village  districts,  he  easily 
showed  musical  talent  and  derived  a  genuine  pleasure  from  his  Avork 
in  that  department  of  social  life.  He  was,  in  fact,  a  most  versatile 
young  man,  and  being  handy  Avith  tools,  at  one  time  assisted  in  a 
series  of  local  surveys.  It  Avas  in  this  latter  service,  it  may  be  said, 
that  he  earned  the  money  that  made  it  possible  for  him  to  enter  the 
Ann  Arbor  high  school  in  the  fall  of  1860,  Avhere  he  Avas  further  pre- 
pared for  the  University.  In  that  year  he  also  attended  some  of  the 
lectures  of  the  higher  institution,  but  it  Avas  not  until  October,  1861, 
that  he  matriculated  in  the  University  of  Michigan  and  began  his 
studies  of  letters  and  science.  In  1863  Mr.  Halsey  entered  the  law 
school,  in  addition  to  his  law  course,  taking  some  literary  Avork  in  the 
University.  He  remained  through  the  summer  vacation  and  devoted 
himself  assiduously  to  studJ^  In  that  year  he  became  clerk  and 
student  in  the  office  of  ex-Senator  Alpheus  Feleh,  later  in  the  office  of 
John  N.  Gott,  and  in  May,  1864,  he  entered  the  office  of  Judge  Olney 
Hawkins,  where  he  remained  through  the  summer,  until  December, 
1864.  At  that  time  he  prepared  tAvo  theses,  one  on  the  subject  of 
"Taxation"  and  another  on  "Banking,"  both  of  AA'hich  Avere  aAvarded 
honorable  mention  and  gained  him  permission  to  leave  the  University 
until  commencement  time.     He  spent  that  AA'inter  in  Chicago.  Avhere 

1883 


1384  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

he  was  engaged  as  clerk  in  the  office  of  P.  L.  Sherman,  and  continued 
until  June,  when  he  returned  to  the  University,  there  to  receive  his 
degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  At  Chicago  he  founded  and  organized 
the  Moot  Court  of  Debate.  While  at  the  University  he  was  an  im- 
portant factor  in  many  of  the  activities  of  the  college.  He  was  an 
officer  in  the  University  Battalion  and  was  commander  of  the  High 
School  Company  in  1860-61,  most  of  which  enlisted  in  the  volunteer 
army,  in  which  two  of  his  brothers  served  with  distinction,  one 
perishing  in  the  service  of  his  country  and  the  other  being  severely 
wounded.  Mr.  Halsey's  father  insisted  that  he  remain  at  school  and 
finish  his  studies  and  laid  such  stress  upon  his  demands  that  the  son 
acquiesced,  although  he  felt  very  keenly  the  inability  to  join  his 
brothers  in  action.  Mr.  Halsey  was  chairman  of  the  school  literary 
society,  and  in  January,  1861,  he  joined  the  Adelphi  Society  and  con- 
tinued active  therein  until  the  close  of  his  college  career.  He  was  the 
founder  and  first  president  of  the  Jeffersonian  Society  and  was  an 
acknowledged  leader  in  public  debates.  He  was  honored  in  being 
chosen  to  preside  at  the  general  exercises  and  inauguration  held  in 
the  new  law  building  in  1864.  In  addition  to  these  several  societies 
and  clubs  in  which  he  held  membership,  Mr.  Halsey,  on  February  25, 
1863,  became  a  Free  and  Accepted  Mason.  He  was  graduated  with 
the  law  class  of  1865,  and  on  March  30th  of  the  same  year  was  ad- 
mitted to  practice  in  the  state  of  Michigan  at  the  Washtenaw  bar. 
before  Judge  Lawrence.  Soon  after,  he  returned  to  Crystal  Lake, 
Illinois,  where  he  had  been  reared  in  the  home  of  his  uncle,  and  in 
May  set  out  to  find  a  suitable  location  in  which  to  establish  himself 
in  practice.  He  eventually  settled  at  Oshkosh,  Wisconsin,  and  there 
on  June  12,  1865,  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Col.  H.  B.  Jackson, 
the  firm  being  known  as  Jackson  &  Halsey.  They  built  up  a  large 
practice  in  the  city  and  conducted  many  cases  of  state-wide  impor- 
tance, their  business  being  a  successful  and  representative  one  in  the 
city.  After  twelve  years  spent  in  practice  in  Oshkosh,  Mr.  Halsey 
i*emoved  to  Milwaukee,  and  here  in  January,  1877,  he  became  a  co- 
partner in  the  firm  of  Johnson,  Rietbrock  &  Halsey,  which  association 
continued  until  in  1888,  when  the  elevation  of  Hon.  D.  H.  Johnson 
to  the  bench  caused  a  break  in  their  business  relations.  For  a  time 
thereafter  the  firm  existed  as  Rietbrock  &  Halsey,  until  Mr.  Halsey 
M-as  appointed  to  succeed  Judge  Johnson  on  the  bench.  In  addition 
to  its  extensive  practice  their  firm  acquired  large  tracts  of  land  in 
Marathon,  Wood  and  Price  counties,  where  they  conducted  an  im- 
portant colonization  project,  causing  the  entire  district  to  be  settled 
with  energetic  and  ambitious  farmers.  There  they  built  and  operated 
lumber  and  flour  mills  and  a  railroad,  peopling  the  wilderness  with 
sturdy  men  and  women,  and  they  established  the  village  of  Athens 
in  the  township  of  Halsey.    It  is  an  undeniable  fact  that  the  success 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1385 

and  prosperity  of  these  ventures  were  in  a  large  measure  due  to  the 
efforts  and  the  business  ability  of  Mr.  Halsey,  -who  gave  generously 
of  his  time  and  attention  to  the  furtherance  of  the  best  interests  of 
the  communitj',  and  in  every  way  contributed  to  its  ultimate  success. 

Mr.  Halsey  was  appointed  counsel  for  the  city  of  Milwaukee  and 
as  first  assistant  city  attorney  filled  the  office  from  April,  1898,  until 
July  28,  1900,  at  which  time  he  was  appointed  by  Governor  Scofield 
Judge  of  the  Second  Judicial  Circuit,  comprising  the  city  and  county 
of  Milwaukee,  to  succeed  Judge  Johnson,  as  mentioned  previously. 
At  the  spring  election  in  1901  he  received  the  unanimous  endorsement 
of  the  Milwaukee  County  Bar  and  was'  elected  by  an  overwhelming 
majorit)^  to  fill  the  unexpired  term,  and  at  the  end  of  that  term,  once 
more  the  single  choice  of  the  bar,  he  was  elected  for  the  full  term  of 
six  years,  expiring  in  1912.  In  April,  1911,  he  was  re-elected  for  an- 
other term,  to  expire  in  January,  1918,  at  which  election  he  received 
a  majority  of  fifteen  thousand,  after  having  conducted  his  own  cam- 
paign. 

While  it  is  a  fact  that  Judge  Halsey  has  never  aspired  to  political 
position,  he  has  nevertheless  held  high  offices  in  the  public  service, 
and  he  has  always  been  keenly  interested  in  the  various  civic  and 
political  activities  of  his  city,  and  has  held  the  position  of  an  esteemed 
and  valued  adviser  wherever  he  has  been  found.  At  the  University, 
while  in  pursuit  of  his  education,  he  was  always  a  participant  in  the 
more  important  college  affairs,  and  as  a  debater  of  unusiial  ability 
and  a  member  of  the  leading  debating  societies,  he  was  active  in 
bringing  noted  men  to  the  University  to  lecture  on  various  occasions. 
While  at  Oshkosh,  Judge  Halsey  was  a  leader  in  many  activities  of  a 
civic  nature  and  did  much  for  the  improvement  and  prosperity  of 
that  city.  He  was  while  there  elected  as  a  school  director  at  large 
and  served  for  a  number  of  years  in  that  capacity,  and  as  a  member 
of  that  board  brought  about  the  establishment  of  the  graded  school 
system  which  now  prevails  in  the  city.  He  has  ever  since  manifested 
a  keen  interest  in  public  school  education,  and  has  been  an  influence 
for  good  in  educational  matters  in  Milwaukee,  as  well  as  in  Oshkosh. 

Politically  Judge  Halsey  has  been  a  consistent  Democrat,  Avhose 
advice  and  guidance  has  frequently  been  sought  by  leaders  in  that 
party,  and  his  opinions  have  been  much  valued  and  of  a  considerable 
influence  in  the  shaping  of  local  politics.  In  addition  to  his  pro- 
fessional work  Judge  Halsey  has  contribiited  liberally  to  the  editorial 
columns  of  the  Oshkosh  Democrat  and  later  the  Oshkosh  Times,  his 
comments  on  political  and  civic  matters  awakening  more  than  local 
discussion.  He  was  an  influential  figure  in  the  affairs  of  the  Wiscon- 
sin National  Guard  for  thirty  years,  and  he  with  others  organized  the 
Light  Horse  Squadron,  in  Avhich  he  served  as  an  officer  for  the  first 
few  years.     He  was  largely  instrumental  in  the  work  of  erecting  the 


1386  HISTORY  OF  ^YISC0XS1N 

fine  stone  Armory  in  Milwaukee  in  1885,  which  was  long  the  home  of 
Troop  A,  the  light  battery  and  several  companies  of  the  National 
Guard.  The  Judge  later  negotiated  the  purchase  of  the  present  site 
of  thirty  acres,  and  the  sale  to  the  city  of  the  Broadway  Armory. 
He  was  instrumental  in  the  building  of  the  new  Armory  and  Barracks 
of  the  Light  Horse  Squadron  Armory.  He  has  been  president  of  the 
Light  Horse  Squadron  Armory  Association  since  its  incorporation  and 
was  also  an  important  factor  in  the  creating  of  new  infantry  com- 
panies, in  one  of  which  is  an  honorary  life  member. 

Judge  Halsey  has  long  been  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  As- 
sociation of  Wisconsin  and  State  Bar  Association,  and  of  the  Mil- 
Avaukee  Bar  Association,  as  well  as  of  the  Wisconsin  Historical 
Society  and  many  other  societies.  A  Christian  gentleman  of  a  high 
type,  he  has  long  held  membership  in  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church, 
in  which  he  has  manifested  an  abiding  interest.  He  was  a  vestryman 
of  Trinity  church  at  Oshkosh  and  for  thirty  years  Avas  a  member  of 
St.  Paul's  Episcopal  church  in  this  city,  and  has  been  a  vestryman  of 
St.  Mark's.  In  addition  he  was  appointed  Chancellor  of  the  Diocese 
of  IMilwaukee,  which  office  he  has  held  for  many  years,  and  he  has  been 
for  a  long  period  president  of  the  board  of  St.  John's  Home  for  Old 
People.  He  has  frequently  represented  his  parish  in  the  diocesan 
councils  and  has  been  active  in  Christian  Avork  outside  of  his  OAvn 
church. 

Judge  Halsey  from  his  youth  has  been  the  possessor  of  a  fine  A'oiee, 
and  from  being  a  leader  in  the  singing  school  in  his  boyhood  has 
reached  prominence  as  a  member  of  A^arious  choral  societies,  and  Avith 
his  Avife,  Avho  has  an  excellent  musical  training,  Avas  a  member  of 
choirs  and  choruses  in  Oshkosh.  After  coming  to  IMihvaukee  they 
joined  the  Arion  and  Cecilian  clubs  in  1877,  and  Judge  Halsey  is  still 
an  honorary  member  of  the  Arion  Club,  as  Avell  as  of  the  Liedertafel 
and  Mihvaukee  Musical  Societies.  As  chairman  of  the  executiA'e  com- 
mittee of  these  societies  he  Avas  a  prime  mover  in  bringing  about  the 
building  of  a  great  hall  for  couA^entions  and  concerts,  called  the 
Auditorium. 

Judge  Halsey  became  a  Mason  Avhile  attending  the  University  of 
Michigan,  as  has  already  been  noted,  and  he  has  attained  a  high  de- 
gree in  that  old  and  time  honored  fraternity.  He  was  long  the 
Secretary  in  the  Oshkosh  lodge  and  is  noAV  a  member  of  Wisconsin 
Lodge,  Xo.  13,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  Wisconsin  Commandery,  No.  1,  of 
the  Ivnights  Templar.  In  1871  he  Avas  admitted  to  the  Order  of  the 
Knights  of  Pythias,  in  AAdiich  he  has  been  a  prominent  member  and 
he  has  been  honored  AAdth  the  highest  offices  in  that  order,  being  Past 
Grand  Chancellor  and  Past  Supreme  Representative,  and  a  leading 
factor  in  the  Uniform  Rank,  bringing  this  body  to  great  efficiency 
and  numerical  strength  as  Brigadier  General  of  the  Wisconsin  Bri- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1387 

gade.  He  has  for  some  years  past  been  Judge  Advocate  General  of 
the  National  Body,  Military  Department  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias, 
and  has  been  in  many  ways  a  tower  of  strength  to  the  order.  Since 
1880  he  has  been  Trustee  of  the  Wisconsin  Grand  Lodge. 

On  December  26,  1866,  Judge  Halsey  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Mary  Louisa  Loveridge,  the  daughter  of  Edwin  Dexter  Love- 
ridge,  M.  D.,  and  his  wife,  Susannah  Bodine  Pierson.  Four  children 
were  born  to  Judge  and  Mrs.  Halsey,  two  only  having  survived, 
Louisa  K.  Halsey,  who  was  married  November  6th,  1889,  to  Philo 
C.  DarroAv,  of  Western  Springs,  Illinois,  and  Pierson  L.  Halsey,  who 
was  educated  at  Cornell  University  and  graduated  in  June,  1896,  in 
the  law  department  of  Wisconsin  University  and  became  a  member 
of  the  firm  of  Rietbrock  &  Halsey  for  some  years.  He  is  now  residing 
on  a  stock  farm  at  Athens,  Wisconsin. 

Mrs.  Halsey  lost  her  life  in  a  wreck  on  the  Chesapeake  &  Ohio 
Railway,  near  Maysville,  Kentucky,  on  May  22,  1907,  in  which  acci- 
dent the  Judge  also  was  severely  injured.  Mrs.  Halsey  was  a  woman 
of  the  finest  traits  of  mind  and  heart,  widely  known  and  well  beloved. 
She  was  a  woman  of  superior  education  and  culture  and  always 
played  a  proniinent  part  in  the  civic,  patriotic  and  educational  clubs 
and  societies  in  Mihvaukee,  as  well  as  being  a  leader  in  church  and 
benevolent  work.  In  addition  to  a  marked  literary  ability,  which 
made  her  popular  in  the  best  club  circles  of  the  city,  she  was  a  talented 
musician,  and  Avith  her  husband  was  a  member  of  many  of  the  best 
Choral  Clubs  of  Oshkosh  and  Milwaukee  during  her  lifetime.  Her 
home  life  was  characterized  by  the  most  ideal  conditions,  and  she 
was  known  for  a  devoted  wife  and  mother,  tender,  gracious  and 
kindly  in  all  the  relations  of  life,  and  in  every  way  a  noble  and  ex- 
emplary woman.  Her  death  came  as  a  great  shock  to  the  city  and 
was  deeply  deplored  in  the  circles  in  which  she  had  been  wont  to 
move. 

Judge  Halsey,  it  should  be  stated,  is  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Wisconsin  Savings  Loan  and  Building  Association,  of  which  he  is  first 
vice-president.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  University  of  Michigan 
Alumni  Association  of  Wisconsin,  and  is  chairman  of  the  Scholarship 
Endowment  Committee. 

The  Jiidge  is  still  active  and  interested  in  every  phase  of  civic  life 
and  in  affair^  of  state  and  national  import.  It  is  not  too  much  to  say 
at  this  point  that  few,  if  indeed  any,  men  in  the  city  of  Milwaukee 
have  been  more  actively  allied  with  and  more  deeply  interested  in  the 
civic,  patriotic  and  political  organizations  of  the  city  and  in  its  social, 
philanthropic  and  religious  afi^airs  than  has  Judge  Halsey.  Through- 
out his  long  and  busy  career  he  has  been  widely  esteemed  and  highly 
respected  for  his  many  excellent  qualities,  his  splendid  achievements, 
his    scholarly    attainments,    his   practical    wisdom,    and   his    brilliant 


1888  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

record  as  the  presiding  judge  of  the  circuit  court  as  a  fitting  climax 
to  his  more  than  exemplary  public  career. 

William  F.  Peterman.  As  president  of  the  Peterman  Brothers 
Company,  general  merchants  at  Merrill,  in  Lincoln  county,  as  second 
vice  president  of  the  German- Amei'ican  State  Bank  of  Merrill,  and  as 
president  of  the  Merrill  Knitting  Company,  a  new  industry  established 
in  1912  with  a  capital  stock  of  $15,000.00,  but  which  has  since  been 
increased  to  $30,000.00,  William  F.  Peterman  is  now  one  of  the  fore- 
most business  men  and  citizens  of  Lincoln  county.  He  has  lived  in 
this  county  for  thirty  years,  grew  up  to  manhood  here,  started  out 
without  capital,  and  is  strictly  a  self-made  man,  having  through  his 
integrity  and  demonstrated  industry  placed  himself  in  positions  of 
recognized  leadership  in  the  business  and  civic  affairs  of  his  locality. 

William  F.  Peterman  is  a  native  of  Germany,  born  April  12,  1872, 
a  son  of  August  and  Johanna  Peterman.  In  1883,  when  he  was  eleven 
■year  old,  the  family  immigrated  to  America,  and  from  New  York  City 
came  direct  to  Merrill,  Wisconsin.  His  father  was  an  industrious 
working  man,  and  bore  a  respected  name  during  his  residence  in 
Merrill,  where  both  he  and  his  wife  died.  William  F.  Peterman  had 
attended  school  in  Germany,  and  after  coming  to  Wisconsin  was  a 
student  for  two  terms  in  the  Merrill  public  schools,  and  thus  familiar- 
ized himself  with  the  English  language,  and  completed  his  equipment 
for  a  business  career.  His  school  days  were  over  when  he  was  a  little 
past  thirteen  years  old,  and  at  that  time  he  secured  his  first  regular 
employment  as  a  boy  worker  in  a  saw  mill.  Later  for  a  year  and  a 
half  he  had  experience  in  a  sash  and  door  factor}^,  and  then  began 
delivering  groceries  for  the  firm  of  E.  A.  Wiley  &  Company.  The 
three  years  of  his  employment  with  the  grocery  firm  gave  him  a  prac- 
tical knowledge  of  that  business  and  with  that  experience  he  joined 
F.  A.  Hanover  &  Son  in  buying  out  Mr.  Wiley's  establishment.  He 
continued  a  member  of  the  new  firm  about  one  year,  and  then  in  1893 
established  Avhat  is  now  the  large  general  store  of  Peterman  Brothers. 
The  stock  of  this  partnership  was  first  displayed  in  what  is  now 
Fowler's  drug  store  on  east  Main  Street.  In  1900  their  store  was 
burned  but  the  partners  quickly  resumed  business,  and  then  moved 
to  a  portion  of  their  present  store  corner  at  Main  and  Popular  Streets. 
In  1909  they  acquired  the  adjoining  building  to  the  west  and  now 
have  an  elegant  store  in  their  own  building.  The  Peterman  building 
has  a  frontage  of  eighty-two  feet,  Avith  a  depth  of  one  hundred  and 
twenty  feet  facing  on  Main  Street,  and  also  with  entrance  on  Popu- 
lar Street.  The  German-American  Bank,  of  which  Mr.  Peterman  is 
vice  president  occupies  the  corner  room  of  the  Peterman  Building, 
but  all  the  rest  of  the  ground  floor  is  occupied  by  the  business  of 
Peterman  Brothers.    This  building  is  a  two-story  brick  structure,  and 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1389 

the  upper  floors  are  occupied  by  offices.  Immediately  back  of  the 
store  building  is  a  Avarehouse  forty  by  twenty  feet,  used  to  supplement 
the  requirements  for  space  in  the  main  store.  The  Peterman  Brothers 
conduct  one  of  the  two  largest  mercantile  establishments  in  Lincoln 
county.  Established  in  1893,  it  was  conducted  as  a  flourishing  part- 
nership between  the  three  Peterman  Brothers,  until  1912,  and  in  that 
year  was  incorporated  under  its  present  name  of  Peterman  Brothers 
Company,  with  ]Mr.  William  F.  Peterman  president,  ]Mr.  A.  E.  Peter- 
man vice  president,  and  R.  J.  Peterman  as  secretary  and  treasurer. 
The  capital  stock  of  the  company  is  $25,000.00. 

William  F.  Peterman,  as  a  biisiuess  man  who  has  been  known  to 
the  people  of  Lincoln  county  since  he  was  a  boy  has  long  been  promi- 
nent in  local  affairs  outside  of  his  private  business.  In  1910  he 
became  a  member  of  the  Lincoln  County  Board  of  Supervisors,  and  for 
two  years,  1911-12,  served  as  chairman  of  the  board.  He  has  served 
three  different  terms  as  alderman  from  the  Seventh  Ward,  the  first  time 
in  1898. 

In  1894  Mr.  Peterman  was  mairied  to  Minnie  Hackbart  of  Merrill. 
They  are  the  parents  of  four  children;  Harry,  Elsie,  William  and 
Xeton.  The  church  connection  of  ]\Ir.  Peterman  and  family  is  with  the 
Evangelical  denomination,  and  he  is  affiliated  with  the  Independent 
Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  the  ]\Iodern  Woodmen  of  America,  and  the 
Knights  of  the  ^Maccabees. 

Aug.  J.  Braun.  In  November,  1912,  the  people  of  Lincoln  county 
placed  the  management  of  county  finances  under  the  care  of  a  popular 
young  citizen,  who  was  reared  in  Merrill  and  has  been  known  to  the 
people  of  this  vicinity  all  his  life.  Aug.  J.  Braun  is  more  than  a  popular 
citizen.  His  integrity  and  proficiency  have  been  demonstrated  in  many 
ways,  and  he  has  given  a  good  account  of  himself  in  every  relation  of 
trust  and  business. 

Aug.  J.  Braun  took  up  his  duties  as  county  treasurer  on  January 
6,  1913,  succeeding  the  late  W.  E.  Whitney  in  that  office.  Mr.  Braun 
was  born  in  Germany,  January  3,  1882,  a  son  of  August  and  Dorothy 
Braun.  When  he  was  an  infant,  the  parents  came  to  America,  his  father 
having  preceded  the  rest  of  the  family,  and  found  a  home  for  them  in 
Merrill.  From  here  he  sent  back  to  Germany  for  the  mother  and  chil- 
dren, and  they  followed  on  and  joined  him  in  Merrill.  The  children 
who  came  with  the  mother  were  Aug.  J.  and  a  younger  brother  William 
L.  Braun.  Thus  Mr.  Braun  from  his  earliest  recollection  was  reared  in 
Merrill,  and  attended  the  public  schools  np  to  the  eighth  grade,  after 
which  he  was  a  student  in  the  German  schools  for  some  time.  His  father 
is  still  actively  identified  with  the  city,  being  a  local  druggist.  The 
mother  is  deceased. 

After  leaving  school  Mr.  Braun  worked  in  the  A.  H.  Stange  Sash  & 


1390  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Door  Factory  for  a  year  and  a  half.  Since  that  time  he  has  been  con- 
nected with  various  stores  in  Merrill  as  clerk  and  delivery  man.  By 
practical  experience  he  is  thoroughly  familiar  with  the  lumber  industry 
of  Northern  AVisconsin,  and  is  also  an  efficient  business  man. 

In  September,  1910,  Mr.  Braun  married  Miss  Eleanor  Hulda  Wais 
of  Merrill. 

George  Curtis  Mansfield.  Industries  which  supply  the  vital  neces- 
sities of  human  life  among  many  thousands  of  people  and  over  wide 
areas  are  seldom  of  quick  growth.  They  have  roots  usually  in  the  steady 
industry  and  enterprise  of  a  single  individual,  whose  lifetime  is  often  in- 
sufficient for  their  full  development  and  a  succession  of  corporate  form 
carries  on  and  expands  the  institution  through  its  most  flourishing 
stages.  This  has  been  true  of  a  Wisconsin  industry,  one  especially  typical 
of  the  state,  and  one  of  the  largest  in  the  country,  supplying  the  products 
of  local  dairies  to  thousands  of  consumers — the  George  C.  Mansfield 
Company  of  Milwaukee.  The  business  originated  more  than  forty  years 
ago,  was  developed  on  a  profitable  scale,  but  it  remained  for  the  sons 
of  the  founder  to  bring  it  to  its  present  proportions.  The  following 
articles  represent  an  attempt  to  describe  the  main  features  in  the  careers 
of  the  individuals  engaged,  and  the  substantial  facts  concerning  the 
industry  itself. 

The  late  George  Curtis  Mansfield  was  a  descendant  of  one  of  the  old 
American  families.  The  environment  of  the  New  England  fathers  was 
calculated  to  bring  out  and  develop  all  that  was  sturdy  and  vigorous 
in  both  mind  and  body,  and  their  descendants  continue  to  manifest 
the  traits  of  character  which  enabled  them  to  survive  the  hardships 
they  were  compelled  to  endure,  and  which  rendered  jDrosperity  possible 
in  the  face  of  the  most  discouraging  conditions.  George  C.  Mansfield 
was  one  of  the  early  residents  of  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  and  in  his  old 
home  town  of  Johnson  Creek  he  will  long  be  remeinbered  as  a  foremost 
citizen  in  every  enterprise  and  movement  affecting  the  growth  and 
prosperity  of  this  little  village. 

Mr.  Mansfield  was  born  May  26,  1837,  at  Lowell,  ]\Iiddlesex  county, 
Mass.,  a  son  of  George  Mansfield.  He  received  an  ordinary  public  school 
education,  and  as  a  youth  began  his  business  career  with  the  firm  of 
Burr  Brothers  &  Company  of  Boston.  In  March,  1856,  he  came  to  Wis- 
consin, and  located  in  Johnson  Creek.  In  the  following  year  he  went  to 
Janesville,  where  he  worked  with  his  father,  who  had  established  a 
barrel  factory  at  that  point.  In  March  1860,  again  taking  up  his  resi- 
dence at  Johnson  Creek,  he  was  from  that  time  forward  actively  identi- 
fied with  the  development  of  the  locality.  His  first  venture  was  a 
grocery  store,  later  he  became  owner  of  a  barrel  stave  factory,  a  business 
which  grew  to  large  proportions.  Later  he  embarked  in  the  dairy  busi- 
ness, then  in  its  infancy  in  Wisconsin,  and  from  that  time  xintil  his  death 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1391 

was  a  decided  factor  iu  its  growth.  He  was  a  well  kuowu  figure  on  South 
Water  street,  Chicago,  where  he  was  accounted  in  his  time  the  heaviest 
shipper  of  dairy  goods  to  the  East.  He  has  been  sadly  missed  from  the 
village  of  Johnson  Creek,  where  he  had  been  ever  ready  to  help  and  im- 
prove the  community  in  every  way.  That  this  is  one  of  the  flourishing 
Wisconsin  towns  today  may  be  accredited  to  Mr.  Mansfield's  activity. 
Every  local  improvement  bears  the  impress  of  his  personality.  He  was 
ever  ready  to  assist  along  educational  lines,  and  the  present  school  system 
owes,  if  not  its  origin,  its  present  efficiency  to  him.  For  years  he  served 
as  postmaster,  railroad  agent,  and  express  agent,  established  Mansfield's 
Bank,  the  only  financial  institution  in  the  town,  and  was  known  as  John- 
son Creek's  most  useful  citizen.  He  never  took  any  active  part  in  puWic 
affairs  in  the  direction  of  politics,  nor  did  he  covet  personal  prefer- 
ment, but  was  at  all  times  willing  to  give  both  his  means  and  time  to 
the  principles  and  nominees  of  the  Republican  party.  His  success  in 
business  extended  beyond  the  borders  of  the  state,  and  he  had  interests 
in  the  oil  fields  of  Beaumont,  Texas.  His  work  in  founding  and  devel- 
oping the  great  George  C.  Mansfield  Company  alone  entitles  him  to  a 
leading  place  among  organizing  geniuses  of  his  day.  In  the  offices  of 
the  Company  in  Milwaukee  hangs  a  large  portrait  of  George  C.  Mans- 
field, and  alongside  are  the  pictures  of  his  sons  who  now  conduct  the 
business.  i\Ir.  Mansfield  did  not  live  to  reap  a  full  measure  of  success 
from  his  labors,  djdng  October  13,  1901,  sincerely  mourned  by  all  who 
had  known  him.  The  funeral  was  in  charge  of  the  Waterton  ^Masonic 
Lodge,  of  which  he  had  been  a  valued  member  for  inany  years. 

On  October  15,  1859,  Mr.  ^Mansfield  married  Miss  Caroline  Mosher,  of 
Janesville,  Wisconsin,  and  to  this  union  were  born  three  children  :  George 
D.,  president  and  treasurer  of  the  George  C.  Mansfield  ComjDany  of 
]\Iilwaukee ;  Fred  C,  a  representative  business  man  of  Johnson  Creek, 
and  vice  president  of  the  George  C.  Mansfield  Company ;  and  Grace  R., 
wife  of  Charles  D.  Pearce,  in  the  insurance  department  of  the  real  estate, 
loan  and  insurance  business  of  Chris  Schroeder  &  Son  Company  of  Mil- 
waukee. ]\Irs.  Mansfield  died  October  23,  1872.  She  was  born  October 
31,  1857,  in  Yei*mont,  and  like  her  husband  was  bj^  nature  and  training 
a  ' '  dyed-in-the-wool ' '  Yankee.  On  October  15,  1873,  Mr.  IMansfield  mar- 
ried for  his  second  wife  Miss  Kittie  "Winniek  of  Lake  Mills,  Wisconsin. 
Their  four  children  were :  Frank,  of  Lake  jMills ;  Philip,  of  Watertown  ; 
Flora,  now  Mrs.  Boardman  of  Lowell,  Massachusetts:  and  Mildred,  of 
Johnson  Creek.  All  were  born  at  Johnson  Creek,  and  educated  in  the 
public  schools  there.  Flora  spent  one  year  at  the  University  of  Wiscon- 
sin, and  Grace  R.  finished  her  schooling  at  Rockford  Seminary  for  Girls 
at  Rockford,  Illinois.  Frank  IMansfield  enlisted  for  service  in  a  Wis- 
consin regiment  of  Yolunteers  during  the  Spanish-American  War,  but 
after  reaching  Jacksonville,  Florida,  was  taken  ill  with  typhoid  fever. 
His  life  was  saved  through  the  braverv  of  his  mother  who  made  the 


1392  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

journey  to  the  southern  city  to  nurse  him  back  to  health,  but  at  the 
saeritice  of  her  own  life,  since  on  her  return  to  Johnson  Creek,  she  was 
stricken  with  the  same  disease  and  died  November  18,  1898. 

George  D.  ^Mansfield.  The  career  of  George  D.  jNIansfield,  oldest 
sou  of  the  late  George  C.  Mansfield,  and  now  president  of  the  great 
George  C.  Mansfield  Company  of  Milwaukee,  has  from  earliest  boyhood 
been  one  of  self-reliant  industry  and  constant  advancement.  In  him 
was  apparently  implanted  the  spirit  of  adventure,  and  he  Avas  quite 
ready  to  face  the  world  when  at  an  age  which  finds  most  boys  still  cher- 
ishing the  protection  of  their  parents  .  As  a  boy  he  traveled  to  nearly 
every  part  of  the  country,  was  in  different  lines  of  work,  met  and  over- 
came obstacles  which  steadied  and  gave  him  power  for  the  substantial 
accomplishments  of  his  later  years. 

George  D.  Mansfield  was  born  at  Johnson  Creek,  AVLsconsin,  July  11, 
1863,  a  son  of  George  Curtis  and  Caroline  Amanda  (Mosher)  Mans- 
field. He  had  practically  no  education  when  a  boy,  leaving  school 
at  the  age  of  thirteen.  Such  advantages  as  he  had  were  only  those  fur- 
nished by  a  country  school^  attended  by  from  eighty  to  ninety  boys 
and  girls,  presided  over  by  one  poorly  equipped  instructor,  and  he  ad- 
mits that  he  probably  learned  more  mischief  than  writing  and  reading 
and  arithmetic  in  that  institution  of  learning.  At  the  age  of  thirteen  he 
ran  away  obsessed  with  the  desire  to  see  the  world.  During  the  next 
few  months,  he  saw  a  great  deal  of  it,  and  was  by  no  means  on  the  rosy 
side  of  fortune,  finding  out  what  it  was  to  be  hungry,  and  also  to  be  ex- 
tremely homesick.  He  possessed  a  large  measure  of  that  boyish  pride 
which  prevented  him  from  returning  like  the  prodigal  and  asking  for- 
giveness, and  resolutely  determined  to  get  along  without  assistance.  In 
the  course  of  his  wanderings  he  arrived  at  Cedar  Rapids,  Iowa,  during 
the  time  of  grape  harvest  and  found  employment  in  a  vineyard.  The 
couple  for  whom  he  worked  and  in  whose  home  he  lived,  took  no  little  in- 
terest in  the  lad,  and  the  wife,  a  kindly,  motherly  woman,  seeing  that 
he  had  been  reared  among  refined  surroundings,  frequently  questioned 
him  as  to  his  home  and  people.  For  a  long  time  the  boy  refused  to  give 
any  information  regarding  himself,  but  finally,  during  a  spell  of  home- 
sickness, divulged  the  name  of  his  home  town.  The  old  lady,  who  had 
given  him  many  talks  in  an  effort  to  make  him  see  that  his  family  needed 
him  and  were  worrying  as  to  his  whereabouts,  wrote  to  his  parents,  and 
it  was  not  long  before  an  answer  came,  accompanied  by  a  check  to  pay 
his  transportation  home.  Finding  the  boy  in  the  vineyards,  the  old  lady 
informed  him  as  to  Avhat  she  had  done,  telling  him  also  that  she  would 
like  to  have  him  remain  with  her  for  another  week  to  assist  her  in  selling 
the  grapes.  But  now  the  lad's  homesickness  overcame  him  completely, 
and  on  the  very  same  day  he  left  for  home.  On  reaching  the  Wells 
Street  station  in  Chicago,  he  took  a  seat  in  the  depot  while  awaiting  the 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1393 

train  that  was  to  bear  him  to  Wisconsin,  to  Johnson  Creek.  He  had 
hardly  sat  down  when  he  noticed  a  gentleman  next  to  him  reading  a 
paper.  He  could  just  see  the  side  of  his  neighbor's  face,  but  a  peculiar 
twitching  in  the  cheek  told  him  that  it  was  his  father,  who,  it  developed, 
had  been  awaiting  his  coming,  but  who  had  not  expected  him  so  soon. 
This  twitching  is  a  characteristic  of  Mr.  ^Mansfield  at  this  time  while 
reading.  Once  restored  to  his  home,  George  D.  Mansfield  was  content  to 
remain  until  sixteen  years  of  age,  and  then  again  was  seized  with  the 
wanderlust,  and  this  time  went  to  Fargo,  North  Dakota.  It  was  mid- 
winter, and  he  secured  a  position  as  a  brakemaii  en  tlie  Northern  Pa- 
cific Railroad,  running  between  Fargo  and  Bismarck.  Subsequently  he 
was  engaged  in  railroading  in  various  capacity,  as  brakeman,  switchman, 
yardmaster,  and  conductor,  and  in  this  way  saw  a  greater  poi'tion  of  the 
United  States,  chiefly  through  the  western  states.  He  entered  the  service 
of  the  St.  Paul,  Minneapolis  and  Manitoba  Railroad,  now  the  Great 
Northern  and  was  a  fireman.  During  the  nine  years  of  his  railroading  he 
was  in  San  Francisco  and  Monterey,  did  switching  for  the  Southern 
Pacific  in  train  yards  at  San  Francisco,  was  in  Montana  at  the  time  of 
the  driving  of  the  famous  golden  spike  connecting  the  links  of  the  North- 
ern Pacific,  was  employed  as  a  conductor  of  freight  trains  on  that  line, 
worked  in  the  switch  yards  in  St.  Louis  during  the  Knights  of  Labor 
general  railroad  strike,  and  his  career  as  a  railroader  came  to  an  end 
in  the  Forty-eighth  Street  yards  of  the  Wisconsin  Central  Railway  in 
Chicago  in  1891. 

In  1890  Mr.  Mansfield  became  connected  with  a  produce  commission 
firm  on  South  Water  street  as  a  buyer  and  salesman.  After  three  years, 
in  1893,  he  moved  to  Edgerton,  Wisconsin.  At  Edgerton  he  took  over  the 
management  of  ten  creameries  belonging  to  the  Edgerton  Creamery  Com- 
pany, in  which  concern  his  father  was  interested.  During  his  seven  years 
of  residence  at  Edgerton,  he  so  firmly  established  himself  in  the  con- 
fidence of  the  people  that  he  was  twice  elected  mayor,  each  time  being 
elected  while  absent  from  the  city.  Mr.  Mansfield  then  returned  to 
Johnson  Creek  to  become  general  manager  of  the  George  C.  Mansfield 
Creameries  and  wholesale  butter  business.  In  this  way  he  continued 
until  his  father's  death^  when  he  became  president  and  treasurer  of  the 
George  C.  Mansfield  Company,  in  which  offices  he  continues  at  the  pres- 
ent time. 

In  the  fall  of  1907  the  George  C.  Mansfield  Company  started  the  erec- 
tion of  a  plant  at  Milwaukee,  costing  two  hundred  thousand  dollars,  and 
regarded  as  one  of  the  finest  of  its  kind  in  the  country.  This  plant  was 
completed  April  17,  1908.  The  concentration  of  the  business  at  Mil- 
waukee and  its  expansion  on  such  generous  proportions  was  a  logical  de- 
velopment of  the  enterprise  under  the  management  of  the  Mansfield 
Brothers,  who  had  laid  out  many  new  lines  for  improving  the  industry 
and  succeeded  in  realizing  their  ideals  in  so  happy  a  manner  that  the 
removal  of  the  headquarters  to  Milwaukee  became  a  necessary  part  of 


1394  IIJ STORY  OF  AVISC0N8IN 

their  plan.  About  the  time  the  Milwaukee  Plant  was  completed,  one  of 
the  Milwaukee  papers  published,  under  date  of  March  12,  1908,  a 
sketch  of  the  business  and  a  description  of  the  plant,  and  with  a  few 
changes  to  bring  the  article  down  to  date,  it  is  herewith  reproduced. 

"The  experience  and  business  concentration  of  forty  years  may  be 
said  to  be  represented  in  the  present  magnitude  of  the  butter  and  ice- 
cream manufacturing  and  storage  business  of  the  George  C.  Mansfield 
Company  of  this  city.  It  was  forty  years  ago  that  the  late  George  C. 
Mansfield  founded  at  Johnson  Creek,  Wisconsin,  the  business  today  man- 
aged by  the  two  sons,  George  D.  and  Fred  C.  Mansfield.  During  the  past 
year  the  company  conducted  a  trade  which  aggregated  one  million  two 
hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars  in  sales.  Twelve  years  ago  the  sons 
of  the  founder  opened  a  Milwaukee  branch,  where  they  could  get  better 
railroad  facilities  for  handling  their  large  and  increasing  business  and 
where  butter  from  every  part  of  the  state  could  be  brought  in  on  the  var- 
ious railroads  for  reshipment  and  for  city  trade,  and  they  subsequently 
added  the  wholesale  manufacture  of  ice-cream  to  that  of  butter  making. 
Moving  from  one  large  building  to  still  another  larger  one  as  a  result 
of  their  rapidly  increasing  trade,  this  company,  whose  famous  brand  of 
creamery  butter  is  known  in  all  parts  of  the  eountrj'.  is  now  the  largest 
and  most  perfect  plant  in  all  appointments  of  any  in  the  country.  This 
is  located  at  Fourth  and  Poplar  Streets.  The  four-story  main  building 
is  constructed  of  reinforced  concrete,  know^n  as  the  "Mushroom"  Sys- 
tem of  that  construction  idea.  The  main  manufacturing  building  is  sixty 
by  one  hundred  and  fifty  feet  in  size  with  a  brick  and  concrete  cold 
storage  addition  at  the  rear,  eighty  by  forty  feet,  and  of  the  same  height 
as  the  other,  making  the  entire  building  one  hundred  feet  wide  in  the 
rear.  This  building  was  erected  after  a  personal  inspection  of  all  build- 
ings for  similar  purposes  to  be  found  in  the  United  States. 

A  tour  of  inspection  of  the  new  plant  shows  it  to  be  a  marvel  as  to 
the  magnitude  of  output  here  made  possible.  Within  its  walls  the  IMans- 
field  Company  is  enabled  to  take  care  of  between  five  and  six  tons  of 
its  famous  butter  every  working  day  in  the  year,  while  at  the  same  time 
and  in  the  departments  devoted  to  that  work  the  company  here  had 
modern  machinery  which  has  a  capacity  for  freezing  and  properly  keep- 
ing five  thousand  gallons  of  ice-cream  a  day.  In  the  basement  is  modern 
refrigerating  and  ice-making  machinery,  which  manufactures  and 
handles  twenty  tons  of  ice  a  day,  and  refrigerates  the  entire  plant. 

In  the  Mansfield  plant  every  precaution  and  safeguard  is  taken  for 
sanitation  and  the  observance  of  the  rules  of  hygiene.  The  offices  have 
been  equipped  with  no  less  care  than  the  plant,  and  every  convenience 
has  been  installed  for  the  comfort  and  convenience  of  the  army  of  em- 
ployees. The  presence  of  such  an  enterprise  adds  materially  to  the  pres- 
tige of  Milwaukee  as  a  manufacturing  center,  and  its  officers  are  men 
widely  known  in  the  business  world.    George  D.  Mansfield  is  now  presi- 


(Jy    0    o&cr^l^ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1395 

dent,  ti-easurer  and  general  manager;  Fred  C.  Mansfield  of  Johnson 
Creek  is  vice  president,  and  Arthur  Graszel  of  Jefferson,  Wisconsin,  is 
secretary,  the  business  being  practically  a  family  enterprise.  The  capital 
and  surplus  now  amounts  to  $300,000.  In  addition  to  the  well  known 
Jersey  brand  of  butter,  and  the  famous  Mansfield  pasteurized  ice-cream, 
the  company  handles  the  finest  selected  eggs,  where  the  public  cold  stor- 
age is  doing  a  constantly  increasing  business,  two  hundred  carloads  of 
this  produce  being  handled  yearly,  as  well  as  the  product  of  thirty-five 
creameries.  The  company  holds  membership  in  the  Business  j\Ien's 
League  and  the  Merchants  &  Manufacturers  Association  of  Milwaukee. 

Mr.  George  D.  jMansfield  is  a  Republican  in  national  politics,  but  has 
never  aspired  to  office,  his  only  public  service  being  when  he  acted  in  the 
capacity  of  mayor  of  Edgerton.  He  is  an  active  member  of  the  Civic 
Committee  and  of  the  Merchants'  and  Manufacturers'  Association, 
belongs  to  ihe  Travelers '  Protective  League,  has  a  life  membership  in  the 
Illinois  Athletic  Association  of  Chicago,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the 
Milwaukee  Athletic  Club.  He  is  not  a  member  of  any  religious  denom- 
ination, but  has  been  liberal  in  his  support  of  the  movements  of  the 
Lutheran  church,  to  which  his  wife  and  children  belong. 

On  April  25,  1889,  Mr.  Mansfield  was  married  at  Johnson  Creek,  Wis- 
consin to  Miss  Hulda  Amelia  Geesa,  who  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Farming- 
ton  township,  three  miles  from  Johnson  Creek,  a  daughter  of  Louis  and 
Amelia  (Schutz)  Geesa,  natives  of  German}^  who  were  early  settlers  of 
Johnson  Creek.  For  some  time  Mr.  Geesa  conducted  the  old  Union  House, 
but  subsequently  moved  to  Wittenberg,  Wisconsin,  where  he  conducted  a 
sawmill  until  his  death.  His  widow  passed  away  at  Jefi^erson,  Wiscon- 
sin, at  the  home  of  a  younger  daughter.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  ^Mansfield  have 
two  beautiful  daughters:  Ethel  Catherine,  born  in  Chicago,  Illinois,  a 
graduate  of  the  Fort  Atkinson  high  school,  for  one  year  attended  Mil- 
waukee-Downer College,  and  graduated  from  the  University  of  Wiscon- 
sin in  June,  1913;  and  Esther  Amelia,  born  at  Edgerton,  Wisconsin,  a 
graduate  of  the  East  Division  high  school  of  Milwaukee,  spent  one  year 
at  Milwaukee-Downer  College  and  one  year  at  the  ^Milwaukee  State 
Normal,  and  is  now  a  member  of  the  class  of  1916  in  the  Univez'sity  of 
Wisconsin.  Both  girls  belong  to  the  Alphi  Phi  Sorority,  and  Miss  Ethel 
was  the  stewardess  of  that  organization. 

A.  Clarke  Dodge.  To  the  members  of  no  one  family  have  the  thriv- 
ing little  city  of  Monroe,  and  the  county  of  Green,  owed  more  for 
their  substantial  development,  their  civic  and  social  welfare,  than  to 
the  Dodge  family,  one  of  whose  prominent  members  was  the  late 
Joseph  T.  Dodge,  and  still  living  and  active  in  the  citizenship  of  the 
locality  is  A.  Clarke  Dodge,  who  for  virtually  half  a  century  has 
been  one  of  the  most  resourceful  and  public-spirited  citizens  of  the 


139G  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

county.  His  influeuce  has  touched  many  movements  and  measures 
that  have  conserved  the  civic  and  material  prosperity,  and  he  is  still 
the  executive  head  of  the  Dodge  Lumber  Company,  of  which  he  was 
the  founder.  Through  service  in  various  positions  of  public  trust  he 
has  likewise  been  one  of  the  upbuilders  of  Monroe,  and  it  is  as  a 
l^ioneer,  a  business  leader  of  splendid  ability  as  an  organizer,  and  as 
an  honored  and  useful  citizen  that  this  name  is  introduced  to  the 
readers  of  this  publication. 

A.  Clarke  Dodge  comes  from  the  staunehest  New  England  colonial 
stock.  The  first  of  the  name  to  locate  in  America  came  from  England 
in  1629.  During  the  successive  generations  many  of  the  famil}^  rela- 
tionship have  contributed  no  unimportant  services  in  the  development 
of  New  England,  and  there  were  soldiers  of  the  name  in  the  Continental 
line  during  the  War  of  the  Revolution.  Mr.  A.  C.  Dodge  was  reared 
to  the  sturdy  discipline  of  a  New  England  farm,  early  learned  the 
dignity  and  value  of  honest  labor,  and  throughout  his  long  and  active 
career  has  exemplified  the  best  traditions  of  the  old  Green  Mountain 
State,  which  he  is  proud  to  state  as  the  place  of  his  nativitj'. 

At  Barre,  Washington  county,  Vermont,  A.  C.  Dodge  was  born 
November  6,  1834.  In  his  seventy-ninth  year  he  is  one  of  the  venerable 
citizens  of  Monroe,  and  has  a  retrospect  of  many  long  and  useful  years. 
He  is  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Lorenda  (Thompson)  Dodge,  who  spent  all 
their  lives  in  Vermont,  where  the  father  was  a  substantial  farmer,  a 
man  of  prominence  and  influence  in  his  community.  Up  to  the  age  of 
twenty  A.  C.  Dodge  lived  on  the  home  farm,  and  contributed  his  labor 
to  its  cultivation,  in  the  meantime  availing  himself  of  the  advantages 
of  the  common  schools.  He  also  took  a  course  in  the  Barre  Academy, 
of  which  Jacob  S.  Spaulding,  LL.  D.,  was  then  president.  He  was 
eight  years  old  when  his  father  sold  the  old  homestead,  which  had  been 
the  family  residence  for  more  than  twenty  year«,  and  bought  a  place 
of  two  hundred  acres  nearer  the  southeast  corner  of  the  same  town,  in 
Washington  county.  With  the  increase  of  the  farm  area,  additional 
demands  were  placed  upon  ail  members  of  the  family,  and  as  A.  Clarke 
was  the  oldest  of  those  still  remaining  under  the  parental  roof,  he 
had  plenty  of  occupation  both  for  mind  and  hands.  There  was  also 
no  lack  of  vitalizing  influence  to  ([uicken  his  ambition,  and  before  he 
reached  his  majority  he  had  definitely  determined  to  seek  his  fortune 
in  the  Avest.  In  the  fall  of  1854,  the  farm  just  mentioned  having  been 
sold,  Mr.  Dodge  left  Vermont  and  went  west.  After  a  short  time  in 
Chicago,  he  came  on  to  Wisconsin,  and  joined  the  engineering  corps 
at  the  head  of  which  was  his  brother,  engaged  in  work  on  what  is  now 
the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad.  He  also  found  employ- 
ment in  bridge  building  and  at  farm  work,  and  spent  several  years 
as  a  teacher,  being  for  three  years  in  the  village  of  Monroe.  Later  he 
looked  after  his  brother's  planing  mill  at  ]\[onroe,  and  in  1865,  when 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1397 

a  young  man  of  about  thirty,  engaged  in  the  lumber  business  at  Mon- 
roe. That  was  then  a  pioneer  village  in  a  little  developed  section  of 
the  state. 

During  the  many  years  which  have  elapsed  since  ^Ir.  Dodge  first 
came  to  know  Monroe,  he  has  been  continuously  connected  with  the 
retail  lumber  trade  in  Monroe,  and  his  operations  in  that  line  have 
been  of  constantly  broadening  scope  and  importance.  In  1881  he 
bought  of  his  brother  Joseph  an  interest  in  the  Monroe  Planing  Mill, 
and  thus  amplified  his  field  of  operations.  He  still  continues  one  of 
the  interested  members  of  the  Monroe  Planing  Mill  Company,  though 
the  active  management  of  this  plant  is  now  in  the  hands  of  his  older 
son,  Charles  S.  The  enterprise  was  first  established  in  1858,  and  its 
history  has  been  one  of  continuous  and  well-earned  success.  The 
business  gives  employment  to  a  force  of  about  fifteen  expert  work- 
men. Concerning  the  company  and  its  operations,  the  following  sen- 
tences from  a  previous  publication  are  quoted : 

' '  The  plant  occupies  several  lots  in  the  heart  of  the  city,  and  here 
are  located  the  office,  the  perfectly  equipped  saw  and  planing  mill, 
operated  by  steam  power,  and  ample  storage  sheds  for  lumber  and 
other  products  handled.  The  main  building  is  fifty  by  fifty  feet  in 
dimension,  is  a  substantial  brick  structure,  and  is  two  stories  in  height, 
besides  having  a  basement  that  is  fullj'  utilized.  The  company  manu- 
facture cheese  boxes,  staves,  windows,  doors,  screens,  mouldings,  all 
kinds  of  interior  finish,  etc.,  and  draw  a  trade  from  a  large  area  of 
the  count}' — in  fact,  the  company  are  prepared  fully  for  effective  con- 
tract work  in  this  and  neighboring  states.  A.  C.  Dodge  has  been  an 
honored  and  influential  citizen  of  Monroe  for  the  past  fifty  years, 
during  which  time  he  has  played  a  leading  part  in  enabling  Monroe 
to  meet  all  promises  of  commercial  supremacy." 

In  the  year  1865  Mr.  Dodge  founded  the  substantial  business  now 
conducted  under  the  corporate  title  of  the  Dodge  Lumber  Company, 
and  has  been  president  of  the  company  since  its  incorporation  in  1894. 
His  younger  son,  Lewis,  was  seeretarj^  and  treasurer  until  his  acci- 
dental death  in  1911.  The  Dodge  Lumber  Company  are  among  the 
heaviest  operators  in  lumber  in  this  part  of  the  state,  and  their  facili- 
ties for  conducting  the  business  represent  exceptional  advantages. 
The  lines  handled  include  lumber,  coal,  salt,  cement,  flour,  feed,  etc., 
and  the  large  stock  proves  adequate  to  meet  all  demands.  The  plant 
includes  some  nine  warehouses  and  coal  sheds,  besides  a  block  of  land 
for  lumber  storage.  Both  of  these  concerns  have  enjoyed  their  great 
success  largely  because  of  their  reputation  for  fair  and  honorable 
dealing,  the  best  of  commercial  assets. 

Practically  every  phase  of  community  activity  and  civic  advance- 
nieut  has  felt  the  influence  of  Mr.  Dodge.  While  a  busy  man  all  his 
career,  his  many  interests  absorbing  his  time  and  energy,  he  has  never 


1398  HISTORY  OF   WISCONSIN 

lacked  that  public  spirit  which  is  so  essential  to  the  continued  welfare 
of  any  democratic  community.  lu  addition  to  liis  local  activities  in 
Monroe,  he  has  owned  and  operated  a  fine  farm  since  1884,  a  i:)lace  of 
three  hundred  and  seventy  acres  in  Monroe  township.  His  farm  is 
especially  well  known  for  its  high  grade  live  stock,  and  in  many 
respects  is  a  model  place,  both  a  source  of  pride  and  of  profit  to  its 
owner. 

Mr.  Dodge  was  a  member  for  twenty-six  years  of  the  Monroe  Board 
of  Education.  For  twenty-one  years  of  this  time  he  Avas  president  of 
the  board.  No  one  has  been  more  interested,  nor  has  translated  his 
interest  in  the  more  practical  efforts  to  promote  the  cause  of  local 
education  than  Mr.  Dodge.  Eight  times  he  was  elected  a  member  of 
the  Board  of  Supervisors  of  Green  county,  and  five  times  served  as 
chairman  of  the  board.  In  1877  he  was  chairman  of  the  building 
committee  which  bought  the  present  county  poor  farm  and  erected  its 
excellent  buildings.  In  1886  he  was  chairman  of  the  Committee  of  the 
Board  of  Supervisors  that  erected  the  present  insane  asylum  of  the 
county,  an  institiition  of  a  superior  type,  and  a  matter  of  special  satis- 
faction to  all  those  concerned  about  the  public  institutions  of  the 
county.  In  1890  Mr.  Dodge  was  chairman  of  the  committee  which 
secured  plans  for  the  present  fine  courthouse,  and  was  secretary  of  the 
building  committee,  supervising  the  erection  of  that  structure.  While 
president  of  the  Board  of  Education,  Mr.  Dodge  took  the  lead  and 
really  became  instrumental  in  establishing  the  Monroe  Public  Library 
in  1872.  Since  that  time  his  personal  interests  and  means  have  prob- 
ably been  the  largest  single  influence  in  the  development  of  that 
institution  of  local  culture  and  education,  and  it  is  now  one  of  the 
best  libraries  to  be  found  in  any  Wisconsin  town  of  its  size,  receiving 
annual  appropriations  from  the  board  of  education,  and  possessing  a 
large  collection  of  books. 

Mr.  Dodge  became  of  age  in  1855.  That  was  one  of  the  crucial 
years  in  the  political  history  of  America,  and  in  1856  the  Republican 
party  first  entered  the  national  field  with  candidates  for  the  offices  of 
the  national  government.  Mr.  Dodge  voted  for  John  C.  Fremont  in 
that  year,  and  has  voted  for  every  Republican  presidential  candidate 
down  to  William  Howard  Taft  in  1912.  He  has  been  more  than  a 
voter,  has  also  been  prominent  in  the  political  councils  of  his  party  in 
Wisconsin.  He  served  two  terms  in  the  lower  house  of  the  Wisconsin 
legislature,  elected  in  1898  and  again  in  1900.  In  1880  he  was  an 
alternate  delegate  from  Wisconsin  to  the  national  convention  in 
Chicago  that  nominated  GeneraT  Garfield,  was  a  delegate  to  the  con- 
vention of  1884  in  which  he  supported  James  G.  Blaine  as  standard 
bearer  of  the  party,  and  in  1888  was  a  presidential  elector  from  Wis- 
consin, casting  a  ballot  Avhich  contributed  to  the  placing  of  General 
Harrison  in  the  white  house. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1399 

On  November  4,  1860,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Dodge 
to  Miss  Sarah  E.  Kidder,  who  was  born  at  Liberty,  Ohio,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  Joseph  B.  Kidder.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dodge  have  had  three 
children,  mentioned  as  follows:  Charles  Sumner,  born  July  31,  1861, 
in  Rock  county,  Wisconsin;  Flora  E.,  born  February  25,  1874,  in 
Monroe,  and  now  living  at  home  with  her  father;  and  Lewis,  born 
August  13,  1877,  who  died  in  1911,  having  been  killed  in  an  accident 
and  having  been  for  several  years  previously  secretary  and  treasurer 
of  the  Dodge  Lumber  Company.  Mrs.  Dodge  died  of  pneumonia, 
April  15,  1911. 

Joseph  T.  Dodge.  Few  men  M^ere  more  prominently  identified  Avith 
railway  building  in  the  west  than  was  the  late  Joseph  Thompson 
Dodge,  who  was  a  pioneer  in  this  all-important  domain  of  enterprise 
and  an  influential  factor  in  the  construction  of  several  early  railway 
lines  in  the  middle  west.  He  was  specially  prominent  in  the  develop- 
ment of  railroads  in  Wisconsin,  and  achieved  a  high  reputation  as  a 
civil  engineer.  He  had  charge  of  the  location  and  construction  of  the 
line  that  resulted  in  great  benefit  to  the  now  thriving  little  city  of 
Monroe,  in  Green  county,  and  altogether  was  one  of  the  strong  and 
resourceful  men  who  contributed  much  to  the  early  progress  of  Wis- 
consin. 

Joseph  Thompson  Dodge,  who  died  at  Madison,  on  Fel^ruary  6, 
1904,  was  born  in  the  southeastern  part  of  Barre  township,  Washing- 
ton county,  Vermont,  May  16,  1823.  His  parents,  Joseph  and  Adubah 
(Thompson)  Dodge,  spent  their  entire  lives  in  the  Green  Mountain 
state,  and  represented  good  old  colonial  stock.  The  late  Mr.  Dodge 
in  the  latter  years  of  his  life  gave  much  time  and  labor  to  the  com- 
pilation and  publication  of  a  Avork  to  Avhich  he  gave  the  title  ' '  Geneal- 
ogy of  the  Dodge  Family." 

Reared  as  a  New  England  farmer  boy,  Mr.  Dodge  early  acquired 
a  definite  ambition  to  exercise  his  powers  of  mind  and  body  to  the 
furthest  possibilities,  and  his  early  inclinations  were  for  constructive 
enterprises.  In  a  district  school  near  his  home  he  gained  a  rudi- 
mentary education,  later  studied  under  a  private  instructor,  a  well- 
educated  woman  whose  services  Avere  given  for  a  dollar  and  twenty- 
five  cents  a  week,  board  included,  that  fact  being  mentioned  as  shoAV- 
ing  the'  meager  wages  paid  for  first-class  instruction  in  that  period. 
By  close  application  and  much  private  study,  Mr.  Dodge  gained  a 
really  liberal  education.  He  qualified  as  a  teacher,  and  earned  the 
money  for  his  expenses  Avhile  a  student  of  historic  old  Dartmouth 
College,  AAdiere  he  spent  one  year  and  Avas  graduated  three  years  later 
from  the  University  of  Vermont  with  an  excellent  technical  knoAvl- 
edge  of  civil  engineering.  Two  weeks  after  graduation  he  found 
work  as  a  civil  engineer,  under  the  president  of  the  Vermont  Central 


1400  HISTOEY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Railroad.  Gov.  Paiue,  of  Xorthfield,  Vermont,  his  employer,  was 
considered  a  tyrant  in  his  demands  upon  those  employed  in  that  de- 
partment, yet  he  was  not  lacking  in  appreciation  of  the  character  and 
efforts  of  those  who  did  faithful  and  effective  work.  Mr.  Dodge  at 
first  got  only  a  dollar  and  a  quarter  a  day,  and  had  to  pay  his  OAvn 
expenses.  After  two  months  he  was  made  assistant  engineer,  at  a 
salary  of  forty-five  dollars  a  month.  In  1847  he  was  transferred  to 
the  Eoxbury  and  Northfield  division  of  the  railroad  system,  and  con- 
tinued in  that  service  until  completing  the  work  in  1849.  Later  he 
made  a  preliminary  survey  for  the  people  between  Montpelier  and 
Bradford,  Vermont. 

In  September,  1849,  Mr.  Dodge  came  west.  At  that  time  there 
was  not  a  complete  line  of  railway  existing  between  the  east  central 
states  and  Chicago,  and  he  made  part  of  his  journey  by  stage,  a  part 
on  steamboat  over  Lake  Champlain,  went  by  canal  boat  and  railway 
to  the  state  of  New^  York,  took  a  steamboat  across  Lake  Erie  to  Mich- 
igan, and  journeyed  from  Detroit  or  perhaps  from  Monroe,  Michigan, 
over  what  is  now  the  Michigan  Central,  as  far  as  the  eastern  shore  of 
Lake  Michigan,  and  thence  arrived  in  Chicago  bj'  way  of  boat.  Con- 
tinuing his  journey  to  St.  Louis,  where  he  arrived  December  24,  1849, 
he  found  a  position  as  assistant  to  the  county  engineer  of  St.  Louis 
county,  S.  B.  IMoulton.  Later  he  became  a  member  of  an  engineering 
corps  in  the  service  of  the  Illinois  Central  Railway  Company,  and 
thus  continued  from  September,  1850,  until  October  of  the  following 
year.  Another  point  that  may  be  mentioned  from  his  early  experi- 
ence as  illustrating  the  progress  of  the  country  and  railway  construc- 
tion since  those  early  years.  "While  with  the  Illinois  Ceuti*al  Railway 
Company  he  had  the  supervision  of  the  task  of  laying  the  first  T-rails 
ever  put  to  use  in  the  state  of  Illinois,  all  other  lines  in  that  state 
still  using  the  primitive  strap-rails.  Mr.  Dodge  next  became  an 
assistant  in  the  construction  of  plank  roads  in  St.  Louis  county, 
Missouri,  and  then  found  service  in  construction  contracts  along  the 
line  of  the  Missouri  Pacific  Railroad. 

On  April  5,  1853,  Mr.  Dodge  took  the  place  of  assistant  to  E.  H. 
Brodhead  of  Milwaukee,  one  of  the  leading  civil  engineers  of  his  time. 
Later  Mr.  Dodge  became  engineer  of  the  Milwaukee  &  Mississippi 
Railroad  Company,  the  line  of  which  had  been  constructed  as  far  as 
Milton  in  Rock  county.  Under  his  active  personal  supervision  the 
line  was  extended  from  Stoughton  to  Madison.  In  the  summer  of 
1854  he  assisted  in  locating  the  line  from  Madison  to  Prairie  du  Chien, 
"Wis.,  a  distance  of  100  miles.  In  1855  Mr.  Dodge  located  the  line 
from  Janesville  to  Monroe,  "Wisconsin,  and  in  1856  and  1857  had 
charge  of  building  the  road.  From  August,  1863,  until  December  of 
the  following  year,  Mr.  Dodge  was  principal  assistant  engineer  of 
the  same  railroad  company,  located  at  Mendota,  ^Minnesota,  the  line 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1401 

then  being  under  construction  from  Minneapolis  to  Faribault.  In 
March,  1871,  he  was  appointed  chief  engineer  of  the  system,  and  early 
in  the  following  year  was  made  chief  engineer  of  the  Hastings  and 
Dakota  railroad.  All  of  this  service  was  in  the  employ  of  the 
Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad  Company,  with  the  develop- 
ment of  which  great  system  he  thus  had  an  important  part. 

He  bought  the  Planing  Mill  property  in  Monroe  in  the  Spring  of 
1877  and  left  the  property  in  charge  of  his  brother,  A.  C.  Dodge,  and 
soon  thereafter  went  south  to  survey  the  battle-fields  of  Gen.  Sherman 
from  Chattanooga  to  Atlanta,  and  preparing  maps  for  the  "War  De- 
partment. For  assistance  he  had  a  Captain  and  a  squad  of  soldiers 
detailed  from  the  regular  army,  he  being  the  only  civilian,  and  spent 
a  year  in  making  the  survey.  He  possessed  the  finest  qualities  of 
integrity  and  honor,  so  that  he  enjoyed  the  esteem  of  his  fellow  men 
in  every  relation  of  life. 

Mr.  Dodge  was  appointed  chief  engineer  of  construction  of  the  St. 
Paul,  Minneapolis  and  Manitoba  Railway  in  the  spring  of  1879.  The 
work  of  this  year  was  the  location  and  construction  of  a  railroad 
from  Alexandria  to  Barnesville,  Minn.,  a  distance  of  76  miles.  An 
expensive  bridge  was  constructed  across  the  Red  River  of  the  North 
at  Grand  Forks,  Dakota. 

In  1880  Mr.  Dodge  was  appointed  by  Frederick  Billings,  the  pres- 
ident of  the  N.  P.  R.  R.,  to  take  charge  of  the  location  of  the  Yellow- 
stone division,  from  Glendive  to  now  Livingston,  Montana,  a  distance 
of  340  miles.  The  Yellowstone  Valley  was  reached  by  stage  line  from 
Bismarck  to  Miles  City,  nearly  300  miles.  This  time  was  only  four 
years  previous  to  the  Custer  massacre  on  a  tributary  of  the  Yel- 
lowstone. Mr.  Dodge  made  his  first  examination  in  February,  going 
by  stage,  wagon  and  horseback.  In  February,  Mr.  Dodge  made  his 
first  examination  of  the  route  on  which  he  was  expected  to  place 
engineering  parties  in  the  Spring.  A  report  of  the  character  of  the 
work  and  an  estimate  of  its  probable  cost  had  to  be  made.  In  March 
men,  outfits  and  supplies  were  gotten  together  and  in  April  Mr.  Dodge 
started  across  the  unsettled  country,  with  nine  wagons  loaded  with 
camp  equipment  and  supplies  from  Bismarck  to  the  Yellowstone 
River,  and  by  the  end  of  the  year  this  340  miles  of  the  road  was 
located  and  ready  for  grading. 

The  following  year,  1881,  Mr.  Dodge  was  put  in  charge  of  the 
location  of  the  Rocky  Mountain  division,  over  the  main  range  of 
the  Rockies  and  some  fifty  miles  down  the  western  slope,  and  covering 
about  two  hundred  miles,  and  the  most  difficult  to  locate  and  construct 
of  any  part  of  the  N.  P.  R.  R.  There  were  two  mountain  ranges  to 
cross  and  three  tunnels  to  go  through,  Boseman,  3,610  feet  long, 
through  the  Belt  range,  and  Mullan,  3,885  feet,  through   the  Main 


1402  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

range,  and  '"Ii-on  Ridge,"  640  feet,   and  many  trestles   (one  98  feet 
high)  were  built. 

lu  1885  Mr.  Dodge  was  made  chief  engineer  of  the  Montana 
Central  R.  R.  The  location  and  construction  of  this  road  between 
Great  Falls  and  Butte,  171  miles,  was  in  some  respects  Mr.  Dodge's 
greatest  engineering  work.  That  Mr.  Dodge  had  great  engineering 
skill  and  ability  is  demonstrated  bj^  the  great  problems  he  so  bril- 
liantly solved,  and  his  genius  as  an  engineer  was  known  and  appre- 
ciated by  railway  men  of  affairs. 

Rensselaer  L.  Meader.  As  a  business  builder  few  Eau  Claire  citi- 
zens have  a  record  that  compares  favorably  with  that  of  Mr.  Meader.  In 
a  number  of  ways  his  name  is  identified  with  the  business  history  of  this 
section  of  Wisconsin,  Avhere  he  has  spent  the  greater  part  of  his  active 
career.  I\lr.  Meader  is  a  man  of  self -attainments,  who  began  at  the  bot- 
tom in  business  and  by  his  industry  and  applied  ability  has  fought  his 
way  to  recognition  as  a  leader  and  has  acquired  all  the  elements  of  sub- 
stantial support. 

Rensselaer  L.  Meader  was  born  in  Hesper,  Winneshiek  county,  Iowa, 
October  30,  1871.  He  was  the  third  in  a  family  of  four  children  born 
to  August  H.  and  Abbie  L.  (Lamb)  Meader.  The  father  was  a  native 
of  Indiana  and  from  that  state,  when  he  was  a  young  man,  located  in 
Winneshiek  county,  Iowa,  where  he  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock 
raising,  and  subsequently  moved  to  Mabel,  Minnesota,  where  he  spent 
his  last  days  retired.  He  was  a  substantial  business  man  and  a  good 
citizen,  whose  public  spirit  was  always  manifest  when  required  for 
united  helpfulness  in  his  community.  The  mother  was  born  in  New 
York  state,  and  is  now  living  at  the  age  of  sixty-four  years.  The  parents 
were  married  in  Hesper,  Iowa,  and  of  their  four  children  the  first  two 
were  twins,  Margaret  and  May,  the  first  dying  in  infancy,  and  the  latter 
in  1907,  as  the  wife  of  Edward  Johnson.  The  third  child  was  the  Eau 
Claire  business  man,  and  the  youngest  was  Lucj^  the  wife  of  Ray  Harvey. 

Mr.  R.  L.  Meader  attained  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Hes- 
per, and  when  still  a  young  man  obtained  a  place  as  clerk  in  a  general 
merchandise  store  at  Bloomer,  Wisconsin,  where  he  spent- one  year  and 
then  moved  to  Drummond  in  this  state.  In  1892  he  became  shipping 
clerk  for  the  Eau  Claire  Grocery  Company,  and  was  connected  with  that 
firm  for  a  number  of  years,  during  which  time  he  laid  a  solid  foundation 
for  his  subsequent  business  success.  In  1896,  he  resigned  his  position 
as  traveling  salesman  for  the  company,  and  located  at  Neillsville,  Wis- 
consin, where  he  established  a  retail  grocery  business  of  his  own,  and 
conducted  it  with  fair  success  until  1898.  He  then  transferred  his  busi- 
ness enterprise  to  Eau  Claire,  where  he  resumed  the  retail  grocery  trade 
and  conducted  a  prosperous  store  in  this  city,  until  1904.    At  that  date 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1403 

he  established  the  wholesale  confectionery  business  with  which  his  name 
has  since  been  associated. 

Mr.  Header  has  been  honored  with  election  to  the  city  council  from 
the  Third  Ward  for  one  term,  and  fraternally  is  affiliated  with  the  Mas- 
ons, the  Elks  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  In  politics  he  is  a  Republican. 
On  December  IS,  1900,  he  married  Miss  Louise  E.  Eilert,  who  was  born 
in  Neillsville,  Clark  county,  Wisconsin.  The  three  children  born  of  their 
marriage,  and  now  comprising  the  happy  home  circle  at  Eau  Claire,  are 
John  Lawrence,  Ernest  Eilert  and  Rensselaer. 

August  Friedrich  Frank.  The  late  August  Friedrich  Frank,  in 
whose  death,  November  26,  1886,  the  city  of  Milwaukee  lost  one  of  its 
most  successful  drygoods  merchants,  was  born  May  7,  1821,  in  Ober- 
gimpern.  Province  of  Baden,  Germany,  as  the  son  of  the  Lutheran  min- 
ister, Jolianu  Heiurich  Frank.  After  a  thorough  education  in  the  parish 
school  of  his  native  town  under  the  guidance  of  his  father  he  entered 
the  mercantile  calling  as  apprentice  in  various  cities  of  his  native  state, 
until  he  received  a  good  appointment  as  ' '  eommis  voy ageur ' '  in  the  firm 
of  August  Knapp  &  Sons,  Reutliugeu,  Wurtemberg,  well-known  manu- 
facturers of  cloths,  Avhere  he  remained  five  years.  In  this  capacity  he 
gained  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  commercial  traveler,  laying  the  foun- 
dation for  his  future  successful  career  in  America. 

The  unbearable  political  conditions  of  the  revolutionary  period  in 
Germany  induced  him  to  emigrate  to  America  in  July,  1850,  accomj^anied 
by  his  married  sister,  her  husband,  Edward  Barek,  and  an  unmarried 
sister.  They  had  been  advised  to  settle  in  Michigan  on  a  farm  ten  miles 
west  of  Saginaw  City.  Like  thousands  of  their  countrymen  they  were 
called  upon  to  lead  the  strenuous  life  of  the  pioneer,  bringing  the  virgin 
soil  under  cultivation,  a  life  full  of  hardships-,  not  much  to  the  taste 
of  the  cultured  European.  Discouraged  by  the  unaccustomed  manual 
labor,  the  young  German-American  eagerly  accepted  an  opportunity  to 
engage  in  the  mercantile  vocation  in  Milwaukee,  entering  into  a  partner- 
ship with  Mr.  Julius  Goll,  of  the  dry  goods  firm  of  Goll  &  Stern,  ]\Ir. 
Henry  Stern,  the  former  partner  retiring.  This  was  the  foundation  of 
the  firm  of  Goll  &  Frank,  July  3,  1852,  which  was  to  develop  into  one 
of  the  largest  establishments  of  its  kind  in  the  Northwest.  On  July  18th 
of  the  same  year,  ]\Ir.  Frank  was  married  to  Veronika  Kerler,  of  Mem- 
mingen,  Germany,  who  had  emigrated  to  America  with  her  father  in 
1849,  residing  on  a  farm  nine  miles  west  of  Milwaukee.  The  result  of 
this  union  was  eight  children,  three  of  whom  are  now  living:  John  H., 
Dr.  Louis  Frederick,  both  of  Milwaukee;  and  August,  Jr.,  of  Racine. 
After  the  death  of  his  first  wife,  February  28,  1864,  Mr.  Frank  was  mar- 
ried to  Bertha  Hueflfner,  of  Racine,  and  one  child  of  this  union  still  sur- 
vives, Julius  0.,  vice  president  of  the  Goll  &  Frank  Company. 

The  young  firm  of  Goll  &  Frank  began  to  thrive  from  the  very  begin- 


1404  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

ning,  this  beiug  due  to  conservative  methods,  careful  utilization  of  advan- 
tageous opportunities,  close  application  and  economy.  The  partnership 
was  a  most  harmonious  and  well-matched  one,  Mr.  Goll  being  well  known 
as  an  excellent,  far-seeing  financier  and  Mv.  Frank  as  a  keen  observer 
of  human  nature  and  applying  his  thorough  knowledge  of  business 
methods  acquired  in  Europe.  Not  inclined,  like  the  American  business 
man,  to  attempt  to  win  a  fortune  at  one  stroke  by  hazardous  speculation, 
they  followed  the  long,  but  reliable  course  which  offered  no  chances  of 
sudden  fluctuations  or  reverses. 

The  new  firm  of  Goll  &  Frank  located  at  what  is  now  447  East  Water 
street,  and  occupied  the  first  floor  of  the  20x100  ft.  building,  the  upper 
floors  being  used  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Frank  as  their  home.  The  firm  owned 
a  horse  and  wagon  and  frequent  trips  into  the  neighboring  counties  were 
undertaken  by  the  young  partner.  In  1855,  to  accommodate  their  in- 
creasing trade,  the  store  known  as  No.  463  East  Water  street  was  rented. 
In  1860  they  moved  into  their  third  store,  No.  443  East  Water  street. 
With  keen  foresight,  the  advance  of  the  markets  at  the  breaking  out  of 
the  Civil  war  was  noted  and  heavy  purchases  made,  a  venture  proving 
judicious  and  profitable,  establishing  a  good  credit  and  reputation  for 
sound  business  discretion.  The  retail  portion  of  the  business  was  now 
separated  from  the  wholesale  and  placed  in  charge  of  ^Ir.  J.  H.  Hantzsch, 
at  the  corner  of  Third  and  Prairie  streets.  Again  the  rapidly  increasing 
business  compelled  the  firm,  in  1863,  to  purchase  the  store  building 
known  as  Nos.  261  and  263  East  Water  street.  In  June,  1872,  this  build- 
ing was  struck  by  lightning,  causing  so  much  damage  that  the  store  had 
to  be  rebuilt  with  increased  accommodations.  Gradually  more  ground 
was  added  until  1896,  when  all  the  buildings  were  torn  down  and  the 
present  massive,  ornate  and  excellently  appointed  structure  known  as 
Nos.  255  to  265  East  Water  street  was  erected.  This  plan  was  devised 
and  carried  out  by  the  junior  members  of  the  firm  soon  after  the  death 
of  Messrs.  Julius  Goll  and  August  Frank,  during  a  time  of  general 
depression,  when  it  took  courage  to  put  money  into  any  undertaking. 
But  they  placed  faith  in  the  growth  and  future  of  ]\Iilwaukee  and  the 
great  Northwest  and  the  building  will  long  stand  as  a  fitting  monument 
to  the  founders  of  the  firm. 

On  January  1,  1885,  the  firm  was  changed  into  a  corporation,  under 
the  name  of  the  Goll  &  Frank  Company,  with  a  capital  of  $250,000, 
which  in  1897  was  increased  to  $500,000.  The  present  directors  are  as 
follows:  Fred  T.  Goll,  Julius  O.  Frank,  Oscar  Loeffler  and  Dr.  Louis  F. 
Frank. 

Mr.  Julius  Goll  died  January  1,  1896,  of  heart  trouble,  and  Mr. 
August  Frank  suddenly  of  apoplexy,  November  26,  1886,  on  the  North 
German  Lloyd  steamer  Alter,  as  he  returned  from  a  European  trip  with 
his  wife  and  two  sons.  In  summarizing  this  short  biographical  sketch 
of  Mr.  August  Frank,  it  is  fitting  to  include  that  of  Mr.  Julius  Goll.  his 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1405 

friend  and  faithful  eo-worker  for  thirty-five  years.  Neither  of  them 
ever  aspired  to  political  honors,  attending  strictly  to  business  and 
refraining  from  speculation.  They  were  endowed  with  a  liberal  spirit, 
ever  ready  to  contribute  to  all  charitable  and  educational  work.  Their 
family  lives  were  exemplary,  As  men  of  culture  and  refinement  they 
delighted  in  literary  pleasures,  especially  Mr.  Goll,  whose  linguistic 
attainments  enabled  him  to  read  the  best  treasures  of  the  English,  Ger- 
man and  French  literature  in  the  original,  while  Mr.  Frank's  jovial 
nature  inclined  more  to  sociability,  love  of  nature  and  German  "Ge- 
muethlichkeit, "  which  made  him  "a  prince  of  a  host." 

' '  Shallow  men  believe  in  luck,  believe  in  circumstances ; 

"Strong  men  believe  in  cause  and  effect." 

• — ^Emerson. 

Louis  Frederick  Frank,  M.  D.  It  is  not  usual  for  one  to  find,  in  a 
city  as  full  of  men  ambitious  to  reach  still  greater  successes,  whether 
in  business  or  in  public  or  professional  life,  as  ]\Iilwaukee  undoubtedly 
is,  one  who  is  content  with  the  rewards  which  years  of  assiduous 
endeavor  have  brought  him  in  respect  to  fortune,  and  is  willing  to 
devote  a  large  portion  of  his  energy,  while  yet  his  powers  are  undimin- 
ished, to  the  cultivation  of  music  and  literature  for  the  perfection  of  his 
own  life  and  for  the  welfare  of  the  community  in  which  he  has  made 
his  home.  Yet  rare  as  is  the  combination,  it  is  exemplified  in  the  career 
of  Dr.  Louis  Frederick  Frank,  which  it  is  the  intention  of  the  biographer 
briefly  and  all  too  inadequately,  to  sketch. 

Doctor  Frank  is  a  native  son  of  Milwaukee,  and  was  born  April  15, 
1857,  a  son  of  August  and  Veronika  (Kerler)  Frank.  A  member  of  a 
pioneer  German-American  family,  he  is  descended  from  Pastor  Frank 
a  wise,  broad-minded,  strong  and  lovable  man,  a  veteran  of  the  German 
struggle  for  freedom  in  1814,  and  a  graduate  of  the  University  of  Jena. 
After  serving  as  vicar  in  various  parishes.  Pastor  Frank  accepted  a  call 
to  Dietlingen,  in  1840,  and  there  continued  to  live  and  to  labor  until  his 
death  in  1864.  Two  of  his  daughters  continued  to  reside  in  Germany, 
one,  Bertha,  becoming  the  wife  of  Pastor  Foerster,  at  Ittlingen,  and  the 
youngest  child,  Mathilde,  marrying  a  Mr.  Seyffardt,  a  wealthy  merchant 
at  Crefeld  on  the  Rhine.  Two  daughters  came  to  America,  and  with 
their  husbands,  Barck  and  Seyffardt,  led  the  life  of  actual  pioneers  on 
the  Titibawassee  river,  near  Saginaw,  Michigan.  August  Frank,  the 
second  son,  accompanied  his  sisters  to  the  United  States  and  became  the 
father  of  Dr.  Louis  F.  Frank ;  Ernst,  the  youngest  son,  came  to  America 
and  was  engaged  in  business  in  Louisville,  New  York  and  Milwaukee, 
and  was  a  resident  of  Bay  City,  Michigan  until  his  death  in  December, 
1913 ;  while  Heinrich  Frank,  the  oldest  son,  after  twelve  years  of  advent- 
urous life  in  strange  lands,  came  to  America  and  settled  on  a  Michigan 
farm,  spending  the  closing  years  of  his  life  on  a  farm  near  Milwaukee. 


1406  IIJ  STORY  OF  AVISCONSIN 

August  Friedrich  Frank,  sou  of  Pastor  Frank,  and  father  of  Dr. 
Louis  F.  Frank,  was  born  May  7,  1821,  in  Obergimpern,  Province  of 
Baden,  Germany,  and  there  received  a  thorough  education  in  the  parish 
school  under  the  preceptorship  of  his  father.  He  entered  the  mercan- 
tile trade  as  an  apprentice,  and  when  he  had  thoroughly  mastered  his 
vocation  secured  an  excellent  position  as  "commis  voyageur"  in  the 
firm  of  August  Knapp  &  Sons,  Reutlingen,  Wuerttemberg.  The  strug- 
gle for  political  independence  in  his  native  land  in  1850,  caused  Mr, 
Frank  to  seek  a  new  field  of  endeavor,  and  accordingly  in  July  of  that 
year  he  landed  in  the  United  States  and  came  directly  to  a  Michigan 
farm,  ten  miles  west  of  Saginaw  City.  With  the  life  of  an  agricultur- 
ist, however,  he  was  not  satisfied,  and  when  the  opportunity  came  he 
again  entered  mercantile  life,  this  time  as  partner  v\'ith  Mr.  Julius  Goll, 
of  the  firm  of  Goll  &  Stern,  Mr.  Henry  Stern,  the  former  partner,  retir- 
ing. On  July  3,  1852,  was  formed  the  firm  of  Goll  &  Frank,  which  was 
destined  to  become  one  of  the  largest  establishments  of  its  kind  in  the 
Northwest.  Beginning  in  a  humble  manner,  it  grew  steadily  until  the 
outbreak  of  the  Civil  war,  when,  through  the  foresight  of  the  partners 
the  business  leaped  into  the  forefront  of  Milwaukee  establishments, 
establishing  a  reputation  that  has  been  sustained  to  the  present  time. 
While  returning  from  a  European  trip  with  his  wife  and  two  sons,  Mr. 
Frank  suddenly  expired  of  apoplexy,  on  the  North  German  steamer 
AUer,  November  26,  1886.  His  partner  died  January  1,  1896,  biit  the 
business  that  they  founded,  now  known  as  the  Goll  &  Frank  Company, 
Inc.,  still  lives.  This  business  was  capitalized  in  1897  at  $500,000,  and 
its  present  directing  board  consists  of  the  following  members:  Fred  T. 
Goll,  Julius  0.  Frank,  Oscar  Loeffler  and  Dr.  Louis  F.  Frank.  Mr. 
Frank  was  essentially  a  business  man  and  never  sought  the  doubtful 
honors  of  the  political  arena.  A  man  of  jovial  natui'e  and  genial  person- 
ality, he  made  friends  wherever  he  became  known,  and  his  death  was 
widely  and  sincerely  mourned.  He  was  married  (first)  July  18,  1852, 
to  Veronika  Kerler,  of  Memmingen,  Germany,  and  eight  children  were 
born  to  their  union,  of  whom  three  are  living :  John  H.  and  Dr.  Louis 
F.,  of  Milwaukee;  and  Augiist,  Jr.,  of  Racine.  Mr.  Frank's  second  mar- 
riage was  to  Miss  Bertha  Hueffner,  of  Racine,  and  one  child  of  this 
union  still  survives :  Julius  0.,  a  resident  of  Milwaukee. 

Louis  Frederick  Frank  attended  the  parochial  schools  of  Grace 
church  and  the  Markham  (Milwaukee)  Academy,  from  the  latter  of 
which  he  was  graduated  in  1875.  He  began  the  study  of  medicine  at 
the  University  of  Michigan,  at  Ann  Arbor,  where  he  remained  two  years, 
following  which  he  passed  one  year  in  the  medical  department  of  the 
University  of  the  City  of  New  York,  being  graduated  therefrom  in  1878. 
Following  this,  Doctor  Frank  continued  his  studies  for  two  years  in 
Europe,  attending  the  universities  and  clinics  of  Wuerzburg,  (where  he 
received  the  title  of  Doctor  of  Medicine)  Berlin,  Vienna,  Paris  and  Lon- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1407 

clou.  Returiiing  to  his  native  city  iu  1880,  he  entered  upon  the  general 
practice  of  his  profession.  He  was  married  to  Miss  Emily  Inbusch, 
daughter  of  John  D.  Inbusch,  in  1881,  and  to  this  union  there  were  born 
three  children:  Edwin,  Elsa  and  Emily.  In  1890,  during  the  severe 
epidemic  of  influenza  in  this  city,  his  wife  died.  Doctor  Frank  then  left 
for  Europe  to  take  up  the  special  studj^  of  dermatology  with  Dr.  Paul 
Unna,  at  Hamburg,  Kaposi  at  Vienna  and  Fournier  at  Paris,  returning 
to  Milwaukee  in  the  fall  of  1891  and  devoting  his  professional  duties 
to  the  practice  of  dermatology.  In  1892  he  was  united  in  marriage  to 
IMiss  Ella  Schandein,  and  their  children  are  Armin  and  Louise. 

Doctor  Frank  is  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee  ^Medical  Society,  the  Mil- 
waukee County  Medical  Society,  the  State  Medical  Society  of  Wisconsin 
and  the  American  Medical  Association.  In  1893  he  served  as  president 
of  the  Milwaukee  City  body.  He  was  first  president  and  one  of  the 
organizers  of  the  Johnston  Emergency  Hospital,  and  in  1900  was  a  del- 
egate to  the  Pan-American  Medical  Congress  at  Havana,  and  numerous 
other  honors  have  been  conferred  upon  him  by  his  professional  brethren. 
He  is  a  man  of  studious  habits  and  is  universally  respected  for  the 
breadth  as  well  as  the  accuracy  of  his  knowledge.  His  learning  is  pro- 
found and  copious,  and  the  powers  of  his  mind  are  admirably  balanced 
and  have  been  severely  disciplined.  AVhile  the  prospect  of  inheriting 
a  liberal  fortune  frequently  saps  the  ambition  of  young  men  and  turns 
their  thoughts  toward  self-indulgence  and  idle  luxury,  here  is  one  born 
to  wealth  who  has  applied  his  vigorous  powers  to  a  laborious  and  respon- 
sible profession,  and,  not  content  with  such  abundant  labor, 'has  inter- 
ested himself  iu  the  welfare  of  his  kind,  in  stimulating  a  taste  for  art 
and  literature.  Aside  from  his  professional  duties.  Doctor  Frank  is 
especially  interested  in  the  art  of  music,  being  a  member  of  the  various 
musical  organizations  of  the  city  and  president  of  the  flourishing  Wis- 
consin Conservatory  of  Music.  An  amateur  musician  and  author  of  a 
number  of  widely-copied  articles  on  various  musical  subjects,  his  home 
is  adorned  by  an  artistic  music  room,  containing  a  pipe  organ  and 
grand  pianos,  in  which  eminent  artists  are  w^elcomed  on  their  visits  to 
]\Iilwaukee.  He  served  four  terms  as  president  of  the  ^lilwaukee  Mus- 
ical Society,  and  was  its  honorary  president  at  its  semi-centennial  cele- 
bration in  1900.  Doctor  Frank  is  widely  known  in  literary  circles,  and 
at  the  present  time  is  writing  a  history  of  the  Milwaukee  medical  profes- 
sion from  its  very  beginning.  Of  his  comprehensive  work  regarding  the 
pioneer  history  of  his  parents,  a  contemporary  critic  has  written :  ' '  The 
book  is  unique.  It  touches  a  phase  of  European  history  which  must  ever 
stir  the  heart  of  any  descendant  of  the  men  of  '48,  for  that  year  marks 
the  stormy  insurrection  in  Baden  and  the  Palatinate.  ...  A  volume 
had  'swam  into  my  ken'  that  must  be  prized  and  cherished  as  a  worthy 
memorial  of  German  labors  and  idealism  in  this  part  of  the  world.  This 
'liber  epistolarum'  is  in  many  respects  a  literary  and  historical  treasure. 
It  is  a  veritable  chapter  of  what  the  Germans  call  'culture-history.'  " 


1408  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Hon.  William  Pitt  Bartlett.  Now  living  in  Eau  Claire  at  the  age 
of  eighty-four,  Mr.  Bartlett  is  one  of  the  remarkable  pioneers  still  sur- 
viving the  passage  of  many  years  and  many  fruitful  experiences  in  this 
state.  He  A\as  one  of  the  first  settlers  at  Eau  Claire,  which  has  been  his 
home  for  more  than  fifty-five  years.  He  is  one  of  the  oldest,  if  not  the 
oldest,  representative  of  Masonry  in  this  state. 

Few  men,  even  in  so  long  a  lifetime,  have  greatei-  opportunities  for 
disinterested  service  in  behalf  of  the  public  welfare  than  have  come  to 
]\Ir.  Bartlett,  and  very  few  indeed  have  improved  such  opportunities 
with  greater  advantage  to  the  community  and  state,  and  with  more 
honor  to  themselves.  A  sketch  of  his  career  serves  to  exemplify  the  best 
qualities  which  have  characterized  the  oldest  citizenship  of  AVisconsin 
during  the  past  half  century,  and  among  the  older  citizens  none  more 
properly  deserve  a  place  in  this  present  work  than  the  Eau  Claire 
pioneer. 

William  Pitt  Bartlett  was  born  at  "Minot,  ]\Iaine,  September  13,  1829, 
being  the  eighth  in  a  family  of  eleven  children,  six  sons  and  five  daugh- 
ters, whose  parents  were  John  H.  and  Phebe  (Burbank)  Bartlett.  John 
H.  Bartlett,  the  father,  was  born  at  Elliott,  Maine,  January  9,  1789,  and 
in  1833  moved  to  New  Portland  in  that  state.  He  was  a  clothier  by  occu- 
pation, and  erected  a  clothing  and  carding  mill,  a  saw-mill,  a  grist  mill 
and  a  clover  mill  in  New  Portland.  For  a  number  of  years,  however,  he 
devoted  most  of  his  attention  to  lumbering  interests. 

William  Pitt  Bartlett  was  reared  in  the  atmosphere  of  a  typical  New 
England  home,  with  all  its  culture  and  its  high  principles  of  conduct 
and  character.  During  his  youth  the  portion  of  i\Iaine  in  which  he 
lived  was  sparsely  settled  and  opportunities  for  schooling  Avere  meagre. 
He  applied  himself  thoroughly  and  utilized  such  advantages  as  were 
given  him  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen  obtained  a  certificate  to  teach.  With 
money  earned  as  a  teacher,  he  paid  his  way  through  the  academy  of 
Parmington  and  Bloomfield,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty  entered  Water- 
ville  College,  which  has  since  become  the  well  known  Colby  College, 
where  he  was  graduated  after  a  full  college  course  in  1853.  One  of  his 
classmates  in  that  college  was  H.  M.  Plaisted,  who  subsequently  became 
a  governor  of  Maine,  and  his  son  was  governor  of  Maine  during  1911- 
12.  Another  schoolmate  was  H.  W.  Richardson,  who  for  many  years 
was  prominent  as  the  editor  of  the  Portland  Advertiser.  After  leaving 
college  he  became  principal  of  the  Hallowell  Academy,  one  of  the  old- 
est institutions  of  the  kind  in  the  state  of  Maine  and  resigned  from  that 
place  in  1855.  In  the  meantime  he  had  decided  to  make  his  profession 
in  the  law,  and  had  directed  his  studies  to  that  end.  As  his  almost  con- 
tinuous studies  had  weakened  a  not  very  robust  constitution  he  came 
west,  in  order  to  train  both  body  and  mind  for  his  future  career  of  use- 
fulness, and  in  1855  located  at  Watertown,  Wisconsin.  He  was  engaged 
in  teaching  in  that  city  for  nearly  six  months,  and  at  the  same  time 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1409 

carried  ou  his  studies  in  law  until  the  spring  of  1856,  when  he  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  Jefferson  county. 

Mr.  Bartlett  came  to  Eau  Claire,  then  a  village  of  a  few  hundred 
inhabitants,  in  May,  1857.  He  was  the  first  lawyer  to  locate  in  the 
county,  and  is  therefore  the  dean  of  his  profession  in  this  section  of  the 
state,  and  it  may  be  properly  said  that  none  among  his  various  contem- 
poraries has  ever  attained  a  greater  prominence  or  place  of  more  use- 
fulness than  Mr.  Bartlett.  His  experience  as  a  teacher  and  his  prom- 
inence resulting  from  his  membership  in  the  bar  caused  him  to  be 
appointed  a  member  of  the  school  board  within  two  weeks  after  his 
arrival  at  Eau  Claire,  and  he  was  re-elected  again  and  again  until  he 
had  given  twenty-nine  years  of  service.  In  the  fall  of  1857  he  was  also 
elected  to  the  office  of  district  attorney  of  Eau  Claire  county,  and  in 
1859  while  still  in  that  office,  he  was  elected  to  the  legislature  from  the 
district  composed  of  Eau  Claire,  Clark,  Pepin,  Dunn,  Chippewa  and 
Pierce  counties.  He  made  a  conspicuous  record  in  the  house  and  was 
chairman  of  the  committee  on  federal  relations,  which  in  1860  was  one 
of  the  most  important  of  the  house  committees,  and  was  also  a  member 
of  the  judiciary  committee.  In  the  spring  of  1860  Governor  Alexander 
Randall  appointed  Mr.  Bartlett  .judge  of  Eau  Claire  county,  an  office 
which  he  held  for  about  two  years.  In  1861  he  was  again  elected  district 
attorney,  and  re-elected  in  1863,  so  that  he  served  three  successive  terms 
in  that  position.  In  1872,  when  Eau  Claire  county  had  become  a  district 
by  itself,  he  was  again  sent  to  the  legislature,  and  during  his  term  was 
chairman  of  the  committees  on  federal  relations  and  education,  and  a 
member  of  the  judiciary  committee.  In  1874  came  his  appointment  as 
registrar  of  the  United  States  land  office  at  Eau  Claire,  this  appoint- 
ment coming  from  President  Grant  and  the  term  continuing  for  four 
years.  In  1878  President  Hayes  reappointed  him,  but  he  soon  after- 
wards resigned  after  live  years  of  service. 

In  the  spring  of  1884  Judge  Bartlett  was  appointed  to  a  vacancy  in 
the  board  of  regents  in  the  University  of  Wisconsin.  He  was  reap- 
pointed for  three  terms  of  three  years  each,  and  gave  the  iiniversity 
the  benefit  of  his  large  experience  and  a  thorough  interest  in  affairs  of 
education.  In  1890  he  was  elected  president  of  the  board,  and  re-elected 
in  1893.  It  was  his  privilege  during  his  official  connection  with  the 
university  to  witness  the  enrollment  of  students  increase  from  a  meager 
four  hundred  to  two  thousand  or  more,  and  the  expansion  of  the  facil- 
ities and  the  services  of  the  institution  until  it  took  rank  among  the 
foremost  institutions  of  higher  education  in  America.  His  total  service 
on  the  board  of  regents  was  for  thirteen  years. 

From  the  time  he  located  in  Eau  Claire  in  1857  until  within  recent 
years.  Mr.  Bartlett  was  one  of  the  ponspicuous  members  of  the  county 
bar.  He  acquired  a  reputation  of  especial  note  as  a  counselor  and  as  a 
trial  lawyer  in  chancery  cases  and  in  cases  of  appeal.     He  has  been 


UIO  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

very  successful  in  his  practice  and  for  many  years  had  a  large  clientage 
which  represented  the  best  class  of  legal  business  in  the  northwestern 
part  of  the  state.  During  his  later  years  he  gave  considerable  attention 
to  business  affairs.  His  investments  were  largely  directed  into  the  lum- 
ber interests  of  Oregon,  and  he  was  vice  president  of  a  lumber  company 
of  that  state.  In  1903  he  was  elected  president  of  the  bank  of  Eau 
Claire,  and  by  its  consolidation  with  the  Chippewa  Valley  Bank,  organ- 
ized the  Union  National  Bank,  of  which  he  w'as  chosen  president.  He 
held  that  office  until  about  two  years  ago,  when  he  resigned. 

A  local  publication  has  made  an  interesting  note  concerning  his  con- 
nection with  Masonry.  According  to  this  account,  Mr.  Bartlett  is  the 
only  charter  member  of  the  Eau  Claire  Lodge  No.  112,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
now  living.  He  became  a  Mason  in  Kennebec  Lodge  No.  5  at  Hollowell, 
Maine,  October  20,  1854,  and  shortly  after  coming  to  Eau  Claire  on 
May  17,  1857,  he  and  six  other  pioneers,  among  whom  were  the  late 
H.  P.  Putnam,  D.  R.  Moon  and  —  Foote,  organized  the  first  lodge  in  his. 
law  office  and  applied  for  a  state  charter. 

In  politics  Mr.  Bartlett  deserves  distinction  as  being  one  of  the  last 
of  the  original  organizers  of  the  Republican  party  in  this  state.     Since 

1856,  the  year  of  the  first  national  campaign  of  that  party,  he  has  been 
a  steady  and  influential  factor  in  its  power  and  influence  in  national 
and  local  affairs.  Mr.  Bartlett  was  married  August  15,  1861,  to  Miss 
Hattie  Hart,  a  daughter  of  Edward  W.  Hart,  of  Baraboo.  Wisconsin. 
Mrs.  Bartlett  passed  away  in  August,  1912,  at  the  age  of  seventy-three 
years.  Five  children,  four  sons  and  one  daughter,  were  born  to  their 
marriage,  and  the  three  sons  now  living  are  Edward  W..  who  graduated 
from  the  Iowa  State  University  and  is  now  a  prominent  lawyer  in  the 
state  of  Oregon ;  Frank  H.,  who  graduated  from  the  University  of  Wis- 
consin in  1892,  and  is  now  assistant  secretary  of  the  Rust-Owen  Lumber 
Company  of  Drummond,  Wisconsin;  and  Stanley  P..  who  is  in  the  lum- 
ber business  at  Coquelle,  Oregon.  Sumner  P.  was  killed  in  1898,  during 
the  Spanish-American  war,  at  Porto  Rico.  One  daughter.  [Mrs.  Levilla 
Winchell,  resides  at  ]\Ielrose,  ^Massachusetts. 

James  Bardon  is  a  citizen  of  Superior,  whose  residence  in  Wiscon- 
sin for  more  than  half  a  century  has  been  accompanied  by  many 
distinctive  and  valuable  services  to  his  community  and  state.  James 
Bardon,  the  eldest  of  the  children  of  Richard  Bardon  and  Mary 
(Roche)  Bardon  was  born  on  November  25,  1844,  in  Wexford  county, 
Ireland,  the  county  noted  as  having  made  the  greatest  struggle  in  the 
unsuccessful  rebellion  of  1798,  during  Avhich  his  grandfathers  were  in 
active  service  as  rebels.  There  are  records  of  the  name  Bardon 
in  Ireland  as  early  as  the  tenth  century.  The  family  came  to  America 
in  1846,  flrst  locating  in  Maysville,  Kentucky,  where  they  resided  until 

1857,  Avhen  they  removed  to  Superior,  .arriving  there  on  July  6th  of 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1411 

that  year.  Richard  Bardon  died  January  11,  1889,  aged  seventy-four 
years,  while  serving  his  second  term  as  county  judge  of  Douglas 
county.  Mrs.  Mary  Bardon  died  September  3,  1901,  aged  seventy- 
eight  years. 

James  Bardon  attended  the  local  schools,  and  in  early  life  was 
variously  engaged  in  farming,  road  building,  surveying,  mining,  lum- 
bering and  in  vocations  usually  incident  to  pioneering.  In  1862, 
during  the  appalling  massacre  of  white  settlers  in  Minnesota  by  the 
savage  Sioux  Indians,  he  was  a  member  of  the  State  militia  company, 
organized  in  Superior,  and  assisted  in  building  a  stockade  and  in 
other  defenses  for  the  protection  of  the  isolated  white  settlers  in  the 
country  about  Superior  and  Duluth. 

In  1867  he  was  a  teacher  in  the  district  schools,  and  during  the 
following  two  decades  he  owned  and  operated  a  saw  mill  and  a  shingle 
mill  at  Superior,  and  besides  editing  and  publishing  the  village  news- 
paper, the  Superior  Times,  served  terms  as  clerk  of  the  circuit  court 
and  county  treasurer.  He  was  active  in  the  efforts  to  bring  railroads 
and  industrial  plants  to  the  head  of  the  lakes,  and  was  an  original 
corporator  in  the  Duluth  &  Winnipeg  Railroad,  the  Superior  Street 
Railway,  the  Inter-State  Bridge  Company,  the  St.  Louis  River  Water 
Power  Company,  and  in  several  land  and  development  corporations; 
also  was  president  of  the  First  National  Bank  organized  at  Superior, 
and  later  of  the  original  Bank  of  Superior. 

Mr.  Bardon  was  chairman  of  the  County  Board  of  Douglas  county 
in  1884  and  1885,  and  served  several  terms  as  supervisor  in  later 
years.  He  was  a  member  of  the  first  City  Council  of  Superior,  and 
has  served  upon  the  school  and  library  boards.  He  was  on  the  state 
committee  with  Senator  LaFollette,  Archbishop  Katzer  and  Frederick 
Layton,  which  selected  for  the  State  of  Wisconsin  the  marble  statue 
of  Father  Marquette,  the  most  noted  figure  in  Statuary  Hall  in  the 
National  Capital  at  Washington.  He  was  a  delegate  to  the  Demo- 
cratic National  Conventions  which  nominated  Mr.  Cleveland  in  1884 
and  1892,  and  represented  his  state  upon  the  notification  of  Committee 
in  the  latter  year. 

James  Bardon  is  always  active  in  general  development,  especially 
in  looking  after  appropriations  for  harbor  improvements,  and  in  that 
interest  usually  visits  Washington  once  or  twice  every  year.  He 
recently  took  a  leading  part  in  locating  and  building  the  County 
Insane  Asylum  near  Superior.  He  is  president  of  the  Superior  His- 
torical Society,  and  a  member  of  the  Superior  Commercial  Club  and 
the  Chamber  of  Commerce. 

He  was  married  in  1884  to  Miss  Emma  W.  Conan,  a  native  of 
Watertown,  Wisconsin,  and  with  his  wife  and  only  daughter,  Miss 
Winifred  E.  Bardon,  resides  at  225  West  Fifth  Street,  East  End, 
Superior. 


1412  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Thomas  Bardon.  A  prominent  banker  and  business  man  of  Ashland, 
with  varied  interests  both,  in  this  state  and  elsewhere,  Thomas  Bardon 
is  one  of  the  men  whose  character  and  activities  naturally  give  him  a 
position  of  leadership,  and  in  both  business  and  civic  affairs,  his  has 
been  an  active  and  useful  part  in  Ashland  for  many  years.  The  home 
of  the  family  has  been  in  Wisconsin  for  more  than  fifty-six  years,  and 
for  nearly  thirty  years  Mr.  Bardon  has  been  president  of  the  Ashland 
National  Bank. 

Born  in  Maysville,  Kentucky,  on  the  twenty-second  of  October, 
18-48,  Thomas  Bardon  is  a  son  of  Richard  and  Mary  (Roche)  Bardon, 
both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Wexford,  Ireland.  From  Ireland  the 
parents  came  to  America  in  1844,  living  for  some  years  in  New  York 
City,  and  in  1847,  going  to  Maysville,  Kentucky,  where  the  father 
spent  ten  years  in  the  leather  and  shoe  business.  In  1857  the  family 
came  to  Wisconsin,  arriving  in  Superior  on  the  sixth  of  July.  Richard 
Bardon  during  the  first  of  his  active  years  was  not  only  a  good  busi- 
ness man,  but  participated  in.  public  affairs,  serving  as  clerk  of  the 
county  courts  and  later  as  county  judge.  Several  years  before  his 
death  he  retired  from  business  activities,  and  he  and  his  wife  died 
in  Superior.  His  political  support  was  always  given  to  the  Demo- 
cratic party.  The  seven  children  of  Richard  and  Mary  Bardon  are 
all  still  living. 

Second  in  age  among  the  children,  Thomas  Bardon  was  nine  years 
old  when  the  family  moved  to  Wisconsin,  and  his  education  began  in 
the  Kentucky  schools  was  continued  at  Superior,  where  he  graduated 
from  the  high  school.  His  early  choice  of  vocation  was  that  of  civil 
engineering,  for  which  his  studies  and  practical  experience  well  pre- 
pared him  and  from  1867  until  1871  his  professional  ability  was  em- 
ployed during  the  preliminary  construction  of  the  Northern  Pacific 
Railway.  In  1872  Mr.  Bardon  located  in  Ashland,  Avhich  has  been  his 
home  now  for  more  than  forty  years.  His  early  business  activities  were 
directed  to  real  estate,  dealing  chiefly  in  timber  and  iron  land,  and  in 
that  way  he  laid  the  foundation  of  his  present  prosperity.  In  1885  a 
group  of  local  citizens  including  Mr.  Bardon  organized  the  Ashland 
National  Bank,  and  since  its  doors  were  opened  for  business,  Mr.  Bardon 
has  held  the  office  of  president.  Outside  of  banking  his  interests  are  of 
such  varied  nature  that  they  cannot  be  easily  enumerated.  They 
include  investment  in  copper  mines  in  Arizona,  iron  mines  in  both 
Wisconsin  and  Minnesota,  and  in  timber  properties  along  the  Pacific 
coast. 

Mr.  Bardon  has  never  been  entirely  a  banker  or  business  man  and 
has  always  known  how  to  use  money  as  well  as  how  to  make  it,  and 
how  to  live  as  well  as  how  to  work.  His  alert  mind  and  broad  inter- 
ests are  well  indicated  by  some  of  his  connections  Avith  literary  and 
historical  bodies.    He  has  membership  in  the  Mississippi  Valley  His- 


1219063 


IfYliM 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1413 

torical  Association,  is  a  life  member  of  the  Wisconsin  Historical 
Society,  belongs  to  the  National  Geographical  Society  and  the  Wis- 
consin Archeological  Society.  His  citizenship  has  always  been  of  the 
most  public  spirited  character,  though  he  is  in  no  sense  a  politician, 
and  has  worked  for  the  good  of  the  community,  rather  than  for  his 
personal  honor.  Mr.  Bardon  served  as  chairman  of  the  town  board 
one  term,  and  as  mayor  of  Ashland  for  four  terms ;  his  administra- 
tion of  city  atfairs  having  set  a  high  standard  of  efficiency  and  scrupu- 
lous honesty. 

Mr.  Bardon  is  President  of  the  Shattuck  Arizona  Copper  Co.,  one 
of  the  rich,  active  shipping  mines  at  Bisbee,  Arizona,  employing  a 
large  force  of  miners.  He  is  Vice  President  of  the  Northern  Chief 
Iron  Co..  a  corporation  owning  the  fee  to  valuable  iron  mines  on  the 
Gogebic  Iron  Range  in  Wisconsin,  from  wliich  royalties  are  collected. 

He  is  also  President  of  the  Cuyuna  Iron  &  Land  Co.,  a  Minnesota 
corporation,  with  properties  on  the  Cuyuna  Iron  Range,  in  that  state. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Bardon,  Kellogg  &  Co.,  a  merchandise 
concern  of  Ashland. 

In  1884  Mr.  Bardon  married  Jennie  Grant,  of  Winona,  Minnesota. 
They  are  the  parents  of  two  children:  Belle  is  now  the  wife  of 
George  H.  Quayle,  of  Cleveland,  Ohio ;  Thomas,  Jr.,  having  graduated 
from  Yale  University,  is  now  attending  the  law  school  of  the  Univer^ 
sity  of  New  York,  in  New  York  City,  and  is  also  engaged  in  the  work 
of  his  profession,  in  a  prominent  law  office  of  that  city. 

Charles  M.  Merrill.  President  of  the  Eau  Claire  Grocery  Com- 
pany, Mr.  Merrill  is  now  recognized  as  one  of  the  foremost  among  the 
larger  merchants  and  business  men  of  northern  Wisconsin.  A  little 
more  than  thirty  years  ago  he  was  a  clerk  in  a  store,  subsequently  be- 
came a  traveling  salesman,  and  after  a  long  and  thorough  experience 
in  all  departments  of  business,  he  reached  the  point  where  he  took  an 
independent  part  in  business  life.  He  is  a  merchant  who  thoroughly 
understands  all  the  details  of  his  business,  is  a  social  organizer  and 
extender  of  business  and  has  built  up  the  Eau  Claire  Grocery  Com- 
pany to  be  one  of  the  strongest  firms  of  the  kind  in  the  state. 

Charles  M.  Merrill  is  a  native  of  Utiea,  New  York,  where  he  was 
born  April  25,  1857,  a  son  of  Milton  H.  and  Sarah  L.  Hardiman  Mer- 
rill. The  father  was  born  in  Utiea,  New  York,  in  1830  and  died  Feb- 
ruary 6,  1912.  The  mother  was  born  at  Hadley,  in  Hampshire,  Eng- 
■  land,  in  1828,  and  passed  away  July  28,  1893.  The  parents  were  mar- 
ried in  Utiea,  and  Charles  M.  Merrill  was  the  oldest  of  their  four  chil- 
dren, the  others  being  as  follows:  Nettie  L.,  the  wife  of  J.  M.  Brunt,  of 
Decorah,  Iowa;  LaMott;  and  William  D.  The  father  was  a  prominent 
man  in  New  Yojk  State.  For  a  number  of  years  he  was  superintendent 
of  a  transportation  company  on  the  old  Erie  Canal,  and  in  the  fall  of 


1414  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

1857  came  west  and  located  at  Decorali,  Iowa,  where  he  was  engaged  in 
the  produce  business  and  as  a  farmer  during  the  rest  of  his  active 
career.  He  had  the  distinction  of  being  a  delegate  to  the  tirst  Whig  con- 
vention held  at  Albany,  New  York,  and  after  the  dissolution  of  the  Whig 
party  he  became  a  Republican. 

Mr.  Charles  M.  ]\Ierrill  was  an  infant  when  the  family  came  west  and 
located  at  Decorah,  Iowa,  and  his  youth  in  that  state  was  spent  in  an 
almost  pioneer  environment.  After  he  had  gained  his  education  in  the 
Decorah  schools  and  the  Decorah  Institute,  he  began  his  career  as  a 
teacher  and  taught  for  four  years  in  his  home  county.  Then  he  became 
a  clerk  in  a  general  store,  and  in  1881  went  upon  the  road  as  a  traveling 
salesman  for  a  wholesale  drygoods  house.  This  experience  continued 
Avith  various  promotions,  and  changes  for  the  better,  until  1905,  at  which 
date  he  accepted  the  presidency  of  the  Eau  Claire  Grocery  Company  of 
Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin. 

Mr.  Merrill  is  affiliated  with  Eau  Claire  Lodge  No.  112,  A.  F.  &  A. 
M.,  and  with  Eau  Claire  Chapter  No.  36,  R.  A.  ^I.  In  polities  he  is  a 
Republican.  He  -was  married  on  Christmas  day  of  1881  to  Miss  Ida 
A.  Fletcher,  who  was  born  at  Bluff  ton,  in  Winneshiek  county,  Iowa. 

Albert  Michael  Newald.  Definite  success  and  prestige  as  pne  of 
the  representative  younger  members  of  the  bar  of  j\Iilwaukee  indicate 
the  secure  status  of  Mr.  Newald,  who  is  known  for  his  excellent  intel- 
lectual and  professional  attainments  and  his  marked  civic  loyalty  and 
public  spirit.  He  is  a  scion  of  old  and  honored  families  in  Wisconsin, 
where  both  his  paternal  and  maternal  ancestors  established  their  resi- 
dences in  the  pioneer  epoch,  and  he  is  one  of  the  well  known  and  dis- 
tinctively popular  members  of  the  bar  of  his  native  city,  with  the  civic 
and  business  affairs  of  which  the  family  name  has  been  long  and 
worthily  identified. 

Mr.  Newald  was  born  in  Milwaukee  on  the  11th  of  April,  1884,  and 
is  a  son  of  M.  D.  and  Emma  (Wirth)  NeM'ald,  the  former  of  whom  was 
born  at  Hamilton,  province  of  Ontario,  Canada,  and  the  latter  of  whom 
was  born  near  the  city  of  Milwaukee,  their  marriage  having  here  been 
solemnized  on  the  5th  of  November,  1882.  He  whose  name  initiates  this 
review  was  named  in  honor  of  his  paternal  grandfather,  IMichael  Newald, 
who  is  a  native  of  Germany  and  who  established  his  home  in  Wisconsin 
in  an  early  day,  having  come  to  this  state  from  the  Dominion  of  Canada. 
Both  he  and  his  wife  passed  the  closing  years  of  their  lives  in  ^Milwaukee 
and  they  were  honored  by  all  who  knew^  them. 

Edward  Wirth,  maternal  grandfather  of  him  to  whom  this  sketch  is 
dedicated,  was  long  numbered  among  the  prominent  and  highly  es- 
teemed citizens  of  Milwaukee,  and  here  his  death  occurred  on  the  14th 
of  July.  1904.  His  widow,  Mrs.  Caroline  Wirth,  still  resides  in  Mil- 
waiikee.     Edward  Wirth  was  boi^n  in  Gemiinden,  Germany,  on  the  28th 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1415 

of  February,  1834,  and  in  1852  he  came  to  Wisconsin  and  established  his 
residence  in  Milwaukee,  where  he  passed  the  residue  of  his  long  and  use- 
ful life.  He  became  one  of  the  most  prominent  and  extensive  horse  deal- 
ers of  the  state,  having  been  originally  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Wirth 
Brothers  and  later  the  head  of  the  firm  of  Wirth,  Hammel  &  Company, 
which  gained  high  reputation  as  the  most  extensive  concern  in  the  west 
in  the  business  of  dealing  in  horses.  Mr.  Wirth  retired  from  active  busi- 
ness a  few  years  prior  to  his  death.  He  was  a  man  of  impregnable  integ- 
rity and  of  most  genial  and  companionable  personality  and  was  widely 
known  in  the  states  of  the  middle  west  and  was  long  one  of  the  most 
progressive  and  public-spirited  of  the  representative  business  men  of 
the  Wisconsin  metropolis. 

M.  D.  Newald,  the  father  of  Albert  M.  Newald,  has  been  actively 
identified  with  the  business  of  buying  and  selling  horses  and  other  enter- 
prises for  the  long  period  of  thirty  years  and  now  controls  a  most  ex- 
tensive business  in  'this  line,  his  individual  operations  being  conducted 
under  the  title  of  M.  D.  Newald  &  Company  and  his  being  definite  prece- 
dence as  the  best  known  and  most  successful  horse  dealer  in  Wisconsin, 
in  which  field  of  enterprise  he  is  an  acknowledged  authority.  He  is  a 
substantial  and  popular  man  of  affairs,  liberal,  charitable  and  reliable 
in  all  his  dealings,  and  has  shown  a  loyal  interest  in  all  that  touches  the 
welfare  of  his  home  city  and  state,  where  his  circle  of  friends  is  virtually 
coincident  with  that  of  his  acquaintances.  He  served  as  a  member  of  the 
Wisconsin  National  Guard  for  a  period  of  five  years,  at  the  expiration 
of  which  he  received  his  honorable  discharge,  and  in  the  time-honored 
Masonic  fraternity  he  has  received  the  thirty-second  degree  of  the  An- 
cient Accepted  Scottish  Rite,  besides  which  he  is  actively  identified  with 
the  Milwaukee  Athletic  Club  and  the  local  Jewish  Charities  organization. 

Albert  M.  Newald  is  indebted  to  the  public  schools  of  Milwaukee  for 
his  early  educational  discipline,  which  included  the  curriculum  of  the 
West  Division  high  school.  In  pursuance  of  his  higher  academic  educa- 
tion he  entered  historic  old  Harvard  University,  in  which  he  was  grad- 
uated as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1906,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of 
Arts.  In  preparation  for  the  work  of  his  chosen  profession  he  pursued 
the  prescribed  course  in  the  Harvard  Law  School,  in  which  he  was  grad- 
uated in  1908  and  from  which  he  received  the  well  earned  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Laws.  Mr.  Newald  early  exhibited  marked  oratorical  and 
dialectic  ability,  and  he  represented  the  West  Division  high  school  of 
Milwaukee  in  an  interscholastic  debate,  besides  which,  in  the  spring  of 
1905,  he  was  captain  of  the  debating  team  of  Harvard  University  in  the 
victorious  contest  with  the  debating  team  of  Yale  University.  Through 
his  ability  and  earnest  application  Mr.  Newald  made  an  admirable  rec- 
ord as  a  student  at  Harvard,  where  he  won  scholarship  honors,  besides 
which  he  was  president  of  the  Harlan  Law  Club  during  his  senior  year 
in  the  Harvard  Law   School.     He  has  continued  a   most  earnest   and 


1416  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

appreciative  student  along  professional  lines  and  in  the  domain  of  gen- 
eral literature,  this  being  distinctively  shown  through  his  having  accu- 
mulated one  of  the  largest  and  most  select  private  libraries  in  the  city  of 
Milwaukee. 

In  the  summer  of  1908  Mr.  Newald  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  his 
native  state.  In  initiating  the  active  work  of  his  profession  ]Mr.  Newald 
entered  the  law  office  of  the  well  known  Milwaukee  firm  of  Bloodgood, 
Kemper  &  Bloodgood,  but  five  months  later  he  severed  this  association, 
on  the  1st  of  February,  1909,  and  engaged  in  the  independent  practice 
of  his  profession.  Energy,  ability  and  close  application  have  character- 
ized his  endeavors  in  his  exacting  vocation  and  he  has  thus  won  success 
and  prestige  and  has  attained  to  a  place  among  the  able  and  popular 
attorneys  of  the  younger  generation  in  the  Wisconsin  metropolis,  where 
he  controls  a  substantial  general  practice  and  has  served  as  legal  repre- 
sentative of  various  corporations  and  important  estates.  His  well  ap- 
pointed offices  are  located  in  Suite  524  Caswell  Block,  and  he  is  an  active 
and  popular  member  of  the  ^Milwaukee  County  Bar. 

At  the  age  of  twenty-one  years  Mr.  Newald  identified  himself  with 
the  Masonic  fraternity,  in  which  he  is  affiliated  with  Milwaukee  Lodge, 
No.  261,  Free  and  Accepted  Masons.  He  is  well  fortified  in  his  convic- 
tions concerning  matters  of  governmental  and  economic  polity.  He 
holds  membership  in  the  Order  of  B'nai  B'rith  and  also  in  the  Harvard 
Club  in  his  native  city.  Both  he  and  his  wdfe  are  popular  factors  in  the 
social  activities  of  the  community. 

In  the  spacious  parlors  of  the  Athenaeum  at  Milwaukee,  on  the  16th  of 
December,  1912,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Newald  to  Miss 
Pearl  Evelyn  Levy,  who  attended  Wellesley  College  from  1909  to  1911 
and  who  is  a  daughter  of  the  late  Henry  L.  Levy,  to  whom  a  memoir  is 
dedicated  on  other  pages  of  this  volume,  so  that  further  reference  to  the 
family  history  is  not  demanded  in  tlie  present  connection. 

William  H.  Smith.  The  origin  of  every  large  industrial  or  com- 
mercial enterprise  is  usually  found  in  a  single  individual,  some  man 
possessing  the  initiative,  the  persistent  energy,  and  the  ability  which  are 
necessary  for  the  founding  and  creation  of  large  undertakings.  In  the 
city  of  La  Crosse,  the  Smith  Manufacturing  Company  is  considered  one 
of  the  permanent  institutions  of  the  city,  a  concern  which  has  been  in 
existence  for  half  a  century,  and  the  activities  of  which  furnish  employ- 
ment and  the  means  of  livelihood  to  hundreds  of  the  inhabitants  of  La 
Crosse.  The  company  is  now  a  family  concern,  and  the  business  is 
maintained  by  descendants  of  the  original  founder,  who  was  William 
H.  Smith. 

William  H.  Smith  was  born  in  Stafford,  Tolland  county,  Connecti- 
cut, February  5,  1824.  With  his  parents  he  moved  to  Syracuse,  New 
York,  in  1830,  where  he  spent  his  boyhood  days,  and  attended  the  com- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1417 

mon  schools  and  later  the  academy  at  Onondaga.  In  1843  he  came  out 
to  the  territory  of  Wisconsin,  locating  first  at  Kenosha,  where  he  was 
employed  in  the  foundry  of  Benedict  &  Frances.  In  1845  he  entered 
the  foundry  of  Wilson  &  Burgess  at  Racine,  and  while  there  made  the 
first  casting  ever  turned  out  in  that  city,  one  of  the  largest  centers  of 
manufactured  iron  and  steel  products  in  the  state.  From  Racine  Mr. 
Smith  went  to  Milwaukee,  and  was  employed  for  a  time  in  the  foundry 
of  A.  J.  Langworthy.  In  the  year  1848  he  was  in  Waukesha,  and  was 
employed  there  in  a  foundry  for  about  four  years,  the  firm  name  of 
which  was  Smith  &  Blair.  In  1852  he  located  at  Portage.  From  Port- 
age, in  1861,  Mr.  Smith  transferred  his  enterprise  to  the  town  of  La 
Crosse,  "and  there  became  associated  with  Mr.  Merrill,  the  firm  being 
known  as  Dean-Smith  &  Co.  In  1876,  at  the  death  of  Mr.  Dean,  the  firm 
name  was  changed  to  Smith  &  Merrill.  There  business  prospered  and 
grew,  and  was  the  foundation  of  the  present  Smith  Manufacturing  Com- 
pany. 

The  Smith  Manufacturing  Company  as  it  now  exists  was  organized 
in  1886,  and  incorporated  the  same  year.  The  original  officers  were: 
Frank  E.  Smith,  president;  F.  A.  Smith,  vice  president;  B.  C.  Smith, 
secretary;  W.  L.  Smith,  superintendent;  and  C.  W.  Smith,  assistant 
superintendent.  Mr.  F.  E.  Smith  has  served  as  alderman  of  the  city  of 
La  Crosse  for  four  years.  Mr.  B.  C.  Smith  was  elected  an  alderman  in 
1909,  and  has  served  to  the  present  year,  1913.  He  is  also  a  member  of 
the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  B.  P.  0.  E.  and  is  a  director  in  both  the 
Batavian  Bank  and  the  La  Crosse  Trust  Company.  W.  L.  and  F.  A. 
Smith  are  both  members  of  the  Masonic  Order,  and  all  the  brothers  are 
staunch  Republicans.  The  individuals  members  of  the  Smith  Manufac- 
turing Company  are  directors  in  the  Batavian  National  Bank  of  La 
Crosse  and  have  influential  membership  in  the  La  Crosse  Board  of  Trade. 
The  Smith  Manufacturing  Company  is  known  all  over  the  state  as  one 
of  the  best  equipped  wagon-making  plants  in  the  west.  The  company 
turns  out  about  four  thousand  wagons  every  year,  and  has  some  sixty- 
five  skilled  workmen  on  its  payroll. 

Ori  J.  SoRENSEN.  The  business  career  of  Ori  J.  Sorensen  in  La  Crosse 
has  covered  a  period  of  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century,  during  which 
time  he  has  been  connected  with  some  of  the  city 's  leading  business  enter- 
prises. It  has  been  shown  that  there  is  no  special  providence  in  success 
or  failure ;  each  man  must  work  out  his  own  salvation.  At  any  rate  there 
are  few  who  would  have  the  temerity  to  state  that  Mr.  Sorensen 's  success 
has  come  as  a  result  of  aught  else  than  individual  effort  and  ability. 
Essentially  a  business  man,  with  the  multitudinous  cares  incident  to 
the  management  of  a  large  commercial  enterprise  to  occupy  his  time,  he 
has  yet  found  time  to  give  to  the  duties  of  citizenship,  and  in  high  public 
ofifice  has  served  his  city  faithfully  and  well. 


1418  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Mr.  Soi-ensen  was  born  in  ]\Iadison,  Wisconsin,  November  12,  1856, 
and  is  a  son  of  D.  T.  and  Wilhelmina  (Peterson)  Sorensen.  His  parents, 
natives  of  Denmark,  emigrated  to  the  United  States  in  1854,  and  after 
a  short  stay  in  New  York  City,  came  to  Madison,  Wisconsin.  Mr.  Sor- 
ensen, the  elder,  was  engaged  in  contracting  and  building  operations  in 
that  city  until  1880,  at  which  time  he  came  to  La  Crosse,  and  the  remain- 
der of  his  life  was  spent  in  quiet  retirement,  his  death  occurring  in  1895. 
His  widow  survived  him  until  1909. 

Ori  Sorensen  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Madison, 
as  well  as  a  private  school,  which  he  attended  until  he  was  twenty  years 
of  age,  at  that  time  associating  himself  with  his  fatlier  and  engaging  in 
contracting  and  building.  In  1887  he  formed  a  partnership  with  R.  T. 
Davis,  under  the  firm  style  of  Davis  &  Sorensen,  and  engaged  in  the  man- 
ufacture of  office,  store  and  bar  fixtures,  although  he  did  not  give  up  his 
activities  in  the  contracting  line.  The  connection  with  Mr.  Davies  was 
severed  by  mutual  consent  in  1897,  and  since  that  time  ^Ir.  Sorensen 
has  continued  in  business  alone.  His  enterprise  has  enjoyed  a  steady 
and  rapidly  growing  trade,  which  comes  from  every  part  of  the  North- 
west. A  man  of  keen  foresight,  acumen  and  capacity,  his  associates 
place  the  greatest  confidence  in  his  judgment,  and  at  various  times  he 
has  been  called  upon  for  leadership  where  movements  of  an  important 
character  have  been  contemplated. 

While  still  a  resident  of  ]\Iadison,  in  1883,  ^Ir.  Sorensen  was  united 
in  marriage  with  Miss  Eva  B.  Rounds,  whose  parents  are  both  deceased, 
and  to  this  union  there  have  been  born  three  children:  Clarence  T.,  Ray 
and  Roy,  the  last  two  being  twins.  Mr.  Sorensen  is  prominent  in  fra- 
ternal circles  of  La  Crosse,  having  risen  to  the  thirty-second  degree  in 
Masonry,  and  was  formerly  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows,  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  Elks.  In  political  matters  he  has  always  supported  the 
principles  and  policies  of  the  Democratic  party,  whose  candidate  he 
became,  in'  1909,  for  the  office  of  mayor  of  La  Crosse.  He  was  elected 
to  that  office  in  the  election  of  that  year,  and  during  his  administration, 
which  lasted  through  1909  and  1910,  many  greatly  needed  municipal 
reforms  were  inaugurated.  He  Avas  again  elected  for  two  years,  1913- 
1914.  Mr.  Sorensen 's  general  popularity  is  attested  by  his  wide  circle 
of  friends,  drawn  from  evei-y  walk  of  life,  who  have  been  attracted  to 
him  by  his  many  sterling  traits  of  character. 

Harry  B.  Kamschulte.  Through  technical  ability,  marked  initiative 
and  constructive  power,  close  application  and  progressive  policies 
Mr.  Kamschulte  has  gained  definite  prestige  as  one  of  the  representa- 
tive business  men  of  the  younger  generation  in  his  native  city,  and 
not  only  is  he  known  as  one  of  the  w^ell  fortified  ai'chitects  and  civil 
engineers   in   IMihvaukee,   but   he   also   has  tlie   distinction   of   having 


^JfiJ^^^^^JUtzr 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  U19 

been  the  promoter  and  organizer  of  the  Badger  Railway  &  Light 
Compauj^  Avhich  controls  an  important  intervirban  electric  line  and 
of  which  important  corporation  he  is  president.  Mr.  Kamschulte 
maintains  his  business  headquarters  in  suite  402-5  Foster  building,  on 
Grand  avenue,  Milwaukee,  and  he  and  his  family  reside  in  an  attract- 
ive home  in  the  beautiful  little  city  of  Wauwatosa,  Milwaukee  county, 
which  is  about  six  miles  distant  from  the  metropolis  of  the  state. 

Mr.  Kamschulte  was  born  in  Milwaukee,  on  the  25th  of  February, 
1879,  and  is  a  son  of  Henry  and  Josephine  (Mans)  Kamschulte,  w^ho 
still  reside  in  this  city,  where  their  marriage  was  solemnized  and 
where  they  have  ever  been  held  in  the  highest  esteem,  the  father 
being  a  native  of  Berlin,  Germany,  and  the  mother  having  been  born 
in  Milwaukee,  a  representative  of  one  of  the  honored  pioneer  families 
of  the  state,  to  which  her  parents  came  from  Germany  many  years 
ago.  Henry  Kamschulte  has  lived  virtually  retired  for  a  period  of 
about  fifteen  years  past,  but  was  long  numbered  among  the  successful 
contractors  and  builders  of  Milwaukee,  where  he  had  the  distinction 
of  serving  for  some  time  as  city  superintendent  of  building  construc- 
tion,— fully  a  quarter  of  a  century  ago.  He  is  a  man  of  sterling  char- 
acter and  in  the  land  and  state  of  his  adoption  he  gained  definite 
success  and  prosperity,  so  that  he  finds  himself  compassed  by  peace 
and  independence,  as  well  as  most  gracious  associations,  now  that 
the  days  of  his  active  labors  have  passed.  He  came  with  his  parents 
to  America  in  1856,  when  but  four  years  of  age,  and  was  reared  and 
educated  in  Milwaukee,  where  the  family  home  was  established  in 
the  year  mentioned.  He  is  a  loyal  and  progressive  citizen,  is  a  Repub- 
lican in  his. political  adherency. 

Of  the  seven  children,  six  are  living,  and  thus  death  has  but  once 
invaded  the  immediate  family  circle,  the  relations  of  which  have 
ever  been  of  ideal  order.  Concerning  the  children,  it  may  be  stated 
that  all  were  born  and  reared  in  Milwaukee,  Avhere  they  received 
excellent  educational  advantages,  the  eldest  two  having  been  gradu- 
ated in  the  high  school  and  all  of  the  others  having  not  only  com- 
pleted a  high-school  curriculum  but  also  having  been  graduated  in 
the  German-English  Aeademj^  of  Milwaukee.  Of  the  children  the 
subject  of  this  review  was  the  third  in  order  of  birth;  Otto  and 
Clemens  are  still  residents  of  Milwaukee ;  Erla  is  the  wife  of  Charles 
Tucker,  of  Toledo,  Ohio;  Emma  likewise  maintains  residence  in  To- 
ledo ;  Herbert  is  at  the  parental  home ;  and  Hertha,  the  youngest  of 
the  children,  was  summoned  to  the  life  eternal  on  the  25th  of  Octo- 
ber, 1912;  she  was  graduated  in  the  Milwaukee  Normal  School  and 
was  a  young  woman  of  gentle  personality  and  marked  culture,  she 
having  been  a  valued  and  popular  teacher  in  the  public  schools  of 
her  native  city  during  the  last  year  of  her  life  and  her  death  having 
been  the  result  of  an  attack  of  pneumonia,  to  which  she  succumbed 


1420  HISTORY  OF  WISCOXSIX 

at  the  age  of  twenty  years,  eleven  months  and  twenty-five  days,  se- 
cure in  the  affectionate  regard  of  all  who  knew  her. 

Harry  B.  Kamschulte  continued  to  attend  the  public  schools  of 
^Milwaukee  until  he  had  completed  a  course  in  the  East  Division  high 
school,  in  which  he  was  graduated  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1895. 
Thereafter  he  attended  private  schools  in  his  home  city  and  elsewhere, 
and  at  the  age  of  twenty  years  he  began  the  study  of  the  art  and 
science  of  architecture,  in  tJie  office  and  under  the  preceptorship  of 
the  well  known  Milwaukee  firm  of  Schnetzy  &  Liebert,  with  whom 
he  remained  two  years,  after  w^hich  he  was  for  a  time  associated  with 
Ferd  Velguth,  a  leading  architect  of  this  city.  In  the  meanwhile 
Mr.  Kamschulte  had  also  given  careful  study  to  civil  engineering,  in 
which  he  developed  marked  practical  ability,  and  finally  he  entered 
the  service  of  the  Milwaukee  Harvester  Company,  which  was  later 
consolidated  Avith  the  International  Harvester  Company  of  America. 

In  1899  Mr.  Kamschulte  became  associated  with  the  Milwaukee 
Electric  Railway  &  Light  Company,  with  which  he  continued  in 
effective  service  for  twelve  years,  during  the  greater  part  of  which 
period  he  held  the  responsible  office  of  chief  engineer  of  construction. 
It  is  needless  to  say  that  in  this  connection  he  gained  large  and  valu- 
able experience,  and  the  same  has  proved  of  inestimable  benefit  to 
him  in  his  promotion  and  development  of  an  important  independent 
enterprise  along  the  same  lines  of  public-utility  service.  In  1910 
Mr.  Kamschulte  formed  a  partnership  with  Harold  C.  "Webster,  under 
the  firm  name  of  Kamschulte  &  Webster,  and  they  engaged  in  inde- 
pendent business  as  architects  and  civil  engineers,  with  offices  in  the 
Foster  building.  The  success  of  the  new  firm  w^as  unequivocal  and 
the  effective  alliance  continued  until  Mr.  Webster  was  elected  county 
surveyor  of  Milwaukee  county,  of  which  position  he  is  now  the  incum- 
bent, specific  mention  of  him  being  made  on  other  pages  of  this  work. 
Aggressive,  far-sighted  and  enterprising,  Mr.  Kamschulte  instituted 
in  1910  the  promotion  of  a  company  for  the  construction  of  an  inter- 
urban  electric  line,  and  his  efforts  culminated  in  the  organization  of 
the  Badger  Railway  &  Light  Company,  which  was  the  first  corpora- 
tion of  the  kind  to  be  incorporated  under  the  Wisconsin  public-utilities 
act.  The  line  of  the  company  is  now  in  construction  and  is  thirty- 
six  miles  in  length.  It  extends  from  Jefferson,  judicial  center  of  the 
county  of  the  same  name,  through  to  Whitewater,  Elkhorn  and  Lake 
Geneva,  and  is  a  public  improvement  of  the  highest  order,  as  well  as 
one  that  refiects  great  credit  upon  the  promoter  of  the  enterprise, 
Mr.  Kamschulte  having  shown  marked  circumspection  and  judgment 
in  instituting  and  carrying  forward  the  undertaking,  and  having 
been  president  of  the  company  from  the  time  of  its  organization. 

As  a  citizen  Mr.  Kamschulte  is  essentially  liberal  and  progressive. 
As  previously  stated,  he  maintains  his  home  at  Wauwatosa,  and  there 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1421 

he  is  giving  loyal  and  effective  service  as  a  member  of  the  board  of 
education,  besides  being  otherwise  influential  in  public  affairs  of  a 
local  order.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  and  is  well 
known  and  distinctly  popular  in  the  business  and  social  circles  of  his 
native  city.  He  finds  his  chief  recreation  in  hunting  and  fishing  and 
in  these  lines  is  fully  appreciative  of  the  manifold  attractions  and 
advantages  of  his  home  state. 

May  7,  1907,  recorded  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Kamschulte  to  Miss 
Margaret  Zingsheim,  who  was  born  and  reared  in  Milwaukee,  where 
she  was  graduated  in  the  South  Side  high  school  and  where  still 
reside  her  honored  parents,  Hubbard  and  Doris  Zingsheim. 

Judge  Joseph  E.  Cordes.  In  1910  Joseph  E.  Cordes  was  elected 
Judge  of  the  Civil  Court  of  Milwaukee  County  in  a  non-partisan  .judi- 
cial election,  in  which  he  was,  however,  known  and  supported  as  a  candi- 
date of  the  Social  Democratic  part3^  He  is  still  serving  in  that  office,  his 
term  expiring  on  January  1,  1916.  His  election  to  the  .judgeship  was 
marked  by  the  fact  that  he  had  the  highest  vote  of  the  judges  of  the 
different  courts  who  ran  for  office  at  that  time,  and  his  administration 
of  the  office  thus  far  has  been  characterized  by  a  wise  and  careful  serv- 
ice which  places  him  among  the  most  popular  judges  of  his  time  in  this 
district. 

Judge  Cordes  was  born  in  ^lilwaukee,  Wisconsin,  on  January  19. 
1876,  and  is  the  son  of  Emil  A.  H.  and  Helena  (Hennig)  Cordes,  both 
of  whom  were  born  in  this  city.  The  father  died  when  the  subject  was 
a  child  of  five  years,  and  later  the  mother  contracted  a  second  marriage. 
She  still  makes  her  home  in  ^Milwaukee.  The  grandfather  of  Judge 
Cordes  was  one  of  the  early  wholesale  grocers  in  this  city,  the  firm  being 
known  in  its  prosperous  days  as  that  of  Cordes  &  Weiskireh.  wholesale 
grocers.  Their  early  history  dates  as  far  back  as  the  early  sixties,  when 
they  located  on  East  Water  street,  and  the  father  of  Judge  Cordes  was 
employed  in  the  office  of  the  establishment  as  a  bookkeeper. 

Judge  Cordes  is  the  eldest  of  the  two  living  children  of  his  parents, 
the  other  being  ]Mrs.  Antoinette  Kremer,  now  a  widow  and  residing  in 
Milwaukee,  where  she  was  born  and  educated.  Judge  Cordes  was  edu- 
cated in  the  Third  Ward  Public  School  of  this  city  and  was  graduated 
from  that  school  with  the  class  of  1890,  after  which  he  secured  employ- 
ment with  the  Standard  Oil  Company.  His  mother  was  then  a  widow 
and  he  thus  helped  in  the  support  of  her  and  his  sister.  He  continued 
with  the  Standard  people  for  some  years,  and  in  1898  when  the  Spanish- 
American  trouble  arose,  Mr.  Cordes.  in  company  with  many  of  his  asso- 
ciates, joined  the  local  militia,  in  Company  A  of  the  Fourth  Regiment 
of  the  Wisconsin  National  Guards.  The  regiment  was  later  taken  in  the 
volunteer  service  of  the  United  States,  in  Company  I  of  the  First  Regi- 
ment.   Like  many  another  zealous  American  patriot.  Judge  Cordes  never 


U22  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

got  farther  in  the  line  of  service  than  to  reach  Jacksonville,  Florida, 
there  to  await  further  orders.  They  remained  there  from  May  21st 
to  September  of  that  year,  when  they  were  ordered  home.  After  the 
return  to  home  and  civil  life  and  duties,  the  subject  resumed  his  connec- 
tion with  the  Standard  Oil  Company,  at  the  same  time  beginning  the 
study  of  law  in  a  night  class  of  the  Milwaukee  Law  School,  now  a  part 
of  Marquette  College.  He  later  took  the  state  bar  examination  and  was 
duly  admitted  to  practice  on  January  25,  1902,  after  which  he  continued 
in  the  service  of  the  great  corporation  for  perhaps  a  year.  He  then  re- 
signed his  position  and  became  associated  with  the  law  firm  of  Gonski, 
Blenski  &  Nowak,  and  later  was  a  partner  in  law  practice  with  Hon. 
Michael  Blenski,  now  judge  of  the  civil  court,  which  continued  until 
both  were  elected  judges  of  the  civil  court  of  Milwaukee  county  in  April, 
1910. 

Judge  Cordes  is  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee  County  and  the  State 
Bar  Associations,  and  is  a  member  of  Walker  Lodge,  No.  123,  Knights  of 
Pythias,  and  the  United  Order  of  Foresters. 

On  June  11,  1905,  Judge  Cordes  married  ]\Iiss  Marie  Salvesen,  born 
in  Norway,  but  reared  and  educated  in  America,  Milwaukee  having  been 
her  home  from  her  girlhood.  Her  mother  still  lives  in  Milwaukee,  but 
the  father  died  some  years  ago.  Judge  and  Mrs.  Cordes  make  their 
home  at  No.  922  Twenty-second  avenue. 

Delos  R.  Moon.  AVith  the  death  of  Delos  R.  Moon,  of  Eau  Claire, 
Wisconsin,  there  passed  from  among  us  one  of  those  great  captains  of 
industry  of  the  middle  west,  who  unlike  so  many  to  whom  the  term  has 
been  applied,  made  his  fortune  and  won  his  position  of  power,  not 
through  squeezing  the  pennies  from  other  people's  pockets,  or  from 
manipulating  false  values,  but  by  foresight  and  judgment  and  a  use  of 
the  natural  resources  of  the  country.  Delos  R.  IMoon  Avas  one  of  the 
pioneer  lumbermen  of  this  section,  and  in  taking  advantage  of  the  wealth 
stored  in  the  great  forests  of  the  country  he  brought  prosperity  to 
hundreds  of  others,  for  he  M^as  just  and  considerate  in  all  his  business 
dealings  and  the  devotion  of  his  employees  w^as  his  reward.  Not  the 
least  successful  of  his  undertakings  was  the  rearing  of  his  sons,  for  when 
he  was  forced  to  lay  down  the  reins,  he  had  trained  his  sons  so  wisely 
that  he  was  able  to  hand  the  reins  over  to  them,  confident  that  the  busi- 
ness woiald  not  suffer. 

Delos  R.  Moon  was  born  in  Chenango  county.  New  York,  on  the 
29th  of  August,  1835.  He  was  deprived  of  a  father's  care  early  in  life 
but  was  fortunate  in  having  a  mother  of  unusual  wisdom  and  strength 
of  character,  who  accomplished  the  task  of  rearing  a  fatherless  boy  with 
rare  discrimination.  In  1843  the  boy  and  his  mother  moved  from  New 
York  state  to  Kendall  county,  Illinois,  and  here  they  lived  for  two  years, 
at  the  end  of  which  they  again  moved,  this  time  to  Aurora,   Illinois, 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1423 

where  they  settled  permanently.  Here  Delos  Moon  grew  up  and  here  he 
entered  the  business  world.  It  was  at  the  age  of  eighteen  that  he  made 
his  first  venture  in  this  direction,  entering  the  bank  of  Hall  Brothers  of 
Aurora,  as  bookkeeper.  Here  he  worked  until  1857  and  by  this  time  he 
had  so  far  won  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  his  employers  that  he  was 
selected  by  them  to  go  to  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin,  to  take  charge  of  their 
bank  in  that  city.  This  bank  had  its  securities  in  Missouri  state  bonds 
and  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war  caused  these  to  depreciate  so  greatly 
in  value  that  they  were  practically  worthless,  and  therefore,  in  1861, 
the  bank  was  closed  by  the  state  comptroller. 

Casting  about  for  something  to  do,  Mr.  Moon  decided  that  in  the 
great  untouched  northern  forests  was  a  field  that  suited  him  exactly 
and  so  he  went  into  lumbering.  For  six  years  he  was  engaged  in  buying 
and  selling  timber  lands,  logs  and  lumber,  and  was  also  interested  in  a 
general  mercantile  business.  Always  willing  to  work,  a  keen  judge  of 
men,  with  a  trained  business  intelligence,  he  was  enabled  to  make  quite 
a  bit  of  money,  and  being  ambitious  he  saved  his  money  with  an  eye  to 
its  further  investment.  In  1867,  therefore,  he  was  ready  to  enter  into 
partnership  with  Gilbert  E.  Porter,  as  a  manufacturer  of  lumber  at  Por- 
ter's Mills,  on  the  Chippewa  River,  about  four  miles  below  Eau  Claire. 
The  lumber  which  they  cut  at  the  mill  was  rafted  down  the  river  to 
the  ]\Iississippi  and  so  to  the  great  markets.  The  two  young  partners 
were  alive  to  all  the  opportunities  in  the  business  and  managed  it  along 
progressive  lines  and  instead  of  putting  their  profits  into  gilt-edged 
securities  they  turned  it  back  into  the  business  and  in  1869  established 
a  wholesale  lumber  yard  at  Hannibal,  Missouri,  and  began  the  distribu- 
tion of  lumber  from  this  point.  In  1870  Porter  and  Moon  consolidated 
with  S.  T.  McKnight,  a  prominent  lumber  dealer  of  Hannibal,  and  the 
yard  there  was  conducted  under  the  name  of  S.  T.  IMcKnight  &  Com- 
pany, though  the  business  in  Eau  Claire  remained  independent,  under 
the  firm  name  of  Porter,  Moon  and  Company.  In  1873,  however,  the 
two  firms  were  completely  merged  into  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Com- 
pany, of  Eau  Claire  and  Stanley,  Wisconsin.  In  this  new  corporation 
Mr.  Porter  was  made  president,  Mr.  Moon,  vice-president  and  Mr.  Mc- 
Knight, secretary  and  treasurer. 

The  death  of  Mr.  Porter  in  1880  caused  a  change  in  the  administra- 
tion of  the  business,  Mr.  JMoon  becoming  president  and  general  manager. 
In  1882  the  lumber  yard  in  Hannibal  was  discontinued  and  during  this 
year  the  firm  began  to  ship  lumber  by  rail  out  of  Eau  Claire.  Mr. 
Moon  remained  as  the  chief  executive  of  the  company  until  his  death, 
and  during  this  period  the  business  flourished  and  grew  amazingly.  As 
evidence  of  this  witness  the  figures :  In  1873  there  were  in  the  employ 
of  the  concern  seventy-eight  men,  drawing  salaries  amounting  to  $26,- 
676 ;  in  1897,  one  thousand  two  hundred  and  eighty-two  men  were  em- 
ployed and  they  received  $373,000  and  over.     The  capacity  of  the  saw- 


1424  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

mill  was  also  greatly  increased  during  this  period,  for  in  1867,  in  round 
numbers  it  was  five  million  feet,  while  in  1897  it  had  reached  one  hun- 
dred and  eight  million  feet.  Mr.  Moon  was  ever  the  inspiration  and  the 
guiding  spirit  of  the  business.  Of  unimpeachable  integrity,  of  splendid 
executive  ability  and  with  his  long  experience  in  men  and  affairs,  his 
unusual  success  was  woven  from  the  elements  that  made  up  his  own 
character. 

How  beloved  he  was  by  his  friends,  and  in  how  high  regard  he 
was  held  by  his  business  associates  and  his  opponents  in  the  business 
world  was  shown  at  the  time  of  his  death  when  his  family  were 
almost  overwhelmed  with  the  evidences  of  love  and  admiration  from 
people  they  had  never  even  heard  of.  He  died  on  November  5, 
1898,  and  the  scores  of  men  who  had  been  in  his  employ  for  years 
mourned  for  him  as  though  for  a  father.  At  his  funeral  two  hun- 
dred employes  from  Stanley  attended  in  a  body  and  many  men  from 
distant  cities  as  well  as  hundreds  from  the  various  mills  and  factories 
with  which  Mr.  Moon  had  at  one  time  or  another  been  connected, 
crowded  the  church  to  its  utmost  capacity.  The  Reverend  Joseph 
Moran,  rector  of  Christ  Episcopal  Church,  of  Eau  Claire,  conducted 
the  services,  and  the  honorary  pall-bearers  were  Frederick  ]\Ieyer- 
haeuser,  J.  T.  Barber,  S.  T.  McKnight,  William  Irvin,  Smith  Rob- 
ertson, I.  K.  Kerr,  N.  C.  Wilcox  and  the  Honorable  M.  Griffin. 

The  personal  characteristics  of  Mr.  Moon  Avere  of  the  finest  and 
made  him  a  friend  of  everyone.  In  spite  of  the  responsibilities  of 
his  great  business  he  was  ever  genial  and  kindly.  A  fighter  by  in- 
stinct, with  the  courage  that  comes  from  contact  with  men  under 
the  pine  trees  and  in  the  open  places,  yet  he  was  never  one  to  take 
an  unfair  advantage, — justice  was  the  keynote  of  his  business  rela- 
tions with  all  men.  His  home  life  was  ideal  and  his  devotion  to  his 
wife  was  one  of  his  most  marked  characteristics.  On  almost  all  of 
his  business  trips  and  on  all  of  those  taken  for  pleasure  merely  she 
was  his  companion.  Mrs.  Moon  was  Miss  Sallie  Oilman,  of  Harri- 
son, Ohio,  before  her  marriage  to  Mr.  Moon,  which  took  place  on 
the  17th  of  October,  1858,  in  Aurora,  Illinois,  ilrs.  ]\Ioon  was  born 
in  New  York  State  in  1836,  and  her  death  occurred  in  1909.  Eight 
children  were  born  of  this  marriage,  six  of  whom  are  now  living.  Of 
these,  the  eldest,  Lawrence  G.,  lives  in  Spokane,  Washington;  Frank 
H.  died  in  February,  1907,  in  San  Jose,  California;  Kate  died  in 
infancy;  Angeline  is  the  wife  of  Joseph  G.  Dudley,  a  lawyer  of 
Buffalo,  New  York ;  Sumner  G.,  who  is  vice-president  and  treasurer 
of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Company;  Chester  D.,  who  is  secretary  of 
the  same  company ;  Pauline,  who  married  Otto  F.  Haveisen.  a  banker  of 
Indianapolis,  Indiana ;  and  Delos  R.  Moon,  who  is  president  of  the  Lin- 
derman  Box  and  Veneer  Company  of  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1425 

Sumner  G.  Moon.  Among  the  most  prominent  of  the  younger  men 
in  the  lumber  business  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin  today  is  Sumner  G. 
Moon,  vice-president  and  treasurer  of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Com- 
pany of  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin.  He  has  inherited  his  father's  business 
ability  as  well  as  the  strong  traits  in  his  character  that  made  him  the  suc- 
cessful man  of  aftairs  that  he  was.  Sumner  G.  Moon  is  a  splendidly  edu- 
cated, practical  business  man,  possessed  of  a  charming  personality  that 
has  won  him  many  and  warm  friends  both  in  the  business  world  and  in 
social  life. 

Sumner  G.  Moon  was  born  in  Hannibal,  Missouri,  on  the  25th  of 
December,  1871,  a  son  of  Delos  R.  Moon  and  Sallie  (Oilman)  Moon. 
His  father  was  one  of  the  pioneer  lumbermen  of  Wisconsin  and  a  sketch 
of  his  life  is  given  elsewhere  in  this  volume.  There  were  eight  children 
born  to  Delos  R.  Moon  and  his  wife,  six  of  whom  are  now  living. 

The  schools  of  Eau  Claire  furnished  Sumner  Moon  with  his  earlier 
education,  and  he  later  attended  the  Indianapolis  Classical  School  at 
Indianapolis,  Indiana.  His  first  position  in  the  business  world  was 
when,  as  a  mere  boy,  he  went  to  work  for  the  Sterling  Lumber  Com- 
pany, with  which  his  father  was  associated.  He  was  located  at  this  time 
at  Sterling,  AViseonsin,  remaining  there  from  July,  1891,  until  the  spring 
of  1893.  He  then  came  to  Eau  Claire  and  during  the  spring  of  1893 
and  until  the  fall  of  1894  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  Northwestern  Lum- 
ber Company  at  Eau  Claire.  Then  leaving  the  lumber  business  for  a 
time  he  went  east  and  entered  Andover  Academy,  at  Andover,  IMassachu- 
setts,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1895.  He  then  entered  the  Shef- 
field Scientific  School  of  Yale  University,  where  he  took  a  three  years 
course,  graduating  with  the  class  of  1898.  He  made  a  fine  record  as  a 
student  and  returned  to  his  business,  well  equipped  for  the  fight. 

Upon  his  return  he  re-entered  the  ranks  of  the  Northwestern  Lum- 
ber Company,  being  made  secretary  of  the  company.  He  held  this  posi- 
tion until  1904  when  he  became  vice-president  and  treasurer,  a  position 
of  which  he  is  the  present  incumbent.  -He  became  interested  in  the  bank- 
ing business  a  number  of  years  ago  and  became  vice-president  of  the 
Bank  of  Eau  Claire.  In  1906  this  bank  was  re-organized  as  the  Union 
National  Bank,  and  Mr.  Moon  is  at  present  one  of  the  directors  of  this 
institution. 

He  is  one  of  the  popular  members  of  the  Eau  Claire  Club  and  of 
the  Eau  Claire  Country  Club.  In  polities  he  is  a  member  of  the  Repub- 
lican party  and  he  belongs  to  Eau  Claire  Lodge,  No.  402,  of  the  Benev- 
olent and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

]\Ir.  IMoon  married  Catherine  Chamberlin  on  the  22nd  of  January, 
1903.  Mrs.  ]\Ioon  is  a  native  of  Eau  Claire,  and  has  lived  praetieallj 
all  of  her  life  here.  They  are  the  parents  of  two  daughters,  Lucy  Ann 
and  Sallie  Oilman. 


1426  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Chester  Delos  Moon.  The  Moon  family  is  well  known  througliout 
the  state  of  Wisconsin,  for  the  father  was  one  of  the  pioneer  lumbermen 
of  this  section  of  the  country  and  his  sons  have  shown  the  same  business 
ability  that  made  the  father  so  successful.  Chester  Delos  Moon,  secre- 
tary of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Company,  is  one  of  the  best  known 
and  most  popular  of  the  younger  business  men  in  the  city.  Chester 
JMoon  occupies  the  difficult  position  of  being  of  the  second  generation, 
that  generation  that  is  supposed  to  waste  the  fortune  that  the  first  gen- 
eration has  piled  up.  That  he  is  not  doing  this,  but  instead  is  proving 
a  true  son  of  his  father  is  sufficient  proof  that  he  is  possessed  of  a  strong 
character  and  clear  head. 

Chester  Delos  Moon  is  the  son  of  Delos  R.  and  Sallie  (Gilman)  ]\Ioon, 
concerning  whom  mention  is  made  in  another  part  of  this  volume.  He 
was  born  in  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin,  on  the  9th  of  July,  1874,  the  sixth 
child  of  his  parents.  He  had  eight  brothers  and  sisters,  of  whom  six  are 
now  living.  He  was  sent  as  a  young  boy  to  the  famous  Shattuck  School, 
at  Faribault,  Minnesota,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of 
1893.  He  then  entered  the  employ  of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Com- 
pany for  a  time  and  later  matriculated  at  Phillips  Academy  at  Andover, 
Massachusetts,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1896.  Upon  his  return 
to  Eau  Claire,  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Com- 
pany again,  and  in  1904  he  became  secretary  of  this  company.  He  has 
held  this  office  since  that  time.  He  is  interested  in  other  business  enter- 
prises in  Eau  Claire,  being  a  stockholder  in  the  Union  National  Bank 
and  in  the  Union  Savings  Bank. 

Mr.  Moon  is  very  popular  in  social  circles  in  the  city,  and  is  a  mem- 
ber of  a  number  of  clubs,  among  them  being  the  Eau  Claire  Country 
Club,  the  Eau  Claire  Club,  and  the  Eau  Claire  Auto  Club.  He  is  also 
a  member  of  the  Eau  Claire  Lodge,  No.  402,  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  Elks.  In  polities  Mr.  Moon  is  a  member  of  the  Republican 
party. 

On  the  22nd  of  May,  1902,  Mr..  Moon  was  married  to  Edith  Bueklin, 
of  New  York  City.     They  have  two  children,  Marjorie  and  Bueklin  R. 

Delos  R.  Moon,  Jr.  One  of  the  younger  members  of  the  Moon  fam- 
ily, two  generations  of  which  have  been  prominentl.y  identified  with  the 
lumbering  and  manufacturing  industries  of  northern  Wisconsin  since 
pioneer  time,  Delos  R.  Moon,  Jr.,  has  inherited  much  of  the  ability  and 
talent  of  his  late  father,  whose  name  he  bears,  and  is  now  one  of  the  best 
known  industrial  leaders  of  the  city  of  Eau  Claire. 

Delos  R.  Moon.  Jr.,  the  youngest  child  of  Delos  R.  and  Sallie  (Gil- 
man)  Moon,  was  born  at  Dansville  in  Livingston  county.  New  York, 
August  29,  1879.  The  history  and  career  of  the  senior  Delos  R.  ]Moon, 
as  one  of  the  foremost  men  of  Eau  Claire,  are  recited  on  other  pages  of 
this  work.    Delos  R.  Jr.,  was  educated  in  the  Eau  Claire  public  schools. 


^^^^ 


2:^. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1427 

after  which  he  attended  the  Hillside  Academy,  Beloit  Academy  and  the 
Phillips  Academy  at  Andover,  Massachusetts.  With  a  good  education, 
and  a  cultural  training  better  than  that  afforded  most  youths,  he  re- 
turned to  Wisconsin  and  entered  the  purchasing  department  of  the 
Northwestern  Lumber  Company  of  Eau  Claire,  a  company  of  which  his 
father  was  then  president.  He  continued  with  the  company  for  a  time, 
and  in  1901  became  president  of  the  Linderman  Box  and  Veneer  Com- 
pany of  Eau  Claire,  and  as  president  has  directed  the  destinies  of  this 
concern  to  success  and  importance  among  the  manufacturing  enterprises 
of  the  city.  Mr.  Moon  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  Union  National  Bank 
of  Eau  Claire.  He  is  a  Republican  in  politics  and  is  affiliated  with  Eau 
Claire  Lodge  No.  402,  B.  P.  0.  E. 

On  October  16,  1901,  Delos  R.  Moon,  Jr.,  married  Miss  Bertha  E. 
Dean,  who  was  born  at  Rice  Lake,  Wisconsin,  the  second  of  six  children 
born  to  Charles  H.  and  Laura  (Allen)  Dean.  Both  her  parents  were 
natives  of  Massachusetts  and  are  still  living.  The  two  daughters  of  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Moon  are  Elizabeth  and  Laura  Dean. 

Levia  H.  Bancroft.  For  twenty-five  years  Levia  H.  Bancroft  has 
been  one  of  the  notable  political  leaders  and  lawyers  of  Wisconsin. 
He  has  enjoyed  many  honors  culminating  in  his  recent  term  as 
attorney  general  of  the  state,  and  he  has  repeatedly  justified  his 
preferment  by  a  high  quality  of  public  service. 

Born  at  Bear  Creek  in  Sauk  county,  Wisconsin,  December  26, 
1860,  Mr.  Bancroft  started  life  "with  two  advantages — he  came  of 
good  family  stock,  and  he  spent  his  youth  in  the  wholesome  environ- 
ment of  a  farm.  Up  to  the  time  he  Avas  fourteen  he  attended  country 
schools  during  the  winter  and  worked  on  the  farm  in  the  open 
seasons.  On  the  removal  of  the  family  to  Lone  Rock  in  Richland 
county,  he  began  attending  the  town  schools  and  also  gained  some 
business  experience  as  a  clerk  in  a  general  store. 

At  the  age  of  eighteen  he  qualified  ^as  teacher  in  a  grammar 
school,  and  two  years  later  was  appointed  principal  of  the  Lone  Rock 
high  school,  remaining  in  charge  for  one  year.  His  ambition  had 
already  been  directed  to  the  law,  and  entering  the  law  department  of 
the  University  of  Wisconsin  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1884. 
His  career  as  a  lawyer  began  at  Richland  Center,  and  that  is  still  his 
home  city  and  his  associations  have  been  chiefly  with  the  bar  of  that 
county. 

In  a  practice  extending  over  a  period  of  twenty-eight  years  he 
has  met  and  mastered  many  adversaries,  has  given  his  legal  ability 
to  causes  of  a  humble  nature,  and  in  behalf  of  needful  clients,  as  well 
as  to  litigation  involving  large  property  rights,  and  has  appeared  as 
counsel  in  many  noted  criminal  eases.  His  work  as  a  lawyer  has  been 
performed  not  only  in  his  home  state,  but  he  has  tried  cases  in  Illinois, 


1428  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Michigan,  New  York,  Nebraska,  Minnesota  and  Iowa,  and  has  ap- 
peared in  several  weighty  cases  in  the  United  States  Supreme  court. 
His  record  included  seven  murder  cases  with  five  acquittals  for  his 
clients. 

As  a  Republican  Mr.  Bancroft  took  an  interest  in  polities  about  as 
soon  as  he  could  vote,  and  his  first  important  honor  in  public  life 
came  in  1888  with  his  election  as  district  attorney  of  Richland  county. 
He  also  served  as  city  attorney  for  six  years,  as  city  supervisor  two 
years,  in  1897  was  appointed  to  the  office  of  county  judge,  and  by 
election  in  1898  continued  in  office  four  years  longer. 

On  the  first  of  January,  1903,  Mr.  Bancroft  was  appointed  first 
assistant  general  attorney  for  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  and  performed 
the  duties  of  this  position  for  two  years,  at  the  end  of  which  time 
he  resigned  and  engaged  in  general  practice  at  Richland  Center. 
Elected  in  1906,  and  reelected  in  1908,  Mr.  Bancroft  distinguished 
himself  for  capable  and  efficient  service  during  four  years  in  the 
general  assembly  and  in  1909  was  speaker  of  the  house.  Then  in 
November,  1910,  the  state  electorate  chose  him  for  the  office  of  attor- 
ney general,  and  he  retired  from  office  at  the  beginning  of  1913  with 
a  record  of  exceptional  performance. 

He  has  served  as  a  delegate  at  all  of  the  Republican  state  conven- 
tions since  1892,  and  in  the  work  of  the  party  and  on  many  public 
occasions  his  aid  has  been  considered  indispensable.  He  was  chair- 
man of  the  state  convention  in  1902.  In  May,  1907,  he  was  elected  to 
deliver  the  address  and  dedication  of  the  Audersonville  monument  at 
Anderson ville,  Georgia.  At  the  Seattle  Exposition  of  1910  he  filled 
the  place  of  the  Governor  in  delivering  the  Wisconsin  address,  and 
was  also  a  representative  of  this  state  at  the  dedication  of  the  Vicks- 
burg  Memorial  in  1911.  Fraternally  Mr.  Bancroft  has  been  affiliated 
with  Palestine  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  at  Lone  Rock  since  1881,  and  is 
also  a  member  of  Richland  Center  Chapter,  R.  A.  M.  Another  fact 
of  his  career  which  deserves  mention  was  his  five  years'  identification 
with  the  National  Guards  of  the  State  of  Wisconsin.  On  June  18, 
1907,  Governor  Davison  appointed  him  judge  advocate  of  the  Wis- 
consin National  Guards,  Avith  the  rank  of  colonel,  and  he  served  until 
January,  1913,  Avhen  he  resigned,  retiring  to  private  life  with  the 
rank  of  colonel. 

Mr.  Bancroft  is  a  son  of  George  R.  and  Helen  (Randolph)  Ban- 
croft. His  father  was  born  in  Schoharie  county,  New  York,  in  1834, 
and  his  mother  in  Winnebago  county.  Illinois,  in  1841.  The  parents 
were  married  in  Sauk  county,  Wisconsin,  in  1859,  and  Levia  H.  was 
the  first  of  their  seven  children,  of  whom  four  are  now  living.  George 
I.  Bancroft,  the  father,  who  has  long  been  a  substantial  and  influen- 
tial citizen  of  Wisconsin,  came  to  Sauk  county  in  1855,  and  as  one 
of  the  early  settlers  of  that  vicinity  hewed  a  farm  out  of  the  Avilder- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1429 

ness.  In  1874  he  moved  to  Lone  Rock,  Richland  county,  where  he 
was  engaged  in  the  general  merchandise  business  up  to  1902,  at 
which  time  he  retired.  A  Republican,  he  has  always  performed  his 
share  of  public  duties.  At  the  time  of  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted,  but 
was  rejected  on  account  of  physical  infirmities,  and  Governor  Harvey 
then  appointed  him  recruiting  officer.  For  thirteen  years  he  served 
as  supervisor  of  Bear  Creek  township  in  Sauk  county,  was  a  member 
of  the  school  board  in  that  county  and  also  in  Richland  county  and 
for  several  years  was  chairman  of  the  Lone  Rock  high  school  board. 
The  original  Bancroft  ancestor  was  John,  who  came  from  England  in 
1640  and  was  a  resident  of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  On  the  maternal 
side  Mr.  Bancroft  is  Scotch.  His  grandfather,  P.  J.  Randolph,  a 
blacksmith  by  trade,  was  one  of  the  vigorous  abolitionists,  was  a 
forceful  writer  against  slavery,  and  had  the  friendship  of  both 
Phillips  and  Garrison.    John  Randolph  of  Virginia  was  his  cousin. 

Levia  H.  Bancroft  was  married  June  11,  1890,  to  Miss  Myrtle 
DeLap,  a  native  of  Viroqua,  Vernon  county,  Wisconsin.  They  are  the 
parents  of  two  children,  Carolyn  and  Blaine. 

John  I.  Evans.  A  business  man  of  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin,  who  has 
been  identified  with  this  city  for  twenty-five  years,  Mr.  Evans  began  his 
career  here  as  a  subordinate  employe  in  one  of  the  large  lumber  firms, 
and  after  a  varied  experience  as  traveling^  man,  local  superintendent  and 
in  various  other  grades  of  service  acquired  a  position  of  independence, 
and  for  a  number  of  years  has  been  one  of  the  leading  business  men  of 
this  city. 

John  I.  Evans  was  born  in  Oneida  county,  Ncav  York,  November  14, 
1861,  a  son  of  Richard  Evans.  His  mother  died  when  he  was  a  small 
boy.  The  father,  who  was  born  in  Wales,  and  whose  death  occurred  in 
1898,  immigrated  to  America  in  1856,  bringing  his  wife  and  three  chil- 
dren, locating  in  Oneida  county.  New  York,  where  he  was  engaged  in 
farming.  During  the  last  five  years  of  his  life  he  was  retired.  He  was 
a  substantial  citizen,  and  highly  respected  in  his  community,  and  one 
of  the  active  members  of  the  Methodist  church.  There  were  eight  chil- 
dren in  the  family,  John  R.  being  the  fifth,  and  three  are  still  living. 

Mr.  Evans  was  reared  in  New  York  State,  attending  the  district 
schools  of  Oneida  county,  and  subsequently  fitting  himself  for  a  commer- 
cial career  by  a  course  in  the  Eastman's  Business  College  at  Poughkeep- 
sie,  New  York,  where  he  graduated  with  the  class  of  1882.  With  this 
preparation  he  came  west  to  Milwaukee  in  the  spring  of  1882,  and  for 
about  one  year  worked  as  a  clerk  on  the  docks  for  the  Sanger  Rockwell 
Company.  He  became  connected  with  the  lumber  business  as  superin- 
tendent of  the  yards  for  the  C.  J.  Kershaw  Lumber  Company.  From 
that  place  he  represented  the  Wisconsin  Planing  Mill  Company  in  south- 
western Kansas.     For  the  North  and  South  Lumber  Company  he  was 


1430  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

engaged  in  locating  retail  lumber  yards  and  was  superintendent  of  build- 
ing construction  for  this  company  in  Kansas  for  about  three  years. 
Then  in  1888  he  returned  to  Wisconsin  and  located  in  Eau  Claire,  which 
city  has  been  his  permanent  residence  now  for  a  quarter  of  a  centiiry. 
Here  he  became  superintendent  for  the  Westville  Lumber  Company, 
remaining  in  that  connection  for  five  years,  and  subsequently  was  super- 
intendent of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Company,  until  1904.  At  that 
date  he  engaged  in  independent  enterprise  as  a  retail  lumber  dealer. 
In  1905  his  enterprise  was  incorporated  under  the  name  of  the  Evans- 
Lee  Company,  dealing  in  lumber,  coal  and  w^ood.  Mr.  Evans  is  president 
of  the  company,  and  is  also  connected  with  other  local  enterprises,  being 
a  stockholder  in  the  C.  W.  Cheeney  Company  in  the  grain  elevator  and 
flour  mills. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Evans  is  affiliated  with  Eau  Claire  Lodge  No.  112  A. 
F.  &  A.  M.,  Eau  Claire  Chapter  No.  36,  R.  A.  :\1..  Eau  Claire  Command- 
ery  No.  8,  K.  T.,  Wisconsin  Consistory,  Tripoli  Temple  of  the  Mystic 
Shrine,  and  has  thirty-two  degrees  of  the  Scottish  Rite.  In  politics  he  is 
a  Republican.  On  February  20,  1887,  Mr.  Evans  married  IMiss  IMary 
Owens,  who  was  born  at  New  Hartford,  in  Oneida  county,  New  York. 

William  Dexter  Curtis.  In  the  business,  manufacturing  and  civic 
progress  of  ^ladison  no  name  has  been  more  conspicuous  than  that  of 
Curtis,  represented  by  father  and  son.  The  late  Dexter  Curtis  was  for 
years  a  prominent  figure  both  in  this  city  and  elsewhere,  having  been  a 
pioneer  lumberman,  a  raiser  of  fine  stock,  and  a  manufacturer  who 
developed  his  own  patents  into  a  business  of  nation-wide  proportions 
and  with  branches  in  Europe. 

The  son,  William  Dexter  Curtis,  has  succeeded  to  the  large  interests 
of  his  father  and  by  his  own  ability  has  identified  himself  with  many 
affairs  in  his  home  city.  Mr.  Curtis  is  the  proprietor  of  the  Dexter  Cur- 
tis Company,  manufacturers,  is  the  managing  head  of  the  Commercial 
National  Bank  of  IMadison,  has  served  the  city  as  mayor,  and  has  many 
influential  relations  with  the  business  and  civic  enterprises  of  this  city. 

William  Dexter  Curtis  ^vas  born  at  Chicago,  July  4,  1857,  a  son  of 
Dexter  and  Hannah  (Brown)  Curtis.  The  founder  of  this  branch  of  the 
family  in  America  was  Sardis  Curtis,  the  great-grandfather  of  William 
Dexter,  this  ancestor  having  come  from  England.  The  late  Dexter  Cur- 
tis, whose  death  occurred  in  1900,  was  born  at  Schenectady,  New  York, 
September  8,  1820.  His  wife  was  born  near  Brattleboro,  Vermont,  in 
1824,  and  died  in  1877,  their  marriage  having  occurred  in  Vermont. 
The  three  children  are :  Estella,  the  widow  of  James  E.  Baker :  William 
Dexter;  and  Franklin  IL,  who  died  on  April  6,  1913. 

The  late  Dexter  Curtis  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  New 
York  state  and  New  Hampshire,  but  his  years  with  books  were  limited, 
and  at  fourteen  he  began  earning  his  way  by  getting  out  barrel  staves 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1431 

from  the  woods.  In  1840,  when  about  twenty  years  old,  he  came  west 
and  located  near  Detroit,  Michigan,  at  a  place  later  known  as  Curtisville. 
The  lumber  business  was  then  at  its  height  all  over  the  state  of  Michi- 
gan, and  he  engaged  in  that  line  at  his  first  location,  afterwards  moved 
to  Van  Buren  county  in  the  same  state,  and  conducted  a  large  enterprise 
in  lumbering  and  sawmilling.  He  finally  traded  his  business  for  thir- 
teen hundred  acres  of  land  in  Dane  county,  Wisconsin,  where  he  trans- 
ferred his  energies  to  farming  and  the  raising  of  thoroughbred  stock. 
The  production  of  fine  stock  was  a  favorite  pursuit  with  him,  and  he 
kept  it  up  practically  to  the  close  of  his  life.  For  some  time  after  his 
removal  to  Wisconsin,  be  also  conducted  a  large  lumber  and  milling 
industry  at  Memphis,  Tennessee,  and  on  selling  that  was  engaged  in  a 
general  merchandise  business  at  Sun  Prairie  in  Dane  county  until  1870. 

In  1870  he  invented  and  patented  what  for  more  than  forty  years  has 
been  known  as  the  Curtis  zinc  horse-collar  pad.  This  was  an  article 
of  more  than  ordinary  utility,  and  through  the  enterprise  of  Dexter 
Curtis  became  the  basis  for  a  large  maniifacturing  industry.  He  began 
its  manufacture  at  Buchanan,  Michigan,  where  for  some  years  his  asso- 
ciate was  his  old  friend  J.  L.  Richards,  under  the  firm  name  of  the  Zinc 
Collar  Pad  Company.  After  selling  out  his  store  at  Sun  Prairie,  he 
removed  his  factory  for  the  manufacture  of  the  collar  pads  and  saddlery 
specialties  to  ]\Iadison,  and  here  the  business  has  been  developed  to  its 
maximum  proportions.  To  give  the  trade  its  fullest  extension  he  estab- 
lished a  branch  house  at  Birmingham,  England,  in  1872.  Mr.  Curtis 
was  also  for  a  time  in  the  drygoods  business  at  Madison,  and  continued 
to  be  actively  associated  with  his  manufacturing  enterprise  up  to  the 
time  of  his  death.  He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  legislature  in  1884, 
when  the  term  was  for  one  year,  and  also  served  in  the  city  council.  He 
was  affiliated  with  the  Masonic  order,  and  in  politics  yvas  a  Democrat. 

William  Dexter  Curtis  had  during  bis  j^outh  many  of  the  advantages 
which  his  father  had  lacked.  He  was  given  a  first  class  education,  attend- 
ing first  the  schools  at  Sun  Prairie,  then  the  State  Normal  at  White- 
water, and  for  three  years  was  a  student  in  the  Highland  IMilitary 
Academy  at  Worcester,  Massachusetts.  After  finishing  at  this  school 
he  declined  an  appointment  to  West  Point,  offered  by  President  Grant, 
and  turned  his  attention  to  business. 

In  1881  he  became  connected  with  the  wholesale  house  of  the  John  Y. 
Farwell  drygoods  company  of  Chicago,  and  rose  to  important  responsi- 
bilities during  the  fifteen  years  he  spent  with  this  noted  firm.  He  was 
finally  given  the  work  of  making  settlements  with  unsuccessful  or  bank- 
rupt firms  to  which  the  Farwell  Company  Avere  creditors.  In  this  capac- 
ity he  took  charge  of  a  drygoods  house  at  Wichita.  Kansas,  with  an 
indebtedness  of  $47,500,  and  in  twelve  months  put  the  business  on  a  pay- 
ing basis  and  gave  the  creditors  a  hundred  cents  on  the  dollar.  In  this 
way  he  adjusted  many  other  accounts  for  his  company. 


1432  IIISTOKV  OF  WISCONSIN 

In  1896,  owing  to  his  father 's  failing  health,  IMr.  Curtis  came  to  Mad- 
ison and  took  full  charge  of  the  maufacturing  business.  He  continued 
to  manage  it  for  the  estate  until  he  acquired  the  interests  of  the  other 
heirs,  and  has  since  been  sole  owner  but  conducts  the  business  under  the 
old  name  of  Dexter  Curtis  Company.  In  addition  to  the  factory  in 
England,  established  by  his  father,  he  maintains  a  sales  agency  at  Troys, 
France. 

Mr.  Curtis  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Commercial  National 
Bank  of  Madison  on  January  10,  1908,  and  served  as  director  to  April, 
1909. 

In  April,  1909,  he  took  up  the  burden  of  vice-president  and  manager 
of  the  Commercial  National  Bank,  which  office  he  held  until  July  1st, 
1913.  During  this  period  of  four  years  the  deposits  increased  from 
three  hundred  thousand  to  one  million  dollars.  He  resigned  as  vice 
president  and  manager  of  the  bank  on  account  of  poor  health.  He  is 
also  a  director  in  the  Savings  Loan  &  Trust  Company  of  Madison ;  vice 
president  of  the  L.  L.  Oldes  Seed  Company  of  Madison;  vice  president 
of  the  T.  S.  Morris  Company,  and  president  of  the  Madison  Square  Real 
Estate  Company.  He  owns  a  large  amount  of  property  in  the  city  of 
Madison  and  elsewhere. 

In  April,  1904,  the  citizens  of  Madison  chose  Mr.  Curtis  as  mayor 
of  the  city,  there  being  no  opposition  to  his  candidacy,  and  after  the 
first  term  of  two  years  he  was  offered  re-election,  but  declined  the  honor. 
For  five  years  he  was  a  director  of  the  Madison  Park  &  Pleasure  Driving 
Association.  He  is  affiliated  with  Hiram  Lodge  No.  5,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
and  politically  is  independent. 

Mr.  Curtis  was  married  in  Chicago,  in  May,  1888,  to  Miss  Mamie 
Celesta  Clark,  daughter  of  Louis  Clai-k.  Mr.  Curtis  and  wife  became 
the  parents  of  four  children:  William  Dexter,  Jr.,  who  is  manager  and 
superintendent  of  the  Dexter  Curtis  Company,  and  who  married  Wini- 
fred Willis;  Irene  May,  Tobin  S.  and  Alice  Brown  Curtis.  Mrs. 
W.  D.  Curtis  died  January  10,  1913.  She  had  taken  a  prominent  part 
in  the  civic  and  religious  work  of  the  city  and  was  widely  esteemed  and 
respected.  Her  great  energies  in  philanthropic  circles  had  also  elicited 
much  admiration,  and  her  demise  has  occasioned  widespread  regret. 

Judge  Robert  G.  Siebeckbr,  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the 
State  of  Wisconsin,  whose  brief  memoir  is  given  in  the  following  pages, 
is  well  known  to  the  bar  and  bench  of  the  State,  as  a  careful,  pains- 
taking, conscientious  and  profound  lawyer,  a  thorough  scholar,  and  a 
jurist  who  has  always  maintained  the  dignity  of  his  exalted  position. 
His  career  has  been  a  striking  example,  in  the  upward  strides  of  per- 
sonal ftierit,  of  the  distinction  that  may  be  achieved  through  conscien- 
tious performance  of  duty,  and  of  the  honors  bestowed  upon  those  who 
are  willing  to  give  more  to  the  public  service  than  they  have  taken  from 


HISTOEY  OF  WISCONSIN  1433 

it.  Judge  Siebecker  was  born  in  Sauk  county,  Wisconsin,  October  17, 
1854,  and  is  a  son  of  William  H.  and  Christina  (Grof )  Siebecker,  natives 
of  Germany. 

The  parents  of  Judge  Siebecker  came  to  the  United  States  in  1851, 
landing  at  New  York  City,  and  on  October  1st  of  that  year  arrived  in 
Sauk  county,  Wisconsin.  William  H.  Siebecker  was  a  farmer  by  voca- 
tion, and  a  man  who  reflected  all  the  sturdy  traits  of  his  countrymen. 
He  was  successful  in  his  agricultural  operations,  in  which  he  was  en- 
gaged until  his  retirement  in  1888,  and  was  no  less  prominent  in  the 
work  of  the  German  Independent  Lutheran  Church,  donating  the  land 
for,  and  assisting  in  the  erection  of,  the  church  structure  near  his  home. 
This  same  society,  which  in  no  small  degree  owes  its  existence  to  his 
earnest  and  disinterested  personal  efforts,  is  still  being  maintained. 
Having  come  to  this  country  on  account  of  his  liberal  political  views, 
he  held  independent  opinions  throughout  his  life.  He  died  August  16, 
1900,  in  his  eighty-second  year,  and  his  wife  passed  away  April  13,  1876, 
when  she  was  fifty-six  years  of  age.  They  had  ten  children,  of  whom 
five  were  born  in  Germany,  Robert  G.  being  the  first  to  be  born  in  this 
country. 

Robert  G.  Siebecker  received  his  early  education  in  the  district 
schools  of  Sauk  county,  while  working  on  his  father's  farm,  and  subse- 
quently attended  a  Madison  private  academy,  after  leaving  which  he 
took  up  and  completed  a  four  years'  course  in  arts  and  science  in 
1878  with  the  degree  of  B.  S.  in  the  University  of  Wisconsin.  He  there- 
after completed  the  law  course  of  the  TJniversity,  receiving  his  degree  in 
June,  1880.  He  had  been  admitted  to  the  bar  by  the  State  Board  of 
Examiners  in  1879,  and  on  October  4th  of  that  year  began  the  practice 
of  his  profession  in  partnership  with  Charles  H.  Dudley.  This  con- 
nection continued  until  September,  1881,  when  he  became  associated 
in  practice  with  his  brother-in-law,  Robert  M.  LaFollette,  now  United 
States  Senator,  and  the  firm  of  LaFollette  &  Siebecker  continued  to 
carry  on  a  large  professional  business  until  January  7,  1890,  when  Mr. 
Siebecker  became  Circuit  Judge.  In  April,  1903,  he  was  elected  Justice 
of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Wisconsin,  and  still  remains  an  incumbent  of 
this  high  office.  The  life  and  public  services  of  Judge  Siebecker  con- 
stitute the  best  refutation  of  the  theory  that  long  service  by  a  public 
servant  is  necessarily  detrimental  to  public  interests.  In  every  capacity 
in  which  he  has  served  the  public  he  has  increased  his  value  by  studying 
his  duties,  thus  becoming  of  the  greatest  service  to  the  people  and  to  the 
State.  In  his  earlier  years  he  was  a  Democrat,  but  in  1893  his  views 
on  the  subject  of  Free  Trade  caused  him  to  transfer  his  allegiance  to 
the  Republican  party.  From  1886  to  1890  he  served  as  city  attorney  of 
Madison.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Madison  Benevolent  So- 
ciety, being  a  member  of  the  board  for  twenty-three  years,  when  it  was 
reorganized  as  the  Associate  Charity  and  of  which  he  is  also  a  member 


1434  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

of  the  board.  Fraternally  Judge  Siebecker  is  connected  with  JMadison 
Lodge,  No.  5,  A.  F.  &  A.  j\I.;  Madison  Chapter,  R.  A.  M.,  and  Robert 
McCoy  Commandery,  K.  T.  He  supports  the  various  movements  of  the 
Unitarian  Church,  and  has  always  co-operated  with  other  earnest  and 
hard-working  citizens  in  advancing  the  cause  of  religion,  morality 
and  education. 

On  May  15,  1878,  Judge  Siebecker  was  married  to  Miss  Josephine 
LaFollette,  who  was  born  at  Primrose,  Dane  count}-,  Wisconsin,  daugh- 
ter of  Josiah  and  Mary  (Ferguson)  LaFollette,  and  sister  of  United 
States  Senator  Robert  M.  LaFollette.  Three  children  have  been  born 
to  this  union,  namely:  Carl  L.,  Robert  L.  and  Lee  L.  Judge  Siebecker 
and  his  family  reside  at  Xo.  133  East  Gorham  street. 

WiLLiAiE  A.  Devine.  The  public  service  as  a  career  is  seldom 
realized  in  America  owing  to  the  vicissitudes  of  our  political  adminis- 
tration. What  it  might  be  has  been  well  exeniplitied  in  the  case  of  Wil- 
liam A.  Devine,  the  present  postmaster  at  Madison.  ^Ir.  Devine  has 
been  identified  with  the  postal  service  of  this  city  for  more  than  a 
quarter  of  a  century.  Starting  as  a  carrier,  he  passed  through  the 
various  grades  in  the  regular  civil  service,  and  in  1911  was  properly 
rewarded  with  promotion  by  President  Taft  to  the  executive  control 
of  the  office. 

Mr.  Devine  was  born  in  ^Madison,  December  25,  1863,  a  son  of  John 
and  Anna  (Cass)  Devine.  His  father,  a  native  of  county  Limerick, 
Ireland,  died  April  11,  1875.  The  mother,  a  native  of  county  Tipperary, 
Ireland,  is  living  at  the  age  of  seventy-one.  The  parents  were  married 
in  ^ladison,  and  of  their  five  children  three  are  living,  William  A.  the 
oldest.  The  father  was  a  boy  when  his  family  emigrated  to  America 
and  located  on  a  farm  in  Dane  county,  Wisconsin,  where  they  were  pion- 
eers. After  reaching  manhood  he  began  his  career  as  a  farmer,  but  later 
moved  into  Madison,  where  he  was  a  federal  employe  until  his  death. 
Avhich  occurred  when  he  was  still  a  young  man.  In  politics  he  was  a 
Democrat,  and  was  a  member  of  the  Catholic  faith. 

Mr.  Devine  received  his  early  education  in  the  parochial  schools 
of  Madison,  but  the  death  of  his  father  when  he  was  a  boy  of  twelve 
threw  him  early  into  the  serious  business  of  life.  His  first  regular  wages 
were  from  work  in  the  printing  office  of  the  Madison  Democrat.  He 
was  then  employed  by  the  old  IMilwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad  (now 
the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul)  on  construction  work  on  the  IMil- 
waukee and  Prairie  du  Chien  division,  and  later  ni  the  car  repairing 
department. 

On  the  1st  of  June,  1886,  he  became  a  letter  carrier  with  the  Madison 
postoffiee.  Several  months  later,  on  October  1st,  he  was  made  super- 
intendent of  carriers.  June  1,  1891,  he  was  placed  in  charge  of  the 
money  order  department,  and  on  June  1,  1899,  became  assistant  post- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1435 

m.aster,  the  highest  position  obtainable  under  the  classified  civil  service. 
Then  on  January  9,  1911,  President  Taft  commissioned  him  postmaster. 
^Ir.  Devine  was  one  of  the  organizers  and  the  first  president  of  the  As- 
sistant Postmasters  Association  of  Wisconsin  and  he  served  as  secretary 
and  treasurer  of  the  Wisconsin  Postmasters  Association  for  two  years, 
and  was  elected  president  of  the  above  association  on  September  8th, 
1913.  He  served  as  secretary  of  the  Civil  Service  Board  for  eleven 
years,  is  a  member  of  the  Madison  Board  of  Commerce,  and  is  one  of 
the  liberal  and  public  spirited  men  of  his  city,  liberal  to  a  fault  with 
his  friends  but  conscientious  with  himself. 

I\Ir.  William  A.  Devine  was  married  September  26.  1894,  to  Miss 
IMartha  Dowling,  who  is  also  a  native  of  IMadison.  Their  home  circle 
.comprises  three  children,  Margaret,  Katherine  and  Mary. 

Fraternally  he  is  affiliated  with  the  Madisoa  Council  No.  531, 
Knights  of  Columbus,  and  has  served  two  years  as  district  deputy  and 
four  years  was  secretary  of  the  fourth  degree  assembly.  He  is  also 
a  member  of  the  Catholic  Knights  of  Wisconsin.  He  has  twice  held  the 
post  of  exalted  ruler  in  Madison  Lodge  No.  410,  B.  P.  0.  E.  Mr.  Devine 
is  a  communicant  of  the  Catholic  church,  and  his  politics  are  Democratic. 

William  F.  Vilas.  Each  state  in  the  Union  has  a  few  men  whom 
she  can  call  great ;  it  may  be  that  they  are  great  only  in  a  local  sense, 
but  they  are  her  great  men;  then  it  is  given  to  a  few  states  to  claim  as 
her  sons,  men  who  are  in  a  truer  sense  men  of  the  nation,  for  their  great- 
ness is  a  greatness  that  cannot  be  confined  within  the  limits  of  a  state. 
Of  the  latter  class  was  the  late  William  F.  Vilas,  honored  and  beloved 
throughout  the  state  and  nation  during  liis  lifetime;  held  in  tender 
memory  now  that  he  has  gone  from  among  us.  No  truer  words  of  him 
can  be  written  than  those  spoken  by  the  Honorable  James  G.  Jenkins, 
in  his  Memorial  Address :  "In  all  positions  to  which  he  was  called,  in 
all  the  work  which  he  undertook,  he  applied  himself  to  the  discharge  of 
duty  with  an  energy  which  knew  no  flagging,  mth  a  devotion  which 
knew  no  turning,  sparing  neither  himself  nor  others  that  faith  might  be 
kept  and  duty  performed.  This  characteristic  runs  through  all  his 
life  and  illuminates  all  his  work.  He  was,  it  is  true,  ambitious;  but  it 
was  the  noble  ambition  to  excel.  He  desired  place  and  power,  not  from 
sordid  motive,  but  for  the  opportunities  they  offered  for  usefulness. 
He  sought  to  aid  his  kind  by  teaching  them  and  helping  them  to  help 
themselves.  He  recognized  the  truth  that  indiscriminate  charity  is 
hurtful  both  to  the  giver  and  to  the  receiver,  and  that  that  is  true  char- 
ity which  aids  to  build  up  independence  of  character  and  self-reliance. 
With  wise  statesmanship,  he  saw  that  the  best  remedy  for  the  ills  of 
government,  the  true  safeguard  from  the  evils  of  passion  and  preju- 
dice, the  sure  foundation  for  manly  independence  of  character  and  good 
citizenship,  the  anchor  which  can  hold  the  ship  of  state  in  the  storms 


1436  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

which  beset  her,  the  main  essential  of  success  for  the  individual,  is  edu- 
cation." A  soldier,  an  orator,  a  statesman,  and  in  each  role,  thinking 
first  of  his  country  and  her  people  and  lastly  of  himself — such  was 
"William  F.  Vilas,  and  the  bare  outline  of  his  life  which  follows  can 
give  no  true  idea  of  the  real  greatness  of  the  man. 

"William  Freeman  Vilas  was  born  on  the  9th  of  July,  1840,  at  Chel- 
sea, Vermont.  His  father  was  Levi  Baker  Vilas  and  his  mother  was 
Esther  Green  Smilie.  When  the  boy  was  eleven  years  old  his  parents 
came  to  the  west,  arriving  in  Madison,  Wisconsin  on  the  5th  of  June, 
1851.  His  early  education  had  been  well  cared  for,  and  he  was  unusu- 
ally young  when  he  entered  the  University  of  Wisconsin.  He  was  a 
brilliant  student,  and  his  college  career  was  a  fair  example  of  what  his 
life  in  a  larger  sphere  was  to  be,  for  he  was  a  leader,  a  student  who 
exerted  a  strong  influence,  and  a  man  whose  words  even  at  this  age 
were  well  worth  listening  to.  He  was  especially  active  and  interested 
in  the  Hesperian  Society,  and  here  it  was  that  he  received  a  valuable 
training  in  oratory,  and  first  learned  how  an  audience  would  respond 
to  his  words.  He  was  graduated  from  the  university  in  1858,  not  quite 
eighteen  years  of  age.  He  then  took  up  the  study  of  law  at  the  Albany 
Law  School,  New  York,  from  which  institution  he  was  graduated  in 
1860,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws. 

Returning  to  his  home  city,  he  formed  his  first  partnership  on  the 
date  of  his  twentieth  birthday,  and  took  up  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion here  in  Madison.  During  the  next  year  he  received  the  degree  of 
Master  of  Arts  from  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  and  in  1885,  he  was 
given  the  honorary  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws,  from  his,  his  alma  mater. 
He  had  scarcely  opened  his  office,  and  prepared  for  work  at  his  beloved 
profession,  when  he  began  to  feel  that  his  country  needed  his  services 
and  that  in  spite  of  the  desire  to  go  on  with  the  work  he  so  dearly 
loved  the  sacrifice  was  one  which  he  ought  to  make.  He  therefore 
offered  his  services  as  a  soldier,  and  was  made  captain  of  Company  A, 
Twenty-third  Regiment  of  the  Wisconsin  Volunteer  Infantry,  and  in 
August,  1862,  he  found  himself  with  the  Army  of  the  Tennessee,  under 
the  command  of  General  Grant.  In  February,  1863,  he  received  a  pro- 
motion to  the  rank  of  major,  and  further  distinguished  himself  to  the 
extent  that  in  the  following  month  he  was  made  lieutenant-colonel. 
The  officer  next  higher  in  command,  being  absent  during  the  battles 
around  Vicksburg,  and  during  the  siege  and  capitulation  of  the  city, 
it  fell  to  Colonel  Vilas  to  lead  his  regiment  during  these  days  of  trial 
and  not  one  of  the  soldiers  who  are  now  left  but  remembers  and  re- 
calls with  pride  the  picture  of  their  brave  young,  twenty-two  year  old 
colonel,  as  he  rode  before  them  through  those  terrible  days.  After  the 
fall  of  Vicksburg,  when  the  western  part  of  the  Confederacy  was  clear- 
ly conquered.  Colonel  Vilas  felt  that  he  should  be  at  home  attending  to 
very  pressing  business  affairs,  and  so  resigning  his  command,  he  re- 


HISTOEY  OF  WISCONSIN  1437 

turned  to  Madison,  and  in  August,  1863,  he  was  once  more  deep  in  his 
professional  work. 

He  was  soon  recognized  as  a  lawyer  of  far  more  than  the  ordinary 
ability,  and  the  University  of  Wisconsin  honored  him  by  offering  him  a 
chair  as  professor  of  law.  He  accepted  this  in  1868,  but  at  the  same 
time,  by  dint  of  working  with  almost  superhuman  energy,  he  was  able 
to  continue  with  his  private  practice,  which  was  increasing  all  the 
time.  He  held  this  professorship  from  1868  to  1885,  and  during  this 
period  many  other  honors  and  duties  were  placed  upon  his  shoulders. 
From  1875  to  1878  he  was  engaged  in  company  with  others  in  a  revision 
of  the  statutes  of  the  state.  In  1874  he  v/as  made  a  trustee  of  the  Wis- 
consin Soldiers'  Orphans  Home,  and  gave  a  great  deal  of  his  attention 
to  this  work,  for  he  felt  very  near  to  all  who  were  his  comrades  in  the 
great  struggle,  and  he  held  this  position  until  1893.  He  was  made  a 
regent  of  the  university,  in  1881,  in  recognition  of  the  deep  interest 
which  he  took  in  educational  matters,  and  because  the  university  felt 
the  need  of  a  strong  man  such  as  he,  in  its  governing  body.  He  held 
this  office  until  1885,  when  duties  of  a  pressing  nature  demanded  his 
absence  from  Madison. 

In  1884  came  Mr.  Vilas'  first  active  participation  in  politics  in  such 
a  way  that  he  was  brought  before  the  notice  of  the  nation,  although  he 
had  always  been  prominent  in  the  political  interests  of  his  party  in 
the  state.  This  was  when  he  was  elected  permanent  chairman  of  the 
Democratic  national  convention,  which  was  held  in  Chicago.  When 
Grover  Cleveland  was  nominated  for  the  presidency  on  that  memor- 
able occasion,  he  was  chosen  as  chairman  of  the  committee,  which  was 
appointed  to  notify  the  candidate  of  his  nomination.  On  this  occa- 
sion he  made  a  notable  address,  which  though  brief,  attracted  attention 
by  its  simple  forcefulness.  The  campaign  that  followed  will  be  long 
remembered,  and  during  this  time.  Colonel  Vilas  was  elected  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  legislature,  the  first  office  to  which  he  had  been  elected  by 
the  will  of  the  people.  When  the  Cleveland  cabinet  was  organized, 
the  new  president  showed  his  appreciation  of  the  services  which  Colonel 
Vilas  had  rendered  to  the  party,  and  of  the  intrinsic  strength  of  the 
man,  by  appointing  him  Postmaster  General.  He  served  in  this  office 
from  1885  until  1888,  when  he  was  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Inte- 
rior, to  succeed  Secretary  Lamar,  who  had  become  a  Justice  of  the  Su- 
preme Court.  In  both  of  these  posts  of  high  honor.  Colonel  Vilas  proved 
his  strength.  The  chief  reason  for  the  Democratic  victory  in  1884  had 
been  the  belief  that  Cleveland  would  carry  out  some  much  needed  re- 
forms in  the  administrative  service  and  that  civil  service  reforms  in 
particular  would  be  advanced,  therefore,  the  work  of  a  cabinet  was 
extremely  heavy,  more  so  than  would  ordinarily  occur  with  a  change 
of  administration.  Colonel  Vilas  was  one  of  the  powers  of  the  admin- 
istration, a  man  to  be  relied  upon  in  every  emergency,  whose  broad 


1438  HISTORY  OP  AVISCONSIN 

knowledge  of  conditions  throughout  the  country,  and  whose  progressive 
ideas  could  not  but  be  of  supreme  value  to  the  administration  of  the 
affairs  of  the  nation.  At  the  close  of  the  Cleveland  administration  he 
again  look  up  his  law  practice  in  Madison.  So  confident  were  the  peo- 
ple in  his  ability,  and  so  firmly  did  they  trust  him  to  stand  for  them, 
that  he  was  not  long  permitted  to  remain  at  home,  but  in  1891  was  sent 
to  Washington  as  a  United  States  senator.  He  served  in  the  Senate 
for  eight  years,  or  until  1897.  During  these  years  he  was  growing 
more  deeply  into  the  hearts  of  his  people  and  his  services  were  now 
demanded  in  his  home  state. 

Before  his  term  of  office  in  the  Senate  was  complete,  he  was  ap- 
pointed a  member  of  the  State  Historical  Library  Building  Commis- 
sion, and  to  the  work  of  this  commission  he  devoted  much  time  and 
thought,  serving  until  1906,  when  the  splendid  structure  w'hich  now 
houses  the  State  Historical  Society  of  Wisconsin,  w^as  completed.  It 
was  at  about  this  time  that  the"  university  again  demanded  his  time 
and  the  greater  knowledge  which  he  had  gained  during  his  years  of 
experience  in  administrating  the  country's  affairs,  and  appointed  him 
Regent.  He  served  his  alma  mater  thus  until  1905,  his  regency  be- 
ginning in  1898.  In  1898  he  was  also  elected  vice-president  of  the 
State  Historical  Society,  and  in  1906  he  was  made  a  member  of  the 
Wisconsin  Capitol  Building  Commission,  and  in  both  of  these  positions 
he  gave  loyal  service  until  his  death.  It  was  especially  in  the  latter 
work  that  the  energies  of  his  last  years  were  devoted,  and  the  beautiful 
capitol  building  stands  as  a  monument  to  his  labors,  as  to  those  of  no 
other  man.  He  also  served  as  a  member  of  the  Wisconsin  Vicksburg 
Park  Monument  Commission,  and  while  serving  in  this  office,  he  wrote 
"A  View  of  the  Vicksburg  Campaign,"  which  was  published  by  the 
Wisconsin  History  Commission,  in  October,  1908,  and  is  one  of  the 
clearest  and  most  interesting  reports  of  that  famous  campaign  that 
has  ever  been  put  into  print. 

Colonel  Vilas  was  too  busy  a  man  to  have  much  time  for  recreation, 
but  he  was  a  well  read  and  well  traveled  man  in  spite  of  his  lack  of 
spare  moments.  Of  his  three  trips  to  Europe,  not  one  w-as  of  any 
length,  yet  he  brought  back  more  than  many  a  man  who  has  spent  years 
there.  His  real  recreation,  however,  was  found  in  using  his  powers  as 
an  orator.  A  most  interesting  volume  of  his  addresses  has  been  com- 
l^iled  by  his  wife  and  these  addresses,  unlike  so  many,  do  not  need  the 
magnetism  of  their  author's  pei-sonality,  or  the  fire  of  his  voice,  to  make 
them  interesting.  They  are  full  of  thought  and  are  not  mere  words,  as 
are  so  many  oratorical  efforts  that  have  power  to  sw-eep  people  off  their 
feet.  As  an  ardent  member  of  the  Democratic  party,  he  spent  many 
hours  speaking  in  behalf  of  its  candidates,  but  it  Avas  not  in  the  politi- 
cal field  that  his  oratorical  honors  were  won.  He  was  called  upon  to 
deliver  addresses  before  such  associations  as  the  Societv  of  the  Armv 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1439 

of  the  Teuiiessee,  and  before  various  organizations  of  the  University 
of  Wisconsin,  and  before  many  other  groups  of  brilliant  and  influen- 
tial men.  As  a  member  of  the  Society  of  the  Army  of  the  Tennessee, 
he  was  always  willing  to  talk  in  its  behalf  and  at  the  meeting  of  the 
Society  in  1877  he  was  selected  to  deliver  the  oration  at  the  next  meet- 
ing of  the  veterans.  His  success  on  this  occasion  was  so  marked  that 
he  was  unanimously  elected  to  deliver  the  response  to  the  toast,  Our 
First  Commander,  at  the  banquet  given  by  the  Society  at  the  Palmer 
_IIouse,  in  Chicago,  in  honor  of  General  Grant,  upon  his  return  from 
his  trip  around  the  world.  His  effort  on  this  occasion  was  most  remark- 
able and  caused  tumultuous  enthusiasm.  As  an  extract  from  the  pro- 
ceedings of  the  society  describes  the  scene:  "It  would  be  difficult  to 
fully  portray  the  scene  following  the  conclusion  of  Colonel  Vilas'  re- 
sponse. The  entire  banquet  party  rose  to  its  feet,  and  the  hall  re- 
sounded with  cheer  upon  cheer,  and  each  individual  seemed  to  contest 
with  marks  of  appreciation,  till  Colonel  Vilas  was  compelled  to  again 
rise,  standing  in  his  chair,  while  hearty  cheers  were  given.  Rarely 
has  such  eloquence  been  observed  and  never  in  the  history  of  our  So- 
ciety. 

Here  maj^  be  inserted  a  letter  from  a  man  whom  America  has 
learned  to  honor  and  whose  appreciation  of  Colonel  Vilas  was  deep  and 
sincere. 

Stormfield,  Redding,   Connecticut,   October  13,  1909. 
Dear  Mrs.  Vilas: 

I  thank  you  so  much  for  the  Memorial,  which  I  have  read  with  the 
deepest  interest.  I  had  a  warm  place  in  my  heart  for  Colonel  Vilas, 
and  a  great  admiration  for  his  lofty  gifts  and  character.  I  can  still 
vividly  see  him,  as  I  saw  him  twenty  years  ago,  lacking  a  month,  at  the 
Grant  banquet  in  Chicago,  as  he  stood  upon  a  table,  with  his  lips  clos- 
ing upon  the  last  word  of  his  magnificent  speech,  and  his  happy  eyes 
looking  out  in  contentment  over  a  sea  of  applauding  soldiers  glimpsed 
through  a  frantic  storm  of  waving  napkins — a  great  picture,  and  one 
which  will  never  grow  dim  in  my   memory. 

I  thank  you  again,  dear  madam. 

Sincerely   yours, 

(Signed)    S.   L.   Clemens. 

P.  S.    No,  it  was  thirty  years  ago. 

AVhoever  has  not  read  this  speech  would  do  well  to  read  it  and  then 
turn  to  an  address  that  he  made  before  the  Society  of  the  Army  of  the 
Tennessee,  in  1878.  In  these  two  speeches  he  may  find  that  spirit  that 
animated  the  souls  of  those  men  of  1861,  whether  they  wore  the  blue 
or  the  gray. 

Colonel  Vilas  was  married  in  1866,  to  Miss  Anna  'SI.  Fox,  a  daugh- 
ter of  Dr.  William  H.  Fox,  of  Fitehburg,  Wisconsin.     They  made  their 


1440  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

lirst  home  in  Madison  in  a  beautiful  grove  of  oaks  a  few  miles  south 
ol"  the  city,  and  here  in  the  quiet  and  peace  of  an  ideal  home  life,  the 
young  lawyer  gathered  strength  for  the  days  when  he  was  to  be  thrust 
out  in  the  full  glare  of  public  life,  with  the  battles  of  a  great  nation  on 
his  hands.  In  1879,  he  moved  into  the  city,  and  in  the  beautiful  home 
.at  the  corner  of  Oilman  street  and  Wisconsin  avenue,  facing  the  waters 
of  Lake  Mendota,  he  passed  the  remainder  of  his  life.  His  death  came 
on  the  27th  of  August,  1908. 

In  November,  1912,  Mrs.  Vilas,  with  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Lucien  M. 
Hanks,  erected,  by  the  request  of  the  National  Park  Commissioners,  a 
large  bronze  statue  of  Colonel  Vilas  on  the  breast  works  of  the  battle- 
field at  Vieksburg,  Tenn.  At  this  place  the  colonel  led  his  regiment, 
the  Twenty-third  Wisconsin  Infantry,  in  1863  during  the  battles  around 
Vieksburg. 

Of  the  four  children  born  to  Colonel  Vilas  and  his  wife,  only  one 
is  now  living.  She  is  Mary  Esther,  the  wife  of  Lucien  M,  Hanks, 
and  with  their  three  children,  William  Vilas,  Sybil  Anna  and  Lucien 
Mason,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hanks  live  not  far  from  the  old  home,  where  the 
mother  and  grandmother  still  live. 

Lewis  D.  Plumer.  Now  representing  the  Phillips  Lumber  Com- 
pany as  one  of  its  aggressive  salesmen,  Mr.  Plumer  has  had  a  long 
and  successful  experience  in  the  lumber  business.  When  a  boy  he 
started  out  in  Buffalo,  New  York,  in  the  capacity  of  "tally  boy,"  and 
about  thirty  years  ago  came  to  Wisconsin,  and  has  been  employed  in 
nearly  every  relation  and  work  connected  with  the  business. 

Lewis  Daniel  Plumer  was  born  in  Buffalo,  New  York,  June  1, 
1866.  His  boyhood  was  spent  in  that  city,  and  his  attendance  at  the 
public  schools  was  continued  only  until  he  was  about  twelve  and  a  half 
years  of  age.  The  firai  of  Holland-Graves  then  took  him  in  as  tally  boy 
in  their  lumber  yard,  and  with  that  firm  he  had  an  experience  continu- 
ing for  eight  years.  The  firm  advanced  him  from  one  responsibility  to 
another,  and  finally  sent  him  out  to  Marinette,  Wisconsin,  and  during 
1885-86,  he  w^orked  in  scaling  lumber.  The  3'ear  1887-88  was  spent  in 
Canada,  overseeing  the  estimating  and  shipping  of  lumber.  During  the 
winter  of  1888-89,  I\Ir.  Plumer  worked  in  the  woods  for  Isaac  Stephen- 
son. In  1890  Pearly  Law  employed  his  services  in  shipping  lumber 
at  Marinette  and  Peshtigo.  The  summer  of  the  same  year  was  spent 
in  shipping  and  estimating  for  the  firm  of  Hamilton  and  IMerriman  of 
Marinette.  Following  that  he  was  employed  by  Judge  Cochran  of 
Ashland  in  grading  lumber,  and  then  returned  to  Buffalo  for  the  Mont- 
gomery Door  &  Box  Company.  In  1892  Mr.  Plumer  entered  the 
employ  of  the  Edward  Hines  Lumber  Company  of  Chicago.  He  went 
into  the  yards,  and  by  his  practical  abilitj'  in  all  departments  of  lumber- 
ing was  quickly  advanced  and  sent  on  the  road  as  a  salesman.     For 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  U41 

four  years  he  traveled  over  territory  in  Pennsylvania,  New  York, 
Ohio.  Virginia,  and  West  Virginia.  Following  this  experience  on  the  road, 
he  was  placed  in  charge  as  superintendent  of  the  mill  at  Iron  river, 
and  remained  there  until  1903.  His  next  work  was  as  manager  of  the 
mill  at  Park  Falls.  In  April,  1913,  Mr.  Plumer  came  to  Phillips  and 
became  identified  with  the  Phillips  Lumber  Company  as  traveling  sales- 
man. 

For  three  years  Mr.  Plumer  was  president  of  the  County  Fair  Asso- 
ciation at  Bayfield,  Wisconsin.  He  was  married  May  8,  1897,  to  Mar- 
garet Golley.     His  politics  is  Republican  and  his  church  is  the  Catholic. 

Daniel  K.  Tenney.  It  is  always  most  gratifying  to  the  biographist 
and  student  of  human  nature  to  come  in  close  touch  with  the  history  of 
a  man  who,  in  the  face  of  almost  insurmountable  obstacles,  has  plodded 
persistently  on  and  eventually,  through  his  determination  and  energy, 
made  of  success  not  an  accident  but  a  logical  result.  Daniel  Kent  Ten- 
ney, who  is  now  living  virtually  retired  at  ]\Iadison,  Wisconsin,  is  strict- 
ly a  self-made  man  and  as  such  a  perusal  of  his  career  offers  both  lesson 
and  incentive.  For  many  years  he  was  eminently  successful  as  an 
attorney  of  recognized  ability  in  Chicago,  Illinois,  where  he  figured 
prominently  in  numerous  litigations  connected  with  commercial  law. 

Daniel  Kent  Tenney  was  born  in  Plattsburg,  New  York.  December 
31,  1834,  and  he  is  a  son  of  Daniel  Tenney,  a  Universalist  clergyman, 
who  preached  for  many  years  in  northern  Ohio.  The  founder  of  the 
Tenney  family  in  America  was  an  Englishman  who  came  from  England 
and  settled  in  Massachusetts  Bay  colony  in  1620.  His  descendants  have 
figured  conspicuously  in  the  public  affairs  of  their  respective  commun- 
ities and  have  won  renown  in  the  various  professions.  Rev.  Daniel 
Tenney  married  Sylvia  Kent,  a  cousin  of  the  great  Chancellor  Kent 
of  the  state  of  New  York.  This  union  was  prolific  of  ten  children,  of 
whom  the  subject  of  this  review  is  the  only  survivor,  in  1912. 

At  the  age  of  two  years  Mr.  Tenney,  of  this  notice,  accompanied 
his  parents  from  New  York  to  northern  Ohio  and  at  the  age  of  five 
years  he  began  to  attend  school.  When  he  had  reached  his  eighth  year 
he  entered  upon  an  apprenticeship  to  learn  the  trade  of  printer  in  the 
newspaper  office  of  his  brother.  Major  H.  A.  Tenney,  at  Elyria,  Ohio, 
and  he  was  identified  with  this  line  of  work  off  and  on  for  eight  years. 
In  1849,  at  the  age  of  fifteen  years,  he  came  to  Madison,  Wisconsin,  to 
attend  the  state  university  which  was  organized  about  that  time.  By 
working  at  his  trade  during  vacations  and  on  Saturdays  he  managed 
to  earn  the  money  with  which  to  defray  his  college  expenses.  He  was 
a  student  in  the  university  for  four  years  and  at  the  expiration  of  that 
period  again  turned  his  attention  to  printing.  For  one  year  he  was 
foreman  of  the  Wisconsin  State  Journal  printing  office  but  having  de- 
cided upon  the  legal  profession  as  his  lifework  he  began  his  legal 
studies  in  the  office  of  H.  W.  Tenney  at  Portage,  Wisconsin.     In  1855 


1442  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

he  was  appointed  deputy  clerk  of  the  circuit  court  of  Dane  county  and 
during  his  incumbency  of  that  position  he  kept  up  his  legal  studies. 
December  11,  1855,  at  the  age  of  twenty-one  years,  he  was  admitted 
to  the  AVisconsin  bar  and  he  initiated  the  active  practice  of  his  profession 
at  Madison  as  a  partner  of  his  brother,  who,  two  years  later,  gave  up  law 
work.  Mr.  Tenney  then  entered  into  a  partnership  alliance  with  Charles. 
T.  Wakeley  and  in  1860  he  became  junior  member  of  the  law  firm  of 
H.  W.  &  D.  K.  Tenney.  During  the  ensuing  ten  years  the  latter  firm 
enjoyed  a  large  and  lucrative  practice  in  Dane  county  but  Daniel  K. 
Tenney,  being  anxious  for  a  more  extensive  field  for  his  professional 
work,  removed,  in  1870,  to  Chicago,  where  he  became  associated  with 
some  of  the  most  prominent  professional  men  of  Illinois.  He  devoted 
his  attention  principally  to  commercial  law  and  therein  won  unqualified 
success.  An  orator  of  power,  a  keen  lawyer,  and  withal  a  stvident  of 
men  possessing  a  rare  insight  into  their  natures,  Mr.  Tenney  was,  in- 
deed, a  man  of  fine  legal  ability.  His  record  at  the  Illinois  and  Wiscon- 
sin bars  and  the  honors  which  have  been  bestowed  upon  him  stand 
proof  of  his  Avorth.  He  retired  from  active  participation  in  professional 
work  in  1898  and  since  then  has  resided  in  Madison. 

In  1857  Mr.  Tenney  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  jNIary  Jane 
Marston,  the  ceremony  having  been  performed  at  Madison.  ]\Irs.  Ten- 
ney was  born  in  Montpelier,  Vermont,  and  she  was  summoned  to  the 
life  eternal  in  the  year  1907.  "Sir.  and  Mrs.  Tenney  became  the  parents 
of  two  children :  John  M.,  who  was  engaged  in  business  at  Seattle, 
Washington,  but  lost  his  life  by  accident ;  and  Mary  Sylvia,  a  resident 
of  Winnetka.  Illinois. 

In  early  life  Mr.  Tenney  was  a  stalwart  Democrat  but  after  the 
organization  of  the  Republican  party  he  has  supported  its  principles. 
Although  frequently  urged  to  run  for  public  office,  including  that 
*of  congressman,  he  has  refused  to  do  so,  preferring  to  give  his  undivided 
time  and  attention  to  law  work.  He  has  always  been  a  Free  Thinker 
and  has  contributed  a  great  deal  of  worthy  literatiire  on  that  subject. 

Henry  L.  Levy.  In  the  death  of  Henry  L.  Levy,  on  the  26th  of 
May,  1907,  the  beautiful  little  city  of  Eau  Claire,  judicial  center  of  the 
county  of  the  same  name,  lost  one  of  its  most  honored  and  valued  citizens 
and  one  whose  name  had  been  closely  and  worthily  connected  with  the 
development  and  upbuilding  of  the  city,  Eau  Claire  having  represented 
his  home  during  virtually  his  entire  life.  ]\Ir.  Levy  was  a  scion  of  a 
well  known  pioneer  family  of  Wisconsin  and  he  developed  to  the  fullest 
extent  his  admirable  powers  as  a  man  of  affairs  and  as  a  progressive 
and  public-spirited  citizen,  the  while  his  pleasing  personality  and  im- 
pregnable integrity  of  purpose  gained  to  him  the  confidence  and  high 
regard  of  those  with  whom  he  came  in  contact  in  the  various  relations 
of  life.     By  his  character  and  achievement  he  honored  his  native  state 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1443 

and  consistency  is  conserved  when  a  tribute  to  liis  memory  is  incor- 
porated in  this  publication. 

Henry  L.  Levy  was  born  in  Milwaukee,  Wisconsin,  on  the  5th  day 
of  May,  1864,  and  thus  was  in  the  very  prime  of  strong  and  noble  man- 
hood when  he  was  summoned  from  the  stage  of  life's  mortal  endeavors. 
His  venerable  father,  Mr.  Louis  Levy,  still  resides  at  Eau  Claire.  In 
1870  Louis  Levy  removed  with  his  family  from  IMilwaukee  to  Eau 
Claire,  where  he  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business.  He  always  has 
been  numbered  among  the  leading  business  men  of  Eau  Claire  and 
contributed  in  generous  measure  to  the  civic  and  material  development 
of  the  fair  little  city  in  which  he  still  maintains  his  home  and  is  held 
in  unqualified  esteem. 

Henry  L.  Levy  was  afforded  the  advantages  of  the  public  schools 
of  Eau  Claire,  where  he  early  gained  practical  experience  in  connection 
with  his  father's  business  operations.  He  eventually  entered  into 
partnership  with  his  honored  father,  and  they  built  up  a  large  and  pros- 
perous enterprise,  the  same  having  been  principally  in  the  handling  of 
men's  clothing  and  furnishing  goods  and  the  father  and  son  having 
gained  recognition  as  among  the  foremost  merchants  of  the  Chippewa 
valley,  where  the  name  of  Levy  has  ever  stood  exponent  of  fair  and 
honorable  dealings  and  absolute  reliability.  As  a  young  man  Henry 
L.  Levy  returned  to  Milwaukee,  where  he  was  identified  with  business 
activities  until  the  time  of  his  marriage.  Shortly  after  this  important 
event  in  his  career  he  returned  to  Eau  Claire,  where  he  engaged  in 
business  with  his  father,  their  well  equipped  establishment  being  known 
as  the  People's  Clothing  Store.  With  the  passing  years  the  subject  of 
this  memoir  expanded  his  field  of  endeavor  and  he  became  one  of  the 
leading  men  of  affairs  in  his  section  of  the  state,  with  large  and  im- 
portant capitalistic  interests  of  varied  order.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
directorate  of  the  Eau  Claire  National  Bank  at  the  time  of  his  death,  as 
was  he  also  of  the  Eau  Claire  Savings  Bank,  and  he  was  a  stockholder 
of  the  Eau  Claire  Grocery  Company,  engaged  in  the  wholesale  trade. 
Toward  the  end  of  his  remarkable  career  he  acquired  extensive  interests 
in  timber  lands  in  northern  Wisconsin  and  in  the  western  states,  and 
it  has  been  consistently  said  that  he  displayed  business  ability  far  be- 
yond the  average,  his  estate' at  the  time  of  his  demise  having  been  esti- 
mated at  several  hundred  thousands  of  dollars,  besides  which  he  mani- 
fested his  implicit  appreciation  of  the  consistency  and  value  of  life- 
insurance  indemnity.  Concerning  this  noble  and  honored  citizen  the 
following  well  .justified  statements  have  been  made,  and  the  same  are 
worthy  of  perpetuation  in  this  connection  :""]Mr.  Levy  was  in  an  eminent 
degree  a  man  of  public  spirit,  and  for  many  years  prior  to  his  death 
he  had  given  his  effective  co-operation  in  connection  with  enterprises 
and  measures  projected  for  the  general  good  of  his  home  city.  He  was 
the   soul   of   generosity   and   kindliness   and   his   benefactions   were   in- 


3  444  lllSTOHV  OF   WISCONSIN 

variably  made  with  discrimination  and  judgment.  He  extended  a 
helping  hand  and  made  the  same  evident  not  less  in  counsel  than  in 
timely  financial  assistance.  Aside  from  his  aid  to  numerous  charities 
of  organized  order  his  personal  benevolences  were  large  and  were  known 
only  to  himself  and  the  recipients.  He  materially  assisted  a  number  of 
deserving  boys  in  procuring  local  and  universitj^  educations,  and  he 
■was  a  valued  counselor  in  connection  with  business  affairs,  as  his  many 
friends  had  unwavering  faith  in  him  and  in^his  judgment." 

]\Ir.  Levy  always  manifested  a  loyal  interest  in  public  affairs,  both 
general  and  local.  He  represented  a  positive  and  benignant  force  in 
civic  and  business  activities  of  Eau  Claire,  and  in  all  the  relations  of 
life  he  accounted  well  to  himself  and  the  world,  so  that  his  memory 
shall  long  be  cherished  in  the  city  where  he  lived  for  many  years  and 
his  circle  of  friends  was  practically  unlimited.  He  was  an  influential 
and  valued  member  of  the  Eau  Claire  Commercial  Club,  and  in  his 
home  city  was  affiliated  wdth  the  lodges  of  the  Benevolent  &  Protective 
Order  of  Elks,  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  and  the  Order  of  B'Nai  B'Rith. 
His  sudden  death  was  deeply  deplored  in  the  community  which  he  did 
much  to  advance  in  social  and  material  prosperity,  and  his  funeral  serv- 
ices were  held  in  the  city  of  Milwaukee,  where  interment  was  made  in 
the  family  lot  in  beautiful  Spring  Hill  cemetery. 

As  a  young  man  Mr.  Levy  was  united  in  marriage,  in  Milwaukee, 
to  Miss  Bertha  Docter,  and  she  survives  him,  still  retaining  her  home 
in  Eau  Claire.  Of  the  three  children  the  eldest  is  Pearl  Evelyn,  who 
is  now  the  wife  of  Albert  M.  Newald,  of  Milwaukee,  concerning  whom 
specific  mention  is  made  on  other  pages  of  this  work;  Malvin  and  Irene 
remain  with  their  widowed  mother  at  the  beautiful  family  homestead 
in  Eau  Claire. 

Charles  E.  Kremer.  A  native  son  of  Wisconsin  and  a  scion  of  one 
of  the  sterling  pioneer  families  of  this  commonwealth,  Mr.  Kremer  is 
well  entitled  to  recognition  in  this  publication,  though  he  is  not  a  resi- 
dent of  the  state  but  is  found  numbered  among  the  representative  mem- 
bers of  the  bar  of  Chicago,  the  great  metropolis  of  the  west. 

Charles  Eduard  Kremer  was  born  in  the  city  of  Oshkosh,  Winne- 
bago county,  Wisconsin,  on  the  23d  of  December,  1850,  at  which  time 
the  attractive  metropolis  and  judicial  center  of  the  county,  his  native 
city,  was  a  mere  village  and  the  center  of  prosperous  lumbering  opera- 
tions. He  is  a  son  of  Michael  J.  and  Agatha  (Leins)  Kremer.  the  former 
of  whom  was  born  on  the  Hof  Fensterseifen,  near  the  city  of  Maien, 
West  Prussia,  in  1823,  and  the  latter  of  whom  was  born  in  the  village  of 
Eutingen,  in  the  famous  Black  Forest  district  of  the  kingdom  of  Wur- 
temberg,  Germany,  in  1827.  The  father,  who  is  still  living,  celebrated 
his  ninetieth  birthday  anniversary  in  the  present  year,  1913,  his  cher- 
ished and  devoted  wife  having  passed  to  the  life  eternal  in  1900.    Their 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1445 

marriage  was  solemnized  in  Milwaukee  and  of  their  three  children  the 
older  of  the  two  living  is  he  whose  name  initiates  this  review;  Julia  E. 
is  the  wife  of  Charles  W.  Karst  and  they  reside  at  Lakeland,  Florida. 

Michael  J  Kremer  was  reared  to  adult  age  in  his  native  land,  where 
he  received  the  advantages  of  the  common  schools  and  where  also  he 
learned  the  trade  of  millwright.  In  1848,  when  about  twenty-four  years 
of  age,  he  severed  the  ties  that  bound  him  to  home  and  fatherland  and 
set  forth  to  seek  his  fortunes  in  America.  Wisconsin  was  at  that  time 
receiving  a  large  and  worthy  influx  of  pioneers  from  Germany,  and  Mr. 
Kremer  has  ever  considered  himself  fortunate  that  he  made  this  state 
his  destination  and  the  stage  of  his  energetic  and  productive  activities. 
He  first  located  in  Milwaukee,  where  he  continued  to  be  employed  at 
his  trade  until  his  marriage,  soon  after  which  he  removed  to  Oshkosh, 
in  1849,  to  uiimber  himself  among  the  early  settlers  of  that  now  opulent 
and  attractive  city.  After  there  working  at  his  trade  for  a  short  time 
he  engaged  in  the  manufacturing  business.  Later  he  became  superin- 
tendent of  a  foundry  and  machine  shop,  and  he  continued  to  be  actively 
and  effectively  identified  with  business  and  industrial  interests  at 
Oshkosh  and  Milwaukee  until  1874,  since  which  time  he  has  lived  else-/ 
where.  In  the  climacteric  period  culminating  in  the  Civil  war  he  was 
a  staunch  abolitionist  and  for  years  he  was  a  zealous  supporter  of  the 
cause  of  the  Republican  party.  Ever  since  the  founding  of  the  Socialist 
party  he  has  been  one  of  its  staunchest  adherents  and  has  many  times 
been  a  candidate  for  office  under  it. 

To  the  public  schools  of  Oshkosh  Charles  E.  Kremer  is  indebted  for 
his  early  educational  discipline,  and  that  he  made  good  use  of  his  op- 
portunities is  shown  by  the  fact  that  at  the  age  of  eighteen  years  he 
proved  himself  eligible  for  pedagogic  honors.  After  teaching  success- 
fully in  the  district  schools  for  a  year  he  turned  his  attention  to  mercan- 
tile pursuits  and  then  to  the  study  of  law,  under  the  effective  preceptor- 
ship  of  Henry  H.  and  George  C.  Markham,  who  were  then  leading  mem- 
bers of  the  Milwaukee  bar.  He  applied  himself  Avith  characteristic 
energy  and  appreciation  and  thus  made  substantial  progress  in  his  ab- 
sorption and  assimilation  of  the  science  of  jurisprudence.  He  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  in  Milwaukee  in  October,  1874,  and  in  the  following 
April  he  was  also  admitted  to  practice  before  the  supreme  court  of  Wis- 
consin. In  1875  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Illinois.  Since  1883  he 
has  been  admitted  to  practice  in  the  supreme  court  of  the  United  States. 

For  nearly  forty  years  Mr.  Kremer  has  been  engaged  in  the  active 
practice  of  his  profession  in  the  city  of  Chicago,  where  he  established 
his  residence  in  May,  1875,  and  where  he  has  confined  his  attention 
largely  to  maritime  law,  in  which  he  has  become  a  recognized  authority. 
He  has  long  controlled  a  large  and  important  practice  and  retains  a 
clientage  of  representative  order.  He  has  high  standing  at  the  bar  of 
the  great  western  metropolis  and  is  one  of  the  loyal  and  progressive 

Vol.  VI— 5 


1446  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

citizens  of  his  adopted  city.  He  is  also  a  ship  o\\ner  and  lectures  on 
inaritime  law  in  the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Chicago,  as 
does  he  also  in  the  Chicago  Kent  College  of  Law  and  the  John  Marshall 
Law  School.  In  1908  he  received  from  the  Chicago  Kent  College  of 
Law  the  honorary  degree  of  LL.  B.  In  his  home  city  he  is  a  valued 
and  honored  factor  in  the  educational  work  of  his  profession  and  he 
commands  strong  vantage-ground  in  the  confidence  and  esteem  of  his 
confreres  at  the  bar,  as  well  as  of  all  others  with  whom  he  has  come  in 
contact  in  the  varied  relations  of  a  significantly  active  and  useful  career. 
He  is  actively  identified  with  the  Illinois  Bar  Association  and  the  Cook 
County  Bar  Association,  as  well  as  the  Chicago  Law  Club.  He  was  the 
founder  of  the  Chicago  Yacht  Club  and  has  ever  taken  a  lively  interest 
in  maritime  sports  and  shipping.  He  is  a  stalwart  and  effective  ad- 
vocate of  law  reforms.  He  is  a  member  of  no  church  or  religious  so- 
ciety. In  his  home  city  he  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League  Club,  and 
his  continued  interest  in  and  loyalty  to  his  native  state  are  shown  by 
his  close  affiliation  with  the  Wisconsin  Society  of  Chicago,  in  which 
he  is  chairman  of  the  committee  on  membership. 

On  the  2d  of  May,  1877,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Kremer 
to  Miss  Margaret  A.  Collins,  who  was  born  at  Oswego,  New  York,  and 
the  one  child  of  this  union  is  a  daughter,  Jean,  who  is  now  married  to 
Scott  W.  Prime,  a  native  of  Wisconsin,  who  has  returned  to  his  native 
state  and  is  now  living  in  Milwaukee. 

Edward  H.  Staats.  For  a  period  of  over  twenty  years  Mr.  Staats 
has  been  closely  identified  with  those  activities  which  constitute  the  busi- 
ness and  civic  life  of  a  community,  and  which  in  the  aggregate  have 
made  Merrill  one  of  the  most  progressive  industrial  and  commercial  cen- 
ters of  northern  Wisconsin.  He  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Emerich  & 
Staats,  general  merchants,  1504  W.  Main  Street  in  Merrill,  dealers  in 
dry  goods,  groceries,  men's  furnishings,  boots,  shoes,  rubbers,  flour  and 
feed,  and  the  house  also  does  a  large  wholesale  business  in  camp  sup- 
plies, furnishing  lumber  camps  with  supplies.  The  firm  consists  of  Hon. 
Joseph  A.  Emerich,  present  mayor  of  Merrill,  and  Edward  H.  Staats. 
This  business,  by  far  the  largest  on  the  west  side  of  JMerrill,  was  estab- 
lished by  Messrs.  Emerich  &  Staats  as  a  small  grocery  store  in  1892.  - 
Since  then  by  hard  work  and  attention  to  business  these  two  men  have 
risen  to  become  leading  citizens  of  Lincoln  county. 

Edward  H.  Staats  was  born  in  Watertown,  AYisconsin,  April  30, 
1866,  a  son  of  Christian  and  Mary  Staats.  Christian  Staats  died  in  1887 
and  the  mother  now  resides  in  Milwaukee.  The  father  was  a  native  of 
Germany,  came  to  America  when  a  young  man,  settling  in  Watertown, 
where  he  rose  to  a  position  as  one  of  the  able  business  men.  It  was  in 
Watertown  that  Edward  H.  Staats  grew  up,  attended  the  public  schools 
and  the  Northwestern  University  of  that  city,  and  when  ready  to  earn 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1447 

his  own  way  in  life  he  first  learned  the  butcher  and  meat  business,  a 
trade  at  which  he  was  employed  in  Watertown,  Lake  Mills,  "Waterloo 
and  at  Madison.  Then  in  1891  he  came  to  Merrill  and  became  manager 
of  the  City  Meat  Market.  About  a  year  later  he  joined  forces  with  Mr. 
Emerich  and  opened  a  stock  of  groceries  in  a  small  room  in  part  of 
the  building  now  occupied  by  the  firm  of  Emerich  &  Staats.  At  first 
they  rented  this  small  store,  but  by  working  hard  both  early  and  late, 
by  discounting  their  bills  and  by  supplying  their  growing  custom  with 
fresh  and  reliable  goods,  they  were  soon  able  to  buy  the  building  in 
which  they  conducted  their  business.  Later  they  added  a  shoe  depart- 
ment, and  added  fifty  feet  to  the  length  of  their  original  store,  remodel- 
ing the  entire  place.  With  subsequent  extensions  of  business,  they  occu- 
pied the  second  floor,  and  also  erected  a  large  warehouse  in  the  rear,  and 
have  added  the  building  on  the  west  to  the  main  store,  that  also  being 
used  as  a  warehouse. 

The  partners  devoted  their  entire  time  to  the  business  until  1908, 
in  which  year  the  Merrill  Woodenware  Company,  a  large  manufacturing 
concern  making  wooden  kitchen  utensils  was  organized  by  Mr.  Staats 
and  Mr.  Emerich,  and  one  or  two  associates.  Soon  after  the  inception 
of  this  industry,  it  was  agreed  that  Mr.  Staats  should  manage  the  store, 
while  Mr.  Emerich  should  look  after  the  woodenware  company.  Mr. 
Emerich  is  now  president  of  the  Merrill  Woodenware  Company,  with 
Mr.  Staats  serving  as  treasurer.  This  is  one  of  Merrill's  coming  indus- 
tries. While  only  in  existence  about  five  years,  the  company  already 
have  one  of  the  largest  modern  equipped  factories  in  the  city,  and  employ 
about  one  hundred  and  fifty  hands,  their  weekly  payroll  being  a  consid- 
erable item  in  the  economic  welfare  of  the  city.  Mr.  Staats  was  chiefly 
instrumental  in  establishing  this  business,  having  seen  the  possibilities 
of  such  an  enterprise,  and  having  given  much  of  his  attention  to  making 
it  a  success.  Both  he  and  his  partner  invested  heavily  in  the  concern, 
which  has  paid  dividends  almost  from  the  start.  Mr.  Staats  is  also  a 
director  in  the  Lincoln  County  Bank  of  Merrill.  This  bank  has  a  cap- 
ital stock  of  $100,000.00  and  recently  moved  into  its  modern  bank  build- 
ing, the  only  exelusiva  bank  building  in  Lincoln  county. 

On  October  27,  1897,  Mr.  Staats  married  Miss  Mary  Hankwitz  of 
Merrill.  Their  three  children  are  Isabelle,  Veneta  and  Edward.  Fra- 
ternally Mr.  Staats  is  affiliated  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows. While  always  a  busy  man,  and  having  many  commercial  interests 
to  occupy  his  time  and  attention,  Mr.  Staats  has  shown  much  public 
spirit  in  relation  to  community  affairs.  He  has  served  as  a  member  of 
the  Merrill  school  board,  and  also  as  a  member  of  the  Lincoln  county 
board  of  supervisors.  At  the  present  time  he  is  representing  the  Sixth 
Ward  in  the  city  council.    In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat. 

Mr.  Staats  owns  a  fine  two  hundred  acre  stock  farm  located  five  miles 
southwest  of  Merrill  in  the  town  of  Corning,  Lincoln  countj' 


1448  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

William  Gutenkunst.  A  native  son  of  IMilwaukee,  a  man  of  fine 
inventive  genius  and  marked  executive  ability,  and  a  citizen  of  ut- 
most civic  loyalty  and  progressiveness,  Mr.  Gutenkunst,  who  is  in 
the  very  prime  of  his  strong  and  useful  manhood,  has  exerted  a 
potent  and  benignant  influence  in  the  furtherance  of  the  prestige  of 
Milwaukee  as  a  commercial  and  industrial  center,  and  he  is  today 
numbered  among  the  prominent  and  essentially  representative  fac- 
tors in  the  manufacturing  and  commercial  life  of  the  city,  where  his 
sterling  character  and  admirable  constructive  enterprise  have  gained 
to  him  high  place  in  popular  confidence  and  esteem.  He  was  the 
founder  of  the  extensive  and  important  industrial  enterprise  con- 
ducted by  the  Milwaukee  Hay  Tool  Company,  of  which  he  is  president 
and  treasurer,  as  is  he  also  of  the  allied  corporation,  the  Milwaukee 
Malleable  &  Grey  Iron  Works,  the  extensive  and  contiguous  plants  of 
these  fine  corporations  being  eligibly  situated  at  Layton  Park,  one  of 
the  leading  manufacturing  and  residence  suburbs  of  Milwaukee.  Mr. 
Gutenkunst  has  been  in  the  most  significant  sense  the  architect  of  his 
own  fortunes,  as  he  began  his  independent  career  in  a  most  modest 
way  and  through  his  own  ability  and  efforts  has  risen  to  a  position 
as  one  of  the  leading  manufacturers  and  business  men  of  his  native 
city,  where  he  is  also  prominent  and  influential  in  public  and  general 
civic  affairs.  He  is  a  scion  of  one  of  the  well  known  and  highly  hon- 
ored pioneer  families  of  the  Wisconsin  metropolis,  where  his  parents 
established  their  residence  more  than  sixty  years  ago.  Many  of  the 
special  mechanical  devices  manufactured  by  the  companies  of  which 
he  is  the  executive  head  were  invented  and  patented  by  Mr.  Guten- 
tunst,  and  his  special  talent  as  an  inventor  has  done  much  to  con- 
serve the  success  of  the  great  industrial  enterprises  which  have  been 
evolved  under  his  personal  initiative  and  supervision. 

William  Gutenkunst  was  born  in  Milwaukee  on  the  6th  of  July, 
1850,  and  is  a  son  of  Jacob  and  Catherine  (Haas)  Gutenkunst,  both 
of  whom  were  born  in  Baden,  Germany,  though  their  acquaintance- 
ship was  not  formed  until  both  had  come  to  America,  the  father  as  a 
young  man  in  search  of  better  opportunities  for  winning  independ- 
ence by  personal  effort.  The  mother  came  to  America  unaccompanied 
by  her  parents.  Jacob  Gutenkunst  Avas  born  in  the  year  1829,  and  in 
the  state  of  New  York  was  solemnized  his  marriage  to  Miss  Cath- 
erine Haas,  who  was  born  July  5,  1815.  In  1849,  the  year  following 
that  in  which  Wisconsin  was  admitted  to  statehood,  they  came  to  the 
new  commonwealth  and  established  their  home  in  Milwaukee,  which 
was  then  an  aspiring  little  city  with  few  metropolitan  pretensions. 
They  were  numbered  among  the  sterling  German  pioneer  citizens 
of  Milwaukee,  where  they  passed  the  residue  of  their  lives,  Mrs. 
Gutenkunst  having  long  survived  her  husband,  who  died  on  the  11th 
of  September,  1869,  she  having  been  summoned  to  eternal  rest  on  the 


w^ 


■  ?. 


//  cS^f^^^^^y^^^^^nA/ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1449 

26th  of  December,  1905,  a  few  months  after  the  celebration  of  her 
ninetieth  birthday  anniversary.  The  remains  of  both  rest  in  beautiful 
Forest  Home  cemetery.  Of  the  five  children,  two  sons  died  in  in- 
fancy, and  the  other  three  still  survive,  William,  of  this  review, 
being  the  eldest  of  the  number;  Jacob  is  engineer  in  the  Milwaukee 
fire  department,  and  has  been  in  this  field  of  service  in  his  native  city 
for  more  than  thirty-two  years,  his  identification  with  the  depart- 
ment having  antedated  by  three  years  the  ever-memorable  Newhall 
House  fire;  Charles  A.,  the  youngest  of  the  brothers,  is  individually 
mentioned  on  other  pages  of  this  work,  and  is  secretary  and  manager 
of  the  two  manufacturing  companies  of  which  his  brother  William 
is  president.  Jacob  Gutenkunst  was  a  young  man  of  about  twenty 
years  at  the  time  when  he  established  his  home  in  Milwaukee,  and  he 
forthwith  concerned  himself  with  the  business  and  social  interests 
of  the  little  city,  where  he  operated  one  of  the  first  drays  placed  in 
commission  in  the  future  metropolis  and  where  he  became  a  valued 
member  of  the  early  volunteer  fire  department.  When  Company  No. 
3  of  the  paid  fire  department  was  established  he  had  the  distinction 
of  being  the  first  driver  of  its  hose  cart,  and  in  view  of  his  eflPeetive 
service  in  connection  with  the  fire  protective  activities  of  the  early 
days  it  is  specially  pleasing  to  note  the  long  association  of  one  of  his 
sons  with  the  local  fire  department,  as  mentioned  above. 

William  Gutenkunst  is  indebted  to  the  public  schools  of  Milwaukee 
for  his  early  educational  training,  and  also  attended  Engleman's 
School,  from  which  was  evolved  the  admirable  German-English 
Academy  of  the  present  day.  He  was  a  pupil  in  the  first  public  school 
on  the  South  side  of  Milwaukee,  and  in  the  same  he  received  instruc- 
tion from  Mrs.  Trowbridge,  who  was  a  most  popular  teacher  and  who 
died  in  Milwaukee  in  the  spring  of  1913,  at  a  venerable  age.  As  a 
youth  Mr.  Gutenkunst  became  associated  with  practical  affairs  and 
he  has  made  a  splendid  record  as  one  of  the  world's  constructive 
workers.  Forty  years  ago,  on  the  3d  of  May,  1873,  when  a  young  man 
of  twenty-three  years,  he  initiated  his  independent  business  career 
by  securing  modest  quarters  in  the  old  gas  house  building,  on  Reed 
street,  where  he  engaged  in  the  repairing  and  rebuilding  of  sewing 
machines.  His  initiative  ability  and  mechanical  skill  came  into 
effective  play  and  at  the  same  location  he  finally  instituted  the  manu- 
facturing of  hay  forks  of  his  own  invention.  He  admitted  to  part- 
nership his  younger  brother,  Charles  A.,  and  the  firm  title  of  William 
&  Charles  A.  Gutenkunst  was  then  adopted.  The  enterprise  grew 
rapidly  and  finally  removal  was  made  to  larger  and  more  eligible 
quarters,  at  the  corner  of  Park  street  and  Eighth  avenue.  After  the 
admission  of  the  late  Adam  Loeffelholz  to  partnership  the  business 
was  conducted  under  the  title  of  the  Milwaukee  Hay  Tool  Company, 
the  two  brothers  having  previously  adopted  and  used  the  somewhat 


1450  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

more  unwieldy  title  of  the  Milwaukee  Hay  Tool  &  Manufacturing 
Company.  In  the  manufaetvire  of  hay  tools  and  corn  huskers  of  su- 
perior order  the  business  grew  apace,  and  in  1893  the  company  ob- 
tained a  tract  of  land  in  -Layton  Park,  where  its  extensive  and  admira- 
bly equipped  plant  was  erected  and  has  still  remained.  As  an  allied 
but  definitely  distinct  enterprise  of  important  order  it  was  estab- 
lished, on  the  6th  of  June,  1899,  the  Milwaukee  Malleable  &  Grey 
Iron  Works,  and  the  large  plant  of  this  company  lies  contiguous  to 
that  of  the  Milwaukee  Hay  Tool  Company,  and  of  both  of  these  con- 
cerns Mr.  Gutenkunst  was  the  founder,  even  as  he  is  also  president 
and  treasurer  of  each.  The  great  enterprises  base  their  operations 
on  ample  capital,  careful  and  conservative  executive  policies  and 
the  highest  grade  of  products,  and  the  two  companies  give  employ- 
ment to  an  average  force  of  from  five  to  six  hundred  men,  a  large 
percentage  of  whom  are  skilled  artisans.  The  Milwaukee  Malleable 
&  Grey  Iron  Works  controls  also  a  large  amount  of  contract  work  and 
supplies  malleable  iron  to  other  important  industrial  concerns,  in- 
cluding the  Moline  Plow  Company,  of  Moline,  Illinois.  In  this  sketch, 
with  its  necessarily  prescribed  limitations,  it  is  impossible  to  enter 
into  details  concerning  the  various  products  of  the  two  substantial 
concerns  of  which  Mr.  Gutenkunst  is  the  executive  head,  but  it  may 
be  noted  that  among  the  principal  products  of  the  Milwaukee  Hay 
Tool  Company  are  the  Leader  litter  carrier,  the  Milwaukee  corn 
huskers  and  fodder  shredders;  steel  and  wood  track  hay-carriers, 
improved  swivel-sling  hay  carriers,  and  cable-track  carriers;  hang- 
ing hooks  for  steel  and  wood  tracks;  rafter  brackets,  harpoon  forks, 
grapple  forks  and  derrick  hay-forks ;  Standard  wagon  slings;  pulleys 
and  pulley  blocks  and  conveyors;  wire  stretchers,  tackle  hoists,  cattle 
stanchions,  ornamental  iron-fence  pickets,  etc.  The  major  part  of 
the  devices  manufactured  by  this  company  represents  the  concrete 
results  of  the  inventive  ability  of  Mr.  Gutenkunst,  and  he  gives  much 
time  to  the  study  and  experimentation  Avhich  have  brought  about  such 
valuable  results  and  given  him  prestige  as  one  of  the  resourceful  and 
representative  business  men  of  his  native  city  and  state.  He  is  a 
director  of  the  Wisconsin  State  Bank,  and  is  a  valued  and  loyal  mem- 
ber of  the  Merchants'  &  Manufacturers'  Association  of  Milwaukee. 

In  a  fraternal  way  Mr.  Gutenkunst  is  affiliated  with  the  Knights 
of  Pythias  and  the  National  Union,  and  he  also  holds  membership  in 
the  Friday  Bowling  Club.  He  was  formerly  a  member  of  the  Wis- 
consin National  Guard  and  was  prominently  identified  with  one  of 
its  leading  organizations  in  Milwaukee. 

Liberal  and  progressive  as  a  citizen,  Mr.  Gutenkunst  is  found 
arrayed  as  a  stalwart  supporter  of  the  cause  of  the  Republican  party, 
and  he  served  six  years  as  a  member  of  the  city  board  of  aldermen, 
in  which  he  ably  represented  the  Eleventh  ward,  from  1885  to  1891. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1451 

111  1909  he  was  chosen  a  member  of  the  board  of  city  service  commis- 
sioners, in  which  important  municipal  body  he  continued  to  serve 
with  characteristic  fidelity  until  the  expiration  of  his  term,  in  July, 
1913.    Their  attractive  home  is  located  at  388  Fourteenth  avenue. 

On  the  11th  of  November,  1871,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of 
Mr.  Gutenkunst  to  Miss  Katie  Hostadt,  of  Milwaukee,  and  they  have 
one  son  and  seven  daughters,  concerning  whom  the  following  brief 
record  is  given :  Tony  is  the  wife  of  William  Schubert,  of  Milwaukee ; 
Rosa,  who  is  the  wife  of  Frank  W.  Fellenz,  president  of  the  Calumet 
Club  of  this  city,  in  1913;  Alma,  who  is  the  wife  of  Matthias  Seholl, 
of  Mihvaukee;  Nettie,  who  is  the  wife  of  Charles  E.  Van  Sickle,  of 
this  city ;  Miss  Flora,  who  remains  at  the  parental  home ;  Mada,  who 
is  the  wife  of  Fred  C.  Seideman,  of  Hancock,  Michigan;  Miss  Lillie, 
who  remains  at  home,  as  does  also  William  A.,  who  is  the  only  son  and 
Avho  is  associated  with  the  business  enterprises  of  which  his  father  is 
the  head. 

In  a  reminiscent  way  it  may  be  stated  that  Mr.  Gutenkunst 
learned  his  trade  under  the  late  Carl  F.  Kleinstuber,  a  pioneer  ma- 
chinist and  manufacturer  of  Milwaukee.  Mr.  Gutenkunst  early  gave 
manifestation  of  his  progressive  spirit  and  initiative,  as  he  was  the 
first  business  man  to  provide  for  the  sprinkling  of  streets  on  the  South 
side  of  the  city,  his  -service  having  been  on  Reed  street,  where  his 
place  of  business  was  then  established.  He  utilized  one  of  the  prim- 
itive types  of  street-sprinklers  and  personally  operated  the  same  in 
the  evenings,  after  the  completion  of  his  regular  day's  work.  Those 
of  the  business  men  along  the  street  who  failed  to  contribute  a  due 
quota  for  the  service  were  accorded  definite  mark  of  their  lack  of 
enterprise,  as  Mr.  Gutenkunst  shut  off  the  water  from  his  sprinkler 
when  passing  their  places  of  business,  there  having  been  several 
"arid  strips"  of  this  order.  In  the  early  days  he  also  filled  his 
father's  place  on  the  fire  department  when  his  sire  was  ill  or  other- 
wise unable  to  attend  to  the  matter.  Mr.  Gutenkunst  has  ever  main- 
.tained  his  home  in  Milwaukee  and  has  shown  the  highest  degree  of 
civic  loyalty,  with  a  deep  and  abiding  appreciation  of  the  advantages 
and  attractions  of  the  fine  metropolis  which  he  has  seen  evolved 
from  a  city  of  minor  order. 

P.  F.  DoLAN.  In  the  quarter  century  covering  the  active  career  of 
Mr.  P.  F.  Dolan  he  has  risen  to  an  important  place  of  influence  and 
business  prestige  in  Shawano  county,  which  has  been  his  home  for  the 
past  seventeen  years.  'Mr.  Dolan  was  for  many  years  one  of  the  capa- 
ble educators  of  Wisconsin,  and  had  charge  of  schools  in  different  locali- 
ties. He  is  now  the  head  of  the  firm  of  P.  F.  Dolan  Land  Comany,  real 
estate,  insurance  and  loans,  and  is  a  director  in  the  German-American 
National  Bank  of  Shawano.     He  still  keeps  in  active  touch  with  educa- 


1452  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

tioiial  affairs  aud  is  president  of  the  Shawauo  School  Board,  having  held 
that  office  five  years.  He  moved  to  the  city  of  Shawano  from  AVittenberg, 
in  this  county,  in  1905,  and  had  served  on  the  Wittenberg  school  board. 
He  was  also  in  the  real  estate  and  loan  business  at  Wittenberg  for  four 
years,  from  1901  to  1905. 

Mr.  Dolan  came  to  Shawano  county  from  Highland,  Iowa  county, 
Wisconsin,  where  he  was  born  May  12,  1868.  His  father,  P.  H.  Dolan, 
came  to  Wisconsin  as  a  small  boy  from  Pennsylvania,  settling  in  Iowa 
county,  where  he  was  a  substantial  and  well  known  farmer.  His  wife, 
Mary  Hughes,  was  born  in  Canada.    Both  parents  died  in  Iowa  county. 

The  early  years  of  Mr.  Dolan  were  spent  on  an  Iowa  county  farm, 
and  largely  through  his  own  efforts  and  careful  economy,  he  received 
what  amounted  to  a  liberal  education.  From  the  local  rural  schools  he 
entered  the  high  school  at  Highland,  graduating  in  the  class  of  1888.  He 
then  took  a  course  in  the  normal  school  at  Platteville,  and  graduated 
there  in  1895.  He  also  attended  the  University  of  Wisconsin  during  the 
winters  of  1896-97,  but  did  not  have  enough  money  to  complete  his 
course.  In  the  meantime  he  had  qualified  as  a  teacher,  and  altogether 
spent  thirteen  years  in  that  vocation.  His  services  included  one  term 
at  Almond  in  Portage  county,  four  years  at  Wittenberg,  in  Shawano 
county,  four  years  at  Drybone,  one  term  at  Hollandale.  He  entered  the 
real  estate  business  in  Wittenberg  in  1901,  and  continued  there  until 
early  in  1905.  His  removal  to  Shawano  was  the  consequence  of  his  elec- 
tion to  the  office  of  registrar  of  deeds  of  Shawano  county,  a  post  which  he 
held  for  one  term. 

In  1892  Mr.  Dolan  married  Miss  Sadie  Wallace,  of  Hartford,  Wis- 
consin. Their  tw^o  sons  are  Francis  and  Wallace.  Mr.  Dolan  is  a  pop- 
ular member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  is  one 
of  the  best  known  citizens  of  Shawano  county. 

D.  E.  Wescott.  Prominent  as  a  banker,  business  man  and  public 
official  of  Shawano  county,  Mr.  Wescott  represents  one  of  the  first  of 
the  pioneer  name  in  the  history  of  this  locality.  His  father  w^as  one  of 
those  brave  and  self-reliant  home-makers,  who  pushed  through  the  wil- 
derness and  advanced  the  frontier  of  civilization  during  the  early  days. 
His  father  was  a  very  prominent  man  in  public  affairs  for  many  years, 
and  the  son  has  been  a  worthy  successor,  having  a  long  record  of  service 
in  important  official  capacities,  and  being  closely  identified  \vith  the  busi- 
ness life  of  his  home  community. 

Though  born  in  Oshkosh,  Wisconsin,  December  11,  1850,  D.  E.  W^es- 
cott  may  properly  claim  Shawano  county  as  his  life-long  home,  since  the 
family  had  been  living  in  this  county  for  a  number  of  years  before  his 
birth,  and  only  the  temporary  absence  of  his  mother  in  Oshkosh  pre- 
vented him  from  being  a  native  son  of  the  county.  His  parents  were 
Charles  D.  and  Jane  (Dx'iesbach)  Wescott.    Charles  D.  Wescott  came  to 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  U53 

Wiseonsiu  territory  about  ISil.  He  was  boru  in  St.  Lawrence  county, 
New  York,  while  his  wife  was  a  native  of  Livingston  county  in  the  same 
state.  During  his  early  residence  in  Wisconsin,  Charles  D.  Wescott 
belonged  to  the  lower  ranks  of  the  industrial  army,  and  worked  as,  a 
laborer  in  different  parts  of  the  state.  In  1843  he  first  came  to  Sha- 
wano county,  and  assisted  in  the  construction  of  a  dam  across  the  outlet 
of  Shawano  Lake.  In  1848  he  was  married,  and  brought  his  bride  to 
Shawano  county.  She  was  the  first  permanent  white  woman  settler  in 
Shawano  county.  A  short  time  before  the  birth  of  her  son  she  left  the 
frontier  settlement  and  went  to  Oshkosh  in  order  to  get  medical  attend- 
ance, and  it  was  for  these  pioneer  reasons  that  D.  E.  Wescott  was  born 
and  spent  the  first  nine  or  ten  months  of  his  life  at  O.shkosh.  The  father 
had  some  land  in  Winnebago  county,  and  traded  it  for  a  tract  in  Sha- 
wano county,  and  it  was  on  this  land,  located  about  a  half  mile  north  of 
the  city  limits  of  Shawano  that  D.  E.  Wescott  grew  to  manhood. 

Charles  D.  Wescott  was  for  many  years  chairman  of  the  board  of 
supervisors  of  Shawano  county.  By  occupation  he  was  a  farmer  and 
logger  throughout  his  active  career,  and  was  considered  one  of  the  most 
expert  loggers  and  river  drivers  in  this  section.  His  death  occurred  in 
Shawano  county  on  his  old  farm  at  the  age  of  eighty-five  years  and  was 
preceded  by  his  wife's  some  five  or  six  years.  She  was  seventy-seven 
years  of  age  at  the  time  of  her  death. 

Mr.  D.  E.  Wescott  was  reared  on  the  home  farm,  had  a  country 
school  education,  and  later  taught  school  about  three  terms.  He  early 
took  a  prominent  part  in  public  affairs,  and  on  leaving  the  school  room^ 
was  elected  and  served  four  years  as  registrar  of  deeds.  Four  years 
after  that  he  held  the  office  of  county  clerk,  and  for  a  similar  period  was 
county  treasurer.  For  one  term  he  was  elected  and  served  in  the  state 
senate  from  1893  to  1897.  Mr.  Wescott  has  also  been  mayor  of  Sha- 
wano for  two  terms.  He  is  now  administering  the  office  of  city  clerk,  a 
place  which  he  has  held  since  1900.  In  connection  with  his  official  duties 
he  conducts  a  fire  insurance  agency.  He  was  for  a  number  of  years  a, 
director  in  the  old  Shawano  County  Bank,  and  when  that  bank  was  re- 
organized in  1900  as  the  First  National  Bank  of  Shawano,  he  was  elected 
vice  president,  a  position  which  he  still  holds.  Mr.  W^escott  has  for  more 
than  forty  years  been  an  active  member  of  the  I\Ia.sonie  Order,  and  for 
a  long  time  served  as  master  of  his  local  lodge. 

In  1874  D.  E.  Wescott  and  Harriet  E.  Coon  were  united  in  mar- 
riage. She  was  born  at  Friendship,  New  York,  and  had  come  to  Wiscon- 
sin to  visit  her  relatives,  the  McCords.  It  was  during  this  visit  that  she 
met  Mr.  Wescott,  and  the  latter  some  time  later  followed  her  to  Friend- 
ship, New  York,  where  they  were  married  in  the  same  house  in  which 
she  had  been  born.  A  brother  of  Mrs.  Wescott,  Charles  E.  Coons,  was 
at  one  time  assistant  secretary  of  the  treasury,  afterwards  moved  out 
to  the  state  of  Washington,  where  he  was  lieutenant  governor.    Mr.  and 


1454  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Mrs.  Wescott  have  a  family  of  three  living  children.  Warde  A.  is  a 
prominent  attorney  at  Crandon,  Wisconsin;  Bernard,  died  at  Blaine, 
Washington,  in  1900.  He  was  born  in  1877,  entered  the  revenue  depart- 
ment of  the  government  service,  and  was  connected  with  that  work  at 
the  time  of  his  death.  The  next  child,  a  daughter,  died  at  the  age  of  four 
months.  Harriet  died  also  in  infancy,  Percy  E.,  who  saw  three  years 
of  military  service  while  in  the  west,  is  now  a  resident  of  Hammond, 
Oregon.  He  was  married  in  Oregon,  brought  his  wife  home  to  Shawano, 
where  he  spent  a  year,  and  then  returned  to  Oregon  to  live.  Ralph 
Rogers,  is  a  graduate  of  the  Shawano  high  school  in  the  class  of  1913 
and  is  now  a  student  at  Lawrence  College  of  Appleton,  Wis. 

Thomas  B.  Keith.  In  the  general  commercial  activities  of  the  city 
of  Eau  Claire,  there  is  no  firm  that  stands  higher  and  has  greater  influ- 
ence in  the  scope  of  its  enterprise  than  that  of  Keith  Brothers,  two  vig- 
orous young  business  men,  who  direct  and  control  very  important  lum- 
ber and  land  interests  in  this  state  and  elsewhere. 

Thomas  B.  Keith  is  a  native  of  the  city  of  Eau  Claire,  and  a  son 
of  the  late  John  J.  Keith  and  his  wife  Agnes  (Barland)  Keith.  His 
father  located  at  Eau  Claire  half  a  century  ago,  while  his  mother  is  one 
of  the  oldest  pioneer  women  of  the  city,  and  belongs  to  a  family  which 
was  established  here  before  the  town  itself.  The  interesting  details  of 
the  family  history  of  the  Keiths  and  the  Barlows  will  be  found  in  the 
sketch  of  Mr.  Alexander  J.  Keith,  elsewhere  in  these  pages. 

Mr.  Thomas  B.  Keith  received  his  early  education  in  the  grade  and 
high  schools  of  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin.  On  leaving  school  he  appUed 
himself  with  energy  and  ambition  to  acquiring  the  essential  experiences 
necessary  to  success  in  business.  His  first  business  employment  was  as 
bookkeeper  for  the  Eau  Claire  Rolling  Mill  Company,  subsequently  he 
was  bookkeeper  with  the  Drummond  Brothers,  and  in  1891  entered  the 
Eau  Claire  National  Bank  as  assistant  cashier.  He  was  an  active  official 
in  that  bank  until  1903  at  which  date  was  organized  the  firm  of  KeitH 
Brothers,  consisting  of  himself  and  his  brother  Alexander  J.  They  have 
since  then  done  an  extensive  business  in  timber  and  farm  lands,  operat- 
ing extensive  holdings  both  in  Wisconsin  and  in  the  west.  They  are 
also  actively  interested  in  a  large  logging  and  saw-milling  business  in 
Oregon.  Mr.  Keith  is  a  director  in  the  Eau  Claire  National  Bank  and 
in  the  Eau  Claire  Savings  Bank. 

He  tak^s  a  very  prominent  part  in  Masonry.  His  local  affiliations 
are  with  Eau  Claire  Lodge  No.  112,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  with  Eau  Claire 
Chapter  No.  36  R.  A.  M.,  and  with  Eau  Claire  Commandery  No.  8  K. 
T.  He  is  also  a  thirty-second  degree  Scottish  Rite  Mason,  and  affiliates 
with  the  Wisconsin  Consistory,  and  the  Tripoli  Temple  of  the  Mystic 
Shrine.     In  politics  he  is  a  Republican. 

On  October  18,  1898,  Mr.  Keith  married  Miss  Mary  Grassie.    She  was 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1455 

born  in  Methuen,  Massachusetts,  a  daughter  of  Thomas  G.  and  Mary- 
Elizabeth  (Holbrook)  Grassie.  Her  father,  a  native  of  Scotland,  came 
to  this  country  at  the  age  of  eight  years,  and  was  educated  in  Amherst 
CoUege,  and  took  up  the  work  of  the  ministry  in  the  Congregational 
church.  When  a  young  man  he  came  west  and  began  his  ministry  in 
Wisconsin  during  the  early  days  of  the  state.  He  held  charges  at  Osh- 
kosh  and  at  Appleton,  Wisconsin,  and  later  had  charge  of  the  mission- 
ary work  covering  the  entire  state.  The  four  children  comprising  the 
home  circle  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Keith  are  named  as  follows :  Effie  G., 
Thomas  G.,  John  Johnston  and  Mary  E. 

Henry  Schoellkopf.  The  late  Henry  Schoellkopf  who  was  one  of 
the  best  known  younger  attorneys  of  Milwaukee,  a  member  of  the  firm 
of  Markham  &  Schoellkopf,  was  born  in  Buffalo,  New  York,  in  1879, 
and  died  in  St.  Mary's  hospital  in  Milwaukee  in  December,  1912. 

A  grandson  of  the  late  Fred  Vogel,  he  received  his  preparatory  edu- 
cation in  Switzerland  and  then  entered  Cornell  University.  On  grad- 
uating from  Cornell  he  entered  Harvard  where  he  took  the  law  course 
and  was  graduated  in  1906.  Mr.  Schoellkopf  was  prominent  in  college 
athletic  circles  while  a  student  in  Cornell  and  Harvard.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  football  team  of  both  schools  and  was  named  in  the  all- 
American  teams  during  his  football  days.  On  leaving  college  he  kept 
in  touch  with  the  sport  and  made  trips  to  Cornell  to  assist  in  coaching 
the  team.  He  was  a  member  of  the  University  Club  of  ]\Iilwaukee,  and 
the-  University  Club  of  Chicago.  A  short  time  before  his  death  he  had 
been  elected  president  of  the  Milwaukee  University  Club,  and  besides 
he  was  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee  Club  and  the  Town  Club.  Mr. 
Schoellkopf 's  business  connections  were  numerous.  He  was  attache  of 
the  Northwestern  Mutual  Life  &  Insurance  Company,  was  a  share- 
holder in  the  Niagara  Falls  Power  Company,  and  was  interested  in  a 
number  of  other  large  enterprises. 

On  November  29,  1911,  he  married  Miss  Elizabeth  Murphy,  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  John  P.  Murphy.  A  daughter  was  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Schoellkopf  a  few  weeks  before  his  death. 

John  P.  Murphy.  Until  death  laid  its  restraining  finger  upon  him, 
the  late  John  P.  Murphy  was  one  of  the  best  known  and  ablest  of  Mil- 
waukee's bankers,  and  men  of  affairs.  He  was  at  his  death  vice  presi- 
dent of  the  Milwaukee  National  Bank,  and  for  many  years  had  been 
prominent  in  financial  and  business  affairs  of  the  city. 

John  P.  Murphy  was  born  in  the  Third  ward  of  Milwaukee,  Septem- 
ber 15,  1850,  and  his  boyhood  was  spent  in  attendance  at  the  old  "Pome- 
roy"  school  with  other  sturdy  boys  of  that  locality,  including  Thomas 
G.  Shaughnessy,  later  president  of  the  Canadian  &  Pacific  Railroad. 
The  late  Mr.  IMurphy  was  a  graduate  of  the  school  of  hard  work  and 


1456  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

varied  experience.  As  a  boy  lie  sold  newspapers  on  the  street.  When 
eleven  years  old  he  was  taken  in  as  an  assistant  in  the  Lydston  &  Mosher 
photographic  studio,  and  was  soon  set  to  coloring  photographs,  an  art 
in  which  he  displayed  great  skill.  At  the  age  of  eighteen  he  began  work- 
ing for  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad  as  a  bill  clerk  in 
Milwaukee. 

From  his  native  city  he  transferred  his  activities  to  Chicago,  where 
he  was  in  the  freight  offices  of  the  Northwestern  road  as  a  clerk,  and  also 
spent  some  time  as  a  railroad  freight  clerk  with  the  old  Hannibal  and 
St.  Joe  Railroad  in  Kansas  City.  While  in  Kansas  City  at  the  age  of 
twenty,  he  began  his  banking  career  as  bookkeeper  in  the  First  National 
Bank.  In  1873  he  was  made  receiving  teller  in  the  jMauston  Bank.  Mr. 
Murphy  in  1874  returned  to  Milwaukee,  and  entered  the  services  of 
the  First  National  Bank  in  this  city.  Twelve  years  later  he  became 
cashier  of  the  newly  organized  Plankinton  Bank.  Before  the  failure 
of  this  institution,  at  the  beginning  of  the  panic  of  1893,  he  had  gone 
over  to  the  Wisconsin  Marine  &  Fire  Insurance  Company  Bank,  in  the 
office  of  cashier.  When  that  bank  was  closed  he  became  vice  president 
of  the  Milwaukee  National,  where  he  still  continued  as  an  important 
factor  in  the  welfare  of  the  institution  until  his  death  on  January  24, 
1909. 

The  late  IMr.  Murphy  was  vice  president  of  the  Milwaukee  Bankers 
Club.  He  held  membership  in  the  Milwaukee,  the  Deutscher.  and  the 
Athletic  Clubs.  As  a  citizen  he  served  some  time  as  a  member  of  the 
Fire  and  Police  Commission.  He  was  a  director  of  the  Milwaukee  Gas 
Light  and  the  Milwaukee  Trust  Company,  and  was  chairman  of  the 
Gas  Light  Company. 

In  social  life,  ]\Ir.  ]\Iurphy  was  a  genial,  friendly  companion,  a  man 
who  possessed  the  ability  to  make  and  to  keep  friends.  In  business  he 
was  the  soul  of  honor,  and  was  noted  for  his  painstaking  exactness  and 
accuracy.  In  banking  and  financial  circles,  he  stood  in  the  highest 
esteem  of  his  associates  and  fellows. 

Editorially  the  Evening  Wisconsin  of  Jamiary  25.  1909.  said  of 
him;  "John  P.  Murphy,  vice  president  of  the  Milwaukee  National  Bank, 
who  passed  from  life  yesterday  afternoon,  after  a  prolonged  illness, 
was  a  'Milwaukee  boy'  of  the  first  generation  following  the  pioneers 
who  laid  the  foundation  of  the  city.  Except  for  a  few  years  during 
which  he  was  identified  with  banking  interests  in  the  southwest,  the 
energies  of  Mr.  Murphy's  mature  years  were  exerted  in  his  home  city, 
to  which  his  heart  clung  during  his  absence  and  to  which  he  was  glad 
to  return.  His  familiar  face  will  be  missed  by  many  business  asso- 
ciates, including  valued  friends  who  through  long  years  of  association 
came  to  know  his  sterling  qualities  as  a  man  of  business  and  as  a  friend. " 

June  2,  1875,  Mr.  Murphy  married  Miss  Catherine  Shea,  daughter 
of  the  late  Thomas  Shea,  and  to  them  were  born  three  sons  and  three 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN  1457 

daughters:  Harry,  who  resides  iu  Kansas  City,  Missouri;  Fredrick,  a 
resident  of  Milwaukee;  Frank,  who  resides  in  Akron,  Ohio;  Elizabeth, 
who  married  the  late  Henry  Schoellkopf,  and  resides  in  Milwaukee; 
Alice  and  Ruth.  Mrs.  Murphy  and  her  family  now  reside  in  the  old 
home  at  512  Terrace  Avenue  in  Milwaukee. 

Hon.  George  Wilbur  Peck,  who  gained  world-wide  fame  as  the 
author  of  "Peek's  Bad  Boy,"  and  who  incidentally  was  the  sixteenth 
Governor  of  Wisconsin,  celebrated  the  seventy-second  anniversary 
of  his  birth  on  September  27,  1912.  The  Milwaukee  Sentinel  in  its 
issue  of  that  date  said  of  him:  "Former  Governor  George  W.  Peck, 
one  of  Milwaukee's  most  famous  literary  men,  author  of  'Peck's 
Bad  Boy'  and  several  other  stories,  will  celebrate  the  seventy-second 
anniversary  of  his  birth  on  Friday.  No  elaborate  celebration  is 
planned,  but  Mr.  Peck  will  spend  the  day  quietly  at  his  home,  190 
Farwell  avenue,  with  his  family.  He  has  been  on  a  business  trip  to 
Lomira,  Wisconsin,  for  the  last  few  days,  and  will  return  to  Milwaukee 
on  Friday.  'I  w^ould  rather  be  in  a  duck  boat  in  a  blizzard  than  sit- 
ting quietly  in  front  of  a  tire  in  the  house  any  day  in  the  week,'  said 
the  governor,  'and  I  think  that  the  trouble  with  young  men  is  that 
they  do  not  get  fresh  air  enough.  I  walk  seven  or  eight  miles  every 
day,  and  that  is  why  my  friends  are  congratulating  me  on  my  good 
health.'  " 

George  Wilbur  Peck  was  born  in  Henderson,  Jefferson  county. 
New  York,  on  September  28,  1840,  and  is  the  son  of  David  B.  and 
Alzina  Peck.  When  he  was  three  years  old  his  parents  moved  to 
Wisconsin  and  settled  near  Whitewater,  and  in  the  schools  of  that 
place  he  received  his  early  educational  training.  In  1855  he  entered 
the  office  of  the  Whitewater  Register,  as  an  apprentice,  and  when  he 
had  mastered  his  trade  Avorked  as  a  journeyman  printer  on  numerous 
papers  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin.  He  finally  became  foreman  of  the 
Watertown  Repuhlican.  For  a  time  he  served  as  hotel  clerk  at 
Janesville,  remaining  there  until  the  proprietor  of  the  hotel  failed  in 
1860,  and  in  that  year  he  established  the  Jefferson  County  Republican. 
In  1863  he  disposed  of  his  interests  there  and  moved  to  Madison, 
where  for  a  time  he  was  occupied  as  a  typesetter  on  the  Wisconsin 
State  Journal.  Later  in  the  same  year  he  enlisted  as  a  private  in  the 
Fourth  Wisconsin  Cavalry,  and  after  the  cessation  of  hostilities  was 
mustered  out  with  the  rank  of  Lieutenant.  Upon  his  return  to  the 
state  he  established  the  Ripon  Representative,  but  in  1868  sold  it  to 
respond  to  a  call  to  an  editorship  on  Pomeroy's  Democrat  in  New 
York  City.  Three  years  later  he  returned  to  Wisconsin  and  became 
editor  of  the  La  Crosse  branch  of  the  same  paper  and  in  1874  pur- 
chased a  half  interest  in  the  concern.  In  the  same  year  he  started 
Peck's  Sun,  which  he  removed  to  Milwaukee  in  1878,  that  year  mark- 


1458  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

ing  a  decided  advance  in  the  prosperity  of  his  journalistic  career. 
The  Sun  soon  became  known  throughout  the  country  because  of  a 
certain  flavor  which  editorial  and  other  articles  in  the  paper  bore, 
and  a  strong  tinge  of  humor  which  was  a  latent  quality  of  the  editor 
was  allowed  to  penetrate  the  columns  of  his  paper,  which  resulted  in 
a  popularity  which  brought  the  paper  a  circulation  of  eighty  thou- 
sand copies  a  week,  extending  to  all  parts  of  the  country.  Thus  his 
finances  promptly  assumed  a  more  healthy  aspect,  and  his  pi-esent 
financial  independence  was  reached  directly  through  the  success  of 
his  paper,  the  Sim. 

Mr.  Peck's  first  political  activities  dated  back  to  the  year  1867, 
when  he  was  city  treasurer  of  Ripon,  Wisconsin,  and  thereafter  he 
held  various  offices  of  more  or  less  importance.  In  1874-5  he  was 
chief  clerk  of  the  Assembly,  and  he  served  as  Assistant  State  Treas- 
ury Agent  for  a  year  while  Governor  Taylor  was  filling  the  guberna- 
torial chair  of  the  state.  He  supported  Cleveland  in  both  of  his 
administrations,  and  when  he  removed  to  Milwaukee  he  manifested  a 
healthy  interest  in  municipal  affairs  which  resulted  in  his  election 
to  the  mayoralty  in  1890.  Soon  thereafter  he  received  the  nomination 
of  his  party  for  Governor,  and  was  duly  elected  to  that  office,  winning 
in  the  contest  by  a  plurality  of  28,000  votes.  Two  years  later  he 
succeeded  himself  in  the  governorship,  his  plurality  in  this  event 
being  8,000.  In  1894  he  was  again  the  candidate  of  his  party  for 
election  to  that  high  office,  but  with  the  rest  of  his  party,  suffered 
defeat  at  the  election.  Ten  years  later,  in  1904,  he  was  again  his 
party's  choice  for  governor,  but  failed  of  election.  He  has  the 
unique  distinction  of  having  been  four  times  candidate  for  the  gov- 
ernorship of  Wisconsin,  being  twice  elected. 

As  a  humorous  writer,  it  is  conceded  that  Governor  Peck  is  one 
of  the  best  known  in  the  United  States.  His  "Bad  Boy"  sketches  won 
him  universal  fame,  while  his  humor  touched  upon  every  phase  of 
life,  and  attracted  a  notice  that  made  his  paper  famous  all  over  the 
country,  while  many  of  his  writings  were  produced  in  book  form. 

Concerning  this  phase  of  his  nature  and  disposition,  the  Tammany 
Times  in  writing  of  him  has  well  said :  ' '  Peck 's  sunshine  is  not  all  in 
print.  He  shows  the  quintessence  of  good  nature  in  his  daily  walk 
and  conduct.  In  his  public  speaking,  newspaper  writing  and  in 
repartee  he  is  full  of  bubbling,  innocent  fun.  Although  the  humorous 
side  of  his  nature  is  largely  developed,  when  occasion  demands  he 
has  the  dignity  and  bearing  of  the  most  reserved,  and  carries  his 
honors  with  a  grace  that  is  seldom  equaled.  He  is  sympathetic  and 
generous,  charitable  to  the  opinions  of  those  who  differ  from  him, 
and  his  political  life  is  without  a  blemish." 

In  1860  Governor  Peck  was  married  to  Miss  Francena  Rowley,  of 
Delavan,   Wisconsin.     Since  his  retirement   from   public   life,   he   has. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1459 

lived   quietly  in  Milwaukee,   where   he   maintains  his   home,   at   190 
Farwell  avenue. 

Edward  R.  Estberg.  One  of  the  best  known  financial  institutions 
in  Wisconsin  is  the  Waukesha  National  Bank,  with  a  continuous  his- 
tory of  more  than  half  a  century,  and  with  resources  and  facilities  which 
place  it  on  a  par  with  the  leading  institutions  of  the  state.  On  other 
pages  of  this  history  will  be  found  the  career  of  the  honored  president 
of  the  bank,  Mr.  A.  J.  Frame,  one  of  the  ablest  authorities  on  banking 
and  finance  in  the  country.  The  cashier  of  the  Waukesha  National  is 
Edward  R.  Estberg,  who  has  been  continuously  identified  with  this 
institution  for  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century,  and  entered  it  as  a 
messenger,  and  for  a  number  of  years  past  has  been  entrusted  with 
much  of  the  management  of  this  institution.  Besides  his  position  as  a 
banker,  Mr.  Estberg  is  identified  with  other  local  business  interests. 
He  is  one  of  the  progressive  citizens  of  his  native  city  and  county,  and 
enjoys  the  thorough  confidence  and  esteem  of  the  entire  community. 

Edward  R.  Estberg  was  born  in  Waukesha,  November  25,  1862.  His 
parents  were  Claes  A.  and  Sophia  (Schlitz)  Estberg.  The  father  was 
born  in  Sweden,  where  he  was  reared  and  educated  and  learned  the 
trade  of  jeweler.  His  birth  occurred  on  February  23,  1825,  and  at  the 
age  of  twenty-four,  in  1849,  he  came  to  America.  About  ten  years  after 
his  arrival,  he 'established  his  home  at  Waukesha,  and  there  built  up  a 
prosperous  business  as  a  jeweler.  On  Christmas  day  of  1864,  he  mar- 
ried ]Miss  Sophia  Schlitz  and  she  survived  her  husband  a  number  of 
years.     They  became  the  parents  of  four  sons. 

The  early  youth  of  Edward  R.  Estberg  was  divided  between  local 
schools  and  practical  training  for  his  business  career.  At  the  age  of 
fourteen  he  left  the  Waukesha  schools,  and  for  four  years  worked  in 
his  father's  jewelery  store.  On  the  nineteenth  of  June.  1880,  he  took 
his  place  as  messenger  in  the  Waukesha  National  Bank.  It  was  his 
ambition  to  learn  banking  in  all  details  and  make  that  his  permanent 
career,  and  by  close  attention  to  his  work  and  proving  himself  trust- 
worthy in  every  responsibility,  he  was  advanced  to  the  office  of  book- 
keeper and  then  to  teller.  His  work  as  teller  of  the  Waukesha  National 
continued  for  more  than  twenty  years,  and  in  1907  he  was  elected  cash- 
ier. The  Waukesha  National  Bank  succeeded  the  Waukesha  County 
Bank  that  was  organized  in  1855.  The  national  charter  was  taken  out 
in  1865,  and  it  is  now  not  only  one  of  the  oldest  among  national  banks 
of  Wisconsii>,  but  has  had  a  continuous  record  of  substantial  growth 
and  prosperity.  Its  capital  stock  is  one  hundred  and  fifty  thousand 
dollars,  its  surplus  funds  aggregate  more  than  its  capital,  and  its  de- 
posits are  nearly  two  and  a  half  million  dollars.  The  home  of  the  Wau- 
kesha National  is  one  of  the  finest  and  most  modern  bank  buildings  in 
in  the  state.    The  executive  officers  of  the  Waukesha  National  are :    An- 


1^60  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

drew  J.  Frame,  president;  Frank  H.  Putney,  vice  president;  Henry 
M.  Frame,  vice  president;  Edward  R.  Estberg,  cashier;  and  Walter 
R.  Frame  and  John  G.  Gredler,  assistant  cashiers.  All  of  these  officers, 
except  the  assistant  cashiers,  are  directors,  and  the  other  member  of 
the  directorate  is  John  Brehm,  Jr. 

Mr.  Estberg  is  also  vice  president  and  a  director  of  the  Waukesha 
Malleable  Iron  Company,  and  of  the  Waukesha  Motor  Company;  a 
director  of  the  Modern  Steel  Structural  Company;  is  treasurer  and 
a  director  of  the  Dehydrating  Company,  an  important  Waukesha  con- 
cern ;  is  a  director  of  the  National  Water  Company,  owners  of  the  cele- 
brated White  Rock  Mineral  Springs  of  Waukesha,  and  is  vice  presi- 
dent and  a  director  of  the  Compton  Manufacturing  Company  of  Wau- 
kesha. It  w^as  due  to  the  work  of  Mr.  Estberg  primarily  that  the  pur- 
chase of.  the  White  Rock  Springs  property  was  effected  by  the  present 
company.  For  this  valuable  property,  whose  product  is  known  all  over 
the  nation,  the  sum  of  one  million  five  hundred  dollars  was  paid  in  cash, 
that  being  the  largest  cash  transaction  ever  made  in  Waukesha  county. 

A  successful  business  man,  Mr.  Estberg  has  always  shown  great 
public  spirit  and  interests  in  the  civic  welfare  of  his  home  city.  His 
name  has  been  associated  with  many  of  the  local  undertakings  and 
movements  for  the  betterment  of  AVaukesha  city  and  county.  In  poli- 
ties he  is  a  Republican,  but  has  never  sought  any  office  or  political  hon- 
ors of  any  kind.  His  fraternal  affiliations  are  with  the  Lodge,  Chapter 
and  Commandery  of  the  Masonic  Order,  and  for  a  quarter  of  a  century, 
he  has  had  membership  in  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church,  to  which 
his  wife  also  belongs.  On  November  8,  1893,  Mr.  Estberg  married  Miss 
Sara  Brown.  They  are  the  parents  of  five  children :  Lola,  John,  Mar- 
garet, Edward  and  Charles. 

John  C.  Thompson.  As  one  of  the  representative  members  of  the 
bar  of  his  native  state  and  as  one  of  the  prominent  and  influential  citi- 
zens of  Oshkosh,  AVinnebago  county,  Mr.  Thompson  is  well  entitled  to 
specific  recognition  in  this  publication.  He  was  born  at  Princeton, 
Green  Lake  county,  Wisconsin,  on  the  28th  of  April,  1872,  and  is  a  son 
of  John  C.  and  Catherine  ]\I.  (Cameron)  Thompson,  who  came  to  Wis- 
consin in  1849.  He  whose  name  initiates  this  review  is  indebted  to  the 
public  schools  of  Wisconsin  for  his  earlier  educational  discipline,  which 
was  supplemented  by  four  years  at  Ripon  College,  at  Ripon,  this  state, 
and  he  later  attended  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  at  Madison.  In 
preparation  for  the  work  of  his  chosen  profession,  Mr.  Thompson  was 
matriculated  in  the  Wisconsin  college  of  Law,  at  Madison,  and  in  this 
institution  he  was  graduated  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1893,  with  the 
degree  of  Bachelor  of  Law^s.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  his  native 
state  and  in  July  of  the  same  year  he  opened  an  office  in  Oshkosh,  where 
he  has  since  been  engaged  in  the  active  practice  of  his  profession  and 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1461 

where  he  has  gained  high  standing  as  a  versatile  advocate  and  well  for- 
tified counselor,  with  the  result  that  he  has  long  retained  a  representa- 
tive clientage  and  has  been  identified  with  much  of  the  important  liti- 
gation before  the  courts  of  this  section  of  the  state. 

Mr.  Thompson  is  a  man  of  distinctive  intellectual  attainments  and 
high  literary  appreciation,  and  his  study  and  research  have  been  car- 
ried into  a  wide  sphere.  He  is  a  life  member  of  the  Wisconsin  State 
Historical  Association,  one  of  the  most  vital  and  admirable  organiza- 
tions of  the  kind  in  the  Union,  and  he  is  also  identified  with  the  Ameri- 
can Bar  xVssoeiation,  and  the  National  Geographical  Society.  He  has 
been  one  of  the  most  ardent  and  effective  of  workers  in  behalf  of  the 
cause  of  the  Republican  party,  and  served  for  six  years  as  chairman  of 
the  Republican  county  committee  of  Winnebago  county,  an  office  in 
which  he  showed  much  skill  and  discrimination  in  manoeuvering  the 
political  forces  at  his  command.  He  served  four  years  as  chairman  of 
the  county  board  of  supervisors,  and  during  this  time  was  an  insistent 
advocate  of  progressive  policies,  with  due  conservatism  in  the  admin- 
istration of  county  affairs.  He  was  also  for  a  time  a  member  of  the 
Oshkosh  board  of  education.  Mr.  Thompson  is  a  stockholder  in  a  num- 
ber of  banking  institutions  in  his  home  state,  besides  which  he  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  well  known  firm  of  Thompson,  Pinkerton  &  Jackson,  attor- 
neys at  law  of  Oshkosh. 

In  the  year  1899  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  ^Ir.  Thompson  to 
Miss  Mabel  A.  Gile,  a  former  resident  of  Neenah,  Wisconsin,  and  they 
have  three  children,  namely:  John  C,  Jr.,  Robert  R.  and  Barbar  S. 
Thompson. 

Robert  Kelly.  Since  his  advent  in  Superior,  in  1892,  Robert  Kelly 
has  been  identified  with  some  of  the  largest  industries  which  have  added 
to  the  prestige  of  his  adopted  city,  but  his  activities  have  not  been  con- 
fined to  the  advancing  of  his  personal  interests,  for  at  all  times  he  has 
manifested  a  commendable  willingness  to  co-operate  with  other  earnest 
and  hard-working  citizens  in  forwarding  movements  for  the  public 
welfare.  A  native  of  the  East,  he  came  to  Wisconsin  in  the  prime  of^ 
manhood,  bringing  with  him  a  wide  experience,  a  thorough  knowledge 
of  men  and  affairs  and  that  ability  and  judgment  which  are  only  ac- 
quired by  active  participation  in  the  marts  of  trade  and  commerce.  In 
his  new  field,  he  found  ample  scope  for  his  attainments,  and  he  has 
steadily  risen  to  his  merited  place  among  the  men  to  whom  the  general 
public  looks  for  counsel,  advice  and  leadership.  Mr.  Kelly  was  born 
December  26,  1849,  in  New  York  City,  and  is  a  son  of  Robert  and  Arietta 
A.  (Hutton)  Kelly.  His  father,  a  native  of  Brooklyn,  was  for  some 
years  engaged  in  the  dry  goods  business  in  New  York,  but  early  entered 
Democratic  politics,  and  becoming  one  of  the  first  members  of  Tam- 
many Hall,  was  elected  president  of  the  New  York  Board  of  Education, 


1462  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

aud  subsequently  became  city  comptroller,  a  position  he  held  at  the  time 
of  his  death,  when  he  was  but  forty-six  years  of  age.  His  wife,  also  a 
native  of  the  Empire  State,  survived  him  for  a  long  period,  and  passed 
away  when  seventy  years  old,  having  been  the  mother  of  three  children, 
of  whom  Robert  is  the  second. 

Robert  Kelly  was  given  excellent  educational  advantages,  attending 
the  public  and  high  schools  of  his  native  city,  Yale  College  and  the 
Columbia  College  of  Law,  from  which  last-named  institution  he  was 
grd^duated  with  the  class  of  1872.  He  at  once  entered  business  in  the 
East,  and  until  coming  to  Wisconsin  devoted  his  energies  to  the  iron 
business  and  other  large  ventures.  His  versatile  abilities  have  led  him 
into  varied  lines  of  trade,  and  at  present  he  is  general  manager  of  the 
Land  &  River  Company,  Reorganized,  resident  manager  of  the  United 
States  Cast  Iron  Pipe  and  Foundry  Company  and  vice  president  of  the 
First  National  Bank  of  Superior,  and  represents  other  large  real  estate 
interests  here.  He  has  not  been  indifferent  to  the  social  amenities,  and 
is  at  present  president  of  the  Country  Club,  and  holds  membership  in 
Superior  Lodge,  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  Mr.  Kelly 
holds  independent  views  in  political  matters  and  has  not  entered  the 
public  arena,  although  he  has  realized  the  duties  of  citizenship  and  is 
now  serving  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  park  commissioners. 

Mr.  Kelly  was  married  to  ]\Iiss  Mabel  Silliman  of  New  Haven,  Con- 
necticut, daughter  of  Benjamin  Silliman,  a  noted  educator  of  the  East. 
Five  children  have  been  born  to  this  union:  Robert;  William;  Mabel, 
who  is  the  wife  of  P.  G.  Stratton,  of  Superior ;  Faith,  the  wife  of  J.  M. 
Kennedy,  of  Chicago;  and  Eleanor  R. 

Louis  Hanitch.  Were  a  comparison  instituted  among  lawyers  in 
general  practice  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  to  prove  which  of  them  all 
have  enjoyed  the  largest  measure  of  public  confidence  as  a  manager  of 
eases  calling  for  deep  knowledge-  of  law  and  practice,  readiness  of  re- 
source, energy  of  action  and  power  of  logical  argument,  the  name  of 
Louis  Hanitch,  of  Superior,  would  be  found  very  near  the  head.  Com- 
ing to  this  city  in  1891,  he  has  rapidly  risen  in  the  ranks  of  his  pro- 
fession, and  is  today  recognized  by  bar  and  public  as  one  of  the  most 
able  legists  practicing  in  the  Douglas  county  courts.  ]\Ir.  Hanitch  is  a 
native  of  Dayton,  Ohio,  and  was  born  October  9,  1863,  a  son  of  John 
and  Mary  (Schilb)  Hanitch.    Both  parents  were  born  in  Germany. 

Louis  Hanitch  received  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Dayton,  Ohio,  following  which  he  took  a  preparatory  course  at  the 
University  of  Ohio,  at  Columbus.  Subsequently  he  spent  two  years 
in  a  private  school  at  Dayton,  and  when  nineteen  years  of  age  went  to 
Bismarck,  North  Dakota,  there  spending  two  years  in  agricultural  pur- 
suits. His  first  regular  introduction  into  legal  life  was  in  the  office  of 
Flannery  &  Cooke,  where  he  spent  about  two  years,  following  which  he 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1463 

was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  followed  his  profession  in  North  Dakota 
until  1891.  While  in  that  state,  he  served  as  district  attorney  of  Bur- 
leigh county,  and  also  as  assistant  attorney  general  for  the  territory  of 
North  Dakota.  In  August,  1891,  he  established  himself  in  practice  in 
Superior,  and  here  he  has  continued  to  follow  his  profession  to  the 
present  time.  Mr.  Hanitch  has  a  large  and  representative  general 
practice.  He  has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  a  number  of  eases  of  an 
important  nature,  which  have  been  brought  to  a  successful  issue  and  in 
which  his  success  has  been  due  to  a  certain  life-long  habit  of  action, 
which  has  always  led  him  to  examine  for  himself  every  vital  point  in 
question,  and  to  give  up  no  search  as  hopeless  until  he  has  exhausted 
its  possibilities.  He  has  served  as  a  member  of  the  school  board  of 
Superior  and  in  October,  1912,  he  was  appointed  by  the  Supreme  Court 
of  Wisconsin  a  member  of  the  State  Board  of  Bar  Examiners.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Douglas  County  and  Wisconsin  State  Bar  Associations 
and  is  also  connected  with  the  Superior  Commercial  Club,  and  Supe- 
rior Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  His  political  support  has  been  given  to  the 
Republican  party. 

On  March  12,  1890,  Mr.  Hanitch  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss 
Elizabeth  Farquhar,  who  was  born  in  California,  and  to  this  union 
there  have  been  born  three  children,  the  Misses  Mary,  Catherine  L. 
and  Elizabeth. 

Andrew  B.  Oettinger.  Now  serving  in  his  third  term  as  registrar 
of  deeds  of  Forest  county,  Andrew  Oettinger  has  been  a  resident  of 
this  county  for  twel,ve  years,  and  in  an  official  capacity  and  through 
his  business  has  furnished  a  valuable  service  to  the  community.  For 
a  number  of  years  he  has  been  engaged  in  the  insurance,  loan  and 
abstract  business  in  Forest  county,  and  his  careful  record,  his  integ- 
rity in  his  dealings  between  investors  and  purchasers  have  never 
been  questioned.  Mr.  Oettinger  is  a  successful  man,  and  deserves 
great  credit  for  what  he  has  accomplished.  When  he  was  about  foiar 
years  of  age  he  was  run  over  by  a  sleigh,  and  as  a  result  of  the 
injur}'^  one  of  his  legs  had  to  be  taken  off  near  the  hip,  so  that  he  has 
been  a  cripple  practically  all  his  life,  but  is  wonderfully  active,  and 
though  he  has  been  in  consequence  set  out  from  many  lines  of  em- 
ployment, he  has  perhaps  been  all  the  more  valuable  as  a  factor  in 
his  chosen  vocation. 

Mr.  Oettinger  was  tirst  elected  registrar  of  deeds  of  Forest  county 
in  the  fall  of  1908,  taking  office  the  first  Monday  of  January  of  the 
following  year.  He  was  reelected  in  1910,  and  again  in  1912,  each 
time  on  the  Republican  ticket.  Prior  to  taking  the  office  of  registrar 
of  deeds  he  was  a  resident  of  Laona,  and  served  as  the  first  town 
clerk  of  that  town.  He  held  the  office  of  town  clerk  from  the  organi- 
zation  of  the   to-^^Ti   government   in   1902   until  elected   to  his   present 


1464  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

oflRce.  Mr.  Oettinger  has  been  a  resident  of  Forest  county  since 
February  28,  1901,  at  which  time  he  located  at  Laona,  in  the  eastern 
part  of  the  county,  and  engaged  in  the  insurance  business. 

Andrew  Oettinger  was  born  at  Menasha,  Wisconsin,  January  24, 
1865,  a  son  of  Adam  and  Catherine  (Sensenbrenner)  Oettinger.  His 
parents,  who  were  married  in  Wisconsin,  were  natives  of  Germany, 
the  father  born  at  Baden,  and  coming  to  America  at  the  age  of  nine- 
teen first  settling  near  Philadelphia,  where  he  was  employed  for  two 
years,  and  then  to  Sheboygan  Falls,  Wisconsin,  where  he  was  mar- 
ried. The  mother  was  born  in  Alsace-Lorraine,  a  border  province 
between  France  and  Germany.  From  Sheboygan  Falls  the  family 
moved  to  Appleton,  and  soon  after  to  Menasha.  When  Andrew  was 
eleven  years  old  his  parents  moved  to  Wood  county,  twenty-four 
miles  north  of  Stevens  Point.  The  father  died  in  1907  at  Stratford 
in  Marathon  county.    The  mother  is  now  living  at  Laona. 

From  the  age  of  eleven  until  he  was  twenty-six,  Mr.  Oettinger 
lived  on  the  home  farm  in  Wood  county.  In  the  fall  of  1890  he  Avas 
elected  registrar  of  deeds  of  Wood  county,  and  held  that  office  for 
two  terms  from  1891  to  1895.  He  early  developed  a  skill  in  the 
handling  of  tools,  and  after  leaving  the  office  of  registrar  of  deeds 
in  Wood  county,  he  moved  to  Mattoon,  Wisconsin,  where  he  was 
sav>--filer  in  a  shingle  mill  for  a  year  and  a  half.  After  that  one 
summer  was  spent  as  a  filer  in  a  shingle  mill  thirty  miles  from 
Seattle,  Washington.  On  his  return  from  the  west  he  located  at 
Laona  in  Forest  county. 

On  January  7,  1891,  Mr.  Oettinger  married  JMiss  Amalia  Durst, 
who  was  born  in  Manitowoc  county,  Wisconsin,  a  daughter  of  Martin 
and  Ernestine  (Stahl)  Durst.  Her  mother  is  dead,  while  her  father 
lives  in  Wood  county.  Mrs.  Oettinger  was  reared  in  Wood  county, 
her  family  having  moved  there  from  ManitoAvoc  county  when  she 
was  a  child.  The  family  of  Andrew  Oettinger  and  wife  contained  six 
children :  Andrew  F.,  Helen,  Arthur  H.,  Earl,  Theodore  Joseph,  and 
Henry  J. 

Mr.  Oettinger  has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  affairs  of  the  Catholic 
church,  belonging  to  the  St.  Joseph's  congregation  at  Crandon  and 
being  secretary  of  the  parish.  He  is  also  affiliated  with  Appleton 
Branch  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus. 

William  A.  Draves.  A  founder  and  developer  of  Milwaukee's 
industrialism  was  the  late  William  A.  Draves,  who  had  resided  in  Mil- 
waukee since  the  late  sixties,  and  for  more  than  thirty  years  was  a 
prominent  and  influential  factor  in  business  affairs. 

William  A.  Draves,  who  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  vice  president 
of  the  Northwestern  IMalleable  Iron  Works,  was  born  in  1849  at  Wiet- 
stock.  Germany,  and  received  his  early  education  in  his  native  land. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  146& 

On  July  3,  1869,  he  arrived  with  the  family  of  his  parents  at  Milwau- 
kee, being  then  twenty  years  of  age.  He  began  his  career  as  a  worker  in 
several  different  factories  and  eventually  became  foreman  in  the  Wis- 
consin Malleable  Iron  Works  at  Bay  View.  About  1883  he  and  Fred- 
erick W.  Sivyer  established  the  Northwestern  Malleable  Iron  Works, 
and  for  twenty-three  years  he  was  associated  with  the  development  and 
with  the  success  of  that  industry.  Mr.  Draves  served  as  vice  president 
of  the  company  and  gave  his  chief  attention  to  the  operation  of  the 
plant  until  his  death,  which  occurred  March  14,  1906.  ]\Ir.  Draves  was 
also  a  stockholder  in  the  Federal  Malleable  Iron  Company  and  was 
secretary  of  the  Chain  Belt  Company.  He  had  property  interests  in 
West  AUis. 

The  late  Mr.  Draves  was  well  known  in  Masonry,  having  attained 
thirty-two  degrees  of  the  Scottish  Rite.  The  maiden  name  of  his  wife 
was  Emelie  Sehilke,  whose  death  occurred  in  December,  1907.  Their 
children  were  three  sons  and  two  daughters,  namely,  William  A.,  now 
assistant  superintendent  of  the  Northwestern  Malleable  Iron  Works; 
Henry  Charles,  who  is  connected  with  the  Free  Press  of  Milwaukee; 
Albert  W.,  who  is  a  cadet  at  West  Point  Military  Academy;  Minnie  T., 
who  resides  at  the  old  home ;  and  Caroline  M. 

Dr.  M.  a.  Flatley.  Another  of  the  successful  and  promising  young 
medical  men  of  Antigo  who  are  winning  through  to  prosperity  and 
position  in  the  medical  profession  is  Dr.  M.  A.  Flatley,  who  has  been 
engaged  in  practice  in  Antigo  since  1903,  in  which  year  he  was  grad- 
uated from  the  medical  department  of  Marquette  College,  in  Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin.  He  finished  his  senior  year  of  study  with  an 
eight  months'  service  as  interne  at  Trinity  Hospital  in  Milwaukee, 
after  which  he  came  direct  to  Antigo,  and  here  has  since  continued  in 
comparative  success  and  prosperity. 

Dr.  Flatley  was  born  at  Calumet  county,  Wisconsin,  on  August  20, 
1877,  and  is  a  son  of  John  and  Mary  (Dockery)  Flatley.  The  father 
yet  lives  in  Green  Bay,  retired  fi-om  active  life,  and  the  mother  is 
deceased.  John  Flatley,  now  a  man  in  his  eighties,  came  first  to 
Wisconsin  in  the  early  forties.  He  took  up  land  in  Calumet  county 
and  for  many  years  was  devoted  to  farm  life  in  that  county.  Dr. 
Flatley  was  reared  on  the  farm  home  up  to  the  age  of  fifteen,  when 
the  family  moved  to  Green  Bay,  and  there  he  attended  the  schools  of 
that  city,  later  entei-ing  the  Oshkosh  Normal.  His  first  independent 
work  was  at  Rhinelander  in  the  capacity  of  a  teacher,  and  after  a 
year  in  that  work  he  took  up  the  study  of  medicine,  his  college  train- 
ing being  already  mentioned  in  detail  in  a  previous  paragraph.  Dr. 
Flatley  has  done  well  with  his  talents  and  his  opportunities  thus  far, 
and  bids  fair  to  make  a  lasting  name  for  himself  in  his  profession. 

In  1906  Dr.  Flatley  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Eugenia 


1466  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Shea,    of  Ashland,    and   they   have   two    childi-en — Marie,    aged   five 
years,  and  William,  now  two  years  old. 

Dr.  Flatley  is  a  member  of  the  Langlade  County  ]\Iedieal  Society, 
the  Wisconsin  State  Medical  Society,  and  the  American  Medical  Asso- 
ciation. He  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  as  is  his  wife, 
and  he  is  also  identified  with  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  and  has  fra- 
ternal affiliations  with  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He 
and  his  wife  participate  in  the  leading  social  activities  of  Antigo,  and 
have  a  host  of  excellent  friends  in  the  city  and  county. 

John  Oelhapen.  A  grateful  remembrance  dwells  in  the  minds  of 
all  later  comers  for  the  ' '  father  of  a  town. ' '  With  the  receding  fron- 
tier and  the  disappearance  of  the  wilderness,  the  pioneers  and  the 
founders  of  towns  are  also  passing.  One  of  the  fine  old  characters 
of  northern  Wisconsin,  who  belongs  in  this  class  is  John  Oelhafen, 
affectionately  spoken  of  by  local  residents  as  the  "Father  of  Toma- 
hawk." It  was  his  distinction  to  have  erected  the  first  house  and 
established  the  first  store  on  that  site  in  1887,  and  through  the  subse- 
quent quarter  century  he  has  continued  to  be  the  first  merchant  in 
importance,  as  he  was  in  time.  He  has  also  been  prominent  in  the 
lumber  industry  in  this  locality.  Mr.  Oelhafen  came  to  Tomahawk 
from  Wausau,  where  had  been  his  home  for  fifteen  years  previously. 

A  native  of  Germany,  John  Oelhafen  was  born  January  22,  1836,  a 
son  of  Andrew  and  Elizabeth  (Beck)  Oelhafen.  When  John  was 
eight  or  nine  years  of  age,  his  parents  emigrated  to  America  and  his 
father  bought  a  quarter  section  of  land  from  the  government  in  Wash- 
ington county,  Wisconsin.  Wisconsin  was  still  a  territory,  and  thus 
the  Oelhafen  family  has  been  identified  with  Wisconsin  since  the 
pioneer  days.  The  mother  died  on  the  farm  just  mentioned  and  after- 
wards the  father  sold  out  his  possessions  and  moved  to  Milwaukee,  in 
which  city  his  death  occurred. 

On  the  farm  in  Washington  county,  John  Oelhafen  grew  to  man- 
hood, and  acquired  the  industrious  habits  which  so  well  fitted  him 
for  his  later .  career.  He  received  a  practical  education  in  the  local 
schools,  although  his  education  was  limited  to  the  fundamentals.  At 
the  age  of  twenty-seven  he  married  Annie  Sophia  Miller,  also  a  native 
of  Germany.  They  are  the  parents  of  six  children,  named  as  follows : 
Elizabeth  is  the  wife  of  August  Gastrow  of  Tomahawk;  Andrew; 
John  W ;  Mary  is  the  wife  of  George  Pfeifer,  of  Warsaw ;  Annie  is  the 
wife  of  Ed.  Seim  of  Wausaw;  and  William.  All  the  sons  are  asso- 
ciated with  the  father  in  the  mercantile  business  at  Tomahawk. 

While  John  Oelhafen  was  a  young  man  he  moved  to  Milwaukee, 
where  he  had  his  first  experience  m  business  life,  establishing  a  grocery 
store  there,  and  continuing  in  business  until  his  removal  to  Wausaw. 
At  Wausaw  he   engaged  in  merchandising,   and  prospered   and   ex- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1467 

tended,  his  trade  over  a  large  district  during  tlie  fifteen  years  of  his 
residence.  In  the  meantime  he  had  become  interested  in  the  land  and 
timber  business  of  Northern  Wisconsin,  and  was  a  practical  worker, 
skilled  in  all  the  details  of  the  lumber  industry  as  carried  on  in  the  old 
days.  Each  season  he  ran  large  quantities  of  logs  down  the  river 
before  the  first  railroad  was  put  through.  Then  moving  to  the  new 
town  site  of  Tomahawk,  he  put  up  the  first  general  store,  and  has 
kept  in  advance  with  the  growth  of  the  town  and  the  surrounding 
country,  by  improving  and  extending  his  business  from  year  to  year. 
He  also  has  large  interests  in  land  and  timber,  owning  a  fine  farm  of 
eight  hundred  acres,  three  miles  northwest  of  Tomahawk.  This  land 
is  improved  up  to  the  best  standard,  having  a  fine  barn,  residence, 
machine  shed,  fine  farm  equipment,  and  with  about  sixty  head  of 
cattle,  many  hogs  and  other  livestock.  In  northern  Wisconsin  he 
also  owns  a  delightful  summer  home.  His  possessions  include  many 
thousand  acres  of  timber  land,  all  over  the  northern  part  of  the  state, 
and  also  much  land  in  South  Dakota.  At  Tomahawk  he  is  proprietor 
of  the  sawmill  known  as  the  Oelhafen  Number  1  ]\Iill.  and  operates 
four  or  five  different  logging  camps  throughout  the  state.  By  his 
fellow-citizens,  John  Oelhafen  is  estimated  a  millionaire.  He  started 
in  life  without  any  more  capital  than  the  average  farmer  boy  possesses, 
and  has  made  his  fortune  entirely  as  a  result  of  straightforward  deal- 
ings, and  a  persistent  application  of  the  energies  of  his  nature  to  the 
work  in  hand.  Mr.  Oelhafen  is  a  director  in  the  Bradley  State  Bank 
of  Tomahawk.  Religiously  he  is  a  member  of  the  German  Lutheran 
church. 

M.  C.  Hyman.  Known  all  over  Lincoln  county  as  Charlie  Hyman, 
this  pioneer  resident  of  Tomahawk  is  one  of  the  most  popular  men  in 
this  section  of  Wisconsin.  A  German  by  birth,  he  came  to  America 
when  a  boy  and  on  his  own  resources  entered  into  a  career  of  competi- 
tion with  strangers  in  a  strange  world,  and  fought  his  battle  with 
success.  He  has  been  a  resident  of  Wisconsin  for  thirty-seven  years, 
and  came  to  Tomahawk  in  1887,  the  year  in  which  the  town  was 
platted  and  laid  out.  In  the  same  year  he  built  the  Hyman  building, 
a  two-story  brick  structure  which  is  still  one  of  the  best  business 
blocks  in  the  city.  During  twenty-six  years  of  residence  in  Toma- 
hawk, Mr.  Hyman  has  served  eighteen  years  in  some  public  office, 
filling  every  public  place  with  credit  and  usefulness  to  his  community. 
For  eight  years  he  was  mayor,  for  nine  years  he  Avas  on  the  county 
board  of  supervisors  and  has  also  served  as  alderman.  At  the  present 
time  he  is  a  member  of  the  Park  Commission. 

M.  C.  Hyman  was  born  in  Germany,  November  26,  1860,  a  son  of 
Isaac  and  Sarah  Hyman.  His  father  is  now  living  in  the  Fatherland 
at  the  advanced  age  of  seventy-eight.     The  mother  has  been  dead  for 


1468  HI8T0RY  OF  ^YISCOXSTN 

many  years.  Reared  in  Germany  until  he  was  fifteen  years  old,  Mr. 
Hyman  in  1876  set  out  for  America,  and  first  came  to  halt  in  Chicago, 
where  he  was  employed  in  a  store  for  one  year.  With  a  fair  command 
of  the  English  language,  and  with  confidence  in  his  own  ability,  he 
then  came  to  Wisconsin,  and  began  peddling  jewelry  and  watches  all 
over  the  state,  chiefly  among  the  lumber  camps  of  northern  Wisconsin. 
He  spent  four  years  in  that  work  and  during  that  time  visited  every 
county  in  the  state,  and  all  the  lumber  camps,  and  by  his  genial  char- 
acter and  square  dealing  made  friends  wherever  he  went. 

In  1882  Mr.  Hyman  located  at  Merrill,  and  has  ever  since  been  a 
loyal  and  enthusiastic  citizen  of  Lincoln  county.  At  Merrill  he  estab- 
lished a  wholesale  and  retail  liquor  business,  and  then  in  1887  moved 
to  the  new  town  of  Tomahawk,  w'here  he  has  conducted  a  wholesale 
liquor  business.  He  is  also  extensively  interested  in  real  estate  trans- 
actions, buying  and  selling  both  town  and  farm  property. 

Mr.  Hyman  is  a  stockholder  in  the  Tomahawk  Stave  and  Heading 
Company.  His  chief  interest  is  real  estate  at  the  present  time.  Mr. 
Hyman  is  well  knowai  throughout  northern  Wisconsin,  is  a  good  Demo- 
crat, and  has  been  a  leading  public  spirited  citizen  of  Lincoln  county 
since  the  early  days.  That  Tomahaw^k  has  an  excellent  library  is 
largely  due  to  Mr.  Hyman  who  bought  a  great  many  valuable  books 
which  he  donated  to  the  collection,  and  in  this  as  in  everything  else 
is  always  seeking  means  of  benefiting  his  community.  He  has  served 
as  mayor  of  Tomahawk  for  six  years  and  it  is  the  opinion  of  local 
citizens  that  there  is  lio  honor  which  he  could  not  obtain  from  their 
hands  if  he  desired  it. 

The  Right  Reverend  Jackson  Kemper.  In  writing  the  story  of 
the  life  of  Jackson  Kemper,  the  first  missionary  bishop  of  the  Epis- 
copal Church  in  America,  the  story  of  the  founding  of  the  Church 
in  the  great  middle  west  must  be  given.  In  a  sketch  like  this  which 
calls  for  brevity,  much  that  is  most  interesting  in  the  history  of  this 
remarkable  man  must  be  omitted,  for  his  life  was  full  to  the  brim 
of  work  for  his  church  and  for  humanity.  No  one  man  in  the  church 
since  the  time  of  her  foundation  in  America  has  done  as  much  for 
her  growth  and  expansion  as  did  Bishop  Kemper,  and  to  him  must 
the  gratitude  of  the  people  of  the  middle  west  ever  go.  Just  to 
realize  that  he  organized  six  dioceses,  consecrated  nearly  one  hundred 
churches,  ordained  over  two  hundred  priests  and  deacons,  and  con- 
firmed nearly  ten  thousand  souls,  all  in  a  period  when  the  section  of 
the  country  Avherein  he  labored  was  still  the  frontier,  gives  one  some 
idea  of  the  great  amount  of  work  accomplished  by  this  man. 

In  the  little  town  of  Caub,  on  the  river  Rhine,  in  Germany,  there 
was  born,  in  1706,  to  an  army  officer  named  Kemper,  a  son  whom  he 
called  Jacob,  who  was  to  become  the  grandfather  of  our  bishop.     As 


^^Ae^>^6^ii'«^^^     -^'^c^^^xt..^^^^-^,-^ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1469 

Jacob  Kemper  grew  in  years,  he  became  possessed  with  the  desire  to  own 
land,  for  he  lived  in  a  country  not  long  exempt  from  the  feudal  rule, 
therefore  he  emigrated  to  America,  and  there  with  his  wife,  who  was 
the  daughter  of  a  Calvinistic  minister,  settled  on  a  farm  in  Dutchess 
county  on  the  Hudson  river.  His  farm  was  a  small  one,  not  at  all 
his  ideal  of  what  a  great  landed  proj^rietor  should  own,  so  in  1754 
he  removed  to  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey,  and  there  bought  an 
extensive  property.  Here  his  eldest  son,  Daniel,  was  born,  and  he 
became  prosperous  until  the  outbreak  of  the  Seven  Years'  War 
brought  on  financial  difficulties  that  caused  him  to  move  to  New 
York  in  1759,  the  year  that  his  youngest  daughter,  Susan,  was  born. 
After  removing  to  New  York  fortune  once  more  smiled  on  him  and 
he  was  again  successful  in  his  business  affairs. 

His  son,  Daniel,  received  a  good  education  at  King's  College,  in 
New  York,  for  he  proved  to  be  a  youth  of  unusual  mental  ability,  and 
at  the  age  of  twenty-tAvo  he  was  married.  Shortly  after  came  the 
outbreak  of  the  American  Revolution,  and  he  threw  himself  into  the 
cause  of  the  colonies,  not  only  giving  his  personal  services  as  a 
colonel  but  also  his  whole  fortune  to  the  cause.  He  was  made  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Cincinnati  immediately  upon  its  foundation.  He  lost  his 
wife  at  the  close  of  the  war,  but  married  again,  and  married  a  woman 
who  was  not  only  capable  of  caring  for  his  six  young  children,  but 
was  also  an  excellent  manager  and  did  much  to  put  Colonel  Kemper 
upon  a  firmer  financial  basis.  He  removed  to  a  farm  in  Dutchess 
county,  not  far  from  Poughkeepsie,  called  Pleasant  Valley,  and  there 
on  Christmas  Eve,  1789,  the  third  child  of  his  second  marriage,  Jack- 
son Kemper  was  born.  Shortly  afterward,  through  his  old  friend 
President  Washington,  Colonel  Kemper  received  an  appointment  to 
the  Custom  House  in  New  York,  and  thither  removed  his  family.  Mrs. 
Kemper  had  been  a  member  of  the  Dutch  Reformed  communion,  but 
at  the  time  of  her  marriage  both  she  and  her  husband  became  mem- 
bers of  the  Episcopal  church.  Owing  to  this  and  to  the  fact  that  his 
father's  sister  Susan  had  married  Dr.  David  Jackson,  of  Philadelphia, 
where  she  was  a  prominent  figure  in  the  social  life  of  the  nation's 
capital,  the  child  was  baptized  under  the  name  of  David  Jackson,  by 
the  assistant  minister  of  Trinity  parish,  Dr.  Benjamin  Moore.  Jacob 
Kemper  died  in  1794,  at  the  age  of  eighty-eight  years,  living  just  long 
enough  to  be  remembered  by  his  young  grandson. 

Little  David  Jackson  Kemper  grew  up  surrounded  by  all  the 
comforts  of  a  home  of  wealth,  at  least  for  that  period.  The  house 
was  beautifully  furnished  and  the  library  gave  him  many  hours  of 
delight.  His  mother  was  deeply  religious  and  the  whole  family  at- 
tended both  morning  and  evening  prayer  every  Sunday  at  St.  Paul's 
Chapel,  thus  early  introducing  him  to  the  services  of  the  church.  At 
the  age  of  twelve,  he  was  sent  to  the  Episcopal  Academy,  at  Cheshire, 


1470  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Connecticut,  but  the  school,  which  was  evidently  regarded  as  a  house 
of  correction  by  many  parents,  made  the  boy  very  unhappy,  and  in 
1804  his  father  allowed  him  to  return  home,  and  he  was  placed  under 
the  tutelage  of  the  Rev.  Edmund  Barry.  In  a  year  he  was  prepared 
for  college  and  entered  Columbia  College,  under  the  presidency  of 
Bishop  Moore.  He  became  intensel}^  absorbed  in  his  studies  and  at 
the  end  of  his  Sophomore  year,  his  health  was  in  such  a  bad  condi- 
tion that  he  was  sent  on  a  vacation  tour  through  Pennsj'lvania  and 
New  Jersey.  Meanwhile  his  elder  brother  Daniel,  to  whom  his  father 
was  passionately  devoted,  a  wild,  reckless  young  fellow,  had  become 
interested  in  a  mad  filibustering  expedition  in  the  Caribbean  Sea. 
His  father  had  ruined  himself,  financially,  in  paying  the  debts  of  his 
wayward  son,  and  now  the  expedition  had  come  to  a  tragic  end,  the 
son  was  captured  and  put  to  death,  and  the  father  was  completely 
crushed,  broken  in  health,  and  with  his  fortune  lost.  It  was  very 
doubtful  whether  Jackson  could  finish  his  college  course  but  it  was 
managed  and  he  Avas  graduated,  valedictorian  of  his  class,  in  August, 
1809. 

"All  of  his  best  friends  had  long  divined  his  fitness  for  the  min- 
istry. The  sweetness  and  evenness  of  his  temper,  the  harmony  of  his 
talents,  his  unsullied  purity  of  character  and  motive,  and  the  unbroken 
course,  from  boyhood,  of  his  Christian  nurture  had  already  set  him 
apart,  in  their  estimation."  He  hesitated  for  a  time,  fearing  his 
unfitness,  but  at  last  his  scruples  quieted  he  began  preparation  under 
the  direction  of  Bishop  Moore  and  Doctor  Hobart.  He  was  ordained 
on  the  11th  of  IMarch,  the  second  Sunday  in  Lent,  1811,  to  the 
diaconate,  by  Bishop  William  White,  in  St.  Peter's  church,  Phila- 
delphia, his  beloved  friend,  Bishop  Moore,  being  too  ill  to  perform 
the  ordination. 

Now  begins  the  long  period  of  his  ministry.  He  preached  his  first 
sermon  in  St.  James  church  on  the  afternoon  of  ordination,  and  on 
the  following  Tuesday  he  was  called  by  the  united  parishes  of  Phila- 
delphia to  an  assistaney.  He  had,  however,  a  number  of  engagements 
in  New  York  and  before  these  were  filled,  the  resignation  of  Dr. 
Blackwell,  senior  assistant  to  Bishop  White,  left  a  vacancy,  which 
Mr.  Kemper  was  unanimously  elected  to  fill.  Accepting  this  call  he 
arrived  in  June,  1811,  to  take  up  his  work.  The  society  of  Philadel- 
phia was  at  this  time  the  most  cultured  in  the  land,  for  Philadelphia 
was  the  largest  and  most  cosmopolitan  city.  At  the  time  of  his 
arrival,  the  communicants  of  the  three  parishes  that  he  served  num- 
bered two  hundred,  and  during  this  year  the  baptisms  amounted  to 
that  number.  When  he  could  find  an  opportunity  he  went  over  to 
Germantown  and  there  held  services,  there  being  no  church  there. 
He  was  appointed  secretary  of  the  diocesan  convention  at  the  first 
meeting  he  attended  and  he  was  reappointed  from,  time  to  time  until 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1471 

1817.  He  was  one  of  the  active  organizers  in  the  formation,  in  the 
spring  of  1812,  of  the  Society  for  the  Advancement  of  Christianity  in 
Pennsylvania,  and  was  appointed  its  first  missionary.  He  started  out 
in  August  and  drove  all  over  the  state,  from  Lancaster  to  York,  down 
to  Huntington,  to  Pittsburgh,  southward  to  Charleston ;  everywhere 
finding  'members  of  his  church,  who  were  gradually  forgetting  the 
ritual  and  even  their  creed  through  lack  of  use  and  the  absence  of 
clergy.  He  heard  also  that  probabl}^  half  of  the  settlers  of  Ohio, 
Kentucky  and  Tennessee  had  been  Episcopalians,  and  he  came  back 
to  Philadelphia,  glowing  with  enthusiasm  for  the  great  work  to  be 
accomplished  beyond  the  Alleghanies. 

The  young  minister  now  gave  mUch  of  his  time  to  study,  to 
Hebrew  and  theology.  He  was  not  great  intellectually,  not  a  great 
thinker  or  eloquent  preacher.  His  sermons  were,  however,  of  the 
deepest  sincerity  and  his  simplicity  gave  him  a  powerful  influence. 
He  thoroughly  enjoyed  the  pastoral  side  of  his  work,  and  his  kind- 
ness and  tenderness  caused  him  to  be  deeply  loved  by  his  people.  He 
did  not  care  for  poetry  or  the  drama,  caring  little  for  Shakespeare, 
abhorring  Byron,  but  was  devoted  to  the  reading  of  history  and  such 
romances  as  Scott's.  He  was  a  Federal  in  politics,  and  disliked 
Thomas  Jefferson  above  all  men.  Perhaps  his  most  charming  charac- 
teristic was  a  delightful  sense  of  humor  and  a  boyish  light  hearted- 
ness  and  zest  for  living  that  he  never  lost.  He  was  ever  a  lover  of 
nature  in  all  her  moods,  and  indeed  of  beauty  in  most  forms. 

His  work  in  Philadeli^hia  was  showing  strongly,  for  in  the  two 
years  that  he  had  labored  there  an  increase  of  fifty  per  cent  in  the 
communicant  roll  had  occurred.  He  Avas  now  placed  upon  the  stand- 
ing committee  of  the  diocese,  a  post  in  which  he  served  for  many 
years.  He  had  now  been  a  deacon  for  three  years,  and  in  Christ 
church,  on  the  23rd  of  January,  the  third  Sunday  after  the  Epiphany, 
in  1814,  he  was  ordained  to  the  priesthood.  His  health  was  not  very 
good  at  this  time  and  it  was  decided  that  it  was  best  for  him  to  go 
out  on  another  missionary  journey.  He  set  forth  in  August,  riding 
a  horse  this  time,  and  after  revisiting  Pittsburgh  crossed  the  state 
line,  and  penetrated  into  the  northeastern  corner  of  Ohio,  known  as 
the  Connecticut  Reserve.  Here  he  spent  a  good  part  of  the  autumn, 
encountering  conditions  which  he  himself  describes:  "In  the  same 
place  which  serves  as  kitchen,  drawing-room  and  parlor  I  have  slept 
at  night.  For  a  month  I  was  traveling  through  a  country  nearly 
inundated  by  rain;  the  people  were  poor;  the  accommodations  bad: 
sometimes  I  was  benighted  and  sometimes  exposed  to  dangers."  The 
people  were  highly  intelligent  however,  and  he  found  many  church 
people  scattered  through  the  land.  He  helped  to  form  several  con- 
gregations, and  returned  to  Philadelphia  in  December,  eager  to  east 
his  lot  with  the  west.    He  now  became  interested  in  the  eldest  daugh- 


1472  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

ter  of  General  AVilliam  Lyman,  tlie  late  special  consul  to  London,  and 
in  1816  they  were  married,  an  ideal  marriage,  but  one  destined  to  be 
shortly  broken  by  her  death  after  two  years.  After  three  years,  in. 
1821,  he  was  again  married,  this  time  to  Miss  Ann  Relf,  of  a  wealthy 
Philadelphia  family.  They  went  to  housekeeping  in  a  house  on  Fifth 
street,  near  Spruce,  and  here  their  children  were  born ;  the  eldest,  a 
daughter,  Elizabeth  Marius,  in  1824,  and  the  boys  Samuel  and  Lewis 
in  1827  and  1829,  respectively.  During  these  years  he  was  extremely 
busy  in  diocesan  work,  serving  as  a  trustee  of  the  General  Seminary 
and  as  a  manager  of  the  new  Domestic  and  Foreign  Missionary  So- 
ciety, as  well  as  upon  many  committees. 

Now  came  a  period  in  the  church  life  of  the  state  that  caused  him 
much  sorrow;  party  feeling  became  rampant,  and  the  diocese  was 
torn  between  conflicting  parties.  The  extra  or  dinarj^;  interest  in  his 
preaching  and  his  unprecedented  popularity  were  on  the  wane, 
though  personalh'  he  was  as  much  beloved  as  ever,  for  there  were 
many  younger  and  more  impassioned  preachers  now  coming  forward 
as  priests,  and  therefore  he  felt  that  it  were  better  to  make  a  change. 
In  1831  Bishop  Brownell  of  Connecticut  had  him  called  to  St.  Paul's 
in  Norwalk,  one  of  the  four  most  important  parishes  in  the  diocese, 
and  he  accepted  this  call.  He  immediately  became  a  powerful  figure 
in  the  church  life  of  Connecticut,  being  placed  upon  the  standing 
committee  of  the  diocese ;  at  the  next  meeting  serving  as  secretary 
and  was  elected  diocesan  trustee  of  the  General  Seminary.  In  his 
own  parish  there  was  a  gain  of  fifty  per  cent  in  the  communicant  list 
in  three  years.  Here  in  1832,  his  wife  died  and  was  laid  to  rest  in 
St.  Paul's  churchyard,  leaving  him  three  children,  the  eldest  only 
eight. 

In  1834  he  took  his  most  extended  missionary  journey  up  to  this 
time,  going  in  company  with  James  Milnor  as  far  as  Green  Bay,  Wis- 
consin. In  the  year  1835  Philander  Chase  was  chosen  as  Bishop  of 
Illinois,  a  diocese  which  contained  one  church  building  at  Jackson- 
ville, and  thirty-nine  communicants.  At  this  time  interest  in  the  far 
west  had  so  spread  among  the  eastern  churches  that  Bishop  Brownell 
visited  the  section  and  the  result  of  the  visit  was  that  Kemper  who 
had  for  so  long  been  deeply  interested  in  the  work  in  this  field  was 
raised  to  the  highest  office  of  the  church.  The  death  of  his  wife  left 
him  free  to  take  up  the  arduous  labors  of  his  immense  field  and  he 
was  no  longer  burdened  with  the  care  of  his  parents,  so  on  the  25th 
of  September,  1835,  in  St.  Peter's,  Philadelphia,  he  Avas  consecrated 
first  missionary  bishop  of  the  American  church,  by  his  old  diocesan 
and  friend,  Bishop  White,  assisted  by  Bishops  Channing  Moore, 
Philander  Chase,  both  the  Onderdonks,  Bosworth  Smith  and  Doane. 

And  now  begins  the  third  period  in  the  life  of  this  great  man,  the 
episcopate.     Shortly  after  his  consecration  he  set  forth  for  his  new 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1473 

diocese  of  Missouri  and  Indiana.  Some  description  of  the  country 
he  was  to  work  in  should  be  given,  and  it  can  be  best  given  in  the 
words  of  Dr.  White,  Avho  has  written  such  a  splendid  history  of 
Bishop  Kemper's  life.  He  says:  "Those  territories  had  been  ad- 
mitted to  the  Union  as  states  in  the  years  1816  and  1818  respectively. 
Up  to  that  period  the  larger  portion  of  them  still  owned  the  sway 
of  primeval  nature ;  simplest  frontier  conditions  prevailed ;  there  was 
a  mere  fringe  of  settlement  upon  their  southern  bound,  along  the 
bank  of  the  Ohio  river;  the  bison  still  roamed  over  their  grassy  north- 
ern savannahs,  and  in  the  woods  wolves,  wildcat,  deer  and  foxes  mul- 
tiplied. The  settlers  had  tO  confront  the  red  man  at  every  turn; 
even  as  late  as  1832  they  were  stricken  with  panic  at  the  raid  of 
Black  Hawk.  The  conflicts  tended  to  intensify  the  vigilant,  militant 
spirit,  sufficiently  pronounced  from  the  first,  of  the  hardy  pioneers, 
picked  men  of  their  kind.  An  ardent  individualism  was  the  note  of 
the  hour,  whether  in  religion  or  i^olitics,  economic  or  social  life. 
Every  clearing  in  the  forest  was  an  independent  principality,  pro- 
ducing pretty  nearly  everything  that  was  consumed  upon  it.  It  was 
the  log  cabin  age.  All  manner  of  bilious  attacks,  pleurisy,  fever  and 
ague,  were  the  plagues  of  those  raw  clearings;  the  plague  of  ague 
was  accompanied  by  the  plague  of  whiskey. 

"About  one  such  lonesome  spot  amid  the  wet  forest  the  following 
veracious  conversation  between  a  settler  and  an  inquiring  stranger 
is  reported  to  have  taken  place.  'What's  your  place  called?' 
'Moggs!'  'What  sort  of  land  thereabouts?'  'Bogs.'  'What's  the 
climate?'  'Fogs.'  'What's  your  name?'  'Scroggs.'  'What's  your 
house  built  of?'  'Logs.'  'What  do  you  eat?'  'Hogs.'  'Have  you 
any  neighbors?'  'Frogs.'  'Gracious!  Haven't  you  any  comforts?' 
'Grog.'  " 

Conditions  after  the  Black  Hawk  insurrection  was  suppressed  in 
1832,  began  to  improve,  a  better  class  of  immigrants  came  in  and  the 
development  of  the  great  middle  west  was  really  begun.  Bishop 
Kemper  arrived  in  Indiana  in  November,  1835,  and  in  the  whole  state 
found  only  one  missionary  of  the  Episcopal  communion,  located  at 
the  capital,  but  in  the  whole  state  there  was  not  one  church.  Jour- 
neying through  the  state  the  bishop  at  last  arrived  in  St.  Louis,  Mis- 
souri, in  December.  Here  he  found  an  organized  parish  and  church 
building,  but  no  clergyman,  in  fact  there  were  none  in  the  whole 
state.  After  spending  the  winter  in  Illinois,  where  he  consecrated 
the  church  in  Jacksonville  and  organized  a  parish  at  Alton,  he  crossed 
the  Mississippi  into  Iowa  and  as  a  result,  Dubuque  became  a  site  for 
a  mission. 

Shortly  afterward  he  made  a  journey  to  the  east,  where  he  took 
part  in  the  first  consecration  of  a  bishop,  that  of  Samuel  Allen 
McCoskry,   who   was   consecrated   the   first   bishop   of   Michigan.     On 


1474  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

this  journey,  Bishop  Kemper's  object  was  to  plead  for  men  as  mis- 
sionaries and  for  the  means  to  sustain  them  and  to  start  a  church  col- 
lege west  of  the  Mississippi  river.  He  was  unsuccessful  at  first  but 
at  last  the  tide  turned  and  within  twenty  days  he  secured  twenty 
thousand  dollars.  In  November  of  1836  he  was  back  again  in  St. 
Louis  and  in  January,  1837,  an  act  incorporating  Kemper  College  was 
passed  by  the  Missouri  legislature.  The  name  was  given  to  the  new 
institution  without  his  knowledge,  he  having  chosen  the  title  Missouri 
College.  The  crisis  of  1837  now  swept  the  country,  and  affairs  in  the 
church  itself  were  in  a  troubled  condition,  but  the  optimism  of  the 
bishop  remained  firm  through  it  all.  He  had  the  satisfaction  of  lay- 
ing the  cornerstone  for  a  church  at  Crawfordsville  and  of  organizing 
a  parish  in  Indianapolis,  Indiana.  In  the  late  autumn  of  this  year 
he  was  crossing  Missouri  en  route  for  Fort  Leavenworth,  the  most 
important  frontier  post  at  the  urgent  request  of  its  commander, 
Colonel  Kearney.  His  description  of  the  trip  is  interesting.  He 
says,  "Shall  I  tell  you  how  we  were  benighted  and  how  we  lost  our 
way,  of  the  deep  creeks  we  forded  and  the  bad  bridges  we  crossed, — 
how  we  were  drenched  to  the  skin  and  how  we  were  wading  for  half- 
an-hour  in  a  slough,  and  the  accidents  that  arose  from  the  stumbling 
of  our  horses?  But  these  events  were  matters  of  course.  What  a 
proof  of  the  sluggishness  of  our  movements  is  the  fact  that,  so  far  as 
I  can  learn,  I  am  the  first  clergyman  of  our  Church  who  has  preached 
at  Columbia,  Boonville,  Fayette,  Richmond,  Lexington,  Independence 
and  Fort  Leavenworth, — in  a  word  I  have  been  the  pioneer  from  St. 
Charles  up  the  Missouri." 

When  he  returned  to  St.  Louis  hoping  for  a  little  rest  and  the 
opportunity  to  put  the  affairs  of  his  college  in  shape,  he  was  met  with 
an  urgent  request  from  Bishop  Otey  to  accompany  him  on  a  tour  of 
the  southwest.  So  in  January,  1838,  he  started  alone,  Bishop  Otey 
being  ill,  and  going  down  the  river  to  Memphis,  he  began  a  mag- 
nificent tour,  visiting  Natchez,  New  Orleans,  Mobile,  Pensaeola,  and 
on  through  Georgia  and  Alabama,  fijaally  arriving  at  New  Orleans 
again  in  May.  He  had  visited  nearly  all  the  parishes  in  Louisiana, 
Alabama,  Georgia  and  Florida,  in  four  months  time,  confirming  in 
nearly  all  of  them;  he  had  consecrated  eight  churches  and  advanced 
two  deacons  to  the  priesthood;  what  a  remarkable  testimony  of  his 
vitality  and  enthusiasm  for  the  work  to  which  he  had  been  con- 
secrated. 

Upon  his  return  he  again  took  up  the  work  of  his  immense 
bishopric.  Wisconsin  and  Iowa  were  rittw  added  to  his  diocese  and 
in  July,  1838,  he  first  entered  Wisconsin  as  its  bishop.  He  was  pres- 
ently offered  the  bishopric  of  Maryland  and  the  people  of  the  western 
states  were  wild  with  anxiety  lest  he  should  accept,  but  his  heart  was 
in  the  west  and  so  he  refused.    In  1844  came  an  event  that  lessened 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1475 

somewhat  the  vast  territoiy  foi-  which  the  Bishop  was  responsible, 
in  the  ordination  of  Cicero  Stephens  Hawks  as  Bishop  of  Missouri. 
Bishop  Kemper  had  for  some  time  felt  his  interest  centering  more 
and  more  around  Nashotah  and  the  diocese  of  Wisconsin,  and  now 
made  Nashotah,  which  was  the  site  of  the  religious  house  headed  by 
Father  B"raeck,  his  home.  In  November,  1846,  he  for  the  first  time 
since  coming  to  the  west  found  himself  the  possessor  of  a  home,  a 
riistic  homestead  not  far  from  Nashotah.  Here  he  brought  his  daugh- 
ter, now  grown  to  be  a  young  lady,  from  Philadelphia.  His  father 
died  during  this  year  at  the  age  of  ninety-eight  and  his  two  unmarried 
sisters  also  came  to  live  with  him,  and  two  years  later  his  son,  Lewis, 
was  graduated  at  Columbia  College,  and  came  to  study  theolog\'  at 
Nashotah.  Once  again  the  bishop  was  the  center  of  a  family  and  to 
a  man  of  his  domestic  temperament  it  must  have  been  a  great  joy 
to  him. 

A  description  of  the  life  at  Nashotah  and  of  the  growth  of  this 
interesting  community  can  not  be  given  for  lack  of  space,  but  Bishop 
Kemper  was  ever  a  firm  friend  of  Nashotah  House.  It  was  during 
these  days  following  the  Oxford  movement  and  at  the  time  when 
many  members  of  the  church  were  turning  to  Rome,  some  even  of 
those  trained  at  Nashotah,  that  the  soul  of  the  bishop  was  sorely 
tried.  He  was  much  pained  at  the  party  spirit  that  everywhere 
sprang  up  at  this  time  and  the  news  of  John  Henry  Newman's  sub- 
mission to  Rome  was  a  severe  blow.  The  closing  of  Kemper  College 
in  1845  also  was  a  bitter  disappointment  to  him  and  he  could  never 
speak  of  it  afterward  without  tears  in  his  eyes.  The  same  lack  of 
money  that  had  forced  its  abandonment  also  told  severely  upon  the 
bishop's  own  work.  He  was  so  hard  pressed  for  money  that  for  a 
term  of  years  he  could  not  revisit  the  Indian  territory  as  he  so  much 
desired.  He  was  very  desirous  of  making  an  extensive  visitation  in 
Iowa  and  the  Northern  territory  as  he  called  Minnesota,  and  in  1848 
he  laid  the  cornerstone  of  St.  John's  church  in  Dubuque.  Under  his 
active  direction,  the  church  grew  rapidly  in  this  state,  and  at  about 
this  time  in  the  spring  of  1848  he  made  his  first  visit  to  Minnesota, 
going  to  the  little  village  of  St.  Paul,  and  becoming  enthusiastic  over 
the  future  of  this  territory. 

In  1847  the  diocese  of  Wisconsin  had  held  its  primary  conven- 
tion, twenty-one  clergymen  and  representatives  from  seventeen 
parishes  being  in  attendance,  a  splendid  showing  for  the  bishop 's  nine 
years'  work.  The  school  at  Nashotah  was  also  incorporated  during 
this  year,  and  at  the  end  of  this  year  the  bishop  records  the  fact  that 
there  were  about  twenty-five  young  men  preparing  there  for  the  min- 
istry. His  work  for  the  diocese  of  Indiana  had  been  at  all  times 
unceasing,  and  great  was  his  joy  when  on  the  16th  of  December,  1849, 
the  third  Sunday  in  Advent,  he  consecrated  George  Upfold  first  dio- 


1476  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

eesan  bishop  of  Indiana.  How  deeply  beloved  he  was  by  the  people  of 
this  great  state  that  he  had  served  so  faithfully  may  be  seen  by  the 
following  quotation  from  a  writer  of  the  time:  "He  retires  from  that 
scene  of  his  missionary  labors,  with  the  high  consciousness  of  having 
long  willingly  rendered  severe,  self-sacrificing  and  disinterested  serv- 
ices, unrequited,  except  by  honor  and  affection, — followed  by  the  rever- 
ence and  respect,  the  love  and  best  wishes  and  prayers  of  all. ' ' 

Bishop  Kemper  now  turned  with  more  time  at  his  disposal  to  the 
building  up  of  the  church  in  Wisconsin.  Churches  were  built  at  Fond 
du  Lac  and  Manitowoc  and  a  church  college  was  established  at  Racine. 
But  his  eyes  were  ever  turned  Avestward ;  he  saw  so  clearly  the  vision 
of  what  that  great  country  was  to  become.  As  a  rule  he  made  two 
visitations  a  year  to  Iowa  and  Minnesota,  and  his  interest  in  the  mis- 
sion work  that  was  being  done  in  the  latter  territory  among  the  Indians 
was  always  very  deej).  By  1854  he  had  laid  the  corner  stones  of'five 
churches  in  Minnesota,  and  beside  two  army  chaplains  he  had  six 
clergymen  at  work  in  the  territory.  In  Iowa  he  was  even  more  active 
than  in  Minnesota.  In  many  of  the  larger  towns  churches  were  built 
and  the  bishop  must  have  felt  encouraged  as  he  drove  from  place  to 
place  in  an  old  buckboard,  enduring  all  sorts  of  hardships  with  perfect 
quietude.  He  was  so  very  unassuming  that  when  helped  to  "chicken 
fixin's, "  he  would  never  express  a  preference,  so  he  usually  received  a 
leg.  At  last  when  this  happened  toward  the  end  of  one  trip  his  com- 
panion who  was  traveling  over  the  state  with  him  burst  out:  "Do  give 
the  bishop  a  bit  of  breast,  or  we  shall  have  him  running  all  over  the 
prairies;  he's  had  nothing  but  legs  this  whole  journey!" 

The  Rev.  Hugh  Miller  Thompson,  one  of  the  bishop's  deacons,  gives 
the  following  account  of  a  winter  visitation  in  Wisconsin:  "On  Mon^ 
day  I  was  to  take  the  Bishop  to  Baraboo.  The  river  had  frozen  again, 
and  he  was  expected  at  night.  The  thermometer  was  fifteen  degrees 
below  zero.  The  ride  was  seventeen  miles,  most  of  it  along  the  banks 
of  a  frozen  river  and  over  a  bare  prairie,  with  the  wind  blowing  bitterly 
the  wrong  way,  right  in  our  teeth.  We  could  only  get  an  open  buggy ; 
but  the  bishop  was  ready  at  eight  a.  m.  to  face  the  prairie.  He 
preached  twice,  confirmed  twice,  and  administered  the  communion; 
and  having  been  on  his  feet  till  nine  or  ten  at  night,  might  be  called 
pretty  good  for  a  sexagenarian.  We  bundled  'the  buffaloes'  as  best 
we  might,  and  started  and  after  a  '  spicy '  ride,  with  the  icicles  hanging 
round  our  faces,  arrived  in  Baraboo.  .  .  .  The  Bishop  has  an  appoint- 
ment for  to-night  at  Madison,  and  after  seeing  him  in  the  'express'  to 
ride  again  forty  miles  in  this  bitter  weather,  over  the  'bluffs'  and 
preach  in  another  vacant  parish  when  he  has  performed  the  journey,  I 
rode  home  alone,  feeling  that  not  one  of  his  clergy  should  dare  com- 
plain.''   What  an  inspiration  the  bisliop  must  have  been! 

In  1854,  Bishop  Kemper  was  able  to  report  at  the  general  conven- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1477 

tion  that  in  Iowa  there  were  three  consecrated  churches  and  two  more 
nearly  ready  for  consecration,  eleven  clergymen  and  a  call  for  another 
one  in  the  village  of  Des  Moines.  He  asked  in  the  name  of  the 
people  of  the  diocese  that  a  bishop  be  chosen;  Henry  Washington  Lee 
was  thus  selected  and  on  the  18th  of  October,  1854,  was  consecreated, 
first  bishop  of  Iowa.  It  was  the  only  consecration  of  a  diocesan  bishop 
for  any  of  his  missionary  sees  in  which  Bishop  Kemper  had  no  part. 
It  was  during  this  year  that  Bishop  Kemper  was  for  the  second  time 
elected  diocesan  of  Wisconsin,  and  he  now  accepted,  having  previously 
refused,  but  with  the  understanding  that  he  should  not  resign  his  mis- 
sionary jurisdiction. 

From  this  time  until  1859  the  bishop  was  travelling  hither  and  yon, 
working  much  in  Minnesota,  and  visiting  many  times  the  remote  terri- 
tories of  Kansas  and  Nebraska.  His  own  diocese  of  Wisconsin  was 
growing  steadily ;  he  had  penetrated  to  its  northernmost  corner,  Supe- 
rior, and  had  there  established  a  church,  and  he  had  repeatedly  vis- 
ited ]Marquette,  across  the  border  in  Michigan.  In  1859  Bishop  Kemper 
presided  at  a  diocesan  convention  in  Minnesota  to  elect  a  bishop  for 
that  rapidly  growing  state.  Henry  Benjamin  Whipple  was  elected  and 
was  consecrated  in  Richmond,  Virginia,  at  the  time  of  the  general  con- 
vention, in  October,  1859,  by  Bishop  Kemper  and  others.  At  this 
great  meeting,  the  bishop  made  the  following  speech :  "I  now,  with 
deep  emotion  tender  to  the  Church  my  resignation  of  the  office  of  Mis- 
sionary Bishop,  which,  vmsought  for  and  entirely  unexpected,  was 
conferred  upon  me  twenty-four  years  ago.  Blessed  with  health,  and 
cheered  by  the  conviction  of  duty,  I  have  been  enabled  to  travel  at  all 
seasons  through  Indiana,  Missouri,  Wisconsin,  Iowa  and  Minnesota 
and  partly  through  Kansas  and  Nebraska."  He  felt  that  he  was  grow- 
ing old  and  that  a  younger  man  should  be  put  in  his  place.  The  general 
convention  could  do  no  less  than  accept  his  resignation  for  he  had 
indeed  labored  long  and  faithfully.  The  result  of  his  work  was  sum- 
marized by  the  committee  on  domestic  missions  as  follows:  "When 
Bishop  Kemper  was  appointed  Missionary  Bishop,  in  1835,  with  juris- 
diction over  Missouri,  Indiana,  Wisconsin,  and  Iowa,  neither  of  which 
was  an  organized  diocese,  there  Avas  but  one  of  our  clerg.y  and  one 
church  in  Missouri,  one  clergyman  and  one  church  in  Indiana,  and 
neither  church  nor  clergyman  in  Wisconsin  or  Iowa.  Twenty-four 
years  have  passed  awaj^  and  by  God's  blessing  on  the  Church,  he  now 
sees  Missouri  a  Diocese,  with  its  Bishop  and  twenty-seven  clergy ; 
Indiana,  a  Diocese,  with  its  Bishop  and  twenty-five  clergy ;  Iowa  a 
Diocese  with  its  Bishop  and  thirty-one  clergy ;  Minnesota  an  organized 
Diocese,  with  twenty  clergy ;  Kansas  but  just  organized  as  a  Diocese, 
with  ten  clergy  and  the  territory  of  Nebraska,  not  yet  organized  as  a 
Diocese,  with  four  clergy ;  in  all  six  Dioceses,  where  he  began  with 


1478  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

none,  and  one  hundred  and  seventy-two  clergymen  where  he  was  at 
first  sustained  by  only  two." 

And  so  the  old  bishop  went  back  to  his  own  diocese  of  Wiscon- 
sin, there  to  live  the  remainder  of  his  life  in  the  service  of  his  beloved 
people.  The  Civil  war  hurt  him  deeply  and  he  felt  most  keenly  the 
separation  of  the  church  for  the  time  into  two  parts.  In  the  year 
1866,  the  election  of  an  assistant  to  aid  him  in  his  diocesan  work 
was  carried  out,  and  the  choice  fell  upon  William  Edmund  Armitage, 
of  Detroit,  and  he  was  consecrated  by  Bishop  Kemper  and  the  assist- 
ing Bishops  on  the  6th  of  December,  1866.  This  was  the  eleventh 
and  last  consecration  in  which  the  venerable  bishop  took  part.  He 
had  thought  that  the  general  convention  in  1865  would  be  the  last 
that  he  could  attend,  but  he  was  also  able  to  attend  the  one  in  1868, 
and  once  again  revisit  his  old  friends  in  New  York.  In  1869  he  pre- 
sided over  his  diocesan  convention  with  his  assistant  bishop  at  his 
side  and  surrounded  by  sixty-eight  clergy,  the  last  time  that  his 
venerable  figure,  his  benignant  countenance,  crowned  with  his  snow 
white  hair,  was  to  appear.  He  went  directly  afterward  to  consecrate 
the  cathedral  church  of  Our  Merciful  Saviour  at  Faribault,  which 
was  the  second  cathedral  in  America.  After  this  journey  he  returned 
home  and  lived  quietly  making  a  few  journeys  in  his  own  diocese, 
but  not  going  again  beyond  its  borders.  He  died  early  in  the  after- 
noon of  Tuesday,  May  the  24th,  1870,  and  was  buried  from  the  chapel 
at  Nashotah.  Six  bishops,  seventy  clergymen,  and  over  two  thou- 
sand people  followed  his  body  to  the  grave.  It  is  difficult  for  us  to 
realize  the  veneration  felt  for  Bishop  Kemper  by  the  whole  church 
in  those  closing  days  of  his  life.  There  has  been  nothing  like  it  seen 
since,  and  in  the  commonwealth  of  Wisconsin,  men  of  every  class 
well  nigh  worshiped  him.  As  Dr.  White  says  "He  could  travel 
about  the  state  for  weeks  without  its  costing  him  a  cent,  for  people 
would  not  take  payment  from  him  for  conveyance  and  entertain- 
ment. The  rough  lumbermen  of  the  backwoods  would  stand  with 
uncovered  heads  waiting  for  him  to  saj^  grace  before  they  would  sit 
down  to  eat.  And  this  sentiment  was  deepened  by  proximity;  those 
who  knew  him  best  revered  him  most.  The  community  at  Nashotah 
and  every  one  in  the  neighborhood,  down  to  domestics  and  laborers 
in  the  fields,  felt  for  him  afl'ection  mingled  with  awe ;  and  Renan  has 
well  said  that  the  judgment  of  one's  humblest  friends  in  respect  to 
character  is  almost  always  that  of  God." 

We  quote  the  following  passages  from  the  memorial  address  given 
at  the  meeting  of  the  diocesan  convention  the  following  June,  by  Dr. 
Hugh  Miller  Thompson:  "There  are  deaths  that  come  upon  us  with 
the  sense  of  a  completed  harmony,  when  the  work  is  done,  when  the 
story  is  all  told,  when  the  long,  full  day's  travel  is  finished.  They 
are  deaths  to  thank  God  for^ — these  deaths  that  end  a  long  and  fruit- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1479 

ful  life  with  a  perfect  close.  They  come  with  the  calmness  of  sum- 
mer sunsets  that  end  the  day,  with  the  dreamy  regret  of  the  Indian 
summer  that  ends  the  year.  They  seem  to  belong  to  the  diviner  har- 
monies of  the  other  world,  to  be  visitations  of  God's  eternal  order 
here  among  the  uncertainties  and  confusions  of  time. 

"It  is  such  a  death  we  commemorate  here  in  this  memorial  serv- 
ice and  I  believe  there  is  no  one  present  who  does  not  thank  God  that 
it  came  to  our  departed  father.    .    .    . 

"For  nearly  sixty  years,  Bishop  Kemper  served  at  the  altar.  For 
nearly  thirty-five  of  those  sixty  years  he  was  a  bishop.  His  active 
life  covered  a  period  of  the  greatest  changes  in  his  own  country  and 
the  world,  his  whole  life  nearly  the  entire  history  of  the  American 
episcopate. 

' '  Our  witness,  though  man 's  witness  is  nothing  to  him  now,  is  that 
he  bore  himself  right  manfully,  loyally  and  faithfully,  as  a  true 
Bishop  and  example  for  the  flock,  and  that  the  memory  of  his  faith- 
ful life  is  a  precious  legacy  to  us  and  to  our  children,  for  all  time 
to  come." 

"Wonderful  tributes  were  paid  him  by  his  brother  bishops,  who 
felt  as  no  one  else  could  feel,  the  wonder  of  the  work  he  had  done. 
Bishop  Vail  said :  ' '  His  life  furnishes  a  most  important  link,  not  only 
in  the  history  of  our  American  church  but  in  the  history  of  the  Church 
Catholic  of  this  age,  as  it  develops  its  grand  missionary  work  for  the 
benefit  of  the  world." 

To  quote  again  from  Dr.  White:  "And  so  the  great  central 
luminary,  having  thrown  off  successive  rings  of  planetary  dioceses, 
had  sunk  to  rest,  without  a  cloud  to  dim  his  disk.  The  Christian 
Odyssey  of  the  great  West  was  over,  and  its  lakes  and  streams,  and 
plains  knew  him  no  more.  The  Napoleon  of  spiritual  empire  had 
passed  away — and  who  would  not  prefer  Kemper's  crown  to  Bona- 
parte's? The  missionary  bishop  of  a  jurisdiction  greater  than  any 
since  the  days  of  the  apostles,— and  St.  Paul  himself  had  not  travelled 
as  widely  and  as  long,  for  Kemper  had  gone  three  hundred  thou- 
sand miles  on  his  Master's  service, — has  gone  to  his  reward.  Well 
had  his  life  borne  out  the  meaning  of  his  name:  'Kemper,  A 
Champion.'  " 

Jackson  B.  Kemper.  It  has  been  given  Mr.  Kemper  to  achieve 
marked  distinction  and  precedence  as  one  of  the  representative  mem- 
bers of  the  bar  of  his  native  state  and  in  the  city  of  Milwaukee  he 
is  a  member  of  the  well  known  law  firm  of  Bloodgood,  Kemper  & 
Bloodgood.  one  of  the  most  important  in  the  metropolis  of  the  state, 
with  offices  in  the  Mitchell  building.  An  illustrious  ancestral  her- 
itage is  that  of  Mr.  Kemper,  and  his  appreciation  of  the  same  stands 
in  justification  of  the  consistent  statement  of  Macaulay  to  the  effect 


1480  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

that  "A  people  that  takes  no  pride  iu  the  noble  achievements  of 
remote  ancestors  will  never  achieve  anything  worthy  to  be  remem- 
bered with  pride  by  remote  descendants."  The  name  which  he  bears 
has  been  one  distinguished  in  connection  with  the  annals  of  Wiscon- 
sin history  and  those  of  the  nation,  and  on  the  distaff  side  the  ancestral 
record  is  equally  interesting  and  worthy.  In  his  character  and  accom- 
plishment Mr.  Kemper  has  honored  the  family  name,  and  he  is 
specially  entitled  to  specific  recognition  in  this  publication. 

Jackson  Bloodgood  Kemper  was  born  at  Nashotah,  Waukesha 
county,  Wisconsin,  on  the  25th  of  January,  1865,  and  is  the  only  child 
of  Rev.  Lewis  A.  Kemper,  D.  D.,  and  Anna  (Bloodgood)  Kemper. 
His  father  was  a  son  of  Rt.  Rev.  Jackson  Kemper,  a  distinguished 
prelate  of  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church  and  bishop  of  the  diocese 
of  Wisconsin  at  the  time  of  his  death.  On  other  pages  of  this  work 
is  entered  a  memoir  to  Bishop  Kemper,  so  that  further  data  concern- 
ing him  are  not  demanded  in  the  present  connection. 

Rev.  Lewis  A.  Kemper,  D.  D.,  was  born  iu  the  city  of  Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania,  on  the  19th  of  July,  1829,  and  he  passed  the  closing 
years  of  his  life  at  Oconomowoc,  Wisconsin,  where  he  was  summoned 
to  eternal  rest  on  the  27th  of  April,  1886.  His  cherished  and  devoted 
wife  w^as  born  at  Houlton,  Aroostook  county,  Maine,  on  the  30th  of 
January,  1833,  and  she  died,  at  Kenosha,  Wisconsin,  on  the  28th  of 
September,  1886.  The  founder  of  the  American  bi-anch  of  the  Kem- 
per family  came  from  Germany  in  1740,  and  his  son  Daniel,  great- 
grandfather of  him  whose  name  initiates"  this  sketch,  served  as  a 
colonel  of  a  patriot  regiment  of  the  continental  forces  in  the  war  of 
the  Revolution.  He  was  thereafter  a  member  of  the  Society  of  the 
Cincinnati,  to  which  only  those  who  had  been  officers  in  the  Revolu- 
tionary struggle  were  eligible.  Kemper  Hall,  a  girls'  boarding  school 
maintained  at  Kenosha,  Wisconsin,  under  the  auspices  of  the  Protes- 
tant Episcopal  church,  was  named  in  honor  of  Rt.  Rev.  Jackson  Kem- 
per, whose  name  is  one  of  the  most  distinguished  in  connection  with 
the  early  history  of  the  Episcopal  church  in  Wisconsin.  Daniel  R. 
Kemper,  a  brother  of  the  Bishop,  was  one  of  a  company  of  young  men 
who,  in  1805,  went  to  South  America  for  the  purpose  of  tendering 
their  aid  in  securing  independence  to  the  citizens  of  Venezuela.  They 
were  captured  by  the  Spanish  forces  and  met  their  death  by  shooting, 
as  a  result  of  their  ardent  espousal  of  the  revolutionary  cause.  Within 
a  recent  period  the  patriotic  citizens  of  Venezuela  have  erected  a  fine 
bronze  monument  in  memory  of  these  gallant  young  Americans. 

Rev.  Lewis  A.  Kemper,  D.  D.,  became  one  of  the  leading  clergy- 
men of  the  Episcopal  church  in  Wisconsin  and  was  specially  promi- 
nent in  connection  with  its  educational  work.  He  was  professor  of 
Hebrew  and  Greek  in  Nashotah  Theological  Seminary  for  thirty  years 
and  was  one  of  the  best  loved  and  most  honored  members  of  the 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1481 

faculty  of  this  institution.  In  later  years  he  served  also  as  rector  of 
Zion  church  at  Oconomowoc,  in  connection  with  his  work  in  the  theo- 
logical seminary.  He  was  graduated  in  Columbia  University  as  a 
member  of  the  class  of  1849,  and  after  his  ordination  to  the  priest- 
hood his  services  were  almost  entirely  centered  in  Wisconsin  during 
the  residue  of  his  long  and  useful  life,  which  was  one  of  signal  con- 
secration. He  was  one  of  the  leading  representatives  of  his  church 
in  this  state  and  had  much  to  do  with  its  various  activities.  He  was  a 
valued  member  of  the  diocesan  standing  committee  and  a  frequent 
delegate  to  the  general  conventions  of  the  church  as  represented  in 
its  organic  body  in  the  United  States.  In  1874  his  name  was  brought 
forward  in  a  prominent  way  in  connection  with  advancement  to  the 
bishopric,  and  had  he  consented  become  a  candidate  he  would  un- 
doubtedly have  been  elected  to  this  high  office,  one  which  had  been 
signally  dignified  by  his  honored  father. 

In  the  maternal,  line  Jackson  B.  Kemper,  to  whom  this  review  is 
dedicated,  is  of  the  eighth  generation  in  descent  from  Francis  Blood- 
good,  who  came  from  Amsterdam,  Holland,  in  1658,  and  settled  at 
Flushing,  Long  Island,  the  original  orthography  of  his  name  having 
been  Francois  Bloetgoet.  Concerning  the  family  history  adequate  data 
appear  on  other  pages  of  this  work,  in  the  sketch  of  the  career  of 
Francis  Bloodgood,  uncle  of  him  whose  name  initiates  the  article  here 
presented. 

After  due  preliminary  discipline  Jackson  B.  Kemper  entered 
Racine  College,  at  Racine,  Wisconsin,  in  which  institution  he  was 
graduated  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1884  and  from  which  he  received 
the  degrees  of  Bachelor  and  Master  of  Arts.  In  1886  he  began  the 
study  of  law  in  the  office  and  under  the  effective  preceptorship  of  his 
uncle,  Francis  Bloodgood,  in  Milwaukee,  and  in  1888,  upon  examina- 
tion before  the  state  board  of  law  examiners,  he  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  of  his  native  state.  He  was  forthwith  admitted  also  to  partner- 
ship in  the  law  business  of  his  uncle  and  cousin,  under  the  title  of 
Bloodgood,  Bloodgood  &  Kemper.  In  1893  William  J.  Turner,  who  is 
now  presiding  on  the  bench  of  the  circuit  court  of  Milwaukee  county 
and  who  is  individually  represented  in  this  publication,  became  a 
member  of  the  firm,  the  title  of  which  was  thereupon  changed  to 
Turner,  Bloodgood  &  Kemper.  In  1896  Judge  Turner  retired  from 
the  alliance  and  Wheeler  P.  Bloodgood,  son  of  Francis  Bloodgood, 
became  a  member  of  the  firm,  the  business  of  which  has  since  been 
conducted  under  the  title  of  Bloodgood,  Kemper  &  Bloodgood.  The 
firm  controls  a  large  and  representative  practice  and  Mr.  Kemper  has 
long  held  precedence  as  a  trial  lawyer  of  distinctive  versatility  and 
resourcefulness  and  as  a  counselor  admirably  fortified  in  the  minutiae 
of  the  science  of  jurisprudence.  He  has  appeared  in  connection  with 
many  important  causes,  and  it  may  be  specially  noted  that  he  repre- 


1482  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

sented  the  trustees  of  the  estate  of  the  late  Hon.  Harrison  Ludington, 
former  governor  of  Wisconsin,  in  the  cases  brought  for  the  construc- 
tion of  the  will  of  the  governor.  He  was  also  representative  of  the 
trustees  of  the  estate  in  the  subsequent  litigation  with  the  widow  of 
Governor  Ludington,  and  concerning  this  and  other  important  litiga- 
tions with  which  the  firm  of  Bloodgood,  Kemper  &  Bloodgood  has 
been  concerned,  further  mention  is  made  in  the  sketch  of  the  career  of 
Francis  Bloodgood,  elsewhere  in  this  volume.  Especial  reference  is 
there  made  to  the  cases  connected  with  the  bank  failure  in  Milwaukee 
incidental  to  the  panic  of  1893,  and  the  heavy  bankruptcy  cases  with 
which  the  firm  has  been  identified  since  the  passage  of  the  present 
national  bankruptcy  laws. 

In  politics  Mr.  Kemper  has  always  been  a  moderate  Republican, 
but  he  has  deemed  his  profession  worthy  of  his  undivided  attention, 
has  subordinated  all  else  to  its  demands  and  thus  has  not  cared  to 
enter  the  arena  of  so  called  practical  politics  or  to  become  a  candi- 
date for  public  office.  He  is  identified  with  the  Wisconsin  State  Bar 
Association  and  the  Milwaukee  County  Bar  Association,  both  he  and 
his  wife  are  zealous  communicants  of  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church, 
and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee  Club,  the  University  Club,  the 
Milwaukee  Country  Club  and  the  Town  Club,  representative  organiza- 
tions of  his  home  city.  His  attractive  residence  is  located  at  450 
Lafayette  Place,  and  the  same  is  a  center  of  gracious  hospitality. 

On  the  3d  of  March,  1891,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr. 
Kemper  to  Miss  Luella  Greer,  daughter  of  William  T.  Greer,  a  promi- 
nent citizen  of  Louisville,  Kentucky,  and  Mrs.  Kemper  is  a  popular 
figure  in  connection  with  the  representative  social  activities  of  Mil- 
waukee. 

F.  R.  Bentley.  One  of  the  ablest  combinations  of  legal  talent  in 
the  Sauk  county  bar  is  that  of  Bentley,  Kelley  &  Hill,  attorneys  and 
counsellors  at  law  at  Baraboo.  Mr.  Bentley,  the  senior  member,  has 
an  experience  of  twenty-one  years  in  practice  at  Baraboo,  and  his  father 
before  him  was  one  of  the  most  esteemed  of  all  the  older  lawyers  in  this 
section.  The  Bentley  family  was  established  in  central  Wisconsin  about 
sixty  years  ago,  when  all  this  country  was  new  and  almost  undeveloped, 
and  its  record  has  been  one  of  important  professional  service,  and  good 
citizenship  in  every  community  of  its  residence. 

F.  R.  Bentley  was  born  August  8,  1869.  in  Sauk  county,  a  son  of 
Monroe  and  Susan  (Booth)  Bentley,  the  latter  a  native  of  England. 
The  father,  who  was  born  at  Binghamton,  New  York,  April  9,  1836, 
was  a  grandson  of  a  soldier  of  the  War  of  1812  killed  in  the  battle  of 
Plattsburg.  Monroe  Bentley  and  his  father,  Ephraim  and  an  only 
brother  all  served  in  the  Civil  war,  the  father  and  brother  both  being 
killed  while  in  the  service.     From  New  York  the  family  moved  to 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1483 

LaGrange  county,  Indiana,  which  remained  their  home  many  years, 
and  Monroe  Bentley  was  a  boy  in  that  county  and  graduated  from  the 
LaGrange  Collegiate  Institute  in  1853.  About  that  time  or  a  little 
after  the  family  moved  from  Indiana  to  Wisconsin,  locating  at  Poynette, 
in  Columbia  county.  Monroe  Bentley  taught  school  at  Poynette  and 
vicinity  for  ten  wdnters.  In  1866  he  moved  to  Baraboo,  studied  law 
with  C.  C.  Remington,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1878.  His  promi- 
nence in  public  aifairs  had  begun  some  time  before  and  he  had  served 
two  years  as  chairman  of  the  board  of  township  supervisors.  For  ten 
years  he  served  the  village  of  Baraboo  in  different  official  capacities,  and 
at  the'  time  of  his  death  was  the  oldest  practicing  lawyer  in  that  city. 
\Yith  a  substantial  knowledge  of  the  law  he  combined  a  large  experience 
and  thorough  judgment  which  entitled  him  to  the  confidence  of  his  fel- 
lowmen.  He  won  a  reputation  for  quiet  wisdom  and  was  a  sort  of  legal 
adviser  for  almost  the  entire  JCommunit3^  He  was  a  strong  temperance 
advocate ;  in  politics  a  Republican.  During  the  closing  years  of  his  life, 
from  1892  on,  his  sou  F.  R.  Bentley  was  his  partner  under  the  firm  name 
of  Bentley  &  Bentley. 

Mr.  F.  R.  Bentley  grew  up  in  Baraboo,  graduated  from  the  Baraboo 
high  school  in  1886  and  started  out  to  make  his  own  way  as  a  telegraph 
operator.  His  service  in  that  line  was  largely  on  the  Madison  division 
of  the  Northwestern  Railway.  Later  going  west,  he  lived  in  Seattle, 
Washington,  for  three  years,  and  w^hile  there  took  a  law  course  for  two 
years.  His  return  to  Baraboo  in  1891,  was  followed  by  a  continuation 
of  his  studies  until  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1892.  He  immediately  became 
associated  in  practice  Avith  his  father.  In  1902  John  ^l.  Kelly  joined 
him  in  practice,  and  to  that  firm  in  1910  James  H.  Hill  added  his  mem- 
bership ;  the  firm  of  Bentley,  Kelly  &  Hill  enjoy  a  large  and  extensive 
practice  in  the  state  and  federal  courts.  ^Ir.  Bentley  during  his  years 
of  practice  as  a  lawyer  has  also  been  connected  with  several  local  business 
enterprises. 

His  prominence  in  Republican  politics  has  made  him  known  through- 
out the  entire  state,  and  he  has  worked  energetically  for  the  good  of  the 
party,  in  a  number  of  recent  campaigns.  During  the  Roosevelt  cam- 
paign of  1904,  he  was  secretary  of  the  State  National  Republican  cam- 
paign, with  its  headquarters  in  Milwaukee,  where  he  remained  about 
five  months,  giving  all  his  time  and  energy  to  the  conduct  of  the  cam- 
paign. From  1896  to  1900  he  served  as  district  attorney  for  Sauk 
county.  March  6,  1907,  he  was  appointed  by  President  Roosevelt  as  Col- 
lector of  Internal  Revenue  for  Second  District  of  Wisconsin,  which 
office  he  held  for  nearly  five  years.  Fraternally  Mr.  Bentley  is  a  Knight 
Templar  Mason,  belonging  to  Baraboo  Commandery,  No.  28,  and  has 
gone  through  all  the  chairs  of  the  Order  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias. 

On  November  10,  1892,  in  La  Crosse,  Wisconsin.  Mr.  Bentley  mar- 
ried ]\Iiss  Emma  H.  Emerson,  daughter  of  Joseph  and   Susan   Emer- 


1484  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

son.     They  had  one  daughter,  Jessie  E.,  born  September  18,  1896,  who 
died  June  4,  1903. 

Solon  Louis  Perrin.  A  member  of  the  Wisconsin  bar  since  1881 
and  since  1895  a  resident  at  Superior,  Mr.  Perrin  has  been  at  different 
times  general  or  special  counsel  for  some  of  the  larger  corporations  of 
his  home  city  and  state ;  has  had  a  large  practice  in  all  the  state  courts 
and  his  attainments  as  a  well  read,  careful  and  conscientious  lawyer 
have  given  him  a  leading  position  among  Wisconsin  attorneys. 

Solon  Louis  Perrin  is  a  native  of  AVisconsin,  and  belongs  to  one  of 
the  pioneer  families.  He  was  born  at  Kinnikinnick,  St.  Croix  county, 
March  17,  1859,  the  oldest  in  the  family  of  William  Louis  and  Julia 
Frances  (Loring)  Perrin.  Grandfather  John  Perrin,  a  native  of  Ver- 
mont, moved  to  New  York  when  a  young  man,  and  was  for  many  years 
a  farmer  in  that  state.  William  Louis  Perrin  was  born  at  Malone, 
Franklin  county,  New  York,  in  1825.  In  1851,  he  came  with  his  brother 
James  Perrin,  to  St.  Croix  county,  Wisconsin,  and  was  one  of  the  early 
settlers  in  that  vicinity.  His  interests  also  identified  him  with  public 
affairs,  and  in  addition  to  various  township  offices,  he  was  from  1875 
to  1879  county  clerk  of  St.  Croix  county.  The  year  1883  marked  his 
retirement  from  active  affairs,  at  which  time  he  moved  to  River  Falls, 
and  in  1895  came  to  Superior  to  live  with  his  son,  until  his  death  in 
1907  at  the  age  of  eighty-two  years.  In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat,  and 
was  affiliated  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  In  this  state 
occurred  his  marriage  to  Miss  Loring,  who  was  born  in  Shirley,  Maine, 
in  1839.  She  died  in  St.  Paul,  Minnesota,  in  1894.  Of  the  five  chil- 
dren one  died  in  infancy.  Miss  Loring  came  to  Wisconsin  in  1856,  with 
her  brother,  sisters  and  widowed  mother,  the  family  settling  in  St.  Croix 
county. 

Solon  L.  Perrin  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Kinnikinnick, 
was  a  student  for  a  time  in  the  high  school  at  Hudson,  and  at  the  age 
of  eighteen  began  the  study  of  law  in  the  offices  of  Baker  &  Spooner  at 
Hutchinson.  The  junior  member  of  that  firm  was  John  C.  Spooner, 
later  United  States  senator  from  Wisconsin.  While  a  law  student,  Mr. 
Ferrin  acted  as  assistant  clerk  of  the  assembly,  during  the  sessions  of 
1879  and  1880.  Beginning  with  the  fall  of  1880  his  studies  were  pur- 
sued in  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  where  he  was  graduated  LL.  B. 
in  June,  1881.  Until  1895  his  work  as  a  lawyer  was  with  the  legal 
department  of  the  Chicago,  St.  Paul,  Minneapolis  &  Omaha  Railroad. 
Since  that  time  he  has  had  charge  of  the  local  business  of  the  company 
in  Superior.  Mr.  Perrin  is  also  attorney  for  the  Inter-state  Transfer 
Railway  Company,  and  has  a  large  private  practice  and  his  services 
have  been  retained  in  many  of  the  most  important  eases  tried  in  the 
local  courts.     In  1897  he  was  appointed  one  of  the  receivers  of  the  Su- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1485 

perior  Consolidated  Land  Company.  Since  the  reorganization  of  the 
compatiy  in  the  spring  of  1902,  he  has  been  its  president  and  attorney. 

In  1902  Mr.  Perrin  became  a  candidate  for  the  office  of  state  senator, 
and  before  the  convention  the  vote  was  tied  at  five  hundred  ballots.  Mr. 
Perrin  withdrew  his  name  and  threw  his  support  to  one  of  his  opponents. 
His  politics  have  always  been  Republican.  Fraternally  his  relations 
are  with  Superior  Lodge  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of 
Elks  and  with  the  Masonic  Order  in  which  he  has  taken  thirty-two 
degrees  of  the  Scottish  Rite,  and  has  membership  in  the  Lodge  and 
Chapter  at  Hudson,  the  Palladin  Commandery  at  St.  Paul,  the  Wiscon- 
sin Consistory,  and  the  Tripoli  Temple  of  the  Mystic  Shrine  in  Mil- 
waukee. As  a  lawyer  Mr.  Perrin  has  won  recognition  for  his  fine  legal 
attainments,  his  fidelity  to  professional  duty,  and  his  able  administra- 
tion of  all  interests  entrusted  to  his  care.  His  offices  at  Superior  are  in 
the  Bank  of  Commerce  Building. 

In  1888  Mr.  Perrin  married  Miss  Elizabeth  G.  Staples,  of  St.  Paul, 
Minnesota.  She  was  born  at  Hudson,  Wisconsin,  a  daughter  of  Silas 
and  Nancy  (Oilman)  Staples,  both  natives  of  Maine.  Their  two  chil- 
dren are :  Florence  Elizabeth  and  Jane  Louis. 

Carl  B.  Rix  was  born  in  Washington  county,  Wisconsin,  on  Sep- 
tember 30,  1878,  and  is  the  son  of  Wareham  P.  and  ]Marie  L.  (StauflPer) 
Rix.  The  father  was  born  in  Stanstead  county,  Quebec,  on  May  19, 
1844,  while  the  mother  is  a  native  of  Washington  county.  Wareham 
P.  Rix  is  of  pure  English  parentage  on  his  paternal  side  and  of  Swiss 
and  German  on  the  maternal  side.  The  first  ancestor  of  the  family 
was  John  Rix,  who  came  from  England  to  Boston,  Massachusetts,  in 
1836,  and  the  maternal  grandparents  of  the  subject  came  to  America 
in  1850,  coming  west  soon  thereafter  and  settling  in  Washington  county. 

Carl  B.  Rix  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  West  Bend  and 
at  Georgetown  University.  He  was  graduated  from  the  high  school 
of  West  Bend  with  the  class  of  1895,  after  which  event  he  taught 
school  in  the  county  until  1900,  when  he  received  an  appointment  to  a 
position  in  the  Department  of  the  Interior  at  Washington,  D.  C.  While 
there  he  attended  the  school  of  law  at  the  Georgetown  University, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1903,  receiving  at  that 
time  the  degree  of  LL.  B.,  and  after  one  year  of  post-graduate  work 
he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  M.  In  1905  Mr.  Rix  commenced  his 
practice  in  Milwaukee,  and  here  he  has  since  been  engaged  in  a  general 
practice.  He  is  associated  in  practice  with  John  M.  Barney,  under  the 
firm  name  of  Rix  &  Barney. 

Mr.  Rix  is  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  the  College  of  Law  of  Mar- 
quette University  of  this  city,  where  he  is  well  and  favorably  known 
both  to  the  profession  at  large  and  to  a  wide  circle  of  friends  and 
clients.     Politically  Mr.  Rix  is  a  Republican,  but  not  a  politician  in 


1486  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

the  accepted  sense  ol  the  term,  aud  he  is  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee 
Bar  Association.  Fraternally  he  is  affiliated  with  tlie  Masonic  order, 
and  he  still  retains  membership  in  his  college  fraternity.  Delta  Chi. 

On  September  30,  1907,  Mr.  Rix  was  married  to  Miss  Sara  Barney, 
the  daughter  of  Judge  Samuel  S.  Barney,  of  West  Bend,  Wisconsin. 
They  have  one  child,  Ellen  Sybil,  born  July  5,  1911. 

Hawley  W.  Wilbur.  The  beautiful  little  city  of  Waukesha,  judicial 
center  of  the  county  of  the  same  name,  is  favored  in  having  at  the 
head  of  its  municipal  government  so  progressive,  loyal  and  public- 
spirited  a  citizen  as  its  present  mayor,  whose  name  initiates  this  re- 
view and  who  is  one  of  the  representative  business  men  of  the  younger 
generation  in  Waukesha,  where  his  popularity  is  fully  attested  by  his 
official  preferment. 

Mr.  Wilbur  was  born  at  Burlington,  Racine  county,  Wisconsin, 
on  the  10th  of  November,  1882,  and  is  a  son  of  George  H.  and  Jennie 
M.  (Hawley)  Wilbur,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  the  state  of 
New  York  and  the  latter  in  Indiana.  George  H.  Wilbur  was  a  valiant 
soldier  of  the  Union  in  the  Civil  war.  On  the  27th  of  August,  1861,  he 
enlisted  as  a  member  of  Company  D,  Ninth  Indiana  Volunteer  In- 
fantry, and  he  forthwith  proceeded  with  his  command  to  the  front. 
In  1863  he  was  promoted  second  lieutenant.  He  continued  in  active 
service,  a  faithful  and  gallant  young  soldier,  until  the  expiration  of 
his  term  of  enlistment  aud  was  mustered  out  in  September,  1864,  duly 
receiving  his  honorable  discharge.  His  record  was  such  as  to  reflect 
enduring  honor  upon  him  and  his  continued  interest  in  his  old  com- 
rades in  arms  is  shown  by  his  active  and  appreciative  affiliation  with 
the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic.  He  participated  in  many  spirited 
engagements  marking  the  progress  of  the  great  conflict  through  which 
the  integrity  of  the  Union  was  preserved  and  was  ever  found  at  the 
post  of  duty.  Early  in  1862  his  regiment  was  in  service  in  western 
Virginia,  and  then  it  was  transferred  to  the  Army  of  the  Ohio,  with 
which,  in  the  command  of  General  Buell,  it  participated  in  the  memora- 
ble battle  of  Shiloh  and  other  engagements.  Thereafter  Mr.  Wilbur 
was  with  his  regiment  in  the  Mississippi  and  Atlanta  campaigns  and 
took  part  in  many  of  the  important  battles  incidental  to  these  manoeu- 
vers  of  the  Federal  forces. 

After  the  close  of  the  war  George  H.  Wilbur  came  to  Wisconsin 
and  established  his  residence  at  Burlington,  where  he  engaged  in  the 
retail  lumber  business.  He  eventually  expanded  his  operations  to 
wide  scope  and  in  1885  efilected  the  organization  of  the  Wilbur  Lum- 
ber Company,  which  is  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  the  state  and 
which  at  the  present  time  operates  seventeen  branch  establishments, 
located  at  various  points  in  Wisconsin,  Illinois  and  Indiana.  The  com- 
pany also  has  a  large  and  well  equipped  sash  and  door  factory,  the 


^^^ft^My  ffPUtS^ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1487 

same  being  located  in  the  city  of  Milwaukee,  and  the  business  of  the 
concern  is  now  one  of  great  volume  and  marked  prosperity.  Richard 
W.  Houghton  is  president  of  the  company ;  Joseph  Kerwer,  vice-presi- 
dent; and  George  H.  Wilbur,  secretary  and  treasurer.  Employment 
is  given  to  one  hundred  men  in  the  various  departments  of  the  thriv- 
ing industrial  enterprise,  and  the  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  com- 
pany still  maintains  his  home  at  Waukesha  where  he  and  his  wife  are 
held  in  highest  esteem. 

The  present  mayor  of  Waukesha  attended  the  public  schools  and 
Carroll  College  of  Waukesha  and  for  three  years  was  a  student  in  the 
University  of  Wisconsin.  Soon  after  leaving  the  university  he  became 
a  clerk  in  the  office  of  the  Wilbur  Lumber  Company,  at  Burlington, 
and  later  he  was  made  manager  of  the  retail  business  of  the  company 
in  that  place.  He  was  next  transferred  to  the  position  of  manager  of 
the  branch  at  Dixon,  Illinois,  where  he  remained  until  1907,  when  he 
assumed  the  management  of  the  company's  business  at  Waukesha,  in 
which  city  he  has  since  maintained  his  home  and  in  which  he  has 
gained  impregnable  vantage  ground  in  popular  confidence  and  esteem. 
In  1912  Mr.  Wilbur  engaged  in  the  ice  and  fuel  business  on  his  own 
responsibility.  In  this  line  he  has  built  up  a  most  prosperous  enter- 
prise, which  is  constantly  expanding,  and  he  is  known  as  one  of  the 
most  aggressive  and  alert  young  business  men  of  the  city  of  which  he 
is  mayor.  He  is  an  active  and  valued  member  of  the  Waukesha  Busi- 
ness Men's  Association,  which  is  doing  much  to  promote  civic  and 
material  progress  in  the  city,  and  in  politics  he  is  unswerving  in  his 
allegiance  to  the  Republican  party.  In  April,  1912,  Mr.  Wilbur  was 
elected  mayor  of  Waukesha,  receiving  a  gratifying  majority  at  the 
polls,  and  he  is  giving  a  most  effective  administration  of  municipal 
affairs,  with  progressive  policies  and  proper  conservatism  in  the  ex- 
penditure of  public  funds. 

On  the  6th  of  December,  1906,  Mr.  Wilbur  was  united  in  marriage 
to  Miss  Avis  A.  Dement,  daughter  of  Chas.  H.  Dement,  a  prominent 
business  man  of  Dixon,  Illinois,  and  the  three  children  of  this  union 
are  George  H.,  Hawley  W.,  Jr.,  and  Charles  R.  Mayor  and  Mrs.  Wil- 
bur are  factors  in  the  social  activities  of  Waukesha. 

John  Mulva.  While  claiming  no  gifts  of  prophetic  order,  the  pres- 
ent able  and  popular  mayor  of  the  city  of  Oshkosh,  Winnebago  county, 
gives  denial,  through  the  high  esteem  in  which  he  is  held  in  his  native 
place,  to  all  possibility  of  any  figurative  application  of  the  scriptural 
statement  that  ''a  prophet  is  not  without  honor  save  in  his  own  coun- 
try." He  has  given  a  most  progressive  and  effective  administration 
as  chief  executive  of  the  municipal  government  of  Oshkosh,  where 
his  service  in  this  capacity  has  not  been  limited  to  that  of  his  present 
term.     He  has  been  one  of  the  most  influential  factors  in  connection 


1488  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

with  city  affairs  during  more  tlian  a  decade  and  no  citizen  holds  more 
secure  place  in  popular  confidence  and  esteem. 

John  Mulva  was  born  in  Oshkosh  on  the  22d  of  February,  1860, 
and  is  a  son  of  Patrick  and  Ann  (Martin)  Mulva,  both  of  whom  were 
born  in  Ireland.  They  were  numbered  among  the  sterling  pioneers 
of  Wisconsin,  as  is  evident  when  it  is  stated  that  they  came  to  this 
state  in  1850.  They  first  located  in  Milwaukee,  where  they  remained 
until  1854,  when  they  removed  to  Oshkosh,  where  they  passed  the 
residue  of  their  lives,  the  father  having  here  been  actively  engaged 
as  a  laboring  man  for  many  years  and  having  been  a  citizen  whose 
sterling  character  and  genial  and  kindly  personality  won  to  him  un- 
qualified popular  esteem.  He  died  in  the  year  1905,  and  his  cherished 
Avife  was  summoned  to  the  life  eternal  on  the  20th  of  April,  1912,  both 
having  been  devout  communicants  of  the  Catholic  church.  Of  the  seven 
children  two  sons  and  four  daughters  are  living,  the  present  mayoi 
of  Oshkosh  having  been  the  second  in  order  of  birth. 

Public  schools  of  Oshkosh  afforded  Mayor  Mulva  his  early  educa- 
tional advantages  and  he  was  graduated  in  the  high  school  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  class  of  1878.  In  the  following  year  he  was  graduated  in 
the  Oshkosh  Business  College,  after  which  he  was  for  two  years  in 
the  employ  of  the  Joseph  P.  Gould  Manufacturing  Company,  one  of 
the  leading  industrial  concerns  of  his  native  city  at  that  time.  For 
ten  years  thereafter  he  was  a  valued  attache  of  the  Conley  Lumber 
Company,  with  which  he  was  promoted  to  the  responsible  office  of 
superintendent,  in  1884.  Upon  resigning  this  office  he  went  to  Daven- 
port, Iowa,  where  he  remained  one  year,  in  the  employ  of  the  George 
Otte  Company,  manufacturers  of  sash,  doors  and  blinds.  He  then  re- 
turned to  Oshkosh,  where  he  entered  the  employ  of  S.  Radford  & 
Brothers,  in  the  same  line  of  enterprise.  He  became  superintendent 
for  this  concern  and  continued  the  able  and  valued  incumbent  of  this 
office  until  the  spring  of  1912,  since  which  time  his  entire  time  and  at- 
tention have  been  virtually  engrossed  by  his  executive  duties  in  the 
mayoralty  and  his  private  business  interests. 

As  a  young  man  Mr.  Mulva  began  to  take  a  deep  interest  in  public 
affairs  of  a  local  order  and  his  loyalty  to  his  native  city  has  ever  been 
of  the  most  insistent  type.  He  has  been  an  influential  factor  in  the 
ranks  of  the  Democratic  party  and  has  given  efl'ective  service  in  be- 
half of  its  cause,  the  while  he  has  served  as  delegate  to  its  conventions 
in  his  home  county  for  a  score  of  years,  as  well  as  to  its  state  con- 
ventions in  Wisconsin.  He  served  continuously  as  president  of  the 
city  council  from  1895  to  1900,  in  which  latter  year  the  council  elected 
him  mayor,  to  fill  out  the  unexpired  term  of  James  H.  Merrill,  who 
died  while  in  office.  In  the  regular  city  election  of  1901  Mr.  Mulva 
rolled  up  a  most  gratifying  majority  at  the  polls  and  became  mayor 
of  the  city  through  popular  support.     In  1903  he  was  re-elected  and 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  .  1489 

his  service  continued  until  1908.  Public  appreciation  of  his  prior 
administrations  led  to  his  being  again  called  to  the  mayoralty  in  the 
election  of  1912,  and  his  record  in  this  office  has  been  one  most  cred- 
itable to  himself  and  of  great  value  to  the  city,  which  now  has  the 
commission  form  of  government.  Mr.  Mulva  served  continuously  as 
representative  of  the  third,  ninth,  sixth  and  thirteenth  wards  in  the 
city  council  from  1888  to  1900,  and  initiated  his  work  as  a  member 
of  this  municipal  body  when  he  was  twenty-eight  years  of  age.  Both 
in  an  official  capacity  and  through  private  influence  and  enterprise, 
Mr.  Mulva  has  put  forth  the  most  zealous  and  effective  efforts  in  pro- 
moting the  civic  and  material  progress  and  prosperity  of  his  home  city 
and  his  public  spirit  has  been  on  a  parity  with  his  loyalty  and  high 
civic  ideals.  He  is  a  stockholder  and  director  of  the  South  Side  Ex- 
change Bank,  of  which  he  served  as  vice-president  from  1898  to  1900, 
and  he  has  been  specially  active  and  successful  in  the  handling  of  and 
improving  of  local  real  estate.  He  was  one  of  the  principal  figures  in 
effecting  the  organization  of  the  Oshkosh  Loan  &  Investment  Com- 
pany, of  which  he  was  secretary,  and  this  concern,  during  its  eighteen 
years  of  active  operations,  exercised  most  important  and  benignant 
functions  in  enabling  those  in  moderate  financial  circumstances  to 
obtain  homes  of  their  own.  Mr.  Mulva  has  in  an  individual  way  im- 
proved much  local  realty  and  has  made  a  specialty  of  extending 
financial  loans  in  connection  with^  home  building,  his  operations  in 
this  line  having  been  effective  in  furthering  the  material  and  social 
welfare  of  Oshkosh  and  in  assisting  those  whose  resources  were  such 
that  otherwise  they  would  not  have  been  able  to  become  home-owners, 
- — a  condition  greatly  to  be  desired  in  every  community.  He  is  also  a 
stockholder  in  the  Oshkosh  Trust  Company. 

The  mayor  of  Oshkosh  clings  to  the  religious  faith  in  which  he 
was  reared  and  is  a  communicant  of  the  Catholic  church,  the  great 
mother  organization  of  all  Christendom.  He  is  affiliated  with  the 
Benevolent  &  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  the  Catholic  Knights  of  Amer- 
ica, the  Knights  of  Columbus,  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters 
and  the  Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles. 

The  attractive  home  of  Mayor  Mulva  is  known  for  its  generous 
hospitality  and  ideal  relations,  and  has  a  gracious  chatelaine  in  the 
person  of  Mrs.  Mulva.  On  the  22d  of  November,  1894,  was  solem- 
nized the  marriage  of  Mr.  Mulva  to  Miss  Mary  Fitzsimmons,  daughter 
of  M.  J.  Fitzsimmons,  a  representative  citizen  of  Fond  du  Lac,  this 
state. 

Alfred  W.  Jones.  No  other  agency  has  been  so  influential  in  fur- 
thering the  prestige  of  Waukesha  and  in  bringing  about  its  development 
as  a  health  resort  and  most  attractive  residence  city  as  that  involved 
in  the  exploitation  of  the  wonderful  Bethesda  water,  and  as  president 


1490  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

of  the  Bethesda  Mineral  Spring  Company  Alfred  W.  Jones  is  proving 
a  most  able  and  progressive  executive  of  this  important  corporation, 
even  as  he  is  also  one  of  the  most  popular  and  influential  citizens  of 
Waukesha.  He  succeeded  his  distinguished  father  in  the  presidency  of 
the  company  mentioned  and  he  has  effectively  carried  forward  the  work 
which  the  latter  developed  to  one  of  great  importance  in  bringing  to 
public  attention  the  great  remedial  values  of  the  Bethesda  water.  The 
Chicago  Inter  Ocean  has  made  the  following  pertinent  statement,  the 
significance  of  which  is  prima  facie ;  ' '  The  reputation  of  Waukesha  has 
been  gained  by  the  curative  properties  of  Bethesda  and  the  best  evidence 
of  the  value  of  the  spring  is  found  in  the  number  of  imitations  follo^ving 
in  its  footsteps  and  trading  upon  the  name  it  has  acquired." 

Hon.  Alfred  Miles  Jones,  father  of  him  whose  name  introduces  this 
article,  was  born  at  New  Durham,  New  Hampshire,  on  the  5th  of  Feb- 
ruary, 1837,  and  he  died  at  his  home  in  AVaukesha,  AVisconsin,  on  the 
8th  of  July,  1910.  He  was  a  son  of  Alfred  S.  and  Rebecca  (Miles) 
Jones,  and  his  father  was  a  true  type  of  the  sturdy  New  England  farmer, 
the  mother  a  representative  of  the  old  and  prominent  Miles  family  of 
Connecticut.  When  Alfred  M.  was  about  ten  years  of  age  the  family 
removed  to  McHenry  county,  Illinois,  and  he  remained  on  the  home 
farm,  near  Hebron,  that  county,  until  he  had  attained  to  the  age  of  six- 
teen years,  in  the  meanwhile  having  availed  himself  of  the  advantages 
of  the  common  schools  of  the  locality  and  period.  At  the  age  noted  he 
went  to  the  pine  forests  of  Michigan  where  he  was  employed  for  a  time, 
and  thereafter  he  passed  about  one  year  rafting  on  the  Mississippi  river. 
He  made  judicious  use  of  the  money  which  he  earned,  as  he  entered  an 
academic  institution  at  Roekford,  Illinois,  in  which  he  was  graduated  in 
1856.  In  the  following  year  he  engaged  in  the  jewelery  and  stationery 
business  at  AVarren,  Jo  Daviess  county,  Illinois,  but  he  soon  disposed  of 
his  little  stock  and  went  to  Pike's  Peak,  Colorado,  where  the  gold  excite- 
ment was  then  at  its  height.  Prospects  did  not  prove  inviting  and  he 
soon  returned  to  Warren,  Illinois,  where  he  obtained  employment.  He 
was  engaged  in  the  sale  of  farming  implements  for  five  years  and  then 
turned  his  attention  to  the  real-estate  business  and  the  practice  of  law. 
He  was  called  upon  to  serve  in  various  public  offices  of  local  order  and 
became  one  of  the  leaders  in  the  ranks  of  the  Republican  party  in  Jo 
Daviess  county,  where  he  served  eight  years  as  chairman  of  the  county 
central  committee.  From  1872  to  1874,  inclusive,  he  represented  the 
county  in  the  state  legislature,  and  he  was  the  acknowledged  Republican 
leader  in  the  session  of  1874.  It  was  at  this  time  that  he  received  the 
title  of  "Long  Jones,"  under  which  he  became  widely  known.  He  was 
more  than  six  feet  five  inches  in  height  and  the  title  was  given  him  to 
distinguish  him  from  Representative  Jones,  of  Massac  county,  with  the 
result  that  the  pseudonym  ever  afterward  clung  to  him,  the  same  having 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1491 

appealed  to  his  sense  of  humor  and  having  been  rather  pleasing  to  him 
than  otherwise. 

After  retiring  from  the  legislature,  Mr.  Jones  served  as  a  commis- 
sioner of  the  state  penitentiary  at  Joliet  and  was  secretary  of  the  board 
for  three  years.  President  Hayes  then  appointed  him  collector  of  in- 
ternal revenue  at  Sterling,  Illinois,  and  later  President  Garfield  ap- 
pointed him  United  States  marshal  for  the  northern  district  of  that  state, 
with  headquarters  in  the  city  of  Chicago.  He  held  this  office  until  June 
30,  1885,  and  for  fourteen  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Republican 
state  central  committee,  having  been  chairman  of  the  body  for  twelve 
of  these  years.  Concerning  his  prominence  and  influence  in  political 
activities  the  following  statements  have  been  made :  ' '  One  of  the  triumphs 
of  which  he  and  his  friends  were  justly  proud  was  that  gained  in  the 
manoeuvering  of  forces  at  his  command  in  1878,  when  General  John 
A.  Logan  was  elected  to  the  United  States  senate,  Mr.  Jones  having  at 
the  time  been  chairman  of  the  state  central  committee  of  his  party  in 
Illinois.  For  his  effective  efforts  in  this  connection  his  admirers  pre- 
sented him  with  a  handsome  silver  service,  as  a  token  of  appreciation. 
The  last  two  times  General  Logan  was  elected  to  the  senate,  Mr.  Jones 
who  was  his  warm  personal  friend,  had  charge  of  the  campaign  work 
and  A)vas  distinctively  successful.  He  was  in  charge  of  the  Harrison 
forces  in  the  Republican  national  convention  of  1892,  at  Minneapolis, 
when  President  Harrison  was  renominated. ' ' 

On  the  1st  of  July,  1885,  Mr.  Jones  assumed  charge  of  the  Bethesda 
spring,  at  Waukesha,  Wisconsin,  and  under  his  management  the  business 
was  soon  made  profitable.  In  1888  he  became  president  of  the  Bethesda 
Mineral  Spring  Company,  and  he  retained  this  office,  together  with  that 
of  manager,  until  his  death,  when  he  w-as  succeeded  by  his  son,  as  pre- 
viously noted  in  this  context.  He  acquired  the  controlling  interest  in 
the  stock  of  the  company,  and  he  did  much  to  bring  to  Waukesha  its, 
wide  reputation  as  a  health  resort,  the  Bethesda  water  being  now^  shipped 
into  all  sections  of  the  country.  He  also  became  the  o\\iier  of  the  fine 
Terrace  hotel,  situated  just  across  the  street  from  the  Bethesda  spring; 
was  organizer  of  the  Waukesha  Beach  Electric  Railway  Company,  of 
which  he  was  president,  and  in  1894  he  established  his  permanent  home 
in  Waukesha,  where  he  remained  an  honored  and  distinguished  citizen 
until  his  death.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church,  as  was  also 
his  wife,  and  he  was  actively  affiliated  with  the  Masonic  fraternity. 
He  was  a  man  of  broad  views,  fine  intellectuality  and  most  genial  and 
kindly  nature,  so  that  his  circle  of  friends  was  exceptionally  large, — 
virtually  coincident  with  that  of  his  acquaintances.  On  the  13th  of 
October,  1857,  Mr.  Jones  wedded  Miss  Emeline  A.  Wright,  who  was  born 
in  the  state  of  New  York.  Of  the  two  children,  Alfred  W.  is  the  only 
survivor. 

Alfred  Wirt  Jones,  who  succeeded  to  his  father's  extensive  interests 


1492  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

in  Waukesha  and  who  has  well  upheld  the  prestige  of  the  name  as  an 
able  business  man  and  progressive  citizen,  was  born  at  Warren,  Illinois, 
on  the  14th  of  November,  1868.  He  prosecuted  his  studies  in  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  town  until  he  had  completed  the  curriculum  of 
the  high  school  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen  years  he  entered  Union  Col- 
lege of  Law,  in  the  city  of  Chicago,  where  he  was  a  student  for  three 
years.  He  has  not  found  it  expedient  to  engage  in  the  practice  of  law 
but  has  found  his  technical  knowledge  of  great  value  in  connection  with 
the  ordering  of  his  extensive  property  and  business  interests.  After 
leaving  the  college  mentioned  Mr.  Jones  assumed  charge  of  the  Chicago 
branch  of  the  Bethesda  Mineral  Spring  Company,  and  three  years  later, 
in  1895,  he  became  secretary  of  the  company.  Upon  the  death  of  his 
honored  father,  in  1910,  he  was  elected,  by  the  board  of  directors,  to 
the  offices  of  president  and  manager  of  the  company,  as  successor  of  his 
father,  and  of  these  positions  he  has  since  remained  the  incumbent.  He 
gives  his  entire  time  and  attention  to  the  interests  of  this  important  cor- 
poration, which  is  capitalized  for  two  hundred  thousand  dollars,  and 
the  local  business  of  the  concern  has  grown  appreciably  under  his 
regime,  as  well  as  its  sales  of  the  Bethesda  water  throughout  all  sections 
of  the  country. 

Like  his  father  Mr.  Jones  is  a  stalwart  in  the  camp  of  the  Republi- 
can party,  and  he  has  been  an  active  worker  in  its  cause,  having  served 
for  some  time  as  secretary  of  the  Republican  county  committee  of  Wau- 
kesha county.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Masonic  fraternity,  in  which  his 
maximum  membership  is  in  the  Waukesha  commandery  of  Knights 
Templar,  and  he  is  also  identified  with  the  local  organization  of  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He  is  zealous  in  the  support 
of  agencies  and  measures  tending  to  advance  the  fame  and  the  general 
welfare  of  W^aukesha  and  is  a  popular  factor  in  the  business  and  social 
circles  of  his  home  city. 

On  the  12th  of  May,  1900,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  ]\Ir.  Jones 
to  Miss  Ella  A.  Tefft,  of  Warren,  Illinois,  and  they  have  one  child, 
Logan  A. 

It  is  but  consistent  to  enter  in  conclusion  of  this  review  a  brief  rec- 
ord concerning  the  celebrated  Bethesda  Spring,  the  water  of  which  has 
gained  world-wide  reputation  in  connection  with  the  curing  of  certain 
elasses  of  diseases,  especially  those  of  the  kidneys  and  bladder.  To 
Colonel  Richard  Dunbar  is  due  the  credit  of  the  discovery  of  the  defi- 
nite therapeutic  properties  of  the  water  from  the  Bethesda  Spring,  this 
discovery  having  been  made  by  him  in  1868,  although  for  years  prior 
to  that  time  the  Indians  had  drunk  of  the  water  with  marked  benefit. 
Colonel  Dunbar,  who  was  by  vocation  a  railroad  contractor  and  who  had 
spent  many  years  in  South  America,  was  considered  a  hopeless  invalid, 
suffering  from  diabetes.  His  wife's  mother,  Mrs.  William  Clarke,  a 
resident  of  "Waukesha,  was  fatally  ill  in  this  village  and  he  and  his  wife 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1493 

were  summoned  to  her  bedside.  The  colouel  himself  was  in  a  most 
despondent  mood,  for  the  most  noted  physicians  of  the  day  had  told  him 
that  he  had  but  a  few  months  to  live.  His  skin  was  like  parchment,  and 
no  perspiration  had  come  from  his  pores  for  months.  On  the  9th  of 
August,  1868,  he  was  taken  out  for  a  drive  and  upon  passing  the  spring 
he  requested  a  cup  of  water,  which  was  given  him.  In  fact  he  drank 
nine  cupfulls  and  almost  immediately  he  began  to  perspire.  Upon' 
arriving  home  he  was  put  to  bed  and  he  soon  fell  asleep, — the  first  nor- 
mal sleep  he  had  obtained  for  a  long  period.  Upon  awakening  he  called 
for  more  water,  and  he  continued  to  drink  it  whenever  thirsty.  From 
that  time  his  recovery  was  rapid,  and  he  lived  for  a  long  time  afterward, 
his  appreciation  having  been  such  that  he  purchased  an  interest  in  the 
spring  that  prolonged  his  life. 

In  the  autumn  of  1868  the  water  was  first  sold  for  medicinal  pur- 
poses, and  it  has  been  continuously  on  the  market  since  that  time.  The 
business  of  bottling  and  selling  in  large  quantities  was  initiated  in 
1878^  and  the  water  is  now  consumed  in  all  parts  of  the  United  States 
and  in  many  Canadian  and  European  cities.  In  1912  many  thousands 
of  bottles  of  the  water  were  gold,  and  the  business  is  constantly  increas- 
ing. The  greatest  care  is  taken  to  furnish  the  w^ater  in  a  pure  and 
unadulterated  state  and  therefore  it  is  sold  only  in  new  bottles  tilled  at 
the  spring  with  a  seal  over  each  cork.  One  hundred  fifty-five  thousand 
bottles  are  filled  each  day  and  the  supply  is  unlimited,  and  the  water 
has  the  endorsement  of  the  medical  profession,  the  while  testimonials 
to  its  wonderful  efficiency  have  been  received  by  many  of  the  most  dis- 
tinguished men  of  the  nation,  especially  in  commending  it  as  a  great 
remedy  for  all  kidney  and  bladder  diseases  including  diabetes  and 
Bright 's  disease.  According  to  government  reports  there  is  more  Beth- 
esda  sold  for  medicinal  purposes  than  any  other  American  water. 

Bethesda  Park,  in  which  the  spring  is  located,  is  the  most  beautiful 
spot  in  Waukesha,  as  well  as  most  popular  with  the  thousands  of  visit- 
ors to  the  noted  resort.  Within  a  hundred  miles  of  Chicago  and  less 
than  twenty  from  j\Iilwaukee,  residents  of  those  cities  are  always  present 
in  large  numbers,  and  as  a  summer  resort  for  southerners  Waukesha 
rivals  the  reputation  of  Saratoga  in  the  days  before  the  Civil  war.  The 
Terrace  hotel,  controlled  by  the  company,  is  modern  in  every  appoint- 
ment and  department  of  service  and  offers  a  most  attractive  place  for 
rest  and  recreation  under  ideal  conditions,  the  hotel  and  the  park  con- 
stituting one  of  the  greatest  and  most  popular  summer  resorts  in  the 
entire  country.  The  president  of  the  Bethesda  Company  has  an  able 
and  valued  coadjutor  in  its  secretary,  Amy  L.  Vincent. 

Hon.  David  Evan  Roberts.  High  on  the  roll  of  Wisconsin's  dis- 
tinguished citizens  is  found  the  name  of  Hon.  David  Evan  Roberts,  ex- 
Probate  Judge  of  Douglas  county,  whose  distinctive  preferment  at  the 


1494  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

bar  and  on  the  bench  was  attained  through  methods  that  qualify  him 
for  the  proud  American  title  of  a  self-made  man.  Judge  Roberts'  career 
has  been  characterized  by  episodes  that  have  marked  the  lives  of  many 
of  our  leading  statesmen  and  jurists.  Of  honorable  but  humble  origin, 
with  early  advantages  that  were  made  conspicuous  by  their  absence,  he 
was  forced  to  face  the  world  at  an  early  age,  illy  fitted  with  educational 
training  but  with  a  superabundance  of  ambition,  energy  and  determina- 
tion. With  these  as  his  sole  assets,  he  perseveringly  fought  his  way  up, 
step  by  step,  to  a  position  of  prestige  in  his  chosen  profession  and  to  a 
place  in  public  confidence  attained  by  but  few  men.  His  career  is  one 
worthy  of  emulation  by  the  youth  of  any  land  or  day. 

David  Evan  Roberts  was  born  at  Florence,  Oneida  county.  New 
York,  January  18,  1854,  and  is  a  son  of  Hugh  and  Jane  (Evans)  Rob- 
erts. His  father,  born  in  Denbighshire,  North  of  "Wales,  emigrated  to 
the  United  States  in  1848,  locating  on  a  farm  in  Oneida  county,  New 
York,  on  which  he  spent  thirteen  years,  subsequently  removing  to  Lewis 
county,  New  York,  and  when  in  advanced  years,  in  1894,  coming  to 
Superior,  Wisconsin,  where  he  made  his  home  with  his  son.  Judge  Rob- 
erts, until  his  death,  February  12,  1903.  ,He  was  buried  at  Constable- 
ville,  New  York.  His  wife,  who  was  also  born  in  the  North  of  Wales, 
and  who  came  to  this  country  with  her  parents  in  1839  as  a  child, 
passed  away  in  New  York  State  in  1886,  being  in  her  fifty-sixth  year. 
They  were  the  parents  of  six  children,  of  whom  David  E.  was  the  eldest, 
and  of  these  four  still  survive. 

The  oldest  of  his  father's  children,  David  E.  Roberts  was  forced  to 
devote  the  greater  part  of  his  boyhood  and  youth  to  the  work  of  the 
home  place,  and  his  attendance  in  the  district  school  was  limited  to 
short  periods  when  his  father  could  spare  him  from  the  thousand  and 
one  tasks  that  mark  the  busy  farmer's  existence.  Even  at  that  early 
date,  however,  the  lad  determined  upon  a  career  apart  from  agricul- 
tural life,  and  made  the  most  of  every  opportunity  that  presented  itself, 
eventually  succeeding  in  completing  a  course  at  the  Potsdam  (New 
York)  Normal  school,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1878.  Following  this, 
he  spent  two  years  at  Cornell  University  earning  the  means  whereby  to 
pursue  his  studies  by  intervals  of  labor  at  carpentering,  bark-peeling 
and  school  teaching,  and  in  the  spring  of  1880.  deciding  that  better  op- 
portunities awaited  him  in  the  West,  made  his  way  to  the  State  of  Kan- 
sas. Shortly  thereafter,  he  continued  on  as  far  as  Colorado  Springs,  Colo- 
rado, but  his  meager  capital  had  dwindled  to  but  a  dollar  or  two  in  cur- 
rency. His  indomitable  energy  and  willingness  to  apply  himself  to 
whatever  honorable  employment  could  be  found,  however,  were  still 
with  him,  and  he  soon  secured  employment  in  a  stone  quarry,  where, 
forty-eight  hours  later,  his  evident  industry  and  intelligence  had  won 
him  the  position  of  foreman.  Although  this  work  was  anything  but 
agreeable  to  the  youth  who  had  set  as  his  goal  a  high  professional  posi- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1495 

tion,  he  philosophically  accepted  it  as  but  a  means  to  a  desired  end,  and 
by  the  completion  of  six  months  found  himself  in  position  of  sufficient 
funds  with  which  to  go  to  Ann  Arbor,  Michigan.  In  November,  1881, 
with  other  aspirants,  he  appeared  before  the  Circuit  Court  at  Ann 
Arbor  and  was  one  of  the  successful  four  (three  men  and  one  woman) 
out  of  eighty-three  applicants  who  were  then  and  there  admitted  to 
practice  before  the  Michigan  bar. 

Judge  Roberts  continued  his  law  course  in  the  University  of  Mich- 
igan, and  after  his  graduation,  in  1882,  located  in  Aberdeen,  South 
Dakota,  where  he  worked  at  carpenter  business  for  a  time,  later  going 
to  Castleton,  North  Dakota,  building  elevators,  for  which  he  was  paid 
twenty-five  cents  per  hour,  working  thus  week  days  and  Sundays.  In 
January,  1883,  he  went  to  Duluth,  Minnesota,  and  while  searching  for 
a  suitable  opening  noticed  an  article  in  a  Duluth  paper,  written  by 
James  Bardon,  which  told  of  the  opportunities  to  be  found  by  aspiring 
youths  in  the  city  of  Superior,  Wisconsin.  To  this  day.  Judge  Roberts 
maintains  that  this  was  the  beginning  of  the  change  in  his  fortunes. 
Coming  to  this  city  in  1883,  he  opened  a  modest  law  office,  but  was  far- 
sighted  enough  to  realize  that  a  remunerative  law  business  would  not 
come  without  a  struggle,  and  to  guard  against  any  possible  failure, 
with  its  accompanying  financial  embarrassments,  had  brought  along 
with  him  his  kit  of  carpenter  tools.  These  tools  still  remain  in  excel- 
lent condition,  having  never  been  used  to  this  day.  The  young  legist's 
abilities  were  almost  immediately  recognized  by  the  people  of  Superior, 
and  in  1884  he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  district  attorney.  In  1889 
he  received  the  appointment  from  Governor  Rusk  to  the  office  of  county^ 
judge  to  complete  the  unexpired  term  of  the  late  Judge  Richard  Bar- 
don, and  in  the  following  spring  was  elected  to  succeed  himself.  He 
continued  to  be  regularly  reelected  until  January,  1902,  and  can  point 
with  a  pardonable  degree  of  pride,  in  that  but  one  of  his  decisions  was 
ever  reversed  by  the  Supreme  Court.  His  legal  opinions  were  widely 
quoted  and  the  soundness  and  equity  of  his  decisions  were  never  ques- 
tioned. A  hard  student,  a  man  of  high  scholarship,  with  a  well-poised 
mind,  ever  ready  with  his  legal  knowledge,  his  was  a  representative  of 
the  highest  type  of  judicial  service.  Throughout  his  life  he  has  been  an 
active,  public  spirited  citizen,  fearless  in  his  positions,  gaining  enemies 
by  his  attitude  as  do  all  who  have  the  courage  of  their  convictions,  but 
commanding  respect  by  his  splendid  qualities  of  mind  and  heart.  He 
was  ever  noted  for  his  consistent  impartiality  and  his  great  love  of 
truth,  and  his  great  charity  has  caused  him  to  be  imposed  upon  by  those 
who  knew  of  his  willingness  to  freely  give  of  his  legal  knowledge  where 
he  was  convinced  that  payment  for  such  would  be  difficult.  During 
his  incumbency  he  probated  many  estates,  and  frequently  saved  bene- 
ficiaries thousands  of  dollars  by  wise  counsel,  offered  in  a  spirit  of 
friendliness,  not  as  a  lawyer,  but  as  one  whose  kindness  of  heart  prompt- 


1496  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

ed  him  to  give  needed  advice.  It  must  not  be  supposed,  however,  that 
Judge  Roberts  has  not  been  successful  as  a  business  man,  for  he  has 
made  wise  investments  and  has  accumulated  a  handsome  competence. 

Judge  Roberts  was  married  September  4.  1884,  to  ]\Iiss  Kate  Rhodes, 
who  was  born  in  Trempealeau  county,  Wisconsin,  daughter  of  John  and 
Mary  Rhodes.  She  was  educated  at  Winona  Normal  school  and  Cornell 
Univei-sity  and  before  her  marriage  was  engaged  in  teaching  school  at 
Winona,  Minnesota.  She  died  May  2,  1899,  at  the  age  of  forty-two 
years,  having  been  the  mother  of  eight  children:  Hugh  M.,  Helen  A., 
John  R.,  Jessie  L.,  Florence  J.,  Morgan,  David  W.,  and  Arthur  0. 

The  modern  family  residence  is  situated  at  No.  210  West  3d 
street,  Superior.  With  his  children.  Judge  Roberts  attends  the  Epis- 
copal Church,  and  his  fraternal  connections  are  with  Superior  Lodge 
No.  23,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  the  local  lodge  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias, 
in  the  latter  of  which  he  has  passed  all  the  chairs.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  school  board  for  four  years,  acted  as  a  member  of  the  library  board 
for  a  period  and  in  1894  became  an  aspirant  for  Congress,  but  met  with 
defeat  in  the  party  caucus. 

E.  L.  Shippee,  prominent  in  manufacturing  circles  in  Kenosha,  has 
been  a  resident  of  this  place  since  1900  when  he  came  here  to  accept 
a  position  with  the  Chicago-Kenosha  Hosiery  Co.  He  has  advanced 
steadily  in  business  activities  since  that  time,  and  today  has  a  leading 
place  among  the  foremost  manufacturing  men  of  the  community.  Mr. 
Shippee  is  a  native  son  of  Illinois,  born  in  McHenry  county,  that  state, 
on  February  17th,  1869,  a  son  of  L.  J.  and  H.  S.  (Hayes)  Shippee. 

L.  J.  Shippee  was  a  native  of  the  state  of  Vermont,  while  the  mother, 
a  cousin  of  Ex-President  Hayes,  claimed  New  York  as  her  birth  state. 
The  father  came  to  Illinois  in  1848  and  was  one  of  the  early  pioneers 
of  McHenry  county.  He  was  a  railroad  contractor  in  Vermont,  hav- 
ing assisted  in  building  the  Vermont  Central  Railway.  After  he  came 
west  he  engaged  in  mercantile  business  in  McHenry  county,  Illinois, 
carrying  on  that  business  successfully  for  some  years,  after  which  he 
turned  his  attention  to  farming.  Still  later  he  reverted  to  contracting 
and  building,  which  business  he  continued  up  to  the  time  of  his  retire- 
ment from  active  life.  He  was  the  father  of  seven  children.  Two  sons 
ajid  two  daughters  yet  survive  him.  He  held  a  number  of  county 
offices  as  a  resident  of  McHenry  county,  and  took  a  leading  place  in  his 
community,  where  he  was  known  as  a  man  of  stei'ling  qualities  and  as 
an  excellent  citizen.    He  died  in  1899. 

E.  L.  Shippee  attended  the  public  schools  of  McHenry  county,  up 
to  the  age  of  seventeen  years,  when  he  entered  Beloit  Academy  at 
Beloit,  Wisconsin.  Finishing  the  Academy  course  he  entered  Beloit 
College  and  was  graduated  from  that  institution  with  the  class  of  1892. 

Being  strong  and  active  physically  and  mentally,  Mr.  Shippee  en- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1497 

tered  largely  into  the  life  of  the  college.  He  was  a  noted  baseball  and 
football  player  and  was  recognized  as  one  of  the  foremost  college  ath- 
letes of  his  day. 

For  three  years  after  leaving  college  he  was  engaged  in  teaching 
school  in  Northern  Illinois.  He  then  abandoned  educational  work  for 
mercantile  activities,  and  after  two  years  in  that  connection  became 
treasurer  of  McHenry  county.  In  1900  he  came  to  Kenosha,  to  take 
charge  of  the  credit  and  collection  department  of  the  Chicago-Kenosha 
Hosiery  Co.,  known  as  the  largest  exclusive  manufacturers  of  hosiery  in 
America.  He  has  continued  with  that  concern,  advancing  steadily  in 
positions  of  responsibility.  In  1911  he  became  treasurer  of  the  com- 
pany,— a  position  he  still  retains  as  a  member  of  the  corporation.  He 
is  also  treasurer  of  the  Kenosha  Knitting  Company,  which  was  organ- 
ized and  incorporated  in  1909.  While  one  of  the  youngest  of  Kenosha 
industries,  this  concern  has  shown  remarkable  development.  Various 
kinds  of  knit  goods  are  manufactured.  A  trade  is  supplied,  extending 
from  coast  to  coast.  The  integrity  of  the  management  is  reflected  in 
the  confidence  of  the  dealers. 

Sprung  from  good  New  England  stock,  active,  energetic,  able  to 
profit  by  experience,  careful  in  his  estimates  and  expressions  of  opin- 
ion, Mr.  Shippee  has  been  looked  upon  as  a  most  excellent  citizen  and 
valued  member  of  the  community. 

He  was  for  five  years  a  director  in  the  local  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association.  He  is  a  member  of  Kenosha  Lodge  No.  47,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
and  also  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  at  Woodstock,  Illi- 
nois.   He  is  Republican  in  politics. 

On  October  10,  1900,  Mr.  Shippee  was  married  to  Miss  Adeline 
C.  Crumb,  daughter  of  J.  C.  Crumb,  a  pioneer  banker  of  Harvard, 
McHenry  county,  Illinois.  Two  children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Shippee :  Herbert  Crumb,  born  on  the  9th  of  December,  1905,  and 
Llewellyn  Hayes,  born  November  26th,  1909.  Mrs.  Shippee  is  treas- 
urer of  the  local  branch  of  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution. 

The  family  is  one  of  prominence  in  Kenosha  and  enjoys  a  leading 
position  in  social  circles  of  the  city. 

Martin  Bretl.  The  combination  of  human  attributes  which  yields 
success  in  many  fields,  although  an  unusual  one,  is  embodied  in  the 
subject  of  this  review.  The  department  store  business,  grain,  produce, 
finance— whatever  he  has  turned  his  hand  to,  all  have  shown  a  bal- 
ance on  the  right  side  of  the  ledger,  so  carefully  has  he  studied  and 
so  well  has  he  wrought,  while  his  prominence  in  public  affairs  and 
his  popularity  in  social  circles  further  evidence  his  versatility.  Mr. 
Bretl's  strides  to  success  are  the  result  of  hard  toil  and  struggle  in 
his  early  days  and  his  keen  business  methods  and  perseverance  in 
later  years.     Terminating  his  studies  in   the   district  schools,  he  was 


1498  HISTORY  OF  WISCOxNSlN 

not  auy  too  well  provided  with  education  with  which  to  enter  the 
great  field  of  business  endeavor,  but  his  dauntless  determination  and 
indomitable  spirit  overcame  all  obstacles  in  his  path,  and  today  he 
finds  himself  in  a  position  of  prominence  among  the  substantial  busi- 
ness men  of  his  adopted  city. 

Martin  Bretl  was  born  in  Manitowoc  county,  Wisconsin,  February 
10,  1860,  and  is  a  son  of  Joseph  Bretl,  one  of  the  early  settlers  of 
Manitowoc  county,  a  farmer  by  vocation,  later  of  Door  county,  and 
now  a  retired  resident  of  Chicago,  Illinois.  The  mother  died  at  the 
time  of  our  subject's  birth.  Martin  Bretl  remained  on  the  home  farm 
until  reaching  the  age  of  seventeen  years,  and  during  this  time 
attended  the  district  schools  for  three  winter  terms,  although  the 
greater  part  of  his  education  has  been  secured  through  reading  and 
association  with  the  business  world.  On  leaving  the  farm  he  came 
to  Algoma,  in  1877,  and  here  found  employment  in  the  general  store 
of  Samuel  Perry,  now  deceased,  with  whom  he  remained  for  nine 
years.  He  began  at  a  salary  of  twelve  dollars  a  month.  Upon  leaving 
Mr.  Perry,  Mr.  Bretl  became  a  partner  of  E.  Zander,  and  for  two 
years  conducted  a  store  under  the  style  of  E.  Zander  &  Company, 
and  when  his  partner  died  he  purchased  the  interests  of  his  heirs  and 
continued  the  business  alone  under  the  same  style  for  some  time. 
Later  the  business  was  incorporated  under  the  style  of  M.  Bretl  Co., 
but  after  two  years,  in  1910,  the  building  was  destroyed  by  fire.  Mr. 
Bretl  has  not  reentered  that  business,  although  he  rebuilt  the  store, 
which  is  now  leased  by  him  to  the  department  store  firm  of  Brey, 
Leishow  &  Company.  Mr.  Bretl  became  interested  in  the  produce 
business  in  1907,  in  which  year  he  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Algoma  Produce  Company,  dealers  in  cheese,  butter,  hides,  furs,  eggs, 
etc.,  which  has  become  one  of  Algoma 's  leading  industries.  Starting 
with  a  capital  of  $4,500,  the  business  has  since  been  incorporated  with 
a  capital  of  $30,000,  and  is  now  doing  an  annual  business  of  over 
$1,000,000,  maintaining  five  houses,  the  Main  office  being  at  Algoma 
and  the  branches  at  Kewaunee,  Denmark,  Gillette  and  Sawyer.  The 
officers  are  B.  Thiard,  president;  F.  W.  Liderd,  vice-president;  E.  F. 
Campbell,  secretary  and  general  manager;  and  Martin  Bretl,  treas- 
urer. Mr.  Bretl  is  the  largest  stockholder,  and  devotes  a  large  part 
of  his  time  to  the  business,  but  concedes  much  of  the  success  of  the 
enterprise  to  the  earnest  and  well-directed  efforts  of  Mr.  Campbell, 
whose  knowledge  of  the  trade  is  extensive  and  whose  abilities  have 
been  proven  beyond  question.  Mr.  Bretl 's  connection  with  financial 
affairs  dates  back  to  the  time  when  the  Algoma  Bank  took  over  the 
interests  of  the  Decker  Estate,  at  which  time  he  was  made  vice-presi- 
dent. He  has  seen  the  institution  outgrow  the  old  quarters  and  move 
to  its  present  handsome  building,  one  of  the  finest  bank  structures  to 
be  found  in  Wisconsin  in  a  city  the  size  of  Algoma.     The  officials  of 


Q^^ 


-o-ou-^.   L/c^^<Je 


•     HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1499 

the  Bauk  of  Algoma  are:  August  Froemming,  president;  Martin 
Bretl,  vice-president;  A.  W.  Ilamaehek,  casliier,  and  J.  F.  Thiard, 
teUer;  and  August  Froemming,  Martin  Bretl,  Benoit  Thiard,  William 
Nesemann,  Sr.,  and  M.  L.  Reinhart,  directors.  The  capital  stock  and 
surplus  amount  to  $52,000,  and  the  men  who  are  connected  with  the 
institution  are  all  well  known  for  their  integrity  and  probity  in  busi- 
ness and  financial  life. 

Although  he  is  not  a  politician  in  the  generally  accepted  use  of 
the  term,  Mr.  Bretl  has  been  prominent  in  affairs  which  have  had  a 
direct  bearing  upon  the  interests  of  his  city,  and  has  served  efficiently 
as  a  member  of  the  council  and  in  the  office  of  mayor.  Such  are  the 
interesting  events  in  the  career  of  a  man  who  through  business  sagacity 
and  acumen  has  risen  to  a  commanding  position  in  this  locality's 
huaneial  and  industrial  circles.  He  is  a  man  universally  liked  by  all 
who  are  acquainted  with  him.  Although  at  all  times  a  busy  man  he  is 
always  approachable.  Public-spirited  and  progressive,  no  movement 
for  the  real  advancement  of  the  city  is  launched  that  does  not  receive 
his  active  and  hearty  cooperation. 

In  1882  Mr.  Bretl  was  married  to  Miss  Ella  McCosky,  daughter  of 
the  late  Frank  McCosky.  Four  children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Bretl,  namely :  Lydia,  who  married  Spencer  D.  Kelly,  of  Ann 
Arbor,  Michigan,  and  has  one  child.  Gene  Ellen;  Frank  J.,  who  mar- 
ried Evelyn  Martin  and  resides  in  Chicago,  Illinois ;  and  Raymond  and 
Gertrude,  who  reside  at  home  with  their  parents. 

Anson  S.  Pierce.  The  history  of  Wisconsin's  citizenship  shows  that 
the  lumber  industry  developed  many  remarkable  men,  whose  names 
would  crowd  any  list  short  or  long  of  the  state's  notables.  It  is  like- 
wise true  that  men  of  exceptional  resources,  energy,  and  business  en- 
terprise have  been  the  chief  factors  in  the  development  of  the  lumber 
interest.  Esi^ecially  in  the  later  generation  of  lumbermen  have  ap- 
peared men  of  tried  and  seasoned  ability  and  successful  experience 
from  many  states  and  districts  outside  of  Wisconsin,  and  have  in- 
fused personal  power  and  financial  capital  into  the  constant  conflict 
with  the  giants  of  the  forest  in  supplying  the  world's  demand  for 
lumber. 

These  men,  aftereomers,  as  compared  with  those  pioneer  captains 
of  the  industi*y  whose  activities  are  rapidly  becoming  memories  have 
brought  with  them  new  ideas  and  new  methods.  These  modern  rulers 
of  Wisconsin's  timber  resources — and  their  number  include  promi- 
nently Anson  S.  Pierce  of  Rhinelander — have  all  been  specialists,  have 
all  applied  themselves  to  one  branch  of  the  complicated  business  in- 
volved in  the  manifold  processes  between  a  standing  monarch  of  the 
forest,  and  the  finished  timber  laid  on  the  ground  ready  to  become 
part  of  a  building  construction.     Lumber  history  records  few  succes- 


1500  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

sors  in  its  line,  disassociated  from  specialization ;  without  research  an 
exception  is  not  easy  to  locate.  Some  devoted  themselves  exclusively 
to  the  manufacture  of  hardwood :  some  to  rafting ;  some  to  planing- 
mill  activities;  some  to  engineering  work,  including  the  building  of 
railroads,  some  of  which  were  the  nucleus  of  great  transportation  sys- 
tems; some  to  the  exploitation  of  hemlock,  of  bass-wood,  of  Norway 
white  pine.  Of  the  last  named  a  conspicuous  specialist — conspicuous 
even  among  scores — who  has  accomplished  big  things  in  his  particular 
line  is  Anson  S.  Pierce  of  Rhinelander. 

With  some  exceptions — exceptions  that  are  notable  because  of  their 
rarity — those  lumbermen  who  have  made  a  marked  impress  upon  their 
trade  in  this  country  have  been  easterners,  by  birth  or  by  descent,  and 
they  have  been  graduated  for  the  most  part  from  the  forested  areas 
and  commercial  centers  of  the  New  England  states,  those  of  Maine 
especially.  Such  men  scattered  throughout  the  northern  timbered 
country,  culled  therefrom  its  best  in  their  line  and  then  went  south, 
and  later  to  the  Pacific  coast,  dominating  the  industry  wherever  they 
penetrated  and  elected  to  establish  bases  of  action.  A  fairly  faithful 
retrospect  of  this  achievement  in  the  lumber  trade  of  those  sections 
shows  them  to  have  been  largely  by  lumbermen  or  friends  of  lumber- 
men of  New  England  birth;  and  their  record  is  being  maintained  ro- 
bustly by  their  virile  descendants  of  today  in  all  sections  where  lum- 
ber manufacture  and  distribution  are  industriously  important. 

The  ancestry  of  Anson  S.  Pierce  goes  back  to  New  England  and 
to  revolutionary  times.  It  goes  farther,  to  the  passage  of  the  family 
to  this  coiintry  from  England  in  the  historic  Mayflower  and  to  indis 
putable  direct  descent  from  Sir  Walter  Raleigh.  The  Pierce  migration 
was  always  to  the  west.  The  first  of  the  name  to  whom  records  in 
this  country  give  prominence  is  Charles  S.  Pierce,  grandfather  of 
Anson  S.  Pierce.  In  his  generation  he  achieved  some  fame  as  a  strong 
political  leader  in  New  York  City.  To  him  is  accredited  ability  (with- 
out the  accompanying  stigma  of  later  years)  to  control  the  contem- 
porary political  situation  in  the  metropolis.  His  son  was  Charles  S. 
Pierce,  who  was  the  first  of  the  name  known  to  have  been  identified 
with  the  lumber  trade.  He  conducted  a  sawmill  enterprise  in  the 
vicinity  of  Bufi'alo,  New  York,  and  sold  lumber  at  wholesale.  He  is 
said  to  have  been  the  patentee  of  the  first  two-block  shingle  machine 
ever  invented.  His  wife,  the  mother  of  Anson  S.  Pierce  was  Elizabeth 
(Becker)  Pierce,  who  was  born  in  Coopertown,  New  York,  July  29, 
1831,  and  died  April  16,  1869.  In  Buffalo,  New  York,  was  born  iVnson 
S.  Pierce,  December  22,  1859.  He  spent  practically  all  his  first  thirty 
years  in  his  native  city,  attending  its  common  schools  and  high  schools. 
At  the  conclusion  of  his  school  days,  with  characteristic  energy,  he 
entered  at  once  into  the  ranks  of  bread-winners.  At  seven  o'clock  on 
the  morning  following  his  last  day  in  school  he  Avas  at  work  for  a  local 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1501 

lumber  firm,  with  which  he  served  an  apprenticeship  of  one  month. 
F.  H.  Goodyear  &  Company  then  took  him  in  their  employ,  but  after  a 
year,  he  became  connected  with  a  lumber  manufacturer  at  North  Tona- 
wanda.  New  York,  as  traveling  salesman.  That  was  his  vocation  for 
some  years,  and  during  that  time  he  became  a  thoroughly  practical 
lumber  man,  well  grounded  in  all  phases  of  the  business.  Following 
the  family  tradition,  Mr.  Pierce  next  came  west  to  Rhinelander,  Wis- 
consin, where  he  opened  an  office  for  the  North  Tonawanda  principals. 
He  acquired  an  interest  in  their  business  in  Wisconsin,  pushed  the 
firm's  trade,  and  in  every  way  proved  himself  an  aggressive  and  valu- 
able man  both  to  his  company  and  to  himself.  About  1903  he  had  be- 
come thoroughly  established  in  the  lumber  trade  of  Wisconsin. 

At  that  time  the  natural  resources  of  the  Wisconsin  lumber  area 
were  regarded  as  practically  unlimited,  and  with  his  exceptional 
acumen  Mr.  Pierce  determined  to  concentrate  his  attention  and  activi- 
ties to  that  phase  of  specialization  which  since  has  and  now  does 
give  him  much  prominence  in  the  northern  lumber  trade^ — specializa- 
tion in  white  pine.  Intelligent,  continuous  review  of  trade  conditions 
convinced  him  that  in  handling  exclusively  the  higher  grades  of  white 
pine  lay  big  business  possibilities,  and  with  a  man  of  Mr.  Pierce's 
mental  caliber,  determination  meant  prompt  action.  He  began  to  ac- 
cumulate and  handle  the  best  white  pine  cut,  at  first  almost  experi- 
mentally, but  as  the  consuming  trade  learned  that  his  j^ears  at  Rhine- 
lander,  where  he  had  entered  into  business  exclusively  on  his  own  ac- 
count, were  a  certain  source  of  the  choicest  grades  of  white  pine,  his 
business  grew  to  an  extent  that  would  have  embarrassed  the  resources 
of  a  less  resourceful  man.  It  has  reached  a  point  where  he  now  han- 
dles an  average  of  about  twenty  million  feet  of  white  pine  lumber 
of  the  highest  grade.  This  output  is  shipped  largely  to  the  east,  and 
a  large  proportion  of  it  goes  to  satisfy  an  export  trade,  which  Mr. 
Pierce  has  dex^eloped  through  cultivation  of  a  reputation  for  handling 
only  the  better  qualities  of  white  pine. 

Mr.  Pierce  guarded  his  reputation  as  a  dealer  in  high  grade  white 
pine  so  jealously  that  in  a  short  time  after  he  undertook  a  special 
brand,  his  trade  largely  took  care  of  itself,  and  allowed  him  oppor- 
tunity for  attention  to  other  woods.  In  1908  he  organized  the  firm 
of  Danielson  &  Pierce.  The  chief  industry  of  this  concern  is  the  han- 
dling of  hardwood  lumber,  and  it  has  turned  over  the  stock  of  northern 
mills  to  the  extent  of  between  five  million  and  six  million  feet  each 
year.  It  has  offices  in  Rhinelander,  and  a  branch  office  in  Chicago. 
The  Pierce  product  in  both  white  pine  and  hardwood  are  recognized 
wherever  introduced  as  of  always  reliably  high  grade  and  faithful 
to  all  representations  made  of  them.  The  foresight  that  induced  Mr. 
Pierce  to  specialize  has  resulted  in  the  establishment  of  a  reputation 


1502  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

that  insures  success  in  his  constantly  enlarging  business  with  domestic 
and  foreign  consumers. 

A  feature  of  the  Pierce  business  at  Rliinelander  complementing  the 
high  character  of  the  stock  carried  is  the  ability  of  the  yard  to  meet 
the  demands  immediately  upon  their  receipt. 

Mr.  Pierce  finds  his  greatest  pleasure  in  his  home.  He  has  a  beau- 
tiful residence  in  Rliinelander  and  has  also  built  a  summer  home  on 
Moen's  Lake.  Mr.  Pierce's  marriage  was  the  culmination  of  a  pretty 
little  romance.  In  li)03,  while  in  Denver,  Colorado,  Mr.  Pierce  was 
taken  ill,  and  so  seriously  that  his  illness  required  the  attention  of  a 
trained  nurse,  Clara  P.  Severson,  a  resident  of  Denver,  and  a  native 
of  Cincinnati,  Ohio.  Her  gentle  ministrations  were  so  effective,  that, 
as  Mr.  Pierce  expressed  it,  he  "gave  her  a  life  job"  beginning  with 
theii'  wedding  six  months  after  the  acquaintanceship  was  formed. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pierce  have  one  daughter,  Florence.  Politically  Mr. 
Pierce  is  a  Republican,  but  has  shown  no  evidence  of  political  aspira- 
tion. Though  too  busy  to  indulge  much  in  recreation  he  occasionally 
yields  to  a  hobby  for  blooded  horses.  He  delights  in  outdoor  life,  and 
secures  it  largelj^  through  the  use  of  two  high-power  automobiles  and 
power  boat.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  has  al- 
ways made  his  religion  practical  in  the  conduct  of  his  business. 

August  Froemming.  The  standing  of  every  community  is  meas- 
ured in  large  degree  by  the  character  of  its  financial  institutions,  for 
unless  they  are  stable  and  possess  the  confidence  and  support  of  the 
people,  the  credit  of  the  municipality  and  its  citizens  is  impeached. 
The  Algoma  Bank,  of  Algoma,  Wisconsin,  is  an  institution  which  grew 
out  of  the  needs  of  its  locality,  and  was  organized  by  men  of  im- 
pregnable business  and  financial  standing,  whose  interests  have  been 
centered  in  it  and  whose  honor  and  personal  fortunes  are  bound  up 
in  its  life.  Among  these  men  is  found  August  Froemming,  its  active 
directing'  head,  and  a  decided  factor  in  the  business  life  of  Algoma  as 
the  senior  partner  of  the  large  grain  firm  of  August  Froemming  &  Son. 
Mr.  Froemming  is  one  of  his  community's  self-made  men.  He  was 
born  in  the  Province  of  Pomerania,  Prussia,  Germany,  October  6, 
1842,  and  is  a  son  of  Carl  and  Engel  (Sehultz)  Froemming.  The  par- 
ents, with  their  son  and  daughter,  emigrated  to  the  United  States  in 
1857,  and  first  located  at  Milwaukee,  Wisconsin,  where  the  father 
died  shortly  afterward,  leaving  the  family  in  straitened  financial  cir- 
cumstances, and  the  widow  subseciuently  took  lier  children  to  what 
was  then  Wolfe  River,  and  located  on  a  farm  in  the  woods  of  Kewau- 
nee county,  where  her  death  occurred. 

August  Froemming  was  a  lad  of  fourteen  years  when  he  accom- 
panied his  parents  to  America.  He  had  attended  school  in  his  native 
land  and  had  there  been  confirmed,  and  after  coming  to  this  country 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1503 

spent  a  short  time  in  the  schools  of  Milwaukee.  The  death  of  his 
father,  however,  curtailed  his  education,  and  he  early  started  to  work 
to  assist  his  mother  in  running  the  household.  He  was  about  seven- 
teen years  old  when  he  came  to  Kewaunee  county,  and  at  that  time 
Wolfe  River  (later  Ahpanee,  and  now  Algoma)  was  a  small  hamlet. 
With  youthful  enthusiasm  and  energy  he  started  to  clear  the  timber 
from  the  eighty-acre  farm,  and  there  continued  to  follow  agricultural 
pursuits  for  some  fourteen  years.  Disposing  of  his  property  at  the 
end  of  that  period,  he  came  to  Algoma  and  opened  a  small  general 
store,  which  he  conducted  for  twenty-one  years,  building  up  an  excel- 
lent business.  This  enterprise  he  sold  to  George  Warner,  and  for 
two  years  enjoyed  a  well-earned  vacation,  visiting  points  in  California 
and  other  places  of  interest.  It  was  not  in  Mr.  Froemming's  nature 
to  remain  long  idle,  however, — his  spirit  was  too  energetic — and  he 
soon  longed  for  the  activities  of  business  life.  Accordingly,  upon  his 
return  to  Algoma  he  established  himself  in  the  grain  business,  and  in 
this,  as  in  his  other  ventures,  he  has  met  with  gratifying  success. 
Subsequently,  when  his  sou  Frank  was  admitted  to  the  firm,  the  style 
became  August  Froemming  &  Son,  and  as  such  it  has  continued  to  the 
present  time,  having  won  high  standing  in  the  grain  trade  in  Wis- 
consin. At  this  time  a  branch  is  maintained  at  Forestville,  which  is 
managed  by  Frank  Froemming,  while  the  father  remains  in  personal 
charge  of  the  Algoma  house.  At  the  time  the  Bank  of  Algoma  took 
over  the  interests  of  the  Decker  Estate,  which  included  a  string  of 
banks  which  had  been  long  established  at  Sturgeon  Bay,  Algoma  and 
other  Northern  Wisconsin  points,  Mr.  Froemming  was  elected  presi- 
dent, and  in  this  capacity  he  has  continued  to  act  to  the  present  time. 
He  has  popularized  the  coffers  of  the  institution,  and  his  known  integ- 
rity and  honor  have  gained  and  retained  the  confidence  of  the  public. 
Recently,  this  bank  erected  a  handsome  building,  of  stone,  which  is 
second  to  none  in  the  state  for  a  city  the  size  of  Algoma.  This  bank, 
established  in  1881,  has  been  under  the  supervision  of  the  State  Bank- 
ing Department  since  1898,  and  is  a  United  States  depository  for 
Postal  Savings  Funds.  The  statement  of  the  bank's  condition  as 
stated  April  18,  1912,  was  as  follows :  Resources :  Loans  and  Dis- 
counts, $440,191.77;  Overdrafts,  $3,430.02;  Bonds,  $61,000.00;  Furni- 
ture and  Fixtures,  $2,980.00;  Real  Estate,  $3,550.00;  Cash,  Cash  Items 
and  Due  from  Banks,  $75,517.62;  Total,  $586,669.41.  Liabilities:  Capi- 
tal Stock,  $25,000.00;  Surplus,  $27,000.00;  Undivided  Profits,  $728.54: 
Deposits,  $533,940.87;  Total,  $586,669.41.  The  officials  of  the  insti- 
tution are:  August  Froemming,  president;  Martin  Bretl,  vice-presi- 
dent ;  A.  W.  Hamachek,  cashier,  and  J.  F.  Thiard,  teller ;  and  August 
Froemming,  Martin  Bretl,  Benoit  Thiard,  William  Nesemann,  Sr.,  and 
M.  L.  Reinhart,  directors. 

Mr.  Froemming  was  married  in  1866  to  Miss  Carolina  Pflughoeft, 


1504  HISTORY  OF  WTSCONSTX 

who  died  leaving  two  children :  Frank,  who  married  Susan  Carrie, 
and  is  the  father  of  two  children :  Helen  and  Eugene ;  and  Emma,  who 
married  August  Busse  and  has  two  children,  Warren  and  ^largaret. 
Mv.  Froemming's  second  marriage  was  to  Miss  Bertha  Leisehow,  and 
they  have  had  four  children :  Mary,  who  married  Rev.  Charles  Bulley, 
and  has  two  children,  Kenneth  and  Edward ;  and  the  Misses  Lydia, 
Esther  and  Ruth  Froemming.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Froemming  are  consistent 
members  of  the  German  Methodist  church.  They  have  a  wide  acquaint- 
ance and  many  friends  in  Algoma  and  their  pleasant  home  is  located 
next  to  the  training  school,  on  Fremont  street. 

Hon.  Melvin  W.  Perry.  In  the  annals  of  Wisconsin's  history 
instances  are  not  lacking  of  men  who  have  risen  from  humble  circum- 
stances and  obscurity  to  positions  of  eminence  in  the  world  of  busi- 
ness and  politics.  It  is  doubtful,  however,  if  there  are  many  cases 
which  parallel  the  career  of  the  Hon.  Melvin  W.  Perry,  mayor  of 
Algoma,  state  senator,  president  of  the  Citizens  Bank  and  manager 
of  the  Ahnapee  Veneer  and  Seating  Company.  There  is  something 
intensely  attractive  in  the  life  of  a  man  who  through  sheer  ability  and 
indomitable  energy  works  his  way  up  from  the  ranks  to  the  forefront 
among  the  successful  men  of  his  day  and  locality,  and  as  an  excellent 
example  of  self-made  American  manhood,  Mr.  Perry's  achievements 
will  prove  interesting  no  less  to  the  general  public  than  to  the  student 
of  biography. 

Melvin  W.  Perry  (or  "Mel,"  as  he  is  more  familiarly  known  to  his 
friends)  was  born  February  26,  1864,  at  Racine,  Wisconsin,  although 
the  family  home  was  located  at  Algoma,  and  is  a  son  of  William  X. 
and  Sophronia  (Beach)  Perry.  His  father,  a  native  of  Vermont,  grew 
up  in  that  state,  and  after  securing  a  public  school  education  took 
up  the  study  of  medicine,  which,  however,  he  was  forced  to  abandon 
after  two  years  on  account  of  ill  health.  During  the  early  fifties  he 
came  to  the  West,  locating  in  Illinois,  where  he  found  employment 
on  the  farm  of  Doctor  Newton,  who  was  a  large  landholder  in  the 
Prairie  state  and  also  the  owner  of  considerable  timber  property  ili 
Wisconsin.  Mr.  Perry  worked  on  one  of  Doctor  Newton's  farms  for 
a  time  and  was  then  sent  to  Clay  Banks,  Wisconsin,  to  build  a  mill 
for  his  employer,  following  which  he  was  employed  in  helping  to  build 
the  mill  at  Algoma  for  the  Hall  brothers,  this  being  the  first  mill  at 
this  place.  Mr.  Perry  then  engaged  in  business  on  his  own  account 
as  the  proprietor  of  a  chair  factory,  but  when  the  Civil  War  broke 
out  he  closed  his  place  of  business  and  enlisted  in  Company  K, 
Twenty-first  Regiment,  Wisconsin  Volunteer  Infantry.  At  his  first 
fight,  the  battle  of  Perryville,  he  was  wounded  and  captured  by  the 
Confederates,  but  was  later  paroled.  In  that  same  year  (1863)  he 
was  married  to  Miss  Sophronia  Beach,  who   was  born   at  London. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1505 

Ontario,  Canada.  Upon  his  return  to  the  ranks  of  peace,  Mr.  Perry 
again  resumed  operations  in  his  chair  factory  at  Algoma,  which  he 
continued  to  conduct  until  1871.  At  that  time  he  disposed  of  his 
interests  and  invested  his  capital  in  a  drug  business,  and  was  identi- 
fied with  this  enterprise  until  his  death  at  Algoma  in  1878,  when 
he  was  forty-five  years  of  age.  The  mother  passed  away  when  thirty- 
nine  years  old.  "William  and  Sophronia  (Beach)  Perry  were  the  par- 
ents of  four  children :  Melvin  W.,  of  this  review ;  William  H. ; 
Minnie  J.,  who  became  the  wife  of  M.  Kwapil,  and  Willard  N. 

The  educational  advantages  of  Melvin  W.  Perry  were  not  of  an 
extensive  nature,  being  limited  to  attendance  at  the  public  schools  of 
Algoma  "off  and  on"  until  he  was  fifteen  years  of  age.  At  that  time 
he  took  up  carpentering  and  the  millwright  trade,  and  in  1886  went 
to  Sheboygan,  where  he  entered  the  employ  of  a  Mr.  Frost,  who  at 
that  time  conducted  a  veneer  factory  there.  Young  Perry  had  been 
employed  for  a  short  time  previous  at  Sheboygan,  but  he  had  been 
unfortunate  enough  to  become  involved  in  a  "sympathy  strike"  and 
left  his  position  rather  than  work  against  his  fellow-laborers.  His 
finances  becoming  quite  low,  at  the  suggestion  of  a  friend  he  started 
for  the  Frost  plant  to  apply  for  work.  On  his  way,  he  was  compelled 
to  cross  a  small  stream  to  get  to  the  factory,  and  on  his  way  over 
slipped  and  fell,  breaking  through  the  ice.  Nothing  daunted  by  this 
mishap,  he  continued  sti-aight  ahead  and  with  dripping  clothing  entered 
the  offices  and  asked  for  employment.  Mr.  Frost  did  not  need  any 
hands  at  that  time,  but,  being  evidently  impressed  favorably  by  the 
determination  of  the  young  man,  as  demonstrated  by  his  appearing 
in  his  wet  clothing  instead  of  turning  back  for  a  change,  put  him  on 
the  payroll  at  the  salaiy  of  $1.25  per  day,  as  a  laborer.  It  was  not 
"down  on  the  books"  for  Mr.  Perry  to  remain  long  in  that  humble 
capacity,  however,  for  he  not  only  had  a  good  kit  of  tools  but  soon 
demonstrated  his  knowledge  of  their  use,  and  by  the  time  his  first  year 
had  passed  he  was  occupying  the  position  of  foreman.  He  remained 
in  that  position  for  five  years,  and  then,  at  the  solicitation  of  several 
Algoma  friends,  returned  to  this  place  and  became  one  of  the  organ- 
izers of  the  Ahuapee  Veneer  and  Seating  Company.  This  business  was 
later  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  the  state,  with  a  capital  of  $25,000, 
and  the  following  officers :  Samuel  Perrj^,  president ;  John  Ihlenf eld, 
vice-president;  M.  T.  Parker,  secretary;  D.  W.  StefEens,  treasurer;  and 
M.  W.  Perry,  manager.  This  concern  has  erected  a  large,  three-story, 
brick  plant  along  the  Green  Bay  and  Western  Railroad,  at  Algoma, 
and  here  are  employed  140  mechanics,  more  than  any  other  concern 
in  the  thriving  city  of  Algoma.  In  1902  a  branch  was  established  at 
Birchwood,  which  is  under  the  superintendency  of  P.  M.  White  and 
employs  60  men.  In  his  management  of  the  afi'airs  of  this  industry, 
Mr.  Perry  has  displayed  business  ability  of  the  highest  order.     He 


1506  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

has  increased  the  extent  of  the  business  materially  each  year  and  the 
concern  stands  high  in  its  rating  in  industrial  circles  of  the  state.  In 
addition  Mr.  Perry  is  interested  in  the  coal  business  with  Henry  Grimm, 
under  the  firm  style  of  the  Algoma  Fuel  Company.  In  October,  1911, 
he  became  identified  with  financial  matters  as  one  of  the  organizers  of 
the  Citizens  Bank,  which  now  occupies  a  handsome  structure  in  the 
heart  of  the  business  district,  and  this  institution  is  known  as  one  of 
the  most  substantial  and  conservative  in  Kewaunee  county.  He  has 
a  firm  grasp  upon  financial  matters,  and  as  the  directing  head  of  this 
bank  is  widely  known  in  this  section.  The  capital  and  surplus  (over) 
of  the  Citizens  Bank  are  $60,000,  it  is  always  under  the  rigid  super- 
vision of  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  and  is  the  United  States  depository 
for  the  Postal  Savings  Fund.  The  officers  are :  M.  W.  Perry,  president ; 
Frank  Slaby,  vice-president;  C.  F.  Boedecker,  cashier,  and  M.  W. 
Perry,  Frank  Slaby,  John  L.  Haney,  Henry  Grimm,  Walter  E.  Eaiospe, 
C.  Capelle  and  Ernest  Bruemmer,  directors.  In  addition  to  his  com- 
fortable home  in  Algoma,  Mr.  Perry  is  the  owner  of  a  small  farm  adja- 
cent to  the  city. 

In  the  field  of  polities  Mr.  Perry  has  been  active  and  influential.  A 
supporter  of  Republican  principles,  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  state  con- 
ventions of  1898,  1902  and  1904,  and  was  alternate  to  the  national 
convention,  held  in  Chicago  in  1904.  In  1910  he  became  a -candidate 
for  the  mayoralty  of  Algoma  and  has  continued  to  serve  in  that  capac- 
ity since.  In  1910  Mr.  Perry  was  elected  state  senator,  receiving  3,258 
votes  against  2,865  for  Leo  J.  Evans,  Democrat ;  2,298  for  Dr.  A.  J. 
Kreitzer,  Independent  Republican,  and  660  for  Dr.  N.  Z.  Wagner,  Social- 
ist Democrat.  His  public  service  has  ever  been  characterized  by  faith- 
ful performance  of  duty  and  high  ideals  of  the  responsibilities  of  pub- 
lic office.  In  spite  of  his  political  activities,  Mr.  Perry  is  more  of  a 
business  and  home  man  than  a  politician.  His  fraternal  connections 
are  limited  to  membership  in  the  Masonic  fraternity. 

In  1891  Mr.  Perry  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  J.  Esser,  of  Sheboygan, 
Wisconsin,  and  they  have  two  children :  William  E..  now  in  the  office 
of  the  Ahnapee  Veneer  and  Seating  Company;  and  Ralph  H..  a  sopho- 
more at  the  University  of  Wisconsin. 

Albert  B.  Leyse.  A  decided  factor  in  the  commercial  and  indus- 
trial life  of  Kewaunee  is  found  in  the  business  of  the  Aluminum  Sign 
Company,  which  has  been  developed  through  the  efforts  of  several  men 
of  energetic  spirit  and  modem  ideas.  The  president  of  this  concern, 
Albert  B.  Leyse,  has  not  alone  been  active  in  business  lines,  but  has 
rendered  his  community  able  and  public-spirited  service  in  the  office 
of  postmaster,  in  which  capacity  he  has  acted  since  March  22,  1911. 
Mr.  Leyse  was  born  at  Mason  City,  Iowa,  September  7,  1872,  and  is  a 
son  of  John  and  Mary  Leyse,  natives  of  Norway.     The  parents  were 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1507 

married  at  Lansing,  Iowa,  subsequently  went  to  Mason  City,  where  the 
father  followed  his  trade  of  carpenter,  and  in  1885  came  to  Wisconsin 
and  located  at  La  Crosse.  Later,  the  family  moved  to  Two  Rivers,  and 
there  the  father  passed  his  remaining  active  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Leyse  were  the  parents  of  six  children:  Albert  B.,  Norman,  John, 
Henry,  Angle,  who  married  Charles  Hansen,  and  Josephine,  who 
became  the  wife  of  Hans  Christensen. 

Albert  B.  Leyse,  or  "  Al"  as  he  is  familiarly  known  among  his  asso- 
ciates, was  a  boy  of  about  thirteen  years  of  age  when  the  family  came 
to  the  Badger  state.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Lansing, 
Iowa,  and  La  Crosse,  Wisconsin,  but  the  greater  part  of  bis  training  has 
been  secured  since  he  left  the  schoolroom.  When  still  a  lad  he  was 
employed  at  a  hotel,  making  the  trains  and  picking  up  such  honorable 
employment  as  presented  itself,  and  in  addition  worked  for  a  time  in 
a  shingle  mill  and  was  also  a  "lumber  jack"  for  a  short  period  in  the 
woods.  In  1889  he  moved  with  the  family  to  Two  Rivers,  Wisconsin, 
where  for  the  next  ten  years  he  worked  in  various  factories,  and  also 
was  made  city  clerk  and  served  in  that  capacity  for  four  years  from 
1896  to  1900.  About  the  year  1903,  he  entered  into  a  partnership  with 
Doctor  E.  J.  Soik,  and  engaged  in  a  very  modest  manner  in  the  manu- 
facture of  aluminum  advertising  specialties  at  Two  Rivers.  Two  years 
later  the  business  was  removed  to  Kewaunee,  and  at  that  time  Charles 
Metzner  bought  the  interest  of  Doctor  Soik,  he  holding  it  until  1910, 
when  he  sold  out  to  the  Leyse  brothers.  In  the  meantime,  in  1905,  the 
business  had  been  incorporated  as  the  Aluminum  Sign  Company,  and 
in  1910  the  capital  was  increased  to  its  present  size,  $15,000,  while  the 
officers  became:  A.  B.  Leyse,  president;  John  Leyse,  vice-president; 
Norman  Leyse,  se(fretary  and  treasurer ;  and  these  gentlemen  and  Henry 
Leyse,  directors.  Thirty  mechanics  are  employed  and  five  salesmen 
are  constantly  on  the  road.  The  product  of  this  company  consists 
of  aluminum  signs  and  aluminum  novelties,  such  as  calendars,  book- 
holders,  nail  files,  kitchen  reminders,  combs,  trade  checks,  watch  fobs, 
letter  openers,  card  cases,  collapsible  drinking  cups,  thermometers,  etc., 
in  fact,  anything  in  the  line  of  aluminum  goods.  In  the  management 
of  this  business  Mr.  Leyse  has  shown  himself  capable,  farseeing  and 
acute.  He  and  his  brothers  have  kept  abreast  of  the  times,  and  in 
conducting  their  affairs  work  under  the  "Do  It  Now"  idea.  Their 
signs  and  novelties  are  to  be  found  all  over  the  country,  and  in  no 
small  way  have  contributed  towards  attracting  attention  to  the  beauti- 
ful little  county  seat  of  Kewaunee  county. 

In  January,  1893,  Mr.  Leyse  was  married  to  ]Miss  Delia  Bebeau,  a 
native  of  Two  Rivers,  Wisconsin,  and  a  daughter  of  Mose  Bebeau,  who 
was  for  many  years  identified  with  the  lumber  industry  in  Wisconsin, 
having  been  a  camp  "cookie"  back  in  1855.    Five  children  have  been 


1508  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Leyse,  namely :     Viola,  Gertrude,  Riley,  Alice 
and  Dorothy. 

Lewis  M.  Evert.  One  of  the  progressive  and  able  young  attorneys 
of  Marinette  is  Lewis  M.  Evert,  who  established  himself  in  practice  here 
in  1905,  about  a  year  after  his  graduation  from  the  law  department  of 
the  University  of  Wisconsin,  in  June,  1904.  His  first  practice  was  con- 
ducted at  Wausaukee,  but  after  about  a  year  he  removed  to  JMarinette, 
and  his  continued  success  here  has  amply  rewarded  his  choice  of  a 
location. 

Born  in  Pewaukee,  in  Waukesha  county,  Wisconsin,  on  February 
12,  1876,  Lewis  M.  Evert  is  the  son  of  August  and  Elizabeth  (Wieder- 
man)  Evert.  The  father  was  a  farmer,  now  deceased,  who  came  to 
Wisconsin  in  1869  from  his  native  land,  Germany  being  his  birthplace 
as  well  as  that  of  the  mother.  They  came  to  America  at  about  the  same 
time,  but  were  married  in  their  new  homeland,  and  settled  on  a  farm 
in  Wausaukee  county.  There  Lewis  M.  Evert  was  born  and  reared, 
attending  the  district  schools,  and  when  he  had  advanced  sufficiently 
he  applied  himself  to  teaching  in  the  winter  terms  in  the  rural  district. 
Six  winters  he  passed  thus  occupied,  at  the  same  time  being  engaged 
in  carrying  on  his  studies  in  preparation  for  the  prosecution  of  a  law 
course  in  the  State  University,  his  plans  to  that  effect  having  been  early 
matured.  He  took  a  scientific  course  at  Carroll  College,  in  Waukesha, 
Wisconsin,  in  preparation  for  entrance  to  the  University,  and  in  1901 
he  entered  the  law  department,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  June. 
1904. 

Mr.  Evert  has  been  more  than  ordinarily  successful  in  his  legal  prac- 
tice since  coming  to  Marinette,  and  served  as  police  judge  of  Marinette 
from  May,  1909,  to  May,  1913,  rendering  a  service  in  that  capacity  that 
was  worthy  of  a  higher  court  and  showing  him  to  be  an  able  and  coming 
man  in  his  profession. 

On  October  18.  1909,  Mr.  Evert  was  married  to  Miss  Clara  Kuenzli, 
of  Pewaukee,  Wisconsin,  and  they  have  one  child, — Thomas  R.  Evert. 

Mr.  Evert  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows 
and  Eagles.  He  is  already  well  established  in  his  profession  in  the  city 
and  county,  and  gives  promise  of  a  useful  career  in  the  law,  as  well  as 
of  proving  himself  a  citizen  of  high  order  in  the  community  where  his 
best  efforts  are  exercised. 

Leo  J.  Evans.  A  resident  of  Marinette  since  1882,  Mr.  Evans  has 
a  place  in  business,  civic  and  social  affairs  in  the  prosperous  city  of 
northern  Wisconsin.  His  principal  attention  is  given  to  real  estate, 
mortgages,  loans,  abstracts,  and  other  departments  of  general  real 
estate  and  land  business,  but  his  interests  also  comprehend  many  other 
affairs.     Mr.  Evans  is  treasurer  of  the  Marinette  Development  Club, 


icrd 


'^J'<r-t_J^.^ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1509 

aud  is  a  director  in  the  Farmers  and  Merchants  Bank  of  Marinette. 

Born  in  Wolverhampton,  England,  December  8,  1858,  Mr.  Evans 
was  reared  aud  began  his  business  career  in  his  native  land,  coming  to 
Marinette  when  he  was  twenty-four  years  of  age.  In  1880  he  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Elizabeth  Read.  He  early  acquired  a  thorough  training  in 
mercantile  affairs,  and  finally  established  a  store  at  Birmingham,  Eng- 
land, but  sold  out  in  the  faU  of  1882,  and  came  to  America.  His  first 
settlement  was  at  Marinette,  where  he  opened  a  general  store  and  ran 
it  prosperously  until  1893.  Closing  out  his  mercantile  interests,  he 
then  entered  his  present  line  of  endeavor,  in  which  his  success  was 
immediate  and  has  been  steadily  growing. 

Mr.  aud  Mrs.  Evans  are  the  parents  of  two  children :  Emily  R.  is  the 
wife  of  John  A.  Faller  of  Marinette.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Faller  have  two  chil- 
dren, John  Evans  Faller,  and  Elizabeth  Pauline  Faller.  George  B. 
Evans,  the  son  and  second  child,  is  now  a  student  in  the  University  of 
Wisconsin  law  department.  Outside  of  business  Mr.  Evans  has  long 
been  prominent  in  politics,  and  in  religious  circles.  As  a  Democrat  he 
is  one  of  the  local  leaders,  though  his  residence  in  a  district  overwhelm- 
ingly Republican  has  precluded  any  participation  in  the  essential  hon- 
ors and  rewards  of  political  life.  Twice,  in  the  party  interest,  but  with- 
out any  expectation  of  success,  he  has  allowed  his  name  to  go  on  the 
Democratic  ticket  as  candidate  for  state  senate.  A  member  of  the  Cath- 
olic church,  ]\Ir.  Evans  has  been  prominent  in  that  organization  in  Mar- 
inette, and  has  filled  all  the  chairs  in  the  local  lodge  of  the  Knights  of 
Columbus.  As  a  popular  speaker  and  after-dinner  orator  he  is 
regarded  as  one  of  the  ablest  in  this .  section  of  the  state,  and  is  fre- 
quently designated  a  speaker  at  popular  gatherings  or  as  toastmaster 
in  special  meetings. 

Haery  W.  Bolens.  At  this  juncture  it  is  a  privilege  to  direct  atten- 
tion to  a  Wisconsin  man  who  has  "done  things."  There  are  found  in 
Harry  W.  Bolens  no  spirit  of  apathy,  no  toleration  of  injustice.  He  is 
strong  in  powers  of  initiative,  he  is  broad  in  his  vision,  he  places  true 
valuation  on  men  and  affairs,  he  is  essentially  and  emphatically  the 
friend  of  the  people,  without  fear  or  favor,  and  through  personal  abil- 
ity and  well  ordered  endeavor  he  has  achieved  much,  the  worst  that 
can  be  said  of  him  being  to  the  effect  that  he  has  been  and  remains 
identified  with  the  newspaper  fraternity,  an  organization  not  free  from 
suspicious  indulgence  in  ways  that  are  vain  and  rites  that  abound  in 
unholy  mystery.  His  status  has  been  most  effectively  designated  in 
the  following  estimate:  "A  graduate  of  the  college  of  hard  knocks; 
mayor  of  Port  Washington,  third  term ;  president  of  the  Gilson  Gaso- 
line Engine  Works,  which  is  competing  with  the  greatest  implement 
trust  in  the  world;  publisher  of  the  Port  Washington  Star;  cham- 
pion of  personal  liberty,  free  speech  and  a  free  press;  plaintiff  in  the 


1510  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

income  tax  suit,  and  opposed  to  a  state,  eouuty  or  school-district  in- 
come tax  law;  has  favored  a  national  income  tax  for  the  past  twenty 
years."  This  vigorous  atom  in  the  domain  of  newspaperdom  has  not 
been  obscure.  The  plans  and  specifications  on  which  he  was  built  do 
not  permit  this.  He  manages  to  "sit  up  and  notice,"  and  soon  some- 
thing begins  to  move,  and  he  is  the  propelling  force.  He  is  a  Democrat 
and  doesn't  care  who  knows  it.  In  fact,  he  has  been  known  to  say 
that  he  is  one.  He  tried  his  best  to  become  lieutenant  governor  of 
Wisconsin  in  the  election  of  1910,  and  it  would  not  have  damaged  the 
state  had  the  preferrment  been  granted  to  him.  He  repeated  the  at- 
tempt in  1912,  but  Wisconsin  failed  to  live  up  to  the  glorious  possi- 
bilities offered  and  fell  behind  in  the  triumphant  march  of  the  Demo- 
cratic party  to  such  an  extent  that  Mr.  Bolens  was  again  placed  in  the 
official  discard,  "Avhich  same  he  hadn't  orter. "  Let's  talk  a  little 
more  about  the  man  of  newspapers,  gas  engines  and  politics. 

Harry  Wilbur  Bolens,  the  aggressive  and  progressive, — the  latter 
not  in  a  technical  political  sense, — claims  the  Hawkeye  State  as  the 
place  of  his  nativity  and  is  a  scion  of  staunch  Swiss  stock.  He  was 
born  at  Washington,  Iowa,  judicial  center  of  the  county  of  the  same 
name,  on  the  thirteenth  of  January,  1864,  and  is  a  son  of  Eugene  and 
Sarah  (Madden)  Bolens,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Ohio. 
Eugene  Bolens  may  be  consistently  designated  as  one  of  the  pioneers 
of  this  state.  He  was  a  man  of  fine  mental  ken  and  was  long  and 
actively  identified  with  newspaper  publishing  and  editing,  the  while 
his  well  fortified  opinions  made  him  an  influential  factor  in  political 
and  general  civic  affairs.  The  intellectual  flame  which  burned  in  and 
illumined  his  physical  being  was  denied  its  proper  complement  of 
physical  strength  and  well  being,  as  he  was  a  semi-invalid  dm-ing 
much  of  his  active  career.  He  was  a  victor  over  circumstances  and 
conditions,  however,  for,  in  spite  of  his  physical  afflictions,  he 
worked,  and  worked  well,  accounting  well  to  himself  and  to  the  world. 
In  the  early  sixties  he  numbered  himself  among  the  pioneers  of  Iowa, 
where  he  founded  a  newspaper  in  the  town  of  Washington,  but  he  soon 
came  to  Wisconsin  and  established  his  home  at  Janesville,  Avhere  he 
was  identified  with  newspaper  work  vmtil  1866,  when  he  removed  to 
Juneau,  in  the  same  county.  He  continued  his  residence  at  Juneau 
until  1875,  when  he  removed  to  Madison,  the  capital  of  Wisconsin, 
where  he  held  the  office  of  state  printer  in  that  and  the  succeeding 
year.  It  is  most  interesting  to  note  that  Mrs.  Sarah  (Madden)  Bolens 
had  been  long  and  effectively  concerned  with  journalistic  and  practical 
newspaper  work,  and  that  she  was  the  active  manager  of  the  Port 
Washington  Star,  published  by  her  son.  This  talented  and  noble 
woman,  who  died  November  25,  1912,  had  the  distinction  of  being  the 
oldest  active  newspaper  manager  of  her  sex  in  the  entire  w^orld,  so  far 
as  data  indicate.     It  may  be  stated  that  the  Port  Washington  Star,  a 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1511 

weekly  publication,  has  one  of  the  best  equipped  offices  to  be  found 
in  the  entire  country  in  a  city  of  the  same  approximate  population. 

Harry  W.  Bolens  is  in  the  most  significant  sense  a  self-made  man, 
and  it  is  established  beyond  peradventure  that  he  has  done  a  pretty 
good  architectural  job  along  this  line.  In  his  youth  he  felt  the  lash 
of  necessity,  and  this  goad  tends  to  make  strong  men.  He  struggled 
with  adversity,  emerged  victorious ;  he  gained  valuable  discipline  un- 
der that  wisest  of  all  head-masters,  experience,  and  he  trudged  bravely 
and  imperturbed  toward  the  goal  of  definite  success.  It  is  trusted  that 
he  approved  of  the  term  solifidian,  but  that  has  not  designated  the 
man  himself,  for  his  faith  has  been  that  of  works.  He  has  been  a  doer 
instead  of  an  organized  day-dreamer.  He  has  subordinated  theory  to 
definite  practice,  without  exploiting  his  own  wisdom  and  without  in- 
tolerance of  view,  though  implacable  in  his  fight  for  what  he  believes 
to  be  right  and  just.  It  takes  a  dyed-in-the-wool  newspaper  man  to 
"get  back"  effectively  at  one  of  his  own  ilk,  and  George  C.  Nuesse, 
city  editor  of  the  Milwaukee  Journal,  recently  published  a  malevolent 
estimate  of  the  character  and  service  of  Mr.  Bolens.  The  following 
quotations,  slightly  paraphrased,  indicate  what  he  thinks  about  the  man 
to  whom  this  sketch  is  dedicated : 

"In  the  year  1883  there  was  a  young  man  at  Port  Washington  who 
had  succeeded  in  accumulating  twenty  dollars.  He  had  been  employed 
on  the  Port  Washington  Star,  and  had  obtained  the  rudiments  of  a 
newspaper  education.  With  his  money  in  his  wallet,  and  a  good  night's 
sleep  behind  him,  he  walked  to  Sheboygan,  taking  some  type  with  him. 
There  he  started  the  Sheboygan  Journal,  issued  every  day  except  Mon- 
day, it  being  the  custom  at  that  time  to  skip  the  proverbial  blue  Mon- 
day except  in  the  larger  cities  of  the  state.  The  average  charge  for  a 
daily  at  that  time  was  fifty  cents  a  month,  but  the  Journal  was  made 
for  fifteen  cents  a  week,  a  new  wrinkle  that  made  possible  weekly  in- 
stead of  monthly  collections,  and  made  it  umiecessary  for  the  'boss' 
to  sleep  on  the  floor  and  eat  sandwiches  for  thirty  days  consecutively. 
In  this  instance  the  first  week's  collections  amoujited  to  one  hundred 
dollars. 

"Now  this  is  not  the  sketch  of  an  individual  but  is  a  simple  story 
of  a  newspaper  man's  experiences.  A  newspaper  man  is,  after  all,  a 
modest  individual,  and  it  is  not  often  that  he  will  tell  of  his  own  troubles 
in  his  own  paper.  A  newspaper  office  is  full  of  charm, — if  not  of  money. 
But  to  come  back  to  Sheboygan.  It  was  the  custom  there  to  give  out 
the  city  printing  at  so  much  per  folio  in  an  official  paper.  There 
being  two  dailies,  each  managed  to  get  this  plum  every  second  year. 
Now  in  the  case  of  the  Journal  it  was  exceedingly  hard  sledding  in  the 
off  year,  so  much  so  that  the  newsboys,  coming  in  one  day,  found  the 
proprietor  in  a  most  depressed  state  of  mind.  So  impressed  were  they 
that  they  actually  made  him  the  astonishing  proposition  to  carry  the 


1512  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

paper  a  whole  year  for  nothing,  in  the  expectation  that  he  would  be 
able  to  pay  them  the  year  following.  Circumstances  did  not  require  the 
acceptance  of  this  munificent  tender,  but  it  wasn't  long  afterward  when 
a  judgment  of  seventeen  dollars  was  obtained  against  the  owner  of  the 
Journal,  with  the  disastrous  result  that  the  sheriff  arrived  one  night 
to  levy  on  the  place  and  all  its  contents.  'Hold  on,  here !'  cried  the  mili- 
tant typesticker,  'we  can't  let  this  place  lie  this  way  without  a  cus- 
todian. You  name  me  custodian  and  I'll  take  care  of  it  for  you.'  The 
sheriff  consented.  The  next  morning  that  historic  event  in  Sheboygan 
county,  still  talked  about  there  and  among  the  newspaper  fraternity  of 
the  state,  occurred.  The  Journal  appeared  with  this  caption  on  the  edi- 
torial page:  'The  Sheboygan  Daily  Journal,  published  by  , 

under  the  auspices  of  the  sheriff. '  There  was  method  in  this  madness. 
The  statement  proved  a  most  powerful  appeal.  Subscribers  who  hadn't 
paid  up  for  months  came  along,  each  anxious  to  help  the  poor  publisher 
out.    And  they  did.    The  j^aper  hasn't  missed  an  issue  since." 

The  narrative  continues  its  description  of  the  vicissitudes  that  vis- 
ited the  Journal  under  subsequent  control  and  the  struggles  which  at- 
tended its  uneven  course.  The  concluding  paragraph  has  the  following 
statements : 

"But  who  was  the  hero  of  this  tale,  you  ask?  Well,  to  be  sure.  His 
name  was  Bolens, — the  same  Harry  W.  Bolens  who  is  now  president  of 
a  big  factory  at  Port  Washington,  the  Gilson  Gasoline  Engine  Works, 
and  another  in  Canada,  besides  being  financiall}^  interested  in  other 
enterprises,  in  addition  to  publishing  the  Port  Washington  Star  and 
holding  membership  in  forty  different  secret  societies, — the  same  man 
who  made  the  run  for  lieutenant  governor  of  Wisconsin,  on  the  Demo- 
cratic ticket,  in  1910.  But  this  was  not  to  be  a  sketch  of  Mr.  Bolens, 
much  as  he  deserves  it.  His  newspaper  experience  is  typical  of  that  en- 
joyed by  most  of  the  enterprising  and  self-sacrificing  men  who  have 
started  newspapers  in  Wisconsin.  Most  of  'em  have  had  identically  the 
same  trials,  and  all  of  'em  are  still  confidently  looking  f orAvard  to  riding 
in  their  own  automobiles  to  the  end  of  the  chapter. ' ' 

Mr.  Bolens  has  maintained  his  home  in  Port  Washington,  the  capital 
of  Ozaukee  county,  snce  1891,  and  he  is  now  one  of  its  most  progressive 
and  influential  citizens.  Independent  and  self-reliant,  he  has  not  been 
governed  by  the  partisan  dictates  of  the  political  body  to  which  he  has 
given  his  allegiance,  but  has  boldly  assailed  those  of  its  tenets  which  he 
believed  to  be  wrong.  But  the  basic  principles  of  the  Democratic  party 
have  found  in  him  an  uncompromising  advocate,  both  in  a  personal  way 
and  through  the  columns  of  his  newspaper.  Such  a  man  could  not  be 
other  than  liberal  and  public  spirited  in  his  civic  attitude,  and  Mr. 
Bolens  has  done  much  to  further  the  social  and  material  development 
and  upbuilding  of  his  attractive  little  home  city.  As  a  leader  in  the 
Democratic  ranks  in  Wisconsin  he  has  become  widely  known  throughout 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1513 

the  state,  and  ou  each  occasion  of  his  appearance  as  its  candidate  for 
lieutenant  governor  he  gained  the  staunch  support  of  the  loyal  voters  of 
liis  party,  whose  normal  minority  alone  compassed  his  defeat.  The  peo- 
ple of  his  home  town  like  him.  They  admire  him.  They  make  use  of 
him.  In  1906-7  he  served  his  first  term  of  two  years  as  mayor  of  Port 
"Washington.  He  was  no  perfunctory  executive  of  the  municipal  gov- 
ernment. He  was  progressive  along  normal  and  justified  lines.  His 
aggressive  policies  somewhat  startled  the  voters  of  the  town.  They  had 
not  his  courage  and  determination,  and  thus  his  star  waned  for  an  in- 
terval, as  he  was  defeated  for  reelection  in  1907.  The  interregnum,  how- 
ever, was  such  as  to  regain  to  him  the  utmost  fealty  on  the  part  of  his 
fellow  citizens,  for  in  the  election  of  1909  he  was  returned  to  the  office  of 
mayor,  as  he  was  again  in  1911,  so  that  he  is  now  serving  his  third  term. 
He  has  made  things  move  along  the  course  of  needed  public  improve- 
ments, has  encouraged  commercial  and  industrial  progress,  and  has 
given  an  administration  Avhich  has  received  the  zealous  support  and 
commendation  of  all  classes  of  citizens.  It  is  well  to  be  mayor  of  a 
live  town.  Mr.  Bolens  need  not  lament  that  he  is  not  lieutenant  gov- 
ernor. He  is  a  strong  advocate  of  municipal  ownership  of  public 
utilities,  and  believes  that  such  utilities  should  be  directed  with  the 
game  discrimination  as  other  business  enterprises.  His  attitude  in 
this  matter  is  what  compassed  his  defeat  for  re-election  to  the  mayor- 
alty in  1907,  but  his  views  now  have  the  support  of  the  leading  citi- 
zens of  his  home  town. 

In  1891  Mr.  Bolens  held  the  position  of  proofreader  for  the  As- 
sembly, and  in  1900  and  1908  he  was  his  party's  candidate  for  repre- 
sentative of  the  twentieth  district  in  the  senate.  He  succeeded  in 
greatly  reducing  the  normal  Republican  majority  in  his  district.  Pop- 
ular rights  and  privileges  as  opposed  to  monopoly  and  corporate 
greed  have  found  in  Mr.  Bolens  a  most  earnest  and  effective  cham- 
pion. In  this  connection,  it  iiaay  be  noted  that  he  is  in  favor  of  a  na- 
tional tax  on  incomes  but  is  unalterably  opposed  to  the  localized  in- 
come tax.  Apropos  of  his  attitude  in  this  respect  he  issued  a  most 
vigorous  and  well  taken  arraignment  of  the  present  income-t'ax  law 
of  Wisconsin.  In  the  same  appeared  the  following  statements :  ' '  The 
Wisconsin  state  income-tax  law  is  a  penalty  levied  upon  the  frugal 
and  industrious.  It  denies  to  industry  its  full  reward.  When  in- 
dustry is  not  rewarded,  industry  ceases.  When  the  efforts  of  men  are 
not  rewarded  by  money,  self-satisfaction  or  esteem,  effort  will  cease. 
Any  law,  therefore,  which  takes  from  the  industrious  and  frugal  an 
unjust  portion  of  this  reward,  whether  it  be  done  directly  or  in- 
directly, through  the  raising  of  rent,  through  the  reduction  of  wages 
and  salaries,  or  tends  to  prevent  an  advance  in  wages,  or  takes  from 
the  farmer  an  unjust  share  of  the  profit  resulting  from  his  toil  and 
saving,  is  an  injury  to  prosperity,   and  all  such  laws  should  be  re- 


1514  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

pealed.  *  *  *  a  tariff  is  a  tax  on  the  consumer.  A  state  income 
tax  is  a  tax  on  the  producer.  If  a  tax  on  the  consumer  is  an  abomina- 
tion, what  shall  we  say  of  a  tax  on  the  producer?  Who  are  the  pro- 
ducers? In  numbers,  farmers  are  the  greatest  producers.  Then  come 
the  working  men,  the  business  men,  the  manufacturers.  Even  the 
professions  may  well  come  under  this  head.  If  a  state  income  tax  is 
a  tax  on  the  producer,  then  it  falls  heaviest  on  the  farmer  and  work- 
ing men.  We  used  to  be  told  that  the  foreigner  paid  the  tariff  tax. 
We  know  better  now.  The  importer  j^laced  the  tariff'  tax  on  the  cost 
of  goods  and  i^assed  it  on  to  the  consumer.  With  a  state  income  tax, 
the  tax  can  be  placed  on  the  goods  occasionally  in  purely  local  trans- 
actions, but  ninety  per  cent  of  the  products  of  Wisconsin  become  inter- 
state commerce  before  reaching  the  consumer.  The  tax  on  this  por- 
tion of  the  products,  therefore,  cannot  be  added  to  the  cost,  for  the 
reason  that  the  price  is  governed  by  the  supply  in  other  states  where 
a  state  income  tax  is  not  levied.  The  tendency  of  wages  under  a 
system  of  taxing  the  consumer  is  upward.  The  tendency  of  wages 
under  a  system  of  taxing  the  producer  must  necessarily  be  down- 
ward. *  *  *  Analyzed  from  any  point  of  view,  Ave  arrive  at  the 
same  conclusions;  that  a  state  income  tax  means  ultimately  that  the 
land  shall  bear  all  the  taxes.  Are  the  farmers  and  real  estate  owners 
of  Wisconsin  ready  by  their  votes  to  continue  a  course  which  inevi- 
tably leads  to  this  goal?" 

As  president  of  the  Gilson  Manufacturing  Company,  Mr.  Bolens 
has  been  a  potent  force  in  making  this  one  of  the  important  manu- 
facturing concerns  of  the  state,  the  principal  output  of  the  plant 
being  gasoline  engines  and  chair  specialities.  The  company  also 
owns  and  operates  a  second  factory,  at  Guelph,  Province  of  Ontario, 
Canada,  and  from  this  source  is  supplied  the  rapidly  expanding  trade 
in  the  various  provinces  of  that  dominion.  The  engines  manufactured 
by  this  company  are  sold  in  competition  with  others  in  all  parts  of  the 
world,  and  in  the  factory  at  Port  Washington  employment  is  given 
to  a  force  of  about  three  hundred  men,  the  major  number  of  whom 
are  skilled  mechanics  who  command  good  wages.  In  the  Canadian 
factory,  one  hundred  and  fifty  men  are  employed.  Mr.  Bolens  is  a 
firm  believer  in  the  policy  of  international  reciprocity,  and  main- 
tains that  if  American  manufacturers  produce  the  goods  which  the 
foreign  countries  need  and  want,  reciprocity  will  do  little  if  anything 
to  the  derogation  of  American  labor.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers 
and  is  the  president  of  the  Wisconsin  Manufacturers'  Association. 

It  has  been  consistently  said  that  in  a  fraternal  way,  Mr.  P>olens 
has  identified  himself  with  all  available  lodges  in  his  home  city,  in- 
cluding the  Masonic  fraternity,  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  the  Benevo- 
lent and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  the  Independent  Order  of  For- 
esters,  and  many  others.     Nothing  is  perfunctory  in  his  sphere   of 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1515 

activity,  and  thus  lie  is  an  active  and  valued  factor  in  the  many  civic 
organizations  with  which  he  has  united.  He  is  direct,  sincere,  and 
steadfast.  At  no  time  is  there  any  need  for  conjecture  as  to  his 
view-point.  He  is  virile,  resourceful,  resolute  and  versatile.  He  has 
been  a  worker  and  has  won  success.  He  merits  the  confidence  and 
esteem  of  his  fellow  men,  and  the  approbation  of  his  fellows  has  not 
been  denied  to  him.  His  is  a  broad  horizon  of  uientality  and  activity, 
and  more  shall  be  heard  of  him  with  the  passing  years. 

Edward  W.  Miller.  The  bar  and  citizenship  of  Marinette  county 
gave  deserved  recognition  to  Edward  W.  Miller  in  November,  1912, 
when  he  was  elected  district  attorney  for  that  county.  Mr.  Miller  is  a 
capable  young  lawyer,  has  been  in  practice  in  Marinette  since  1907,  and 
since  taking  up  his  official  duties  on  January  6,  1913,  has  shown  much 
efficiency  in  handling  the  grave  responsibilities  entrusted  to  him.  Mr. 
Miller  previous  to  the  beginning  of  his  present  official  term  served  two 
years,  beginning  in  1911,  as  assistant  district  attorney.  He  practices 
law  in  Marinette  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Miller  &  Miller,  his  partner 
being  his  older  brother,  John  0.  Miller,  now  city  attorney  of  Marinette, 
and  who  for  five  years,  from  1905  to  1909,  was  district  attorney  of  Mar- 
inette county.  E.  W.  Miller  has  been  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Miller  & 
Miller  since  May,  1911. 

He  was  born  at  Florent,  Wisconsin,  August  8,  1884,  a  son  of  S.  C. 
and  Hedvig  (Karen)  Miller.  Mr.  S.  C.  Miller  is  one  of  Marinette's 
prominent  manufacturers,  being  proprietor  of  the  Miller  Sash  &  Door 
Company,  and  a  director  in  the  Farmers  and  Merchants  Bank  of  Marin- 
ette. The  son  was  reared  at  Marinette  where  he  attended  the  public 
school,  graduating  from  the  high  school  in  1903.  His  first  inclination 
was  for  business,  and  with  that  purpose  in  view  he  took  a  course  in  the 
Marinette  Business  College  during  the  winter  of  1903-04.  In  1904  he 
entered  the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin  where  he 
was  graduated  in  1907,  and  admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  same  year.  He 
then  located  at  Marinette  and  has  been  in  active  practice  now  for  six 
years. 

Mr.  Miller  is  unmarried  and  is  popular  in  social  circles.  He  is 
affiliated  with  the  Masonic  Order,  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows, is  a  member  of  the  Norwegian  Litei'ary  Society,  and  belongs  to 
the  Phi  Alpha  Delta,  the  law  school  fraternity. 

LoREN  0.  RoBECK.  The  present  county  treasurer  of  Marinette 
county,  Loren  0.  Robeck,  was  first  elected  to  the  office  in  the  fall  of  1910, 
beginning  his  official  duties  in  the  following  January,  and  in  November, 
1912,  was  re-elected,  now  being  in  his  second  term.  Mr.  Robeck  went  in 
on  the  Republican  ticket,  and  is  one  of  the  loyal  members  of  that  party 
in  Marinette  county. 


1516  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Mr.  Robeck  is  a  live  and  enterprising  real  estate  man  of  the  firm 
of  Merryman  and  Robeck,  both  real  estate  and  insurance,  at  Marinette. 
The  senior  member  is  A.  C.  Merryman,  Jr.  The  firm  was  organized  in 
1907.  Mr.  Robeck  has  lived  in  Marinette  nearly  all  his  life,  and  was 
born  in  that  city  February  14,  1881,  a  son  of  Andrew  and  Sophia  Ro- 
beck, the  father  being  now  deceased.  Reared  in  his  native  city,  Mr. 
Robeck  attended  the  public  schools,  and  the  only  lengthy  absence  from 
his  home  town  was  three  years  spent  in  northern  Michigan.  Practi- 
cally all  his  active  career  has  been  devoted  to  the  real  estate  business. 
He  was  first  associated  with  his  brother,  Arthur  Robeck,  whose  death 
occurred  in  1904. 

Loren  0.  Robeck  married  Miss  Ida  B.  Peterson,  of  ^Menominee, 
Michigan.    Fraternally  his  affiliations  are  with  the  Masonic  Order. 

Bernard  M.  Mulvaney.  In  the  city  of  Oconto  Mr.  IMulvaney  occu- 
pies two  distinct  and  each  a  very  important  office,  as  city  clerk,  also  as 
principal  of  the  Jefferson  Ward  School.  Education  may  be  said  to 
have  been  his  life  work,  and  he  is  one  of  the  progressive  teachers  in 
northern  Wisconsin.  He  belongs  to  one  of  the  old  families  of  Oconto, 
one  that  has  lived  in  this  section  of  the  state  upwards  of  half  a  century. 
Mr.  ]\Iulvaney  himself  is  still  a  young  man,  and  from  his  varied  experi- 
ence and  professional  activities  in  the  past  has  a  large  place  of  future 
usefulness.  He  has  served  as  city  clerk  since  April,  1907,  and  has  been 
identified  with  the  public  school  system  of  the  city  since  1906,  when 
he  took  charge  of  grades  five  and  six  in  the  Washington  school,  and  in 
1907  became  principal  of  the  Jefferson  school. 

Bernard  M.  Mulvaney  was  born  in  Oconto,  May  5,  1883,  a  son  of 
Bernard  and  Catherine  (Nolan)  Mulvaney.  His  father  was  for  many 
years  a  stationary  engineer.  For  a  long  time  he  ran  a  tug  boat  on  the 
Green  Bay.  His  death  occurred  in  the  fall  of  1907,  after  a  residence  at 
Oconto  for  forty  years.  He  was  a  hard  worker  and  good  citizen  and 
was  employed  in  many  different  capacities.  At  one  time  he  was  a  sup- 
ply teamster.  Later  he  was  an  engineer  at  the  Oconto  Company 's  Mills, 
at  various  times  worked  on  the  drives  of  lumber,  both  in  the  woods  and 
along  the  rivers.  He  was  a  native  of  the  state  of  Rhode  Island,  coming 
to  Wisconsin  when  a  boy  and  after  a  brief  period  of  residence  at  or 
near  Milwaukee  moved  to  Oconto.  His  widow  is  still  living  and  is  a 
native  of  Cedarburg,  Wisconsin. 

Bernard  Mulvaney  was  reared  in  Oconto  where  he  attended  the 
parochial  schools  and  the  Oconto  high  school,  graduating  from  the  lat- 
ter in  1901.  His  first  work  as  teacher  was  in  the  town  of  Little  River 
in  Oconto  county.  He  then  taught  graded  school  at  ^Mountain  in  the 
same  county  for  two  and  a  half  years,  and  while  there  established  the 
first  graded  schools.  From  there  he  came  to  Oconto,  and  was  employed 
as  a  reporter  on  the  Oconto  County  Reporter.     For  a  time  he  rejjre- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1517 

seiited  the  New  York  Life  Insurance  Company,  and  he  studied  law  in 
the  office  of  Judge  Classon  at  Oconto.  For  six  months  he  was  principal 
of  the  graded  school  at  Daggett,  Michigan,  and  then  returned  to 
Oconto  and  began  his  work  with  the  Washington  schools.  Mr.  Mul- 
vaney  is  unmarried.  His  affiliations  are  with  the  Knights  of  Colum- 
bus, the  Catholic  Order  of  Foresters,  and  the  Benevolent  and  Protect- 
ive Order  of  Elks  of  which  he  is  secretary.    His  church  is  the  Catholic. 

William  Arthur  Holt  has  long  been  identified  with  the  represen- 
tative business  interests  of  Oconto  in  a  prominent  manner,  and  is  now 
vice  president  and  treasurer  of  the  Holt  Lumber  Company  of  Oconto, 
and  president  of  the  Oconto  Canning  Company.  The  latter  concern, 
capitalized  at  $50,000  in  1899,  has  been  one  of  the  important  industries 
of  the  city  since  its  organization.  Mr.  Holt  is  also  president  of  the 
Oconto  River  Improvement  Company  and  a  director  in  the  Oconto  Falls 
Manufacturing  Company.  His  business  connections  are  widespread 
and  of  an  important  nature,  so  that  he  is  one  of  the  best  known  men  in 
this  part  of  the  state.  The  Holt  Lumber  Company,  of  which  he  is  vice 
president  and  a  director  is  one  of  the  more  important  lumber  concerns 
of  Northern  Wisconsin,  and  his  other  business  interests  are  of  an 
equally  vital  nature. 

William  Arthur  Holt  was  born  in  Lake  Forest,  Illinois,  in  1865,  and 
is  a  son  of  D.  R.  Holt,  who  was  for  many  years  a  leading  figure  in  the 
lumber  industry  of  the  middle  west.  In  1863  D.  R.  Holt,  of  Chicago, 
and  Uri  Balcom,  of  Oconto,  bought  the  Norton  ]Mill  property  and  the 
firm  of  Holt  &  Balcom  operated  it  till  1888,  when  Mr.  Balcom  sold  out 
and  the  Holt  Lumber  Co.  was  incorporated  under  which  name  it  still 
operates,  the  present  officers  of  the  firm  being  the  sons  of  D.  R.  Holt, 
who  continued  as  the  head  of  the  concern  until  his  death  in  1899.  The 
present  officers  are :  George  H.  Holt,  of  Chicago,  president ;  W.  A. 
Holt,  of  Oconto,  vice  president  and  treasurer;  and  Charles  S.  Holt,  of 
Chicago,  secretary. 

This  representative  lumber  concern  employs  during  the  summer 
in  and  about  Oconto,  from  three  hundred  and  fifty  to  four  hundred  men, 
while  in  the  winters,  though  the  Oconto  force  is  comparatively  light, 
their  employees  number  from  six  hundred  to  one  thousand,  in  the  mill 
and  in  their  many  camps.  The  firm  controls  vast  timber  holdings 
throughout  Wisconsin  and  Upper  Michigan  and  have  timber  to  run 
them  for  many  years. 

William  Arthur  Holt  was  reared  and  educated  in  Lake  Forest, 
Illinois,  and  in  1882,  when  he  was  seventeen  years  of  age,  he  entered 
the  employ  of  what  is  now  the  Holt  Lumber  Company  in  its  Chi- 
cago office.  His  duties  brought  him  to  Oconto  frequently,  and  in  1888 
he  came  to  Oconto  and  settled,  since  which  time  this  place  has  repre- 


1518  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

seuted  his  home.  Although  he  is  still  a  young  man,  he  may  be  said  to 
have  spent  a  life  time  in  the  lumber  business,  so  early  did  he  begin. 

Mr.  Holt  has  never  aspired  to  political  office  or  preferment  of  any 
sort,  but  he  was  twice  elected  mayor  of  Oconto,  serving  from  1904  to 
1908. 

Mr.  Holt  married  Miss  Lucy  Rumsey  of  Lake  Forest,  Illinois,  and 
to  them  have  been  born  four  children :  Jeannette  R.,  Alfred  H.,  Mary 
Eleanore,  and  Donald  R.  Holt. 

Charles  A.  Loveland.  For  more  than  forty  years  identified  with 
the  Northwestern  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company  of  Milwaukee,  a 
resident  of  that  city  since  boyhood,  and  a  veteran  Union  soldier, 
Charles  Alyin  Loveland  was  born  at  Troy,  Rensselaer  county.  New 
York,  October  3,  1841.  His  parents  were  Horace  and  Sarah  (Vail) 
Loveland.  His  father  was  born  in  Connecticut^^  and  married  in  New 
York,  where  his  wife  was  born.  Horace  Loveland  was  with  the  lum- 
ber industry  in  New  York  state  until  1855,  when  he  moved  his  family 
to  Milwaukee.  There  he  took  up  fire  insurance  and  continued  actively 
in  that  business  and  was  well  known  and  honored  in  business  circles 
until  his  death  in  1881.    His  wife  died  in  1889. 

Charles  A.  Loveland,  who  was  fourteen  years  of  age  when  the 
family  moved  to  Wisconsin,  began  his  education  at  West  Troy,  and 
at  ]\Iilwaukee  became  a  student  in  the  old  Milwaukee  University, 
near  the  close  of  its  existence.  He  then  returned  to  New  York  state 
and  was  a  student  in  private  schools  until  his  education  was  finished. 
He  was  ambitious  to  take  up  the  study  of  law,  but  the  country  was 
then  involved  in  the  war,  and  in  1862,  before  he  became  of  age,  he 
enlisted  as  a  private  in  what  was  known  as  the  Milwaukee  Regiment, 
joining  Company  B  of  the  Twenty-fourth  Wisconsin  Volunteer  In- 
fantry, Avhich  was  organized  and  mustered  in  at  Camp  Sigel ;  he  went 
to  the  front,  and  for  nearly  three  years  was  in  active  service.  Since 
the  Avar  Mr.  Loveland  has  been  affiliated  with  the  Grand  Army  of 
the  Republic. 

Returning  to  Milwaukee,  he  took  up  the  study  of  law  in  the  office 
of  Henry  L.  Palmer,  then  one  of  the  distinguished  members  of  the 
Milwaukee  bar.  After  three  years  he  was  prepared  for  admission  to 
practice,  but  his  career  was  deflected  and  he  was  never  a  practicing 
lawyer.  The  Northwestern  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company  was  then 
just  entering  upon  its  period  of  vigorous  growth.  Mr.  Loveland  found 
a  clerkship  in  the  home  offices  of  the  company,  by  ability  and  effective 
service  won  promotion,  and  for  several  years  was  superintendent  of 
the  Collection  Department.  In  1887  he  became  assistant  actuary,  and 
two  years  later  was  made  general  actuary  of  the  company,  one  of  the 
most  exacting  and  important  of  the  executive  offices.  He  has  re- 
mained general  actuary  to  the  present  time. 


^^.Xl^.^ 


t 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1519 

Mr.  Loveland  has  given  little  attention  to  practical  politics,  and  in 
tlie  early  nineties  transferred  his  long-time  allegiance  with  the  Demo- 
cratic party  to  the  Republican  party,  and  still  votes  with  the  latter 
organization.  He  has  long  been  identified  with  the  Masonic  fraternity, 
has  taken  the  degrees  of  both  the  York  and  the  Scottish  Rite,  having 
attained  thirty-second  degree  in  the  latter.  He  has  for  many  years 
been  a  member  of  the  Grand  Avenue  Congregational  church. 

Thomas  C.  Clark,  ]\I.  D.  One  of  the  younger  members  of  the  medi- 
cal profession  at  Oconta,  who  none-the-less  has  taken  a  high  stand  in 
the  community  both  as  a  citizen  and  as  a  physician  and  surgeon.  Dr. 
Clark  has  practiced  at  Oconto  since  December  10,  1912. 

Dr.  Clark  was  born  in  the  city  of  Milwaukee,  January  20,  1886,  a 
son  of  John  M.  and  Anna  (Fitzgerald)  Clai-k.  His  father  is  a  promi- 
nent Milwaukee  attorney.  Reared  in  his  native  city.  Dr.  Clark  attended 
the  public  schools,  and  later  graduated  from  Marquette  Academy,  and 
then  from  Marquette  University.  His  College  Literary  Degree  is 
Master  of  Arts.  He  pursued  his  medical  studies  in  the  medical  depart- 
ment of  the  Northwestern  University  at  Chicago,  where  he  was  gradu- 
ated M.  D.  with  the  class  of  1912.  For  several  months  he  practiced  at 
Milwaukee,  and  with  that  initial  experience  came  to  Oconto.  Besides 
his  general  practice  he  is  serving  on  the  staff  of  the  Oconto  County 
Hospital,  and  he  and  Dr.  P.  E.  Gaunt  are  the  chief  OAvuers  of  that 
institution. 

At  Chicago,  on  June  25,  1912,  Dr.  Clark  married  Miss  Grace  McKin- 
ley,  a  daughter  of  Milton  McKinley  at  Chicago.  They  are  the  parents 
of  one  child,'Grace  Clark.  Dr.  Clark  is  a  communicant  of  the  Catholic 
church,  and  affiliated  with  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  and  with  the  Medi- 
cal Fraternity  Phi  Beta  Pi.  He  also  has  membership  in  the  Oconto 
County  Medical  Society  and  the  Wisconsin  Medical  Society.  His  offices 
are  in  the  Citizens  National  Bank  Building. 

Charles  A.  Best.  Banking  has  been  the  field  to  which  Mr.  Best 
has  devoted  the  energies  of  his  active  career  since  young  manhood,  and 
with  long  experience  he  combines  an  unusual  equipment  of  ability  and 
skill  in  the  organization  and  management  of  financial  institutions.  He 
has  assisted  in  the  organization  and  the  management  of  two  substantial 
banks  in  the  State  of  Wisconsin,  and  is  now  connected  with  the  Citizens 
National  Bank  of  Oconto,  being  its  cashier  and  having  been  one  of  the 
organizers  in  1900,  in  Avhich  year  the  bank  first  opened  its  doors  for 
business  with  Mr.  Best  in  the  position  of  cashier. 

Charles  A.  Best  was  born  at  Freeport,  lllmois,  March  18,  1863.  His 
parents  were  Dr.  Solomon  Jacob  and  Catherine  (Wolf)  Best.  His 
father  was  long  an  able  physician  and  surgeon  at  Freeport.  The 
mother  comes  of  a  familv  of  bankers,  different  men  of  the  Wolf  name 


1520  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

having  been  active  in  banking  in  the  state  of  Iowa.  Charles  A.  Best 
was  reared  at  Freeport,  where  he  attended  the  public  schools,  and  in 
1887  Avas  graduated  from  the  Freeport  high  school.  Soon  afterwards 
he  got  his  first  experience  as  assistant  cashier  of  the  German- American 
National  Bank  at  Beatrice,  Nebraska,  where  he  remained  seven  years. 
In  1897  Mr.  Best  took  an  active  part  in  the  organization  at  Kiel,  Mani- 
towoc county,  of  the  State  Bank  of  Kiel,  and  remained  as  its  cashier 
until  1900.  In  that  year  he  played  a  similar  role  in  the  establishment  of 
the  Citizens  National  Bank  at  Oconto.  The  Citizens  National  has  a 
capital  stock  of  fifty  thousand  dollars,  with  surplus  and  profits  of  over 
thirty  thousand  dollars.  It  is  in  respect  to  its  deposits  and  general 
facilities  and  strength  the  largest  institution  of  its  kind  in  Oconto 
county. 

In  1892  Mr.  Best  married  Miss  Ida  May  Forbes.  She  is  a  native  of 
Ottawa,  Illinois,  but  for  some  time  previous  to  her  marriage  was  a 
resident  of  Beatrice,  Nebraska.  They  are  the  parents  of  one  child, 
Marjorie  Rhea,  who  graduated  from  the  Oconto  high  school  in  the  class 
of  1913.  Fraternally  Mr.  Best  is  affiliated  with  the  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows, 
and  he  and  his  family  worship  in  the  Presbyterian  church. 

Fred  Schedler.  This  pioneer  now  in  the  seventy-fifth  year  of  his 
age,  who  with  firm  step  and  unclouded  mind  still  walks  the  streets  and 
attends  to  his  daily  routine  of  affairs,  has  during  a  long  and  useful 
residence  in  Oconto  county,  for  almost  fifty  years  witnessed  almost  its 
entire  development  and  borne  a  share  in  the  course  of  its  progress. 
Starting  in  as  a  lumber  jack,  he  was  for  many  years  w.ell  known  as 
a  hotel  proprietor,  and  by  judicious  investments  and  able  management 
has  become  one  of  the  most  influential  men  in  financial  and  civic  affairs 
in  Oconto  county.  He  manifests  a  keen  and  intelligent  interest  in  all 
that  affects  the  welfare  of  this  section  of  the  state,  and  is  widely  and 
favorably  known  as  a  man  of  progress  and  public  spirit. 

Mr.  Schedler  is  vice  president  of  the  Oconto  National  Bank,  and 
has  been  a  director  in  that  institution  since  it  was  organized  in  1886. 
He  became  vice  president  in  the  spring  of  1913,  succeeding  the  late 
William  Young,  who  died  in  1913.  Mr.  Schedler  is  also  a  director  of 
the  Oconto  Canning  Company  at  Oconto.  From  1867  to  1897  Mr. 
Schedler  was  in  the  hotel  business  at  Oconto,  during  most  of  that  time 
conducting  the  Schedler  Hotel.  His  home  has  been  in  Oconto  county 
since  December,  1864,  and  he  is  thus  one  of  the  pioneers  in  that  region, 
which  when  he  came  was  a  wilderness  and  its  chief  activity  lumbering. 

Fred  Schedler  was  born  in  Prussia,  Germany,  April  28,  1838,  a 
son  of  Gottlieb  and  Susanna  (Brandenberg)  Schedler.  Both  parents 
died  in  Germany.  Reared  in  his  native  land,  Mr.  Schedler  was  educated 
in  the  public  institutions  of  education,  and  spent  two  years  in  the  Prus- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1521 

siau  infantry.  He  was  an  agricultural  expert  and  instructor  in  Ger- 
many, but  in  spite  of  his  congenial  position  and  his  business  prospects, 
after  his  term  of  army  service  was  completed,  he  left  Germany  and 
came  direct  to  Wisconsin^  first  locating  at  Watertown.  There  he  started 
out  without  capital  and  with  complete  reliance  upon  his  individual 
resources  to  find  fortune  and  position  in  the  world.  He  spent  a  couple 
of  years  in  farming  near  Watertown,  and  then  in  1864  arrived  at 
Oconto,  where  he  went  into  the  woods  and  spent  a  winter  in  the  lum- 
ber camps.  For  two  years  he  was  employed  as  a  sawyer  in  a  lumber 
mill,  and  then  was  employed  in  a  local  hotel.  Subsequently  he  bought 
out  the  man  he  had  previously  worked  for,  and  after  conducting  the 
hotel  for  some  years  erected  a  much  larger  and  more  commodious 
structure,  known  as  the  Schedler  House,  which  was  conducted  under 
his  management  and  proprietorship  until  1897.  In  that  year  he  sold 
his  hotel  and  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business,  and  general  finance, 
handling  loans,  mortgages  and  other  investments.  Mr.  Schedler  owns 
a  large  quantity  of  fine  farm  lands  in  Oconto  county,  and  has  many 
interests  in  the  business  affairs  of  this  section. 

In  1872  at  Green  Bay,  Mr.  Schedler  married  Amelia  Liese,  also  a 
native  of  Germany.  Their  four  children  are  mentioned  as  follows: 
Herman  Frank,  a  resident  of  the  state  of  Idaho;  Hermina,  wife  of  D. 
H.  Mooney ;  Paul  Arthur,  of  Spokane,  Washington ;  engaged  in  the  real 
estate  business;  and  Martha,  wife  of  Charles  Lingelbach  of  Oconto. 

Hon.  Victor  J.  O'Kelliher,  mayor  of  Oconto  and  one  of  the  best 
known  and  most  successful  attorneys,  was  born  in  Oconto  on  March 
4,  1879,  and  has  passed  his  life  practically  within  the  confines  of  this 
county.  Since  1902,  when  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  he  has  been  en- 
gaged in  practice  here,  and  since  1911  has  been  a  member  of  the  well 
known  firm  of  Classon  &  O'Kelliher,  representing  perhaps  the  best  legal 
talent  in  the  city. 

Mr.  O'Kelliher  is  the  son  of  Jeremiah  and  Ellen  O'Kelliher.  The 
father  was  a  lumberman  who  came  to  Oconto  in  the  fifties,  and  he  died 
in  1895,  the  mother  surviving  the  death  of  her  husband  for  five  years. 
Their  son  was  schooled  in  Oconto,  and  when  he  had  finished  the  high 
school  course  in  1897,  he  devoted  himself  for  two  years  to  work  in  the 
employ  of  a  farm  implement  concern  as  a  salesman.  It  was  thus  he 
earned  the  money  that  made  possible  his  college  education.  He  entered 
the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin  in  1899  and  in  1902 
was  graduated,  being  straightway  admitted  to  the  bar.  He  engaged  in 
practice  in  Oconto  in  1903,  and  in  June,  1911,  he  became  the  junior 
member  of  the  firm  of  Classon  &  O'Kelliher. 

In  the  fall  of  1912  Mr.  O'Kelliher  was  elected  mayor  of  Oconto,  suc- 
ceeding A.  J.  Caldwell  in  the  office,  and  it  should  be  noted  that  prior 
to  his  election  to  the  office  of  chief  executive  of  the  city,  he  served  as 


1522  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

president  of  the  eity  council  for  four  years,  so  that  he  has  long  been 
conversant  with  the  administration  of  affairs  of  the  city. 

Mr.  O'Kelliher  is  unmarried  and  his  only  fraternal  affiliations  are 
maintained  as  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of 
Elks. 

David  G.  Classon.  When  David  G.  Classon  became  county  judge 
of  Oconto  county  in  1894,  he  was  but  twenty-three  years  of  age,  and 
he  served  in  that  position  until  January,  1898,  being  the  youngest 
county  judge  in  the  state  during  his  service.  His  career  has  been  a 
notable  one  in  many  respects,  and  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Classon 
&  O'Kelliher,  the  leading  law  firm  of  Oconto,  his  position  in  profes- 
sional circles  in  these  parts  is  undeniably  secure.  Judge  Classon  has 
served  two  terms  as  mayor  of  Oconto,  and  has  also  served  as  city  attor- 
ney of  Oconto,  so  that  he  has  given  freely  of  his  ability  and  his  time  in 
the  service  of  his  city  and  county  since  he  entered  the  lists  in  the  legal 
profession.  He  is  a  native  son  of  the  county,  born  here  in  1870,  on  the 
27th  day  of  September,  and  he  is  a  son  of  W.  J.  and  Adeline  (Leger) 
Classon. 

W.  J.  Classon  was  born  in  the  state  of  Vermont,  but  was  reared  in 
Canada,  which  was  the  native  country  of  the  mother,  Adeline  Leger. 
They  were  married  in  ]Manitowoe,  W^isconsin,  -from  where  they  removed 
to  Oconto  in  1868.  The  father  was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  war,  a  member 
of  the  Twenty-seventh  Wisconsin  Volunteer  Infantry,  and  he  spent  his 
days  in  private  life  as  a  farmer  and  merchant. 

David  G.  Classon  gained  his  preliminary  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Oconto,  and  in  1887  was  graduated  from  the  high  school  of 
this  eity.  In  the  fall  of  1889  he  entered  the  University  of  Wisconsin, 
and  was  graduated  from  the  law  department  with  the  class  of  '91. 
Immediately  thereafter  the  young  man  enteffed  upon  the  practice  of 
law  in  Oconto,  becoming  associated  with  Judge  Bailey,  then  county 
judge,  continuing  with  the  judge  until  1893,  when  he  became  a  partner 
in  the  firm  of  Webster  &  Classon.  In  1894  he  was  elevated  to  the  county 
bench,  at  the  age  of  twenty-three,  and  he  held  that  office  for  four  years, 
retiring  in  January,  1898.  In  1911  he  became  associated  in  practice 
with  Hon.  Victor  J.  O'Kelliher,  mayor  of  Oconto  at  the  present  time, 
and  one  of  the  prominent  attorneys  of  the  county.  Judge  Classon 
himself  served  as  mayor  of  the  city  from  1898  to  1900,  his  service  com- 
prising two  terms  of  one  year  each,  and  from  1900  to  1906  he  was  city 
attorney  of  Oconto,  so  that  his  public  service  has  covered  a  considerable 
period  of  years.  He  has  practiced  in  all  the  courts  of  the  state  and  of 
Michigan  as  well,  and  his  reputation  in  both  states  is  that  of  a  man  of 
superior  ability, — a  wise  counselor  and  an  able  advocate  before  the  bar. 
He  takes  a  prominent  part  in  the  Republican  politics  of  the  county  and 
is  a  recognized  leader  in  the  party  ranks.     Socially  he  has  membership 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  -  1523 

in  Pine  Lodge  188,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  Oconto  Lodge  No.  94,  Knights 
of  Pythias.  He  was  Grand  Chancellor  of  the  K.  of  P.  's  in  1898-99.  He 
is  president  of  the  Oconto  Board  of  Education,  and  is  deeply  interested 
in  educational  matters  affecting  his  city  and  county. 

In  1899  Judge  Classon  was  married  to  Miss  Myrtle  Orr  of  Oconto, 
and  they  have  four  children :  Abigail,  Edna,  Mary,  and  an  infant  son, 
Richard  Orr  Classon. 

The  parents  of  Judge  Classon  continued  on  their  Oconto  county 
farm  until  1893,  when  they  took  up  their  residence  in  the  city  of  Oconto, 
and  here  the  father  was  occupied  in  the  grocery  business  for  some 
years.    He  died  August  22,  1913. 

George  Walsh  Browne.  During  the  latter  half  of  the  nineties, 
when  the  bicycle  craze  was  at  its  height  all  over  the  country,  George 
W.  Browne  got  his  first  business  experience  with  one  of  the  well 
known  companies  handling  bicycles  in  Chicago.  He  is  one  of  the  men 
who  followed  the  development  of  the  business  through  its  automo- 
bile stage,  and  is  now  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  the  automobile  trade 
of  Wisconsin.  Mr.  Browne  is  president  of  the  George  W.  Browne 
Automobile  Company  of  Milwaukee,  the  title  of  the  retail  department 
of  his  business,  and  is  also  president  of  the  Overland- Wisconsin  Com- 
pany, the  corporation  name  under  which  he  does  his  extensive  whole- 
sale business.  As  one  of  the  best  known  and  most  enterprising  busi- 
ness men  of  Milwaukee,  Mr.  Browne  is  among  the  men  who  came  up 
from  the  ranks,  and  his  success  can  properly  be  credited  to  his  own 
initiative  and  splendid  energy. 

George  Walsh  Browne  was  born  at  Stanberry,  Missouri,  July  15, 
1880,  a  son  of  the  late  Mark  F.  Browne,  and  his  wife  Sarah  Eleanor 
(Randolph)  Browne.  Sarah  Eleanor  Randolph  who  was  born  at 
Louisville,  Kentucky,  July  4,  1856,  was  married  to  Mark  F.  Browne 
in  April,  1872.  Mark  F.  Browne  was  born  at  Geneva,  Illinois,  April 
13,  1843,  his  people  being  Kentuckians,  who  had  made  the  trip  to 
northern  Illinois  in  a  wagon  during  the  early  day  and  located  among 
the  early  settlers  at  Geneva.  Mark  F.  Browne,  who  died  at  the  home 
of  his  son  George  in  Milwaukee  on  January  6,  1913,  was  reared  in 
Geneva,  Illinois,  was  in  the  lumber  business  for  a  number  of  years, 
and  for  a  long  time  was  the  landlord  of  the  Merchants  House  at  Mo- 
berly,  Missouri.  He  was  a  railroad  man,  and  had  a  long  period  of 
service  as  conductor  on  the  Missouri  Pacific.  During  the  latter  years 
of  his  active  career  he  was  in  the  mining,  machinery  and  supply  busi- 
ness at  Joplin,  Missouri,  handling  his  goods  under  the  name  of  the 
Joplin  Supply  Company.  He  came  to  Milwaukee  about  two  years 
before  his  death,  and  he  is  buried  at  Geneva,  Illinois,  his  birthplace. 
He  was  one  of  a  family  of  eleven  children,  only  one  of  whom  survived 
him.    Fraternally  he  was  an  active  Mason  and  was  past  Grand  Master 


1524  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

of  the  Lodge  of  Moberly.  Sarah  Eleanor  Randolph,  the  mother,  al- 
though born  in  Kentucky,  was  of  the  old  family  of  Randolphs  of  Vir- 
ginia, and  one  of  her  brothers,  Lieutenant  Randolph,  was  killed  in  the 
Civil  war.  She  was  left  an  orphan  and  was  reared  by  an  aunt  and 
uncle  named  Rhodes,  whose  name  she  bore  previous  to  her  mar- 
riage. She  was  a  woman  of  exceptional  mental  powers,  and  fine  char- 
acter, and  was  one  of  the  first  woman  graduates  of  Rush  Medical  Col- 
lege. Her  death  occurred  February  15,  1912.  The  children  of  Mark 
F.  Browne  and  wife  were:  Lillian  Gay,  born  April  11,  1873;  James 
Clarke  born  August  29,  1875;  George  Walsh,  born  July  15,  1880; 
Frank  Joy  and  Perry  Lee,  twins,  born  February  8,  1883 ;  Gladys  Marie, 
born  October  19,  1890.  James  Clarke  died  March  1,  1878,  Frank  Joy 
died  July  19,  1883,  and  Perry  Lee  died  August  2,  1883,  all  being  buried 
in  Brunswick,  Missouri.  George  W.  Browne  is  the  only  son  now  living 
and  he  has  tAvo  sisters,  Mrs.  W.  W.  Callahan,  of  Chicago,  and  Mrs. 
Robert  Keane,  of  New  York  City. 

George  W.  Browne  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Chicago,  after  which  he  attended  Racine  College  at  Racine  in  1895  for 
one  year.  He  was  then  fifteen  years  of  age,  and  from  that  time  to 
the  present  has  been  pulling  his  own  weight,  and  latterly  much  more 
besides.  His  first  work  was  for  the  Lake  Shore  &  Rock  Island  Track 
Elevation  Company  of  Chicago,  with  which  concern  he  remained  two 
years.  He  then  entered  the  employ  of  the  Mead  Cycle  Company  of 
Chicago  in  the  bicycle  trade,  and  continued  with  that  firm  until  1903. 
In  the  meantime  the  automobile  business  had  begun  to  develop  to  im- 
portant proportions,  and  he  left  to  take  employment  with  the 
Cadillac  Automobile  Company  in  Chicago,  continuing  with  them  as 
salesman  during  1903-1904.  In  1905  he  began  handling  the  Ford  Auto- 
mobiles in  Chicago,  and  in  1906  sold  the  Stoddard-Dayton  in  that 
city.  Up  to  June  of  1907  he  was  representing  the  Thomas  Flyer  in 
Chicago.  In  June,  1907,  Mr.  Browne  transferred  his  field  to  Mil- 
waukee, and  has  since  that  time  been  engaged  in  business  for  himself. 
During  1907-09,  he  handled  the  Mitchell  automobile,  and  in  1910  took 
the  Overland,  a  machine  Avhich  he  still  represents.  He  is  now  state 
representative  of  the  Willys-Overland  Company  of  Toledo,  and  super- 
vises the  sales  of  sixty-five  agents  throughout  the  state  of  Wiscon- 
sin. He  has  incorporated  the  retail  depai-tment  of  his  business  under 
the  name  of  the  George  W.  Browne  Automobile  Company,  and  be- 
sides the  Overland  carries  the  Stutz  car  as  a  side  line.  To  care  for 
the  wholesale  end  of  his  business  he  incorporated  the  Overland-Wis- 
consin Company,  the  incorporation  of  both  firms  having  been  made 
on  August  7,  1912.  Mr.  Browne  is  owner  of  all  the  stock  except  two 
shares  in  each  company,  and  is  president  of  each.  During  the  first 
quarter  of  the  year  1913,  his  books  showed  sales  of  twelve  hundred 
and  fifty  Overland  cars,  as  compared  with  seven  hundred  and  fifty 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1525 

during  the  same  period  in  1912.  The  business  of  his  companies  now 
aggregate  more  than  a  million  dollars  each  year.  The  place  of  business 
is  at  510-16  Broadway  and  is  the  largest  automobile  salesroom  in 
Wisconsin.  A  new  feature  has  been  added  therein,  that  of  suspend- 
ing automobiles  from  the  ceiling.  The  capacity  of  the  place  is  400 
machines. 

Mr.  Browne  is  popular  in  both  business  and  social  circles  in  Mil- 
waukee. He  is  affiliated  with  Milwaukee  Lodge,  No.  46,  B.  P.  0.  E. 
with  the  Milwaukee  Athletic  Club,  the  Milwaukee  Automobile  Club, 
the  Milwaukee  Sharpshooters  Gun  Club,  the  Blue  Mound  Country 
Club  and  has  membership  in  the  Merchants  &  Manufacturers  Asso- 
ciation. A  lover  of  music,  Mr.  Browne  was  formerly  a  member  of 
the  trio  in  the  Church  of  the  Ascension  at  Chicago,  a  high  Episcopal 
church.  He  is  very  fond  of  outdoor  life,  as  would  be  natural  in  an 
automobile  man,  and  besides  motoring  he  is  fond  of  golf  and  all  other 
outdoor  sports,  including  a  particular  penchant  for  duck  hunting. 

On  December  15,  1906,  in  Chicago,  Mr.  Browne  married  Miss  Jane 
Olga  Johnson,  a  daughter  of  the  late  A.  J.  Johnson,  who  was  the 
founder  of  the  furniture  manufacturing  business  in  Chicago  now  car- 
ried on  by  his  son.  Mrs.  Browne  was  born  and  educated  in  Chicago, 
where  her  mother  still  lives.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Browne  have  two  children : 
George  W.  Jr.,  and  Jane  Olga,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  Milwaukee. 

Albert  Rusch.  The  present  sheriff  of  Oconto  county.  Albert  Rusch, 
has  lived  in  this  section  of  Wisconsin  nearly  all  his  life,  a  period  of 
more  than  forty  years,  and  his  family  were  among  the  pioneers  of 
Oconto  county.  He  has  long  enjoyed  the  high  esteem  of  his  fellow  citi- 
zens, and  his  election  to  his  present  office  was  but  an  evidence  of  his 
personal  popularity  and  the  judgment  of  the  people  of  Oconto  county, 
that  he  was  the  best  equipped  man  for  the  place.  He  was  elected  on 
the  Republican  ticket  in  the  fall  of  1912,  and  began  his  official  duties  on 
the  first  Monday  in  January  of  the  following  year.  In  1910  Mr.  Rusch 
was  a  candidate  for  this  office,  also  on  the  Republican  ticket,  but  was 
defeated  by  Former  Sheriff  Burns.  It  was  a  close  race,  and  a  margin 
of  only  twenty-five  votes  prevented  him  from  entering  the  office  two 
years  before  he  did.  In  1912,  though  in  a  Democratic  year,  Mr.  Rusch 
was  elected  by  a  plurality  of  twelve  hundred  and  fifty-eight. 

Mr.  Rusch 's  residence  in  Oconto  county  dates  from  September,  1871. 
He  Avas  born  in  Germany,  August  14,  1864,  a  son  of  Godfried  and  Louisa 
Rusch.  The  mother  died  in  1907  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-orie, 
while  the  father  is  still  living  and  has  his  home  with  Sheriff  Rusch. 
Albert  Rusch  was  eight  years  old  when  the  family  left  Germany  and 
crossed  the  ocean  to  America,  going  direct  to  Oconto  county,  in  Wis- 
consin. The  father  settled  at  Stiles  in  this  county,  and  in  that  day  when 
the  lumber  industrv  was  the  chief  concern  of  this  section  of  the  state 


1526  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

the  father  fouud  employmeut  as  a  mill  worker,  aud  also  in  the  lumber 
camps  iu  the  woods,  following  that  line  of  vocation  until  he  retired.  In 
1897  the  family  moved  to  the  city  of  Oconto,  where  Albert  finished  a 
schooling  begun  in  the  district  schools. 

He  was  only  a  boy  when  he  began  eai'ning  his  own  way,  and  has 
ahvays  relied  on  hard  work  and  industry  to  put  him  ahead  in  the  world. 
He  worked  around  the  saw  mills  for  a  time,  and  afterwards  learned 
the  shoemaker's  trade,  at  which  he  was  employed  most  of  the  time  until 
he  entered  the  office  of  sheriff.  Mr.  Rusch  entered  upon  his  official 
duties  with  a  thorough  familiarity  with  the  sheriff's  office.  He  has  been 
connected  oft'  and  on  with  the  sheriff's  office  since  1894,  having  served 
as  deputy  and  as  under  sheriff,  and  in  1897  Governor  Edward  Scofield 
appointed  him  to  fill  out  an  unexpired  term  of  sheriff,  caused  by  the 
death  of  Charles  Quirt,  who  died  while  still  in  office.  Thus  ]\Ir.  Rusch 
filled  the  office  thirteen  months  during  1897-98. 

On  February  5,  1891,  Mr.  Rusch  married  Miss  Mary  Eichman,  of 
the  town  of  Pensaukee  in  Oconto  county.  The  six  children  born  to 
their  marriage  are:  Louise,  Carl,  Florence,  Marie,  Henrietta,  and 
Harold.  The  fraternal  affiliations  of  Mr.  Rusch  are  with  the  Equitable 
Fraternal  Union  and  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

Arthur  E.  Cleveland.  There  is  perhaps  no  better  known  citizen 
in  Oconto  county  than  Arthur  E.  Cleveland,  whose  residence  here 
extends  over  a  period  of  thirty-seven  years.  He  is  now  ably  serving  as 
treasurer  of  Oconto  county,  to  which  office  he  was  elected  in  1912  on 
the  Republican  ticket,  assuming  the  duties  of  the  office  on  Januaxy  6, 
1913,  and  succeeding  J.  E.  Keefe  therein.  Mr.  Cleveland  was  born  in 
Kewaunee  county,  Wisconsin,  near  Kewaunee,  on  March  29,  1874,  and 
is  a  son  of  Levi  and  Nancy  (Major)  Cleveland,  who  have  been  residents 
of  the  state  for  more  than  forty  years. 

Levi  Cleveland  came  from  New  York  state,  while  the  mother  is  Cana- 
dian born,  and  they  were  married  in  Michigan.  In  1877  they  moved 
from  Kewaunee  county,  where  they  had  settled  after  their  marriage, 
and  located  in  the  town  of  Pensaukee,  in  Oconto  county,  and  they  are 
still  residents  thereabout,  maintaining  their  home  in  Oconto  Falls,  and 
living  retired. 

Arthur  E.  Cleveland  was  reared  on  the  Pensaukee  farm,  the  place 
now  being  called  Morgan.  He  attended  the  schools  of  the  community 
and  later  entered  the  Valparaiso  Indiana  Normal  School,  after  he  had 
finished  the  Oconto  high  school.  He  taught  school  in  Oconto  county 
for  three  years,  and  since  that  time  he  has  been  chiefly  active  as  a 
farmer.  He  owned  a  farm  of  eighty  acres  in  the  town  of  Morgan, 
Oconto  county,  which  he  operated  until  1905,  when  he  sold  it  and  went 
to  Green  Bay,  there  engaging  in  the  grocery  business.  He  remained 
thus  occupied  for  about  a  year,  when  he  moved  to  Deer  Lodge,  Montana, 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1527 

and  there  for  some  few  months  he  ran  a  moving  picture  show,  after 
which  he  returned  to  Oconto  and  resumed  his  farming  activities  until 
he  entered  upon  the  duties  of  his  office  as  county  treasurer  some  months 
ago. 

While  a  resident  of  Morgan  Mr.  Cleveland  served  his  town  as  town 
clerk  for  five  years,  that  being  his  first  public  service. 

In  1898  Mr.  Cleveland  was  married  to  Miss  Stella  Barnum,  of  Chi- 
cago, Illinois,  and  they  have  one  child,  Esther  Cleveland.  Mr.  Cleve- 
land is  a  member  of  the  Fraternal  Reserve  Association,  of  the  Yeomen, 
and  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 

A  citizen  of  the  highest  order,  Mr.  Cleveland  has  taken  his  full  share 
in  the  civic  and  other  responsibilities  of  the  communal  life,  and  takes 
his  place  among  the  most  highly  esteemed  men  of  the  county,  where  he 
has  lived  for  so  many  years. 

Hunter  C.  Ore.  All  his  life  Hunter  C.  Orr  has  been  a  resident  of 
Oconto  county  and  though  he  is  yet  in  his  early  manhood,  he  has  al- 
ready come  to  occupy  a  prominent  place  in  the  city  of  Oconto  and  in 
the  county,  giving  promise  of  a  greater  prominence  in  the  years  to 
come,  and  a  greater  public  service  on  his  part.  He  is  now  serving  as 
Countj^  Clerk  of  Oconto  county,  an  office  to  which  he  was  elected  in  the 
fall  of  1912,  and  the  duties  of  which  he  assumed  on  January  6,  1913. 
He  succeeded  Charles  Norton  in  the  office,  that  gentleman  now  holding 
the  office  of  Deputy  Register  of  Deeds. 

Born  on  a  farm  in  Oconto  county,  on  August  22,  1882,  Hunter  C. 
Orr  is  the  son  of  J.  R.  and  Lanie  (Helmerick)  Orr,  both  of  whom  are 
still  living,  and  now  residents  of  Flint,  Michigan.  They  came  to  Oconto 
in  the  seventies,  and  in  this  county  long  maintained  their  residence. 
The  mother  was  born  in  old  Fort  Howard,  now  known  as  Green  Bay, 
Wisconsin,  and  her  father  was  a  native  of  Germany,  coming  to  Wiscon- 
sin as  a  boy.  His  name  was  Fred  Helmerick,  long  deceased,  but  for 
many  years  a  resident  of  Green  Bay.  J.  R.  Orr,  the  father  of  Hunter  C. 
Orr,  was  born  in  Pennsylvania,  and  he  came  to  Wisconsin  as  a  boy  of 
twelve  years.  His  father,  Hunter  Orr,  owned  a  saw  mill  in  Oconto 
in  the  seventies  and  was  fairly  successful.  Up  to  1910  the  parents 
of  Hunter  C.  Orr  of  this  reveiw  made  their  home  in  the  town  of  Abrams, 
and  in  that  year  they  sold  their  farm,  bought  a  place  in  the  vicinity  of 
Flint,  Michigan,  and  there  they  now  make  their  home,  as  has  been  pre- 
viously stated. 

Hunter  C.  Orr  was  reared  on  his  father's  farm  and  he  attended  the 
country  schools  as  he  was  privileged  to,  and  spent  a  good  deal  of  his 
time  on  the  home  farm.  When  he  reached  young  manhood  he  went  into 
the  lumberwoods  and  worked  there  for  a  time,  then  turned  his  atten- 
tion to  railroading  and  up  to  January,  1910,  he  was  employed  as  a 
switchman.    At  that  time  his  usefulness  as  a  switchman  was  destroved 


1528  HISTORY  OF  WLSCONSIX 

by  the  loss  of  his  right  leg,  which  was  severed  two  and  a  half  inches 
below  the  knee,  and  on  October  20,  1912,  he  underwent  an  operation 
through  which  he  lost  his  left  leg  just  above  the  knee.  His  election  to 
the  office  of  county  clerk  has  made  it  possible  for  him  to  maintain  him- 
self and  his  family  in  a  suitable  manner,  despite  his  unfortunate  state, 
and  it  is  believed  that  he  will  be  continued  in  the  office  indefinitely,— 
certainly  as  long  as  the  quality  and  character  of  his  service  is  main- 
tained up  to  its  present  standard. 

Mr.  Orr  was  married  on  December  21,  1909,  to  Miss  Lenora  Wright, 
of  Oconto,  Wisconsin,  a  daughter  of  George  and  Addie  (Sumberg) 
Wright.  The  father,  a  well  known  scaler  of  these  parts,  died  in  1910, 
while  the  mother  still  lives. 

Mr.  Orr  is  a  member  of  the  Brotherhood  of  Railway  Trainmen. 

Oakland  A.  Ellis.  Forty-eight  years  of  continuous  residence  in 
Oconto  gives  to  Oakland  A.  Ellis  a  place  of  prominence  in  business  and 
other  circles  of  the  community  that  is  well  nigh  incontestible.  As 
president  of  the  Citizens'  National  Bank,  his  position  would  be  assured, 
but  he  is  also  known  as  secretary,  treasurer  and  manager  of  the  Oconto 
Company,  and  for  twenty  years  he  has  been  chairman  of  the  Oconto 
County  Board  of  Supervisors. 

Oakland  A.  Ellis  came  to  Wisconsin  from  the  state  of  Maine,  where 
he  was  born  in  Oldtowu,  on  October  20,  1840,  the  son  of  William  and 
Miranda  Ellis.  When  he  was  sixteen  years  old  Mr.  Ellis  took  into  his 
own  hands  the  resj^onsibility  for  his  future  success  or  failure,  but  with 
a  well  defined  idea  of  his  own  part  as  to  which  it  should  be,  and  at  that 
age  went  to  work  for  the  firm  of  Clark,  How  &  Demerrett,  of  Boston, 
his  work  taking  him  to  Brompton  Falls,  Quebec,  Canada,  in  the  mills 
of  that  then  well  known  lumber  company.  Mr.  Ellis  continued  in  mill 
work  until  he  had  acquainted  himself  with  practically  every  branch 
of  the  business,  traveling  all  over  the  country  and  stopping  wherever 
lumber  mills  were  found.  In  1862  he  enlisted  in  Company  I  of  the 
Twenty-Eighth  Volunteer  Infantry,  and  for  two  years  he  participated 
with  his  regiment  in  the  activities  of  the  Civil  war,  seeing  much  of 
service  and  becoming  acquainted  with  the  hardships  of  war  in  all  its 
unattractiveness  and  miser3^  When  he  left  the  service  upon  the  ex- 
piration of  his  two  year  enlistment  period,  he  went  to  Massachusetts 
and  engaged  in  the  cotton  mill  business,  continuing  thus  until  he  came 
to  Wisconsin.  He  located  first  at  Peshtigo,  then  in  its  prime  as  a  lum- 
ber center,  and  was  employed  by  the  Peshtigo  Company  of  that  place 
until  he  came  to  Oconto  a  year  later. 

Arriving  in  Oconto  in  about  1866,  his  first  work  was  in  the  store  of 
Holt  &  Baleom,  the  firm  now  being  known  as  the  Holt  Lumber  Com- 
pany, and  he  was  in  their  store  and  office  for  three  years.  On  March 
17,  1869,  he  became  manager  of  the  Oconto  Company,  which  position 


-^(fU:^-^^^^,^     -^^^L^^rS^^^ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1529 

he  has  retained  continuously  since  that  time,  advancing  in  the  favor 
of  the  concern  until  he  became  a  partner,  and  later  becoming  secretary 
and  treasurer  of  the  business,  as  well  as  its  general  manager. 

For  years  Mr.  Ellis  was  a  director  in  the  Citizens'  National  Bank, 
and  in  1910  he  became  president,  it  being  one  of  the  most  solid  financial 
institutions  in  the  county.  A  Republican  of  stanch  order,  Mr.  Ellis 
has  been  a  delegate  to  certain  national  conventions,  among  them  the 
one  that  nominated  William  McKinley.  He  is  one  of  the  most  public- 
spirited  citizens  of  the  community,  up  and  doing  in  the  best  interests 
of  the  city  at  all  times,  and  he  is  now  serving  as  chairman  of  the  Board 
of  Trustees  of  the  Farnsworth  Public  Library  of  Oconto,  the  same 
having  been  donated  by  George  Farnsworth,  who  was  the  father-in-law 
of  Mr.  Ellis. 

In  1869  Mr.  Ellis  married  Miss  Carline  E.  Farnsworth,  of  Oconto, 
BJid  to  them  have  been  born  three  children.  Gertrude,  George  W.,  a 
resident  of  Green  Bay,  Wisconsin,  and  Fred  C.  Ellis,  of  Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin. 

Leander  Choate.  In  the  death  of  Leander  Choate  on  October  18, 
1909,  the  City  of  Oshkosh  and  the  State  of  Wisconsin  lost  a  remarkable 
citizen  and  benefactor.  Leander  Choate  was  a  New  Englander,  pos- 
sessed of  all  the  rugged  native  virtues  and  wholesome  training  of 
that  stock;  was  one  of  the  pioneers  in  Wisconsin,  in  the  development 
of  the  great  lumber  industry,  and  a  man  of  such  progress  and  enter- 
prise that  his  business  activities  were  never  confined  to  any  one 
channel.  As  a  laborer,  a  farmer,  a  merchant  a  banker,  a  manufacturer, 
a  financier,  and  a  philanthropist,  he  became  acquainted  with  almost 
all  avenues  of  business  life.  His  philanthropy  was  not  of  the  ordi- 
nary kind,  and  did  not  consist  so  much  in  the  giving  of  generous 
sums  of  money  to  institutions  and  organizations,  although  his  con- 
tributions in  this  respect  were  hardly  less  important  than  those  of  any 
Wisconsin  citizen,  but  the  benevolence  by  which  he  won  himself  a 
permanent  place  in  the  affections  of  men  was  his  spirit  and  practice 
of  helpfulness  to  younger  men.  It  is  said  that  on  the  day  of  his  burial, 
the  flags  on  a  number  of  factories  in  Oshkosh  were  placed  at  half- 
mast,  out  of  respect  to  the  memory  of  the  man  whose  encouragement 
and  helpfulness  had  been  the  chief  factors  in  the  success  of  the  heads 
and  managers  of  those  industries. 

From  a  biography  and  character  sketch,  written  after  the  death  of 
Leander  Choate,  and  containing  an  analysis  and  appreciative  esti- 
mate of  the  life  and  services  of  the  late  Oshkosh  citizen,  the  greater 
part  of  the  following  review  of  that  life  is  taken. 

Leander  Choate  was  born  on  his  father's  somewhat  barren,  but 
picturesque,  farm  near  the  little  hamlet  of  South  Bridgton,  Maine, 
on  November  17,  1834.    He  was  of  the  seventh  generation  in  descent 


1530  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

from  John  Choate,  who  had  come  to  Ipswich,  of  Massachusetts  liay 
Province,  previous  to  1643.  Of  the  early  generations  of  the  family 
little  is  known.  The  old  homestead  about  Ipswich  is  even  to  the 
present  time  eloquent  of  their  familiarity  with  honest  toil,  and  with 
the  homes  of  brave,  true-hearted  Puritan  families.  From  that  early 
settlement  on  the  shore  of  Cape  Ann,  Ebenezer  Choate,  grandfather 
of  Leander,  removed  in  1800  to  Bridgton,  Maine.  He  brought  with 
him  his  wife,  who  was  Elizabeth  Choate  and  four  small  children. 
Ebenezer  Choate  had  served  in  the  Continental  army  during  the 
Revolutionary  war,  going  in  as  a  private  at  the  age  of  fifteen  in  1779, 
and  was  discharged  May  10,  1782.  His  early  life  thereafter  was  spent 
on  the  high  seas,  as  a  sailor,  and  he  rose  to  the  command  of  a  vessel. 
While  a  man  of  inferior  education,  owing  to  lack  of  early  opportu- 
nities, he  did  for  fifty  years  uphold  a  useful  part  in  promoting  the  social 
and  moral  welfare  of  the  community  in  which  he  lived. 

Nehemiali  Choate,  second  son  in  the  family  of  Ebenezer  was  born  at 
Ipswich,  Massachusetts,  in  1799,  was  gifted  with  a  vigorous  consti- 
tution, was  early  inured  to  toil,  and  the  duties  of  the  farm  and  the 
forest  were  no  hardship  to  him.  At  the  age  of  thirty  he  married 
Rebecca  Kimball,  who  was  born  at  Andover,  Massachusetts,  fifteen 
days  before  her  husband's  birth.  For  a  homestead  they  bought  land 
adjoining  his  father's  farm,  including  the  summit  of  Choate  Hill. 
Farm  life  in  Maine  at  that  time  was  of  primitive  simplicity.  The  farm 
was  made  to  yield  all  supplies  of  household  wants.  There  was  need  of 
tillage  and  pasturage,  of  fuel  and  timber.  Wheat  and  corn  were  grown 
for  the  table,  flax  and  wool  for  the  spinning  wheel  and  the  loom. 
Topographically  also  the  farm  was  one  to  inspire  an  early  life.  In 
the  clear  atmosphere  among  the  wooded  hills,  and  with  an  inspiring 
view  of  the  Presidential  group  of  the  White  Mountains  in  the  dis- 
tance, all  the  surroundings  were  those  of  quiet  beauty  and  such  as 
would  inevitably  leave  their  impress  for  good  upon  any  human  exist- 
ence begun  and  continued  for  any  length  of  time  in  their  midst.  The 
little  community  of  South  Bridgton  was  one  of  intellectual  and  religi- 
ous culture,  and  Nehemiah  Choate  was  one  of  the  leaders,  being  the 
last  surviving  member  of  the  Congregational  parish,  in  which  he  was 
a  charter  member. 

Such  were  the  ancestry  and  the  home  into  which  Leander  Choate 
was  born.  He  was  the  second  in  a  family  of  five  children,  and  his 
older  brother  was  lame  from  infancy,  a  circumstance  which  made  it 
necessary  that  the  second  son  become  his  father's  help  on  the  farm 
as  early  and  as  fast  as  his  strength  could  be  of  service.  The  life 
was  one  of  toil  and  more  or  less  hardships,  but  the  youth  had  inher- 
ited a  good  constitution  and  a  ready  spirit  of  helpfulness.  There  was 
little  time  left  for  schooling,  and  the  schools  were  poor  in  equipment 
and  instruction,  there  being  but  two  short  terms  each  year,  one  in  the 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1531 

summer,  when  the  boy  was  at  work  in  the  fields,  and  the  other  in  the 
winter  when  the  frigid  character  of  tlie  season  handicapped  attend- 
ance. To  fill  this  gap,  Leander  Choate  was  fortunate  in  possessing  a 
mother  who  was  an  experienced  teacher,  and  who  could  supplement 
the  work  of  the  school,  and  in  a  mother's  way  supply  its  deficiencies. 
The  home  lessons  were  those  of  courage  and  self-reliance,  and  the 
circumstances  of  the  family  were  calculated  to  enforce  the  instruction. 
At  the  age  of  seventeen  the  son  undertook  to  relieve  his  father  of  the 
burden  of  debt  which  had  been  incurred  in  rebuilding  the  farmhouse, 
which  had  been  destroyed  by  fire  a  few  years  before.  The  amount  of 
the  debt  was  some  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars.  This  he  engaged 
himself  to  pay,  if  his  father  woiild  relinquish  to  him  his  time,  so  that 
he  could  act  for  himself  as  if  he  had  reached  his  majority.  It  was  not 
an  uncommon  practice  at  that  period  for  the  son  of  a  poor  family  to 
"Buy  his  time."  as  it  was  said.  Farm  labor  at  which  he  had  his 
only  training  was  poorly  paid,  the  hours  were  long,  and  Leander 
Choate  was  anxious  to  open  up  other  avenues  of  enterprise  and  at  the 
earliest  possible  time  get  experience  which  would  train  his  strong 
hands  and  stout  heart  and  ready  will  for  the  larger  things  of  life.  In 
due  time  the  debt  was  paid,  and  at  his  arrival  at  full  age,  he  had 
valuable  experience,  his  self-reliance  and  credit  were  strengthened 
in  his  neighborhood,  but  his  supply  of  real  money  was  probably  very 
small.  There  can-  be  no  doubt  that  this  experience  of  his  early  years 
directed  his  helpfulness  in  later  life  to  worthy  young  men,  who  stood 
in  need  of  friendly  aid.  He  had  realized  the  need  of  help  in  his  own 
ease,  and  had  seen  how  much  an  earnest  upright  life  is  worth  to  the 
world. 

When  Leander  Choate  was  twenty-one  years  of  age,  he  entered 
the  employment  of  Choate  &  Tolman,  wood  and  coal  dealers  of  Lynn, 
Massachusetts.  The  senior  member  of  this  firm  was  Alden  Choate, 
his  uncle.  After  a  year  and  a  half  with  this  company,  he  purchased 
a  parcel  express  route,  between  Boston  and  Charlestown.  This  busi- 
ness he  carried  on  until  1857,  when  he  removed  to  Wisconsin,  and 
engaged  in  what  was  destined  to  be  the  work  of  his  life.  At  this 
point  the  biographer,  in  explanation  of  the  space  devoted  to  the  early 
years  of  Mr.  Choate,  quotes  a  remark  made  by  the  latter  after  he  had 
reached  the  full  tide  of  prosperity  to  the  effect  that  it  had  cost  him 
more  effort  to  gain  the  first  thousand  dollars  than  to  add  many  thou- 
sands that  had  come  to  him  later. 

The  firm  of  Choate  &  Tolman  removed  from  Massachusetts  to  Wis- 
consin, and  Leander  Choate  went  with  them.  The  new  field  was  suited 
to  his  tastes  and  to  his  training.  He  knew  what  lumbering  was  in 
Maine,  the  conditions  were  but  little  different  in  Northern  Wisconsin. 
He  was  employed  to  oversee  the  work  in  the  woods.  The  young  lumber- 
man's genius  for  contrivance  enabled- him  to  master  all  matters  of  de- 


1532  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

tails,  as  fast  as  they  arose.  He  made  himself  conversant  with  every  de- 
partment of  the  work,  from  the  cutting  to  the  marketing.  The  men 
with  whom  he  was  associated  were  most  of  them  from  Maine.  They  had 
helped  to  exhaust  the  resoui'ces  of  the  western  part  of  that  state,  and 
they  were  ready  to  do  the  same  for  northern  Wisconsin  and  Michi- 
gan. It  was  the  longer  range  of  Mr.  Choate's  vision  that  led  to  his 
success.  Although  he  was  running  mills  almost  as  long  as  he  lived, 
yet  he  began  early  to  buy  timber  for  investment.  He  foresaw  the 
rapid  increase  in  the  value  of  thes6  lands  and  the  profits  of  husbanding 
resources  for  future  needs. 

When  Leander  Choate  began  business  for  himself  in  1862  he 
became  associated  with  Mr.  James  M.  Bray.  The  firm  of  Bray  & 
Choate  continued  in  business  until  the  death  of  Mr.  Bray,  only  a  few 
months  before  the  death  of  his  junior  partner.  Owing  to  the  infirmity 
of  the  senior  member,  the  burden  of  managing  the  diverse  interests  of 
the  company  had  for  a  number  of  j^ears  fallen  heavily  upon  the  shoul- 
ders of  Mr.  Choate.  They  had  mills  on  the  Wisconsin  and  the  Oconto 
River,  and  at  Choate,  Michigan.  In  the  nineties  their  average  annual 
cutting  was  forty  million  feet.  At  that  time,  Mr.  Choate  was  also 
interested  in  the  Lake  Shore  Company  at  Tomahawk  Lake,  which 
cuts  twelve  million  a  year.  All  this  time  Mr.  Choate's  policy  Avas  to 
buy  timber  for  holding,  not  for  marketing. 

In  addition  to  these  lumbering  operations,  which  would  have  been 
enough  to  employ,  if  not  to  tax,  the  energies  of  almost  any  man,  Lean- 
der Choate  had  been  president  of  the  Wolf  River  Lumber  Company, 
vice  president  of  the  H.  W.  Wright  Lumber  Company,  vice  president  of 
the  Merrill  Boom  Company  at  Merrill,  Wisconsin.  He  was  president  of 
the  Choate-Hollister  Furniture  Company,  vice  president  of  the  San- 
ford  Logging  Tool  Company,  and  president  of  the  Oshkosh  Log  and 
Lumber  Company.  He  was  also  coiniected  with  the  Oshkosh  Water 
Works  Company,  and  the  Wisconsin  Electric  Railway  Company. 

At  the  time  of  his  death  Mr.  Choate  was  president  of  the  Oshkosh 
Savings  and  Trust  Company,  president  of  the  Davis-Hansen  Company, 
president  of  the  Co-Operative  Coal  &  lee  Company,  president  of  The 
Oshkosh  Grass  Matting  Company,  president  of  the  Wegner  Fuel  Com- 
pany, president  of  the  Coal  Briquette  Machine  Company,  president  of 
The  Oshkosh  Clothing  Manufacturing  Company,  vice  president  of  the 
Oshkosh  Logging  Tool  Company,  vice  president  of  the  Oshkosh  Muslin 
Underwear  Company,  stockholder  in  the  Wolf  River  Paper  and  Fiber 
Company  of  Shawano,  stockholder  in  the  Sehmit  Brothers  Trunk 
Company,  trustee  of  the  Oshkosh  Public  Library  and  trustee  of  the 
First  Congregational  church  of  that  city. 

The  industrial  enterprises  and  the  public  interests  in  which  Leander 
Choate  bore  so  heavy  a  responsibility,  testify  to  that  esteem  in  which 
he  was  held  among  men  of  affairs.    His  fellow  citizens,  who  had  known 


HISTOEY  OF  WISCONSIN  1533 

him  intimately  for  many  years,  could  well  say  of  him  that  "He  was 
one  of  the  leading  citizens  and  one  of  the  best  friends  of  Oshkosh." 
Honesty  was  the  cardinal  virtue  which  marked  his  life.  He  was  integ- 
rity personified.  He  lent  his  aid  to  many  worthy  enterprises  and  to 
many  men.  He  was  thoroughly  interested  in  all  that  pertained  to  the 
business  welfare  of  the  city.  There  was  never  a  project  mentioned 
that  did  not  receive  his  support,  moral  and  financial,  if  it  was  worthy 
of  support  at  all.  Morally,  he  was  as  clean  as  a  man  can  be.  He  was 
courteous,  unassuming,  and,  above  all,  he  was  charitable.  I  never 
heard  him  speak  ill  of  any  one.  He  loved  his  fellowmen,  and  always 
displayed  the  true  Christian  spirit." 

In  his  financial  relations  the  strength  of  Mr.  Choate  's  character  was 
recognized.  To  what  extent  he  held  the  confidence  of  his  associates 
may  be  seen  from  the  number  and  the  importance  of  those  trusts 
which  he  had  in  his  keeping.  He  was  president  of  the  Commercial 
National  Bank  of  Oshkosh,  of  the  National  Bank  of  Manitowoc,  and 
of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Stoughton;  vice  president  of  the  First 
National  Bank  of  New  London,  director  of  the  Marine  National  Bank 
of  Milwaukee,  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Marshfield. 

One  who  had  been  very  close  to  him  in  business  relations  said  for 
publication  at  the  time  of  his  death:  "Modest,  unassuming,  quiet, 
retiring,  willing  to  trust  humanity  for  humanity's  sake;  charitable  in 
his  estimate  of  men;  a  man  of  broad  ideals,  ready  to  engage  in  large 
enterprises,  possessing  an  intuitive  discernment  wonderfully  remark- 
able ;  a  man  whose  judgment  was  eagerly  sought  by  men  engaged  in 
new  projects,  particularly,  in  development  of  new  countries,  timber- 
lands,  saw  mills,  railroad  and  like  enterprises — such  a  man  Avas 
Leander  Choate." 

This  comprehensive  characterization  of  the  man  shows  many  of 
his  qualities.  It  leads  easily  to  the  opinion  expressed  by  another  of 
his  fellow  citizens  on  the  same  occasion:  "He  was  kind  and  just,  and 
he  accepted  the  paternal  role  for  more  than  one  young  man  in  Osh- 
kosh for  many  years.  It  was  his  habit  to  assist  young  men  who  were 
anxious  to  start  in  business.  More  than  one  successful  business  man 
of  this  city  owes  much  to  Mr.  Choate,  though  he  has  repaid  all  monetarj' 
loans.  He  was  always  ready  to  give  audience  to  an.y  ambitious  young 
man  if  this  one  appeared  to  be  square,  and  he  was  a  good  judge  of 
human  nature.  He  was  himself  so  honest  and  square  that  he  endeav- 
ored to  attribute  these  qualities  to  others.  It  was  a  very  rare  thing 
for  him  to  speak  a  word  of  censure  of  any  one.  He  tried  to  palliate 
and  excuse  others'  faults." 

Besides  his  many  business  associates  Mdio  testified  to  the  eminent 
qualities  of  his  ability  and  personal  integrity,  one  who  had  known  him 
intimately  in  other  relations  than  those  of  the  business  world,  was  his 
pastor,  who  said:     "One  of  the  characteristics  of  Mr.  Choate 's  life 


1534  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

that  profoundly  impressed  me  was  his  unassuming,  unostentatious 
nature.  I  was  also  impressed  with  the  absolute  integrity  and  honor 
that  marked  all  his  business  and  social  relationship.  I  have  met  with 
many  instances  of  his  financial  and  sympathetic  helpfulness.  I  know 
young  men  who  have  told  me  that  they  owed  their  start  in  life  to  Mr. 
Choate's  kindly  financial  aid.  All  his  benefactions  were  marked  by 
modesty,  and  there  are  innumerable  instances  of  his  aid  that  were 
known  only  to  himself  and  his  beneficiaries. 

"Although  he  had  an  undemonstrative  nature,  he  was  at  heart  a 
deeply  religious  man,  broad  and  generous  in  his  conceptions  of  religion 
and  life.  He  was  an  attendant  at  the  services  of  my  church,  and  took 
an  earnest  interest  in  everything  that  pertained  to  the  welfare  of 
that  organization.  He  was  the  chairman  of  the  advisory  committee  of 
the  new  church  edifice  and  did  much  towards  that  enterprise." 

The  public  press  of  the  state  gave  much  space  in  both  the  news 
and  editorial  column  to  the  life  and  services  of  Leander  Choate.  The 
Daily  Northwestern  said  editorially:     "The  announcement  was  made 

this  morning  that  Leander  Choate  had  passed  away Mr. 

Choate  was  one  of  the  real  leaders  in  business  circles,  and  in  business 
activities,  and  his  passing  will  make  a  difference  that  will  be  noticed 
and  felt  by  many. 

"For  over  a  half  century,  Mr.  Choate  had  resided  in  Oshkosh, 
coming  to  this  place  when  it  was  nothing  more  than  a  struggling  vil- 
lage in  the  western  wilderness.  He  and  Oshkosh  grew  up  together,  as 
it  were,  and  their  success  and  eventual  prosperity  were  accomplished 
along  the  same  general  lines  and  conditioned  on  the  same  general 
characteristics.  Mr.  Choate  was  always  known  as  an  earnest  and 
sincere  worker,  faithful  and  progressive,  and  ever  ready  to  help  others 
succeed  at  the  same  time  with  himself.  Many  a  business  man  has  had 
reason  to  thank  Leander  Choate  for  a  helping  hand  extended  in  time 
of  need,  while  his  charities  and  benefactions  were  many  and  con- 
scientiously generous. 

"Personally,  Mr.  Choate  was  modest  and  unassuming,  mild  man- 
nered and  companionable  to  a  marked  degree,  and  he  has  a  host  of 
friends  who  have  placed  a  high  valuation  on  his  friendship.  He  will 
be  missed  perhaps  as  much  as  any  resident  of  Oshkosh ;  yet,  in  con- 
templation of  the  full  fruition  of  his  long  and  useful  life  there  can 
be  no  cause  for  regret  other  than  the  usual  one,  when  we  hate  to  see 
our  good  friends  and  representative  citizens  called  away.  His  record 
is  finished,  however,  and  it  is  a  record  to  be  proud  of,  and  to  stand 
as  an  example  for  others.  For  he  was  a  good  citizen,  a  kind  and  con- 
siderate friend,  and  a  man  who  helped  to  make  the  world  brighter  for 
others. ' ' 

Leander  Choate  was  married  December  19,  1858,  to  his  cousin, 
Adeline  Pratt  Choate,  daughter  of  Alden  and  Mary  Ann   (Sherman) 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1535 

Clioate.  The  children  of  their  marriage,  with  records  of  birtli  aud 
death  are  as  follows :  lola  Amelia,  born  June  10,  1860,  died  December 
21,  1862;  Frank  Lee,  born  May  21,  1864,  died  December  20,  1888; 
George,  born  August  25,  1867,  died  Julj'  27,  1877 ;  Lulu,  born  October 
30,  1875,  died  May  16,  1889 ;  Ona  Irene,  born  November  13,  1878,  died 
November  12,  1888.  Only  one  child  grew  to  adult  years,  and  he  with 
two  others  were  taken  from  the  happy  family  cii^cle  within  the  brief 
period  between  November,  1888,  and  May,  1889.  To  help  him  bear 
this  heavy  load  of  sorrow,  there  walked  through  their  married  life  of 
more  than  fifty  years,  close  by  his  side,  the  devoted  wife  and  mother 
of  his  children,  supporting  him  with  the  strength  of  Avoman's  nature. 
On  the  occasion  of  their  golden  wedding,  December  19,  1908,  the  press 
of  the  city  spoke  for  the  whole  community  in  saying  of  Mrs.  Clioate : 
"His  estimable  wife  has  always  been  prominent  in  club  work  and  in 
all  lines  of  endeavor,  in  which  public  spirited  and  whole-souled  women 
take  interest.  Both  have  been  tried  and  true,  and  both  enjoy  the 
confidence,  esteem  and  unbounded  respect  of  the  members  of  the  com- 
munity in  which  they  live." 

It  would  burden  the  pages  of  this  work  and  entail  much  repetition 
to  quote  further  from  the  many  eulogies  and  resolutions  and  indi- 
vidual expressions  of  esteem  which  appeared  at  the  time  of  Leander 
Choate's  passing.  Sufficient  has  been  said  to  indicate  that  a  great 
man  was  taken  from  a  community  where  he  had  lived  fifty  years  and 
where  his  enterprise  and  character  had  much  enriched,  and  it  will 
appropriately  conclude  this  ai-tiele  to  quote  a  few  paragraphs  from  a 
memorial  address  delivered  at  the  Elks  Memorial  Service. 

"Leander  Choate  knew  the  sunshine  of  a  cheerful  disposition  and 
the  shadow  of  adversity,  the  joys  of  friendships  and  the  sadness  of 
estrangement,  the  hope  of  children  and  the  disappointment  of  their 
deaths,  the  gratification  of  success,  and  the  bitterness  of  defeat,  the 
reason  of  a  strong  mind,  and  the  passion  of  great  desires,  the  love  of 
truth  and  honesty,  and  the  hatred  of  deceit.  He  knew  the  days  of 
beautiful  promise,  and  unbounded  ambition.  The  gloomy  nights  of 
sorrow  and  baffled  hopes;  the  melancholy  seasons  of  disease,  waiting, 
and  death.  He  experienced  the  childish  joys  and  pleasure  of  a  farm- 
er's son,  the  ambitions  of  an  early  pioneer  with  an  empire  to  build,  the 
responsibilities  of  vast  enterprises,  the  memory  in  old  age  of  a  great 
life's  work;  and,  lastly,  like  the  brave,  courageous  man  that  he  was, 
he  went  to  meet  his  Maker. 

"Leander  Choate  exemplified,  as  few  men  have,  the  teachings  of  our 
great  order,  Charity,  Justice,  and  Brotherly  Love.  His  life  should 
be  an  inspiration  to  us  all. 

"To  those  who  knew  him  only  in  his  public  life,  who  knew  him 
only  by  reputation  and  report,  who  were  not  so  fortunate  as  to  share 
his  acquaintance,  his  friendship,  or  his  love ;  their  loss,  while  not  to 


1536  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

be  compared  with. ours,  is  a  serious  oue.  This  commuuity  is  the  richer 
for  his  having  lived  in  it.  This  city,  this  county,  and  this  state  are 
larger  and  more  prosperous  for  his  having  lived  in  them.  Our  stand- 
ards of  citizenship  are  higher.  We  have  more  faith  in  the  honesty 
and  in  the  integrity  of  mankind,  especially  of  successful  business  men. 
No  man  can  live  so  pure  and  unselfish  a  life  for  more  than  half  a 
century  and  fail  to  be  a  benefit  to  every  man,  woman  and  child  in 
his  vicinity. 

"Leander  Choate's  greatest  legacy  is  the  beautiful  lesson  of  his 
life  and  all  the  world  must  be  the  better  for  it.  To  those  of  us  who 
have  known  his  helping  hand,  to  those  of  us  that  have  been  benefited 
by  his  wise  counsel,  and  his  sound  advice,  to  those  of  us  who  have 
had  the  inspiration  of  his  faith,  his  goodness,  his  honesty,  and  his 
charity,  the  loss  is  irreparable.  We  must  find  consolation  in  the  one 
thing  left  to  us — memory.  Memories,  those  sweet-voiced  spirits  of  the 
past,  remain  with  us  to  cheer  us  in  our  time  of  need.  They  help  us  to 
remember  the  lessons  taught  by  his  unselfish  life.  They  strengthen  us 
to  emulate  and  profit  by  his  example.  Their  name  is  legion,  and  they 
are  priceless. 

"They  do  not  ask  who  have  known  his  past, 

'  Do  such  men  really  live  ? ' 
One  might  better  ask.  While  memories  last, 

'Do  such  men  ever  die?'  " 

Alphonse  Pierre.  For  twenty  years  Alphouse  Pierre  has  been 
engaged  as  a  grain  dealer  in  Oconto,  and  the  passing  of  those  years 
has  been  sufficient  to  gain  for  him  a  place  of  no  little  prominence 
among  the  business  people  of  the  city  and  county.  He  is  the  owner  of 
a  large  grain  elevator  at  this  point  as  well  as  the  owner  of  three  mam- 
moth grain  warehouses  and  a  feed  mill,  all  in  Oconto,  and  all  consid- 
ered, his  operations  have  been  of  an  order  well  calculated  to  give  him  a 
leading  place  in  business  circles  of  the  city.  Mr.  Pierre  is  a  native 
son  of  Wisconsin,  born  in  Door  county,  on  June  13,  1864,  and  he  is  the 
son  of  Frank  and  Angeline  (DeKiser)  Pierre,  both  born  in  Belgium. 

Frank  and  Angeline  Pierre  came  to  Wisconsin  in  1858,  settling  on 
a  Door  county  farm,  there  continuing  for  many  years.  They  pros- 
pered, and  in  time  felt  themselves  able  to  retire  from  business  so  that 
for  some  years  past  they  have  been  living  quietly  at  Beaver,  in  Mari- 
nette county,  Wisconsin. 

Alphonse  Pierre  continued  on  the  Door  county  farm  with  his  par- 
ents until  he  was  seventeen  years  of  age,  and  his  education  was 
gained  in  the  country  schools.  His  first  work  was  in  a  printing  office 
at  Sturgeon  Bay,  where  he  filled  the  undignified  post  of  "devil"  to 
the  proprietor  of  the  shop,  and  he  held  that  post  for  a  year  or  more. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1537 

In  the  meantime  his  father  had  entered  into  the  flour  mill  business  at 
Brussells,  in  Door  county,  and  the  boy  gave  up  his  work  in  the  printing 
office  and  returned  home  to  help  in  the  mill,  in  which  he  continued  until 
he  first  came  to  Oconto  in  1866.  Settling  here,  he  established  a  small 
feed  store,  conducting  the  same  more  or  less  successfully  for  two  years, 
and  then  withdrawing  from  the  enterprise  and  going  to  Minneapolis, 
where  he  identified  himself  with  the  grain  business  in  varied  capacities. 
He  remained  there  for  several  years  learning  much  of  the  elevator 
business,  in  fact,  thoroughly  familiarizing  himself  with  the  enterprise, 
and  in  1893  he  returned  to  Oconto  and  established  the  business  that 
has  with  the  passing  years  assumed  the  most  generous  proportions  and 
brought  to  Mr.  Pierre  a  considerable  wealth  and  position  in  the  city. 
In  1903  he  purchased  a  large  grain  elevator,  the  same  having  a  capacity 
of  15,000  bushels,  the  elevator  then  being  located  at  Green  Bay,  "Wis- 
consin. In  the  summer  of  that  year  he  moved  the  elevator  to  Oconto, 
floating  it  down  Green  Bay,  a  most  unprecedented  method  of  moving 
freight  elevators,  but  one  that  proved  most  successful  in  his  case.  His 
entire  business  career  has  been  characterized  by  initiative  and  enter- 
prise, and  his  success  is  the  result  of  his  sturdy  application  to  business 
and  the  constant  adherence  to  business  principle  of  the  highest  order,  so 
that  he  is  not  indebted  to  the  elements  of  chance  or  luck  for  any  of  his 
successes  in  his  business  career. 

Mr.  Pierre  was  married  on  February  28,  1892,  to  Lucy,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  Samuel  Brazeau,  one  time  a  well  known  merchant  of  Oconto, 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Brazeau  Brothers,  who  were  established  in 
business  here  as  early  as  1870.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pierre  have  been  born 
seven  children,  who  are  named  here  in  the  order  of  their  birth:  May; 
Esther ;  Ruth ;  Agnes ;  Alphonse,  Jr. ;  Gabriel ;  and  Helen  Javita. 

Mr.  Pierre  is  a  member  of  the  National  Grain  Dealers'  Association, 
and  his  fraternal  relations  are  maintained  as  a  member  of  the  Benevolent 
a2id  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America  and  the 
Equitable  Fraternal  Union. 

A  man  of  excellent  character  and  standing  in  his  community.  j\Ir. 
Pierre  takes  a  prominent  place  in  the  administration  of  civic  and  politi- 
cal affairs  of  the  city,  and  is  now  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Supervisors, 
serving  the  west  ward  of  the  city  of  Oconto  on  the  board.  He  is  a  suc- 
cessful and  enterprising  man,  well  established  among  his  fellow  men, 
and  in  every  way  entitled  to  a  place  in  a  historical  and  biographical 
work  of  the  nature  of  this  publication. 

Claude  E.  Armstrong,  M.  D.  For  twenty  years  Dr.  Armstrong 
has  quietly  performed  his  round  of  professional  services  and  duties  at 
Oconto  and  in  Oconto  county,  and  is  not  only  one  of  the  oldest  but  one 
of  the  most  highly  esteemed  practitioners  of  that  state.  A  physician 
cannot  live  and  practice  his  calling  for  twenty  years  in  one  locality 
without  possessing  a  faithful  character  and  a  high  ability  and  skill, 


1538  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

qualities  which  have  contributed  to  make  the  splendid  type  of  family 
physician  known  both  in  literature  and  in  actual  life. 

Claude  E.  Armstrong  began  practice  at  Oconto  in  the  fall  of  1893. 
The  doctor  is  a  graduate  of  the  medical  department  of  Northwestern 
University  at  Chicago,  with  the  class  of  1883.  His  first  practical  Avork 
in  his  profession  was  at  Lomira  in  Dodge  county,  Wisconsin,  where  he 
remained  a  year  and  a  half.  During  the  following  five  years  he  was 
connected  with  the  State  Hospital  for  Insane  at  Mendota,  where  he 
was  for  a  time  second  assistant  physician  and  then  first  assistant  physi- 
cian. From  the  hospital  he  moved  to  Fond  du  Lac,  and  after  a  few 
months  to  his  old  home  town  of  Oakfield  in  Fond  du  Lac  county,  where 
he  was  for  a  short  time  in  partnership  with  Dr.  William  Moore.  From 
there  he  moved  to  Oconto,  where  he  has  since  enjoyed  a  large  patronage, 
and  a  substantial  position  in  the  community. 

Dr.  Armstrong  was  born  in  Sussex,  Wisconsin,  August  18,  1861, 
a  son  of  Rev.  William  C.  and  Eliza  Turner  Armstrong.  His  mother  was 
born  in  London,  England,  while  the  father  was  a  native  of  West  Vir- 
ginia, and  devoted  his  life  to  the  ministry  of  the  Episcopalian  church. 
The  grandfather  was  a  physician.  The  Rev.  William  C.  Armstrong 
died  in  1888,  and  the  mother  passed  away  when  her  son  Claude  was  six 
months  old.  Claude  E.  Armstrong  was  reared  at  Oakfield,  in  Fond  du 
Lac  county,  and  also  spent  part  of  his  youth  at  Waupaca,  where  he 
attended  the  high  school.  On  leaving  school  at  Waupaca,  he  entered 
medical  college,  and  for  thirty  years  has  been  continuously  devoted  to 
his  professional  work. 

In  1889  Dr.  Armstrong  married  Emma  Penewell,  of  Stoughton, 
Wisconsin.  Four  children  were  born  to  their  union,  mentioned  as  fol- 
lows: Marie  Adele,  who  died  at  the  age  of  three  and  a  half  years; 
June,  who  died  when  two  weeks  old;  Claudine  E.,  and  William.  Dr. 
Armstrong  has  membership  in  the  Oconto  Medical  Society,  which  he 
has  served  as  president;  in  the  Fox  River  Medical  Society,  and  the 
Wisconsin  State  Society.  The  doctor  is  affiliated  with  the  Masonic 
Order,  and  worships  in  the  Episcopal  church. 

M.  H.  Mould.  A  banker  at  Baraboo,  ]\Ir.  ;Mould  represents  a 
pioneer  family  of  Sauk  county,  started  out  when  a  boy  to  make  his 
living  by  hard  manual  labor,  and  has  for  a  number  of  years  been  one 
of  the  leading  bankers  in  this  section  of  the  state.  For  several  years 
he  held  the  position  of  president  of  the  First  National  Bank,  but  now 
is  its  cashier  and  active  manager.  The  First  National  Bank  of  Baraboo 
was  founded  in  1885,  one  of  its  organizers  having  been  T.  M.  Warren. 
It  was  reorganized  in  1905,  and  at  that  time  Mr.  Mould  assumed  the 
active  management  of  the  office  of  cashier.  The  First  National  is  in 
many  ways  a  representative  institution  being  owned  and  controlled  by 
seventy-five  persons,  all  of  them  prosperous  business  men  and  farmers 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1539 

ill  the  vicinity  of  Baraboo.  "With  a  capital  stock  of  one  hundred  thou- 
sand dollars,  the  bank  offers  all  the  advantages  of  a  strong  progressive 
institution,  and  its  facilities  are  such  that  every  accommodation  con- 
sistent with  prudent  and  conservative  management  is  offered  to  its 
patrons.  The  First  National  is  an  active  depository  of  the  United 
States  Government.  At  the  end  of  the  first  year,  after  the  reorganiza- 
tion in  1905,  the  total  resources  of  the  bank  were  a  little  more  than 
three  hundred  thousand  dollars,  while  at  the  end  of  seven  years,  accord- 
ing to  a  statement  made  to  the  comptroller  in  February,  1913,  the  total 
resources  were  nearly  a  million  dollars,  lacking  about  forty  thousand 
dollars.  The  surplus  and  profits  are  over  twenty  thousand  dollars,  and 
the  aggregate  of  deposits  are  nearly  seven  hundred  and  fifty  thousand 
dollars.  The  officers  are  T.  W.  English,  president;  D.  M.  Kelly,  vice 
president;  M.  H.  Mould,  cashier;  T.  M.  Mould  and  J.  J.  Pfannstiehl, 
assistant  cashiers. 

]\Ir.  M.  H.  Mould  was  born  February  14,  1852,  in  Herkimer  county. 
New  York,  a  son  of  Matthew  and  Jane  (Islip)  ]\Iould.  Both  his  parents 
were  natives  of  England,  and  the  father  came  to  America  in  1847  with 
his  wife  and  one  child,  locating  in  Herkimer  county,  New  York.  There 
for  ten  years  he  was  engaged  in  carriage  making,  a  trade  he  had  ac- 
quired during  his  residence  in  England.  From  western  New  York  he 
moved  to  Baraboo,  Wisconsin,  in  1857,  thus  becoming  one  of  the  pio- 
neers in  Sauk  county.  The  late  Matthew  Mould  is  remembered  as  one 
of  the  earliest  daguerreotype  artists  in  this  section  of  Wisconsin. 
Many  of  the  old  daguerreotypes  finished  by  him  are  still  to  be  seen  in 
the  homes  of  the  older  families.  He  was  an  expert  in  the  art,  and 
many  samples  of  his  work  took  first  premium  when  exhibited  in  the 
county  fairs.  He  lived  in  Sauk  county  until  his  death  in  1890  and 
his  widow  is  still  living,  being  now  eighty-five  years  of  age.  Matthew 
Mould  was  at  one  time  president  of  the  village  of  Baraboo,  and  during 
his  life  had  the  confidence  and  friendship  of  the  entire  community. 
There  were  six  children,  five  of  whom  are  yet  living,  and  the  Baraboo 
banker  was  the  third  in  order  of  birth. 

Mr.  Mould's  regular  attendance  at  the  common  schools  was  termi- 
nated when  he  was  fourteen  years  of  age,  and  from  that  time  forward 
he  got  only  such  education  as  could  be  derived  from  self  application  in 
the  interA'als  of  hard  work.  Two  years  of  his  boj^hood  were  spent  in 
a  brick  yard.  His  first  independent  venture  was  in  partnership  with 
a  ]\Ir.  Owens,  under  the  firm  name  of  Owens  and  Mould  in  the  book  and 
stationery  trade.  That  enterprise  was  carried  on  during  1873-74,  and 
from  the  latter  year  Mr.  Mould  was  in  business  under  his  own  name,  up 
to  1890.  In  that  year  he  became  associated  with  Mr.  Buchley,  under 
the  stjde  of  Mould  &  Buchley.  The  business  was  continued  until  1901. 
In  that  year  Mr.  Mould  became  president  of  the  First  National  Bank 


1540  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

or  Baraboo,  and  remained  at  the  head  of  the  institution  until  the  reor- 
ganization in  1905. 

Mr.  Mould  has  been  interested  in  several  business  enterprises  out- 
side of  his  mercantile  and  banking  career,  and  has  aided  everything 
for  the  advancement  of  the  city.  Public  matters  have  received  his 
regular  cooperation,  and  during  the  first  Cleveland  administration  he 
held  the  office  of  postmaster  during  1885-86.  From  1890  to  1891  he 
was  eitj^  treasurer,  and  served  one  term  as  mayor  of  Baraboo.  At  the 
present  time  his  civic  service  consists  in  his  membership  with  the  water 
commission,  having  been  a  member  since  its  organization  and  also  as 
member  of  the  police  and  tire  commissioners,  having  been  on  that  board 
since  the  organization.  Mr.  Mould  was  the  first  exalted  ruler  of  the 
local  lodge  of  Elks,  having  been  elected  at  the  installation  of  the  order 
in  Baraboo. 

On  June  4,  1874,  in  Baraboo,  he  married  Miss  Jennie  Buckley,  a 
daughter  of  Thomas  and  Priscilla  Buckley.  Of  their  six  children,  four 
are  now  living,  namely :     Jennie,  Arthur  N.,  A.  G.,  and  T.  B. 

ViEGiL.  H.  Cadt.  In  1908  Virgil  H.  Cady,  a  young  lawyer  of  Bara- 
boo, had  the  distinction  of  breaking  a  continuous  record  of  Republican 
representation  from  the  First  District  of  Sauk  county,  and  was  the  first 
Democrat  elected  in  eighteen  years  to  the  legislature.  He  received 
nineteen  hundred  and  sixty  votes  to  fourteen  hundred  and  seventy-four 
votes  cast  for  his  Republican  opponent,  who  was  standing  for  reelec- 
tion. These  figures  become  the  more  forcible  when  it  is  recalled  that 
Mr.  Taft's  majority  in  the  same  district  was  over  one  thousand.  Mr. 
Cady  belongs  to  one  of  the  pioneer  families  of  central  Wisconsin,  his 
father  having  located  in  Sauk  county  the  same  year  in  which  Wis- 
consin territory  became  a  state. 

Virgil  H.  Cady  was  born  on  Christmas  Day  of  1876,  in  the  town  of 
Excelsior,  Sauk  county,  a  son  of  William  C.  and  Emma  (Huntington) 
Cady.  His  father  was  born  in  Berkshire  county,  Massachusetts.  In 
1847  the  family  came  west,  and  after  living  about  one  year  in  Wal- 
worth county  moved  to  the  town  of  Excelsior  in  Sauk  county  in  1848, 
where  the  father  took  up  a  homestead  from  the  government,  and  on  that 
farm  William  C.  Cady  lived  and  prospered  throughout  his  long  and 
active  career.  In  July,  1903,  he  moved  to  Milwaukee,  and  from  1888 
to  1892  had  been  a  resident  of  Baraboo.  William  C.  Cady  was  twice 
married,  his  first  wife  being  Miss  Maria  Gillett,  their  marriage  occurring 
in  Walworth  county.  She  died  in  1866.  Mrs.  Cady  was  the  mother  of 
four  children,  two  of  whom  are  now  living.  In  October,  1868,  in  Bara- 
boo, William  C.  Cady  married  Emma  Huntington,  who  became  the 
mother  of  five  children,  namely:  Samuel  H.,  born  February  4,  1870; 
Ernest,  born  May  23,  1873;  Anna  L.  Sawyer,  born  November  4,  1874; 
Virgil  H.  and  Alice  E.  Heuer,  born  May  26,  1880. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1541 

William  C.  Cady  died  April  28,  1911.  On  July  18,  1902,  William 
C.  Cady  celebrated  his  eightieth  birthday,  at  which  time  all  his  children 
were  present  to  do  him  honor.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he  owned  two 
hundred  and  forty  acres  of  choice  land  in  Sauk  county  and  outside  of 
his  material  accumulations  his  life  was  in  many  ways  a  benefit  and  a 
stimulating  influence  to  his  fellow  men.  Possessing  more  than  ordinary 
education,  his  information  on  all  subjects  was  very  broad.  In  politics 
he  was  a  Democrat  and  a  Baptist  in  religion  and  among  his  public 
services  should  be  mentioned  his  chairmanship  of  the  board  of  super- 
visors, his  service  as  assessor  and  treasurer  of  his  township.  The  grand- 
father of  Virgil  H.  Cady  was  a  soldier  in  the  Mexican  war.  His  name 
was  -Daniel  Cady. 

Virgil  H.  Cady  received  a  common  and  high  school  education.  Dur- 
ing his  high  school  career  at  Baraboo  he  established  and  published  an 
independent  high  school  journal  known  as  'The  Review,"  during  1895 
and  1896.  From  1899  to  1901  his  law  studies  were  carried  on  at  Bara- 
boo and  in  December  of  the  latter  year  he  was  admitted  to  practice 
before  the  State  Board  of  Examiners  at  Milwaukee.  His  entire  profes- 
sional career  has  been  spent  at  Baraboo.  In  1908  he  was  nominated 
for  member  of  assembly  from  the  first  district  of  Sauk  county  and 
served  during  the  term  1909-11.  In  the  legislature  he  was  on  the  judi- 
ciary committee  and  championed  several  important  bills  that  were  made 
into  laws,  and  showed  himself  a  progressive  worker  for  the  public  in- 
terest. In  1910  Mr.  Cady  was  elected  city  attorney  of  Baraboo,  and  he 
still  holds  that  position. 

On  July  14,  1903,  at  Madison,  Mr.  Cady  married  Miss  IMargaret 
Pilley.  They  are  the  parents  of  one  son,  Alton,  born  May  10,  1904, 
and  named  in  honor  of  Judge  Alton  Parker,  at  that  time  candidate  of 
the  Democratic  party  for  the  office  of  president. 

William  0.  Vilter.  Definite  prestige  pertains  to  Mr.  Vilter  as  one 
of  the  vital  and  progressive  business  men  and  loyal  citizens  who  have 
contributed  definitely  and  worthily  to  the  industrial  precedence  of  the 
Wisconsin  metropolis,  where  he  is  secretary  and  treasurer  of  The  Vilter 
Manufacturing  Company,  builders  of  ice-making  and  refrigerating 
machinery,  improved  Corliss  engines,  machinery  for  brewers  and  bot- 
tlers and  varied  lines  of  special  machinery.  The  plant  of  the  company 
is  one  of  the  most  extensive  of  the  kind  in  the  United  States  and  its 
products  are  sold  in  all  sections  of  the  country.  The  corporation  has 
built  up  a  reputation  that  constitutes  its  most  effective  commercial 
asset  and  he  whose  name  introduces  this  paragraph  has  been  a 
resourceful  and  valued  factor  in  the  upbuilding  of  the  large  and 
important  enterprise,  his  status  as  a  man  of  affairs  and  as  one  of  the 
representative  citizens  of  Milwaukee  entitling  him  to  specific  consid- 
eration in  this  history  of  Wisconsin. 

William  0.   Vilter  was  born  in  Fedderwarden,   grand   duchy  of 

Vol.  VI— 1 1 


1542  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

Oldenburg,  Germany,  on  the  12th  of  February,  1862,  and  is  a  son  of 
Christian  and  Elise  (Meiners)  Oltmanns,  concerning  whom  more 
specific  mention  is  made  on  other  pages  of  this  work,  in  the  review 
of  the  career  of  their  elder  son,  Theodore  0.  Vilter,  who  is  president 
of  The  Vilter  Manufacturing  Company.  In  the  sketch  of  its  presi- 
dent's career  also  is  given  adequate  detail  concerning  this  representa- 
tive Milwaukee  industrial  corporation.  The  schools  of  his  native  place 
afforded  William  0.  Vilter  his  rudimentary  education  and  he  was  nine 
years  of  age  at  the  time  of  the  family  immigration  to  America,  the 
new  home  being  established  in  Milwaukee,  where  he  continued  his 
studies  in  the  public  schools  of  the  Seventh  ward  and  those  of  the 
Fourth  ward,  after  which  he  entered  the  excellent  German-English 
Academy  of  Milwaukee,  in  which  he  completed  a  thorough  course  and 
was  graduated  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1879.  Soon  afterward  he 
initiated  his  identification  with  practical  business  affairs  by  entering 
the  employ  of  .William  Frankfurth  &  Co.,  hardware  dealers,  the  estab- 
lishment of  which  was  situated  at  the  corner  of  Third  and  Chestnut 
streets.  About  one  year  later  he  assumed  a  position  in  the  employ  of 
the  representative  real-estate  dealer,  Edward  Barber,  with  whom  he 
continued  for  two  years.  He  made  good  use  of  the  experience  gained 
in  these  connections,  and  on  the  1st  of  April,  1882,  he  became  book- 
keeper and  correspondent  for  the  firm  of  Weisel  &  Vilter,  of  which  his 
honored  father  was  junior  member.  When,  in  the  year  1886,  the  busi- 
ness was  incorporated  under  the  title  of  The  Weisel  &  Vilter  Manu- 
facturing Company  he  became  secretary  of  the  company.  His  father 
died  in  the  year  1888  and  he  was  then  made  treasurer  of  the  corpora- 
tion, the  while  he  retained  also  the  office  of  secretary,  of  which  dual 
post  he  has  remained  the  able  and  valued  incumbent  during  the  long 
intervening  years.  The  title  of  the  corporation  was  changed  to  The 
Vilter  Manufacturing  Company  in  March,  1893,  and  the  enterprise 
dates  its  inception  back  to  the  year  1867,  so  that  it  merits  consideration 
as  one  of  the  pioneer  industries  of  Milwaukee,  the  name  and  fame  of 
which  city  it  has  aided  in  exploiting.  Mr.  Vilter  has  been  assiduous 
in  his  application  to  business,  has  shown  much  executive  and  admin- 
istrative ability  and  has  been  definitely  influential  in  the  develop- 
ment of  the  extensive  and  substantial  trade  controlled  by  the  cor- 
poration of  which  he  is  secretary  and  treasurer,  his  brother  Theodore 
0.  being  president  of  the  company,  and  Edward  F.  Goes  being  vice- 
president. 

In  the  city  that  has  been  his  home  since  his  boyhood  days  Mr. 
Vilter  has  secure  place  in  popular  confidence  and  esteem  and  has  identi- 
fied himself  closely  and  Avorthily  with  both  civic  and  business  inter- 
ests. His  loyalty  to  Milwaukee  has  been  shown  in  deeds  as  well  as 
words  and  he  is  distinctively  one  of  its  representative  business  men, 
besides  being  a  popular  figure  in  connection  with  social  activities. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1543 

In  politics  Mr.  Vilter  maintains  an  independent  attitude  and  gives 
his  support  to  the  men  and  measures  meeting  the  approval  of  his  judg- 
ment, irrespective  of  partisan  lines.  He  has  been  an  alert  and  influen- 
tial member  of  the  Milwaukee  Merchants  &  Manufacturers'  Association 
and  served  with  special  ability  as  a  member  of  its  committee  on  manu- 
factures, a  position  of  which  he  continued  the  incumbent  for  several 
years,  within  which  he  was  chairman  of  the  committee  for  two  terms. 
He  has  been  a  director  of  the  Citizens'  Business  League  for  the  past 
decade,  and  as  such  he  represented  the  organization  as  a  member  of 
the  entertainment  committee  which  had  charge  of  the  reception  of  the 
investigating  committee  which  visited  Milwaukee  during  the  week 
of  May  19,  1913,  for  the  purpose  of  looking  over  the  old  state  fair 
grounds,  the  latter  committee  having  .also  given  due  inspection  to 
grounds  in  other  places  in  the  state,  as  an  attempt  was  being  made  to 
secure  elsewhere  the  annual  state  fairs.  The  claims  of  Milwaukee 
were  so  efficiently  presented,  however,  by  representative  citizens  that 
the  state  fair  was  retained  to  the  Wisconsin  metropolis,  as  it  properly 
should  be.  Mr.  Vilter  has  also  served  as  president  of  the  Milwaukee 
Manufacturers  &  Dealers'  Club  and  has  otherwise  shown  himself 
deeply  interested  in  all  that  touches  the  social  and  material  welfare  and 
progress  of  his  home  city.  He  is  interested  in  the  newly  organized 
Milwaukee  Western  Electric  Railway  Co.  and  a  member  of  the  Board 
of  Directors  and  Executive  Committee.  He  holds  membership  in  the 
Milwaukee  Miisical  Society,  with  which  he  has  been  identified  for  a 
quarter  of  a  century;  he  was  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee  Turnverein 
for  more  than  thirty  years ;  he  is  a  charter  member  and  was  one  of  the 
incorporators  of  the  Pine  Lake  Yacht  Club ;  and  he  is  likewise  a  popu- 
lar member  of  the  Milwaukee  Automobile  Club,  the  Milwaukee  Art 
Society,  and  the  Deutscher  Club.  Both  he  and  his  wife  were  raised  in 
the  Lutheran  faith. 

On  the  12th  of  October,  1910,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr. 
Vilter  to  Miss  Elfriede  Best,  who  was  born  and  reared  in  Milwaukee 
and  who  has  been  a  popular  figure  in  representative  social  affairs  in 
her  native  city.  She  is  a  daughter  of  Emil  Best,  a  well  known  and 
highly  honored  pioneer  citizen  of  Milwaukee,  where  he  has  long  been 
interested  in  and  actively  associated  with  the  Pabst  Brewing  Com- 
pany. Mr.  and  Mrs.  Vilter  have  a  fine  little  son,  William  B.,  who  was 
born  on  the  16th  of  March,  1912.  Their  home  is  located  at  572  Mar- 
shall street  and  is  known  for  its  genial  hospitality,  with  Mrs.  Vilter 
as  it  gracious  chatelaine. 

Milwaukee,  as  well  as  the  state  in  general,  owes  much  to  its  loyal 
and  representative  citizens  of  German  birth  or  lineage,  and  the  reader 
of  the  pages  of  this  publication  can  not  fail  to  realize  the  truth  of 
this  statement,  for  among  the  strongest  and  best  of  the  citizens  repre- 
sented is  found  a  large  and  valued  quota  of  those  who  claim  the  fine 


1544  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

old  Emipre  of  Germauy  as  the  place  of  their  nativity  or  as  the  home 
of  their  ancestors.  Mr.  Vilter  is  a  popular  and  valued  representative 
of  the  German  element  in  the  Wisconsin  metropolis  and,  reared  under 
American  institutions  and  advantages,  his  loyalty  can  not  be  exceeded 
by  that  of  any  native  son  of  the  United  States. 

Jacob  Van  Orden.  One  of  the  oldest  and  one  of  the  strongest 
banks  in  south  central  AViseonsin  is  the  Bank  of  Baraboo.  Officially 
this  bank  claims  a  continuous  existence  of  forty  years,  from  its  estab- 
lishment in  1873.  As  a  matter  of  exact  fact,  the  history  of  the  bank 
goes  back  much  further.  Simeon  Mills  and  Terrell  Thomas,  as  a  stock 
company,  owned  and  operated  a  banking  institution  at  Baraboo  from 
1856  to  1873.  Their  business  was  succeeded  by  the  First  National 
Bank  of  Baraboo,  and  then  in  1880  the  Bank  of  Baraboo  was  reorgan- 
ized under  a  state  charter  with  Mr.  George  Mertens  as  president,  and 
J.  Van  Orden  as  cashier.  Within  a  year  after  the  establishment  of  the 
bank  under  a  national  charter,  Mr.  Van  Orden  entered  the  institution 
in  a  nominal  capacity  which  might  perhaps  best  be  described  as  a  gen- 
eral utility  boy  or  clerk,  and  his  relationship  with  the  institution  has 
been  continuous  for  forty  years.  From  a  report  made  to  the  State 
Commissioner  of  Banking  in  June,  1913,  the  resources  of  the  Bank  of 
Baraboo  are  revealed  as  aggregating  nearly  two  million  of  dollars,  to 
be  exact,  $1,827,396.86.  At  that  date  the  bank  held  in  deposits  from 
its  customers  over  a  million  and  a  half  dollars,  while  its  capital  stock 
is  one  hundred  thousand  dollars,  its  surplus,  thirty  thousand  dollars, 
and  undivided  profits  more  than  twenty  thousand  dollars.  The  officers 
and  directors  of  the  Bank  of  Baraboo  are :  H.  Grotophorst,  president ; 
C.  W.  Whitman,  vice  president;  J.  Van  Orden,  cashier;  E.  P.  McFet- 
ridge;  J.  B.  Donovan;  and  L.  S.  Van  Orden,  assistant  cashier.  Jacob 
Van  Orden  was  born  August  13,  1856,  in  Neosho,  Dodge  county,  Wis- 
consin. His  father,  Lucas  S.  Van  Orden,  a  native  of  New  York  State, 
came  alone  to  Wisconsin  in  1849,  the  year  after  the  admission  of  the 
territory  to  the  Union.  After  a  short  time  spent  in  Milwaukee,  he 
moved  to  Neosho  in  Dodge  county,  where  his  name  belongs  among  the 
early  settlers.  It  was  his  distinction  to  have  erected  the  first  flour 
mills  in  Neosho,  and  throughout  his  life  he  remained  a  much  respected 
and  honorable  business  man.  At  one  time  he  held  the  office  of  Register 
of  Deeds  for  two  years.  His  death  occurred  in  1858.  His  wife  was  a 
native  of  Ohio,  and  is  still  living  at  the  age  of  seventy-seven. 

Jacob  Van  Orden,  the  only  child  of  his  parents,  was  educated  in 
the  district  schools,  and  spent  three  years  as  a  student  in  Ripon  Col- 
lege. He  was  eighteen  years  old,  when  in  1874,  he  came  to  Baraboo 
and  found  employment  with  the  First  National  Bank,  as  it  was  then 
called.  The  duties  devolving  upon  him  at  first  comprised  sweeping 
out  the  bank  in  the  morning,  running  errands,  and  any  other  work  that 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1545 

might  be  required  by  his  superiors.  He  had  a  definite  aim  in  entering 
the  bank,  and  that  was  to  become  a  banker  himself.  His  ability  to  aid 
him,  and  close  attention  to  details,  and  a  ready  industry,  he  soon  gained 
the  confidence  of  all  connected  AA'ith  the  institution,  and  at  the  end  of 
six  years  was  promoted  to  the  position  of  cashier  in  the  reorganized 
Bank  of  Baraboo.  His  service  as  cashier  has  now  been  continuous  for 
more  than  thirty  years,  and  is  more  important  than  the  title  would 
indicate,  since  Mr.  Van  Orden  has  for  a  long  period  been  the  active 
manager  of  the  bank. 

His  own  career  as  a  banker  has  been  one  of  success.  In  an  article 
contributed  by  him  recently  to  "The  Wisconsin  Banker,"  Mr.  Van 
Orden  quoted  the  words  of  one  of  Wisconsin's  venerable  bankers  as  to 
what  constitutes  a  good  banker,  the  reply  to  that  c[uestion  being :  ' '  First, 
ability;  second,  integrity;  third,  capital."  Those  qualifications  his 
friends  would  quickly  attribute  to  ]\Ir.  Van  Orden  himself.  As  a  brief 
summing  up  of  the  elements  of  success  in  banking,  another  short  para- 
graph from  the  same  article  deserves  quotation:  "Careful  study  must 
convince  us  that  successful  banking  and  a  successful  bank  are  dependent 
upon  the  man  or  men  in  active  charge  of  the  institution.  Its  policy, 
whether  wise  or  unwise,  whether  far-sighted  or  short-sighted,  popular 
or  unpopular,  profitable  or  unprofitable,  is  primarily  the  result  of  the 
labor  of  the  officer  in  charge.  He  cannot  and  should  not  avoid  the  re- 
sponsibility.    Neither  can  he  be  rightfully  denied  the  credit." 

Mr.  Van  Orden  is  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  public  spirit  in  Sauk 
county.  He  is  much  interested  in  historical  and  archeologieal  matters, 
and  it  was  due  to  his  effective  enterprise  and  his  liberal  contribution 
of  necessary  expenses  that  one  of  the  most  interesting  of  the  early  Indian 
remains  of  Wisconsin  has  been  preserved  for  all  times  to  the  public. 
There  are  a  number  of  mounds  in  different  sections  of  the  state, 
erected  by  the  prehistoric  inhabitants,  and  many  of  them  in  super- 
ficial shape  represent  the  forms  of  different  animals,  but  it  is  very 
rare  when  a  mound  is  found  delineating  the  human  "figure.  Two  of 
such  mounds  were  in  Sauk  county,  one  of  them  having  been  obliterated 
by  cultivation.  Another,  four  and  a  half  miles  northeast  of  Baraboo, 
had  escaped  the  plow  and  other  implements  of  civilized  man.  though  a 
public  road  had  cut  through  the  portion  of  the  mound  containing  the 
figure  of  the  legs.  In  order  to  preserve  the  acre  and  a  half  of  land 
including  the  mound,  the  Sauk  County  Historical  Society  and  the  State 
Archeologieal  Society  had  endeavored  to  enlist  popular  subscription 
toward  the  purchase  of  the  land  from  its  owner  and  as  a  result  of  a 
campaign  this  historical  site  has  finally  been  preserved  and  fenced  in 
as  a  prominent  memorial  to  the  aboriginal  inhabitants  of  Wisconsin. 
On  a  large  granite  stone  near  the  mound  is  now  affixed  a  bronze  tablet 
containing  in  one  panel  the  outline  of  the  figure  originally  represented 
by  the  mound,  while  the  central  panel,  which  Mr.  Van  Orden  paid  for, 


1546  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

contains  this  inscription :  ' '  Manmouud  Park.  Wisconsin  Archeological 
Society.  Sauk  County  Historical  Society.  Landmark  Committee;  W. 
F.  W.  C.  1908."  In  the  right-hand  panel  are  the  following  words: 
"Mound  located  and  platted  by  W.  H.  Canfield  in  1859.  Length  214 
feet,  width  at  shoulders  48  feet." 

Mr.  Van  Ordeu  is  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason,  is  a  member  of  the 
Baraboo  Commercial  Club,  in  politics  is  independent,  and  has  been 
junior  warden  of  Trinity  Episcopal  Church,  Baraboo,  for  20  years.  He 
has  always  been  a  liberal  supporter  to  the  worthy  enterprises  under- 
taken in  both  city  and  county. 

On  January  14,  1880,  he  married  at  Waupun,  Wisconsin,  Miss 
Martha  Atwood.  Mrs.  Van  Orden  was  also  educated  in  Ripon  College. 
Their  two  children  are:  Lucas  S.,  born  in  December,  1881,  and  ^lary 
Louise,  born  in  October,  1883. 

Hon.  Frank  Avery.  Now  eighty-three  years  of  age,  still  active  and 
walking  the  streets  of  Baraboo,  attending  to  business  affairs,  Hon. 
Frank  Avery  is  one  of  the  last  survivors  of  the  old  guard  of  pioneer 
settlers  in  this  thriving  center  of  population  and  business  in  central 
Wisconsin.  He  knew  Baraboo  when  it  was  a  village,  surrounded  by 
dense  woods,  and  his  reminiscences  form  the  most  valuable  oral  history 
of  this  community  from  its  early  days  to  the  present.  Along  with  a 
career  of  close  attention  to  business  he  has  been  honored  with  many 
places  of  trust,  both  in  the  community  and  in  the  state,  and  no  man  in 
Sauk  county  is  held  in  higher  esteem  than  Frank  Avery. 

Born  November  17,  1830,  his  birthplace  was  at  Tenterdern,  in  County 
Kent,  England.  His  parents  were  Thomas  and  Mary  (Boorman) 
Avery.  Thomas  Avery  came  to  Wisconsin  in  1864,  and  died  in  Bara- 
boo on  April  13,  1885.  He  was  a  shoemaker  by  occupation,  having 
followed  a  trade  in  which  his  father  had  also  earned  a  livelihood  for 
the  family. 

Frank  Avery  was  still  in  his  teens  when  he  became  a  resident  of 
America.  His  early  boyhood  was  spent  in  the  city  of  London,  and 
when  only  eight  years  of  age  he  first  saw  Queen  Victoria,  who  was  then 
a  comparatively  young  woman  and  had  been  crowned  only  the  year 
before.  That  memory  of  the  gracious  Queen  of  England  has  always 
remained  one  of  the  most  vivid  impressions  of  his  lifetime.  In  1853 
Mr.  Avery  located  at  Syracuse,  New  York,  and  two  years  later,  in  1855, 
he  came  west  and  found  a  home  at  Janesville,  Wisconsin.  As  his 
father  and  grandfather  had  done  before  him,  he  had  acquired  the  trade 
of  shoemaker,  and  it  was  that  occupation  which  provided  him  his  means 
of  support  and  his  capital  for  many  years.  After  a  brief  residence  at 
Janesville,  Mr.  Avery  moved  to  Baraboo.  Only  a  few  houses  stood 
on  the  site  and  the  greater  part  of  the  land  now  contained  within  the 
city  limits  was  then  covered  with  heavy  timber.     In  that  pioneer  lo- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1547 

caiity  he  opened  a  little  shop  and  began  making  boots  and  shoes  for  the 
settlers.  His  business  as  a  boot  and  shoe  maker  and  dealer  continued 
for  more  than  thirty  years.  During  all  the  years  of  the  city's  growth 
from  its  primitive  conditions  to  the  present  IMr.  Avery  has  taken  a  keen 
interest,  and  his  services  have  often  been  of  material  benefit  in  advanc- 
ing local  improvements.  "When  he  first  settled  there  he  not  only  knew 
personally  every  inhabitant  and  called  them  by  name  but  could  easily 
enumerate  the  entire  local  population  in  a  few  minutes'  time.  Since 
then  the  village  has  become  a  city  of  nearly  eight  thousand  inhabitants, 
and  while  the  majority  know  him,  he  is  no  longer  able  to  call  the  name 
of  all  fellow  citizens.  In  politics  Mr.  Avery  has  been  a  Republican  all 
his  active  career,  and  his  first  vote  was  cast  for  John  C.  Fremont  in 
1856.  He  is  one  of  the  few  men  in  Sauk  county  whose  Republicanism 
goes  back  to  the  founding  of  the  party.  His  public  service  has  com- 
prised nearly  every  official  position  in  the  gift  of  his  neighbors  and 
friends.  During  the  early  days  he  was  president  and  trustee  of  the 
village  of  Baraboo.  In  1882  he  was  elected  alderman,  and  in  1898  be- 
came mayor  of  the  city.  For  ten  years  he  was  on  the  county  board 
of  supervisors.  In  1887  the  county  elected  him  to  the  lower  house  of 
the  legislature,  in  which  he  was  appointed  chairman  of  the  committee 
on  labor  and  manufacture.  While  at  the  head  of  that  committee  he 
was  elected  to  the  state  senate  in  1889  on  the  parole  system  of  prisoners, 
which^  was  carried  through  and  became  effective.  The  service  of  Mr. 
Avery  in  the  lower  house  was  during  the  governship  of  Jerry  Rusk,  and 
he  was  in  the  senate  while  Mr.  Hoard  occupied  the  gubernatorial  chair. 
In  1890  Mr.  Avery  engaged  in  the  insurance  business  and  in  that  con- 
nection has  also  transacted  a  large  amount  of  administration  of  estates, 
his  long  and  honorable  business  record  giving  him  a  place  of  confidence 
such  as  has  been  well  deserved  by  his  long  years  of  integrity  and  hon- 
orable dealing.  In  spite  of  his  age  Mr.  Avery  is  still  found  at  his  office 
nearly  every  day,  is  hale  and  hearty,  and  likes  to  talk  about  his  early 
life  in  Wisconsin  and  what  happened  many  years  ago.  when  Baraboo 
was  only  a  village. 

George  T.  Thuerer.  Since  1911  mayor  of  the  city  of  Baraboo,  Dr. 
Thuerer,  who  is  a  native  of  Baraboo,  is  one  of  the  citizens  of  that  com- 
munity whose  long  residence,  success  in  professional  life  and  high  per- 
sonal character  entitle  them  to  the  best  distinctions  in  public  life, 
where  their  previous  records  insure  faithful  and  intelligent  service  in 
the  public  interest. 

George  T.  Thuerer  was  born  at  Baraboo,  September  23,  1869.  His 
parents,  Christian  and  Anna  (Thomas)  Thuerer,  were  born  in  the  little 
Republic  of  Switzerland.  The  father  came  alone  to  America  in  1867, 
finding  his  first  home  at  Lodi,  Wisconsin,  where  he  followed  the  trade  of 
blacksmith  and   afterwards  engaged  in   the   making  of  carriages  and 


1548  illSTORY   OF  WISCONSIN 

wagons.  That  business  was  the  basis  of  his  successful  career  and  was 
followed  in  Baraboo  for  twenty  years.  He  later  changed  his  work  to 
the  handling  of  agricultural  implements  and  continued  in  that  line 
until  his  retirement.  At  the  present  time  Christian  Thuerer  is  serv- 
ing in  the  office  of  city  weigher,  and  is  one  of  the  highly  respected  old 
residents  of  the  city.  In  his  family  were  ten  children,  three  sous  and 
three  daughters  surviving. 

Dr.  Thuerer,  the  oldest  of  the  children,  grew  up  in  Baraboo,  attended 
the  city  schools,  and  after  a  fair  education  determined  to  fit  himself 
for  the  profession  of  dentistry.  His  first  training  along  that  line  was 
received  in  the  office  of  Dr.  A.  H.  Gellette,  with  whom  he  remained  two 
and  a  half  years.  His  studies  w^ere  then  continued  in  the  dental  de- 
partment of  the  University  of  Michigan  at  Ann  Arbor,  where  he  was 
graduated  D.  D.  S.  with  the  class  of  1890.  Throughout  his  career  he 
has  been  identified  wdth  his  home  city,  and  after  graduating  in  dentis- 
try, spent. a  year  and  a  half  with  his  former  preceptor,  Dr.  Gellette. 
On  January  1,  1892,  Dr.  Thuerer  set  up  an  independent  practice,  and 
during  the  subsequent  twenty  years  has  acquired  a  large  measure  of 
professional  success.  In  1895,  his  brother,  C.  L.  Thuerer,  became  asso'- 
ciated  with  him  in  the  same  profession,  and  their  firm  has  long  enjoyed 
perhaps  the  most  select  and  most  profitable  business  in  Sauk  county. 

Aside  from  his  professional  interests,  the  doctor  has  always  enjoyed 
participation  in  public  aftairs,  and  is  a  man  w^ho  works  for  the  public 
without  thought  of  personal  gain.  At  the  death  of  J\Iayor  Bender,  he 
was  appointed  to  fill  out  the  unexpired  term,  and  in  1912  was  regularly 
elected  to  the  office  of  mayor.  His  administration  has  been  characterized 
by  much  progressive  work  in  the  city,  and  Baraboo  has  never  had  a  more 
progressive  and  public-spirited  mayor. 

Dr.  Thuerer  is  well  known  in  fraternal  circles.  His  Masonic  con- 
nections are  with  the  Blue  Lodge,  the  Baraboo  Chapter  No.  19,  R.  A.  ^l., 
and  Baraboo  Commandery  No.  28,  K.  T.,  he  being  the  present  commander 
of  the  Knight  Templar  organization,  and  being  a  past  high  priest  in 
the  Royal  Arch.  His  other  affiliations  are  with  the  Knights  of  Pythias, 
the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America,  and  the  Royal  Arcanum.  Besides 
his  present  office  he  contributes  to  the  general  advancement  of  the  com- 
munity through  his  membership  in  the  Commercial  Club  of  Baraboo. 
Professionally  his  relations  are  with  the  Sauk  County  Dental  Society 
and  the  Wisconsin  State  Dental  Association.  Dr.  Thuerer  was  mar- 
ried at  Baraboo  to  Miss  Emma  M.  Roick.  Their  one  daughter  is  ]\Iar- 
garet,  born  June  11,  1905. 

Frank  E.  Shults.  The  present  postmaster  of  Baraboo  was  for 
nearly  a  quarter  of  a  century  before  taking  up  the  duties  of  his  present 
office,  engaged  in  the  real  estate  and  insurance  business  in  that  city, 
and  has  long  been  active  in  both  business  and  civic  affairs.     He  is  a 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1549 

native  of  Sauk  county,  and  the  family  was  established  here  during  the 
pioneer  era. 

Frank  E.  Shults  was  born  in  Sauk  county  on  a  farm  July  6,  186-4. 
His  father,  the  late  Joseph  P.  Shults,  was  born  in  Pennsylvania,  while 
the  mother,  Mary  M.  Shults  was  a  native  of  New  Jersey.  Joseph  Shults 
came  west  in  1848,  the  year  in  which  Wisconsin  became  a  state,  with  a 
family  of  two  children,  and  after  living  for  a  time  at  Delevan,  where  he 
followed  his  trade  as  a  wagon  maker,  moved  to  Sauk  county,  and  in 
1856  located  in  Newport.  At  Newport  he  opened  a  shop  and  engaged 
in  wagon  and  carriage  making  as  an  independent  business,  which  was 
continued  until  1864.  The  purchase  of  a  farm  in  that  year  led  him 
to  the  quieter  pursuits  of  agriculture,  and  he  followed  farming  with 
a  regular  prosperity  up  to  1883.  In  that  year  his  home  was  moved  to 
the  city  of  Baraboo,  where  he  continued  to  live  retired  until  his  death 
in  1894.  His  widow  survived  some  years,  until  1911.  Joseph  Shults 
was  a  Republican  in  politics,  was  affiliated  with  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows,  and  a  man  always  held  in  high  esteem  in  whatever 
community  he  selected  as  his  residence.  There  were  six  children  in 
the  family,  four  of  whom  are  still  living. 

Frank  E.  Shults  grew  up  on  a  farm  in  Sauk  county,  had  the  oppor- 
tunities afforded  by  the  district  schools  until  he  was  sixteen,  and  then 
lived  at  home  and  assisted  his  father  until  twenty-two  years  of  age. 
In  1887  Mr.  Shults  began  his  business  career  in  Baraboo,  and  his 
operations  as  a  real  estate  and  insurance  man  laid  a  solid  foundation 
for  his  business  prosperity.  In  the  meantime  he  has  been  identified 
with  various  local  commercial  affairs,  and  has  served  as  secretary  of  the 
Sauk  county  agricultural  society,  being  a  worker  for  advanced  princi- 
ples and  methods  in  farming. 

In  1911  President  Taft  appointed  Mr.  Shults  to  the  office  of  post- 
master in  Baraboo,  and  his  service  began  August  12,  1911.  Much  has 
been  done  to  increase  the  facilities  of  the  local  postoffice  in  behalf  of  the 
general  public,  including  the  introduction  of  a  postal  savings  depart- 
ment on  April  1,  1912,  and  Mr.  Shults  also  supervised  the  installation 
at  the  local  office  of  the  parcel  post  system. 

]\Ir.  Shults  is  a  progressive  Republican,  and  has  represented  the 
First  Ward  of  his  city  as  supervisor  three  years.  He  was  married  Oc- 
tober 24,  1899,  to  Miss  Myrtie  Critchell,  a  daughter  of  Seymour  and 
Lida.C.  Critchell. 

Leslie  Willson.  A  large  and  distinctive  contribution  to  progress 
and  municipal  improvement  in  Chippewa  Falls  was  made  by  the  late 
Leslie  Willson,  who  became  identified  with  the  state  in  1867,  was  for 
a  number  of  years  in  business  at  Eau  Claire,  and  during  the  seventeen 
years  of  his  residence  in  Chippewa  Falls  built  up  one  of  the  largest 
concerns  in  the  mercantile  district.     Throughout   his  long  and  pros- 


1550  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

perous  career  he  was  one  of  the  best  friends  and  benefactors  of  his 
home  city.  He  was  not  sixty  years  of  age  when  his  course  was  fin- 
ished. In  every  community  death  is  constantly  taking  its  toll  from  the 
living,  however  valuable  their  lives  and  services.  It  was  a  conspicu- 
ous member  of  Chippewa  Palls'  citizenship  whose  life  came  ta  an  end 
on  December  6,  1906,  and  the  people  of  both  Eau  Claire  and  Chippewa 
Falls  paid  many  tributes  of  respect  to  their  former  associate  and  friend. 
When,  a  few  days  later,  his  body  was  laid  to  rest  in  Forest  Hill  ceme- 
tery, an  unusual  honor  was  paid  to  his  memory  in  the  general  cessa- 
tion of  business  and  the  closing  of  all  stores. 

Leslie  Willson  was  a  Penusylvanian  by  birth,  born  at  Sugar  Grove, 
in  Warren  county.  May  1,  1817.  When  he  was  fifteen  years  of  age, 
and  after  he  had  received  most  of  his  early  education  in  Pennsylvania 
schools,  the  family  went  to  what  was  then  the  far  west,  locating  in 
1862  at  Hastings,  Minnesota,  and  soon  after  at  Winona,  Minnesota. 
His  father  for  upwards  of  twenty-five  years  and  until  the  time  of  his 
death,  was  president  of  the  Merchants  National  Bank  of  that  city. 

The  late  Leslie  Willson  was  twenty  yeai's  of  age  when,  in  1867,  he 
became  associated  with  the  Eau  Claire  Lumber  Company  at  Eau  Claire, 
Wisconsin,  still  making  Eau  Claire  his  home.  Later  that  business  was 
closed  out,  and  Mr.  Willson  subsequently  represented  as  traveling  sales- 
man the  firm  of  Bell,  Conrad  &  Company  of  Chicago,  selling  teas, 
coffees  and  spices  over  the  states  of  Wisconsin  and  Minnesota  for  a 
period  of  seventeen  years.  From  1889  until  his  death,  Mr.  Willson 
made  his  home  in  Chippewa  Falls,  Wisconsin.  Twenty-four  years  ago 
he  organized  the  Chippewa  Valley  Mercantile  Company,  a  wholesale 
grocery  house  of  which  at  the  time  of  his  demise  he  was  both  presi- 
dent and  active  manager.  In  the  beginning  this  was  a  very  small  con- 
cern but  under  his  able  and  practical  management  it  developed  in  the 
course  of  years  into  one  of  the  leading  mercantile  enterprises  of  Chip- 
pewa county.  Mr.  Willson  erected  the  fine  warehouses  which  are  now 
in  use  and  the  general  offices,  which  occupy  a  space  of  one  hundred  and 
fifty  by  one  hundred  and  twenty  feet  and  comprise  a  large  three-story 
structure  of  brick  and  stone.  Practically  all  the  stock  in  this  company 
was  owned  by  him.  To  no  small  degree  the  development  of  Chip- 
pewa Falls  as  a  commercial  center  was  due  to  the  initiative  and  enter- 
prise of  the  late  Leslie  Willson.  He  was  numbered  among  the  most 
capable  and  farsighted  business  men  of  the  city  and  aside  from  his 
individual  interests  took  an  active  part  in  the  promotion  of  many 
progressive  public  projects,  so  that  his  passing  deprived  Chippewa 
Falls  of  a  valued  and  representative  citizen.  As  a  business  builder 
he  had  few  equals  among  his  associates  in  northern  Wisconsin. 

His  success  in  business  he  again  and  again  converted  into  practical 
assistance  and  co-operation  in  behalf  of  the  general  welfare  of  Chip- 
pewa Falls.    Public  offices  and  places  of  honor  were  freciuently  offered 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN  1551 

to  him  but  he  always  preferred  to  work  in  the  ranks,  though  always 
present  with  his  counsel  and  generous  of  his  means.  Leslie  Willson 
very  often  subscribed  liberally  to  stock  in  order  to  locate  new  indus- 
tries in  Chippewa  Falls.  Almost  the  only  office  ever  held  by  him  was 
that  of  pi'esident  of  the  Progressive  League,  which  he  accepted  under 
protest.  Probably  a  greater  tribute  was  neter  rendered  a  man  by 
his  fellow  citizens  than  that  conveyed  in  the  resolutions  and  testi- 
monial written  by  the  Progressive  League  in  memory  of  Mr.  Will- 
son,  a  copy  of  which  is  framed  and  hangs  on  the  walls  of  the  office  of 
the  institution  which  he  established. 

His  place  in  the  community  was  recognized  by  all,  and  of  the 
many  tributes  paid  to  his  life  and  services  at  the  time  of  his  death, 
one  of  the  best  is  the  following  paragraph  quoted  from  the  leading 
Chippewa  Falls  daily  paper:  "Leslie  Willson  leaves  a  place  that 
cannot  be  filled  in  this  community.  He  was  a  forceful  character  and 
striking  personality.  His  many  friends  were  loyal  to  him  to  a  marked 
degree.  There  is  genuine  sorrow  throughout  the  community  over 
the  loss  of  a  man  in  the  fullest  sense  of  the  term,  and  a  friend  who 
loved  to  see  his  city  progress  and  develop.  Mr.  Willson  could  be 
depended  upon  to  aid  any  legitimate  enterprise  for  the  benefit  of  the 
city.  He  was  a  most  potent  factor  in  the  Progressive  League  council, 
and  doubtless  his  influence  in  building  up  the  city  was  greater  than 
that  of  any  other  man  in  the  League.  ...  He  did  his  work  mod- 
estly, but  effectively,  and  solely  with  the  interests  of  his  fellowmen 
in  mind.  A  very  successful  business  man,  a  highly  esteemed  citi- 
zen, and  a  loving  husband,  Mr.  Willson  was  a  high  type  of  man- 
hood that  was  refreshing  to  meet." 

On  the  16th  of  September,  1884,  Leslie  Willson  married  Miss  Nellie 
Wilson,  a  native  of  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin,  and  a  daughter  of  R.  F., 
and  Martha  (Newton)  Wilson,  the  former  a  pioneer  lumberman  in 
that  vicinity.  He  died  in  February,  1903,  at  the  age  of  seventy-eight, 
and  is  buried  in  the  Forest  Hill  cemetery  at  Eau  Claire.  His  Avife 
survives  him  and  makes  her  home  with  Mrs.  Leslie  Willson.  Since 
her  husband's  death  Mrs.  Willson  is  continuing  the  business  of  the 
Chippewa  Valley  Mercantile  Company.  A  few  years  ago  she  had 
erected  in  Forest  Hill  cemetery  a  beautiful  chapel  known  as  the  Leslie 
Willson  Memorial  Chapel.  The  chapel,  modeled  after  the  architectural 
lines  of  the  celebrated  Parthenon,  provides,  in  addition  to  catacombs 
for  the  immediate  family,  a  beautifully  arranged  and  decorated  chapel 
for  funeral  serfices  and  a  public  vault  where  the  people  may  place 
their  dead  temporarily  until  other  arrangements  are  made  for  their 
disposal.  The  entire  structure  is  built  in  the  most  permanent  man- 
ner of  stone,  cement,  steel  and  enameled  brick. 

This  monument  to  her  late  husband  was  built  not  merely  as  a  super- 
ficial structure  to  prolong  the  memory  of  the  dead,  but  as  an  institu- 


1552  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

tiou  of  lasting  usefulness  for  the  public  and  a  fitting  memorial  for  a 
man  who  did  so  much  for  Chippewa  Falls. 

Thomas  William  English.  President  of  the  First  National  Bank 
of  Baraboo,  Thomas  William  English  has  had  a  long  and  active  career 
in  Sauk  county  business*  affairs  and  public  interests.  A  native  of  Vir- 
ginia, his  home  has  been  in  Sauk  county  for  sixty  years,  and  the  family 
is  one  of  the  best  known  of  those  who  settled  in  this  locality  during  the 
pioneer  epoch. 

Thomas  William  English  was  born  in  Franklin  county,  Virginia, 
June  18,  1849.  His  parents  were  Thomas  T.  and  Anna  Martha  Eliza 
(Powell)  English.  The  early  ancestry  goes  back  at  least  to  the  foun- 
dation of  the  American  republic  during  the  eighteenth  century.  Grand- 
father English  was  a  soldier  in  the  War  of  1812,  and  many  of  his  phys- 
ical and  moral  traits  have  descended  to  subsequent  members  and  possess- 
ors of  the  name.  He  was  a  splendid  specimen  of  physical  manhood, 
tall  in  stature,  and  of  a  natural  military  bearing.  The  late  Thomas  T. 
English  is  remembered  as  a  man  of  exceptional  physical  powers,  stand- 
ing six  feet  in  height  and  well  proportioned.  Almost  all  the  male  mem- 
bers of  the  family  have  been  large,  and  as  the  Baraboo  banker  claims 
a  height  of  only  six  feet,  he  makes  no  pretention  to  measuring  up  to 
the  standards  set  by  the  majority  of  his  kin.  Thomas  T.  English  died 
in  1904,  while  his  wife  passed  away  in  the  preceding  year.  The  year 
1853  was  the  date  of  the  location  in  Sauk  county  by  Thomas  T.  English, 
and  that  indicates  the  very  early  settlement,  since  the  county  was  at 
that  time  largely  in  the  domain  of  wilderness  and  his  work  was  a  factor 
in  the  early  progress  of  civilization  in  this  section  of  the  state.  Locat- 
ing in  the  present  bounds  of  the  city  of  Baraboo  he  conducted  a  farm 
there  for  many  years  and  later  kept  a  hardware  store  in  the  city,  though 
finally  returning  to  his  homestead  and  pursuing  the  quiet  arts  of  the 
agriculturist  until  his  death.  A  part  of  the  city  now  stands  upon  the 
land  which  he  once  worked  as  a  farmer.  In  politics  he  was  a  staunch 
Democrat,  and  a  leader  among  his  partisans.  It  was  a  common  remark 
that  whichever  way  Thomas  T.  English  went,  so  his  party  in  this  county 
would  go.  Among  the  minor  offices  occupied  by  him  at  different  times 
were  those  of  chairman  of  the  board  of  trustees  and  assessors,  and  clerk 
of  the  town  board.  Of  the  five  children  in  the  family  four  are  still  liv- 
ing, and  Thomas  W.  is  the  oldest. 

Until  he  was  sixteen  years  old  he  attended  with  considerable  regular- 
ity the  district  school.  For  a  short  time  he  was  a  student  in  the  Uni- 
versity of  Wisconsin,  but  as  he  had  no  intention  of  preparing  for  a 
professional  career  and  his  tastes  and  inclinations  were  all  for  active 
business,  he  soon  left  school  and  took  up  farming  on  his  father's  farm. 
That  was  his  work  until  twenty  years  of  age,  at  which  time  he  became 
identified  with  the  hardware  trade  at  Baraboo.    His  partner  was  Charles 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1553 

H.  Lee,  and  the  name  of  Lee  &  English  was  the  title  of  a  prosperous 
local  business  for  ten  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time  with  accumulating 
interests  and  prestige  in  local  business  affairs,  Mr.  English  was  elected 
l^resident  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Baraboo.  This  bank,  with  re- 
sources upwards  of  a  million  dollars  is  one  of  the  strongest  banks  of 
Sauk  count}',  and  its  president  is  well  known  among  the  bankers  of 
central  Wisconsin. 

Mr.  English  affiliates  with  the  IMasonic  Order,  with  the  Baraboo 
Lodge  No.  34  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  has  taken  the  York  Rite  up  to  and  includ- 
ing the  Knights  Templar  degrees,  and  has  occupied  the  position  of  com- 
mander in  Commandery  No.  28.  He  was  one  of  the  charter  members 
in  the  local  lodge  of  Elks,  and  at  the  present  time  is  serving  as  treasurer 
of  the  body.  His  political  career  has  always  been  that  of  a  Democrat, 
following  in  the  same  line  as  his  father,  and  official  record  comprises 
service  both  in  local  and  general  politics.  He  has  been  alderman  in 
Baraboo,  assessor,  clerk  of  the  town  board,  and  during  the  Peck  admin- 
istration was  a  member  of  the  general  assembh^  While  in  the  legisla- 
ture he  helped  to  elect  William  H.  Vilas  as  L'nited  States  Senator  from 
Wisconsin. 

Mr.  English  married  Miss  Izei'o  Ellen  Evans.  JLer  father,  H.  D. 
Evans,  was  one  of  the  early  settlers  in  Sauk  county.  Mrs.  English  died 
in  1912,  leaving  three  children :  Tillie  E. ;  Harry  E. ;  and  Izero 
Virginia. 

Herman  Grotophorst.  As  a  lawyer,  banker,  industrial  promoter, 
and  public  citizen,  Herman  Grotophorst  has  for  many  years  taken  a 
prominent  part  in  the  life  of  Baraboo,  and  Sauk  county,  and  is  well 
known  throughout  the  state.  Before  taking  up  the  outline  of  his  indi- 
vidual career,  it  v^ill  be  an  appropriate  place  to  insert  some  mention  of 
the  recent  iron-ore  development  which  has  been  undertaken  in  Sauk 
county,  and  largely  as  a  result  of  the  courageous  enterprise  of  this 
Baraboo  lawj^er.  The  following  paragraphs  are  therefore  in  the  nature 
of  a  chapter  on  the  latest  phase  of  Wisconsin's  mining  history,  and  will 
add  many  facts  not  generally  known  concerning  the  resources  of  this 
particular  section. 

Sauk  county  is  not  only  known  for  its  farm  products  and  beautiful 
scenery,  but  has  lately  also  developed  into  an  ore-producing  country. 
The  scenery  for  which  the  county  is  noted  is  produced  by  the  rugged 
and  picturesque  Baraboo  bluffs.  The  bluffs  extend  from  Caledonia,  in 
Columbia  county  to  Ironton,  in  Sauk  county,  a  distance  of  about  thirty 
miles.  The  foundation  of  these  bluffs  is  quartzite,  and  this  quartzite 
has  been  pushed  up  from  below  to  the  surface  of  the  earth  by  the  shrink- 
age of  the  earth's  crust.  This  quartzite  formation  rises  in  many  places 
to  a  height  of  six  hundred  feet  above  the  valleys.  It  is  known  to  be 
i»t  least  one  mile  in  thickness,  dipping  toward  the  north,  at  an  angle 


1554  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

of  from  thirty  to  ninety  degrees.  The  southern  outcropping  of  this 
quartzite  forms  the  southern  boundary  of  the  Baraboo  Valley.  There  is 
a  quartJ^ite  outcropping  less  prominent,  forming  the  northern  boundary 
of  this  valley.  The  Baraboo  Valley  is  about  three  miles  wide  and 
twenty-five  miles  long,  and  contains  large  iron  deposits.  Between  the 
southern  and  northern  quartzite  outeroppings  is  a  large  basin,  the 
foundation  of  this  basin  being  the  quartzite  aforesaid.  Immediately 
upon  the  quartzite  is  a  large  deposit  of  slate.  This  slate  is  impervious 
and  by  reason  of  this  condition  has  caused  and  allowed  iron  ore  to  be 
formed.  Above  the  iron  ore  deposit  is  a  conglomerate  of  slate,  dolo- 
mite and  jasper,  together  with  other  rock  formation  to  a  depth  of  about 
thirty  to  fifty  feet.  Over  this  is  a  deposit  of  from  three  hundred  to 
four  hundred  feet  of  sandstone,  and  on  the  sandstone  is  a  deposit 
of  soil  from  thirty  to  seventy  feet  in  depth.  Thus  it  will  be  seen  that 
the  iron  ore  is  found  from  four  to  five  hundred  feet  below  the  surface 
of  the  earth,  and  therefore,  very  difficult  of  discovery. 

About  three  miles  south  of  North  Freedom  is  an  outcropping  of 
iron  ore,  known  by  miners  as  a  "blossom."  When  iron  mining  had 
reached  its  highest  state  of  excitement  in  1882  and  1884  the  company 
was  formed  to  prospect  this  outcropping  near  North  Freedom,  which 
company  was  known  as  the  Douglas  Iron  Mining  Company.  A  shaft 
was  sunk  to  a  considerable  depth,  but  nothing  except  a  lean  ore  was 
discovered,  and  the  enterprise  was  abandoned.  After  this  failure  to 
locate  iron  ore,  it  was  generally  claimed  by  iron  experts  and  geologists, 
that  there  was  no  merchantable  ore  in  Sauk  county.  There  were  sev- 
eral men,  however,  who  had  faith  in  the  iron  deposits  of  this  county, 
and  through  their  continued  efforts,  and  at  great  expense  to  them, 
valuable  ore  deposits  were  finally  discovered.  These  men  were :  W.  G. 
LaRue,  of  Duluth;  Herman  Grotophorst  and  B.  C.  Deane  of  Baraboo. 

For  twelve  years  these  men  worked  to  get  capital  interested  to 
make  the  necessary  explorations  and  finally  succeeded  in  getting  R.  B. 
Whiteside  of  Duluth,  a  capitalist,  sufficiently  interested  to  furnish  the 
necessary  funds  to  explore  the  country  in  the  neighborhood  in  which 
this  "blossom"  was  found,  by  means  of  a  diamond  drill.  Exploration 
work  with  a  diamond  drill  is  extremely  expensive,  costing  approximately 
three  dollars  a  foot.  After  long  and  expensive  exploratory  work,  a 
large,  merchantable  iron-ore  deposit  was  finally  discovered.  But  even 
after  the  showing  made  by  these  diamond  drill  tests,  it  was  difficult  to 
get  men  interested  who  would  agree  to  sink  a  shaft  and  develop  the 
property  for  mining  purposes. 

At  this  time  the  Sauk  County  Land  &  Mining  Company  was  formed, 
a  close  corporation,  with  five  stockholders,  viz. :  W.  G.  LaRue,  Herman 
Grotophorst,  B.  C.  Deane,  R.  B.  Whiteside,  and  T.-  W.  Robinson. 
Through  the  efforts  of  this  corporation,  a  lease  was  finally  entered  into 
with  the  International  Harvester  Company  on  a  royalty  basis.     The 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN  1555 

International  Harvester  Company  sank  a  shaft,  and  proved  the  exist- 
ence of  large,  merchantable  iron  ore  beds.  The  Sauk  County  Land  & 
Mining  Company  secured  most  of  the  iron  bearing  lands  in  the  neigh- 
borhood. As  soon  as  the  public  became  aware  of  these  iron  ore  deposits 
a  mining  fever  swept  over  the  county  as  had  never  been  dreamed  of 
by  the  quiet  farming  community.  Nearly  every  farm  in  the  Baraboo 
Valley  was  optioned.  Mining  companies  were  formed  by  the  score. 
Stock  was  sold  all  over  the  country ;  but  most  of  these  corporations  were 
composed  of  men  unfamiliar  with  mining,  and  since  most  of  them  went 
into  the  game  for  gain  and  not  for  the  purpose  of  exploration,  these 
companies  met  with  early  failure. 

The  Sauk  County  Land  &  Mining  Company  finally  got  the  United 
States  Steel  Corporation  interested,  and  leased  nearly  all  of  its  lands, 
consisting  of  several  thousand  acres,  to  the  Oliver  Mining  Company,  a 
branch  of  the  United  States  Steel  Corporation.  The  Oliver  Mining 
Company  immediately  started  prospecting  and  spent  in  the  neighbor- 
hood of  one  million  dollars  in  diamond  drill  work,  and  in  developing 
the  property  which  they  had  leased.  The  International  Harvester 
Company  had  a  track  built  from  North  Freedom  to  its  mines,  a  dis- 
tance of  about  three  miles,  and  considerable  ore  was  shipped.  The 
United  States  Steel  Corporation,  by  reason  of  its  extensive  and  thorough 
prospecting,  has  shown  that  in  the  North  Freedom  district  alone  there  is 
a  deposit  of  merchantable  ore  estimated  at  over  five  hundred  million 
tons,  and  it  is  expected  that  in  the  near  future  this  company  will  ship  to 
Gary,  Indiana,  large  quantities  of  this  ore.  Although  the  ore  is  not  of 
very  high  quality,  it  is  a  hematite  order  and  contains  from  forty-five  to 
sixty-two  per  cent  of  iron.  Other  parties  have  taken  an  interest  in  ex- 
ploration work,  and  a  mine  has  been  discovered  about  two  miles  south  of 
tlie  city  of  Baraboo.  A  shaft  has  been  sunk  on  this  property,  known. 
as  the  Cahoon  mine,  to  a  depth  of  about  three  hundred  and  fifty  feet, 
and  the  shaft  is  showing  up  good  ore.  Farther  to  the  east,  in  Caledonia, 
considerable  exploration  work  was  done  also,  and  large  ore  deposits 
were  located  at  that  place.  It  has  thus  been  demonstrated  that  iron 
ore  may  be  found  in  almost  any  place  in  the  Baraboo  Valley,  and  no 
doubt  in  the  near  future  new  deposits  will  be  discovered.  These  de- 
posits will  greatly  increase  the  wealth  of  Sauk  county,  and  are  apt  to 
increase  largely  the  population  of  the  county,  because,  by  reason  of 
the  proximity  of  this  deposit  to  Gary,  shipments  can  be  made,  not  only 
in  very  short  time,  but  also  at  small  cost. 

Herman  Grotophorst,  whose  enterprise  in  this  direction  has  opened 
up  a  new  phase  of  mineral  development  in  central  Wisconsin,  was  born 
August  26,  1856,  in  the  town  of  Honey  Creek,  Sauk  county,  Wisconsin. 
His  parents  were  John  H.  and  Gertrude  (Dahlen)  Grotophorst,  both 
natives  of  Germany.  The  father  came  to  America  in  1849,  bringing 
his  family  of  three  children,  and  found  a  location  in  Sauk  county,  where 


1556  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

hf  was  among  the  early  settlers.  His  career  was  that  of  a  farmer,  and 
aside  from  his  substantial  prosperity  in  that  line,  he  was  known  as  an 
honorable,  upright  citizen,  respected  by  all  who  knew  him.  In  the 
early  years  of  his  American  citizenship,  his  political  support  was  given 
to  the  Democratic  party,  and  that  continued  until  the  death  of  Lincoln, 
after  which  he  was  equally  strong  in  his  support  of  Republican  prin- 
ciples.    In  the  family  were  four  sons  and  one  daughter. 

The  education  of  Herman  Grotophorst  until  his  thirteenth  year  was 
derived  from  attendance  at  the  country  schools  in  the  neighborhood  of 
the  homestead.  He  gained  a  thorough  familiarity  with  farm  labor  as  a 
j^outh,  studied  as  opportunity  presented,  and  all  the  while  was  ambitious 
to  extend  the  horizon  of  his  activities  beyond  the  limits  of  a  farm.  Fin- 
ally, in  1882,  he  entered  the  University  of  AVisconsin,  where  he  was  grad- 
uated with  the  class  of  1885,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Science.  His 
studies  were  then  continued  in  the  law  department  of  the  State  Univer- 
sity, where  he  completed  his  work  in  1885.  After  standing  the  law  exam- 
inations, he  moved  to  Baraboo  in  1886,  and  in  this  city  his  first  experi- 
ence as  a  lawyer  b^an.  In  1888  Mr.  Grotophorst  moved  to  the  city  of 
IMinneapolis,  where  he  remained  two  years  and  during  that  time  w^as  asso- 
ciated with  James  A.  Peterson  under  the  firm  name  of  Grotophorst  & 
Peterson.  With  two  years'  experience  in  metropolitan  practice,  he 
returned  to  Baraboo,  became  associated  with  Mr.  Remmington  and  Buch- 
ley  under  the  firm  name  of  Grotophorst,  Remmington  and  Buchley. 
That  firm  lasted  three  years.  The  following  twelve  years  Mr.  Groto- 
phorst practiced  alone,  and  then  established  the  present  firm  of  Groto- 
phorst, Evans  &  Thomas,  the  other  members  being  ]\Ir.  E.  A.  Evans, 
and  Mr.  H.  A.  Thomas.  Theirs  is  one  of  the  leading  legal  firms  of 
Sauk  county,  and  their  practice  is  of  a  general  nature. 

From  1886  to  1888  Mr.  Grotophorst  served  as  superintendent  of 
the  city  schools  of  Baraboo,  and  his  record  as  an  educator  is  w^ell  re- 
membered by  many  of  the  older  citizens  of  this  locality.  For  nine  years 
he  served  as  a  member  of  the  state  board  of  control,  and  was  district 
attorney  during  the  Peck  administration.  A  few  years  ago  he  con- 
sented to  become  Democratic  candidate  in  his  district  for  "Congress 
against  ]\Ir.  Babcock,  and  his  defeat  was  by  a  very  small  majority. 
Throughout  his  career  his  politics  have  been  staunchly  Democratic,  and 
he  is  now  regarded  as  a  Democrat  with  strongly  progressive  tendencies. 
For  fifteen  years  he  has  served  as  secretary  of  the  Democratic  county 
committee,  has  been  a  delegate  to  county,  state  and  national  convention, 
and  during  the  active  career  of  that  eminent  Democratic  statesman  was 
a  very  warm  supporter  of  Grover  Cleveland. 

For  the  past  four  years  Mr.  Grotophorst  has  been  president  of  the 
Bank  of  Baraboo,  a  substantial  and  old  financial  institution,  with  re- 
sources aggregating  nearly  two  million  dollars,  concerning  which  more 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1557 

will  be  found  elsewhere  in  this  work.     Mr.  Grotophorst  has  fraternal 
affiliations  with  the  Masonic  Order. 

In  the  City  of  Minneapolis  on  July  22,  1891,  Herman  Grotophorst 
married  Miss  ]\Iary  E.  Griffith,  a  daughter  of  James  and  Ella  Griffith, 
who  were  residents  of  North  Wales,  England. 

Sanpord  H.  Wood.  A  very  efficient  administration  of  the  office 
of  county  clerk  of  Sauk  county  has  been  given  by  Mr.  Wood  during 
the  past  six  years,  and  his  character  as  a  citizen  and  as  a  public  official 
is  held  in  high  esteem  throughout  that  community.  Mr.  Wood  is  a 
veteran  of  the  railroad  service,  having  spent  many  years  as  an  engineer 
with  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railway. 

Sanford  H.  Wood  was  born  December  25,  1849,  in  McHenry  county, 
Illinois.  His  parentis,  Jacob  and  Sarah  (Thompson)  Wood,  were  both 
born  in  the  Province  of  Ontario,  Canada,  and  Jacob  Wood  moved  to 
the  United  States  in  1832,  locating  in  Boone  county,  Illinois.  After  a 
residence  there  of  eight  years,  his  home  was  established  in  McHenry 
county,  where  he  followed  the  trade  of  blacksmith  until  1860,  when  he 
engaged  in  farming  until  he  retired.  His  death  occurred  in  Nebraska 
in  1898.  His  widow  survived  until  1910,  passing  away  at  Aurora, 
Illinois.  Thomas  Thompson,  the  maternal  grandfather,  whose  home 
was  in  Canada  lived  to  be  one  hundred  and  three  years  of  age.  The 
great-grandfather  on  the  paternal  side  was  a  Pennsylvania  Dutchman. 
Sanford  H.  Wood  attained  all  his  early  education  in  the  common 
schools,  of  JMcHenry  county,  Illinois.  His  active  career  began  at  the  age 
of  sixteen,  and  for  more  than  twenty  years  he  was  a  railroader.  His 
first  work  was  as  a  brakeman  on  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  line, 
followed  by  six  months  as  a  baggageman,  after  which  he  became  fireman 
for  three  years,  and  in  1881  was  promoted  to  locomotive  engineer.  Prom 
1884  to  1897  he  was  one  of  the  capable  and  skillful  drivers  of  one  of  the 
engines  in  the  passenger  service  on  the  Northwestern  Railroad.  In 
1897,  on  leaving  the  railroad  service,  Mr.  Wood  established  his  home 
at  Baraboo.  Since  that  time  his  interest  has  been  taken  up  with  differ- 
ent lines  of  business,  and  in  the  fall  of  1906  he  was  elected  county  clerk 
of  Sauk  county.  His  official  administration  began  in  1907,  and  by 
reelection  his  services  have  been  retained  to  the  present  time.  His 
office  is  conducted  in  a  way  that  gives  the  greatest  satisfaction  to  the 
people,  and  his  personal  acquaintance  with  the  inhabitants  of  Sauk 
county  is  probably  as  extensive  as  that  of  any  other  local  county  official. 
His  politics  is  of  the  Progressive-Republican  brand. 

Mr.  Wood  is  affiliated  with  the  Baraboo  Lodge  of  Masons,  with  the 
Knights  on  Pythias  Lodge  No.  47,  and  with  the  Modem  Woodmen  of 
America.  His  long  railroad  service  gives  him  an  active  membership  in 
the  Brotherhood  of  Locomotive  Engineers.  In  McHenry  county,  Illi- 
nois, on  November  2,  1875,  he  married  Elsie  M.  Stevens,  a  daughter  of 


1558  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Jouas  and  Mary  Stevens.     One  daughter  has  been  born  to  their  union, 
Nella,  born  July  18,  1881. 

Thomas  S.  Nolan.  In  twenty-seven  years  of  membership  with  the 
Jaut;sville  Bar,  Mr.  Nolan  has  been  both  a  successful  and  a  distinguished 
lawyer;  one  whose  talents  and  hard-working  ability  have  enabled  him 
to  serve  the  interests  of  many  and  important  clients  and  who  both  as 
a  citizen  and  business  man  has  been  prominent  in  the  city  and  in  south- 
er Wisconsin. 

Thomas  S.  Nolan  is  a  native  of  Janesville,  born  in  the  city,  October 
11,  1856,  a  son  of  Simon  and  Margaret  (Coss)  Nolan.  Both  parents 
were  born  in  Ireland,  and  the  father  came  to  America  in  1854,  locating 
in  Janesville.  His  business  was  that  of  Railroad  Contractor,  and  it 
took  liim  into  various  parts  of  the  country,  and  it  is  worth  mentioning 
that  he  was  one  of  the  contractors  who  helped  to  build  the  Northwestern 
Railroad  from  Janesville  to  Chicago.  There  were  two  children,  Thomas 
S.  and  Catherine  M.,  the  latter  being  the  wife  of  Walter  E.  Fernald,  well 
known  as  an  educator,  and  who  since  1886  has  been  Superintendent  of 
the  School  for  Feeble  Minded  at  Boston,  Massachusetts.  Both  the 
parents  are  now  deceased. 

Thomas  S.  Nolan  attended  the  public  schools  and  then  was  a  stu- 
dent at  Ridgetown,  Ontario,  in  the  Ridgetown  Academy.  He  began 
studying  law  in  the  office  of  Attorney  Edward  Bates,  of  York,  Nebraska. 
For  some  time  previously  he  had  been  employed  as  assistant  clerk,  and 
then  as  clerk  in  the  office  of  the  Nebraska  Penitentiary.  Finally  he 
returned  to  Janesville,  and  continued  his  study  of  law  with  Cassoday 
&  Carpenter,  and  later  with  Eldredge  &  Fethers.  He  was  admitted  to 
practice  in  the  Wisconsin  Bar  in  1879. 

Mr.  Nolan  in  1881  was  one  of  the  incorporators  of  the  Recorder 
Printing  Company,  and  for  the  first  two  years  was  editor  of  the  Re- 
corder, a  Republican  paper.  On  leaving  the  editorial  chair  he  became 
associated  in  practice  with  John  Cunningham,  under  the  firm  name  of 
Nolan  &  Cunningham.  This  partnership  continued  for  three  years,  at 
the  end  of  which  time  George  G.  Sutherland  became  his  partner,  under 
the  name  of  Sutherland  &  Nolan.  Their  firm  did  a  large  business  in 
Janesville  and  Rock  county,  and  their  relationship  was  continued  for 
nine  years.  After  that  Mr.  Nolan  practiced  alone  until  1908,  and  then 
became  associated  with  H.  W.  Adams  and  Charles  W.  Reeder,  under 
the  firm  name  of  Nolan,  Adams  &  Reeder.  This  partnership  was  dis- 
solved in  1911.  and  Mr.  Nolan  now  has  offices  by  himself  in  the  Jackman 
Building. 

Mr.  Nolan  has  been  closely  identified  with  several  of  the  larger 
business  enterprises  of  Janesville.  He  was  one  of  the  promoters,  the 
attorney  and  an  organizer  of  the  Rockford  &  Interurban  Railway  Com- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1559 

pauy.  He  was  also  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Janesville  Traction 
Company.     He  was  also  an  organizer  of  the  Bower  City  Bank. 

Fraternally,  Mr.  Nolan  is  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason,  and  also 
affiliates  with  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  In  poli- 
tics he  is  a  Republican,  and  for  several  years  was  chairman  of  the 
County  Republican  Committee.  He  was  one  of  the  original  members 
of  the  Fire  and  Police  Commission  of  Janesville,  and  for  four  years  was 
president  of  the  commission. 

February  22,  1883,  he  married  Miss  Jessie  M.  ^lurdock,  daughter  of 
Edwin  D.  and  Adelia  (Hoyt)  Murdock.  They  are  the  parents  of  one 
daughter.  Vera  E.,  who  graduated  from  the  Janesville  High  School 
with  the  class  of  1909,  and  from  Milwaukee-Downer  College  in  1912. 

Arminio  Conte,  As  a  commonwealth  which  on  many  counts  is 
properly  adjudged  foremost  in  progressiveness  among  American 
States,  Wisconsin  has  assimilated  a  more  cosmopolitan  population 
than  almost  any  other  state,  and  the  achievements  and  position  which 
are  the  chief  ground  for  state  pride  no  doubt  proceed  largely  from 
this  very  cosmopolitanism. 

From  the  priority  in  settlement  and  preponderance  in  numerical 
and  commercial  power  the  German  people  have  of  course  been  credited 
with  the  most  distinctive  part  in  shaping  the  destiny  of  the  state,  but 
many  other  nationalities  have  contributed  in  only  less  degree.  As 
economic  factors  the  Italian  people  today  exert  a  powerful  influence 
in  the  state,  and  the  values  they  will  contribute  in  the  progress  of 
Wisconsin  during  the  following  decades  will  be  increasingly  shown 
in  all  departments  of  activity. 

As  the  home  government's  representative  in  the  state,  as  a  banker 
and  business  man  of  Milwaukee,  the  foremost  Italian- American  citizen 
of  Wisconsin  is  Arminio  Conte,  a  young  man  whose  brilliant  ability 
and  accomplishment  in  the  finer  things  of  life,  as  w^ell  as  his  success  in 
business  render  him  an  especially  appropriate  representative  of  a 
nation  which  for  so  long  has  been  regarded  as  the  world's  center  of 
culture  and  religion. 

Arminio  Conte  was  born  near  Naples,  Villanova  del  Battista,  in 
the  Province  of  Avellino,  Italy,  November  18,  1878.  He  is  the  second 
son  of  the  late  Ralph  Conte  and  Lucy  (Torizzo)  Conte,  his  mother  be- 
ing still  a  resident  in  Italy.  There  w^ere  four  sons  and  one  daughter  in 
the  family.  The  father  was  for  many  years  a  soldier  under  the  Bour- 
bons, but  later  deserted  them  and  for  about  eight  years  served  under 
the  new  regime  inaugurated  when  Rome  was  proclaimed  capital  of 
Italy  on  September  20,  1870.  The  father  died  in  Italy  in  September, 
1908.  He  had  served  his  country  as  a  soldier  from  the  time  he  was 
sixteen  until  the  time  he  was  thirty-five  years  of  age.  During  the  lat- 
ter part  of  his  life  he  was  in  business  as  an  exporter  of  wines  and  he 


1560  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

also  mauufactured  wines  from  the  grapes  of  his  own  vineyard,  as  well 
as  from  those  of  other  vineyards  in  Italy. 

Arminio  Coute  received  his  education  at  Naples,  and  in  Rome, 
wdiere  he  sj^ent  his  youth.  He  Avas  educated  in  the  technical  school 
called  in  Italian  "Scuole  Techniche  and  Ystituto  Secnico."  At  the 
age  of  seventeen  he  received  the  degree  which  in  Italian  is  "Segretario 
Comunate. "  At  the  taking  of  the  Italian  census  in  1891  he  was 
awarded  the  diploma  of  honor  from  the  minister  of  commerce  and 
labor.  He  has  passed  successfully  many  civil  examinations  in  Italy. 
On  October  27,  1902,  he  was  appointed  clerk  of  the  Italian  Consul  at 
New  York  City.  He  came  to  America  to  take  up  his  duties,  and  spent 
four  years  in  New  York.  After  this  in  July,  1906,  he  was  appointed 
Italian  Consular  Agent  (Agente  Consolare  D 'Italia).  This  appoint- 
ment brought  him  to  Milwaukee,  where  he  arrived  on  February  3,  1907, 
and  has  held  this  position  and  been  a  resident  of  the  city  ever  since. 
His  jurisdiction  as  consular  agent  covers  Wisconsin  and  Iowa,  and 
among  the  Italian  Americans  of  these  two  states  he  performs  a  service 
Avhose  value  in  all  its  varied  details  of  practical  assistance,  advice,  and 
benevolence,  can  hardly  be  overestimated.  He  looks  after  injury 
eases  among  his  people,  guides  the  Italian  immigrants  who  come  to 
these  states,  secures  work  for  them  and  settles  their  disputes  and 
troubles.  Previous  to  his  arrival  the  labor  bureaus  had  been  syste- 
matically robbing  the  Italian  immigrants  on  every  hand,  but  under 
his  consular  jurisdiction  the  labor  bureaus  have  gone  out  of  existence 
so  far  as  their  preying  upon  the  Italian  people  is  concerned.  The 
Chicago  &  Northwestern  Ry.  Co.,  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul 
Railway,  The  Falk  Foundry,  International  Harvester  Company, 
and  the  Allis  &  Chalmers  Company  now  hire  all  their  Italian  laborers 
through  the  Consular  Agency.  Through  Mr.  Conte  the  Italian  govern- 
ment has  placed  more  than  twenty  thousand  volumes  of  Italian  gram- 
mars and  other  Italian  school  books  in  the  Third  Ward  School,  in 
Mihvaukee,  this  wdrd  being  composed  of  ninety  per  cent  Italian 
pupils.  In  that  school  they  teach  both  English  and  Italian,  and  the 
school  has  become  an  excellent  training  ground  for  the  making  of 
good  American  citizens.  Mr.  Conte  is  popular  among  social  and 
business  circles  in  the  city,  is  a  member  of  the  Deutsclier  Club  of 
Milwaukee,  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  the  M.  &  M.  Association  and 
Italian  Chambers  of  Commerce  of  New  York  and  Chicago.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Catholic  church,  belonging  to  Blessed  Virgin  of  Pompeii 
parish  of  Milwaukee,  and  takes  an  active  part  in  that  congregation. 
Mr.  Conte  is  of  the  opinion  that  his  people  in  America  need  just  two 
things,  the  school  and  the  church,  and  it  has  been  his  aim  to  have  the 
children  of  his  countrymen  to  attend  school  and  the  entire  family  at- 
tend church,  and  in  this  way  the  best  inflviences  are  exercised  for  good 
and  useful  citizens. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1561 

Mr.  Conte  ou  January  1,  1909,  opened  in  Milwaukee  the  Italian 
Mutual  Savings  Bank,  located  at  149  Detroit  street.  This  bank  accepts 
deposits  all  the  waj'  from  one  cent  to  one  thousand  dollars,  but  not  in 
excess  of  one  thousand  dollars  at  one  time.  This  is  the  only  Italian 
bank  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  and  its  business  is  chiefly  local  to 
Milwaukee.  Mr.  Conte  also  represents  the  Bank  of  Naples,  has  the 
agency  for  all  the  steamship  lines  to  Europe  and  South  America.  As 
Consular  Agent  he  has  in  the  two  states  about  forty-five  thousand 
Italians  under  his  supervision,  and  his  office  handles  a  correspondence 
of  more  than  fifty  letters  a  day  among  these  people.  Mr.  Conte  in 
June,  1910,  established  the  Milwaukee  Macaroni  Company,  whose 
plant  is  at  173  Huron  street,  Mr.  Conte  being  treasurer  of  this 
concern  and  the  officers  being  well  known  Italians  in  the  city.  The 
company  has  prospered  and  built  up  a  very  flourishing  business 
since  its  beginning,  and  now  ships  one  thousand  boxes  of  macaroni, 
each  box  containing  fifteen  pounds  net,  and  more  business  will  be 
handled  as  soon  as  the  plant  can  be  enlarged. 

Arminio  Conte  is  a  bachelor,  is  a  thorough  student,  a  fine  convei'- 
sationalist,  and  has  devoted  his  splendid  abilities  and  powers  to  the 
service  of  his  country,  and  is  one  of  the  finest  representatives  of 
Italian-American  citizenship  in  Wisconsin  or  in  any  state. 

Hon.  Francis  A.  Deleglise.  On  March  25,  1894,  there  passed  away 
at  Antigo,  Wisconsin,  the  man  widely  and  familiarly  known  to  the 
public  as  the  "Father  of  Antigo."  He  was  Hon.  Francis  Augustine 
Deleglise,  and  he  was  born  on  February  10,  1835,  in  Commune  of  Baynes, 
Canton  of  Valais,  Switzerland,  the  son  of  Maurice  Athanase  and  Cather- 
ine (Lang)  Del'Eglise.  In  the  preparation  of  this  all  too  brief  memo- 
riam  which  is  designed  for  publication  in  this  history  of  Wisconsin, 
nothing  could  be  more  in  the  nature  of  a  eulogy  than  a  simply  straight- 
forward recounting  of  the  more  salient  features  of  his  long  and  singu- 
larly sweet  life,  and  it  is  not  the  purpose  or  intent  of  this  article  to  do 
aught  but  tell  of  him  as  he  was. 

The  father  of  Mr.  Deleglise  was  one  of  four  brothers  of  an  old,  and 
highly  respected  Catholic  family  of  Valais,  Avho  were  vineyardists. 
Of  the  four  brothers,  who  all  lived  to  reach  ripe  old  ages  two 
were  priests,  one  of  the  Order  of  Jesuits,  was  a  teacher  of  Mathe- 
matics at  the  University  of  Freiburg;  the  other  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Bernard  was  the  Superior  of  the  Monks  at  the  Great  St.  Bernard's 
Hospital.  Maurice,  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  a  teacher  and  sur- 
veyor while  the  other  brother  conducted  his  vineyard,  following  the 
occupation  of  his  ancestors.  In  1848,  much  against  the  wishes  of  their 
family,  these  latter  two  brothers,  with  their  little  families,  emigrated 
to  America — the  one  brother  locating  in  Missouri  near  Leavenworth, 
Kansas,  where  he  followed  the  occupation  of  his  native  Canton,  and 


1562  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

conducted  a  vineyard  up  to  the  time  of  kis  death;  while  Maurice 
came  to  Wisconsin,  where  he  endeavored  to  provide  for  his  family 
by  agriculture.  The  pioneer's  life  was  a  hard  struggle  for  the  Swiss 
teacher  and  harder  on  the  wife  who  survived  their  arrival  to  the 
new  country  but  five  years  when  she  succumbed  in  childbii'th  to  the 
hardships  and  privations  of  pioneer  life  at  their  home  in  the  town 
of  Theresa,  now  in  Dodge  county,  Wisconsin,  where  she  was  buried. 

The  family  made  their  home  in  Gibson,  Manitowoc  county,  for  a 
short  time  and  then  removed  to  near  what  is  now  Belle  Plain  in 
Shawano  county,  Wisconsin.  Here  the  father  farmed  up  to  the  time  of 
his  death  in  1878,  and  was  brought  for  burial  to  the  home  of  his  son, 
Francis  A.,  in  the  then  little  village  of  Antigo,  just  being  platted 
by  this  son,  its  founder. 

Francis  Augustine  was  the  eldest  of  the  three  children  brought  to 
America — the  eldest  child,  a  daughter,  Catherine,  having  yielded  to 
the  persuasions  of  relatives  and  remained  with  them  in  the  native 
land.  Francis  had  up  to  this  time  been  a  regular  attendant  at  the 
very  excellent  schools  of  his  old  home,  but  the  new  country  taxed 
the  family's  savings  to  the  utmost  and  its  welfare  in  a  great  meas- 
ure depended  upon  the  earning  capacity  of  this  big,  bright,  healthy  boy 
of  barely  fourteen  years,  who  proved  himself  resourceful  and  willing  to 
turn  to  any  work  that  offered  to  help  the  family — from  clearing,  farm- 
ing, sailing  on  the  Lakes  in  summer  and  working  in  the  logging  woods 
in  winter,  to  helping  his  father  in  surveying  for  the  neighbors,  Francis 
did  everything  and  anything  in  a  cheerful,  willing  and  capable  manner, 
his  earnings  always  going  into  the  family  purse. 

At  the  age  of  twenty-one  Francis  Deleglise  married,  and  soon  there- 
after he  and  his  young  wife  went  to  Appleton  where  they  continued  to 
reside  until  1877,  with  the  exception  of  two  years'  residence,  '71- '73,  in 
Shawano  county  where  Mr.  Deleglise  started  and  platted  the  village  of 
Leopolis.  During  those  years  he  was  more  or  less  occupied  in  civil 
and  municipal  engineering,  locating  settlers  on  homestead  lands,  etc., 
carrying  on  the  work  he  had  learned  under  his  father. 

It  should  be  stated  here,  however,  that  he  enlisted  on  June  28,  1861, 
in  Appleton,  Wisconsin,  in  Company  E  of  the  Sixth  Wisconsin  Volun- 
teer Infantry,  under  Captain  Marsten  of  Appleton.  He  was  promoted 
Boon  to  the  rank  of  corporal,  and  in  July,  1862,  the  regiment  became 
attached  to  the  Army  of  the  Potomac,  participating  thereafter  in  the 
many  struggles  of  the  famed  Iron  Brigade.  At  Antietam,  on  September 
17,  1862.  he  was  severely  wounded  and  as  a  result  was  in  hospital  for 
several  months  thereafter.  He  was  at  the  battle  of  Gettysburg  and 
was  severely  wounded  and  taken  prisoner  during  the  first  day's  fight. 
He  did  not  long  remain  in  the  hands  of  the  enemy,  however,  as  when 
they  retreated,  they  were  forced  to  leave  their  wounded  behind  them, 
and  he  was  rescued  bv  the  Federal  forces.     On  July   16.   1864,  Mr. 


I 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1563 

Deleglise  was  honorably  discharged,  with  the  record  of  a  valiant  soldier 
to  his  credit.  When  he  enlisted  he  was  a  stout,  husky  young  man, 
weighing  one  hundred  and  eighty  pounds,  and  when  he  returned  from 
the  war  he  had  become  so  emaciated  from  illness,  wounds  and  army  fare 
thai  he  tipped  the  scales  at  barely  ninety  pounds.  He  suffered  for 
long  after  the  war  as  the  result  of  his  experience,  and  during  his  con- 
valescence he  studied  engineering  and  mathematics  and  as  soon  as  he 
was  able  in  point  of  bodily  strength,  he  resumed  his  work  of  sur-veying, 
and  in  time  he  became  an  expei't  in  that  branch  of  civil  engineering. 

In  1867  he  commenced  the  looking  up  and  locating  of  lands  in  North 
Central  Wisconsin,  and  it  was  then  that  he,  in  reality,  selected  the  site 
of  the  future  city  of  Antigo,  and  in  1877,  to  further  exemplify  the 
faith,  he  felt  in  the  future  of  the  place  he  brought  his  family  here  and 
loc'ated,  and  platted  the  village  of  Antigo.  Mr.  Deleglise  named  it 
so  from  ' '  Nequi  Antigo  Suebeh, ' '  the  Chippewa  Indian  name  of  Spring 
River,  signifying  Balsam  Evergreen  River  from  the  balsam  and  ever- 
green that  border  the  waters  of  this  stream  which  flow^  through  the 
plat.  He  was  the  first  town  chairman  and  when  the  county  was  organ- 
ized he  was  elected  chairman  of  the  first  county  board,  and  served 
among  the  first  county  treasures  and  was  most  active  in  its  early 
organization  and  management.  Mr.  Deleglise  dealt  largely  in  real 
estate,  and  he  became  the  possessor  of  immense  tracts  of  land  in  and 
about  the  county.  He  was  one  of  the  most  public  spirited  men  the  city 
ever  knew,  always  working  for  the  development  and  improvement  of 
the  community,  and  having  an  eye  single  to  its  best  development  along 
material  and  moral  lines.  He  was  a  man  liberal  in  all  things  especially 
in  matters  of  church  and  of  education,  donating  sites  for  these  pur- 
poses and  also  for  public  buildings.  In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat 
first,  but  after  the  war  he  became  a  Republican  and  he  continued  a 
staunch  adherent  of  that  political  faith  up  to  the  time  of  his  death.  In 
1892  he  was  elected  to  represent  this  district  in  the  state  legislature, 
where  he  made  a  brilliant  record  as  a  legislator,  manifesting  his  intelli- 
gent interest  in  the  best  welfare  of  his  constituents  and  accomplishing 
worthy  work  in  that  office.  He  was  a  staunch  Roman  Catholic  all  his 
life,  and  died  in  the  fervent,  loyal  profession  of  that  faith,  on  Easter 
Sunday.  Mareh  25.  1894. 

On  November  29,  1856,  ]\Ir.  Deleglise  was  married  at  Two  Rivers, 
Wisconsin,  to  Mary  Bor,  born  on  January  1,  1835,  iii  Taus,  Bohemia. 
She  was  the  daughter  of  Simon  and  Dora  (Kerzman)  Bor,  the  family 
coming  to  America  from  Bohemia  in  1855  and  settling  in  the  town  of 
Gibson,  in  Manitowoc  county,  where  the  Deleglise  family  resided.  The 
father,  who  was  a  merchant  in  his  native  land,  engaged  in  farming  here, 
and  thus  passed  his  remaining  days.  He  died  in  Antigo  in  1881.  He 
had  served  eight  years  as  a  soldier  in  his  home  country. 

Mrs.  Deleglise  was  a  devoted  mother  and  brave  woman  w^ho  faced 


1564  '  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

courageously  the  hardships  and  trials,  first  of  the  wife  of  a  soldier 
during  the  Civil  war,  with  three  small  children  to  care  for,  and  then 
as  the  mother  of  eight  ehildi-en  she  journeyed  with  them  to  these 
wilds  to  undertake  the  responsibilities  of  the  pioneer  woman.  She 
was  of  a  deeply  religious  and  sympathetic  nature,  a  natural  born 
nurse  and  the  pioneer  women  all  looked  to  her  for  help  and  encour- 
agement in  sickness  and  trials  and  relied  upon  her  to  nurse  them 
and  she  was  always  ready  to  go  when  called  upon.  Mr.  Deleglise 
entered  the  lands  in  the  vicinity  of  Antigo  in  her  name  and  the 
site  of  the  city  also  was  in  her  name  she  signing  the  Plat  of  the 
village  of  Antigo  as  its  owner.  Mrs.  Deleglise  survived  her  hus- 
band fourteen  years,  dying  December  20,  1907. 

To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Deleglise  were  born  the  following  children:  ]\Iary 
T.,  who  married  John  Deresch,  of  Antigo,  Wisconsin ;  Sophia  E.,  the 
widow  of  Samuel  E.  Leslie  of  Antigo;  Francis  Joseph,  who  is  deceased; 
John  E.,  also  deceased;  Anna  E.,  the  wife  of  Thomas  Morrissey  of 
Antigo;  Adelbert  A.;  Alexius  L. ;  Henry  and  Edmond,  the  last  two 
deceased. 

Mrs.  Mary  Teresa  Deresch,  eldest  child  of  her  parents,  and  her  hus- 
band, were  the  first  white  settlers  to  enter  a  government  homestead  in 
this  then  wilderness,  and  she  was  for  a  long  time  the  only  white  woman 
within  a  radius  of  twenty  miles.  They  have  two  surviving  children, 
Christian  and  Charles.  Their  child  born  to  them  in  1877  was  the  first 
white  child  born  here  but  it  survived  but  a  few  days. 

Mrs.  Sophia  Leslie,  now  widowed,  has  two  surviving  children.  Loyola 
I.  and  Cyril  Deleglise;  Mrs.  Leslie,  it  should  be  noted,  was  one  of  the 
first  school  teachers  in  Langlade  county,  and  her  father's  assistant 
when  platting  the  village. 

Anna  E.,  and  her  husband,  Thomas  Morrissey,  have  four  children : 
Margaret  Virginia,  John  Francis,  Gerald  Deleglise  and  May.  Mrs. 
Morrissey  as  a  girl  of  ten  years  accompanied  her  father  to  Langlade 
county  when  he  brought  with  him  the  first  band  of  thirty  prospective 
colonists  and  she  spent  the  first  winter  with  her  sister,  ]Mrs.  John  Der- 
esch, her  mother  and  the  remainder  of  the  family  coming  in  the  fol- 
lowing spring.  She  was  the  first  white  child  to  come  to  what  later 
became  Langlade  county,  and  she  has  an  acquaintance  with  this  part  of 
the  county  that  dates  back  to  the  most  primitive  days,  in  the  matter  of 
settlement. 

Adelbert  Deleglise  is  unmarried  and  resides  in  Antigo. 

Alexius  L.  Deleglise,  the  youngest  son  of  the  five  living  children  of  his 
parents,  is  city  engineer  of  Antigo,  and  is  one  of  the  prominent  young 
men  of  the  city.  He  is  a  widower  and  has  three  children,  Margaret,  Irene 
and  Germaine.  The  family,  from  first  to  last,  has  enjoyed  the  con- 
fidence and  esteem  of  the  best  people  of  the  county,  and  their  place 
as  pioneers  of  the  city  and  country  is  not  less  pronounced  than  is  their 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1565 

standing  in  the  matter  of  citizenship  of  the  most  helpful  and  uplift- 
ing order. 

George  H.  Gordon,  the  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  George  H. 
Gordon,  Law  &  Gordon,  is  the  leading  corporation  lawyer  of  his  section 
of  Wisconsin.  He  is  a  director  of  the  National  Bank  of  La  Crosse  and 
the  counselor  of  many  of  the  largest  local  manufacturing,  commercial 
and  public  service  corporations. 

His  partner,  Mr.  D.  S.  Law,  at  present  district  attorney  of  La  Crosse 
county,  is  the  son  of  one  of  the  city's  pioneers,  the  late  David  Law,  who 
was  a  man  of  large  and  original  ability  and  force.  The  junior  member, 
Robert  D.  Gordon,  eldest  son  of  the  senior  member  of  the  firm,  is  a  grad- 
uate of  1911,  of  the  Law  Department  of  Cornell  University. 

George  H.  Gordon  is  a  Republican  and  has  been  district  attorney  of 
La  Crosse  county,  an  alderman  of  the  Sixteenth  AVard,  and,  during  the 
administration  of  President  Taft,  he  was  United  States  District  Attor- 
ney for  the  Western  District  of  Wisconsin. 

This  is  a  brief  schedule  of  results.  Mr.  Gordon's  career  is  more 
interesting  in  its  development  than  this  outline  would  suggest.  He  is 
the  son  of  two  good,  old  fashioned  Presbyterian  Scotch  people,  William 
M.  and  Jane  Barnes  Gordon,  who  came  to  this  county  sixty-one  years 
ago,  and  lived  the  lives  of  sincerity  and  independence  for  which  they 
were  both  born,  and  which  exemplified  the  stiff-necked  rules  of  the  genu- 
ine Covenanter.  After  a  short  stay  in  Waukesha  they  moved  to  what 
was  then  North  La  Crosse,  where  George,  their  third  child,  was  born, 
in  1860,  July  3rd.  William  M.  Gordon  worked  at  his  trade  of  machinist 
until  he  had  accumulated  a  sufficient  competence  to  maintain  himself 
and  wife  when  he  retired.  He  died  in  1910.  She  had  preceded  him  by 
three  years. 

North  La  Crosse  was  a  sandy  little  sawmill  village,  and  by  the  time 
George  was  big  enough  to  go  to  school  the  sorting  and  rafting  of  the 
great  output  of  logs  that  came  down  Black  River,  was  done  within  a 
four  mile  stretch  of  river,  beginning  at  the  old  main  sorting  boom  just 
above  Onalaska,  and  ending  at  the  upper  limits  of  North  La  Crosse. 

All  the  boys  in  the  neighborhood  used,  in  those  days,  to  quit  school 
and  take  to  the  river  in  the  spring,  like  ducks.  They  became  very  expert 
log  riders,  and  boys  of  sixteen  and  even  younger,  could  command  from 
$3.00  to  $5.00  a  day  during  the  season's  rush,  after  "the  spring  drive." 

George  H.  Gordon  was  one  of  these  boys.  He  went  to  school  in  the 
winter  and  "worked  on  the  river"  in  the  summer,  until  he  was  about 
eighteen,  when,  largely  through  the  interest  taken  in  him  by  a  fellow 
riverman  of  mature  years,  Mdio  was  a  great  reader  and  a  man  of  intelli- 
gence and  sense,  George  was  inspired  to  look  for  a  field  of  life-work  with 
possibilities  beyond  manual  labor  and  day  wages.  He  determined,  under 
the  advice  of  his  mentor,  to  become  a  lawyer,  and  entered  the  law  office 


1566  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

of  Wing  &  Prentiss,  where  lie  read  law  and  became  a  law  clerk,  serving 
faithfully  for  four  years,  when  he  was  atlmitted  to  the  bar. 

In  1882  he  began  to  practice  with  the  late  Judge  Thomas  A.  Dyson, 
as  a  partner,  continuing  with  him  until  1886,  when  he  formed  a  new 
partnership  with  William  L.  Crosby,  under  the  firm  style  of  Crosby  & 
Gordon.  This  was  a  happy  and  fortunate  arrangement  for  both  of  these 
young  men.  ^Ir.  Crosby,  a  man  of  large  ability,  was  ambitious  as  well  as 
thorough  and  capable.  His  death  in  1892  cut  short  a  career  of  useful- 
ness and  prominence  for  his  firm,  and  Mr.  Gordon  was  left  alone  until 
January  1,  1898.  Then  he  was,  for  a  few  years  associated  with  John 
J.  Fruit,  an  agreeable  and  successful  co-partnership,  which  was  sev- 
ered by  Mr.  Fritit's  going  upon  the  bench,  in  1901,  and  from  1901  until 
the  present  firm  was  organized  in  1913,  Mr.  Gordon  practiced  alone. 
He  no\\'  expects  his  second  son,  Stanley,  who  will  soon  graduate  from 
Cornell,  to  join  and  become  a  working  force  in  the  firm. 

Mr.  Gordon  has  made  his  way  to  a  leading  place  among  the  lawyers 
of  Wisconsin  without  any  adventitious  assistance.  He  is  not  spectacular 
and  he  has  sought  success  with  none  of  the  artifices  of  the  popular  de- 
elaimer.  He  has  practiced  law,  day  and  night,  year  in  and  year  out, 
not  with  a  view  to  making  a  reputation,  but  with  the  courage  and  deter- 
mination of  a  man  who  starts,  bare  handed,  to  compel  success  by  deserv- 
ing it.  Downright  in  his  opinions  and  "straight  from  the  shoulder"  in 
his  way  of  expressing  them,  he  is  calculated  neither  by  temperament  nor 
experiment,  to  be  patient  with  humbug.  He  never  practices  it  himself 
and  he  makes  short  shrift  of  it  in  others. 

When  a  question  of  right  or  wrong  confronts  him  he  does  credit  to 
the  uncompromising  stock  from  which  he  came.  But  he  is  in  no  sense 
a  narrow  man.  He  has  good  sense  and  plenty  of  good  humor,  is  very 
much  alive  to  the  present,  and  with  a  dead-in-earnest  style  and  method, 
he  is  nevertheless  tolerant,  gentle,  discriminating  and  faithful  in  his 
friendships,  the  sort  of  a  man  the  poor  devil  is  never  afraid  of,  and  from 
whom  the  rich  and  great  expect  no  obsequiousness.  In  short,  he  is  a 
broad,  well  seasoned  speeiinen  of  the  self-made  and  righteously  success- 
ful American  citizen,  self-respecting  -and  compelling  the  respect  of  other 
men  of  strength,  ability  and  character. 

On  January  24,  1885,  Mr.  Gordon  was  married  in  La  Crosse,  to  ]\Iiss 
Stella  G.  Goddard,  daughter  of  L.  M.  Goddard,  and  to  this  union  there 
have  come  four  children,  Robert  D.,  born  March  25.  1888 ;  Stanley, 
December  25,  1890;  Margery,  January  20,  1894:  and  Donald.  :\lareh 
6,  1903. 

George  Craig  Cooper.  Personal  achievement  is  something  in  which 
everyone,  normally  constituted,  takes  justifiable  pride,  but  there  are  few 
individuals  who  do  not  also  value  an  honored  name  and  untarnished 
reputation  inherited  from  forefathers.    In  America  patriotism  has  ever 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1567 

been  placed  on  a  pedestal  and  the  recital  of  military  prowess  in  an  an- 
cestor naturally  brings  a  glow  of  appreciation  which  is  as  pure  a  senti- 
ment as  can  be  cherished  by  one  who  is,  himself,  a  leader  of  the  people. 
The  ancestral  line  of  George  Craig  Cooper  exhibits  not  only  patriotism 
and  military  valor,  but  other  qualities  which  have  contributed  to  the 
upbuilding  of  the  sections  in  which  the  Coopers  and  their  kindred  have 
made  their  homes. 

George  Craig  Cooper  was  born  in  DeKalb  county,  Illinois,  May  26, 
1860,  and  is  a  son  of  James  C.  and  Margaret  E.  (Newton)  Cooper,  The 
father  was  born  at  Sterling,  New  York,  and  was  a  son  of  George  C. 
Cooper  and  a  grandson  of  William  Cooper.  James  C.  Cooper  had  not 
the  robust  health  of  his  military  ancestors,  his  life  covering  but  thirty- 
six  years,  three  of  his  five  children  surviving,  George  Craig  being  the 
third  in  order  of  birth.  He  had  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits  both 
in  DeKalb  and  Lee  counties,  and  also  was  identified  with  merchandis- 
ing in  Illinois,  Avhence  in  1848  he  had  accompanied  his  father,  who  died 
there  fourteen  years  later.  His  father,  William  Cooper,  took  part  in 
the  battle  of  Oswego,  in  the  War  of  1812,  afterward  moving  to  New  York. 
He  married  a  daughter  of  James  Craig,  who  had  come  from  Ireland 
prior  to  the  Revolutionary  war  and  settled  at  East  Salem,  Washington 
county,  New  York,  and  subsequently  served  with  the  colonial  army  un- 
der Colonel  Alexander  Webster.  His  name  has  been  preserved  in  the 
family,  accounting  for  the  Craig  in  the  name  of  George  Craig  Cooper  of 
Superior.  The  mother  of  Mr.  Cooper,  Margaret  E.  (Newton)  Cooper, 
was  born  at  Racine,  Wisconsin,  and  yet  survives.  She  is  a  daughter 
of  Rev.  Daniel  and  Elizabeth  (Walker)  Newton.  The  former  was  born 
in  New  York,  and  became  a  minister  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church, 
and  as  a  pioneer  in  this  denomination  in  Wisconsin  came  to  Racine  in 
1835.  His  long  and  useful  life  was  closed  in  his  eighty-ninth  year,  at 
Seville,  Ohio.  He  married  Elizabeth  Walker,  who  was  born  in  1816,  in 
Illinois,  immediately  across  the  Mississippi  river  from  St.  Louis,  Mis- 
souri. Her  father,  David  Walker,  was  born  in  North  Carolina  and 
moved  from  that  state  to  Tennessee,  from  whence  he  became  a  soldier 
under  General  Jackson  and  fought  at  the  battle  of  New  Orleans,  in  1815. 
After,  with  pioneering  spirit,  he  moved  to  Illinois,  then  practically  a 
wilderness,  and  in  1826  became  the  owner  and  builder  of  the  first  house 
on  the  site  of  the  present  city  of  Ottawa,  in  LaSalle  county,  having  pre- 
viously lived  for  a  time  as  the  first  settler  in  St.  Clair  county.  David 
Walker  married  Phoebe  Findley,  who  was  born  in  Wythe  county,  Vir- 
ginia, a  daughter  of  a  Revolutionary  soldier  who  died  at  the  battle  of 
Cowpens,  while  serving  under  General  Morgan.  Rev.  Jesse  Walker  was 
a  brother  of  David  Walker,  and  it  is  said  that  he  preached  the  first 
Methodist  sermon  ever  delivered  in  Chicago,  Illinois. 

George  Craig  Cooper  received  his  early  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  De  Kalb  county,  Illinois,  following  which  he  entered  the  sem- 


1568  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

inary  at  East  Paw  Paw,  Illinois,  and  after  graduating  from  that  insti- 
tution, took  up  the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of  Samuel  Richardson,  at 
Ottawa.  On  JMay  22,  1882,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  at  once  lo- 
cated in  practice  in  Huron,  South  Dakota,  where  he  followed  his  profes- 
sion during  the  next  nine  years.  Mr.  Cooper  came  to  Superior  in  1891, 
and  here  he  has  continued  in  the  enjoyment  of  a  large  and  reuiuneratiye 
clientele,  at  the  present  time  maintaining  offices  in  the  Wisconsin  build- 
ing. He  has  been  connected  with  a  number  of  cases  which  have  given 
him  deserved  standing  at  the  Wisconsin  bar.  He  has  long  been  identi- 
fied with  Democratic  politics.  While  living  in  South  Dakota,  he  served 
one  term  as  assistant  countj^  attorney,  and  in  1889  became  a  member  of 
the  constitutional  convention  that  framed  the  constitution  for  the  state 
of  South  Dakota.  In  1900  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  Democratic  National 
Convention,  supporting  the  Hon.  William  Jennings  Bryan,  and  in  the 
same  year  became  the  candidate  of  his  party  for  the  office  of  attorney 
general  of  the  state.  A  prominent  Elk,  he  holds  membership  in  Supe- 
I'ior  Lodge  No.  403,  and  in  1900  served  as  exalted  ruler  of  his  lodge. 
As  a  diversion  from  his  arduous  labors  in  his  profession,  Mr.  Cooper  is 
engaged  in  the  breeding  of  full-blooded  Guernsey  cattle,  and  noAV  has 
a  herd  of  thirty  animals  on  his  fine  dairy  farm,  one  of  the  finest  herds 
and  handsomest  dairy  farms  to  be  found  in  the  Northwest.  His  varied 
attainments,  his  forceful  nature  and  his  unflagging  persistence  have 
made  his  every  venture  a  success,  and  in  his  profession,  in  business  and 
in  social  circles  he  is  recognized  as  one  to  whom  others  look  for  leader- 
ship. 

In  1892  Mr.  Cooi^er  was  married  to  Miss  Minnie  McCuUen,  who  was 
born  in  Canada,  a  daughter  of  Alexander  McCullen,  of  Wessington, 
South  Dakota. 

John  T.  jMurpiiy.  It  is  in  the  field  of  journalism,  perhaps,  that  men 
become  most  widely  known,  not  alwaj's  as  personalities,  but  as  influences, 
their  printed  thoughts  reaching  thousands  where  their  spoken  ones  could 
be  heard  but  by  comparatively  a  few.  It  is  for  this  reason  that  the  self- 
imposed  obligation  of  the  journalist  is  of  exceeding  weight,  and  there 
have  been  times  when  a  newspaper  has  forced  reformatory  legislation, 
and  even  been  the  medium  of  changing  public  policies.  From  academic 
halls,  John  T.  Murphy,  president  of  the  Evening  Telegram  Company, 
of  Superior,  entered  into  newspaper  life,  and  has  continued  to  be  prom- 
inently identified  with  the  same  to  the  present  time.  Other  vocations 
have  attracted  him  for  short  periods,  but  he  has  always  returned  to  the 
calling  which  he  chose  as  his  field  of  endeavor  in  young  manhood,  and 
today  he  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  leading  figures  in  the  newspaper 
world  of  the  Northwest.  Mr.  Murphy  was  born  at  Deerfield,  Massachu- 
setts, September  7,  1860,  and  is  a  son  of  Daniel  and  Abigail  (Guiney) 
Murphy. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1569 

Daniel  Murphj',  a  native  of  Cork,  Ireland,  emigrated  to  the  United 
States  in  his  youth  and  for  many  years  was  employed  on  the  construc- 
tion of  the  famous  Hoosac  Tunnel.  Later  he  was  identified  with  numer- 
ous otlier  large  engineering  enterprises  in  the  east,  but  for  some  years 
prior  to  his  death,  which  occurred  at  North  Adams,  Massachusetts,  when 
he  was  seventy-four  years  of  age,  he  lived  a  retired  life.  His  widow 
still  survives  and  makes  her  home  in  the  Bay  state. 

John  T.  ]\Iurphy  received  his  preliminary  educational  training  in 
the  public  schools  of  North  Adams,  and  subsequently  attended 
Drury  Academy,  from  which  he  was  graduated.  He  early  turned  his 
attention  to  work  of  a  journalistic  nature,  becoming  initiated  into  news- 
paper life  in  Boston,  then,  as  now,  one  of  the  leading  literary  centers 
of  the  country.  In  1886  he  turned  his  face  toward  the  west,  and  for 
a  time  was  engaged  in  real  estate  operations  in  Kansas  City,  Missouri, 
but  subsequently  returned  to  his  native  state  and  became  manager  of 
the  North  Adams  Transcript.  He  was  later  on  the  staff  of  the  Boston 
Globe  and  other  large  eastern  metropolitan  newspapers,  and  was  identi- 
fied with  the  New  England  Associated  Press,  but  in  1888  came  to  Supe- 
rior, Wisconsin,  and  for  a  time  was  engaged  in  real  estate  deals  and 
other  large  speculations.  Eventually,  with  W.  E.  Haskell,  then  mana- 
ger of  the  Minneapolis  Journal,  afterwards  manager  of  the  New  York 
Journal  and  Boston  Herald,  he  founded  the  Evening  Telegram,  with 
which  he  has  been  connected  in  one  capacity  or  another  to  the  present 
time.  Later  this  newspaper  became  the  property  of  the  Land  and  River 
Improvement  Company,  but  in  1896  Mr.  Murphy  organized  a  new  cor- 
poration, known  as  the  Evening  Telegram  Company,  and  with  himself 
as  president  of  the  concern  has  continued  to  publish  the  newspaper,  now 
one  of  the  leading  publications  of  the  state.  Although  his  chief  interests 
lie  in  this  connection,  Mr.  Murphy  has  of  late  years  devoted  much  of  his 
time  to  copper  and  iron  lands,  and  is  also  president  of  the  Berkshire 
Realty  Company,  a  company  dealing  in  Superior  real  estate.  He  has 
become  widely  known  in  business  circles,  and  has  ever  been  prominent 
in  movements  tending  to  advance  the  welfare  of  his  adopted  city. 

In  1890  Mr.  Murphy  was  married  to  Miss  IMargaret  Hyland,  a  native 
of  Fort  Edward,  New  York,  who  died  in  1892,  at  the  age  of  twenty-two 
years.  In  April,  1901,  Mr.  Murphy  was  married  to  Elizabeth  ]\I. 
Flynn,  of  North  Adams,  ^Massachusetts.  In  political  matters  a  Re- 
publican, Mr.  ]\Iurphy  has  ever  been  prominent  in  the  councils  of  his 
party,  although  he  has  never  desired  personal  preferment,  and  his  near- 
est approach  to  serving  in  public  office  occurred  in  1900  and  1908,  when 
he  was  in  each  year  one  of  the  delegates  from  Wisconsin  to  the  National 
Republican  Convention.  He  is  a  member  of  a  number  of  social  organi- 
zations in  Superior,  displays  a  commendable  willingness  to  give  his  aid 
and  influence  to  the  movements  which  make  for  education,  morality  and 
good  citizenship,  and  has  a  wide  circle  of  friends  among  all  classes. 


1570  HISTORY  OP  AVISCONSIJ^ 

Frank  H.  Pokhler.  Perhaps  no  state  in  the  Union  is  more  thickly 
populated  with  people  of  German  birth  or  ancestry  than  is  the  great 
state  of  Wisconsin,  and  the  town  of  Prairie  du  Chien  is  especially 
in  that  respect.  It  is  undeniable  that  the  citizenship  of  the  German 
is  of  the  highest  type,  and  it  follows  that  the  community  that  has 
been  settled  by  the  sons  of  that  nation  will  be  marked  by  the  sturdy 
progressiveness  that  characterizes  its  people.  Prairie  du  Chien,  then, 
may  be  regarded  as  one  of  these  fortunate  communities  possessing 
a  generous  proportion  of  men  of  that  type,  and  not  the  least  among 
these  is  its  mayor,  Frank  H.  Poehler.  Not  only  has  he  distinguished 
himself  by  his  service  to  his  community  from  time  to  time,  but  he 
has  played  a  most  important  part  in  the  business  and  fiscal  enter- 
prises incident  to  the  growth  and  prosperity  of  the  city,  and  it  is 
eminentl}^  fitting  that  some  manner  of  tribute  be  paid  to  him  in  a 
work  of  the  character  of  which  this  publication  partakes. 

To  follow  his  career  with  more  or  less  of  detail,  is,  then,  the  object 
of  this  somewhat  brief  review.  He  was  born  in  Prairie  du  Chien, 
Wisconsin,  on  November  15,  1860,  and  is  the  son  of  H.  C.  and  Sophia 
(Green)  Poehler,  concerning  whom  some  mention  is  made  here  as 
follows.  Both  parents  were  natives  of  Germany.  The  father  came 
to  America  in  1856  and  located  at  once  in  Prairie  du  Chien,  being 
one  of  the  pioneer  settlers  of  Crawford  county.  He  set  himself  to 
whatever  occupation  he  could  find,  and  until  1870  was  employed  as 
a  teamster.  In  the  year  mentioned  he  found  himself  sufficiently  in- 
dependent to  gratify  a  long  cherished  ambition, — that  of  opening  a 
general  merchandise  store  in  the  community.  He  prospered  in  his 
undertaking,  bringing  to  bear  upon  the  conduct  of  the  business  all 
his  native  thrift  and  an  excellent  business  judgment,  and  when  he 
died  in  1901  he  was  counted  one  of  the  financially  independent  men 
of  the  city.  He  was  a  man  of  the  highest  integrity,  and  his  standing 
in  his  home  eomniauity  was  one  of  the  most  pleasing  order.  Long  a 
member  of  the  German  Evangelical  church  of  Prairie  du  Chien,  he 
reared  his  family  in  that  faith,  and  played  an  important  part  in  the 
activities  of  the  church  body  in  his  home  town.  By  his  marriage  Avith 
Sophia  Green  were  born  three  children,  two  of  whom  sui'vive, — 
Frank  H.,  of  this  review,  and  Mrs.  T.  P.  Cargille,  now  a  resident  of 
Tennessee.  The  mother  of  these  children  died  in  1881,  twenty  years 
prior  to  the  passing  of  her  husband. 

Frank  H.  Poehler  received  his  education  in  the  schools  of  his 
native  community,  and  when  he  had  finished  with  his  high  school 
course  he  entered  the  business  with  his  father,  and  thereafter  con- 
tinued to  be  so  identified.  He  learned  the  principles  of  business 
from  his  father,  who  was  a  most  efficient  instructor,  and  Avhen  the 
elder  gentleman  died  he  left  the  concern  in  the  hands  of  his  son, 
secure  in  the  knowledge  that  it  would  be  carried  on  successfully  and 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1571 

profitably  as  long  as  his  son  continued  to  be  identified  therewith.  The 
young  merchant  carried  on  the  business  until  1908,  when  he  sold 
out,  and  has  since  devoted  his  time  to  a  varied  collection  of  interests. 
He  has  always  been  found  interested  and  associated  with  the  leading 
enterprises  launched  in  the  city,  and  as  a  promoter  of  new  activities 
as  well,  he  has  figui-ed  prominently.  The  best  interests  of  Prairie  du 
Chien  have  always  been  close  to  his  heart,  and  he  has  spared  no  effort 
to  establish  and  make  solid  enterprises  that  seemed  to  promise  some- 
thing to  the  ultimate  growth  and  development  of  the  city.  He  was 
one  of  the  organizers  and  promoters  of  the  Prairie  du  Chien  Sani- 
tarium, an  institution  of  the  greatest  benefit  to  the  community,  and 
he  is  at  the  present  time  a  director  of  the  Crawford  County  Bank. 

Civic  and  political  matters  have  always  claimed  a  generous  share 
in  his  interests,  and  Mr.  Poehler  has  given  the  most  praiseworthy 
service  to  his  community  during  three  years'  service  as  an  alderman, 
and  is  now  in  the  midst  of  his  service  as  mayor  of  the  city,  to  which 
office  he  was  elected  by  a  pleasing  majority  on  April  2,  1912.  His 
administration  thus  far  has  been  marked  by  a  service  of  the  same 
order  that  is  characteristic  of  a  man  of  his  ideals  and  integrity,  and 
he  has  amply  justified  the  wisdom  of  the  people  in  calling  him  to 
such  an  office.  Mr.  Poehler  is  a  stanch  Republican,  and  has  given 
worthy  service  to  his  party  throughout  his  more  mature  years. 

His  fraternal  relations  are  represented  chiefly  by  his  membership 
in  the  Masonic  order,  in  which  he  is  affiliated  with  the  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
Blue  Lodge  and  Chapter. 

Mr.  Poehler  was  married  on  April  25,  1885,  in  Prairie  du  Chien, 
to  Miss  Louisa  Stuckey,  the  daughter  of  an  old  pioneer  family  of 
Crawford  county,  and  to  them  have  been  born  three  children, — Mabel, 
Nellie  and  Helen. 

Ramus  Orsted  Gottfredson.  In  the  death  of  Mr.  Gottfredson  in 
1901,  the  city  of  Kenosha  lost  a  successful  merckant,  a  valuable  and  use- 
ful citizen,  and  a  man  of  whose  success  in  life  was  not  only  large,  but 
was  earned  by  qualities  of  character  which  are  always  admirable. 

Ramus  Orsted  Gottfredson  was  born  January  17.  1828,  so  that  he 
was  seventy-three  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  death.  His  native  land 
was  Denmark,  and  his  parents  were  Gottfred  and  Maria  Gottfredson. 
Common  schools  in  Denmark  supplied  him  with  the  foundation  of  his 
literary  education,  and  at  the  age  of  fourteen  he  went  to  Haderslaben 
in  Schleswig-Holstein,  where  he  spent  six  years  as  an  apprentice  at  the 
watchmaker's  trade.  The  watchmaking  trade  gave  him  his  introduc- 
tion into  independent  business  and  it  was  as  a  jeweler  that  he  afterwards 
built  up  a  fortune  in  Wisconsin.  After  finishing  his  apprenticeship  he 
spent  six  months  working  at  his  trade  in  Copenhagen  and  then  was 
employed  by  a  maufacturer  of  ship  chronometers.     Finally  the  Revolu- 


1572  IITSTORY  OF  AYISCONSIN 

tiou  ill  the  German  states  and  provinces  broke  out  during  the  forties, 
and  he  found  employment  in  the  office  of  a  wholesale  jewelry  firm  at 
Hamburg  until  1850. 

It  was  in  that  year  that  Mr.  Gottfredson  left  the  old  country  and 
took  passage  on  board  the  barque  North  America,  which  after  twenty- 
eight  days  of  sailing  dropped  anchor  in  New  York  Harbor.  A  few 
months  after  his  arival  in  America  he  was  working  in  Albany,  New 
York,  at  nine  dollars  per  week  and  his  board.  On  April  12,  1850,  how- 
ever, he  arrived  in  Kenosha,  AVisconsin,  and  here  got  a  contract  with  W. 
0.  Bush,  who  Avas  to  furnish  him  his  board  and  wages  of  ten  dollars 
per  week  as  manager  of  a  stock  of  jewelry,  and  in  addition  was  to  get 
one-half  of  the  profits.  The  first  week  of  1851,  he  and  his  brother 
bought  out  the  stock  from  his  employer,  for  four  hundred  dollars.  In  a, 
short  time  he  had  acquired  ownership  of  the  entire  business,  and  had 
just  paid  off  all  his  obligations  to  his  brothers  and  others,  when  a  robber 
broke  into  the  store  one  night  and  stole  four  hundred  dollars  worth  of* 
goods  and  money.  That  was  a  severe  blow  at  the  time,  and  it  seemed 
likely  to  embarrass  him  for  some  time.  However,  Mr.  E.  W.  Pratt, 
the  man  who  had  supplied  his  stock  of  goods  on  hearing  of  his  misfor- 
tune sent  him  at  once  nine  hundred  dollars  worth  of  new  stock,  and  thus 
practically  launched  him  in  business  again.  Mr.  Gottfredson  after  this 
misfortune  had  a  very  successful  year,  and  his  total  business  for  twelve 
months  was  about  six  thousand  dollars.  Prosperity  now  seemed  to  smile 
upon  him,  and  for  over  thirty  years  he  continued  in  the  jewelry  business, 
and  from  a  beginning  in  a  small  rented  store  which  had  only  one  win- 
dow in  front  in  1888,  he  constructed  a  fine  two-story  brick  block  and  one 
of  the  best  establishments  in  the  retail  business  district  of  Kenosha. 

In  Kenosha  on  February  5,  1856,  Mr.  Gottfredson  married  Hen- 
rietta V.  Fry,  who  was  born  in  Canada.  The  two  children  of  their 
marriage  are  Esther  R.  and  Alice  B.  Their  mother  died  in  1861,  and 
in  the  following  year  Mr.  Gottfredson  married  Josephine  T.  Tubuse,  a 
native  of  Ohio.  In  1859*  they  erected  a  suitable  home  on  Park  avenue, 
where  Mrs.  Gottfredson  still  resides.  In  the  building  of  that  home  Mr. 
Gottfredson  made  a  deal  whereby  he  exchanged  watches  and  other  jew- 
elry for  the  material  and  work  of  construction. 

In  religious  affairs  he  belonged  to  the  Danish  Lutheran  church  and 
helped  build  a  home  for  that  society  and  also  aided  in  the  erection  of 
the  German  Lutheran  house  of  worship.  In  politics  he  was  a  Republi- 
can, and  was  affiliated  with  Kenosha  Lodge  No.  47  of  the  ]\Iasonic  Order, 
in  which  he  was  raised,  and  in  1852  joined  the  Odd  Fellows.  For  the 
long  period  of  fifty-five  years,  Mr.  Gottfredson  was  engaged  in  the  jew- 
elry- business  and  by  his  thorough  knowledge  of  every  detail,  his  excel- 
lent choice  of  investments,  and  careful  handling  of  stock,  built  up  a 
generous  fortune,  which  his  widow  has  employed  for  much  kindly 
charity  and  benevolence  in  her  home  city. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1573 

Hon.  p.  pi.  Smith.  While  serving  his  second  term  as  a  member  of 
the  Wisconsin  State  Senate,  and  after  a  long  career  in  business  affairs 
in  Sheboygan  county,  Patrick  Henry  Smith  died  on  January  22,  1884. 
The  life  of  Senator  Smith  had  many  points  of  interest.  He  was  a  pio- 
neer of  Wisconsin,  having  located  in  the  territory  a  few  months  before 
its  admission  to  the  Union.  A  young  man  at  the  time,  commanding  the 
resources  only  of  a  strong  character  and  industry  and  good  judgment, 
he  was  for  more  than  thirty  years  identified  with  mercantile  affairs  in 
his  home  city  of  Plymouth,  and  at  his  death  left  one  of  the  largest 
estates  ever  pi'obated  in  the  county.  While  prosecuting  his  business 
affairs  with  singular  ability,  he  was  never  neglectful  of  his  duties  to 
home  and  state.  His  death  occurred  at  a  comparatively  early  age,  and 
in  spite  of  a  semi-invalidism  which  clouded  his  last  years,  he  accom- 
plished much  that  made  his  career  memorable  in  the  annals  of  his  county 
and  state. 

Of  New  England  birth  and  lineage,  Patrick  Henry  Smith  was  born 
at  Koj^alton,  Vermont,  September  29,  1827.  He  was  the  youngest  of 
eight  children,  four  sons  and  four  daughters,  of  Colonel  Stafford  Smith, 
a  man  of  marked  prominence  in  his  home  state.  Senator  Smith  grew 
up  in  Vermont,  had  the  sturdy  discipline  of  a  New  England  environ- 
ment and  such  advantages  as  M^ere  supplied  by  the  common  school.  His 
early  inclination  pointed  toward  business,  and  he  had  some  apprentice- 
ship in  that  line  before  coming  west. 

Arriving  in  Wisconsin  in  1847,  he  spent  one  year  in  Sheboygan,  and 
moved  to  the  little  village  of  Plymouth  on  March  11,  1848.  His  brother, 
H.  N.  Smith,  later  of  Milwaukee,  was  a  merchant  in  Plymouth,  and  the 
younger  Smith  took  employment  in  that  store,  and  after  one  year  their 
relations  were  reorganized,  under  the  firm  name  of  P.  H.  Smith  & 
Company.  The  store  in  Avhich  Senator  Smith  had  his  first  business 
experience  at  Plymouth  was  the  second  frame  building  erected  in  the 
town.  In  1860,  Hon.  William  Elwell,  long  a  citizen  of  Sheboygan,  .suc- 
ceeded to  the  interests  of  H.  N.  Smith,  and  the  firm  became  Smith  & 
Elwell.  From  June,  1867,  until  March,  1868,  Mr.  Smith  was  alone 
in  business,  and  at  the  latter  date  H.  H.  Huson  became  associated  with 
him  under  the  firm  name  of  Smith  &  Huson.  In  April,  1873,  the  busi- 
ness was  merged  into  a  new  organization,  when  Mr.  G.  W.  Zerler  be- 
came a  partner,  the  new  firm  being  Smith,  Huson  &  Zerler.  Mr.  Smith 
was  a  natural  merchant,  a  shrewd  business  man,  and  when  ill  health 
compelled  him  to  retire  in  April,  1880,  he  had  acquired  a  generous  com- 
petency for  his  family. 

The  death  of  Senator  Smith  brought  forth  many  comments,  from 
individuals  and  from  the  press  of  the  state  upon  his  character  and 
career,  and  from  one  of  these  the  following  tribute  seems  appropriate : 
"Senator  Smith  was  a  pioneer  of  the  county,  and  one  of  its  leading 
spirits,  and  probably  did  as  much  for  its  advancement  as  any  other  citi- 


1574  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

zen.  He  has  always  been  a  geutleman  of  wide  influence,  by  reason  of 
his  mental  characteristics,  which  he  always  employed  for  the  benefit? 
of  his  fellow  citizens,  in  preference  to  his  own  advancement.  During 
his  residence  in  the  county  he  occupied  a  number  of  prominent  public 
positions,  and  could  have  held  many  more,  but  not  being  desirous  of 
political  distinctions  refused  to  accept  them."  This  comment  throws 
light  on  his  attitude  towards  public  affairs,  and  though  not  a  politician, 
he  had  a  worthy  record  of  public  service.  It  was  his  distinction  to  have 
served  as  the  first  town  clerk  of  Plymouth.  He  held  the  office  of  post- 
master in  that  city  from  1853  to  1857.  In  1860  lie  Avas  appointed  Dep- 
uty United  States  Marshal.  In  the  village  he  held  such  other  offices  as 
alderman  and  president  of  the  city  council.  His  entrance  into  the  larger 
sphere  of  state  politics  came  about  the  time  of  his  retirement  from  mer- 
chandising. He  was  a  Democrat  in  which  political  faith  he  had  been 
reared,  he  was  elected  in  1880  to  the  state  senate,  and  Avas  re-elected  in 
1882,  his  death  occurring  before  the  expiration  of  his  second  term. 

The  following  brief  quotation  will  indicate  some  of  the  more  per- 
sonal qualities  of  his  nature :  ' '  Shrewd  as  a  business  man,  and  capable  in 
all  the  affairs  of  life,  it  was  as  a  neighbor  and  friend  and  in  the  house- 
hold among  the  family  that  he  appeared  to  the  greatest  and  best  advan- 
tage. A  man  of  great  urbanity  and  a  most  genial  nature  overflowing 
with  irrepressible  mirth  and  wit,  he  died  true  to  the  life  he  had  lived, 
and  smiles  and  pleasantries  characterized  the  weary  weeks  and  months 
of  his  lingering  illness,  even  when  undergoing  the  torments  and  tor- 
ture of  pain,  and  so  great  was  his  sense  of  the  ridiculous  and  so  over- 
mastering and  exuberant  was  his  joyous  nature,  that  it  may  almost  be 
said  that  he  died  with  an  innocent  jest  upon  his  lips." 

In  October,  1861,  Patrick  H.  Smith  married  Miss  Clemana  Elwell, 
eldest  daughter  of  Judge  William  Elwell  of  Pennsylvania.  To  their 
happy  marriage  were  born  five  children,  three  of  whom  died  in  infancy. 
Those  surviving  both  their  father  and  mother  are  IMollie  and  Lucia,  of 
Plymouth. 

Mrs.  Clemana  Elwell  Smith  was  a  woman  of  many  notable  graces  and 
accomplishments,  all  expressing  the  fine  christian  nobility  and  perfec- 
tion of  character,  for  which  she  will  be  long  remembered  in  a  large  cir- 
cle of  friends.  She  was  born  at  Towanda,  Pennsylvania,  October  28, 
1838.  She  received  her  education  at  Bacchus  Hall,  at  Binghamton, 
New  York,  one  of  the  earliest  schools  for  girls  in  the  country.  Her 
especial  talent  for  music  was  developed  both  at  home  and  in  school,  and 
at  the  age  of  fifteen  she  became  organist  in  her  parish  church,  and  so 
continued  until  her  marriage  to  I\Ir.  Smith  in  1861.  At  Plymouth,  Wis- 
consin, she  became  organist  in  St.  Paul's  Episcopal  church,  and  her  work 
in  behalf  of  this  church  not  only  in  her  home  parish  but  in  the  state 
was  marked  not  only  by  individual  consecration,  but  by  the  extension  of 
many  generous  contributions  to  its  wider  beneficence.    At  her  husband's 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1575 

death  she  gave  as  a  memorial  to  the  church  a  beautiful  pipe  organ,  aud 
continued  as  organist  for  a  number  of  years,  until  her  place  was  taken 
by  her  daughter,  Miss  Mollie.  The  families  of  P.  H.  Smith  and  H.  N. 
Smith  were  the  nucleus  of  the  first  Episcopal  organization  in  Plymouth, 
and  the  first  Sunday  School  of  that  denomination  was  organized  in  the 
home  of  H.  N.  Smith.  For  half  a  century,  ]\Irs.  P.  H.  Smith  kept  her 
home  open  to  the  many  activities  of  the  church,  and  it  was  also  a  center 
for  the  finest  social  life  of  the  community.  The  Smith  families  were 
likewise  the  organizers  in  1869  of  the  Hub  Club,  which  laid  the  founda- 
tion for  the  splendid  public  library  now  established  in  Plymouth.  Mrs. 
Smith  both  before  and  after  her  husband's  death  kept  up  a  wide  range 
of  cultural  interests,  traveled  much  abroad  and  her  devotion  to  the  finer 
and  higher  things  of  life  was  unceasing  to  the  end.  Her  death  occurred 
on  November  12,  1912.  She  was  one  of  the  charter  members  of  the 
Plymouth  Chapter  of  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  and 
her  family  stock  is  one  of  the  oldest  in  America. 

Hon.  William  Elwell.  Though  his  career  as  a  lawyer  and  a  dis- 
tinguished jurist  was  entirely  identified  with  the  state  of  Pennsylvania, 
a  brief  sketch  is  appropriate  here  because  his  daughter.  I\Irs.  P.  H. 
Smith,  was  for  half  a  century  a  resident  of  Plymouth,  and  a  son  was  at 
one  time  one  of  Plymouth  "s  business  men.  and  he  left  other  descendants 
in  this  state. 

William  Elwell  was  born  October  9,  1808,  and  when  more  than 
eighty-seven  years  of  age  passed  away  on  October  15,  1895.  For  a  quar- 
ter of  a  century,  he  was  presiding  judge  of  the  Twenty-sixth  Judicial 
District  of  Pennsylvania,  with  residence  at  Bloomsburg  in  Columbia 
county.  He  was  for  more  than  half  a  century  a  conspicuous-  man  in 
the  commonwealth  of  Pennsylvania,  and  in  the  line  of  his  profession  was 
a  peer  of  any  of  his  contemporaries.  He  was  in  active  practice  for 
almost  thicty  years  before  he  came  to  the  bench,  and  in  that  time  had 
served  as  a  member  of  the  legislature.  Judge  Elwell  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  Pennsylvania  in  1833.  At  his  death  more  than  sixty  years  later, 
many  tributes  were  paid  by  his  old  associates  to  the  distinguished  char- 
acter and  services  of  Judge  Elwell,  and  from  a  reading  of  these  expres- 
sions, it  is  evident  that  no  ordinary  man  could  have  called  forth  such 
sincere  eulogy  and  admiration.  As  was  expressed  by  the  president  of 
the  bar  association,  ' '  The  study  of  his  character  and  the  example  of  his 
life  as  a  judge,  as  a  lawyer,  as  a  citizen,  as  a  man  and  as  a  Christian 
will  be  and  should  be  the  incentive  to  the  constantly  higher  and  higher 
endeavor  to  reach  the  exalted  plane  on  which  he  stood  grandly,  and 
steadily."  A  large  proportion  of  the  members  of  the  Columbia  county 
bar  at  the  time  of  his  death  had  been  admitted  before  Judge  Elwell. 
Concerning  his  work  as  a  judge,  one  tribute  was  as  follows :  ' '  The  rule  of 
conduct  of  Judge  Elwell,  as  a  minister  of  justice  upon  the  judgment 


1576  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

seat  for  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century  was  righteousness,  the  subject 
matter  of  the  profession  of  the  law — nay,  more,  its  principal  lesson,  and 
which  every  member  of  the  profession  should  prize  above  honor,  suc- 
cess or  wealth,  as  the  rule  to  guide  him  in  the  discharge  of  his  duty.  It 
is,  therefore,  eminently  proper  that  the  profession  as  a  body  should  by 
appropriate  consideration  and  resolution,  perpetuate  the  character  of 
Judge  Elwell  as  a  minister  of  justice ;  not  that  it  will  add  to  his  fame, 
but  because  it  will  be  so  long  as  time  shall  last,  a  teacher  to  the  profes- 
sion of  what  constitutes  righteousness,  and  more  than  that,  a  teacher  that 
yonder  judgment-seat  continue  as  Judge  Elwell  left  it,  an  emblem  of 
that  higher  judgment-seat  of  which  perfect  righteousness  is  the  habita- 
tion. ' ' 

Judge  "William  Elwell  married  Miss  Clemana  Shaw.  Mrs.  P.  H. 
Smith  of  Plymouth  was  his  eldest  daughter.  Other  children  were :  Mrs. 
N.  U.  Funk  of  Bloomsburg,  Pennsylvania;  E.  AY.  Elwell,  of  Towanda; 
George  E.  Elwell;  Charles  P.  Elwell  of  Bloomsburg.  It  may  be  appro- 
priately added  in  conclusion  that  during  Judge  Elwell's  twenty-six 
years  of  distinguished  service  he  never  had  a  decision  reversed. 

Thomas  Henry  Smith.  It  would  be  a  difficult  matter  to  follow  the 
career  of  Thomas  Henry  Smith  through  all  his  varied  and  extensive 
activities,  in  Wisconsin  during  the  fifty  years  of  his  residence.  He  came 
to  the  state  as  a  machinist,  by  one  of  those  peculiar  circumstances  which 
throw  men  into  close  association,  he  became  a  partner  of  the  late  John 
Leathern,  and  the  firm  title  of  Leathern  &  Smith  has  ever  since  been 
one  of  the  authoritative  and  substantial  names  in  Wisconsin  commercial 
affairs.  For  many  years  their  joint  activities  were  chiefly  in  lumbering 
and  logging.  Mr.  Smith  at  the  present  time  is  secretary  and  treasurer 
of  the  Leathern  &  Smith  Towing  &  Wrecking  Company,  and  president  of 
the  Leathem  &  Smith  Lumber  Company.  His  residence  has  been  at 
Sturgeon  Bay  since  1875. 

Thomas  Henry  Smith  is  of  New  England  birth  and  ancestry,  born 
at  Stowe,  ]\Iassachusetts,  June  21,  1842.  His  parents  were  John  and  Mary 
B.  (Whitney)  Smith,  the  former  a  native  of  Utica,  New  York,  and  of 
English  parentage.  John  Smith  was  a  wool-dyer  by  trade,  and  his  father 
before  him  had  followed  the  same  vocation.  John  Smith  had  stock  in  the 
establishment  where  he  was  emploj^ed,  and  during  his  business  career 
acquired  various  interests,  but  died  a  comparatively  young  man,  after 
moving  his  family  to  Norwich,  Connecticut.  The  mother  was  born  at 
Stowe,  Massachusetts,  and  the  Whitney  family  goes  back  in  Massachu- 
setts history  to  the  year  1635.  and  many  prominent  men  bore  that  name 
in  the  early  colonial  era,  and  in  the  later  epoch  of  statehood.  John 
and  Mary  B.  (Whitney)  Smith  were  the  parents  of  the  following  chil- 
dren :  Thomas  Henry ;  Marietta,  wife  of  George  B.  Merrick  of  Madison, 
Wisconsin;  and  Caroline,  who  died  when  quite  young. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1577 

When  Thomas  H.  Smith  was  about  a  year  old,  the  family  moved  to 
Norwich,  Connecticut.  That  was  the  city  in  which  his  youth  was  spent, 
and  his  early  training  in  schools  and  in  practical  vocational  preparation 
received.  The  death  of  his  mother  when  he  was  fourteen  years  of  age 
left  him  an  orphan.  Thus  he  was  thrown  largely  on  his  own  resources 
and  with  considerable  prior  inclination  entered  work  at  the  machinists' 
trade,  which  he  followed  closely  until  the  In-eaking  out  of  the  war.  That 
found  him  still  in  his  minority,  but  at  the  first  call  of  Lincoln  for  sev- 
enty-five thousand  volunteers  in  1861^  he  responded  and  enlisted  in 
Company  C  of  the  Second  Connecticut  Volunteer  Infantry,  under  Cap- 
tain Henry  Peele.  That  was  a  three-mouths'  regiment,  and  as  among 
the  first  volunteers  each  recruit  received  a  medal.  Mr.  Smith  fought 
in  the  first  battle  of  Bull  Run.  With  the  expiration  of  his  term  of 
enlistment,  he  returned  to  Connecticut,  and  applied  himself  energet- 
ically to  his  trade.  About  that  time  he  was  awarded  a  contract  for 
the  making  of  ninetj^  thousand  pairs  of  ice  skates,  that  being  practically 
his  first  independent  business  venture. 

Mr.  Smith  was  introduced  to  Wisconsin  through  his  uncle,  John 
Whitney,  who  was  at  one  time  proprietor  of  a  machine  shop  at  Green 
Bay  in  this  state.  He  induced  his  nephew  to  come  out  and  take  employ- 
ment with  him  in  1864.  It  was  during  his  work  in  this  shop  that  John 
Leathem,  who  was  then  conducting  a  mill  at  New  Franklin,  ten  miles 
from  Green  Bay,  made  a  visit  to  the  shop  to  get  some  shingle  saws  set 
on  collars.  Mr.  Leathem  was  a  practical  lumberman,  knew  every  detail 
of  the  outside  phases  of  the  industry,  was  very  capable  in  the  handling 
and  leading  of  men,  but  was  handicapped  in  his  progress  by  lack  of 
means  with  which  to  finance  his  undertaking.  While  at  the  AVhitney 
shops,  he  explained  to  its  proprietor  his  desire  to  find  a  partner  with 
some  money.  Whitney  then  pointed  out  his  nephew  as  being  just  the 
man  for  his  purpose.  Leathem  explained  his  proposition  to  Mr.  Smith, 
who  at  once  became  interested,  and  promised  to  investigate  the  situa- 
tion. A  little  later  Mr.  Smith  decided  to  look  over  the  Leathem  plant, 
and  when  about  half  way  met  Mr.  Leathem  and  his  men  returning  to 
the  city  of  Green  Bay.  The  workmen  had  become  tired  of  promises 
instead  of  actual  money,  and  refused  to  remain  longer  in  the  work.  ]\Ir. 
Smith  has  always  been  a  man  of  quick  action,  and  it  was  characteristic 
of  him  that  he  went  back  to  the  mill  and  wrote  out  for  each  of  the 
men  a  check  for  his  pay,  and  thus  having  satisfied  the  discontented 
ones  the  force  returned  and  took  up  their  work  with  new  vigor.  That 
was  the  beginning  of  the  partnership  and  life  long  friendship  of  Leathem 
&  Smith.  Mr.  Leathem,  as  an  experienced  lumberman,  looked  after  all 
the  outside  work,  while  Mr.  Smith  took  charge  of  the  business  end.  They 
conducted  the  mill  at  New  Franklin  until  1867,  and  it  is  worth  while 
to  recall  that  shingles  in  those  days  sold  for  six  dollars  a  thousand.  In 
1867,  their  enterprise  was  moved  to  Red  river,  on  the  shore  of  Green 


1578  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Bay.  Tlie  late  Charles  Scofield,  al)Out  that  time  took  a  leading  financial 
interest  in  the  concern,  and  the  business  was  conducted  for  some  years 
under  the  title  of  Scofield  &  Company.  In  1875,  Leathem  &  Smith 
moved  to  Sturgeon  Bay,  building  a  mill  there  while  Mr.  Scofield  re- 
mained to  conduct  the  milling  preparations  at  Red  River.  In  1881  Mr. 
Scofield  withdrew  from  the  firm,  and  Leathem  &  Smith  then  continued 
together  in  various  lines  for  several  years.  The  death  of  John  Leathem, 
whose  name  ranks  high  among  early  Wisconsin  lumbermen,  occurred 
in  1905,  in  San  Diego,  California,  where  he  had  spent  the  last  ten. years 
of  his  life  in  poor  health. 

Before  the  days  of  manufacture  of  artificial  ice  on  an  extensive 
scale,  the  Hammond  Packing  Company  of  Hammond,  Indiana,  had  built 
several  large  ice  houses  at  Sturgeon  Bay.  The  firm  of  Leathem  &  Smith 
took  a  large  contract  from  this  company  to  transport  its  ice  in  a  fleet  of 
boats,  and  after  the  icehouses  were  abandoned,  the  boats  were  employed 
for  carrying  stone.  In  the  early  days  the  only  way  to  get  across  the  bay 
from  Sawyer  to  Sturgeon  Bay  was  by  ferry.  Mr.  Smith  often  was 
obliged  to  remain  in  Sawyer  all  night,  separated  from  his  family,  on 
account  of  the  gorge  of  ice.  To  obviate  this  too  frequent  condition,  he 
conceived  the  idea  of  building  a  bridge,  and  in  1886  obtained  from  the 
county  board  a  twenty-five  year  charter,  and  with  John  Leathem  and 
R.  B.  Kellogg  under  the  name  of  Sturgeon  Bay  Bridge  Company,  con- 
structed a  bridge  at  a  cost  of  thirty  thousand  dollars.  That  was  when 
first  built  only  a  wagon  bridge,  and  later  when  the  railroad  began  oper- 
ating across  the  bay  the  railway  company  put  in  a  draw  costing  ten 
thousancj  dollars,  and  from  that  time  forward  the  railroad  company 
paid  half  the  expense  of  maintenance,  and  one  hundred  and  fifty  dollars 
a  year  to  the  Sturgeon  Bay  Bridge  Company.  The  company's  charter 
expired  November  2,  1911,  and  at  that  date  the  city  of  Sturgeon  Bay 
took  over  the  bridge.    This  was  and  still  is  operated  as  a  toll  bridge. 

The  firm  of  Leathem  &  Smith  has  done  no  sawing  at  Sturgeon  Bay 
since  1892.  They  formerly  owned  twenty-four  thousand  acres  of  fine 
timberland  in  Louisiana,  but  that  has  since  been  sold  to  the  Day  Broth- 
ers Lumber  Company.  Leathem  &  Smith  at  one  time  owned  large  and 
valuable  tracts  of  Michigan  timber.  After  the  abandonment  of  the 
Sturgeon  Bay  sawmills,  Mr.  Smith  and  John  Hunsader,  who  had  long 
been  with  him  as  a  valuable  employe,  opened  a  machine  shop  in  Stur- 
geon Bay.  .Mr.  Hunsader  having  practical  charge  of  its  operation.  This 
business  is  still  a  flourishing  concern  and  supplies  facilities  for  general 
repairing. 

The  Leathem  &  Smith  Towing  &  Wrecking  Company,  was  incorpo- 
rated in  1892.  with  a  capital  stock  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  The 
president  is  Leathem  D.  Smith,  a  son  of  Thomas  H.  Smith,  while  the 
latter  is  secretary  and  treasurer.  The  Leathem  &  Smith  Company's 
boats,  tugs,  and  other  apparatus  and  appliances  for  the  business,  are  to 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1579 

be  found  all  over  the  great  lakes.  The  Leathern  &  Smith  Lumber  Com- 
pany was  incorporated  in  1894  with  a  capital  of  one  hundred  and  sev- 
enty thousand  dollars,  and  of  this  Leathem  D.  Smith  is  president  and 
Thomas  H.  secretary  and  treasurer.  Another  important  line  along 
which  Mr.  Smith's  business  energies  have  been  directed  with  much  ad- 
vantage has  been  the  development  of  Sturgeon  Bay  stone  quarries.  Mr. 
Smith  was  the  first  to  recognize,  at  least  in  a  practical  sense,  the  possi- 
bilities of  these  quarries,  and  with  his  son  Leathem  he  has  since  de- 
voted much  of  his  time  to  the  business  of  quarrying  stone.  Their 
quarries  are  supplied  with  all  the  modern  machinery  and  methods  for 
blasting  and  getting  out  stone  for  all  commercial  purposes.  This  is  the 
only  firm  in  Sturgeon  Bay  engaged  in  the  crushed  stone  business,  and 
during  the  past  year  it  has  become  necessary  to  more  than  double  the 
capacity  of  the  plant.  Leathem  D.  Smith  has  active  charge  of  this 
industry. 

In  December.  1871,  Thomas  H.  Smith  married  Anna  Dailey.  The 
children  of  their  marriage  are  as  follows:  Maude,  now  I\Irs.  Fred 
"Walters,  of  Shelby,  Ohio,  and  their  children  are  Thomas  Smith,  Mary 
Collier  and  Winifred  E. ;  Sidney  T.  is  interested  with  his  father  in  the 
ownership  of  eight  sections  of  land  in  Fresno  county.  California,  where 
they  raise  vast  quantities  of  alfalfa ;  Winfred  is  the  wife  of  J.  G.  Os- 
borne of  Milwaukee,  and  they  have  five  children ;  ^Marietta  is  Mrs.  Carl 
Dreitzer,  of  Milwaukee ;  Leathem  is  the  present  head  of  the  Leathem  & 
Smith  business  interests,  and  has  proved  himself  a  worthy  successor 
of  his  father,  from  Avhom  he  has  gradually  taken  the  weighty  responsi- 
liilities  of  business  affairs ;  the  youngest  child  is  Miss  Theresa.  Both 
Mr.  Smith's  sons  are  graduates  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  and 
the  daughters  are  likewise  educated.  Mrs.  Smith  and  her  daughters 
are  all  prominent  socially.  Their  Sturgeon  Bay  home  is  a  fine  resi- 
dence on  Cedar  Street.  Mr.  Smith  has  had  a  long  and  busy  career, 
has  had  too  many  practical  responsibilities  to  consent  to  run  for  office, 
and  has  performed  his  share  of  community  life  by  originating  and  car- 
rying to  a  successful  conclusion,  various  large  undertakings  that  con- 
stitute important  assets  in  the  state's  commercial  prosperity. 

Urias  J.  Fry.  The  late  Urias  J.  Fry,  for  years  superintendent  of  the 
telegraph  system  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad, 
closed  a  long  and  a  successful  career  in  the  railroad  business  after 
a  short  illness  from  pneumonia,  his  death  occurring  on  February  22, 
1913,  at  his  home  on  Newhall  street,  Milwaukee.  He  had  been  a 
resident  of  this  city  for  thirty  years,  and  was  well  and  favorably 
knoAvn  in  railroad  circles,  as  well  as  in  social  and  fraternal  centers. 
His  connection  Avith  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  in  Milwaukee 
began  in  1884,  when  he  came  here  as  an  operator  for  the  road.  Soon 
thereafter  he  became  chief  operator,  a  position  he  continued  to  occupy 


1580  HISTOKV   OF   WISCONSIN 

until  1888,  when  lie  was  promoted  to  the  office  of  telegraph  superin- 
tendent, which  position  he  was  the  incumbent  of  when  death  claimed 
him. 

■  Urias  J.  Pry  was  born  in  Uriehsville,  Ohio,  on  April  28,  18-i8, 
and  was  the  son  of  Daniel  and  Mary  Ann  (Bingham)  Fry.  Both 
parents  were  of  Pennsylvania  Dutch  stock  and  natives  of  Ohio.  The 
mother  died  a  few  years  after  Urias  was  born,  and  in  1849  the  father 
moved  to  Indiana,  where  he  remained  until  1895.  In  that  year  he 
came  to  Milwaukee,  here  spending  the  latter  part  of  his  life,  and  he 
died  here  in  1905.  His  father  was  a  gunsmith  by  trade,  and  an 
especially  enterprising  man,  and  at  diiferent  periods  of  his  career 
conducted  a  cooi^erage  factory,  a  match  factory,  a  blacksmith  shoj^, 
and  also  owned  a  farm  at  one  time.  In  1854  he  married,  as  his  second 
wife,  Mrs.  Delia  Rumsey,  who  died  in  1893,  leaving  two  children, 
Alta  L.  and  Ellsworth  J.  Fry. 

Urias  J.  Fry,  the  subject  of  this  biographical  review,  was  thirteen 
months  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  mother's  death.  He  was  placed  in 
the  care  of  his  grandmother  at  Valparaiso,  Indiana,  whei'e  he  lived 
until  he  was  of  school  age,  when  he  returned  to  his  father's  home  at 
Lowell,  Indiana.  There  he  attended  the  common  schools,  and  in 
March,  1874,  he  began  his  career  as  a  telegraph  operator,  his  first 
assignment  to  duty  being  at  Washington  Heights,  Illinois.  With  skill 
as  an  operator  he  combined  an  efficiency  of  service  that  put  him  in 
the  way  of  steady  promotion.  He  was  with  the  Pan  Handle  Kail- 
road  at  first  and  was  promoted  from  Washington  Heights  to  Dalton, 
Illinois,  and  then  to  the  C.  B.  &  Q.  railroad  as  operator  at  Aurora, 
Illinois.  In  1884  he  entered  the  service  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee 
&  St.  Paul  Railroad  at  Milwaukee  as  an  operator,  being  advanced 
from  that  position  in  September  of  the  same  year  to  that  of  chief 
operator.  Four  years  later,  on  October  1,  1888,  he  was  made  super- 
intendent of  telegraph  over  the  entire  system  of  the  company,  a 
position  which  he  filled  in  the  most  capable  and  efficient  manner,  and 
in  which  he  was  serving  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

One  of  the  best  known  telegraphers  in  the  country,  he  made  many 
improvements  in  the  application  of  the  relay  idea  in  railroad  work, 
and  was  known  to  be  an  expert  in  telegraphy  and  telephony.  Hi^ 
served  as  president  of  the  Superintendents  of  Telegraphers  Associa- 
tion, and  also  as  president  of  the  Old  Time  Telegraiihers  Society,  and 
was  always  prominent  in  both  societies.  He  was  active  in  fraternal 
societies,  and  was  a  member  of  Colfax  lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  at  Lowell, 
Indiana,  and  Ivanhoe  Commandery,  No.  24,  Knights  Templar,  of  ]\Iil- 
waukee ;  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  and  Wisconsin  Council,  No.  197,  of 
the  National  Union  of  Mutual  Insurance.  He  Avas  a  member  of  the 
Presbyterian  church,  as  was  also  his  widow,  who  died  June  3,  1918. 
His  two  sons  survive  him. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1581 

Mr.  Fry  was  married  on  November  9,  1869,  to  Miss  Emile  L.  Chap- 
man, who  was  born  in  Madison  county,  New  York,  and  came  to  Indi- 
ana with  her  parents  when  a  child,  they  being  among  the  earliest 
settlers  in  the  northwest  part  of  that  state.  The  two  sons  are  Rupert 
F.,  who  is  given  distinct  mention  in  this  work  as  president  of  The 
Old  Line  Insurance  Company  of  America  of  Milwaukee,  and  Justus 
W.  Fry.  The  latter  was  born  in  Chicago,  Illinois,  and  educated  in 
Milwaukee.  He  has  followed  the  vocation  of  his  father  in  railroad 
telegraphy  and  is  chief  lineman  of  the  ^lilwaukee  road  at  Seattle, 
Washington,  on  the  Puget  Sound  Branch. 

Rupert  F.  Fry,  founder  and  president  of  The  Old  Line  Life  Insur- 
ance Company  of  America,  is  one  of  the  best  known  insurance  men 
of  the  middle  west  and  has  been  actively  identified  with  the  business, 
from  solicitor  to  company  executive  throughout  most  of  his  entire 
career.  Mr.  Fry  was  born  in  Lake  county,  Indiana,  June  10,  1871, 
but  has  been  a  resident  of  Milwaukee  for  the  past  twenty-five  years. 
He  is  a  son  of  Urias  J.  and  Emile  L.  (Chapman)  Fry  of  this  city, 
who  have  separate  mention  on  other  pages  of  this  Avork. 

Rupert  F.  Fry  completed  his  education  in  the  Milwaukee  schools, 
after  which  he  followed  in  the  footsteps  of  his  father  by  acquiring 
the  art  of  telegraphy  and  practicing  it  as  an  operator  for  several 
years  at  various  points  through  AVisconsin,  Minnesota,  Illinois  and 
other  states.  His  inclinations  soon  led  him  into  another  sphere,  and 
in  1895  he  took  up  life  insurance,  in  that  field  finding  the  opportuni- 
ties for  conspicuous  achievement.  During  his  career  in  insurance  he 
has  represented  some  of  the  world's  best  companies,  and  it  was  his 
study  of  insurance  as  a  business  science,  together  with  his  thorough 
practical  experience,  that  enabled  him  in  1910  to  complete  the  organ- 
ization and  launch  under  such  favorable  auspices  The  Old  Line  Life 
Insurance  Company  of  America,  and  the  success  of  that  company  is 
due  to  Mr.  Fry's  executive  management. 

Mr.  Fry  is  interested  in  several  manufacturing  and  business  enter- 
prises of  Milwaukee,  and  is  prominent  in  the  social  and  civic  life  of 
the  city.  His  chief  recreation  is  fishing.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the 
Milwaukee  Automobile  Club,  the  Illinois  Athletic  Club  of  Chicago, 
and  the  Milwaukee  Athletic  Club.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Knights 
of  Pythias  in  Chicago.  Mr.  Fry  is  a  veteran  of  the  Spanish-American 
war,  having  served  with  the  troops  in  Porto  Rico  and  in  the  signal 
corps  of  the  American  army.  -In  Masonry  he  has  taken  the  degrees 
including  the  thirty-second  and  is  affiliated  with  Ashlar  Lodge  No. 
308,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  at  Chicago;  Wisconsin  Chapter  No.  7,  R.  A.  M., 
Milwaukee ;  Ivanhoe  Commandery  No.  24,  K.  T.,  Milwaukee ;  Wis- 
consin Council  No.  4,  R.  &  S.  M.,  Milwaukee ;  Oriental  Consistor.y  of 
Chicago  and  the  Medinah  Temple  of  the  Mystic  Shrine  of  Chicago. 


1582  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Mr.  Fry  was  married  in  Milwaukee,  to  Miss  Clara  Marie  Thomp- 
son, who  was  born  at  Winchester,  Adams  county,  Ohio,  a  daughter 
of  Nathan  Thompson.  Her  mother  died  in  Winchester,  where  her 
father,  who  was  for  some  years  a  resident  of  Milwaukee,  now  lives. 
The  latter  was  a  lieutenant  in  an  Ohio  infantry  regiment  during  the 
Civil  war.  ]Mrs.  Fry  received  her  education  in  Milwaukee.  She  is  a 
member  of  the  Baptist  church,  and  the  residence  is  at  262  Thirty- 
fourth  street. 

The  Old  Line  Life  Insurance  Company  of  America,  Milwaukee, 
Wis.  In  considering  the  subject  of  life  insurance,  few  people,  if  indeed 
any,  pause  to  reflect  upon  the  origin  and  source  of  the  present  complex 
system  of  insurance  that  has  become  a  vital  part  of  the  present  day 
social  and  business  system.  It  is  therefore  of  interest  in  this  connection 
to  refer  to  the  article  which  Rupert  F.  Fry,  president  of  the  company 
whose  name  heads  this  review,  prepared  for  a  leading  issurance  pub- 
lication, and  from  which  a  portion  is  here  quoted  verbatim:  "It  dates 
back  many  years  to  the  time  when  John  Doe  suggested  to  his  neighbor, 
Frank  Webster,  that  it  would  be  a  good  plan  for  them  to  make  an  ar- 
rangement to  protect  their  respective  families  against  the  total  loss  of 
their  money  making  ability.  An  arrangement  was  therefore  made,  so 
the  story  goes,  whereby  in  the  event  of  Doe 's  premature  death,  Webster 
agreed  to  provide  for  Doe's  family,  and  vice  versa.  A  little  later  a 
neighbor  heard  of  this  arrangement  and  asked  to  be  permitted  to  join. 
Finally'  one  of  the  contracting  parties  died,  and  his  family  was  not  de- 
pendent. Then  others  sought  admission,  and  finally  nearly  all  the  fam- 
ilies in  the  commujiity  were  provided  for  under  this  crude  plan.  About 
this  time  it  was  found  necessary  to  employ  a  secretary,  manager,  etc.,  to 
look  after  the  affairs  of  this  so-called  association  and  Avhat  later  de- 
veloped into  a  gigantic  business." 

"This,"  says  Mr.  Fry,  "is  one  of  the  old  and  simple  explanations 
of  the  origin  of  life  insurance.  To  go  back  a  little  farther,  the  neigh- 
bor who  originally  devised  and  suggested  the  plan,  probably  got  his 
idea  from  the  old  bible  story, — the  dream  which  Joseph  interpreted 
for  the  Pharaoh  as  a  prophecy  of  seven  years  of  plenty  and  seven  years 
of  famine."  In  this  article  Mr.  Fry  very  ably  sets' forth  many  other 
facts  relating  to  the  subject  of  life  insurance  in  the  present  day  and 
age,  from  which  further  mention  may  be  made,  but  the  full  context 
may  not  be  incorporated  here  owing  to  lack  of  space. 

The  growing  appreciation  of  old  lin^  life  insurance  on  the  part  of 
the  public  is  an  established  fact,  and  one  that  renders  comparatively 
easy  the  business  of  the  solicitor  of  new  insurance.  It  is  true  that 
a  remarkable  change  has  come  about  in  this  phase  of  the  work  in  the 
last  half  century.  The  lack  of  knowledge  on  the  part  of  the  public 
concerning  this  great  subject,  combined  with  their  skepticism,  made  it 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1583 

a  trying  thing  to  convince  a  man  of  the  advisability  of  insuring  his 
life.  Todaj'  it  would  be  almost  iuipossible, — certainly  difficult, — to 
find  a  man  of  average  intelligence  who  could  consistently  express  a 
doubt  as  to  the  financial  stability  of  any  well  managed  company  tliat 
might  be  mentioned.  Today  it  is  not  a  question  of  convincing  a  man 
that  the  obligation  will  be  met  upon  his  death,  or  at  whatever  time 
his  policy  may  stipulate,  but  rather  is  it  a  matter  of  convincing  him 
of  the  dangers  of  delay,  and  that  now  is  the  time  for  him  to  take 
action.  So  much  for  the  evolution  of  the  popular  idea  upon  this  great 
subject. 

The  Old  Line  Life  Insurance  Company  of  America  of  Milwaukee 
is  founded  and  chartered  according  to  the  most  modern  provisions  of 
Wisconsin  laws.  Its  char.ter  was  granted  and  its  organization  etfected 
in  1910.  In  capital  and  surplus  it  was  one  of  the  largest  companies 
in  the  United  States  at  the  very  inception  of  its  career.  It  is  the  larg- 
est life,  accident  and  health  insurance  company  organized  under  Wis- 
consin's laws,  and  the  largest  stock  life  insiirance  company  organized 
under  the  laws  of  this  state.  With  assets  of  more  than  a  million 
dollars,  it  has  been  steadily  climbing  to  a  front  rank  among  America's 
leading  insurance  companies. 

The  Old  Line  Life  Insurance  Company  of  America,  Milwaukee. 
Wisconsin,  is  a  strictly  proprietary  company,  and  its  stock  form  of 
organization  furnishes  a  guarantee  of  conservative  and  economical 
management.  Though  the  companj^  has  never  offered  anything  but 
strictly  business  forms  of  insurance  contract  and  has  retained  all  the 
best  features  of  the  oldest  conservative  companies,  it  has,  neverthe- 
less, evolved  policy  forms  more  liberal  in  benefits  to  the  holders  than 
any  other  single  old-line  company.  The  Old  Line  Life  Insurance  Com- 
pany of  America  has  always  carefully  distinguished  what  is  feasible 
from  the  Utopian  in  insurance,  and  its  literature  and  policies  deal  only 
with  guarantees,  but  at  the  same  time  its  officers  have  been  able  to 
perfect  many  special  features  which  appeal  strongly  to  the  average 
person  seeking  insurance.  A  detailed  explanation  of  these  features 
in  non-technical  language  cannot  be  attempted  here,  but  in  a  general 
way  it  may  be  stated  that  they  are  designed,  in  so  far  as  good  business 
will  justify,  to  eliminate  many  of  the  strict  literal  provisions  of  insur- 
ance contracts,  so  that  the  policy  holder  of  good  intentions,  but  the 
victim  of  misfortune,  shall  not  suffer  from  the  strict  construction  of 
his  contract.  There  is  a  total  disability  benefit,  through  Avhicii  the 
company  keeps  up  the  premiums  during  the  period  of  disability ;  also 
there  are  provisions  for  liberal  days  of  grace  for  the  payment  of  the 
premiums;  liberal  cash  surrender  values;  incontestibilit.y  after  jiolicy 
is  in  force  one  year;  reinstatement  of  policy  after  its  lapse;  absence 
of  familiar  restrictions  upon  occupation,  residence  or  travel,  including 


1584  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

military  service,  besides  various  other  features  that  appeal  to  all 
classes  of  people  seeking  insurance. 

The  officers  and  directors  of  The  Old  Line  Life  Insurance  Company 
of  America  comprise  many  oi  the  best  known  business  men  of  Milwau- 
kee and  the  state,  and  the  entire  organization  speaks  for  stability  and 
integrity. 

The  present  officers  of  the  company  are  as  follows :  Rupert  F.  Fry, 
president,  concerning  whom  detailed  mention  is  made  in  a  sketch  de- 
voted to  his  life  and  work,  to  be  found  on  other  pages  of  this  publica- 
tion ;  William  A.  Starke,  vice-president ;  F.  X.  Bodden,  second  vice- 
president;  John  E.  Reilly,  secretary  and  treasurer;  F.  J.  Tharinger, 
assistant  secretary;  F.  B.  Golley,  M.  D.,  medical  director;  and  Law- 
rence A.  Olwell,  general  counsel.  The  members  of  its  board  of  direct- 
ors are :  M.  L.  Bunnell,  county  judge  of  Mauston,  Wisconsin ;  Frank 
J.  Kipp,  vice-president  of  the  W^adhams  Oil  Company  of  Milwaukee; 
A.  J.  Mayer,  treasurer  of  the  Mayer  Boot  &  Shoe  Company,  IMilwau- 
kee;  F.  X.  Bodden,  assistant  cashier  Marshall  &  Ilsley  Bank,  ]Milwau- 
kee ;  M.  H.  Raymond,  banker  of  Rhinelander,  Wisconsin ;  Thomas  H. 
Rice,  secretary  and  treasurer.  Bay  View  Steel  Casting  Company.  ]\Iil- 
waukee ;  William  A.  Starke,  president  Lake  Michigan  Dredge  &  Dock 
Company,  Milwaukee;  Rupert  F.  Fry,  of  Milwaukee;  W.  C.  Stone, 
banker  of  Watertown,  Wisconsin ;  Frank  J.  Lauerman,  president 
Lauerman  Brothers,  Marinette,  Wisconsin;  Patrick  Noud,  president 
State  Lumber  Company,  Manistee,  Michigan ;  A.  F.  JManegold,  vice- 
president  Wauwatosa  Stone  Company,  of  Milwaukee ;  J.  L.  l>ostwick 
of  J.  L.  Bostwick  &  Sons  Department  Store,  Janesville,  AVisconsin; 
Adam  Gettelman,  president  of  the  Gettelman  Brewing  Company,  and 
president  West  Side  Bank  of  Milwaukee ;  and  Thomas  J.  Pringle,  sec- 
retary and  manager  Milwaukee  Casket  Company. 

With  such  an  official  personnel  as  the  above,  it  is  needless  to  say 
that  further  comment  upon  the  management  of  The  Old  Line  Life 
Insurance  Company  of  America  is  wholly  unnecessary,  this  list  being 
one  that  will  speak  for  itself  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  and  wherever 
these  men  are  known,  either  as  private  citizens  or  in  their  business 
capacities. 

Joseph  Wolter.  It  requires  exceptional  ability  to  rise  from  a 
position  as  a  wage-earning  workman  to  such  a  place  as  Joseph  Wolter 
now  commands  in  the  business  activities  of  Sturgeon  Bay.  Mr.  Wolter 
belongs  to  the  well  known  firm  of  Rieboldt,  Wolter  &  Company,  whose 
shipyards  and  floating  dry-dock  are  the  biggest  industrial  enterprise 
of  the  city.  Mr.  Wolter  is  also  president  of  the  W^isconsin  Dredge  & 
Dock  Company  at  Sheboygan,  a  banker,  and  his  standing  in  the  com- 
munity is  well  indicated  by  his  incumbency  of  his  office  of  the  mayor  of 
the  city  of  Sturgeon  Bay  for  the  past  eight  years. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1585 

Joseph  "Wolter  was  born  in  Milwaukee,  "Wisconsin,  May  17,  1857, 
a  son  of  William  and  Catherine  AVolter,  both  natives  of  Germany,  but 
married  in  Milwaukee.  The  father  died  in  that  city  in  1907,  but  the 
mother  about  1888.  William  Wolter  was  likewise  a  shipbuilder,  and 
for  man}'  years  was  employed  by  the  ^Volf  &  Davidson  Company  of 
Milwaukee.  The  children  of  the  parents  were :  Mary,  who  still  keeps 
up  the  old  home  at  Milwaukee ;  Joseph ;  Charles,  deceased ;  and  Anna, 
Mrs.  Peter  Jones  of  Milwaukee. 

The  youth  of  Joseph  Wolter  was  spent  in  ^Milwaukee.  An  important 
incident  of  his  early  j-ears  was  his  attendance  in  the  Catholic  parochial 
school,  but  after  the  fundamentals  of  education  had  been  acquired  he 
soon  found  a  place  where  he  could  contribute  to  his  own  support  in  the 
shipbuilding  yards  of  Wolf  &  Davidson.  Once  engaged  in  that  line  of 
industry  he  has  never  for  any  length  of  time  departed  from  it.  Learn- 
ing the  trade  of  shipwright,  he  was  advanced  step  by  step,  until  he  be- 
came foreman  with  Wolf  &  Davidson,  when  still  a  comparatively  young 
man.  In  1885,  he  and  a  fellow  workman,  August  Rieboldt,  went  to 
Sheboygan  and  established  a  shipyard  for  themselves.  A  short  time 
later  they  started  the  construction  in  their  yards  of  the  ' '  Helena ' '  which 
for  a  time  was  the  largest  boat  sailing  the  great  lakes.  Those  familiar 
with  lake  shipping  will  recall  a  great  many  boats  that  have  come  out  of 
the  Rieboldt  &  Wolter  yards,  and  some  of  the  most  prominent  of  these 
are  mentioned  as  follows:  "Marion,"  the  "John  Schroeder,"  the  "E. 
A.  Shores,"  and  many  tugs  and  smaller  crafts.  Their  tirm  also  built 
three  wooden  boats,  used  by  the  fire  department  at  Milwaukee.  In 
1896,  Rieboldt  &  Walter  moved  their  floating  docks  to  Sturgeon  Bay, 
and  there  established  complete  facilities  for  ship  building.  Their  in- 
dustry, giving  employment  to  from  fifty  to  two  hundred  men  has  the 
largest  payroll  among  the  various  industries  of  Sturgeon  Bay,  and  for 
seventeen  years  the  business  has  contributed  a  large  proportion  of 
Sturgeon  Bay's  industrial  prosperity.  In  the  summer  of  1913  the 
fifty-fifth  large  boat  Avas  being  constructed  in  the  yards,  and  in  the 
meantime  they  have  completed  many  thousands  of  dollars  worth  of 
repairing  and  rebuilding.  Since  1890,  the  partners  have  been  engaged 
in  dredging  operations  continuously. 

In  1890  the  Wisconsin  Dredge  and  Dock  Company  was  incorporated, 
its  fifty  thousand  dollars  of  capital  all  being  paid  in  and  Mr.  Wolter 
became  president,  C.  A.  Reiss,  secretary  and  treasurer.  The  head- 
quarters of  this  company  are  at  Sheboygan.  The  company  have  sev- 
eral dredges,  and  pile  drivers  and  have  performed  many  large  con- 
tracts in  various  quarters  of  the  great  lakes. 

Besides  his  interest  in  the  Wisconsin  Dredge  &  Dock  Company,  and 
the  Rieboldt  &  Wolter  Company,  Mr.  Wolter  has  various  connections 
with  other  enterprises.  He  is  vice  president  of  the  Bank  of  Sturgeon 
Bar. 


1586  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

lie  is  one  of  the  men  who  have  undertaken  successfully  to  show  the 
possibilities  of  fruit  growing  in  this  part  of  Wisconsin,  and  with  Mr. 
Rieboldt  and  Henry  Fetzer,  is  joint  proprietor  of  an  eighty-acre  orchard 
at  the  edge  of  Sturgeon  Bay,  known  as  the  Big  Creek  Orchard  Company. 

Perhaps  nothing  indicates  Mr.  Wolter's  character  and  attainments 
better  than  his  continued  retention  in  the  office  of  mayor  of  Sturgeon 
Bay.  He  was  first  elected  to  that  office  in  1905.  Although  a  Democrat, 
and  living  in  a  strongly  Republican  community,  he  has  defeated  his 
various  opponents,  usually  two  to  one,  and  at  one  time  at  one  election 
three  to  one.  He  and  his  family  are  members  of  the  St.  Joseph's  Cath- 
olic church,  and  he  is  financial  secretaiy  of  the  Catholic  Knights  of  Wis- 
consin. He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Twenty  Club  of  Sturgeon  Bay,  an 
exclusive  social  organization  of  the  city. 

In  May,  1879,  Mr.  Wolter  married  Regina  Sery,  wlio  died  iu  ^lay, 
1888,  leaving  three  children  as  follows :  Agnes ;  Charles  H..  who  by 
his  marriage  to  Emma  Thomas,  has  one  child,  Alfred;  and  Joseph  G. 
In  September,  1889,  Mr.  Wolter  married  Agnes  Ferger.  The  children 
of  this  union  are:  Catherine.  Eleanor,  William.  Regina,  Cecelia,  Aurelia, 
Genevieve  and  Henry. 

A.  J.  Kreitzer,  M.  D.  In  practice  at  Sturgeon  Bay  since  1896,  Dr. 
Kreitzer  is  in  point  of  continuous  activity  the  oldest  physician  of  the 
city.  He  is  successful  in  his  profession,  a  man  of  exceptional  attain- 
ments, widel.y  known  and  respected  as  a  citizen,  and  has  an  intimate 
part  in  local  business  affairs,  being  president  of  the  Bank  of  Sawyer. 
A.  J.  Kreitzer  was  born  in  Germany,  in  the  Province  of  West  Prussia, 
March  15,  1858.  About  the  time  A.  J.  Kreitzer  passed  his  ninth  birth- 
day the  family  left  the  fatherland,  and  after  a  voyage  of  seven^weeks, 
a  sailing  vessel  landed  them  at  Montreal,  Canada.  From  Montreal  they 
proceeded  to  Detroit,  and  thence  to  Milwaukee.  After  a  brief  stay  in 
the  Wisconsin  metropolis,  they  found  a  permanent  home  at  Port  Wash- 
ington, where  Dr.  Kreitzer  grew  up  and  finished  his  education  begun 
originally  in  the  schools  of  Germany.  His  first  regular  vocation  Avas 
that  of  teaching,  having  obtained  a  certificate  of  (pialification  for  that 
profession  soon  after  leaving  the  public  schools.  For  eleven  years  Dr. 
Kreitzer  was  in  the  practical  work  of  education  in  Ozaukee  county, 
and  during  four  years  of  that  time  was  superintendent  of  schools. 
In  the  meantime  he  had  definitely  determined  i;pon  niedicine  as  his 
vocation,  and  after  spending  one  year  in  reading  at  Port  Washington 
under  the  preceptorship  of  Dr.  Eli  Smith,  now  deceased,  he  entered 
Rush  Medical  College  at  Chicago,  Avhere  he  was  graduated  M.  D. 
wdth  the  class  of  1896.  In  the  same  year  he  located  at  Sturgeon  Bay, 
and  has  ever  since  been  a  resident  of  that  portion  of  Sturgeon  Bay 
knowni  as  Sawyer,  at  one  time  an  independent  municipality,  but  now 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1587 

the  Fourth  Ward  of  the  larger  city.  Dr.  Kreitzer  is  a  member  of  the 
Fox  River  Valley  Medical  Society. 

Ever  since  locating  in  Sturgeon  Bay,  Dr.  Kreitzer  has  taken  an 
active  part  both  in  business  and  public  atifairs.  For  four  vears  he 
was  a  member  of  the  school  board,  and  two  years  of  that  time  was 
spent  as  president.  He  has  also  served  as  president  of  the  Door  & 
Kewaune  County  "Training  School  Board.  In  1911  Dr.  Kreitzer  was 
the  nominee  of  the  Progressive  partj^  for  the  office  of  State  "Senator. 
When  the  Bank  of  Sawyer  was  organized,  Dr.  Kreitzer  was  among 
the  men  Avho  contributed  their  personal  resources  and  their  business 
experience  to  the  establishment  of  that  institution,  and  has  been  its 
president  ever  since.  Dr.  Kreitzer  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  Idlewild 
Inn,  a  popular  summer  resort  on  Green  Bay.  He  is  also  identified 
with  other  local  affairs. 

On  November  4,  1882,  Dr.  Kreitzer  married  Miss  Mary  Jane  Ander- 
son, of  Port  Washington.  Their  family  of  children  are  named  as  fol- 
lows: Adelia;  Ellen,  Mrs.  E.  V.  Clark;  Nellie;  and  Gusta.  Dr.  and 
Mrs.  Kreitzer  are  members  of  the  Norwegian  Lutheran  church. 

Eugene  C.  Hart.  No  history  of  W^isconsin  would  be  in  any  way 
complete  were  not  frequent  and  extended  inention  made  of  the  men 
who  control  its  maritime  traffic,  which  during  the  past  several  decades 
has  been  developed  in  a  marvelous  degree.  From  earliest  boyhood, 
Eugene  C.  Hart,  president  of  the  Hart  Transportation  Company,  of 
Sturgeon  Bay,  has  been  connected  with  water  transportation  ;  and  as  the 
directing  head  of  the  prominent  concern  which  bears  his  name  is 
widely  known  among  vessel-men  of  the  Great  Lakes.  He  was  born 
at  Oconto,  Oconto  county,  Wisconsin,  December  7,  1880,  and  is  a  son 
of  the  late  Capt.  Clifford  B.  and  Harriet  E.  (St.  Ores)  Hart. 

Edwin  Hart,  the  grandfather  of  Eugene  C.  Hart,  was  one  of  the 
pioneers  of  Green  Bay,  Wisconsin,  Avas  an  early  contractor,  and  built 
the  old  stone  lighthouse  at  Long-Tail  Point,  for  many  years  one  of  the 
land-marks  of  Green  Bay.  He  also  studied  law,  was  admitted  to  the 
bar,  and  eari-ied  on  a  successful  practice  both  at  Green  Bay  and  Oconto. 
He  died  at  the  home  of  a  daughter  at  Menominee,  Wisconsin,  and  was 
laid  to  rest  in  the  cemetery  at  Oconto.  Clifford  B.  Hart  was  born  at 
Green  Bay,  and  there  grcAV  up,  securing  his  education  in  the  public 
schools,  although  it  is  likely  that  he  paid  more  attention  to  the  water 
and  its  navigation  than  he  did  to  the  text-books  or  his  teachers.  With 
a  lad's  love  of  adventure  and  an  inherent  affection  for  things  nautical, 
he  eagerly  sought  opportunity  on  every  possible  occasion  to  make 
vessel  trips  of  any  nature,  and  when  he  was  only  twelve  years  old 
became  the  owner  of  a  small  boat  which  he  used  in  carrying  baggage 
between  Oconto' and  Green  Bay.  When  he  was  sixteen  years  of  age 
he  was  the  proud  possessor  of  a  schooner,  and  soon  he  became  known 


1588  HISTORY  OF  AVISOONSIN 

at  the  different  points  along  the  coast,  and  gradually  extended  his 
operations  by  adding  a  number  of  tugs  to  his  equipment.  Out  of  this 
developed  what  was  known  as  the  Hart  Steamboat  Line,  traveling 
from  Green  Bay,  to  which  point  Captain  Hart  had  removed  from 
Oconto,  and  at  one  time  he  had  five  boats  running  between  Green  Bay 
and  the  "Soo. "  During  the  winter  of  1905,  he  sold  out  to  the  Green 
Bay  Transportation  Company,  intending  to  retire  from  active  business, 
but  in  the  spring,  when  the  ice  cleared  away,  he  could  not  resist  the 
call  of  the  water,  and,  accordingly,  he  came  to  Sturgeon  Bay,  where 
he  was  the  owner  of  dock  jDroperty,  and  started  the  Hart  Transporta- 
tion Company,  having  at  that  time  just  one  steamer,  the  "Sailor  Boy." 
The  company  was  incorporated  in  the  fall  of  1906,  with  Clifford  B. 
Hart  as  president,  Mrs.  C.  B.  Hart  as  vice-president  and  Eugene  C. 
Hart,  secretary  and  treasurer.  The  vessels  now  include  the  "Bon  Ami" 
and  the  ' '  Thistle, ' '  and  trips  are  made  between  Escanaba  and  Sturgeon 
Bay,  carrying  both  passengers  and  freight  and  making  connections 
with  all  lake  points.  The  firm  also  deals  extensively  in  all  grades  of 
coal.  Mr.  Hart  continued  actively  connected  with  the  business  until 
the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  March  19,  1913.  A  self-made 
man  in  the  fullest  sense  of  the  title,  his  character  was  one  which  was 
admirably  adapted  to  his  chosen  calling.  Fearless  in  his  courage,  of 
luieompromising  honesty  and  integrity,  he  won  respect  and  admiration 
from  his  associates  and  employes  alike.  His  experiences  were  of  varied 
and  interesting  character,  and  his  vocation  brought  him  into  contact 
with  all  kinds  and  conditions  of  men.  Those  in  his  employ  knew  him 
as  a  rigid  disciplinarian,  yet  he  was  ever  just,  and  while  malcontents 
met  with  a  rigid  front,  those  who  were  faithful  in  their  performance 
of  duty  found  him  a  friend  and  protector.  He  was  a  Mason  of  high 
standing,  having  taken  the  thirty-second  degree  at  Milwaukee,  and 
also  held  membership  in  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 
His  widow  still  survives  him  and  makes  her  home  with  her  son  at 
Sturgeon  Bay.  They  had  but  two  children :  Lewis,  who  died  as  a  child 
of  four  years;  and  Eugene  C. 

Eugene  Clifford  Hart  spent  the  first  five  years  of  his  life  in  Oconto, 
and  the  family  then  moved  to  Green  Bay,  where  he  grew  to  maturity. 
He  was  given  good  educational  advantages,  attending  the  public  schools 
and  the  business  college  in  that  city,  and  upon  the  completion  of  his 
course  in  the  latter  institution  became  purser  on  one  of  his  father's 
boats.  He  subsequently  entered  the  offices  and  after  some  experience 
as  bookkeeper  was  made  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Hart  Steam- 
boat Line,  a  position  he  continued  to  hold  until  the  business  was  sold. 
Tn  1905  he  came  to  Sturgeon  Bay,  and  with  his  father  laid  the  founda- 
tion for  the  Hart  Transportation  Company,  upon  the  incorporation  of 
which  he  was  made  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  company.  At  the 
time  of  his  father's  death  he  succeeded  the  elder  man  in  the  presidency. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1589 

Inheriting  many  of  his  father's  sterling  qualities  of  character,  as  well 
as  his  business  ability,  he  has  been  able  to  maintain  the  firm's  high 
reputation  in  shipping  circles  and  to  secure  for  his  vessels  a  full  share 
of  the  business  carried  on  upon  the  lakes.  Like  his  father,  he  has  been 
interested  in  fraternal  matters,  being  a  member  of  the  Masonic  Blue 
Lodge,  Chapter  and  Council  at  Sturgeon  Bay,  and  also  holding  mem- 
bership in  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  He  belongs  likewise  to  the  Twenty 
Club,  and  has  many  friends  in  all  of  these  organizations. 

On  March  22,  1904,  Mr.  Hai-t  was  married  to  Miss  Ruble  Irene  Rob- 
bins,  of  Green  Bay,  and  to  this  union  there  have  come  two  children : 
Harold  E.  and  Marion  Ethel.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hart  reside  in  a  pleasant 
home  on  Sherman  street  and  are  general  favorites  in  social  circles  of 
Sturgeon  Bay. 

William  E.  AVagexer.  Associated  intimately  with  the  professional, 
business  and  civic  interests  of  Sturgeon  Ba}^,  William  E.  W^agener,  city 
attorney  and  president  of  the  Door  County  Land  Company,  is  ac- 
counted one  of  the  prominent  figures  of  the  younger  generation  in  the 
life  and  activities  of  his  community.  He  has  contributed  to  the  growth 
and  material  advancement  of  his  city  in  various  ways,  and  may  be  said 
to  be  representatiA'e  of  the  enthusiastic  and  energetic  young  auen  of  this 
part  of  the  Badger  State  who  are  making  their  section  one  of  the  most 
prosperous  in  the  Union.  Mr.  Wagener  is  a  native  of  Sturgeon  Bay,  and 
was  born  October  25,  1882,  a  son  of  Arnold  and  Isabelle  (Terrens) 
Wagener. 

Arnold  Wagener  was  born  in  Germany,  and  was  a  child  when  he 
left  the  Fatherland  with  his  parents,  the  family  emigrating  to  the 
United  States  and  locating  at  Mishicott,  in  Manitowoc  county,  Wiscon- 
sin. There  the  youth  grew  up,  obtaining  an  ordinary  education  in  the 
district  schools,  but  his  studies  were  interrupted  by  the  outbreak  of  the 
Civil  war.  and  when  he  was  but  seventeen  years  of  age  he  left  home 
and  shouldered  a  musket  in  defense  of  his  adopted  flag.  Enlisting  in 
Company  A,  Fifth  Regiment,  W^isconsin  Volunteer  Infantry,  with  other 
youths  from  ]\Iishicott,  he  saw  three  years  of  active  and  arduous  serv- 
ice, his  engagements  including  the  battle  of  Gettysburg  and  other 
sanguine  struggles.  He  was  twice  wounded,  and  his  entire  military 
record  was  characterized  by  the  utmost  bravery  and  devotion  to  duty. 
Upon  receiving  his  honorable  discharge,  Mr.  Wagener  went  to  the 
West,  and  there  spent  several  months  at  the  hazardous  occupation  of 
driving  a  supply  wagon  across  the  plains,  succeeding  which  he  re- 
turned to  Wisconsin  and  entered  the  employ  of  the  Sehlitz  Brewing 
Company,  at  Milwaukee.  He  came  to  Sturgeon  Bay  about  the  year 
1873  and  in  this  village,  then  in  its  infancy  he  established  himself  in- 
business  with  a  brother  as  the  proprietor  of  a  brewery,  and  this  grew 
to  be  one  of  the  leading  enterprises  of  its  kind  in  Door  county,  Mr. 


1590  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Wagener  developing  into  a  man  of  i:)rominenee  and  means.  He  was 
widely  known  in  political  matters  of  this  section,  gave  his  support  un- 
falteringly to  the  Democratic  party,  and  at  various  times  was  honored 
by  election  to  public  office,  serving  as  alderman  and  postmaster  of 
Sturgeon  Bay  and  as  sheriff  of  Door  county.  His  public  service  was 
marked  by  the  same  faithfulness  and  courage  that  had  won  him  the 
regard  of  his  comrades  in  the  army  and  the  services  he  rendered  his 
community  placed  him  among  the  helpful  men  of  his  day.  Standing 
high  among  the  Germans  of  Sturgeon  Bay,  he  was  a  leading  member 
of  the  Sons  of  Hermann,  and  was  connected  with  that  organization  at 
the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  July  17,  1902.  Mr.  Wagener  was 
married  in  1873  to  Miss  Isabelle  Terrens,  who  survives  him  and  still 
makes  her  home  in  Sturgeon  Bay,  and  the  children  born  to  this  union 
were  as  follows:  Dr.  Hubert,  a  successful  druggist  of  Sturgeon  Bay, 
who  is  at  present  serving  in  the  capacity  of  highway  commissioner  of 
Door  county;  Anna;  Arnold;  William  E.,  of  this  review;  AValter,  and 
Lionel. 

William  E.  Wagener  grew  to  manhood  in  the  city  of  his  nativity, 
here  securing  his  preliminary  literary  training  in  the  public  schools. 
After  graduating  from  the  high  school  in  1902,  he  became  a  student  in 
the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  at  i\Iadison,  and  in 
1906  was  graduated  therefrom  with  his  degree.  In  the  same  year  he 
was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and  after  a  short  practice  at  Sawyer  returned 
to  Sturgeon  Bay  and  opened  his  present  offices,  located  over  the  Bank  of 
Sturgeon  Bay.  He  has  succeeded  in  building  up  an  excellent  profes- 
sional business,  and  his  reputation  among  his  fellow-practitioners  is 
high.  Like  his  father,  he  is  a  Democrat,  and  in  1908  he  became  the 
candidate  of  his  party  for  the  office  of  city  attorney.  In  the  election 
which  followed  he  received  a  handsome  majority,  succeeded  W.  E. 
Garde  in  the  office,  and  has  continued  to  discharge  the  duties  of  his 
position  in  an  eminently  satisfactory  manner.  Aside  from  his  law 
practice,  Mr.  Wagener 's  activities  are  devoted  to  the  real  estate  busi- 
ness, and  he  is  now  president  of  the  Door  County  Land  Company,  of 
which  he  was  one  of  the  organizers. 

In  1909,  Mr.  Wagener  was  united  in  marriage  with  IMiss  Lucy  Rys- 
dorp,  of  Sturgeon  Bay,  and  two  children  have  been  born  to  this  union : 
Dorothy  Dean  and  Ruth  Isabelle.  The  pleasant  family  home  is  located 
on  Cedar  street,  near  the  hospital. 

P.  S.  RoBBiNS.  One  of  the  greatest  lumbering  and  manufacturing 
industries  of  northern  Wisconsin,  the  Robbins  Lumber  Company  of 
Rhinelander  represents  in  a  large  degree  the  successful  outcome  of 
one  man 's  energy,  ambition  and  enterprise,  protracted  through  a  series 
of  years  from  a  time  when 'he  Avas  a  raw  recruit  in  the  lumber  woods 
of  ^Michigan.     F.  S.  Robbins,  president  of  the  company  has  an  inter- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1591 

esting  career,  though  it  must  be  realized  largely  in  comparing  his  early 
beginnings  with  his  later  success,  for  like  many  of  the  veteran  lum- 
bermen he  is  extremely  modest  as  to  his  own  pai't  in  his  life's  record. 

The  Bobbins  Lumber  Company  are  manufacturers  and  wholesale 
dealers  in  all  kinds  of  lumber,  and  particularly  in  hardwood  flooring. 
Their  chief  plant  and  offices  are  at  Rhinelander.  Mr.  Robbins  estab- 
lished the  business  here  in  1886,  only  a  few  years  after  the  town  was 
laid  out.  The  extent  of  the  business  is  more  easily  compi'ehended 
when  it  is  stated  that  the  company  owns  and  operates  a  very  complete 
system  of  narrow-gauge  railroad,  with  a  mileage  of  forty-six  miles, 
running  from  Rhinelander  to  Sugar  Camp  north,  and  within  six  miles 
of  Eagle  River.  Another  branch  runs  from  Pine  Lake  to  Eagle  Chain 
of  Lakes,  and  another  branch  to  Virgin  Lake  and  Lake  Julia.  The 
general  equipment  of  this  railroad  comprises  one  hundred  log  cars, 
five  box  cars,  one  passenger  coach,  four  locomotives,  two  moguls,  one 
consolidated  and  one  single  top,  four-wheeler  engines.  During  the 
winter  seasons  in  the  woods,  the  company  employs  five  hundred  men, 
and  keep  about  one  hundred  and  thirty  in  the  Avoods  during  the  sum- 
mer. Some  one  hundred  and  fifty  hands  are  employed  in  the  sawmills 
and  planing  mills.  At  Rhinelander  is  located  a  large  mill  and  a 
planing  mill,  and  also  the  factory  for  hardwood  flooring. 

Mr.  Robbins  established  this  business  with  Mr.  S.  H.  Baird,  under 
the  naHie  of  Baird  and  Robbins.  Later  Mr.  Baird  retired,  and  W.  H. 
BroAvn  came  in  as  partner.  The  business  was  incorporated  December 
3,  1894,  as  BroAvn  &  Robbins,  and  on  February  1,  1901,  the  name  was 
changed  to  the  Robbins  Lumber  Company,  with  Mr.  Robbins  as  presi- 
dent and  treasurer.  R.  D.  Caldwell  is  vice-president,  and  Hattie  Mc- 
Indoe  is  secretary.  Mr.  Robbins  is  one  of  the  veterans  of  the  lumber 
business,  having  become  identified  with  it  in  Michigan  in  1868,  and 
moving  from  that  state  to  Wisconsin  in  1896.  Among  his  other  inter- 
ests he  is  half  OAvner  in  the  Rhinelander  Lumber  and  Coal  Company,  a 
large  retail  concern. 

F.  S.  Robbins  was  born  in  Potter  county,  Pennsylvania,  May  5, 
1842,  a  son  of  James  G.  and  Olive  E.  (Slade)  Robbins.  His  father, 
Avho  was  a  farmer,  moved  out  to  Michigan,  and  in  1856  located  in 
Osceola  county,  where  his  Avas-the  first  family  to  make  permanent 
settlement.  In  that  section  of  the  state  the  father  entered  government 
land,  paying  seventy-five  cents  an  acre  for  it.  That  continued  to  be 
the  home  of  the  Senior  Robbins  until  his  death  at  Crapo  in  Osceola 
county.  Mr.  F.  S.  Robbins  gave  the  name  to  the  village  in  Avhieh  his 
father  died,  thus  honoring  the  name  of  Governor  Crapo  of  Michigan. 
Thirteen  years  old  at  the  time  of  the  family's  removal  to  Michigan,  F. 
S.  Robbins  grew  to  manhood  there,  lived  on  a  farm,  and  had  a  fair 
education.  He  Avas  still  under  age  AAdien  the  Civil  war  came  on,  and  in 
April,  1862,  he  enlisted  for  the  cause  of  the  Union  in  Company  F  of 


15!)2  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

the  Third  Michigan  Volunteer  Infantry,  and  saw  two  years  of  active 
service  in  the  war.  After  the  war  he  spent  two  years  in  the  soutliwest 
along  the  Rio  Grande  River,  after  which  he  returned  to  his  old  home 
in  Osceola  county,  and  began  farming  on  a  place  adjoining  that  of  his 
father.  Not  long  after  that  he  got  his  first  regular  experience  as  a 
lumberman,  when  he  began  logging  on  the  Muskegon  River,  and  from 
that  time  to  the  present  has  been  identified  with  every  phase  of  the 
lumber  industry. 

In  1866,  Mr.  Robbins  was  married  to  Emma  B.  Haymond  of  Car- 
margo,  Mexico.  However,  she  was  born  and  reared  in  Fairmount, 
West  Virginia,  though  Fairmount  at  the  time  was  in  Old  Virginia. 
Mrs.  Robbins  is  the  mother  of  three  children :  Howard  G.,  in  the  timber 
business  at  Spokane,  Washington,  and  president  of  the  Spokane  Paint 
&  Oil  Company;  Hattie  L.,  the  wife  of  Dr.  T.  B.  Mclndoe;  and  Minnie 
R.,  the  widow  of  Charles  S.  Chapman.  Fraternally  Mr.  Robbins  is 
affiliated  Avith  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

Joseph  Melchoir  Schauer,  in  the  course  of  his  active  and  diversified 
life,  has  steadily  risen  from  a  humble  clerkship  in  a  clothing  store, 
through  various  positions  connected  with  the  railroad  industry  to  the 
l^osition  of  general  manager  and  secretary  of  one  of  Sturgeon  Bay's 
leading  enterprises,  the  Dorr  County  Land  Company.  He  has  shown 
himself  a  thoroughly  competent  man  of  affairs  and  a  useful  and*  genial 
member  of  social  circles,  and  in  the  management  of  his  various  ventures 
has  brought  into  play  tact,  prudence,  integrity  and  courtesy,  each  in  its 
way  a  superior  excellence. 

Mr.  Schauer  is  a  native  of  the  Badger  State,  having  been  born  on 
his  father's  farm  at  New  Franken,  Brown  county,  January  16,  1871, 
and  is  a  son  of  Melchoir  and  Clara  (Lereheidt)  Schauer.  His  parents 
were  among  the  pioneer  settlers  of  Brown  county,  Avhere  the  father 
took  up  a  homestead  from  the  Government  at  a  time  when  there  were 
but  three  or  four  houses  in  the  hamlet  of  Green  Bay,  and  there  they 
continued  to  spend  their  lives  in  the  occupations  connected  with  the 
successful  tilling  of  the  soil.  They  were  the  parents  of  thirteen  chil- 
dren, of  whom  eight  now  survive :  Lawrence ;  Anna ;  Lena,  who  became 
the  Avife  of  Alphonse  Lemensc;  Gertrude;  August;  Peter;  Catherine, 
and  Joseph  Melchoir.  Like  the  majority  of  farmer's  sons  of  his  day 
and  locality,  Joseph  M.  Schauer  divided  his  boyhood  days  between  as- 
sisting his  father  in  the  Avork  of  the  homestead  and  attending  the  dis- 
trict schools,  the  latter  during  the  short  terms  of  the  Avinter  months. 
Later  he  Avas  given  further  training  in  the  business  college  at  Green  Bay, 
and  having  tasted  of  the  excitement  of  city  life  he  did  not  feel  satisfied 
to  return  to  the  simple  duties  of  the  farm.  Accordingly  he  secured  a 
clerkship  in  a  Green  Bay  clothing  store,  but  one  year  sufficed  to  satisfy 
him  that  he  had  not  yet  found  his  proper  field  of  endeavor,  and  he  sub- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1593 

sequeutly  entered  the  employ  of  the  Green  Bay  &  AVestern  Railway, 
being  in  charge  of  the  station  at  New  Franken  for  two  years.  He  was 
later  transferred  to  the  station  at  Grand  Rapids,  where  he  continued 
one  year,  and  succeeding  this  went  to  Algoma,  Wisconsin,  as  station 
agent  for  the  Ahnapee  Western  Railway  (now  the  Green  Bay  &  West- 
ern) and  after  being  there  three  years  was  transferred  to  Sturgeon  Bay. 
Here  he  experienced  seven  years  as  station  agent  and  one  year  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  auditing  department,  but  constant  and  arduous  work  had 
broken  his  health,  and  for  one  year  he  was  forced  to  live  retired  from 
all  business  activity.  When  he  had  recuperated,  he  looked  about  for 
an  occupation  which  would  allow  him  some  freedom  in  the  open  air, 
and  eventually  chose  the  real  estate  business,  having  recognized  an  op- 
portunity to  become  a  broker  at  Sturgeon  Bay.  From  that  time  his 
success  was  assured.  He  became  eminently  successful  in  his  new  line, 
won  recognition  in  realty  circles,  and  when  the  Door  County  Land  Com- 
pany was  organized  in  1909,  he  invested  his  capital  as  a  stockholder  and 
was  made  secretary  and  general  manager  of  the  concern.  This  firm 
was  incorporated  December  20,  1909,  with  $15,000  capital,  its  first  busi- 
ness being  done  in  connection  with  the  disposal  of  the  Decker  Estate. 
It  has  enjoyed  a  rapid  and  continuous  growth,  and  at  this  time  owns 
over  32,000  acres  of  improved  and  unimproved  land  in  Door  county,  in- 
cluding cherry  orchards,  fruit  lands,  city  realty,  farms,  etc.  The  firm 
deals  in  abstracts  of  title;  buys,  sells  and  exchanges  real  estate;  makes 
loans  and  investments  and  buys  and  sells  on  commission,  and  a  specialty 
of  the  business  is  the  sale  of  farm  and  fruit  lands  on  easy  terms.  The 
company  occupies  handsome  offices  in  the  Bank  of  Sturgeon  Bay  build- 
ing, and  the  officers  at  this  time  are:  W.  E.  Wagener,  president;  J.  A. 
Spalsbury,  vice-president;  J.  M.  Schauer,  secretary  and  manager,  and 
Henry  Graass,  treasurer.  Mr.  Schauer  has  devoted  his  entire  attention 
to  the  development  of  this  venture,  and  his  untiring  efforts  have  brought 
it  to  the  forefront  among  Wisconsin  land  companies.  This  success  has 
not  been  gained  by  any  doubtful  methods.  He  has  passed  through  his 
ordeal  "with  no  smell  of  fire  upon  his  garments."  He  staked  his  hopes 
of  success  upon  his  adherence  to  the  strictest  integrity,  the  best  stand- 
ards of  business  honor.  Among  his  associates  he  is  known  as  a  man  of 
excellent  judgment  whose  grasp  of  business  problems  is  firm.  And  as 
he  has  won  their  confidence  by  his  business  ability,  so  has  he  won  their 
friendship  by  a  pleasant  and  genial  personality. 

In  June,  1896,  Mr.  Schauer  was  married  to  Miss  Josephine  "Welniak, 
of  Algoma,  Wisconsin,  and  this  union  has  been  blessed  by  the  birth  of 
two  bright  and  interesting  children :  Genevieve  and  Leo.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Schauer  are  members  of  the  St.  Joseph's  Roman  Catholic  church,  where 
Mr.  Schauer  formerly  served  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees.  His 
fraternal  connections  include  membership  in  the  Catholic  Order  of  For- 
esters and  the  Knights  of  Columbus. 


1594  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

William  F.  ]\IcCaughey.  The  field  of  Life  Insurance  in  Wisconsin 
has  no  abler,  or  more  energetic  representative  than  the  General  Agent 
of  the  Northwestern  Mutual  Life  at  Racine.  Mr.  McCaughey  has  had 
a  wide  and  varied  experience  in  business  affairs  beginning  when  he  was 
a  boy  as  clerk  in  a  Cincinnati  Dry  Goods  House.  Later,  he  became 
interested  in  and  devoted  fifteen  years  as  General  Secretary  to  the  work 
of  the  Young  ]\Ien's  Christian  Association.  Something  more  than  thir- 
teen years  ago  he  entered  the  field  of  Life  Insurance.  He  possesses  the 
energy  and  address,  which  are  so  requisite  to  success  in  this  department 
of  work,  these  qualities  are  also  reenforced  by  his  enthusiasm  for,  and 
faith  in,  Life  Insurance  as  one  of  the  essential  requirements  of  modern 
life. 

William  F.  McCaughey  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  where  his  parents  were' 
among  the  early  settlers.  He  was  born  in  Akron,  June,  1861,  a  son  of 
Rev.  William  and  Lucy  Alter  McCaughey.  His  father  is  a  native  of 
Ohio  and  his  mother  of  Virginia.  The  father  devoted  the  best  years 
of  his  life,  a  period  of  half  a  century,  to  the  ministry  of  the  Presbyte- 
rian Church.  He  is  now  living  retired  in  his  eighty-fourth  year,  one  of 
the  honored  workers  of  his  profession. 

Mr.  McCaughey  became  identified  with  Life  Insurance  in  1901,  when 
he  became  District  Agent  of  the  Northwestern  ]\Iutual  Life  Insurance 
Company  at  Janesville,  Wisconsin.  Two  years  later,  in  1903,  he  estab- 
lished his  office  in  Racine.  In  1907  he  was  made  General  Agent  and 
the  supervision  of  ninety  agents  Avorking  in  fifteen  counties  in  the  south- 
ern part  of  the  state  were  placed  under  his  jurisdiction.  The  Home 
Office  of  the  Northwestern  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company  is  in  Mil- 
waukee and  it  is  one  of  the  best  known  of  Wisconsin's  corporations. 

Fraternally,  he  is  one  of  the  leading  Masons,  being  a  member  of 
Racine  Lodge  No.  18,  F.  &  A.  M. ;  Orient  Chapter,  R.  A.  M.;  Racine 
Commandery  No.  7,  K.  T. ;  Tripoli  Temple  of  Mystic  Shrine  of  Mil- 
waukee, and  has  attained  to  the  thirty-second  degree  of  the  Scottish 
Rite.  He  is  also  affiliated  with  the  Racine  Lodge  No.  252  of  the  Elks 
and  the  local  lodge  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias. 

In  1905  Mr.  McCaughey  organized  the  Six  0  'Clock  Club,  which  was 
in  1912  reorganized  into  the  Commercial  Club  of  Racine.  He  was,  in 
1913,  elected  President  of  this  organization. 

Both  in  Life  Insurance  circles  and  socially,  he  is  one  of  the  well 
known  and  popular  citizens  of  Racine. 

Horatio  V.  Gard.  An  enumeration  of  those  men  of  the  present 
generation  wdio  have  won  distinction  and  public  recognition  for  them- 
selves, and  at  the  same  time  have  honored  the  community  to  which 
they  belong,  would  be  incomplete  were  there  failure  to  make  reference 
to  Horatio  V.  Gard,  city  attorney  of  Superior,  and  for  tAventy  years 
one  of  the  prominent  representatives  of  the  legal  profession  in  this 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1595 

city.  A  man  of  high  intellectuality,  broad  human  sympathy  and  tol- 
erance, and  imbued  with  fine  sensibilities  and  clearly  defined  principles, 
he  also  possesses  the  executive  capacity  necessary  to  the  capable 
discharge  of  the  duties  of  his  official  position,  and  the  signal  services 
he  has  rendered  Superior  have  gained  for  him  a  recognized  position  in 
public  and  professional  life. 

Horatio  V.  Gard  is  a  native  Illinoisan,  born  in  Clark  county,  Decem- 
ber 30, 1862,  and  is  a  son  of  Allen  T.  and  Martha  A.  (Garner)  Gard,  na- 
tives of  Licking  county,  Ohio.  Allen  T.  Gard  received  good  educational 
advantages  in  his  youth,  and  early  adopted  the  profession  of  school 
teacher,  although  he  was  reared  on  a  farm.  After  his  marriage,  which 
took  place  in  Ohio,  he  made  removal  to  Clark  county,  Illinois,  in  1861, 
and  for  forty-two  consecutive  years  continued  to  be  one  of  the  best- 
known  educators  in  the  Prairie  State.  He  was  also  well  known  in 
public  life,  serving  as  Township  School  Treasurer  for  eighteen  years 
and  as  justice  of  the  peace  for  tAvelve  years,  and  was  highly  esteemed 
Avherever  known.  His  political  belief  was  that  of  the  Democratic  party, 
and  fraternally  he  was  affiliated  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows.  His  death  occurred  in  1907,  when  he  was  seventy-seven  years 
of  age,  while  his  widow  still  survives,  and  has  reached  the  advanced 
age  of  eighty  years.  Of  their  six  children,  five  are  living.  Horatio  V. 
was  the  third  in  order  of  birth. 

Mr.  Gard  was  given  a  good  educational  training  in  his  youth,  early 
studying  under  the  preceptorship  of  his  father,  and  subsequently 
attending  the  normal  school  of  his  native  locality.  He  commenced  his 
law  studies  in  the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Michigan,  at 
Ann  Arbor,  Avhere  he  received  his  degree  in  1892,  and  soon  thereafter 
was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  bar.  Coming  to  Superior  the  same 
year,  he  established  himself  in  practice,  and  since  that  time  he  has 
become  known  as  one  of  the  ablest  legists  of  the  Douglas  county  bar, 
being  attorney  for  such  well  known  concerns  as  the  United  States  Na- 
tional Bank,  the  Bank  of  Commerce  and  the  Webster  Manufacturing 
Company.  He  is  a  close  student  and  faithfully  observes  the  unwritten 
ethics  of  the  profession,  having  the  respect  of  his  confreres  and  the 
confidence  of  the  public  at  large.  Anything  that  affects  the  material 
welfare  of  his  adopted  city  or  its  people  at  once  enlists  his  active  and 
intelligent  interest,  and  he -has  always  allied  himself  with  movements 
calculated  to  make  for  progress  or  advancement  along  the  lines  of 
education,  morality  and  good  citizenship.  For  one  term  he  served  as 
a  member  of  the  library  board.  As  a  Democrat  of  long  standing,  he 
was  appointed  police  commissioner  of  Superior,  but  after  three  years 
resigned  to  accept  the  office  of  city  attorney,  to  which  he  was  appointed 
in  May,  1912.  In  his  official  capacity  he  is  rendering  able  service,  and 
his  record  is  that  of  a  conscientious  and  faithful  public  servant.    He 


1596  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

mamtains  well-appointed  offices  at    No.    201-3    Bank    of    Commerce 
Building. 

Herman  Gross.  The  business  career  of  Herman  Gross  in  these  parts 
has  been  of  ever  upward  progress,  and  from  a  very  small  beginning  he 
has  evolved  a  success  worthy  of  the  name.  Today,  as  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Gross  &  Neergaard,  manufacturers  and  dealers,  his  place  in 
Kenosha  business  circles  is  most  secure,  and  his  plant  and  factory  is 
known  for  one  of  the  principal  ones  of  its  kind  in  the  city. 

Mr.  Gross  is  not  a  native  American,  but  was  born  on  May  19,  1860, 
in  Norway,  coming  to  these  shores  when  he  was  twenty-two  years  old, 
the  year  1882  marking  his  advent  into  American  life.  He  stopped  a 
short  time  in  Chicago,  and  in  1884:  came  to  Kenosha,  here  engaging  in 
contracting  and  building  for  a  brief  period,  and  then  entering  the 
employ  of  the  Grant  Planing  Mill.  For  sixteen  years  Mr.  Gross  con- 
tinued to  be  identified  with  this  representative  concern,  and  then  he 
built  a  new  mill,  operating  it  on  his  own  responsibility  under  the  name 
of  the  Kenosha  Sash  &  Door  Co.  for  six  years.  In  1904  the  present 
partnership  of  Gross  &  Neergaard  was  formed,  Arthur  Neergaard 
joining  him  in  the  business,  and  since  that  time  the  concern  has  been 
run  on  a  successful  basis  under  their  united  names.  They  manufacture 
and  deal  in  sash,  doors,  mouldings  and  interior  finishing,  and  have  an 
immense  trade  in  these  parts.  Their  plant  is  at  the  corner  of  Park  and 
Valentine  streets,  and  is  one  of  the  best  conducted  factories  to  be  found 
hereabouts. 

Mr.  Gross  is  one  of  the  most  successful  Norwegian  manufacturers 
of  Kenosha,  and  his  place  in  business  circles  is  in  every  way  worthy 
of  his  enterprise  and  activities  in  the  years  that  he  has  been  here 
engaged  in  the  business. 

On  September  4,  1886,  Mr.  Gross  was  married  in  Kenosha  county 
to  Miss  Alice  Morehouse,  a  daughter  of  Louis  and  Hannah  Morehouse. 
Eight  children  have  been  born  to  them,  five  of  whom  are  living  and  are 
named  as  follows:  Harry;  Dora  H. ;  William  H. ;  Norman  M.;  and 
Edna  N.  Gross. 

Alexander  Ivey.  Since  1878  Lancaster  has  been  the  business  head- 
quarters of  Alexander  Ivey  as  well  as  his  place  of  residence,  and  he 
has  long  since  come  to  be  recognized  as  one  of  the  substantial  factors 
in  the  business  and  civic  life  of  the  city.  Merchandising  has  consti- 
tuted his  main  activities,  and  he  has  taken  a  foremost  place  among  the 
merchants  of  the  community,  Avhile  his  citizenship  has  long  been  recog- 
nized as  being  of  the  most  dependable  order.  A  veteran  of  the  Civil 
war,  he  gave  long  and  valiant  service  in  Company  D  Seventh  Wiscon- 
sin Volunteer  Infantry.  He  went  from  North  Carolina  to  Camp  Ran- 
dall at  Madison  to  enlist  and  he  participated  in  a  number  of  the  vital 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1597 

engagements  of  the  long  and  bitter  conflict,  suffering  the  loss  of  a 
leg  at  Gettysburg. 

Born  in  Cornwall,  England,  on  ]\Iarch  10,  1837,  Alexander  Ivey  is 
the  son  of  Joseph  and  Miriam  (Eudey)  Ivey,  both  natives  of  Cornwall. 
The  father,  who  was  a  captain  in  the  Cornwall  mines,  came  to  America 
in  1837  with  his  Avife  and  infant  son,  Alexander,  of  this  review,  and 
located  at  York,  Pennsylvania.  He  there  engaged  in  mining,  the  busi- 
ness in  which  he  had  been  bred  in  his  native  land,  and  continued  thus 
until  he  lost  his  life  in  the  Henrietta  mines  at  York,  when  a  drift  fell 
upon  him.  It  is  a  singular  fact  that  the  father  of  Mrs.  Ivey,  Alexander 
Eudey,  who  was  also  a  mining  captain,  came  to  America  and  located  in 
California,  there  losing  his  life  in  a  mining  shaft,  in  much  the  same 
manner  as  did  Mr.  Ivey. 

The  widowed  mother  of  Alexander  Ivey  later  married  one  Josiah 
Tremelon  and  settled  in  Virginia.  One  child  was  born  to  that  union, 
—a  daughter,  who  is  now  deceased.  The  mother  died  in  1847  at 
the  family  home  at  Harrison,  "Wisconsin.  In  1846,  however,  the  fam- 
ily had  removed  to  North  Carolina  and  in  the  same  year  moved  to  the 
state  of  Wisconsin,  locating  in  Rockville,  Harrison  township,  in  Grant 
county,  and  settling  in  a  log  cabin  that  the  head  of  the  family,  Josiah 
Tremelon,  built.  They  had  a  small  and  not  overly  productive  farm, 
mostly  wild  land  and  heavily  timbered,  and  many  difficulties  were  ex- 
perienced by  them  all.  The  death  of  the  mother  caused  the  removal 
of  young  Ivey  to  the  home  of  an  aunt  in  Rockwell,  and  until  his 
twenty-first  year  he  made  his  home  there.  His  early  education  was 
extremely  limited,  but  in  1857  he  attended  Platteville  Academy  for  a 
time,  and  then  started  out  to  make  his  own  way.  He  first  secured  w^ork 
as  a  clerk  in  a  general  store  in  British  Hollow,  Grant  county,  and 
there  continued  for  a  year.  He  then  turned  his  attention  to  mining, 
the  instinct  of  generations  of  mining  men  coming  to  the  front  when 
activities  in  the  lead  mines  of  Grant  county  came  on.  In  1855  he 
made  a  trip  back  to  North  Carolina,  remaining  until  1861,  when  he 
came  back  by  way  of  Baltimore,  at  a  time  when  the  Civil  war  troubles 
were  beginning  to  take  shape  and  form  in  the  south.  He  witnessed 
some  riotous  scenes  in  the  south,  and  soon  returned  to  British  Hollow, 
where  after  a  brief  interval  he  enlisted  for  service  in  Company  D  of 
the  Seventh  "Wisconsin  Infantry,  on  September  9,  1861.  He  was.  a 
participant  in  many  hard  fought  engagements  in  the  Army  of  the 
Potomac  until  the  battle  of  Gettysburg.  He  was  severely  wounded 
in  that  engagement  on  July  1,  1863,  his  wound  necessitating  the  amira- 
tation  of  his  leg  at  the  knee  cap  and  he  was  then  discharged  from 
the  service  because  of  disability,  his  discharge  coming  on  IMay  14,  1864. 
He  was  active  in  the  engagements  at  Janesville,  "Virginia,  Second  Bull 
Run,  South  Mountain,  Antietam,  Fredericksburg,  Virginia,  Chancel- 


1598  HISTOEY  OP  WISCONSIN 

lorsville,  Rappahannock  Station,  White  Sulphur  Springs,  Virginia,  and 
Gettysburg. 

Upon  his  return  from  the  war,  Mr.  Ivey  after  a  short  time  fitted 
himself  out  with  an  artificial  limb  and  once  more  resumed  the  prosaic 
duties  of  clerk  in  a  general  store  in  British  Hollow,  and  continued 
there  until  he  came  to  Lancaster  in  1875  and  identified  himself  with 
the  mercantile  business  of  this  city  as  proprietor  and  oAvner  of  an 
establishment.  His  years  of  active  life  in  British  Hollow  were  filled 
with  service  and  he  was  a  staunch  and  true  citizen  there  as  he  has  ever 
been  in  Lancaster.  In  1866  he  was  elected  town  clerk  of  Potosa  and 
also  held  the  office  of  Justice  of  the  Peace,  serving  for  six  years,  when 
he  withdrew  from  public  service  and  confined  his  attention  to  the 
mercantile  business  in  British  Hollow  with  John  B.  Wilson,  under  the 
firm  name  of  Wilson  &  Ivey.  They  continued  thus  for  two  years, 
after  which  Mr.  Ivey  continued  alone  until  1869,  when  William  E.  Webb 
became  his  business  partner.  In  1874  Mr.  Ivey  was  elected  treasurer 
of  Grant  county,  and  in  that  year  he  removed  to  Lancaster,  the  county 
seat.  He  served  four  years  as  county  treasurer,  being  re-elected  for  a 
second  two-year  term.  Here  he  has  since  made  his  home,  and  has  car- 
ried on  a  mercantile  business  of  splendid  proportions.  Mr.  Ivey  still 
is  associated  in  his  business  with  Mr.  Webb,  under  the 'firm  name  of 
Ivey  &  Webb,  and  the  two  are  well  established  in  the  confidence  and 
esteem  of  Lancaster  citizens,  as  well  as  those  of  adjacent  towns. 

On  the  4th  day  of  March,  1865,  Mr.  Ivey  was  married  to  Miss  Annie 
Eustice,  a  daughter  of  George  Eustice,  of  British  Hollow.  They  were 
early  settlers  of  the  place,  and  natives  of  Germany,  whence  they  emi- 
grated in  their  young  days.  Seven  children  were  born  to  these  par- 
ents, all  of  Avhom  are  living,  and  who  are  named  as  follows :  Miriam ; 
Joseph  E. ;  Mildred ;  Ned  Wheeler ;  William  LeRoy ;  George  Earl ; 
Alexander. 

Mr.  Ivey  is  a  stanch  Republican,  and  has  long  supported  the  prin- 
ciples of  that  party.  He  has  served  Lancaster  as  alderman^  as  well  as 
in  other  offices,  and  in  all  his  official  connections  has  given  worthy 
service.  He  is  a  member  of  the  G.  A.  R.,  and  was  for  two  and  a  half 
years  commander  of  Tom  Cook  Post  No.  132.  In  1882  he  was  appointed 
quartermaster  of  the  post.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows  and  has  served  as  secretary  of  Lancaster  Lodge  of  the 
order. 

Lewis  Cass  Barnett.  The  subject  of  this  sketch,  son  of  William 
Barnett,  was  born  of  Scotch-Irish  lineage  at  Greensburg,  Ky.  Here  his 
grandfather  settled  in  the  year  1780,  having  been  a  soldier  in  the  War 
of  the  Revolution.  His  boyhood  was  passed  in  that  town  in  attendance 
at  the  public  schools.  In  1864  the  family  moved  to  Rock  Island,  111. 
He  attended  the  preparatory  schools  in  Rock  Island  and  Davenport 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSlx\  1599 

and  then  began  his  college  course  at  Iowa  State  University,  pursuing 
his  studies  there  for  four  years,  after  which  he  took  up  the  occupation 
of  farming.  This  work  did  not  give  scope  to  his  ambitions  and  we 
find  him  entering  the  grain  business.  A  little  later  he  began  in  a  small 
way  a  contracting  business,  making  a  specialty  of  building  grain 
elevators. 

In  1892  the  Barnett  &  Eecord  Co.  Avas  incorporated  and  established 
at  Minneapolis  and  under  that  name  his  business  has  been  carried  on 
since,  he  being  the  President  and  active  manager  of  the  corporation. 
This  corporation  is  known  throughout  the  country  as  builders  of  grain 
elevators,  mills,  docks  and  other  kinds  of  heavy  structures  and  has 
grown  to  be  one  of  the  leading  concerns  of  the  United  States. 

In  1905  there  was  incorporated  in  Canada  the  Barnett-McQueen  Co., 
Ltd.,  of  which  Mr.  Barnett  is  president.  This  company  carries  on  an 
extensive  business  in  contracting  in  the  Dominion  of  Canada. 

Mr.  Barnett  is  the  active  directing  head  of  both  of  these  corpora- 
tions and  is  known  and  recognized  as  the  moving  spirit  in  the  great 
undertakings  for  which  the  concerns  bearing  his  name  are  celebrated. 

By  close  application  to  his  business  and  by  integrity  in  his  dealings 
he  has  established  for  himself  and  his  concern  a  reputation  second  to 
"wone  in  the  United  States. 

Since  1893  he  has  made  his  home  in  Superior  with  the  exception 
of  one  and  one-half  years  and  has  been  devoting  the  greater  portion 
of  his  time  to  looking  after  his  investments. 

He  is  a  director  in  the  Fir^t  National  Bank,  Superior,  Wis.,  a 
member  of  the  Minneapolis  Club  of  Minneapolis,  the  Iroquois  Club  of 
Chicago,  the  Kitchi  Gamma  Club  of  Duluth  and  the  Commercial  and 
Gitchi  Nadji  Clubs  of  Superior. 

In  1893  he  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Laura  Tombler  and 
to  them  has  been  born  one  daughter,  Lucy  Cable. 

John  M.  ]\IcCoy.  One  of  the  progressive  citizens  and  representative 
business  men  of  Milwaukee,  John  M.  McCoy  has  also  helped  advance 
the  general  good  of  the  community,  and  his  public  spirit  along  practical 
lines  of  philanthropy  has  been  equal  to  his  business  ability.  Big  of 
mind  and  big  of  heart,  he  has  well  employed  his  talents  in  whatever 
angle  of  the  fight  fortune  has  placed  him.  Prominence  as  a  man  of 
affairs,  and  of  broad  and  varied  business  interests  has  for  years  been 
his  position,  and  as  a  resourceful  and  influential  factor  in  the  progress 
and  prosperity  of  Milwaukee  along  both  civic  and  material  lines  he  is 
fully  entitled  to  consideration  in  this  history  of  Wisconsin. 

John  Martin  McCoy  was  born  in  the  city  of  Springfield,  Hampden 
county,  Massachusetts,  June  22,  1855.  His  parents,  Martin  and  Mary 
(Xolan)  McCoy,  were  both  born  and  reared  in  County  Galway,  Ireland, 
and  both  were  of  old  Irish  stock,  as  is  indicated  by  the  fact  that  each  of 


1600  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

them  spoke  the  original  Gaelic  language  of  the  Emerald  Isle  with 
marked  fluency.  They  came  to  America  about  the  year  1852,  and 
were  married  at  Holyoke,  Massachusetts.  After  several  years'  resi- 
dence at  Springfield,  Massachusetts,  they  removed  to  the  city  of  Boston, 
Avhere  Martin  McCoy  engaged  in  the  work  of  his  trade.  In  the  early 
part  of  the  Civil  war  he  manufactured  cavalry  boots  for  soldiers  of 
the  Union.  From  Boston  he  finally  removed  his  family  to  the  village  of 
Abington,  Plymouth  county,  a  place  situated  on  the  Old  Colony  Road, 
eighteen  miles  distance  from  Boston.  There  he  maintained  his  resi- 
dence until  March  17,  1863,  when  he  set  forth  for  the  Avest.  He  came 
Avith  his  family  to  Wisconsin,  and  established  his  home  in  Mihvaukee, 
where  he  found  employment  at  his  trade  and  Avhere  he  Avas  for  many 
years  in  the  employ  of  the  Avell  known  firm  of  Bradley  and  Metcalf. 
Martin  McCoy  Avas  a  man  of  alert  mentality  and  Avell  fortified  opinions, 
and  was  an  active  Avorker  in  connection  Avith  political  affairs  in  Mil- 
Avaiikee  during  the  years  of  his  business  career  in  Wisconsin,  though 
he  ncA-er  manifested  a  desire  for  the  honors  or  emoluments  of  public 
office.  He  Avas  a  man  of  exalted  integrity  of  character,  of  genial  and 
kindly  nature,  and  all  Avho  knew  him  accorded  to  him  the  fiillest 
measure  of  confidence  and  respect.  He  continued  to  reside  in  Mihvau- 
kee until  his  death,  Avhicli  occurred  on  the  second  of  July,  1886.  His 
Avife  died  several  years  later.  Both  Avere  devout  communicants  of 
the  Catholic  church.  They  became  the  parents  of  three  sons  and  five 
daughters,  and  of  the  six  children  noAV  living,  John  M.  is  the  eldest. 
I\Iary  maintains  her  home  in  the  city  of  Chicago;  Catherine,  who  is 
noAV  the  Avife  of  Ignatius  Stapleton  of  Portland,  Oregon,  first  married 
Captain  John  Sullivan,  Avho,  Avith  three  others,  Avas  killed  just  oft' 
North  Point  on  the  Wisconsin  Coast,  in  the  explosion  of  the  engine 
on  the  tug  'A.  W.  LaAvrence, "  during  the  middle  of  October,  1888. 
Ellen  is  the  AvidoAv  of  Thomas  E.  Barrett,  a  former  sheriff  of  Cook 
county,  Illinois,  the  first  Democratic  sheriff  elected  in  that  county  in  a 
period  of  thirty  years,  and  Avho  Avas  likcAvise  a  prominent  member  of 
the  Chicago  Board  of  Trade,  and  Mrs.  Barrett  noAv  resides  in  Ravens- 
Avood,  Chicago.  William  H.  and  James  E.  McCoy  reside  in  Mihvaukee. 
John  M.  McCoy  Avas  a  lad  of  eight  years  at  the  time  of  the  family 
removal  from  Massachusetts  to  Mihvaukee.  Here  he  attended  the  St. 
Gall's  parochial  school  on  the  site  of  the  present  Public  Service  Build- 
ing. After  his  school  days,  for  a  time  he  assisted  his  father  in  the 
latter 's  w^ork.  His  next  employment  Avas  Avith  the  firm  of  Godfrey  & 
Crandall,  printers  and  publishers,  this  firm  having  published  the  old- 
time  commercial  letters  as  a  source  of  daily  record  of  the  Mihvaukee 
Board  of  Trade,  at  a  time  Avhen  EdAvard  Sanderson,  Joseph  Oliver, 
William  Young  and  other  representative  citizens  Avere  members  of  the 
board.  In  1876  Mr.  McCoy  engaged  in  business  for  himself  by  opening 
a  cafe  and  restaurant  at  210  W.  Water  street.    This  became  the  most 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1601 

popular  establishment  of  its  day  in  Milwaukee,  and  was  successfully 
conducted  for  years. 

Mr.  McCoy  formulated  his  views  on  public  matters,  and  became 
an  active  factor  in  local  political  affairs.  In  April,  1885,  he  was  elected 
on  the  Democratic  ticket  as  representative  of  the  Fourth  Ward  on  the 
city  board  of  aldermen,  and  upon  the  expiration  of  his  three  years '  term 
in  1888  Avas  made  the  nominee  on  the  Fusion  ticket,  through  the 
medium  of  which  he  was  reelected  alderman  for  a  term  of  two  years. 
As  a  member  of  the  city  council  he  Avas  steadfast  and  loyal  and  did  all 
in  his  power  to  bring  about  a  wise  administration  of  the  municipal 
government.  Prior  to  thus  serving  in  the  city  council,  he  had  served 
as  deputy  sheriff  of  Milwaukee  county,  under  the  regime  of  Sheriff' 
John  R.  Bentley.  After  his  retirement  from  the  office  of  alderman,  Mr. 
McCoy  was  appointed  by  Governor  Geoi'ge  W.  Peck  to  the  position  of 
state  oil  inspector  for  the  district  comprising  Milwaukee,  Ozaukee  and 
Washington  counties,  and  he  continued  in  that  post  during  the  admin- 
istration of  Governor  Peck.  He  finally  removed  to  the  eighteenth  ward 
of  Milwaukee,  and  in  April,  1902,  Avas  elected  alderman  from  this  ward, 
in  which  he  has  maintained  his  home  for  the  past  twenty  years.  In 
1908  Mr.  McCoy  was  the  Democratic  nominee  for  shei'iff  of  Mihvaukee 
county,  but  met  defeat  in  the  general  Republican  predomination  of 
that  year.  As  a  member  of  the  city  council  Mr.  McCoy  always  mani- 
fested the  courage  of  his  convictions,  and  was  as  ready  at  all  times 
to  defend  the  rights  of  the  people  as  he  Avas  to  make  evident  his  oppo- 
sition to  ill-advised  policies  and  equivocal  methods.  He  served  on 
many  important  committees  of  the  council  and  his  record  as  a  public 
officer  is  Avithout  a  shadoAv  or  a  blot.  He  Avas  a  staunch  friend  of 
the  late  Captain  Pabst,  and  Avas  interested  in  several  enterprises 
controlled  by  that  representative  and  honored  citizen. 

Mr.  McCoy  continued  his  cafe  bvisiness  from  1876  to  1906,  and  his 
establishment  became  virtuallj'  as  well  and  favorably  knoAvn  to  the 
general  public  as  Avas  the  name  of  the  city  itself.  His  success  has 
been  Avon  through  his  OAvn  well  directed  endeavors.  He  has  made 
many  and  important  investments  in  Mihvaukee  real  estate.  A  numl)er 
of  years  ago  he  sold  eighty  feet  of  frontage  on  West  Water  Street, 
receiving  therefor  the  highest  price  paid  for  frontage  up  to  that  time. 

In  September,  1912,  Mr.  McCoy  made  a  very  important  investment 
AA'hen  he  purchased  the  fine  Hotel  Charlotte  property  at  138  Third 
Street  in  the  very  heart  of  the  business  district  of  Milwaukee.  This 
atU-active  and  essentially  modern  building  is  the  only  re-inforced 
concrete  and  absolutelj'  fire-proof  hotel  structure  in  Mihvaukee,  and 
the  hotel  is  conducted  by  the  Randolph  Brothers  Hotel  Company. 

In  connection  Avith  political  actiAdties,  Mr.  McCoy  has  been  a  dele- 
gate to  various  conventions  of  his  party  including  the  national  conven- 
tion Avhich  nominated  Judge  Parker  for  the  presidency  and  the  Wiscon- 


1602  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

sin  State  Democratic  Couveiition  which  nominated  George  W.  Peck 
for  governor.  As  a  citizen  he  has  shown  himself  most  public  spirited 
and  progressive  and  his  appreciation  of  the  opportunities  and  advan- 
tages which  have  enabled  him  to  achieve  large  success  in  his  present 
business  in  Milwaukee  has  been  shown  in  his  enterprise  along  lines 
that  have  conserved  the  material  advantages  of  the  city.  He  has 
erected  several  dwelling  houses  and  apartment  buildings,  and  is  still 
actively  engaged  in  the  buying  and  selling  of  real  estate,  in  which 
line  his  operations  have  been  of  broad  scope.  He  erected  what  is  now 
called  the  City  Building,  in  which  are  kept  the  various  municipal 
supplies.  He  built  this  structure  in  1905,  and  had  a  garage  there  until 
1907,  when  he  sold  the  property  to  the  city.  The  building  was  orig- 
inally known  as  the  McCoy  Building,  and  is  located  at  52-56  Biddle 
Street.  Mr.  McCoy  is  one  of  the  chief  stockholders  of  the  Prospect 
Hill  Land  Company. 

In  the  domain  of  practical  philanthropy  Mr.  McCoy  has  achieved 
no  work  of  greater  credit  and  benefit  than  that  involved  in  his  orig- 
inating the  plan  of  "the  penny  lunch"  for  the  school  children  of  his 
home  city.  This  provision  now  constitutes  one  of  the  most  worthy 
and  successful  benevolences  of  the  city  of  Milwaukee.  It  was  the  sub- 
ject of  an  extended  article  in  the  New  York  Tribune  of  March  10, 
1907.  These  lunches  are  served' in  the  Milwaukee  schools  for  the 
benefit  of  the  children  in  the  departments  of  the  first  to  the  fourth 
grade  inclusive.  Mr.  McCoy  inspired  this  innovation  while  a  member 
of  the  board  of  aldermen.  He  had  learned  from  his  Avife  that  their 
washer-woman  had  on  a  certain  occasion  asked  leave  of  absence  at 
the  noon-hour  and  had  stated  as  her  reason  that  she  had  forgotten  to 
leave  at  home  a  nickel  to  supply  her  children  with  a  loaf  of  bread  for 
dinner.  She  said  also  that  the  children  had  gone  to  school  without  any 
breakfast  and  that  the  loaf  of  bread  Avould  constitute  their  noon- 
meal.  It  is  needless  to  say  that  I\Irs.  McCoy  provided  a  good  dinner 
for  the  children,  and  dispatched  the  same  by  the  mother,  and  when, 
with  gentle  sympathy,  she  related  the  incident  to  her  husband,  his 
heart  likewise  Avas  touched,  and  he  began  to  giA'e  the  matter  close 
thought,  Avitli  a  vieAV  to  devising  Avays  and  means  to  ameliorate  such 
deplorable  conditions.  He  later  learned  that  in  a  local  department 
store  a  little  cash  girl  had  fainted  from  hunger  and  after  these  hap- 
penings he  publicly  declared  his  conviction  that  hundreds  of  children 
Avent  to  the  piiblic  schools  Avitli  insufficient  breakfasts.  He  urged  the 
need  of  investigation  and  contributed  to  a  fund  Avhich  started  Avhat  is 
now  knoAA^n  as  the  "penny  lunch,''  a  system  AA^hich  has  spread  through 
all  parts  of  the  United  States  and  even  to  Europe.  Mr.  McCoy  also 
promised  contributions  to  the  fund  if  some  Avomen's  club  or  other 
responsible  organization  Avould  assume  the  administration  of  the  money. 
A  sufficient  sum  Avas  pledged  before  definite  plans  for  its  use  Avere 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1603 

formulated.  Then  the  Woman 's  School  Alliance  of  Milwaukee  became 
interested  in  the  project,  with  its  membership  of  influential  women 
from  all  parts  of  the  city.  This  noble  organization  of  women  has  been 
instrumental  in  effecting  many  reforms  in  public  schools,  and  foremost 
among  the  original  devoted  Avorkers  of  the  cause  were  Mesdames  W.  H. 
Halsey,  C.  B.  Whitnall,  W.  Farnham,  W.  K.  Downey,  J.  P.  Miley  and 
H.  Sullivan,  of  the  School  Alliance,  and  Mrs.  McCoy,  who  became  a  most 
zealous  worker  and  generous  contributor.  The  Milwaukee  schools  were 
the  first  in  which  were  served  such  lunches  to  children,  the  food  pro- 
vided being  excellent  though  simple,  and  the  expense  to  the  child 
being  only  the  nominal  sum  of  one  penny.  The  women  who  assumed 
charge  of  the  penny-lunch  fund  were  convinced  that  to  serve  free 
lunches  would  but  tend  to  encourage  negligence  on  the  part  of  those  to 
be  aided.  The  service  costs  more  than  is  received  (at  the  low  rate  of 
compensation,  but  is  working  most  admirably,  and  the  children  show 
an  appreciation  of  the  plan.  The  service  was  first  inaugurated  in  the 
city  school  for  the  deaf.  Soon  after  the  system  was  established  there 
came  the  problem  of  caring  for  the  children  who  were  unable  to  buy 
■even  a  penny  lunch.  In  these  cases,  under  an  absolute  rule  of  secrecy 
the  children  are  provided  with  tickets,  the  child  being  allowed  to  sup- 
pose that  its  lunch  Avas  being  paid  for  in  the  usual  way.  In  many  in- 
stances it  has  been  shown  that  the  supposedly  dull  children  were  not 
dull  but  hungry,  and  the  serving  of  the  lunches  has  been  folloAved  by 
greatly  improved  class  Avork  in  the  schools,  this  being  a  great  argument 
in  favor  of  the  noble  work.  The  serving  of  the  lunches  has  also  proved 
the  means  of  giving  employment  to  Avomen  in  the  neighborhood  of 
the  various  schools  and  thus  the  benefits  of  the  service  are  e\'en  further 
extended.  The  success  and  value  of  this  philanthropy  as  shoAA-n  by  the 
pioneer  efforts  in  Milwaukee  brought  about  a  general  aAvakening  to 
the  importance  of  the  matter,  and  today  many  of  the  leading  cities 
throughout  the  counti-y  have  adopted  similar  plans. 

Mr.  McCoy  was  a  member  of  the  council  committee  that  first  rec- 
ommended the  abolishing  of  horse-cars  on  the  street  railways  of 
MilAvaukee,  and  the  substitution  of  electric  service.  He  Avas  also  a 
member  of  the  committee  that  investigated  electric  plants  and  railways 
in  various  cities,  and  Avas  chairman  of  the  railway  committee  of  the 
council.  He  thus  exerted  marked  influence  in  gaining  to  Mihvaukee 
the  facilities  and  service  noAv  represented  in  its  excellent  system  of 
street  railways.  He  is  president  of  the  McCoy-Nolan  Heater  and 
Supply  company,  engaged  in  the  handling  of  general  supplies  at  whole- 
sale and  retail.  He  is  vice  president  of  the  Thomas  E.  Hoye  Heating 
Company,  besides  being  a  director  in  several  land  companies.  He  is 
affiliated  with  AVisconsin  Lodge,  No.  1,  Knights  of  Pythias,  and  Mil- 
Avaukee Conclave,  No.  243,  Order  of  Heptasophs.  ]\Ir.  McCoy  Avas  the 
first  initiate  in  the  Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin. 


16U4  HISTORY  OF  AVISCONSIN 

Both  he  and  his  wife  are  communicants  of  the  Catholic  church,  being 
members  of  the  parish  of  Sts.  Peter  &  Paul. 

On  the  fifteenth  of  May,  1886,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr. 
McCoy  to  Miss  Julia  Teagan,  who  was  born  and  reared  in  Milwaukee, 
and  whose  father,  the  late  Thomas  Teagan,  was  a  pioneer  citizen  of 
the  First  Ward.  Mrs.  McCoy  is  a  woman  of  the  most  kindly  and 
gracious  personality,  instant  in  good  works  and  generous  of  spirit,  and 
in  her  native  city  her  circle  of  friends  is  limited  only  by  that  of  her 
acquaintances.  IMr.  and  Mrs.  McCoy  have  four  sons,  namely :  John  R., 
was  graduated  in  St.  John's  Military  Academy  at  Delafield,  Wisconsin, 
in  which  school  he  held  the  commission  as  lieutenant,  and  is  now  man- 
ager of  the  McCoy-Nolan  Heating  &  Supply  JCompany,  of  which  his 
father  is  president;  Ross  A.,  who  finished  the  work  of  the  public 
schools  of  the  Eighteenth  Ward,  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  McCoy  & 
Thompson,  conducting  a  first-class  automobile  garage  and  sales  room 
at  Seymour,  Indiana ;  George  N.,  Avho  was  a  student  of  the  Marquette 
University  of  Milwaukee,  is  now  a  member  of  the  class  of  1915  in  the 
law  department  of  Notre  Dame  University  at  South  Bend,  Indiana ; 
and  James  A.,  is  a  student  in  the  public  schools  of  Milwaukee. 

John  P.  Davies,  president  of  the  Racine  Malleable  &  AVrought  Iron 
Company,  was  one  of  the  popular,  enterprising  and  pulilie-spirited  men 
of  the  city  of  Racine.  His  birth  occurred  January  31,  1853,  in  Racine, 
but  his  parents,  William  and  Ann  (Pugh)  Davies,  were  natives  of  Wales. 

William  Davies  was  a  locomotive  engineer  in  his  native  country,  and 
on  coming,  to  America  located  in  Racine,  Wisconsin,  where  he  followed 
stationary  engineering  for  several  years  in  the  lumber  mills.  He  then 
entered  the  employ  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad  Com- 
pany, in  the  shops  at  Racine,  and  there  continued  until  his  death,  which 
occurred  in  1872.  He  married  Ann  Pugh,  who  survived  him  until 
April  2,  1901,  passing  away  aged  seventy-one  years.  She  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Welsh  Congregational  Church.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Davies  had 
six  children  born  to  them,  of  whom  there  are  now  living,  namely :  John 
P.^  of  Racine ;  Elizabeth,  the  wife  of  T.  M.  Jones,  of  Racine ;  and  Grace, 
the  wife  of  W.  11.  Rothermel,  of  Chicago. 

John  P.  Davies  was  reared  in  Racine,  and  attended  the  public  and 
high  schools.  He  began  learning  telegraphy  when  about  sixteen  years 
of  age  in  the  Western  Union  Telegraph  office  at  Racine,  and  the  first 
office  of  which  he  had  charge  was  in  that  city.  He  then  worked  one 
year  in  Chicago,  and  six  months  in  Oshkosh,  at  the  end  of  that  time 
entering  the  employ  of  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railroad  Company, 
for  which  he  was  the  operator  and  ticket  clerk  at  the  Racine  depot  for 
several  years.  He  then  purchased  an  interest  in  the  Jansen  ]\Ianufac- 
turing  Company,  and  became  one  of  the  organizers,  secretary  and  trea- 
surer of  the   company,   which   was  later  reorganized,   the  name  being 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1605 

changed  to  the  Racine  Malleable  &  Wrought  Iron  Company;  as  such  it 
has  continued  since.  Mr.  Davies  was  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the 
company  for  a  few  years,  and  then  was  elected  president  and  general 
manager.  About  325  people  are  employed  in  the  plant,  where  all  kinds 
of  saddler}^  hardware  and  special  castings  are  manufactured.  The  es- 
tablishment was  destroyed  by  fire  July  13,  1898,  at  which  time  it  was 
located  ou  IMihvaukee  Avenue  and  West  street.  In  this  conflagration 
Mr.  Davies  personally  lost  $75,000  in  about  thirty  minutes.  The  com- 
pany chose  a  new  location,  Twenty-first  and  Clark  streets,  known  as 
Lakeside,  and  at  once  rebuilt  the  works.  In  the  new  plant  there  are  six 
large  buildings  and  several  smaller  ones,  built  of  brick,  on  modern  plans. 
Mr.  Davies  was  also  president  of  the  Reliance  Iron  &  Engine  Company, 
which  is  one  of  the  new  industries  of  Racine,  for  the  manufacture  of 
gas  and  gasoline  engines  and  castings  of  all  kinds. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Davies  was  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason,  belonging 
to  Racine  Lodge,  No.  18,  F.  &  A.  M. ;  Orient  Chapter  No.  12,  R.  A.  M. ; 
Racine  Commandery,  No.  7,  K.  T.,  of  which  he  was  a  past  commander, 
and  Tripoli  Temple,  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  Politically  he  was 
a  Republican,  and  served  as  police  commissioner  one  term,  and  as  a 
member  of  the  board  of  education  for  the  same  length  of  time. 

Ou  May  12,  1884,  Mr.  Davies  married  Miss  Cora  A.  Crane,  daughter 
of  Mrs.  Jennie  (Burch)  Crane,  and  she  died  eleven  months  after  mar- 
riage, of  typhoid  fever.  Mr.  Davies  married  September  17,  1889,  Miss 
Lillie  E.  Case,  daughter  of  DeWayne  and  Eliza  (Greenhow)  Case, 
and  to  this  union  have  been  born  four  children:  John  P.,  Jr.,  Anna 
E.,  and  Frank  Case  and  Clinton  William  twins.  The  family  reside 
at  No.  744  College  Avenue.  Mr.  Davies  was  genial  and  affable  and 
possessed  a  kind  heart.  Domestic  in  his  tastes  and  habits,  he  loved 
his  home,  and  it  was  there  he  was  to  be  found  after  a  busy  day  at  his 
office.     John  P.  Davies  died  December  11,  1911. 

Judge  H.  F.  Steele,  county  judge  of  Oneida  countj^,  Wisconsin, 
with  office  and  residence  at  Rhinelander,  in  Oneida  county,  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  judgeship  in  1912  to  fill  an  unexpired  term  caused 
by  the  death  of  the  late  Judge  Levi  J.  Billings.  In  the  spring  of  1913 
Judge  Steele  was  elected  to  the  office  for  the  full  term  of  six  years. 
Judge  Steele  has  been  a  resident  of  Rhinelander,  Wisconsin,  since  the 
autumn  of  1905.  He  was  born  at  Eldorado,  near  Fond  du  Lac,  Wiscon- 
sin, on  February  28,  1878,  and  is  a  son  of  John  F.  and  Charlotte  M. 
(Holliday)  Steele. 

Both  parents  of  Judge  Steele  are  now  deceased,  the  father  having 
died  in  1902,  while  the  mother  passed  away  in  1880,  when  their  son 
was  yet  a  mere  infant.  The  father  came  to  Wisconsin,  from  Oneida 
county.  New  York,  in  1848,  and  he  took  up  a  homestead  in  Fond  du  Lac 
eount}%  where  he  settled  and  where  he  spent  many  years  of  his  life.     His 


1606  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

wife  was  a  native  daughter  of  the  county,  whose  parents  were  prom- 
inently numbered  among  the  very  earliest  pioneers  to  that  Section  of  the 
state.  H.  F.  Steele  was  reared  on  his  father's  farm,  until  the  age  of 
twelve,  attending  the  public  schools,  and  at  that  age  he  undertook  pre- 
paratory work  at  a  school  in  Ripon,  Wisconsin,  from  which  he  later 
graduated.  Judge  Steele  made  possible  his  college  career  mainly  through 
his  own  exertions,  his  father  being  unable  to  finance  his  educational 
affairs.  He  earned  the  money  to  carry  on  his  studies  by  acting  as  a 
telegraph  operator  in  the  general  offices  of  the  Northwestern  Lines  at 
various  points  throughout  Wisconsin,  Iowa  and  the  Upper  Peninsula 
of  Michigan,  and  he  saved  most  assiduously  during  those  years  for  the 
furtherance  of  his  education.  His  literary  course  was  followed  by  his 
entering  the  law  department  of  Michigan  University,  at  Ann  Arbor,  and 
4ie  was  graduated  from  there  in  1905.  In  October  of  the  same  year  he 
came  to  Rhinelander  and  was  soon  thereafter  appointed  City  Attorney 
of  that  place,  an  office  in  which  he  continued  until  his  appointment  to 
the  post  of  county  judge  made  his  resignation  incumbent  upon  him. 

Judge  Steele  was  married  in  1906  to  Miss  May  Gordinier,  of  Wau- 
paca, Wisconsin,  a  daughter  of  C.  S.  Gordinier.  One  child  shares  their 
home — Charles  Steele. 

Judge  Steele  is  president  of  the  Rhinelander  Library  Board,  and  is 
a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

Rev.  WiLbiAM  W.  Perry.  The  year  1913  marks  the  centennial  anni- 
versary of  the  winning  of  the  historic  naval  victory  on  Lake  Erie  by 
Commodore  Perry,  in  connection  with  the  War  of  1812,  and  he  whose 
name  initiates  this  paragraph  can  not  but  take  especial  interest  in  the 
celebration  of  that  important  event  in  American  history,  by  reason  of 
the  fact  that  he  is  probably  of  the  line  from  which  descended  the  great 
commander  of  the  American  naval  forces  in  the  memorable  conflict 
mentioned.  Mr.  Perry  is  a  native  son  of  Wisconsin,  is  a  man  of  high 
intellectual  attainments,  has  labored  long  and  with  all  of  consecrated 
zeal  as  a  clergyman  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  is  one  of  the  most  dis- 
tinguished figures  in  the  Wisconsin  contingent  of  the  time-honored 
Masonic  fraternity,  and  is  the  present  associate  pastor  of  the  Berean 
Presbyterian  church  in  his  native  city.  A  man  of  most  gracious  per- 
sonality, he  is  widely  known  through  his  services  as  a  clergyman  and 
his  conspicuous  identification  with  Masonic  affairs,  and  it  may  be  con- 
sistently said  that  his  circle  of  friends  is  coincident  with  that  of  his 
acquaintances.  He  is  the  scion  of  one  of  the  honored  pioneer  families 
of  Wisconsin,  and,  as  already  intimated,  bears  a  n^me  that  has  been 
significantly  distinguished  in  the  history  of  the  nation. 

Rev.  William  Watson  Perry  was  born  in  the  city  of  Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin,  on  the  28th  of  July,  1853,  and  is  a  son  of  James  and  Ellen 
(Smith)  Perry,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Manchester  Decern- 


^r^oCUji^.i^ ,  -^v2^:^feV7G  .  C^i^t^u^ 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1607 

ber  23,  1804,  and  the  latter  in  Burnley,  Lancashire,  England,  on  the 
22nd  of  April,  1813.  James  Perry  came  to  Wisconsin  in  the  year  1848, 
the  year  that  marked  the  admission  of  the  state  to  the  Union,  and  he 
became  associated  with  the  pioneer  lumbering  firm  of  Benjamin  Bag- 
nell  &  Company,  in  Milwaukee,  in  which  city  he  continued  to  main- 
tain his  home  until  1855,  at  which  time  on  accomit  of  ill  health  he 
removed  to  a  farm  midway  between  North  Prairie  and  Eagle,  Wau- 
kesha county.  His  death  occurred  on  the  30th  day  of  November,  1864, 
at  that  place.  He  united  with  the  Republican  party  at  the  time  of 
its  organization  and  only  a  short  time  prior  to  his  death  he  cast  his 
vote  in  support  of  the  party's  presidential  candidate,  Abraham  Lin- 
coln, on  the  occasion  of  Mr.  Lincoln's  second  nomination.  Mrs.  Perry 
survived  her  honored  husband  by  more  than  a  score  of  years  and  was 
summoned  to  her  last  home  at  North  Prairie,  in  Waukesha  county, 
Wisconsin,  on  the  19th  day  of  January,  1885.  She  was  one  of  the  ven- 
erable pioneer  women  of  Wisconsin  at  the  time  of  her  death,  and  her 
memory  is  revered  by  all  who  came  within  the  compass  of  h.er  gentle 
and  gracious  influence. 

In  the  district  schools  of  Waukesha  county,  Wisconsin,  William  W. 
Perry  gained  his  rudimentary  education,  and  this  Avas  supplemented 
by  a  course  in  the  Ohio  State  College,  near  the  city  of  Columbus,  in 
which  institution  he  was  graduated  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1875. 
In  that  year  Mr.  Perry  was  ordained  a  minister  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  the  ceremony  of  ordination  having  taken  place  and  been 
affirmed  in  the  city  of  La  Crosse,  Wisconsin.  The  major  part  of  his 
work  in  the  ministry  has  been  in  his  native  state,  and  he  has  held 
various  pastoral  charges,  including  several  of  important  order,  the 
while  he  has  long  been  known  as  a  specially  strong  pulpit  orator  and 
as  a  man  whose  every  utterance  bears  the  mai'k  of  earnest  conviction 
and  the  utmost  sincerity.  He  has  been  successful  in  his  pastoral  work 
in  each  of  his  charges,  has  gained  and  retained  the  affectionate  regard 
of  those  to  whom  he  has  thus  ministered,  and  has  consecrated  his  full 
powers  to  the  aiding  and  uplifting  of  his  fellow  men  and  furthering 
the  work  of  the  church  militant.  He  has  maintained  his  home  in  Mil- 
waukee, his  native  city,  since  1898,  and  held  the  pastoral  charge  of 
Westminster  Mission,  at  3095  North  Pierce  Place,  for  six  years.  He 
is  now  associate  pastor  of  Berean  Presbyterian  church,  on  the  South 
Side  of  Milwaukee. 

Mr.  Perry  has  been  a  deep  and  appreciative  student  of  the  history 
and  teachings  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  and  has  long  been  a  promi- 
nent figure  in  its  val'ious  bodies.  He  received  the  Honorary  thirty- 
third  degree,  in  the  Ancient  Accepted  Scottish  Rite  in  Boston,  Mass., 
September  20th,  1904,  and  was  crowned  an  active  member  of  the 
Supreme  Council  of  Northern  Jurisdiction  September  23rd,  1909. 

On  the  24th  of  July,  1876,  ]\Ir.  Perrv  was  raised  to  the  .sublime 


1608  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

degree  of  Master  Mason,  in  Lake  Lodge,  No.  1S9,  Free  &  Accepted 
Masons,  in  Milwaukee,  and  later  he  received  the  capitular  degrees  in 
Waukesha  Chapter,  No.  37,  Royal  Arch  Masons,  at  Waukesha,  this 
state,  where  he  also  received  the  cryptic  degrees,  in  Waukesha  Coun- 
cil, Royal  and  Select  Masters.  At  Reedsburg,  this  state,  he  completed 
the  circle  of  the  York  Rite,  by  receiving  the  chivalric  degrees  in  St. 
John  Commandery,  No.  21,  Knights  Templar.  He  affiliated  with  Madi- 
son Lodge,  No.  5,  Madison  Chapter,  No.  4,  and  Robert  Macoy  Com- 
mandery. In  1889  Mr.  Perry  received  the  degrees  of  the  various 
bodies  of  the  Ancient  Accepted  Scottish  Rite,  up  to  and  including  the 
thirty-second  degree,  and  he  was  thus  crowned  a  Sublime  Prince  of 
the  Royal  Secret  in  Wisconsin  Sovereign  Consistory,  A.  A.  S.  R.  His 
present  ancient-craft  affiliation  is  with  Damascus  Lodge,  No.  290,  in 
Milwaukee,  and  here  he  is  also  affiliated  with  Tripoli  Temple  of  the 
Ancient  Arabic  Order,  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  has  been 
most  zealous  and  active  in  every  Masonic  body  with  which  he  has  been 
or  now  is  affiliated,  and  he  has  served  with  distinction  in  many  official 
posts  of  high  order.  He  has  been  Worshipful  Master  of  the  Blue 
Lodge  fourteen  years,  High  Priest  of  the  Chapter,  Thrice  Illustrious 
Master  of  the  Council,  and  Eminent  Commander  of  the  Commandery, 
in  which  bodies  he  has  passed  the  other  official  chairs,  and  he  has  held 
preferment  in  the  Scottish  Rite  bodies  also.  At  the  time  when  New- 
.ton  M.  Littlejohn  was  Grand  Master  of  the  Grand  Lodge  of  Free  & 
Accepted  Masons,  Wisconsin,  Mr.  Perry  held  the  position  of  Senior 
Deacon,  later  he  served  as  Senior  Grand  Warden.  In  1894  he  was 
made  Deputy  Grand  Master  of  the  Grand  Lodge,  and  at  the  next 
annual  assembly  of  the  body  he  was  chosen  Most  Worshipful  Grand 
Master.  He  has  been  for  many  years  the  representative  of  the  grand 
lodge  of  Minnesota  near  the  Grand  Lodge  of  Wisconsin.  In  1898  Mr. 
Perry  was  elected  most  Illustrious  Grand  Master  of  the  Grand  Coun- 
cil Royal  &  Select  Masters,  and  his  term  in  this  office  expired  in  1900. 
In  September,  1900,  Mr.  Perry  was  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Masonic 
Grand  Bodies  in  Wisconsin,  with  the  exception  of  the  Consistory,  A. 
A.  S.  R.,  to  succeed  the  late  John  W.  Laflin,  who  died  August  30,  1900, 
and  in  that  responsible  and  exacting  office  he  has  since  continued  the 
able  and  honored  incumbent,  its  duties  demanding  the  major  part  of 
his  time  and  attention.  He  has  offices  in  the  Masonic  Building  in 
Milwaukee,  and  he  is  earnest  and  indefatigable  in  the  administration 
of  his  official  affairs,  which  he  handles  with  marked  discrimination 
and  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  his  Masonic  brethren.  In  politics  he 
is  a  stanch  advocate  of  the  principles  and  policies  for  which  the  Repub- 
lican party  has  stood  sponsor  in  a  basic  way,  and  he  is  loyal,  progres- 
sive and  public-spirited  in  his  civic  attitude  at  all  times. 

On  the   19th   of  August,   1879,   Mr.   Perry  was   married  to  Miss 
Emma  Goodwin  La  Barre,  a  daughter  of  Darius  W.  and  Ann  (Stark) 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1609 

La  Barre,  who  were  at  that  time  residents  of  Mukwonago,  Waukesha 
county,  Wisconsin.  Mrs.  Perry  was  born  in  Ithaca,  New  York,  and 
reared  in  Mulnvonago,  Wisconsin,  where  her  parents  still  reside.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Perry  have  five  children,  namelj' :  Jessie  Ellen,  now  Mrs. 
Thomas  Scott,  of  Milwaukee ;  Ralph  Emerson,  of  Milwaukee ;  asso- 
ciated with  the  North  Western  Life  Insurance  Company;  Paye  M., 
the  wife  of  H.  R.  Ricker,  of  Milwaukee ;  Helen  M.,  now  Mrs.  W.  L. 
Strickler,  of  Meridian,  Mississippi ;  and  Ruth  J.,  at  home  with  her 
parents. 

Charles  W.  Folds.  One  of  the  native  sons  of  Wisconsin  who  has 
become  distinctly  a  man  of  aifairs  and  a  broad-gauged,  liberal  and 
public-spirited  citizen  of  Chicago,  the  great  western  metropolis,  is  Mr. 
Folds,  who  is  there  resident  partner  of  the  stanch  and  representative 
firm  of  Hathaway,  Smith,  Folds  &  Company,  bankers  and  brokers  of 
commercial  paper.  The  firm  is  one  of  the  important  concerns  in  the 
field  of  enterprise  and  its  Chicago  offices  are  located  at  137  South  La- 
Salle  street.  In  according  in  this  volume  merited  recognition  to  'Mr. 
Folds,  as  a  representative  of  Wisconsin,  it  is  not  necessary  to  enter  into 
details  concerning  his  large  business  activities  in  Chicago,  but  a  brief 
record  of  his  career  will  prove  of  enduring  interest  to  the  people  of  the 
state  in  which  he  was  born  and  reared  and  in  which  he  laid  the  substan- 
tial foundation  for  his  large  and  definite  success  as  a  business  man. 

Charles  Weston  Folds  was  born  in  the  city  of  Oshkosh,  judicial  cen- 
ter of  Winnebago  county,  Wisconsin,  and  the  date  of  his  nativity  was 
August  23,  1870.  He  is  a  son  of  William  B.  and  Mary  D.  (Jenkins) 
Folds,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Dublin,  Ireland,  on  the  6th  of 
September,  1832,  and  the  latter  of  whom  was  born  at  Bangor,  IMaine, 
in  1844,  their  marriage  having  been  solemnized  at  Oshkosh,  Wisconsin. 
Of  the  four  children.  Charlotte  Elizabeth  is  the  eldest  and  is  living; 
George  R.  and  Charles  W.  were  twins,  the  former  living  in  Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania;  William  Lawrence,  the  youngest,  died  July  31,  1900. 

William  B.  Folds  was  afi'orded  excellent  educational  advantages  in 
his  native  city,  where  he  learned  the  printer's  trade  in  the  office  of  his 
father,  who  was  a  representative  publisher  in  the  city  of  Dublin  and 
who  had  the  distinction  of  introducing  the  first  printing  press  of  the 
modern  type  in  Ireland.  William  B.  Folds  was  about  sixteen  years  of 
age  Avhen  he  severed  the  ties  that  bound  him  to  home  and  native  land  and 
set  forth  to  seek  his  fortunes  in  ^^merica.  He  emigrated  from  Ireland 
in  1847,  made  the  voyage  on  a  sailing  vessel,  and  landed  in  the  port  of 
New  York  city.  He  made  his  way  westward  via  Erie  Canal  and  the 
lakes  to  Racine,  Wisconsin,  and  settled  finally  on  the  shores  of  beautiful 
Lake  Geneva,  in  Walworth  county,  Wisconsin.  After  there  devoting 
his  attention  to  agricultural  pursuits  for  a  brief  inteiwal  he  again 
identified  himself  with  urban  business  activities.     He  assumed  the  posi- 


1610  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

tioii  of  reporter  and  compositor  in  the  office  of  the  ^lilwaukee  Sentinel, 
and  he  proved  an  effective  and  popular  representative  of  American 
journalism.  Later  he  entered  the  employ  of  McKey  Brothers,  of  Janes- 
ville,  this  state,  where  the  firm  had  its  headquarters,  besides  which  it 
conducted  also  dry-goods  stores  in  Madison  and  Oshkosh.  Mr.  Folds 
proved  an  alert  and  capable  factor  in  connection  with  this  mercantile 
enterprise  and  became  a  member  of  the  firm.  Finally  he  purchased  the 
business  in  Oshkosh  and  retired  from  partnership.  He  continued  as 
one  of  the  honored  and  representative  merchants  of  Oshkosh  until  1874, 
and  in  1876  he  removed  to  Minneapolis,  Minnesota,  where  he  conducted  a 
successful  enterprise  as  a  retail  dealer  in  carpets  for  a  number  of  years, 
within  which  he  became  the  owner  of  a  large  and  well  equipped  store. 
In  1892  he  retired  from  active  business,  and  since  that  time  he  has  in- 
dulged himself  in  extensive  travel,  both  abroad  and  in  the  Ignited  States. 
He  is  a  man  of  strong  and  noble  character,  has  achieved  independence 
and  definite  prosperity  through  his  own  ability  and  efforts,  and  com- 
mands a  secure  place  in  the  confidence  and  esteem  of  all  who  know  him. 
He  is  a  stanch  Republican  and  both  he  and  his  wife  are  zealous  communi- 
cants of  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church.  They  now  maintain  their 
home  in  the  city  of  Evanston,  one  of  the  most  beautiful  suburbs  of 
Chicago. 

Captain  James  Jenkins,  maternal  grandfather  of  him  whose  name 
initiates  this  review,  was  born  at  Falmouth,  Barnstable  county,  Massa- 
chusetts, and  was  a  scion  of  one  of  the  sterling  colonial  families  of  the 
old  Baj'  state,  representative  of  the  name  having  been  valiant  soldiers 
of  the  Continental  line  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution.  In  his  youth  he 
followed  a  seafaring  life  and  rose  to  the  position  of  captain  in  com- 
mand of  a  vessel.  Later  he  was  engaged  in  the  lumber  business  at 
Bangor,  Maine,  and  in  the  early  '50s  he  came  to  Wisconsin  and  estab- 
lished his  residence  in  Oshkosh.  He  engaged  with  the  Bradley  interests 
of  Milwaukee  and  became  one  of  the  prominent  and  influential  repre- 
sentatives of  the  lumber  industry  in  this  state.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
mayors  of  Oshkosh  and  was  a  prominent  and  honored  resident  of  that 
city  at  the  time  of  his  death,  in  1886. 

Charles  W.  Folds  was  about  six  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  the  family 
removal  from  Oshkosh  to  Minneapolis,  IMinuesota,  and  in  the  latter  city 
he  continued  to  attend  the  public  schools  until  he  had  completed  the 
curriculum  of  the  high  school.  Thereafter  he  entered  the  University  of 
Minnesota,  and  in  1889,  at  the  age  of  nineteen  years,  he  obtained  a  cleri 
cal  position  in  the  Northwestern  National  Bank  of  ^Minneapolis.  Through 
energy  and  effective  service  he  won  promotion  through  the  various  de- 
partments and  finally  became  cashier  of  the  institution.  His  entire 
active  career  has  been  one  of  close  and  successful  identification  with 
financial  affairs  of  broad  scope,  and  his  executive  and  administrative 
powers  have  been  matured  through  his  practical  experience.     In  1899 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1611 

Mr.  Folds  removed  to  the  city  of  Chicago,  where  he  associated  himself 
with  the  firm  of  Charles  Hathaway  &  Company,  and  here  he  found  ex- 
cellent opportunities  for  advancement  and  success  in  his  chosen  field  of 
endeavor.  In  1905  he  became  a  member  of  the  firm,  under  the  title  of 
Hathaway,  Smith,  Folds  &  Company,  and  he  has  gained  secure  prestige 
as  one  of  the  discriminating,  reliable  and  representative  financiers  of 
Chicago. 

Mr.  Folds  is  essentially  progressive  and  liberal  as  a  citizen,  is  a 
stanch  supporter  of  the  cause  of  the  Republican  party,  and  both  he  and 
his  wife  are  zealous  communicants  of  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church 
in  which  he  is  a  member  of  the  vestry  of  St.  James  parish,  Chicago. 
He  is  chairman  of  the  finance  committee  of  the  board  of  trustees  of 
the  endowment  fund  of  the  Episcopal  diocese  of  Chicago,  and  is  other- 
wise influential  in  religious,  educational  and  charitable  work.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Church  Club  of  Chicago,  of  which  he  is  a  director,  and 
of  which  he  was  chosen  president  in  1911 ;  is  chairman  of  Finance 
Committee  United  Charities  of  Chicago;  is  a  member  of  the  board  of 
trustees  of  the  Chicago  Home  for  Boys ;  is  a  member  of  the  commission 
on  young  men  and  boys  of  foreign  parentage,  an  adjunct  of  the  Chicago 
Young  Men's  Christian  Association,  in  which  he  is  a  member  of  the  advis- 
ory board  of  managers,  besides  being  trustee  of  the  Immigrants '  Protect- 
ive League  of  Chicago,  and  vice-chairman  of  the  executive  committee  of 
the  Chicago  chapter  of  the  Boy  Scouts  of  America.  Mr.  Folds  is  a  direct- 
or of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Lake  Forest,  Illinois;  a  director  and 
member  of  finance  committee  of  the  Emerson-Brantingham  Company, 
of  Rockford,  Illinois ;  a  director  and  member  of  the  executive  committee 
of  the  Calumet  Insurance  Company,  of  Chicago ;  a  member  of  the  finance 
committee  of  the  Chicago  Association  of  Commerce ;  is  secretary  of  the 
North  Central  Improvement  Association  of  Chicago ;  and  a  member  of 
the  executive  board  of  the  Religious  Education  Association  in  his  home 
city.  Mr.  Folds  is  treasurer  of  the  Wisconsin  Society  of  Chicago,  where 
he  is  likewise  identified  with  the  Minnesota  Society,  the  Bankers'  Club, 
the  Chicago  Club,  the  Mid-Day  Club,  the  University  Club,  and  the  Union 
League  Club.  He  holds  membership  also  in  the  Union  League  Club  of 
New  Y^'ork  City  and  in  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  the  national  metrop- 
polis.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Glenview  Golf  Club,  at  Golf,  Illinois ;  the 
Onwentsia  Golf  Club,  of  Lake  Forest,  that  state;  the  Wausaukee  Club, 
of  Athelstane,  Wisconsin ;  the  Saganois  Club  (shooting)  of  Browning, 
Illinois ;  the  Minneapolis  Club,  at  Minneapolis,  jMinnesota ;  and  is  vice- 
president  of  the  Chicago  chapter  of  the  Sons  of  the  American  Revolu- 
tion. The  foregoing  statements  indicate  the  multiplicity  of  the  public, 
civic,  business  and  social  demands  placed  upon  Mr.  Folds  and  also  de- 
note his  prominence  and  popularity  in  connection  with  diversified  in- 
terests. 

On  the  24th  of  Mav,  1893,  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Folds 


1612  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

to  Miss  Florence  Symonds,  daughter  of  the  late  Henry  R.  Syniouds, 
who  was  long  a  prominent  and  honored  factor  in  connection  with  bank- 
ing operations  in  Chicago,  where  he  was  vice-president  of  the  First 
National  Bank  at  the  time  of  his  death.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Folds  have  four 
children^Weston  Symonds,  Elizabeth,  Florence  and  George. 

Byron  Towne  Gitford.  Among  Wisconsin  men  who  are  prominent 
in  Chicago  business  should  be  mentioned  Byron  T.  Giflford,  manager 
of  the  General  Engineering  Department  of  the  American  District 
Steam  Company,  with  offices  in  the  First  National  Bank  Building. 
Mr.  Gifford's  family  has  been  in  Wisconsin  for  over  sixty  years,  and 
identified  with  the  state  as  lawyers,  farmers,  in  business  and  public 
affair's. 

Byron  Towne  Gifford  was  born  at  the  little  station  known  as 
Gifford  in  Waukesha  county,  Wisconsin,  December  16,  1879,  a  son  of 
George  Pardon,  Jr.,  and  Carrie  Agnes  (Towne)  Gifford.  The  paternal 
grandparents  were  George  Pardon,  Sr.,  and  Eliza  Anna  Whittemore 
Gifford,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Massachusetts.  Grandfather 
Gifford  was  a  lawyer  and  publisher,  and  first  located  in  Milwaukee, 
after  his  removal  to  the  west,  and  for  a  number  of  years  w^as  engaged 
in  buying  land  in  Waukesha  county.  He  gave  to  the  old  Milwaukee 
and  Prairie  du  Chien  Railroad  Company,  now  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee 
&  St.  Paul  R.  R.,  the  land  on  which  was  built  the  railroad  station  of 
Gifford,  which  took  its  name  from  the  donor  of  the  land.  Dui'ing  the 
Civil  war  Grandfather  Gifford  did  much  to  promote  the  union  cause 
and  was  provost  marshal  of  his  district.  In  politics  he  Avas  a  Whig 
and  subsequently  a  Republican,  and  his  church  was  the  Episcopal. 
George  Pardon  Gifford,  Jr.,  the  father  was  born  at  Cambridgeport, 
Massachusetts,  March  20,  1848.  His  wife  was  born  at  Farmington, 
Vermont,  August  12,  1853.  Their  marriage  occurred  at  Fond  du  Lac, 
Wisconsin,  January  1,  1874,  and  of  their  two  children,  the  other  is 
Lovice  W.  George  Pardon  Gifford,  Jr.,  came  west  to  Wisconsin  with 
his  father  in  1852,  and  received  his  education  in  the  schools  of  Mil- 
waukee. When  the  war  came  on,  though  he  was  a  small  boj'  he  en- 
listed in  the  Fourth  Wisconsin  Regiment  of  Infantry  under  IMajor 
McArthur,  and  was  a  drummer  boy  of  the  regiment  until  it  was  called 
into  service.  His  father  then  forbade  him  to  continue  as  a  soldier, 
and  he  had  to  forego  his  ambition  for  a  military  career.  His  first 
regular  work  was  in  the  service  of  the  well  known  Milwaukee  packer, 
John  Plankinton.  The  firm  was  known  as  Plankinton  &  Armour, 
and  Mr.  Gifford  subsequently  became  identified  with  the  Armour 
Packing  Company  at  Chicago.  He  had  the  distinction  of  being  the 
first  traveling  salesman  for  that  now  vast  packing  corporation,  travel- 
ing out  of  Chicago,  and  selling  the  goods  of  Armour  &  Company,  over 
a  territory  extending  from  Maine  to  Denver,  Colorado,  and  from  New 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1618 

Orleans  to  Winnipeg,  Canada.  Later  he  was  appointed  to  the  task 
of  opening  branch  houses  for  the  Ai-mour  people  in  Michigan  and 
Wisconsin.  After  remaining  with  the  company  for  more  than  twenty 
years  he  left  and  engaged  in  the  hotel  business  at  Gifford  until  1905, 
in  which  year  he  bought  the  Avenue  Hotel  at  Madison.  This  is  one 
of  the  leading  hotels  of  the  Capital  city,  and  he  has  continued  a  suc- 
cessful landlord  in  that  hostelry  up  to  the  present  time.  In  politics 
he  is  a  Republican. 

Byron  T.  Gifford  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  Waukesha 
county,  attended  the  Oconomowoc  high  school,  and  was  graduated 
from  the  University  of  Wisconsin  in  the  class  of  1901.  During  the  next 
two  years  he  was  with  his  father  in  the  hotel  business,  but  then  moved 
to  a  larger  field  in  Chicago,  where  he  became  a  contracting  engineer 
with  the  firm  of  W.  H.  Schott.  In  1907  he  engaged  in  the  engineering 
business  under  the  name  of  Central  Station  Engineering  Company,  of 
Avhich  concern  he  was  vice  president.  In  1912  the  business  was  con- 
solidated with  the  Americail  District  Steam  Company  of  New  York, 
under  the  name  of  the  American  District  Steam  Company  of  Chicago. 
Since  that  time  Mr.  Gifford  has  been  manager  of  the  General  Engi- 
neering Department. 

Mr.  Gifford  is  one  of  the  well  known  engineers  of  the  middle  west. 
He  has  membership  in  the  American  Society  of  Mechanical  Engineers, 
the  American  Society  of  Heating  &  Ventilating  Engineers,  and  has 
numerous  social  and  fraternal  connections.  He  belongs  to  the  Beta 
Pheta  Pi  College  Fraternity,  the  Wisconsin  Society  of  Chicago,  Clinton 
Lodge,  No.  371,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  at  Sinkart,  Indiana,  and  Fairview 
Chapter,  No.  161,  R.  A.  M.,  of  Chicago.  In  politics  Mr.  Gifford  is  a 
Republican. 

On  December  12,  1906,  he  married  Miss  Anna  Louise  Rothrock, 
who  w^as  born  in  Adams  county,  Ohio. 

A.  E.  Weesner.  The  largest  and  oldest  insurance  agency  in  Oneida 
county  is  the  Barnes-Weesner  Agency,  insurance,  real  estate  and  loans, 
Avith  offices  in  Rhinelander.  The  business  is  chiefly  in  insurance  along 
the  lines  of  fire,  liability,  life,  plate  glass,  etc.  The  president  of  the 
company,  which  is  incorporated,  is  Mi\  A.  E.  Weesner,  who  has  back 
of  him  more  than  twenty  years  of  continuous  and  successful  experience 
in  insurance.  The  vice  president  of  the  concern  is  Hon.  John  Barnes, 
now  a  justice  of  the  Wisconsin  Supreme  Court.  Charles  B.  Peterson  is 
secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  company. 

Mr.  A.  E.  Weesner  has  been  associated  with  this  agency  since  1900, 
in  which  year  he  came  to  Rhinelander  from  Illinois,  and  bought  an 
interest  in  the  old  established  agency.  A.  E.  Weesner  was  born  in 
Wabash,  Indiana,  May  26,  1868,  a  son  of  Clark  W.  and  Anna  E.  Weesner, 
both  of  whom  still  live  in  Wabash,  Indiana.    Clark  W.  Weesner,  who  is 


1614  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

an  attorney  by  profession,  is  and  has  been  for  many  years,  one  of  the 
most  prominent  men  in  Wabash  county,  has  taken  an  active  part  in 
political  affairs,  and  is  one  of  the  citizens  who  are  always  looked  to  for 
their  influence  and  guidance  in  any  local  enterprise.  In  Wabash, 
A.  E.  Weesner  spent  his  youth,  attended  the  public  schools  of  the  city, 
and  Avas  a  student  in  Eastman's  business  college  at  Poughkeepsie, 
New  York,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1883  at  the  age  of  fifteen.  After 
that  he  returned  to  Wabash,  and  soon  became  interested  in  insurance, 
and  with  the  exception  of  about  twenty-seven  months,  spent  in  Chicago 
in  the  employ  of  the  Swift  Packing  Company,  has  been  continuously 
in  insurance  lines  since  1890. 

Mr.  Weesner  is  by  no  means  a  mere  insurance  broker.  He  is  a 
business  builder,  and  one  of  the  most  energetic  factors  in  local  business 
circles  of  Rhinelander.  He  is  vice  president  of  the  Edmonds  Land 
Company  of  Rhinelander,  a  company  which  owns  large  timber  hold- 
ings throughout  the  state  of  Oregon.  He  is  also  a  director  in  the  First 
National  Bank  of  Rhinelander. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Weesner  has  taken  thirty-two  degrees  of  Scottish 
Rite  Masonry,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Mystic  Shrine,  and  his  social 
relations  also  include  membership  in  the  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  Elks.  He  is  a  director  in  the  Rhinelander  Building  &  Loan 
Association.    Mr.  Weesner  married  Mary  L.  Wiley. 

Albert  H.  Schram.  With  the  patience  and  determination  of  his 
German  forbears,  Albert  H.  Schram,  of  Merrill,  Wisconsin,  has  steadily 
worked  his  way  upward  until  today  he  is  one  of  the  leading  business 
men  of  Merrill  and  one  of  her  most  highly  respected  citizens.  He  began 
life  with  the  knowledge  of  a  trade  but  no  capital  and  his  success  is  due 
to  his  unaided  efforts.  The  combination  of  a  fine  business  ability  with 
thrift  and  integrity  have  brought  him  prosperity  and  his  strong  char- 
acter has  won  him  many  friends,  not  only  in  Merrill  but  elsewhere. 

Albert  H.  Schram  was  born  in  Milwaukee,  Wisconsin,  on  the  26th  of 
August,  1854,  the  son  of  Frederick  and  Adelaide  (Moeller)  Schram, 
both  of  whom  were  born  in  Germany.  Before  coming  to  America,  Fred- 
erick Schram  learned  the  blacksmith  trade  and  after  coming  to  this 
country  he  continued  to  follow  his  trade.  In  1856,  when  Albert  was 
two  years  old,  his  parents  moved  to  Sheboygan  Falls,  Sheboygan  county, 
Wisconsin.  Here  Mr.  Schram  opened  a  country  blacksmith  shop  and 
also  owned  and  operated  a  farm.  He  remained  here  until  a  few  years 
prior  to  his  death  when  he  moved  to  Plymouth,  in  the  same  county. 
Here  he  made  his  home  until  his  death  in  1879.  His  widow  is  still  living, 
having  reached  the  venerable  age  of  eighty-eight. 

Albert  H.  Schram  was  reared  on  his  father's  farm,  near  Sheboygan 
Falls,  and  received  his  education  in  the  country  schools  of  this  vicinity. 
He  then  went  to  Baraboo,  Wisconsin,  where  he  learned  the  carriage  and 


c 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1615 

wood-working  trade.  He  remained  in  Baraboo  for  three  years  and  then 
removed  to  Sheboygan  Falls,  Wisconsin.  He  worked  at  his  trade  here 
for  a  year  and  a  half  and  then,  in  1875,  moved  to  Plymouth,  in  She- 
boygan county,  Wisconsin.  Here  he  embarked  in  the  carriage  and 
wagon  making  business,  continuing  in  this  business  until  1888,  when  he 
sold  out  and  engaged  in  the  furniture  and  undertaking  business.  He 
conducted  this  business  successfully  until  the  fall  of  1906  when  he  sold 
out  and  for  two  years,  or  rather  until  the  spring  of  1908,  he  was  not 
engaged  in  business  of  any  kind. 

It  was  in  the  spring  of  1908  that  he  came  to  Merrill,  having  capital 
and  a  fine  business  reputation  behind  him.  Here  he  built  the  brick 
building,  known  as  the  Schram  Building,  one  of  the  best  business  build- 
ings in  the  city,  located  at  921  East  Main  street.  Here  he  opened  a 
furniture  store  and  an  undertaking  establishment,  under  the  firm  name 
of  A.  H.  Schram  and  Sons,  with  his  three  sons,  Alfred,  Clarence  and  Gus- 
tave.  In  the  fall  of  1908  Mr.  Schram  bought  out  the  furniture  and  un- 
dertaking business  of  C.  F.  Hankwitz,  at  120-122  Prospect  street,  West 
Side,  Merrill,  and  since  that  time  he  and  his  sons  have  successfully  con- 
ducted the  two  establishments.  He  is  by  far  the  leading  furniture  dealer 
in  Lincoln  county,  Wisconsin,  and  is  one  of  the  leading  undertakers  in 
the  county. 

In  religious  matters,  Mr.  Schram  and  his  family  are  members  of  the 
Evangelical  Lutheran  church  at  Merrill.  Mr.  Schram  since  coming  to 
Merrill  has  had  little  time  to  spare  from  his  business  to  give  to  public 
affairs  but  while  he  was  a  resident  of  Plymouth,  he  was  prominent  in 
public  life.  He  was  an  alderman  several  times  and  also  served  several 
times  as  mayor  of  the  town.  His  interest  in  agricultural  matters  was 
shown  by  his  presidency  of  the  Sheboygan  County  Agricultural  Society, 
which  was  commonly  known  as  the  Fair  Association.  He  was  for  many 
years  chief  of  the  Volunteer  Fire  Department  of  Plymouth. 

Mr.  Schram  was  married  on  the  20th  of  November,  1878,  to  Miss 
Emma  Bade,  a  daughter  of  Christopher  and  Wilhelmina  (Borges)  Bade, 
of  Plymouth,  Wisconsin.  Her  parents  were  both  natives  of  Germany 
but  they  were  real  pioneers  of  Sheboygan  county,  Wisconsin,  for  they 
came  to  this  section  of  the  state  at  a  very  early  day.  ]\Irs.  Schram  was 
born  and  reared  in  Plymouth,  where  her  father  conducted  a  blacksmith 
shop  for  many  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Schram  have  five  children,  as  fol- 
lows: Alfred,  Clarence,  Gustav,  Nora  and  Clara. 

George  Record  Peck.  Though  a  native  of  New  York  State,  George 
Record  Peck  was  brought  to  Wisconsin  when  a  lad  of  six  years,  and 
grew  up  and  prepared  for  his  'pi'ofession  in  this  state.  For  forty 
years  his  brilliant  career  as  a  great  railroad  lawyer  passed  principally 
in  the  states  of  Kansas  and  Illinois,  but  since  the  first  of  1911  for 
most  of  the  time  he  has  lived  retired  in  his  beautiful  home  at  Oeonomo- 


1616  HISTORY  OF  "WISCONSIN 

woe,  and  thus  his  later  years,  as  his  earlier  ones,  have  identified  him 
with  the  great  state  of  which  he  considers  himself  one  of  the  most 
loyal  citizens. 

Until  his  retirement  on  January  1,  1911,  from  the  office  of  gen- 
eral counsel  for  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railway  System 
there  was  no  greater  or  more  brilliant  lawyer  in  the  west,  than  George 
Record  Peek.  Recently  Mr.  Peck  celebrated  his  seventieth  birthday, 
and  few  men  have  received  more  hearty  congratulation  from  eminent 
people  throughout  the  country  than  did  Mr.  Peck.  The  breadth  of 
his  accomplishments  and  attainments  may  be  inferred  from  some  of 
the  statements  made  concerning  him  at  the  time.  He  was  described 
as  "lawyer,  orator,  litterateur,  student  of  literature,  and  botanist." 
A  Chicago  paper  said :  "At  three  score  years  and  ten  he  is  still  the 
apostle  of  'the  kingdom  of  light,'  and  mental  and  spiritual  decay  is 
as  far  from  him  today  as  in  the  seventies,  when  he  was  the  finend  of 
every  man  in  Kansas." 

Though  retired  from  his  position  as  general  counsel,  Mr.  Peck  still 
retains  the  honorary  title  of  consultng  counsel  of  the  Chicago,  Mil- 
waukee &  St.  Paul  Railroad.  His  successor  in  the  office  of  general 
counsel  is  the  Hon.  Burton  Hanson,  likewise  one  of  the  greatest  prod- 
ucts of  the  Wisconsin  bar.  Mr.  Peck  became  general  counsel  of  the 
Milwaukee  System,  September  15,  1895.  For  fourteen  years  previously 
he  had  served  as  general  solicitor  of  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa 
Fe  Railroad  Company.  No  lawyer  in  the  country  has  taken  more  im- 
portant part  in  railway  litigation  of  the  west  than  Mr.  Peck.  For 
many  years  he  stood  at  the  head  of  the  state  bar  in  Kansas.  He  once 
refused  the  offer  of  a  United  States  senatorship,  and  was  for  years 
one  of  the  leading  public  men  in  Kansas.  Besides  the  noteworthy 
powers  of  a  professional  and  public  nature,  Mr.  Peck  is  a  deep  scholar, 
has  been  honored  with  various  degrees  from  universities  and  colleges, 
and  as  a  polished  and  eloquent  orator  on  national  and  general  sub- 
jects has  had  few^  equals  during  the  last  generation. 

George  Record  Peck  was  born  near  Cameron,  Steuben  county.  New 
York,  May  15,  1843.  His  parents  Joel  M.  and  Amanda  (Purdy)  Peck, 
moved  out  to  a  farm  in  Wisconsin  when  the  son  Avas  six  years  old. 
In  a  clearing  in  the  wilderness,  which  the  boy  himself  had  assisted 
in  making,  the  family  began  life  in  what  was  then  the  new  state  of 
Wisconsin  and  grew  u^p  amid  surroundings  of  a  pioneer  character. 
With  only  a  common  school  education  at  the  age  of  sixteen  he  be- 
came a  school  teacher,  and  with  his  earnings  helped  to  lift  a  mort- 
gage from  the  old  homestead.  At  the  age  of  nineteen  he  enlisted  for 
service  in  the  Union  army,  joining  the  First  Heavy  Artillery  of  Wis- 
consin. Later  he  was  transferred  to  the  Thirty-First  Wisconsin 
Infantry,  and  with  that  command  went  with  Sherman  in  the  historic 
march  to  the  sea  and  in  the  operations  through  the  Carolinas.     He 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1617 

was  one  of  the  many  fine  AVisconsin  young  men  who  conferred  dis- 
tinction upon  the  state's  military  record  during  the  war  and  he 
advanced  from  the  ranks  of  private  to  the  grade  of  captain,  and  when 
he  was  mustered  out  of  service  he  was  Captain  Peck.  When  he 
returned  to  Wisconsin  after  the  war  his  efforts  were  immediately 
directed  toward  preparation  for  the  law.  Six  years  were  spent  in 
Janesville  as  a  law  student,  circuit  court  clerk,  and  practicing  attorney. 
From  Wisconsin  he  went  to  Kansas,  and  from  1871  to  1874  had  his 
office  at  Independence.  There  he  quickly  attained  recognition  as  a 
young  lawyer  of  unusual  ability  and  in  1874  he  received  his  first 
important  promotion  when  Pi-esident  Grant  appointed  him  United 
States  District  Attorney  of  Kansas.  The  duties  of  this  office  caused 
his  removal  to  Topeka,  the  State  Capital.  It  was  while  a  resident  of 
Topeka,  for  nineteen  years,  that  the  name  of  George  Record  Peck 
became  a  power  in  his  profession  and  in  public  affairs.  In  1887,  the 
University  of  Kansas  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  Within 
a  short  time  of  his  appointment  as  United  States  attorney,  he  was 
directed  to  bring  suit  involving  a  title  to  nine  hundred  and  sixty-nine 
thousand  acres  of  land.  The  promptness  and  ability  with  which  he 
brought  this  suit  and  other  cases  to  a  successful  issue  soon  marked 
him  as  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  western  bar,  and  brought  such  induce- 
ments for  private  practice  that  in  1879  he  resigned  his  office.  After 
two  years  of  independent  practice  the  Atchison,  Topeka  and  Santa 
Fe  Railroad  Company  elected  him  general  solicitor,  and  from  that 
time  until  1895  the  large  and  growing  system  of  railroad  was  devel- 
oped under  his  legal  counsel  and  direction. 

In  1891  when  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa  Fe  Railroad  secured 
control  of  the  St.  Louis  &  San  Francisco  Railroad,  one  of  the  stock- 
holders of  the  latter  sought  to  enjoin  the  sale  on  the  ground  that  the 
two  roads  were  parallel  and  competing.  The  case  was  bitterly  con- 
tested in  tlie  circuit  and  supreme  courts  of  the  United  States  and  Mr. 
Peck's  successful  management  not  only  resulted  in  giving  an  important 
extension  to  the  Santa  Fe  System,  but  also  gave  him  a  place  among 
the  first  railroad  lawyers  of  the  country.  In  December,  1903,  when 
the  Atchison  System  went  into  the  hands  of  a  receiver  and  the  prob- 
lem of  its  reorganization  was  pressing  upon  the  holders  of  its  almost 
worthless  securities,  the  direction  of  the  legal  proceedings  devolved 
upon  Mr.  Peck.  Within  two  years  the  mortgages  had  been  foreclosed, 
the  property  sold,  a  working  plan  of  reorganization  effected  and  the 
great  railroad  system  preserved  unbroken.  Probably  not  before  or 
since  has  there  been  accomplished  so  rapid  an  organization  of  a  great 
railroad  property,  and  that  the  Santa  Fe  System  at  the  present  time 
is  one  of  the  greatest  in  its  mileage  and  facilities  in  America  is  to  a 
large  degree  due  to  the  remarkable  ability  of  Mr.  Peck. 

When  his  onerous  duties  in  connection  with  the  reorganization  of 


1618  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

the  Santa  Fe  had  been  successfully  fulfilled,  Mr.  Peck  resigned  his 
office  as  general  solicitor  in  September,  1895.  However,  the  judge  of 
the  United  States  Circuit  Court  of  Topeka  requested  that  he  still  con- 
tinue to  give  the  Atchison  reorganization  committee  the  benefit  of 
his  counsel  until  all  the  details  should  be  cleared  up.  On  moving  to 
Chicago,  Mr.  Peck  became  general  counsel  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee 
and  St.  Paul  Railroad  Company,  and  directed  the  legal  department 
of  the  system  through  its  greatest  era  of  extension  and  improvement, 
until  he  turned  over  its  heavy  responsibilities  to  Mr.  Burton  Hanson 
in  1911.  During  his  active  career  in  Chicago,  Mr.  Peck  was  head  of 
the  law  firm  of  Peck,  Miller  &  Starr,  his  associate  being  John  S.  Miller 
and  Merritt  Starr. 

The  influence  of  Mr.  Peck  in  Kansas  politics  was  a  notable  feature 
of  the  political  history  of  that  state,  and  di;ring  the  last  ten  years  of 
his  residence  in  Topeka,  his  leadership  in  the  Republican  party  was 
unquestioned.  Upon  the  death  of  Senator  Plumb  in  1892,  Governor 
Humphrey  offered  the  vacant  seat  in  the  United  States  Senate  to  Mr. 
Peck,  who  declined.  Both  in  Kansas  and  in  Illinois  he  might  have 
attained  eminence  in  politics,  but  has  always  declined  public  honors 
which  were  not  in  line  with  his  profession.  It  is  as  a  great  railroad 
lawyer  that  the  name  of  Mr.  Peck  has  been  most  prominently  known. 
In  the  early  months  of  1893,  during  the  days  of  Populism  in  Kansas, 
and  during  the  legislative  deadlock  in  Governor  Llewellyn's  adminis- 
tration, Mr.  Peck  was  a  strong  conservative  force,  and,  according  to  the 
verdict  of  both  parties,  it  was  the  force  of  his  wisdom  and  will  and  fine 
character  which  averted  the  threatened  anarchy  and  bloodshed. 

Mr.  Peck  was  honored  with  the  office  of  president  of  the  American 
Bar  Association  in  1905-06.  One  of  his  friends  and  associates  in  Kan- 
sas recently  said:  "Mr.  Peek  has  a  rare,  magnetic  personality  and 
charm!  He  was  larger  in  Kansas  affairs  than  any  other  man  in  the 
state.  Every  man  on  the  Santa  Fe  System  from  a  section  hand  to 
the  president,  called  him  friend.  Blacklisted  firemen  went  to  him  to 
intercede  with  the  powers,  and  he  always  did  it  if  their  records  were 
clean  of  dishonesty.  He  staked  friends  in  adversity  with  recklessness, 
and  he  would  be  a  far  richer  man  today  if  he  had  not.'' 

Mr.  Peek  long  since  achieved  a  national  reputation  as  a  polished, 
scholarly  and  eloquent  orator,  and  his  orations  have  been  regarded  as 
master-pieces.  His  influence  as  a  man  of  letters  has  been  kindly  and 
stimulating,  his  written  philosophy  and  experience  of  life  has  the 
greater  weight  because  it  comes  from  one  who  has  borne  such  heavy 
responsibility  and  whose  knowledge  of  what  he  writes  has  been  so 
broad  and  thorough.  As  an  author  his  best  known  work  is  probably 
"The  Kingdom  of  Light."  The  characteristic  sentence  from  that  work 
is  the  following:  "The  person  who  allows  his  mental  and  spiritual 
nature  to  stagnate  and  decay  does  so,  not  for  want  of  time,  but  for 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1619 

want  of  inclination."  And  further  he  says:  "There  is  no  vocation, 
absolutely  none,  that  cuts  off  entirely  the  opportunities  for  intellectual 
development.  The  Kingdom  of  Light  is  an  especially  delightful  home 
for  him  whose  purse  is  not  of  sufficient  weight  to  provide  a  home  else- 
where and  a  humble  cottage  in  the  Kingdom  can  be  made  to  shine 
with  a  brightness  above  palace  walls." 

These  later  years  of  Mr.  Peck  are  devoted  to  a  practical  test  of  his 
beautiful  philosophy.  At  his  home  at  Oconomowoc  he  devotes  his 
time  to  literature  and  to  his  favorite  recreation  of  gardening  and 
botanizing,  and  his  gardens  contain  some  of  the  rarest  and  most 
beautiful  flowers,  shrubs  and  trees  to  be  found  on  any  private  estate 
in  Wisconsin. 

Among  the  many  notable  addresses  Avhich  have  brought  him  high 
standing  as  an  orator,  may  be  mentioned  the  following :  That  on 
General  Geoi'ge  H.  Thomas  delivered  before  the  Loyal  Legion  of  the 
United  States  at  Indianapolis :  Response  on  Abraham  Lincoln  at  the 
banquet  of  the  Marquette  Club,  Chicago;  address  on  the  Puritans 
before  the  Ethical  Society  of  Milwaukee ;  oration  on  the  Worth  of  a 
Sentiment,  before  the  Washington  &  Jefi'erson  Societies  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Virginia :  the  Ethical  Basis  of  American  Patriotism,  before 
the  gradiTating  class  of  Union  College,  New  York;  oration  on  the 
Unveiling  of  the  Logan  Statue  on  the  Lake  Front,  Chicago;  and  that 
on  Washington  before  the  students  of  the  University  of  Chicago.  A 
mere  mention  of  such  titles  as  above  indicates  the  scope  of  Mr.  Peck's 
mentality.  Since  the  honor  given  him  by  the  University  of  Kansas 
in  1887,  Mr.  Peck  was  awarded  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  by  Union  College 
of  New  York  in  1896,  a  similar  degree  from  Bethany  College  of  Kansas, 
in  1902,  Milton  College,  who  gave  him  the  degree  of  A.  M.,  from 
Northwestern  University  he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  D.,  and  he  has 
been  similiarly  awarded  by  many  other  institutions. 

Mr.  Peck's  married  life  covered  a  harmonious  and  happy  period 
of  thirty  years.  His  wife,  whom  he  married  in  1866,  was  IMiss  Arabella 
Burdick.  They  were  married  while  Mr.  Peck  was  still  struggling  for 
recognition  as  a  lawyer  at  Janesville,  Wisconsin.  Mrs.  Peck  died 
March  5,  1896,  and  as  his  three  married  daughters  live  in  other  cities, 
and  his  son  is  usually  away  from  Chicago,  Mr.  Peek  spends  much  of 
his  time  alone,  except  for  the  intimate  relations  which  he  has  estab- 
lished with  friends  and  with  the  great  life  of  the  outdoors  and  with 
literature.  His  children  are:  Mary  E.,  wife  of  A.  R.  Thompson,  of 
Washington ;  Isabel,  wife  of  G.  N.  Wilson,  of  Philadelphia ;  Charles 
B.,  now  of  New  York  City,  and  Ethel,  wife  of  George  P.  Earling.  of 
Milwaukee,  who  is  a  son  of  Albert  J.  Earling,  president  of  Chicago. 
Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad. 

Mr.  Peck  served  as  government  delegate  to  the  Universal  Congress 
of  Lawvers  and  Jurists  at  St.  Louis  in  1904.    His  clubs  are  the  Chicago. 


1620  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

the  University,  the  Hamilton,  the  Marquette,  the  ClifE-Dwellers,  the 
Caxton,  the  Wayfarers  and  many  others. 

Many  pages  might  be  filled  with  charming  anecdotes  told  of  Mr, 
Peck  in  his  professional  and  social  relations.  His  old-time  friend  and 
successor  as  general  counsel  of  the  Milwaukee  System,  Burton  Hanson 
recently  described  how  George  Hill  once  got  the  better  of  Mr.  Peck. 
"George  Hill,"  explained  Mr.  Hanson,  "is  a  negro  boy,  now  a  con- 
fidential secretary,  but  then  an  office  boy  who  had  studied  stenography 
in  spare  moments.  One  afternoon  ]\Ir.  Peck  wanted  to  dictate  some 
letters  and  the  office  force  had  gone.  I  suggested  Hill,  knowing  of 
his  shorthand  studies.  'How  fast  can  you  take  dictations?'  asked  Mr. 
Peck  skeptically.  'I  can  take  sixty  words  a  minute,'  returned  Hill 
stolidly.  'That's  as  fast  as  any  one  can  talk — and  talk  sense.'  Mr. 
Peck  began  dictating  at  once,"  concluded  Mr.  Hanson. 

Another  associate  recalled  a  meeting  between  Mr.  Peck  and  Henry 
Waterson  at  Washington,  when  the  conversation  was  directed  about 
Nebraska's  brilliant  senator,  John  M.  Thurston.  "George,"  said  Col. 
Waterson,  "I  think  you  and  Thurston  and  myself  are  the  greatest 
orators  in  the  country.''  "Why  drag  in  Thurston?"  queried  Mr. 
Peck,  "He  isn't  here." 

In  conclusion  it  may  be  said  that  seldom  does  a  career  reach  the 
span  of  three  score  and  ten,  including  higher  honors  in  the  profession 
of  law,  more  vitally  important  accomplishments  in  that  field,  with 
greater  dignity  and  esteem,  and  with  a  more  satisfying  fulness  of 
honors  and  work  well  performed  than  has  been  true  in  the  case  of 
George  Record  Peck. 

Leo  Gensmann.  As  a  pioneer  in  the  milling  industry  in  the  north- 
ern section  of  the  state  of  Wisconsin,  Leo  Gensmann  of  Merrill,  Wis- 
consin, has  won  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  business  man.  He  is  a 
young  man  with  the  energy  and  enthusiasm  that  makes  youth  so  power- 
ful factor  in  the  world  of  today,  but  he  has  had  several  years  of  val- 
uable experience,  and  has  also  the  advantage  of  having  been  trained  for 
his  position  in  the  business  world  by  his  father  one  of  the  most  success- 
ful business  men  in  the  Wisconsin  Valley. 

Leo  Gensmann  was  born  in  Wausau,  Wisconsin,  on  the  7th  day  of 
February,  1879,  the  son  of  Jacob  and  Amelia  (Wilde)  Gensmann.  The 
former  is  one  of  the  prominent  men  in  lumber  circles  in  the  state  of 
Wisconsin,  having  been  engaged  in  lumbering  in  the  Wisconsin  valley 
for  many  years.  Leo  Gensmann  was  reared  in  Wausau  and  attended 
both  the  grammar  and  high  schools  of  that  city.  He  later  entered  th© 
Wausau  Business  College  where  he  took  a  commercial  course. 

When  Mr.  Gensmann  came  to  Merrill  he  became  connected  with  the 
Lincoln  Milling  and  Elevator  Company,  as  secretary  and  treasurer. 
The  other  officers  of  this  company  are,   Paul  Gilbert,  president,  and 


HISTOEY  OF  WISCONSIN  1621 

Jacob  Gensmann,  vice-president.  The  Lincoln  Milling  and  Elevator 
Company  is  an  incorporated  company,  the  capital  stock  being  $35,000. 
The  mill  which  was  erected  in  1908  was,  and  still  is,  the  only  flour  mill 
in  Lincoln  county.  They  also  own  a  large  grain  elevator  which  has  a 
capacity  of  25,000  bushels.  The  company  manufactures  flour,  and  by- 
products of  flour  and  also  ground  corn  and  oat  food  stuffs.  The  famous 
Court  House  Brand  of  flour  is  a  product  of  this  mill  and  buckwheat 
and  rye  flour  is  also  manufactured  here.  Ten  or  twelve  men  are  em- 
ployed and  the  company  is  a  thriving  and  prosperous  concern. 

Mr.  Gensmann  was  married  in  1907,  the  28th  of  November,  to  Miss 
Emma  Perske,  a  daughter  of  Carl  and  Bertha  Perske,  of  Wausau,  Wis- 
consin.    They  have  one  son,  Ferdinand. 

The  Thomas  Desmond  Family.  The  residence  of  the  Desmond 
family  in  Wilwaukee  covers  a  period  of  seventy  years,  beginning 
during  the  territorial  era  of  the  state.  The  first  generation  was  char- 
acterized by  the  labors  and  accomplishments  of  a  pioneer  settler.  The 
head  of  the  next  generation,  the  late  Thomas  Desmond,  was  for  nearly 
half  a  century  well  known  in  business  and  educational  circles  in  Mil- 
waukee, while  the  sons  of  Thomas  Desmond  have,  as  worthy  repre- 
sentatives of  an  honored  father  and  grandfather,  borne  distinctive 
parts  in  life  in  the  law,  education,  in  authorship,  in  various  lines  of 
business  enterprise,  and  in  civic  and  social  work.  The  Desmond  family 
is  of  Norman-Irish  ancestry.  A  large  province  in  southern  Ireland 
was  once  known  as  "Desmond."  and  the  "Earls  of  Desmond"  played 
an  important  part  in  Anglo-Irish  history. 

The  late  Thomas  Desmond  was  born  in  1833  near  Little  Falls, 
New  York,  where  his  father  had  settled  about  one  hundred  years  ago. 
In  August,  1842,  when  the  history  of  Wisconsin  as  a  territory  had  yet 
six  years  to  run,  Humphrey  Desmond,  father  of  Thomas  Desmond, 
came  west  and  settled  upon  several  hundred  acres  of  land  about  twenty 
miles  north  of  Milwaukee  near  the  present  city  of  Cedarburg.  With 
him  were  three  sons  and  three  daughters. 

Thomas  Desmond,  the  youngest  son,  was  then  nine  years  old.  He 
attended  district  schools,  and  at  the  age  of  seventeen  began  to  vary 
the  duties  of  farm  life  by  teaching  during  the  winter  in  near-by  schools. 
Years  of  self-education  and  a  natural  leaning  towards  educational  work 
led  later  to  his  identification  with  the  Milwaukee  public  schools  in  ad- 
ministrative capacities.  From  1866  to  1880  he  was  secretary  of  the 
school  board.  All  his  nine  children  completed  high  school  courses  in 
Milwaukee,  finishing  in  normal  schools  or  the  State  University.  During 
the  last  twenty  years  of  his  life  Mr.  Desmond  was  state  manager  for 
one  of  the  large  eastern  life  insurance  companies.  At  the  time  of  his 
death  in  May,  1901,  many  tributes  to  his  life  and  character  were  paid 
by  prominent  men  of  the  city  and  state.     This  passage  from  a  letter 

Vol.  VI— 16 


1622  HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN 

published  in  one  of  the  Milwaukee  dailies  fairly  summarizes  the  esteem 
in  which  he  was  held:  "I  have  known  Thomas  Desmond  since  my 
boyhood,  and  a  more  consistent,  conscientious,  honorable  man  I  have 
yet  to  meet.  He  was  courteous,  kind  and  affable.  The  dominant  trait  in 
his  character  was  justice." 

Thomas  Desmond  was  survived  by  his  widow,  whose  maiden  name 
was  Bowe,  and  who  had  been  a  resident  of  Milwaukee  since  1854,  and 
was  in  all  respects  the  ideal  of  a  true  wife  and  helpmate.  Their 
oldest  daughter,  Dora  A.  Desmond,  who  was  for  many  years  identified 
with  educational  and  charitable  work  in  Milwaukee,  died  in  1909. 
Mary  Desmond,  the  second  daughter,  Avas  also  a  teacher  in  the  Mil- 
waukee schools  for  a  number  of  years,  but  is  now  engaged  in  literary 
work  and  is  active  in  several  woman's  organizations  of  the  city.  She, 
with  her  sisters  Julia  and  Theresa  Desmond,  reside  with  their  mother  at 
the  family  home,  810  Van  Buren  Street,  Milwaukee. 

Humphrey  J.  Desmond,  the  oldest  son  of  Thomas  Desmond  and  who 
is  regarded  by  his  associates  as  possessing  one  of  the  finest  minds  in 
the  Wisconsin  bar,  entered  the  legal  profession  after  his  graduation 
from  the  University  of  Wisconsin.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Milwaukee 
school  board  from  1883  to  1890,  and  of  the  Wisconsin  legislature  during 
1891-92.  As  a  member  of  the  school  board  he  is  credited  with  initiating 
the  industrial  training  movement  in  the  schools  of  Milwaukee,  and 
as  a  member  of  the  legislature  he  was  the  author  of  several  laws  that 
are  now  on  the  statute  books.  Some  twenty  years  ago  he  became  owner 
of  the  Catholic  Citizen,  a  Avidely  circulated  Aveekly  paper,  and  this  led 
to  his  acquiring  similar  publications  at  Washington,  D.  C,  Memphis, 
Tennessee,  and  St.  Paul,  Minnesota.  Humphrey  J.  Desmond  is  author 
of  a  number  of  successful  books,  including  several  volumes  of  essays 
published  by  A.  C.  MeClurg  &  Company  of  Chicago.  His  "The  Church 
and  The  Law,"  a  legal  text  book,  called  forth  special  praise  from  Chief 
Justice  Cassoday  of  the  Wisconsin  Supreme  Court.  He  is  also  the 
author  of  a  number  of  historic  monographs,  which  have  had  a  large 
sale.  He  was  a  frequent  contributor  to  the  North  American  Review, 
the  Forum,  The  Century,  and  other  magazines,  and  a  special  contrib- 
utor to  the  "Library  of  the  World's  Best  Literature"  and  the  Catholic 
Encyclopedia.  His  home  at  612  Newberry  Boulevard,  adjoining  Lake 
Park,  contains  one  of  the  best  selected  private  libraries  in  Milwaukee. 

William  J.  Desmond,  second  in  age  of  the  sons  of  Thomas  Desmond, 
was  for  many  years  engaged  in  educational  work  as  principal  of  public 
schools  in  Milwaukee,  as  a  writer  for  educational  and  other  periodicals, 
and  as  a  conductor  of  Teachers'  Institutes  in  Wisconsin.  He  later 
became  interested  in  real  estate  and  business  enterprises,  platting  and 
building  up  a  number  of  subdivisions  in  Milwaukee,  and  dealing  ex- 
tensively in  farming  and  timber  lands  in  Wisconsin  and  other  states. 
He  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  civic  matters,  having  been  a  member 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN  1623 

of  the  Charter  Convention  of  Milwaukee,  and  an  incorporator  of  the 
City  Club.  He  was  especially  identified  with  the  inception  and  promo- 
tion of  the  Non-Partisan  and  the  Home  Rule  laws  for  cities,  in  which 
movement  Milwaukee  has  led  the  way. 

Frank  B.  Desmond,  the  third  son,  is  officially  connected  with  the 
First  National  Bank  of  Milwaukee.  He  is  widely  acquainted  in 
business  circles,  and  is  a  director  in  several  corporations.  Thomas  A. 
Desmond,  fourth  among  the  sons,  has  built  up  a  very  substantial 
educational  publishing  business  of  national  scope.  He  is  also  vice 
president  of  the  Citizen  Company,  which  publishes  a  number  of  news- 
papers in  various  parts  of  the  United  States. 

Joseph  G.  Desmond,  the  youngest  of  the  sons  of  the  late  Thomas 
Desmond,  has  specialized  in  advertising,  and  has  charge  of  the  adver- 
tising department  of  the  several  publications  controlled  by  the  Citizen 
Company.    He  is  also  secretary  of  the  latter  corporation. 

Bert  A.  Jolivette.  Among  the  public  officials  whose  signal  services 
in  the  discharge  of  their  duties  are  making  La  Crosse  one  of  the  best 
governed  of  Wisconsin  counties,  more  than  passing  mention  should 
be  made  of  Bert  A.  Jolivette,  county  clerk.  By  birth,  inclination  and 
training  a  son  of  Wisconsin,  he  has  spent  his  life  within  the  limits  of 
the  state,  where,  although  he  is  still  a  young  man,  his  connection  with 
multiform  interests  has  made  his  name  well  known.  Mr.  Jolivette 
was  born  February  5,  1882,  in  La  Crosse  county,  Wisconsin,  and  is  a 
son  of  Peter  and  Sarah  A.  (Kelly)  Jolivette,  the  former  a  native  of 
Wisconsin  and  the  latter  of  Illinois. 

Mr.  Jolivette 's  paternal  ancestors  came  from  Normandy,  France, 
while  those  on  the  maternal  side  are  traced  back  to  Ireland.  His  grand- 
father, Moses  Jolivette,  came  from  near  Montreal,  Canada,  and  settled 
in  La  Crosse  county,  Wisconsin,  near  the  town  of  Campbell,  some  time 
during  the  early  forties.  One  of  the  earliest  settlers  of  that  section, 
he  homesteaded  and  purchased  a  large  tract  of  land,  which  extended  in 
one  direction  to  the  Mississippi  river.  Settlers  were  scarce,  but  few 
houses  were  to  be  found,  the  nearest  market  was  at  Dubuque,  which  was 
reached  by  boating  down  the  river  and  the  Winnebago  and  Chippewa 
Indians  were  numerous  and  frequently  very  troublesome.  Moses  Joli- 
vette and  his  wife  were  the  parents  of  nine  children,  of  whom  five  are 
still  alive.  Of  this  family,  Peter  was  the  fifth  in  order  of  birth.  He 
was  born  May  29,  1854,  in  La  Crosse  county,  Wisconsin,  and  until  he 
was  fourteen  years  of  age  he  attended  the  primitive  district  schools. 
He  then  began  to  give  his  father  all  of  his  time  and  so  continued  until 
he  was  nineteen  years  of  age,  at  which  time  he  embarked  upon  a  career 
of  his  own.  At  first  he  was  engaged  in  logging  and  working  in  the  lum- 
ber camps,  but  in  the  meanwhile  interested  himself  also  in  farming,  and 
before  he  was  twenty-five  years  of  age  was  a  land  owner.     In  1909,  at 


1624  HISTOKY  OF  WISCONSIN 

the  time  of  his  deatli,  he  jDOssessed  220  acres,  in  addition  to  which  he 
had  also  been  the  owner  of  one-half  section  of  Texas  land,  which,  how- 
ever, he  had  disposed  of  some  time  before.  Reared  to  the  hard  work 
of  the  farm,  he  was  an  industrious,  energetic  man  all  of  his  life,  fre- 
quently working  from  3  :30  A.  M.,  until  9  P.  M.  He  was  known  among 
his  associates  and  those  with  whom  he  held  any  transactions  as  a  man 
in  whom  implicit  confidence  could  be  placed.  A  Democrat  in  politics, 
he  served  as  president  of  the  school  board  of  the  township  in  which  he 
resided  for  sixteen  years,  and  was  not  only  a  friend  of  the  cause  of  edu- 
cation all  his  life,  but  also  was  a  progressive  man  in  every  walk  of  life. 
Mr.  Jolivette  married  Sarah  A.  Kelly,  who  was  born  April  21,  1857,  and 
is  still  living,  and  they  had  a  family  of  eight  children,  of  whom  seven 
are  still  living :  Bert  A.,  Rally  D.  M.,  Nita  S.,  Eva  L.,  Edna  E.,  Guy  A. 
and  Lloyd  P. 

Bert  A.  Jolivette  attended  the  district  schools  until  he  w^as  fourteen 
years  of  age,  at  which  time  he  began  working  on  his  father's  farm,  and 
continued  to  be  associated  "vvith  him  for  ten  years.  In  1907,  wishing  to 
further  advance  his  education,  he  entered  the  University  of  Wisconsin, 
but  the  death  of  his  father,  three  and  one-half  years  later,  called  him 
home  to  take  charge  of  the  estate,  of  which  he  has  continued  executor 
ever  since.  A  Democrat  in  politics,  he  has  ever  been  active  in  the  ranks 
of  his  party,  and  on  November  5,  1912,  was  elected  clerk  of  La  Crosse 
county,  for  a  term  of  two  years,  an  office  in  which  he  has  shown  eminent 
qualifications.  He  has  handled  the  business  of  the  county  in  a  manner 
that  is  bound  to  win  the  approbation  of  the  tax-payers  and  during  his 
administration  a  number  of  much  needed  reforms  have  been  made. 
Fraternally,  Mr.  Jolivette  is  connected  with  Black  River  Camp  No.  507, 
Modern  Woodmen  of  America,  in  which  he  is  now  serving  as  honorable 
adviser  and  also  of  the  Red  Men,  Winneshiek  Tribe. 

On  August  1,  1912,  Mr.  Jolivette  was  married  to  Miss  VanNetta 
McDonald,  of  Dane  county,  Wisconsin,  a  graduate  of  the  DeForest 
(Wisconsin)  high  school,  class  of  1906. 

Henry  J.  Goddard.  Among  the  Wisconsin  families  few  have  been 
more  conspicuous  in  public  and  business  affairs  nor  borne  the  responsi- 
bilities of  citizenship  with  greater  dignity  and  social  service  than  has 
the  Goddard  family  during  its  residence  in  this  state  from  pioneer  times 
down  to  the  present.  Mr.  Henry  J.  Goddard,  the  present  postmaster 
of  Chippewa  Falls,  was  the  pioneer  druggist  of  that  city,  was  a  soldier 
during  the  Civil  war,  and  in  many  ways  has  been  prominent  during  the 
life  of  the  state  for  the  past  half  century. 

Henry  J.  Goddard  was  born  at  Almond,  Allegany  county.  New  York, 
on  November  3,  1844,  being  the  oldest  and  the  only  survivor  of  four 
children  born  to  Nathaniel  and  Lueinda  (Peck)  Goddard.  The  father, 
a  native  of  Massachusetts,  died  in  1875  at  the  age  of  eighty-four  years. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1625 

The  mother  was  born  at  Saratoga  Springs,  New  York,  and  died  in  1880 
at  the  age  of  eighty-three  years.  The  father,  who  was  a  farmer  and  mer- 
chant, was  in  business  in  Massachusetts,  whence  he  removed  to  York, 
Livingston  county.  New  York,  where  he  was  a  farmer,  and  in  1850  came 
west  and  located  in  Eock  county,  "Wisconsin,  where  he  was  among  the 
pioneers.  He  located  in  Beloit,  then  a  village  of  small  proportion  and 
importance,  and  there  engaged  in  the  merchandising  business  until 
his  retirement.  He  was  also  honored  with  various  distinctions  in  this 
Wisconsin  city,  having  held  the  office  of  city  treasurer  for  several  terms. 
He  was  a  deacon  in  the  Baptist  church  and  an  active  member  of  the 
Republican  party. 

Henry  J.  Goddard  was  six  years  of  age  when  the  family  moved  west 
to  Wisconsin,  and  he  was  reared  largely  in  pioneer  surroundings.  He 
attained  his  early  education  in  the  common  schools  of  Beloit,  finishing 
at  the  high  school  there,  and  subsequently  pursuing  a  commercial 
course  in  Bryant  &  Stratton  Business  College  at  Chicago.  He  liad 
begun  the  drug  business  at  Baraboo,  this  state,  about  the  time  the 
Civil  war  came  on.  The  war  disturbed  all  his  plans,  and  under  the 
impetus  of  patriotism  he  enlisted  in  "the  Fourth  Wisconsin  Battery. 
His  father  was  too  old  for  service,  and  inasmuch  as  another  brother 
was  already  in  the  army,  the  father  requested  that  this  son  should 
remain  at  home,  which  he  did  for  a  time.  Then  in  1864  he  enlisted  as 
hospital  steward  in  the  regular  United  States  army,  and  gave  three 
years  of  service.  He  was  on  duty  at  Fortress  Monroe  in  Virginia,  at 
Hampton,  Virginia,  and  Richmond,  that  state,  also  at  Fredericksburg 
until  ordered  to  the  surgeon  general  headquarters  under  General  Otis, 
spending  the  latter  part  of  his  service  in  compiling  the  medical  and 
surgical  history  of  the  war. 

On  his  return  to  Baraboo,  Wisconsin,  he  resumed  the  drug  business 
with  his  brother-in-law.  Dr.  B.  F.  Mills,  and  in  October,  1874,  became 
one  of  the  pioneer  settlers  in  the  new  town  of  Chippewa  Falls.  There 
he  became  the  pioneer  druggist  and  was  actively  connected  with  busi- 
ness affairs  up  to  September,  1899.  He  has  for  a  number  of  years  been 
active  in  public  life,  and  in  March,  1900,  President  McKinley  appointed 
him  postmaster  at  Chippewa  Falls,  and  he  was  reappointed.  May 
17,  1904,  by  President  Roosevelt,  April  20,  1908,  also  by  Mr.  Roosevelt, 
and  April  17,  1912,  by  President  Taft.  In  1885  this  district  elected  him 
to  the  House  of  Representatives,  and  as  a  member  of  the  legislature 
he  served  as  chairman  of  the  railway  committee.  For  twenty  years 
he  has  given  his  counsel  and  direction  to  the  affairs  of  the  school 
board,  of  which  he  has  been  a  member  continuously  for  this  period  of 
time.  He  also  served  as  city  treasurer  for  some  time  and  he  is  president 
of  the  Wisconsin  Association  of  Postmasters. 

Mr.  Goddard  has  long  taken  an  active  part  in  Grand  Army  affairs  of 
this  state.    He  has  his  local  membership  in  the  James  Comford  Post, 


1626  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

No.  68,  G.  A.  R.,  and  has  served  as  quartermaster  and  commander  of 
this  post.  He  has  also  been  chief  of  staff  for  the  Grand  Army  in  the 
"Wisconsin  Department.  At  the  last  state  encampment  held  at  Autigo, 
he  was  presented  with  a  beautiful  jewel  by  the  deputy  commander, 
Hiram  Smith,  and  comrades  of  the  Wisconsin  Department.  j\Ir.  God- 
dard  was  made  a  Mason  in  B.  B.  French  Lodge,  No,  15,  A.  F.  &  A.  M. 
at  Washington,  D.  C,  and  from  there  demitted  and  joined  the  Chippewa 
Falls  Lodge,  No.  176,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  He  is  also  affiliated  with  Chippewa 
Falls  Chapter,  No.  46,  R.  A.  M.,  and  with  Eau  Claire  Commandery, 
No.  8,  K.  T.  Subsequently  he  became  a  charter  member  of  Tanered 
Commandery,  No.  27,  at  Chippewa  FaUs.  He  has  attained  the  thirty- 
second  degree  of  the  Scottish  Rite,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Wisconsin 
Consistory,  and  the  Tripoli  Temple  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  In  poUtics 
he  is  an  active  Republican. 

Mr.  Goddard,  on  June  22,  1871,  married  Adele  Grover,  who  was 
born  in  Lima,  Livingston  county.  New  York,  and  whose  death  occurred 
April  S,  1900.  The  three  children  born  of  their  union  were :  Fi^ank 
Mills,  who  died  in  infancy ;  Arthur  G. ;  and  Jennie  E.,  the  wife  of 
John  A.  Brooks,  and  they  are  the  parents  of  one  daughter  Mary  Adelle 
Brooks. 

Professor  L.  D.  Roberts.  Since  1888  Professor  Roberts  has  been 
continuously  county  superintendent  of  schools  in  Shawano  county,  and 
is  one  of  the  oldest,  and  probably  the  oldest  in  point  of  actual  service 
since  with  the  ending  of  the  present  term  he  will  have  twenty-six 
years  six  months  to  his  credit  in  this  capacity.  He  has  made  educa- 
tion his  life's  work,  and  for  nearly  a  half  century  has  been  closely 
identified  with  school  management.  By  virtue  of  his  own  ability,  and 
by  his  position,  he  is  the  leading  man  of  his  profession  in  Shawano, 
and  also  one  of  the  prominent  educators  of  Wisconsin.  Having  the 
spirit  of  service  characterizing  the  modern  teacher,  and  working  con- 
stantly for  progressive  measures,  he  has  won  a  worthy  place  in  his 
life  work  and  profession,  and  has  many  admiring  friends  among  his 
old  pupils,  all  of  whom  regard  his  character  and  service  as  useful  parts 
of  their  own  lives.  Previous  to  his  election  as  county  superintendent 
in  1888,  Professor  Roberts  had  been  a  teacher  in  high  schools,  spend- 
ing two  years  in  Stoughton,  and  eight-  in  Shawano.  He  was  the  first 
principal  of  the  Shawano  high  school,  which  was  the  pioneer  school  of 
this  rank  to  be  established  in  Shawano  county. 

Mr.  Roberts  was  born  on  a  farm  at  Macomb,  Illinois,  May  15,  1844, 
a  son  of  Ira  Norman  and  Margarita  (Dailey)  Roberts.  Reared  on  his 
father's  farm,  he  attended  district  school,  and  later  completed  his 
preparation  for  teaching  by  regular  and  post-graduate  courses  in  study 
at  the  old  institution  known  as  Albion  Academy  and  Norman  Institute, 
from  which  he  received  the  degree  of  Ph.  B.,  upon  graduation.    Early 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1627 

in  his  career  he  went  to  southeastern  Kansas,  where  he  took  up  land, 
but  as  the  climate  did  not  agree  with  him  he  returned  to  Wisconsin 
and  soon  afterward  became  principal  of  the  Stoughton  schools. 

Professor  Roberts,  outside  of  his  promotions  and  distinctions  as  an 
educator,  has  for  many  years  been  noted  for  his  ability  in  general 
mathematics.  Out  of  his  long  experience  he  has  invented  a  very 
ingenious  calculating  machine  on  which  he  now  has  two  patents.  This 
machine  computes  percentage  with  readiness  and  absolute  accuracy 
for  any  number  from  one  dollar  to  one  hundred  million,  whether  the 
rate  be  one  or  ten  places.  The  device  in  its  general  form  is  a  multiply- 
ing machine,  but  is  especially  designed  for  those  who  have  charge  of 
making  out  tax-rolls.  Through  its  use  it  is  possible  to  calculate  in 
almost  an  instant  the  amount  of  taxes  to  be  assessed  on  any  piece  of 
property  running  out  to  ten  decimals. 

Professor  Roberts  is  a  member  of  several  educational  associations 
among  which  are  the  following :  The  Wisconsin  County  Superintend- 
ents'  Association,  of  which  he  has  been  twice  elected  president;  the 
State  Teachers '  Association  on  the  programs  of  which  he  has  appeared 
from  time  to  time,  and  he- has  also  been  an  active  member  for  many 
years  of  the  National  Educational  Association. 

His  educational  activities  have  not  prevented  his  affiliation  with 
local  interests  that  tend  for  the  uplift  and  general  betterment  of  society. 
As  member  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  Shawano  Public  Library  and 
periodic  president  of  the  same,  as  a  church  trustee,  as  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  fraternity,  he  has  received  the  recognition  that  public  senti- 
ment invariably  accords  intelligent  and  progressively  inclined  citizen- 
ship in  civic  affairs. 

William  King  Coffin.  Among  the  representative  men  of  Eau 
Claire  mention  should  be  made  of  William  King  Coffin,  for  he  is  not 
only  one  of  the  prominent  men  in  a  business  way,  but  also  socially  and 
in  affairs  of  general  public  interest.  His  business  interests  lie  chiefly 
along  the  lines  of  banking  and  lumbering,  but  he  is  always  to  be  found 
interested  in  any  good  business  proposition.  He  is  a  modern  and  up- 
to-date  thinker  and  has  as  firm  a  grasp  on  his  business  affairs  now  as 
he  had  twenty  years  ago,  with  the  added  advantage  that  those  years 
have  given  to  him. 

William  King  Coffin  was  born  in  Jacksonville,  Illinois,  on  the -9th 
of  August,  1850.  He  was  named  for  William  King,  the  first  governor 
of  Maine,  for  his  grandfather,  Nathaniel  Coffin,  and  the  governor  were 
Avarm  personal  friends.  His  father,  William  Coffin,  was  born  in  Maine 
in  1822,  a  son  of  Nathaniel  and  Mary  (Porter)  Coffin.  When  William 
Coffin  was  quite  a  little  fellow  his  parents  came  west  to  Illinois,  and 
here  he  grew  up,  his  youth  being  spent  among  the  pioneer  scenes  of 
that  time.    He  received  his  education  in  Illinois  College  and  Andover 


1628  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Seminary.  After  his  graduation  lie  became  professor  of  mathematics 
in  Illinois  College.  In  1853  he  gave  up  this  profession  and  locating 
in  Batavia,  Illinois,  went  into  the  banking  business,  and  was  thus 
engaged  until  1880,  when  he  retired  from  active  business.  In  politics 
he  was  a  Republican.  His  wife,  Mary  (Lockwood)  Coffin,  was  born 
in  Illinois,  and  died  in  the  year  1877.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Samuel 
D.  Lockwood,  who  was  one  of  the  first  justices  of  the  supreme  court, 
Abraham  Lincoln  having  been  a  law  student  in  his  office.  William 
Coffin  died  in  1890,  at  the  age  of  sixty-eight  years.  Seven  children 
were  born  to  him  and  his  wife,  five  of  whom  are  now  living. 

WiUiam  King  Coffin  was  next  to  the  eldest  of  his  father's  children, 
and  he  grew  up  in  the  state  of  Illinois,  where  he  received  his  education, 
his  college  training  being  gained  in  Knox  College  at  Galesburg,  Illinois, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1871.  It  might  be  said  that 
he  began  the  banking  business  when  he  was  fourteen  years  old,  for  it  is 
a  fact  that  as  a  boy  he  entered  his  father's  bank  and  early  learned  the, 
details  and  routine  work  of  the  institution,  becoming  cashier  of  the  First 
National  Bank  of  Batavia,  Illinois,  before  he  was  nineteen,  his  father 
being  president  of  that  bank. 

In  1871,  when  he  was  twenty-one  years  old,  Mr.  Coffin  entered  the 
First  National  Bank  of  Chicago  as  a  clerk,  and  he  was  with  that  con- 
cern in  the  years  1871-2-3,  the  first  being  the  year  of  the  great  fire,  and 
the  last  the  year  of  the  panic.  In  1874  he  was  with  a  transportation 
company  running  barges  between  Green  Bay  Points  and  Chicago  in 
the  conveying  of  lumber,  and  this  has  been  his  sole  digression  from  the 
banking  business  since  he  commenced  his  financial  career.  In  1874  he 
was  employed  in  Batavia  as  cashier  of  the  Coffin  &  Young  Bank  and  he 
made  his  first  trip  to  Eau  Claire  in  1881,  coming  here  to  look  over  the 
Pioneers  Lumber  Company.  While  his  interest  was  taken  by  the  possi- 
bilities of  the  lumber  business,  Mr.  Coffin  decided  that  banking  was  his 
forte  and  did  not  invest  at  the  time.  In  the  spring  of  1882  Clark  & 
Ingram,  bankers  of  Eau  Claire,  invited  Mr.  Coffin  to  come  to  the  city  and 
associate  himself  with  them  in  business.  He  accepted,  and  soon  after 
the  bank  was  reorganized  as  the  Eau  Claire  National  Bank,  Mr.  Coffin 
becoming  its  cashier,  a  position  he  held  for  many  years  and  later  be- 
came president  of  the  institution,  in  which  important  capacity  he  is  yet 
serving.  He  is  also  president  of  Eau  Claire  Savings  Bank  and  vice- 
president  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Fairchild,  Wisconsin. 

Since  settling  here  Mr.  Coffin  has  interested  himself  widely  in  other 
lines,  mainly  in  the  lumber  interests,  a  number  of  well  known  lumber 
and  timber  concerns  claiming  a  share  of  his  notice. 

Mr.  Coffin  has  held  a  number  of  positions  that  have  shown  the  respect 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1629 

and  esteem  his  associates  in  the  business  world  have  held  for  him,  and 
the  warm  personal  popularity  he  enjoys.  In  1903  he  served  as  president 
of  the  Wisconsin  Bankers'  Association,  and  he  is  president  of  the  Eau 
Claire  Public  Library.  He  is  an  enthusiast  on  all  out  of  door  sports, 
and  is  president  of  the  Eau  Claire  Automobile  Club. 

Being  descended  from  one  of  the  old  pioneer  families  of  the  Mis- 
sissippi Valley,  his  interest  in  all  things  pertaining  to  the  history  of  the 
valley  is  natural,  and  he  is  a  life  member  of  the  Wisconsin  State  His- 
torical Society,  being  one  of  its  present  curators.  Mr.  Coffin  has  always 
taken  a  deep  interest  in  religious  and  social  questions  and  is  a  member 
of  the  Congregational  church  and  one  of  the  directors  of  the  Young 
Men's  Christian  Association. 

In  politics  he  gives  his  allegiance  to  the  Republican  party.  He  is  a 
thirty-second  degree  Mason,  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and 
the  Elks. 

In  October,  1872,  Mr.  Coffin  married  Miss  Mary  G.  Burroughs,  who 
is  a  native  of  the  state  of  Illinois.  To  them  have  been  born  two  daugh- 
ters, Mary  E.,  who  is  the  wife  of  B.  G.  Proctor,  of  Eau  Claire,  Wis- 
consin; and  Grace  B.,  who  married  F.  R.  Bates,  of  Seattle,  Washington, 
and  one  son,  Lester  B.  Coffin,  who  died  in  1888. 

William  Irvine.  The  great  lumber  industry  of  Wisconsin  during 
the  past  thirty  years  has  known  no  more  conspicuous  figure  than 
William  Irvine,  now  and  for  many  years  a  resident  of  Chippewa  Falls. 
Mr.  Irvine  was  a  former  president  of  the  Mississippi  Valley  Lumber- 
men's Association,  occupied  a  same  position  for  two  years  in  the 
National  Lumber  Manufacturer's  Association,  and  has  had  practically 
every  honor  and  distinction  afforded  by  the  great  organization  in  the 
lumber  industry  of  this  country. 

William  Irvine  was  born  at  Mount  Carroll,  Illinois,  October  28, 
1851.  His  father  was  John  Irvine,  who  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  of 
Scotch-Irish  stock  in  1790  and  was  old  enough  to  give  service  to  this 
country  in  the  war  of  1812.  The  mother  was  of  New  England  ancestry 
and  was  a  native  of  New  York  State.  The  father,  for  a  number  of 
years,  prior  to  1858,  had  a  saw-mill  at  Savanna,  Illinois,  and  sawed 
logs  that  were  floated  down  the  Mississippi  River  in  that  period.  His 
equipment  for  milling  was  a  rotary  and  sash  saw,  an  almost  typical  out- 
fit for  the  times,  but  not  one  that  would  place  his  plant  in  serious  com- 
petition with  the  great  lumber  manufacturing  centers.  William  Irvine 
was  about  seven  years  old  when  his  father  abandoned  this  enterprise  and 
turned  his  attention  to  merchandising  in  Mount  Carroll.  The  son  Wil- 
liam attended  local  schools  until  he  was  sixteen  years  of  age,  and  then 


1630  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

began  work  in  1867  for  Captain  George  Winans,  who  was  pilot  for  the 
steamer  Union,  and  engaged  in  towing  lumber  from  Reed's  Lauding  to 
St.  Louis  and  other  down  river  markets.  William  Irvine  had  position  of 
watchman  on  the  Union  and  also  on  other  boats  engaged  in  towing  lum- 
ber for  the  Chippewa  Falls  mill.  At  the  end  of  two  years  he  was  pro- 
moted to  a  position  of  a  clerk.  After  continuipg  in  that  way  until  1875 
he  took  a  place  as  lumber  salesman  for  the  Union  Lumbering  Company,  a 
concern  which  at  that  time  owned  the  plant  at  Chippewa  Falls,  AViseon- 
sin.  It  is  a  matter  of  interest  that  Mr.  Irvine  has  had  something  to  do 
with  the  Chippewa  Falls  Mills  or  its  product  ever  since  he  was  sixteen 
years  of  age.  He  first  worked  on  the  boats  that  towed  the  lumber  to  mar- 
ket, then  sold  the  lumber,  and  subsequently  became  manager  of  the  busi- 
ness. While  acting  as  salesman  he  became  familiar  with  grades  and 
manufacturing  methods,  as  he  was  about  the  mill  more  or  less  dur- 
ing that  time.  During  the  winters  of  1870-71-72,  while  not  employed  on 
the  boats,  he  had  worked  as  a  scaler  in  the  woods,  thus  acquiring  a 
knowledge  of  timber  and  logging.  He  remained  with  the  Union  Lumber- 
ing Company  and  its  successor  until  Mr.  Weyerhaeuser  and  associ- 
ates bought  the  Chippewa  Falls  mill  in  the  spring  of  1881.  He  then  be- 
came secretary  of  the  Chippewa  Lumber  &  Boom  Company  and  in  1885 
succeeded  Mr.  E.  W.  Culver  as  manager  of  the  company.  Mr.  Irvine 
remained  as  active  manager  of  the  Chippewa  Falls  plant  until  1912, 
at  which  time  the  local  industry  was  closed  down  because  the  supply 
of  lumber  available  had  at  last  been  exhausted.  Mr.  Irvine  is  also  sec- 
retary of  the  Northern  Lumber  Company  of  Cloquet,  Minnesota.  He 
is  vice  president  of  the  Lumberman's  National  Bank  of  Chippewa  Falls, 
is  a  director  of  the  Wisconsin  Central  Railway  Company,  a  trustee  of 
the  Northwestern  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company  of  Milwaukee,  a 
member  of  the  board  of  governors  of  the  National  Lumber  Manufactur- 
ers Association,  of  which  organization  he  was  president  during  1907- 
08.  He  is  also  president  of  the  American  Immigration  Association. 
Fraternally  Mr.  Irvine  is  affiliated  with  Chippewa  Lodge  No.  176  A.  F. 
&  A.  M. ;  Chippewa  Chapter  No.  46  R.  A.  M. ;  Tancred  Commandery 
No.  27,  K.  P.,  and  having  attained  thirty-two  degrees  of  Scottish  Rite 
belongs  to  the  Wisconsin  Consistory.  Mr.  Irvine  was  married  at  Alount 
Carroll,  Illinois,  October  8,  1873,  to  Miss  Adelaide  Beardsley,  who  was 
born  in  Pennsylvania. 

Though  for  many  years  one  of  the  largest  manufacturers  of  white 
pine  lumber  in  the  United  States,  Mr.  Irvine's  name  probably  became 
most  familiar  with  lumbermen  and  all  engaged  in  the  lumber  business 
through  his  connection  with  the  Mississippi  Valley  Lumbermen's  Asso- 
ciation.    This  organization  embraces  within  its  membership  or  affiliated 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1631 

bodies,  about  nine-tenths  of  the  manufacturers  engaged  in  the  produc- 
tion of  white  pine  lumber  in  Wisconsin  and  Minnesota  outside  the  mills 
on  the  great  lakes.  Mr.  Irvine  first  became  actively  identified  with  the 
Association  at  its  organization  in  1891.  In  1896  he  was  made  vice  presi- 
dent, serving  through  that  year  and  1897,  and  on  I\Iarch  1,  1898,  was 
elected  president  to  succeed  W.  H.  Laird.  He  served  three  years  as 
president  and  gave  much  of  his  time  to  the  organization.  Without  doubt 
the  successful  position  of  the  association  among  national  lumber  organi- 
zations was  largely  due  to  the  earnest  work  of  Mr.  Irvine  while  presi- 
dent and  he  has  ever  since  retained  an  active  part  in  the  association's 
affairs  through  his  individual  membership. 

Dayton  E.  Cook.  In  sixteen  years  of  active  practice  at  ChippcAva 
Falls,  Mr.  Cook  has  distinguished  himself  for  a  solid  ability  as  a  lawyer, 
and  at  the  same  time  had  devoted  much  of  his  time  and  energy  to  the 
public  welfare.  Mr.  Cook  has  for  some  years  been  known  as  one  of  the 
leaders  of  the  local  bar,  and  the  community  has  often  looked  to  his  inter- 
ests and  support  for  many  enterprises  and  movements  for  the  advance- 
ment and  general  upbuilding  of  this  city. 

Dayton  E.  Cook  was  born  in  Dane  county,  Wisconsin,  December 
14,  1873,  and  was  second  in  a  family  of  four  childi-en  born  to  Sylvanus 
H.  and  Nellie  (Reese)  Cook.  The  father  was  born  in  Hornellsville, 
Steuben  county,  New  York,  in  1846,  and  the  mother  was  born  in  the 
same  year  in  Eastern  New  York  State.  The  parents  were  married  in 
Dane  county,  Wisconsin,  and  their  children  are  as  follows:  Dr.  F. 
D.  Cook,  a  dentist  at  Chippewa  Falls;  Dayton  E.;  Pearl;  Effie  C,  wife 
of  T.  W.  Ainsworth,  now  a  resident  of  Alberta,  Canada.  The  father 
who  is  still  living,  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  and  saw  much  hard 
service  for  the  Union.  He  enlisted  early  in  the  war  in  the  First 
Regiment  of  New  York  Cavalry,  known  as  the  New  York  Dragoons. 
His  term  of  service  continued  for  nearly  four  years,  and  he  participated 
in  twenty-nine  major  engagements.  At  the  close  of  the  war  he  came 
west,  locating  in  Dane  county,  Wisconsin,  where  he  was  one  of  the 
substantial  farmers  until  1880.  In  that  year  he  removed  west,  fol- 
lowing the  pioneer  line  and  located  at  Aberdeen,  Brown  county,  South 
Dakota.  There  he  has  for  more  than  thirty  years  been  engaged  in 
wheat  raising,  and  is  one  of  the  largest  crop  producers  in  that  sec- 
tion, cultivating  each  year  a  thousand  acres  of  land.  In  politics  he 
is  a  Republican. 

Mr.  Dayton  E.  Cook  was  about  seven  years  of  age  when  the  family 
moved  out  to  South  Dakota,  and  he  w^as  reared  in  that  almost  frontier 
community,  attaining  his  education  in  the  common  and  high  schools  at 


1632  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

Aberdeen.  After  completing  the  courses  in  the  local  schools,  he  was 
sent  back  to  Wisconsin  and  entered  the  law  department  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Wisconsin,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1895. 
He  continued  his  preparation  for  his  career  by  a  post-graduate  course 
in.  the  same  university.  In  1896  he  located  at  Chippewa  Falls,  and 
has  since  been  attending  to  the  demands  of  a  large  and  increasing  gen- 
eral practice.  For  six  years  he  served  as  district  attorney,  and  was 
city  attorney  for  four  years. 

Mr.  Cook  was  married  October  21,  1896,  at  Lodi,  Wisconsin,  to  Miss 
Florence  Stanley,  a  daughter  of  Daniel  and  Augusta  F.  (Wilkins) 
Stanley.  Her  father,  who  died  at  the  age  of  thirty-eight  years  was  a 
soldier  in  a  Wisconsin  Regiment  during  the  Civil  War  being  captain 
of  his  company.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Cook  are  the  parents  of  two  children, 
Mabel  and  Maurice.  Fraternally  Mr.  Cook  is  affiliated  with  the  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Woodmen  of  America,  the  Macca- 
bees, and  he  and  his  family  are  prominent  in  the  social  affairs  of 
Chippewa  Falls. 

Hon,  Andrew  Galbraith  Miller  served  as  territorial  judge  from 
November  1,  1838,  succeeding  Judge  Frazer  in  that  office,  until  he 
was  appointed  district  judge  of  the  new  district,  upon  the  admission  of 
Wisconsin  into  the  Union;  and  thereafter  and  for  twenty-five  years 
discharged  the  functions  of  the  Federal  judiciary  in  the  state. 

Judge  Miller's  paternal  ancestors  came  from  the  North  of  Ireland 
and  were  of  Scotch-Irish  stock.  His  mother's  maiden  name  was  Jane 
Galbraith,  and  she  was  a  woman  of  English  ancestry.  Both  families 
emigrated  to  America  in  Colonial  days  and  settled  in  Pennsylvania 
on  lands  which  they  bought  of  William  Perm,  and  they  were  active 
in  the  struggle  of  the  Colonies  for  independence,  men  of  both  houses 
participating  in  the  activities  of  the  Colonial  army  during  the  long 
struggle.  Matthew  Miller,  the  father  of  Andrew  J.,  served  with  the 
Pennsylvania  Militia  in  the  Niagara  campaign  of  1814. 

Born  near  the  present  site  of  Carlisle,  in  Cumberland  county, 
Pennsylvania,  on  September  18,  1801,  Andrew  G.  Miller  was  the  eldest 
of  ten  children  of  his  parents.  He  prepared  for  college  at  an  academy 
in  liis  native  town,  matriculated  at  Dickinson  College,  went  from 
there  to  Washington  College  of  Pennsylvania,  and  graduated  from 
the  last  named  institution  on  September  19,  1819.  He  thereafter  read 
law  in  the  office  of  Andrew  Carruthers  of  Carlisle,  Pennsylvania,  and 
Avas  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1822.  Soon  after  his  admission  to  the  bar 
his  father  died,  and  as  the  eldest  of  the  family,  the  care  of  the  home 
largely  devolved  upon  him.     He  practiced  law  in   his   own   and   ad- 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN  1633 

joining  counties  with  success  until  1838,  and  for  three  years  held  the 
office  of  Attorney  General.  On  November  8,  1838,  President  Van 
Buren  commissioned  him  associate  justice  of  the  supreme  court  of 
Wisconsin,  to  succeed  William  C.  Frazer,  deceased,  and  he  thereupon 
came  to  Wisconsin.  He  reached  Milwaukee  after  a  long  and  tedious 
journey  of  a  month  and  took  the  oath  of  office  on  December  10,  1838. 
Upon  the  admission  of  Wisconsin  to  the  Union  in  1848,  President 
Polk  appointed  him  judge  of  the  United  States  district  court  for  the 
Wisconsin  district,  which  then  comprised  all  the  territory  in  the  new 
state  and  so  continued  until  1870,  when  the  state  was  divided  into  the 
Eastern  and  Western  districts. 

It  was  then  that  Judge  Miller  was  assigned  to  the  Eastern  dis- 
trict and  there  he  continued  his  service,  giving  honor  and  dignity  to 
his  office  and  to  his  profession  until  the  close  of  his  long  and  eminently 
useful  life.  After  filling  his  office  for  a  period  of  thirty-five  years, 
Judge  Miller,  on  November  11,  1873,  announced  his  determination  to 
retire  from  the  bench  in  the  following  language :  ' '  Two  years  ago, 
then  of  the  age  when  Federal  Judges  are  allowed  to  resign  on  a  con- 
tinuance of  their  salaries,  I  was  inclined  to  accept  the  terms  of  the 
law,  but  being  blessed  with  good  health  and  not  having  the  plea  of 
infirmity,  in  response  to  the  expressed  wishes  of  numerous  highly 
respectable  and  influential  gentlemen  of  all  parties  and  professions, 
to  retain  my  place,  and  not  believing  it  proper  to  retire  immediately 
upon  arriving  at  the  specified  age,  I  concluded  to  continue  in  office  until 
the  expiration  of  thirty-five  years  from  the  date  of  my  first  commis- 
sion. The  time  set  for  my  resignation  has  arrived,  and  I  make  the 
announcement  to  the  president  of  the  bar  association  that  this  day  I 
resign  the  office  of  district  judge  of  the  United  States  for  the  Eastern 
district  of  Wisconsin,  to  take  effect  on  the  first  day  of  January  next. 
An  earlier  day  for  my  retiring  would  be  agreeable  to  me,  and  should 
have  been  set  but  for  an  amount  of  business  pending,  or  submitted  and 
not  disposed  of,  which  requires  my  attention  in  the  meantime.  I  am  the 
oldest  Federal  judge  in  commission,  and  the  sole  surviving  judge  who 
administered  the  bankrupt  act  of  1841.  As  judge  of  the  territorial  su- 
preme court,  I  attended  its  annual  terms  at  Madison,  and  held  the 
district  courts  in  the  third  district  of  the  territory,  which  before  the 
admission  of  the  state  into  the  union,  was  composed  of  nine  counties, 
and  also  the  terms  of  the  district  court  as  judge  of  the  United  States 
without  missing  a  term  from  sickness  or  any  other  cause. 

"Although  the  infirmities  of  age  cannot  be  plead  as  an  excuse  for 
my  resignation,  yet  after  passing  fifty-four  years  of  my  life  in  the  law. 
as  a  student  in  a  law  office,  as  a  member  of  the  bar.  and  as  a  judge  for 


1634  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

thirty-five  years  of  the  time  in  public  service,  I  hope  that  the  members 
of  the  bar  and  my  fellow  citizens  generally  may  approve  of  my  retiring 
from  official  duty  in  the  evening  of  my  days. 

"I  love  the  legal  profession  and  esteem  the  worthy  practitioner  as 
holding  the  most  honorable  position  in  the  country;  and  I  shall  retire 
with  thankfulness  to  the  bar  for  the  aid  they  have  rendered 
me  by  their  briefs  and  arguments  in  my  judicial  investigations,  and 
with  my  best  wishes  for  their  prosperity  and  happiness." 

Judge  Miller  served  as  district  judge  until  January  1,  1874,  and 
suddenly  and  utterly  without  premonition,  on  September  30,  1874,  while 
in  apparent  good  health,  he  was  stricken  down  by  death.  He  was  a  con- 
sistent Christian  gentleman  and  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church ;  one 
who  carried  his  religion  into  all  the  concerns  of  his  daily  life  and  who 
loved  God  and  his  fellow  men.  He  was  a  man  of  domestic  tastes  and  in- 
clinations and  ever  enjoyed  the  sacred  precincts  of  his  home  circle. 

He  was  married  in  1827  to  Miss  Caroline  E.  Kurtz,  of  Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania,  whose  grandfather  assisted  in  the  establishment  of  the 
Lutheran  church  in  America.  At  his  death  Judge  ^liller  left  a  widow, 
two  sons  and  a  daughter.  His  eldest  son,  Andrew  G.  Miller,  Jr.,  at  one 
time  prominent  as  an  officer  in  the  army,  died  several  years  prior  to  the 
death  of  the  judge.  The  remaining  two  sons  were  B.  K.  and  J.  M. 
Miller,  and  the  daughter  became  the  wife  of  James  G.  Jenkins,  now  a 
retired  judge  of  the  United  States  Circuit  Court. 

Judge  Miller  was  long  an  honored  and  esteemed  member  of  the  Old 
Settlers'  Club  and  was  prominent  in  every  undertaking  that  had  for  its 
object  a  tendency  to  familiarize  the  people  with  the  history  of  the  state 
in  its  earlier  days.  His  papers  and  addresses  on  the  subject  were  always 
masterpieces  of  their  kind  and  never  failed  to  gain  the  attention  of  all, 
and  have  been  published  in  permanent  and  enduring  form  by  order  of 
the  Club,  of  which  Judge  Miller  had  been  honored  with  the  position  of 
presiding  officer  at  one  time. 

During  his  career  as  a  judge  he  dispensed  a  justice  unexcelled  in- its 
quality  by  any  court,  and  his  whole  life  was  one  that  left  the  mark  of 
quality  upon  the  community  in  which  he  was  best  known. 

John  Reinig.  When  the  late  John  Reinig  came  to  America  in  com- 
pany with  an  uncle  in  1851,  he  was  a  boy  of  fifteen  years,  and  he  was  a 
resident  of  Fond  du  Lac  since  April,  1866,  up  to  the  time  of  his  passing. 
He  was  for  years  identified  here  with  the  malting  business  of  the  city, 
the  Fond  du  Lac  Malt  and  Grain  Company,  of  which  he  and  his  son 
were  the  leading  spirits,  being  one  of  the  foremost  concerns  of  its  kind 
in  the  country.     A  good  business  man,  an  excellent  citizen  and  in  all 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1635 

things  an  honest  man,  he  made  his  presence  felt  in  the  commercial  and 
civic  life  of  the  city,  and  his  place  among  his  fellow  men  was  one  of 
which  he  might  well  have  been  proud. 

John  Reinig  was  born  in  Hessen-Darmstadt,  Germany,  on  June  12, 
1836,  and  he  was  sixty-nine  years  of  age  when  he  died  as  the  result  of 
an  accident,  on  Saturday,  June  24:th,  1905.  His  mother  died  when  he 
was  a  babe  of  two  years,  and  eight  years  later  his  father  died,  so  that 
he  was  orphaned  at  the  age  of  ten.  He  was  cared  for  thereafter  by  an 
uncle,  whom  he  accompanied  to  America  when  he  was  fifteen  years 
old,  and  his  first  work  on  these  shores  was  in  a  salt  plant  in  Syracuse, 
New  York.  Later  he  went  to  New  York  City  and  there  he  learned  the 
trade  of  a  tinsmith,  after  which  he  took  up  his  residence  in  Utica,  New 
York.  For  some  years  he  was  engaged  in  the  hardware  business  in 
Rochester,  New  York,  and  in  April,  1866,  he  left  the  east,  coming  to 
Wisconsin  and  locating  in  Fond  du  Lac.  Here  he  engaged  in  the 
hardware  business,  his  first  place  of  business  being  just  north  of  the 
Palmer  House. 

Frugal  in  his  habits  of  living,  energetic  and  careful  in  his  business, 
and  possessing  business  ability  of  no  slight  quality,  he  forged  ahead 
in  his  business,  laying  up  money  continually,  and  finally  in  1892  he 
formed  the  Buerger-Reinig  Company,  and  engaged  in  the  malting  busi- 
ness. A  large  plant  was  built,  and  the  new  firm  was  successful  from 
the  start.  In  1896  Mr.  Buerger  retired  ai:d  the  firm  became  the  Fond 
du  Lac  Malt  and  Grain  Company,  o£  which  Mr.  Reinig  continued  the 
active  head  until  his  death.  The  business  was  ever  a  prosperous  one, 
and  when  he  passed  on  he  was  one  of  the  wealthy  men  of  the  city. 

Mr.  Reinig  was  one  who  always  had  time  to  encourage  any  enter- 
prise having  for  its  end  the  betterment  of  the  city,  and  he  was  one  of 
the  first  to  contribute  to  the  securing  of  the  M.  D.  Wells  Company  for 
this  city.  He  had  the  best  interests  of  the  city  and  county  ever  at 
heart,  and  much  good  was  wrought  by  him  in  his  labors  for  the  ad- 
vancement of  the  civic  interests. 

Though  essentially  a  busy  man,  Mr.  Reinig  found  time  on  at  least 
two  occasions  to  visit  his  native  land,  making  trips  across  in  1876  and 
again  in  1899.  It  was  his  genuine  intent  to  make  another  visit  to  his 
Homeland  in  the  later  years  of  his  life,  but  ever  increasing  business 
cares  caused  him  to  postpone  the  pleasure  from  year  to  year,  so  that 
the  time  never  came  for  him  to  visit  his  native  Germany  in  his  later 
years. 

While  a  resident  of  New  York  state,  in  1863,  August  25th,  :\Ir. 
Reinig  married  Miss  Rose  Hartman,  of  Verona,  N.  Y.  She  survives 
him,  also  a  son  and  daughter.  W.  C.  Reinig,  the  son,  is  interested  in  the 
Fond  du  Lac  Malt  and  Grain  Company  and  was  his  father's  assistant 
for  years,  before  the  death  of  that  worthy  gentleman.  The  daughter, 
Emma,  resides  with  her  mother. 


1636  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

"Time  as  an   ever-rolling  stream, 
Bears  all  its  sons  away; 
They  fly  forgotten  as  a  dream 
Dies  at  the  opening  day." — Watts. 

Skavlem  Family  of  Wisconsin.  The  author  of  this  sketch  has 
consented  to  furnish  data  and  material  for  a  short  biography  of  "one 
of  the  early  pioneer  families  of  the  state  of  Wisconsin."  Fully  realizing 
that  they  are  entitled  to  no  distinction,  fame  or  long  remembrance — 
that  the  record  of  the  individual  is  but  that  of  one  of  the  soon-to-be- 
forgotten  millions — yet  he  hopes  that  the  brief  record  of  life  and  con- 
ditions in  the  early  formative  days  of  our  state  may  add  just  a  trifle 
to  the  permanent  history  of  Wisconsin.  "It  is  a  high,  solemn,  almost 
awful  thought  for  every  individual  man  that  his  earthly  influence  which 
has  had  a  commencement,  will  never  through  all  ages  have  an  end, — 
what  is  done  is  done ;  has  already  blended  itself  with  the  boundless 
ever-living,  ever-working  Universe  and  will  also  work  there  for  good  or 
for  evil,  openly  or  secretly,  throughout  all  time." — Carlyle.  To  them 
this  sentiment  was  an  ever  present  reality. 

Faithfully  acting  their  simple  parts  in  the  great  drama  of  life, 
with  that  rugged  Norse  fidelity  to  their  code  of  strict  justice  and  honest 
dealing,  they  "builded  better  than  they  knew."  Their  influence  has 
aided  in  the  uplift  and  betterment  of  society,  even  affecting  the 
larger  communities  of  state  and  nation. 

Skavlem  Family  in  America.  (Halvor  Gullikson  Skavlem;  Bergit 
Ols-datter  Skavlem.) — The  founders  of  the  Skavlem  family  in  America 
were  Halvor  Gullikson  Skavlem  and  his  wife,  Bergit  Ols-datter  Skavlem. 
They  were  thrifty  peasants  and  owned  the  farmstead  of  "Nordre- 
Skavlem"  in  the  sub-parish  of  Weglie,  Nummedal,  Norway.  The  fam- 
ily consisted  of  the  parents  and  eight  children,  seven  boys  and  one  girl, 
named :  Ole,  Gullik,  Halvor,  Paul,  Kari,  Gjermund,  Lars  and  Her- 
brand. 

If  a  seer  had  foretold  the  destiny  of  this  sturdy  family  of  Norse 
mountaineers  it  would  have  been  to  them  a  romance  surpassing  that 
of  the  Arabian  Nights.  Could  they  have  seen  their  names  enrolled  on 
the  list  of  honored  pioneers  in  a  foreign  land, — to  them  at  that  time 
entirely  unknown, — it  would  have  appeared  as  improbable  as  a  pres- 
ent-day prediction  of  a  trip  to  the  moon  would  be  to  us. 

In  1838  Ansten  Nattestad  returned  from  his  exploring  trip  to  the 
United  States,  having  penetrated  into  the  then  far  northern  wilderness 
of  that,  to  his  countrymen,  entirely  unknown  country,  even  as  far  west 
as  the  great  Lake  Michigan  and  the  frontier  town  of  Chicago.  He 
brought  back  wonderful  stories  of  opportunities  awaiting  the  enter- 
prising pioneer,  whose  brain  and  brawn  were  the  only  requisites  neces- 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1637 

sary  to  transform  the  wilderness  into  fertile  farms  and  prosperous 
homes. 

Gullik,  the  next  oldest  son,  with  family  of  wife  and  daughter,  also 
the  three  unmarried  sons,  Gjermund,  Lars  and  Herbrand,  were  among 
the  first  to  sign  the  list  of  prospective  immigrants  to  the  far-otf  country. 
At  Drammen  they  embarked  on  the  immigrant  ship  ' '  Emelia ' ' — Captain 
Ankerson — for  New  York,  where  they  landed  on  the  twenty-third  day 
of  August,  1839,  having  been  nine  weeks  at  sea.  From  New  York  to 
Chicago  was  a  long  and  tedious  journey,  by  way  of  the  Erie  canal,  and 
slow  boats  over  the  lakes  to  the  then  little  frontier  town  of  Chicago. 
From  Chicago  the  journey  was  mostly  afoot  with  their  emigrant  baggage 
transported  by  slow  moving  ox-teams  over  the  wet  and  swampy  prai- 
ries of  northern  Illinois  to  their  final  destination,  Jefiferson  Prairie, 
Rock  county,  in  the  southern  part  of  the  territory  of  Wisconsin.  There 
the  first  Norwegian  settlement  in  Wisconsin  had  been  located  the  previ- 
ous year  by  Ole  Nattestad,  a  brother  of  Ansten  Nattestad.  Ole  joyously 
welcomed  the  new  arrivals  and  in  true  Norse  hospitality  tendered  the 
freedom  of  every  house  in  the  settlement — which  consisted  of  one  log 
cabin.  (A  very  instructive  account  of  the  early  history  of  this  settle- 
ment is  given  by  H.  L.  Skavlem  in  Chapter  XVIII,  History  of  Rock 
County,  Wisconsin.     C.  F.  Cooper  &  Company,  Chicago,  1908.) 

In  1841  the  balance  of  the  Skavlem  family,  excepting  the  son  Hal- 
vor,  emigrated  and  joined  the  colony  in  Rock  county.  The  father  and 
mother  found  a  home  with  their  son  Gullik,  whose  farm  was  located 
some  two  miles  northwest  of  the  little  village  of  Beloit.  Paul  and  Ole, 
with  their  families,  found  a  temporary  home  with  Gjermund  and  Lars 
at  their  home  in  section  11,  town  1,  range  11,  until  they  were  able  to  pro- 
vide one  of  their  own,  and  the  sister  Kari  (Caroline)  soon  found 
employment  at  Madison  as  a  domestic  in  the  family  of  James  Duane 
Doty,  then  governor  of  the  territory  of  Wisconsin.  Thus  in  the  short 
space  of  three  years  the  Skavlem  family  was  transplanted  from  their 
little  mountain  home  in  Norway  to  the  virgin  lands  of  one  of  the  most 
fertile  and  beautiful  sections  of  the  great  northwest. 

After  fifteen  years'  residence  in  Rock  county,  Gullik  for  the  second 
time  became  a  pioneer,  this  time  joining  the  colony  established  by  C. 
L.  Clausen,  .>\'hich  left  Rock  Prairie  in  the  middle  of  May,  1853.  The 
Clausen  party  consisted  of  a  train  of  forty  ox  teams,  drawing  the  reg- 
ulation "prairie  schooners."  This  party  located  in  Mitchell  county, 
Iowa,  where  Mr.  Skavlem  joined  them  during  the  summer  of  1854  and 
there  spent  the  balance  of  his  days  in  developing  his  second  home  in 
the  wilderness.  The  youngest  of  the  family,  Herbrand,  (Abram  Hol- 
verson) — (the  various  changes  in  Norwegian  names  is  explained  by  Mr. 
H.  L.  Skavlem  in  the  Rock  county  history  previously  referred  to) — again 
listened  to  the  "call  of  the  wild"  and  after  more  than  a  quarter  of  a 
century's  residence  in  Rock  county,  resumed  the  pioneer's  life.     This 


1638  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

time  in  southern  Kansas,  uear  Cedar  Vale  in  Chautauqua  couuty.  where 
he  still  resides,  surrounded  by  a  large  progeny  of  well-to-do  farmers, 
a  conspicuous  character  now  fast  approaching  the  century  mark — 
respected  and  honored  as  one  of  the  sturdy  characters  that  always 
"made  good."  The  pioneer  history  of  Chautauqua  county  will  not 
be  complete  without  the  name  of  Abram  Holverson  occupying  a  prom 
inent  part  of  that  record. 

In  the  little  country  churchyard  at  Luther  Valley,  the  balance  of  the 
Skavlem  immigrants  are  now  located.  There  rest  the  old  parents,  Hal- 
vor  Gullikson  and  Bergit  Ols-datter,  Nordre  Skavlem.  Halvor  Gullik- 
son  Skavlem  died  eight  days  after  arriving  at  his  son's  home;  his  wife 
died  in  1854;  Paul  Skavlem  and  the  deceased  of  his  family  are  buried 
here.  Of  Paul's  family  four  children  are  still  living,  three  daughters 
all  residing  in  Beloit,  Wisconsin,  one  son  living  at  Cedar  Vale,  Kansas. 
Ole  Skavlem,  wife  and  two  children,  Gjermund  Skavlem,  and  the  sis- 
ter, Mrs.  Kari  Skavlem  Wagley  and  her  family,  excepting  two  sons, 
still  living,  all  have  found  rest  in  this  little  country  churchyard.  Lars 
Skavlem  with  his  large  family  of  twelve  children  are  also  to  be  found 
here  excepting  the  two  living,  H.  L.  Skavlem  of  Janesville,  Wisconsin, 
and  Mrs.  Edmund  Thompson  of  Beloit. 

It  is  quite  remarkable  that  so  many  of  this  large  pioneer  family 
should  find  this  last  resting  place  together  in  one  little  country  church- 
yard, while  their  living  descendants  are  scattered  from  the  Atlantic  to 
the  Pacific  and  from  Hudson's  Bay  to  Texas. 

Lars  H.  Skavlem  was  reared  to  agricultural  pursuits  under  the  par- 
ental roof,  until  of  suitable  years,  and  he  then  traveled  extensively  in  his 
native  country  selling  goods.  In  1839  he  immigrated  to  America,  spend- 
ing the  first  winter  in  Chicago  and  in  the  spring  of  1840  he  came  to 
Rock  county,  Wisconsin,  where  he  located  on  government  land  in  sec- 
tion 11,  town  1,  range  11  east,  now  town  of  Newark.  He  occasion- 
ally added  to  his  holdings  and  until  his  farm  consisted  of  two  hundred 
and  fifteen  acres  of  well  improved  land.  He  built  up  a  com- 
fortable home  and  resided  there  until  his  death,  September  2,  1879. 
Lars  H.  Skavlem  was  a  prominent  citizen  among  the  pioneers  of  Rock 
county,  particularly  so  with  his  own  countrymen.  In  politics  in  the 
early  days  he  was  a  strong  anti-slavery  man,  siding  with  the  Abolition- 
ists until  the  formation  of  the  Republican  party,  when  he  joined  its 
ranks  and  remained  a  strong  adherent  to  its  teachings,  during  the 
remainder  of  his  life.  Strongly  religious  but  bitterly  opposed  to 
church  intolerance  and  ecclesiastical  domination,  he  took  an  active  part 
in  the  religious  contentions  of  those  early  days.  He  was  an  active  pro- 
moter of  the  more  liberal  Americanized  Lutheran  church  organizations 
of  that  day.  His  home  was  the  accepted  headquarters  of  all  religious 
and  missionary  activities,  and  his  house  was  used  for  church  services 
before  there  were  school  houses  or  church  buildings.     He  inaugurated 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1639 

the  first  opposition  to  the  Norwegian  clergy's  parochial  interference 
with  our  public  schools.  He  constantly  and  consistently  advocated  the 
thorough  Americanization  of  all  foreigners,  and  looked  upon  the  com- 
mon school  system  as  the  most  efficient  means  towards  that  end.  A 
constant  member  of  the  school  board  he  always  advocated  good  teach- 
ers, good  pay  and  longer  school  terms. 

On  the  twenty-third  day  of  May,  1844,  Lars  H.  Skavlem  was  married 
to  Miss  Groe  Nilssen  Aae,  born  in  Nore  Parish,  Nummedal,  Norway, 
January  13,  1827.  She  was  the  only  child  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Halvor 
Nilssen  Aae,  and  immigrated  with  her  parents  to  this  country  in  1842. 
They  left  Drammen  in  May  on  the  immigrant  vessel  "Eleida, "  com- 
manded by  Captain  Johnson  and  lauded  in  New  York  after  four  long 
and  weary  months  at  sea.  Their  food  supplies  grew  scant.  The  ship 
leaked.  To  add  to  the  general  misery  sickness  attacked  the  passen- 
gers and  out  of  one  hundred  and  twenty,  twelve  were  buried  at  sea. 
Halvor  Nilssen  Aae  was  born  in  the  parish  of  Nore,  Nummedal,  Norway, 
August  12,  1781.  He  was  a  mechanic  by  trade,  a  silversmith  and  clock 
maker,  and  in  a  small  way  manufactured  needles  and  wire.  He  was 
a  natural  inventor,  contrived  and  planned  many  inventions  that  he  never 
had  the  means  to  carry  to  successful  completion.  He  made  several 
clocks  after  coming  to  this  country,  and  his  was  probably  the  first  clock 
made  in  Wisconsin  in  1844.  The  remains  of  this  clock  are  now  in  the 
Historical  Museum  at  Madison.  He  was  looked  upon  as  a  man  of 
more  than  ordinary  learning.  His  neighbors  sometimes  forgot  them- 
selves so  far  as  to  assert  that  the  goldsmith  knew  more  than  the  parson. 

His  wife  was  Guri  Fruegne,  also  from  Nore  parish,  and  was  born  in 
August,  1795.  They  had  but  one  child,  a  daughter,  Groe,  who  became 
the  wife  of  Lars  H.  Skavlem.  Mr.  H.  Nilssen  Aae  purchased  a  piece 
of  government  land  in  section  11,  town  of  Newark;  this  he  im- 
proved and  occupied  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  August,  1856. 
His  wife  survived  him  and  died  at  Beloit  in  her  ninety-first  year,  April 
14,  1886.  They  are  both  buried  at  the  Luther  Valley  cemetery  in  the 
town  of  Newark,  Rock  county,  Wisconsin.  They  were  strongly  relig- 
ious people  and  great  admirers  and  followers  of  Hans  Nielsson  Hauge, 
a  noted  religious  reformer  of  Norway.  Mr.  Nilssen,  or  old  "Halvor 
Aae,"  as  he  was  familiarly  called  by  his  countrymen,  had  the  most 

complete    set    of    Hauge 's    writings — and    they    were    many then    in 

the  country.  This,  used  as  a  travelers'  library,  visited  almost  every 
Haugianer's  hamlet  in  the  Norwegian  settlements,  their  log  house 
alternated  with  Mr.  Skavlem 's  in  furnishing  church  room  for  the 
itinerant  lay  preachers  before  better  accommodations  could  be  secured. 

Mrs.  Groe  Skavlem  was  a  woman  of  model  Christian  character,  a  de- 
voted wife  and  mother.  She  bore  the  hardships  and  privations  of  a  pio- 
neer 's  life  with  that  bravery  and  unflinching  devotion  to  duty  character- 
istic of  her  race  and  people.    During  her  long  and  active  life  she  was 


1640  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

a  promiuent  worker  and  liberal  supporter  of  the  Lutheran  church,  of 
which  she  was  an  honored  member.  Twelve  children  were  born  to 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Skavlem,  five  of  whom  grew  to  mature  years,  of  whom 
only  two  are  now  living:  H.  L.  Skavlem,  the  oldest  of  the  surviving, 
now  a  resident  of  Jauesville,  Wisconsin ;  and  Mrs.  Caroline  Thomp- 
son, widow,  the  youngest  of  the  family,  now  residing  at  Beloit.  Mrs. 
Skavlem  survived  her  husband  twenty-eight  years  and  died  at  Beloit 
July  23,  1907. 

Halvor  Larsen  Skavlem.  As  an  integral  part  of  the  preceding 
article  the  editors  insert  here  a  more  individual  account  of  the  career 
of  Mr.  H.  L.  Skavlem,  whose  scientific  and  literary  attainments  are 
well  known  in  many  quarters  of  both  his  home  state  and  the  nation. 

Halvor  Larsen  Skavlem  was  born  October  3,  1846,  in  the  town  of 
Newark,  Rock  county,  Wisconsin.  He  lived  the  life  of  the  ordinary 
pioneer  farmer's  boy.  The  working  hours  were  from  sun-up  to  sun- 
down, with  plenty  of  chores  before  and  after.  He  got  all  there  was  to 
be  acquired  in  the  common  school  education  of  that  day.  This  he  has 
supplemented  by  judicious  study  and  investigation  for  half  a  century. 
Although  his  early  opportunities  were  limited  compared  with  that  of 
the  present  day,  he  made  good  use  of  them,  and  like  so  many  self-made 
men,  he  became  a  school  teacher,  combining  farming  in  the  summer  and 
teaching  in  the  winter. 

In  December,  1873,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Gunnil  Ommelstad 
(Cornelia  Olmstead)  and  they  settled  down  to  a  farm  life  on  a  farm 
he  had  previously  purchased  near  his  father 's  old  homestead  in  the  town 
of  Newark.  There  they  resided  until  1880,  when  he  was  elected  sheriff 
of  the  county.  They  then  removed  to  Janesville,  where  they  have  since 
resided. 

Mrs.  Gunnil  Ommelstad  Skavlem  was  born  in  the  town  of  Plym- 
outh, Rock  county,  March  30,  1851.  Her  parents,  Hans  Haraldson 
and  Gjertrud  Odegaarden  Ommelstad  were  married  in  1847  and  shortly 
after  their  marriage  they  made  their  home  in  section  thirty,  town  of 
Plymouth,  Rock  county.  Hans  Haraldson  Ommelstad  was  born  in  the 
parish  of  Land,  Norway,  September  28,  1820.  With  his  parents  he  came 
to  America  in  1843.  They  located  in  the  town  of  Newark,  Mr.  Hans 
H.  Ommelstad  died  at  his  home  in  Plymouth,  July  1,  1860.  His  father, 
Harold  Ommelstad,  was  the  first  chorister  and  parochial  school  teacher 
in  the  Rock  Prairie  congregation.  Rev.  Dietrichson  (1844)  speaks  of 
him  as  a  "remarkable  fine  old  man  that  leads  in  the  song  service  and 
conducts  the  religious  instruction  of  the  children."  Harold  Ommel- 
stad was  bom  in  Land  Parish,  Norway,  March  5,  1795,  and  died  in 
Newark,  Wisconsin,  September  25,  1891.  Mrs.  Gjertrud  Odegaarden 
Ommelstad  was  a  daughter  of  Gunnil  Gjermunds-datter  Odegaarden, 
familiarly  known  as  "Widow  Gunnil,"  a  name  promiuent  in  the  earli- 
est Scandinavian  pioneer  history  of  the  state. 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1641 

Gunnil  Odegaarden  was  a  widow  of  Torsten  Odegaarden,  Nore 
Parish,  Nummedal,  Norway.  Her  husband  had  become  lost  in  the  moun- 
tains of  Norway  and  is  believed  to  have  perished  there,  no  trace  of  him 
ever  being  found.  She  was  left  with  a  family  of  six  girls.  The  two 
oldest  girls  being  married,  remained  in  Norway.  With  her  four  younger 
girls,  who  were  named  Gunnil,  Gjertrude,  Astrid  and  Guri,  she  joined 
the  Nattestad  emigrant  party  in  1839.  Her  house  was  the  second 
house  erected  in  the  town  of  Newark,  it  being  completed  and  ready  for 
occupancy  in  March,  1840. 

She  was  a  remarkably  energetic  and  self-reliant  individual,  of  strong 
religious  convictions,  an  ardent  "Haugeaner"  and  her  home  was  the 
meeting  place  for  the  religious  services  until  the  sehoolhouse  and  church 
took  its  place.  She  was  always  ready  to  render  substantial  aid  and 
advice  to  those  in  trouble  and  distress. 

Gunnil  Gjermunds-datter  Odegaarden  was  born  in  Nore  Parish, 
Nummedal,  Norway,  1796,  and  died  at  the  home  of  her  son-in-law,  Her- 
brand  Holverson  Skavlem  (Abram  Holverson),  Rock  county,  Wisconsin, 
July  16,  1854.  She  was  the  sixth  and  last  victim  of  cholera  at  Mr. 
Holverson 's  home.  Consecutively  for  six  days,  Mr.  Holverson  made  a 
trip  to  the  cemetery  with  a  cholera  victim  for  burial. 

(That  cholera  epidemic  carried  many  of  the  first  settlers  to  an 
untimely  end  and  blotted  out  whole  families.  At  one  time  the  deaths 
were  so  numerous  that  volunteers  were  called  on  to  excavate  graves 
and  in  several  instances  the  digger  of  the  grave  was  himself  the  occu- 
pant thereof  the  next  day.) 

Five  children  were  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ommelstad.  Only  two  are 
now  living.  Anne,  born  January  28,  1848,  married  K.  G.  Springen  and 
is  now  living  at  Mayville,  North  Dakota.  Gunnil  is  the  wife  of  Halvar 
L.  Skavlem.  After  the  death  of  Hans  H.  Ommelstad  Mrs.  Ommelstad 
took  up  the  management  of  the  farm  until  1865  when  she  married  Tos- 
ten  R.  Lofthus.  To  him  she  had  one  child,  Gilbert  Reinhart,  born  Au- 
gust 20,  1865,  died  July  7,  1913.  Mrs.  Gjertrud  Ommelstad  Lofthus 
died  May  30,  1884,  and  is  buried  where  so  many  of  her  pioneer  com- 
panions are  at  rest.  In  the  little  Luther  Valley  churchyard  the  silvered 
locks  and  palsied  hands  of  old  pioneers  performed  the  last  rites  for  their 
old  companion.  They  tenderly  laid  her  away,  'ueath  the  prairie  flow- 
ers and  wildwood  bloom  that  still  lovingly  linger  round  the  graves  of 
the  old  pioneers,  who  years  agone 

Oft  gathered  fresh  courage 
Communing  with  God, 
By  the  soft  soothing  spirit 
Of  nature's  bright  sod. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  H.  L.  Skavlem  are  the  parents  of  four  children : 
Hannah  Luella,  born  in  Newark,  October  13,  1875.  died  in  Janesville 


16i2  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

December  2,  1898;  Louis  Norman,  born  October  13,  1875,  now  residing 
in  Janesville,  Wis.;  Gertrude  Juliana,  born  in  Newark,  February  15, 
1880,  was  librarian  of  the  Janesville  public  library  for  ten  years,  and 
married  Herbert  Holme  November  15,  1910.  Mr.  Holme  was  born  at 
Blackburn,  England,  and  is  in  the  mercantile  business  in  Janesville. 
Henry  Gilman,  born  in  Janesville,  January  31,  1885,  a  graduate  of 
Colorado  School  of  Mines,  is  now  located  at  Timmins,  Ontario,  Canada, 
and  engaged  in  mining. 

In  politics  Mr.  Skavlem  has  always  affiliated  with  the  Republican 
party.  Lining  up  with  the  progressive  wing  of  that  organization,  he 
never  hesitated  to  champion  progressive  ideas  that  met  his  approval. 
In  his  younger  days  during  the  farmers'  war  on  monopolies — gener- 
ally designated  as  the  Granger  movement — of  the  early  seventies,  Mr. 
Skavlem  was  a  consistent  and  persistent  advocate  of  the  leading  reform 
measures  that  at  that  time  were  sneeringly  referred  to  as  socialistic 
propaganda.  With  voice  and  pen  he  contributed  to  the  discussions 
of  the  day  and  some  of  his  addresses  are  permanently  preserved  in  the 
state  publications.  He  now  looks  back  across  the  space  of  nearly  half 
a  century  and  is  pleased  to  see  that  nearly  every  important  reform 
measure  that  he  then  espoused  has  now  been  written  into  the  laws 
of  the  state  and  nation.  He  is  still  on  the  firing  line  of  progress,  and 
rather  likes  to  be  referred  to  as  "unsafe  and  dangerous"  by  the  moss- 
backs. 

Optimistic  in  his  views,  he  believes  in  a  slow  but  sure  evolutionary 
progress  of  man.  The  world  is  better  now  than  it  ever  was  before,  and 
to  his  view,  the  time  is  gradually  nearing  when  the  people  will,  shall 
and  must  rule.  The  good  roads  movement  found  in  Mr.  Skavlem  an 
earnest  and  able  advocate.  As  a  leading  member  of  the  county  board 
he  did  much  to  line  up  his  associates  in  favor  of  the  movement,  as 
fast  as  the  state  legislated  in  favor  of  road  improvement,  the  county 
was  ready  to  adopt  the  new  system.  Mr.  Skavlem  -was  urged  to  accept 
the  new  office  of  county  highway  commissioner,  and  at  the  end  of  his 
term  of  office  the  county  had  eighty  miles  of  improved  county  roads 
and  was  conceded  the  banner  good-roads  county  in  the  state. 

Since  living  in  Janesville,  Mr.  Skavlem  has  taken  a  great  interest 
in  the  public  library.  He  was  librarian  for  three  years  and  for  many 
years  has  served  on  the  board  of  directors.  He  promoted  and  helped 
organize  the  State  Library  Association.  He  advocated  and  assisted 
in  introducing  needed  reforms  in  library  administration ;  open  shelves 
and  children's  room  found  in  him  a  strong  supporter. 

He  has  always  been  interested  in  the  early  and  contemporary  his- 
tory of  his  native  state  of  Wisconsin,  as  well  as  in  the  prehistoric 
ages  of  this  region.  By  nature  and  training  a  careful  and  critical 
observer,  he  has  done  valuable  historic  work,  both  for  his  county  and 
state.     He  is  a  valued  member  of  the  State  Historical  Society.     He  is 


HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN  1643 

also  a  leading  member  of  the  State  Ai'clieologieal  Society  and  has 
added  valuable  contributions  to  our  knowledge  of  this  interesting 
study.  For  many  years  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  Wisconsin 
Natural  History  Society.  As  an  ornithologist  and  botanist,  he  has 
contributed  valuable  papers  of  original  scientific  research  that  are 
real  additions  to  scientific  knowledge,  and  as  a  scientist  he  has  more 
than  a  local  reputation. 

Of  his  many  popular  and  technical  articles,  it  is  impossible  to 
mention  even  the  titles,  but  it  will  show  some  of  the  quality  of  his 
literary  style  to  quote  the  following  paragraphs  from  an  article 
appearing  in  "By  the  Wayside"  as  Recollections  of  Bird-Life  in 
Pioneer  Days. — "Some  of  the  most  lasting  and  vivid  impressions  of 
my  boyhood — I  may  well  say  childhood  days — relate  to  and  recall 
pictures  of  bird-life  in  Southern  Wisconsin,  somewhat  more  than  half 
a  century  ago. 

"We  hark  back  to  the  time  of  the  ponderous  slow  moving,  break- 
ing team,  consisting  of  five  to  seven  yoke  of  oxen,  hitched  to  a  long 
cable  of  heavy  logchains,  attached  to  a  crudely  but  strongly  built 
'breaker'  with  a  beam  like  a  young  saw-log  and  a  mould  board 
made  of  iron  bars  that  turned  over  furrows  two  feet  or  more  in  width. 
Those  great  unwieldly  breaking  teams,  consisting  of  ten  to  four- 
teen large  oxen,  are  yet  distinctly  outlined  on  memory's  page,  and 
reminiscently,  I  see  them  crawling  like  some  huge  Brobdignagian 
caterpillar  around  and  around  the  doomed  'land' — 'land,'  in  break- 
ing parlance,  being  that  piece  of  the  wild  selected  for  cultivation, — ■ 
leaving  a  black  trail  behind,  that,  day  by  day,  increased  in  width, 
bringing  certain  ruin  and  destruction, — ^absolute  annihilation, — to  the 
plant,  habitants  who  had  held  undisputed  possession  for  untold  cen- 
turies. 

"The  mild-eyed,  slow-moving  ox  teams  were  not  only  instruments 
in  the  destruction  of  the  centuries — old  flower  parks  of  the  wilder- 
ness, but  with  them  came  tragedies  in  bird-life,  resultant  from  the 
inevitable  changes  from  nature's  rule  of  the  wild,  to  man's  artificial 
sway.  Often  in  preparing  or  planning  for  the  breaking  of  a  new 
piece  of  land,  the  same  was  guarded  from  the  prairie  fires  of  the  fall 
and  early  spring,  so  that  it  could  be  'fired'  at  the  time  of  breaking. 
This  would  commence  the  latter  part  of  May  and  continue  on  through 
June  and  July,  covering  the  nesting  season  of  the  numerous  species 
of  bird-life,  that  had  for  untold  generations,  made  this  beautiful  park 
region  of  the  Rock  River  Valley,  their  summer  home." 

Concerning  his  work  as  a  collector  of  birds,  a  Wisconsin  paper 
recently  said  editorially:  "His  private  collection  includes  fine  speci- 
mens from  every  family  known  to  the  Badger  state  records,  except- 
ing the  Carolina  paroquet,  which  has  not  been  seen  by  any  reliable 
observer    since    the    late    '40s.      The    exhibits    are    grouped    in    their 


1644  HISTORY  OP^  AVISCONSIN 

respective  families  and  the  latter  arranged  in  the  order  of  evolution 
from  the  imperfectly  formed  diving  birds  which  are  most  closely 
related  to  the  reptiles  from  which  they  sprang,  to  the  so-called  "perch- 
ing birds' — the  larks,  finches,  thrushes,  woodwarblers  and  flycatchers, 
— which  are  recognized  as  the  most  highly  developed  of  the  bird 
family.  There  are  nearly  300  of  the  357  species  in  this  exhibition, 
including  some  birds  now-  almost  extinct  in  Wisconsin — the  wild  turkey 
of  the  pheasant  family  and  the  passenger  pigeon." 

Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  In  religious 
matters  he  is  inclined  to  do  his  own  thinking,  being  more  in  harmony 
with  the  Unitarian  belief  than  any  others.  Mr.  Skavlem  wields  a 
ready  and  versatile  pen  and  his  literary  field  ranges  from  the  tech- 
nical, scientific  paper  to  the  lighter  shades  of  magazine  contributions  in 
both  prose  and  verse.  He  has  a  wonderful  fund  of  all  around  knowl- 
edge. As  he  himself  puts  it,  he  is  "one  of  the  last  of  the  old-time 
naturalists,  who  knew  a  little  of  most  everything,  and  not  much  of 
any  one  thing."  In  his  well  chosen  library^ — a  unique  collection  of 
scientific,  philosophical,  literary  and  religious  treasures — he  enjoys 
the  calm  of  life's  evenings  as  he  writes. 

Aye,  the  shadow's  growing  longer, 
Yet  the  sky  is  bright  and  blue, 
And  I  see  Nirvana  yonder — 
For  my  battered  old  canoe, 
For  my  battered  old  canoe ; 
Yes,  I  see  Nirvana  yonder — 
For  my  battered  old  canoe. 

Note.  As  a  prominent  and  influential  pioneer  of  Wisconsin,  Lars 
H.  Skavlem  has  been  referred  to  in  the  various  historical  records 
both  of  Rock  county  and  those  of  a  more  general  scope  relating  to  the 
Scandinavian  settlement  of  the  state.  Unfortunately  many  errors  as 
to  dates  and  data  and  minor  details  have  crept  in.  At  our  request, 
Mr.*  H.  L.  Skavlem  has  prepared  this  note,  referring  to  the  several 
publications  with  corrections  of  errors  therein  noted:  "History  of 
Rock  County  1879,"  page  747,  Lars  H.  Skavlem 's  arrival  in  Newark 
given  as  1841,  should  be  1840;  same  page.  Halvor  L.  Skavlem,  date 
of  birth  given  as  1848,  should  be  1846.  "Portrait  &  Biographical 
Album,  Rock  County,"  1889,  page  423,  sub.ject,  Lars  Halversen  Skev- 
lem,  gives  date  of  marriage  1843,  correct  date  1844.  "History  of  Rock 
County,  1908,"  Vol.  2,  page  906, — sub.ject  Halvor  L.  Skavlem,  states 
his  mother  was  married  to  Mr.  Skavlem.  Sr.,  in  1843,  should  be  1844: 
establishment  of  home .  in  Newark  given  as  1843,  but  IVIr.  Skavlem 's 
home  was  established  in  Newark  in  1840,  and  Mrs.  Skavlem  joined  him 
in  that  home  in  1844.  "De  Norske  Settlementers  History  Holland 
1908,"  page  128,  gives  the  date  as  1841  of  the  arrival  of  Lars  Skav- 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSIN  1645 

lem.  This  is  an  error  as  to  Lars  Skavlem.  The  date  should  be  1840. 
"History  of  Norwegian  Immigration  to  the  United  States,"  Flom. 
1909 — In  his  account  of  the  settlements  of  Jefferson  and  Rock  Prairie, 
Prof.  Flom  has  much  to  say  of  the  Skavlem  family,  mention  is  also 
made  of  Halvor  Nilson  Aaas.  This  should  be  Halvor  Nilssen  Aae, 
the  father  of  Mrs.  Groe  Skavlem.  The  whole  narrative  is  so  badly 
mixed  and  incorrect,  both  as  to  dates,  data  and  historical  sequence, 
that  it  requires  a  thorough  revision  of  the  whole  article  to  be 
of  any  historical  value.  Prof.  Flom's  work  is  of  inestimable  value  as 
giving  permanent  records  of  Scandinavian  pioneer  life,  and  where  he 
deals  with  communities  where  the  actors  in  the  drama  of  life's  record 
were  still  living,  his  information  will  approach  much  nearer  to  that 
historical  accuracy  that  we  all  strive  for.  When  we  gather  historical 
data  from  second  and  third-hand  hear-say  and  the  informants  not 
realizing  the  necessity  of  critical  accuracy,  there  is  no  wonder  that 
things  get  hopelessly  mixed.  A  more  careful  verification  of  his 
data  particularly  as  to  the  earliest  settlements  would  have  added 
much  to  the  accuracy  of  his  work.- — H.  L.  Skavlem. 

Ida  Leonora  Schell,  M.  D.  That  a  woman's  work  must  be  limited 
by  no  arbitrary  distinction  or  traditional  customs,  but  solely  on 
the  basis  of  fitness  and  ability,  is  rapidly  becoming  American  prac- 
tice, and,  perhaps,  more  slowly,  is  being  accepted  by  the  moral  and 
"logical  sense  of  the  nation.  The  fields  of  educations,  art  and  music, 
have  long  been  open  to  woman's  activity,  and  more  recently  com- 
mercial lines  and  the  distinctive  domains  of  law  and  medicine  have 
yielded  their  rewards  to  woman.  Wisconsin  has  its  quota  of  women 
in  the  law  and  in  medicine,  and  in  the  latter  field  one  of  the  ablest 
and  probably  the  best  known  in  Milwaukee  is  Dr.  Schell. 

Dr.  Schell,  who  specializes  in  diseases  of  women  and  children, 
and  who  is  prominently  connected  with  the  organized  professional 
activities  of  the  city  and  state,  has  a  career  of  particular  interest, 
not  alone  for  her  present  attainments  and  position,  but  also  for 
the  experiences  which  led  her  to  make  the  struggle  of  a  pioneer 
along  the  advanced  lines  of  women's  vocational  domains,  helping 
to  extend  the  frontier  of  women's  work  beyond  its  hitherto  circum- 
scribed limits. 

Ida  Leonora  Schell  was  born  in  Montezuma,  loAva,  November 
30,  1862.  Her  father,  Joseph  Schell,  who  was  born  and  reared  in 
Saxony,  Germany,  came  to  America  in  1850,  and  was  a  furniture 
dealer.  The  mother,  whose  maiden  name  was  Walpurga  Fink, 
was  reared  in  southern  Germany  and  came  to  America  in  1853. 
The  parents  were  married  in  1855,  and  reared  nine  children,  their 
marriage  having  occurred  in  Burlington,  Iowa,  and  in  the  fall  of  1857, 
on  a  typical  prairie  schooner,  they  moved  from  Burlington  to  Mon- 


1646  HISTORY  OF  WISCONSIN 

tezuma.  The  father  was  engaged  in  the  furniture  business  in  that 
town,  and  that  was  the  place  where  the  children  were  reared.  The 
father  as  a  boy  in  Germany  had  learned  the  cabinet  maker's  trade, 
and  during  the  early  years  of  his  business  in  Montezuma,  when  not 
all  the  mechanical  trades  and  industries  were  represented  in  the 
community,  he  often  made  coflfins.  He  was  a  well  known  man  in  his  com- 
munity and  he  and  his  wife  spent  their  remaining  years  at  Monte- 
zuma. The  father  was  eighty-three  and  the  mother  was  sixty  when 
death  came  to  them.  The  father  was  a  Horace  Greeley  Democrat, 
and  a  great  admirer  of  that  journalist  and  statesman.  Of  the  two 
sons  and  seven  daughters,  four  daughters  and  two  sons  are  now 
living,  Dr.  Schell  having  been  the  fourth  in  order  of  birth.  George 
J.  Schell  resides  in  Keokuk,  Iowa,  and  is  in  the  furniture  business; 
Viola  is  in  the  State  Superintendent's  Office  at  Des  Moines,  Iowa, 
and  is  secretary  of  the  State  Board  of  Educational  Examiners; 
Katherine  is  the  wife  of  Charles  E.  Hearst,  a  stock  farmer  at  Cedar 
Falls,  Iowa;  Mary  is  a  teacher  at  Montezuma. 

Though  the  story  might  be  briefly  told,  the  early  life  of  Dr. 
Schell  furnishes  very  entertaining  and  instructive  material  for  the 
biographer.  As  a  girl  she  thoroughly  enjoyed  school  studies  and 
was  especially  devoted  to  arithmetic  and  algebra.  She  had  made 
excellent  progress  in  these  branches,  but  when  fifteen  years  of  age 
and  the  boys  of  the  class  were  preparing  to  take  up  the  study  of  geom- 
etry, a  New  England  school  master  interposed  a  traditional  veto,  and 
would  not  allow  Miss  Schell  to  acquire  a  knowledge  of  lines  and 
plain  surfaces — just  because  she  was  a  girl.  Education  has  advanced 
a  long  way  in  all  parts  of  the  country  since  the  time  when  such  a 
thing  was  possible,  though  no  doubt  at  the  present  time  exist  many 
glaring  inconsistencies  which  twenty-five  years  from  now  will  seem 
as  absurd  as  did  this  interdiction  of  the  New  England  school  master. 
It  is  not  difficult  to  understand  and  to  sympathize  with  the  indig- 
nation of  Miss  Schell  when  thus  prevented  from  maintaining  her 
place  in  studies  along  with  her  boy  associates,  and  it  was  really 
from  this  incident  that  dated  her  ardor  and  persistent  advocacy 
of  the  cause  of  woman  suffrage  and  privileges.  When  she  was  six- 
teen years  of  age  she  began  teaching  in  a  country  school,  taught 
one  term  there  and  then  four  years  in  the  graded  school  at  home, 
after  which  she  entered  the  Academy  at  Mount  Vernon,  Iowa.  Her 
attendance  at  college  was  frequently  interrupted  owing  to  lack  of 
funds,  and  she  secured  these  by  resuming  teaching.  She  taught  in 
the  high  school  at  West  Liberty,  at  Marshalltown,  and  at  Fort 
Dodge,  and  also  in  the  State  Normal  School  at  Cedar  Falls.  She 
had  graduated  from  Cornell  College  at  Mount  Vernon  with  the  class 
of  1889,  at  which  time  she  received  the  degree  of  Ph.  B.  While 
engaged   in   teaching  in   the   State   Normal    School   at    Cedar  Falls, 


HISTORY  OP  WISCONSLN  1647 

though  her  proficiency  had  placed  her  in  the  front  rank  of  the 
Normal  teachers,  when  she  requested  an  increase  in  salary  the  pres- 
ident of  the  school  informed  her  that  she  must  not  expect  any  higher 
salary,  as  "a  thousand  dollars  a  year  was  a  mighty  lot  of  money 
for  a  woman,"  and  "a  woman  teacher's  salary  is  not  a  question  of 
work,  it's  a  question  of  economies.  She  can't  earn  more  than  a 
thousand  dollars  anywhere  in  Iowa." 

Thus  again  Miss  Schell  was  brought  up  against  the  dead  wall  of 
social  custom  and  as  there  was  no  immediate  prospect  of  her  breaking 
down  this  barrier,  she  turned  aside  and  devoted  her  studies  to  medicine. 
She  stu